Therapists in Gladstone, MO

Photo of Dipoto Counseling Group, Licensed Professional Counselor in Gladstone, MO
Dipoto Counseling Group
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Gladstone, MO 64118
The counselors at Dipoto Counseling Group are Licensed Counselors or Social Workers in the State of Missouri. Our counselors possess a wide range of experience and were selected to meet the diverse needs of our community. We have 16 counselors in our three offices that are ready to work with you. If you are looking for individual, family or couples counseling, we have someone that can work with you. We also have 7 Provisionally Licensed Counselors and Interns that are working under the supervision of Marc Dipoto LPC. They meet weekly with their supervisor to discuss their cases. This service is offered to at a reduced rate.
The counselors at Dipoto Counseling Group are Licensed Counselors or Social Workers in the State of Missouri. Our counselors possess a wide range of experience and were selected to meet the diverse needs of our community. We have 16 counselors in our three offices that are ready to work with you. If you are looking for individual, family or couples counseling, we have someone that can work with you. We also have 7 Provisionally Licensed Counselors and Interns that are working under the supervision of Marc Dipoto LPC. They meet weekly with their supervisor to discuss their cases. This service is offered to at a reduced rate.
(816) 268-8501 View (816) 268-8501
Photo of Madison Barrows, Pre-Licensed Professional in Gladstone, MO
Madison Barrows
Pre-Licensed Professional
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Gladstone, MO 64119
Struggling with mental health can be exhausting, draining, and extremely isolating. When experiencing these feelings, something that can make these symptoms even worse are going through these feelings alone. In my practice, I strive to create a safe, empowering, comforting, and growth focused environment. Whether you are an adult, or an adolescent experiencing struggles with mental health, I am here to support you through the difficulties that come with life. Mental health can be very difficult to discuss with our close supports, and sometimes hard to find the right words. I am here to help you find those words!
Struggling with mental health can be exhausting, draining, and extremely isolating. When experiencing these feelings, something that can make these symptoms even worse are going through these feelings alone. In my practice, I strive to create a safe, empowering, comforting, and growth focused environment. Whether you are an adult, or an adolescent experiencing struggles with mental health, I am here to support you through the difficulties that come with life. Mental health can be very difficult to discuss with our close supports, and sometimes hard to find the right words. I am here to help you find those words!
(816) 720-5208 View (816) 720-5208
Photo of Dr. Susan Howard-Perry, Licensed Professional Counselor in Gladstone, MO
Dr. Susan Howard-Perry
Licensed Professional Counselor, PsyD, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
Gladstone, MO 64118
Some clients seek treatment not because they have a mental health issue but because they are experiencing a situation, relationship, or life event that is causing them emotional distress. Therefore, I am a goal-oriented therapist that uses an eclectic approach to treatment. I do not believe that one size fits all as each human being is unique and so are their circumstances. I use many different theoretical frames of reference such as Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Solution Focused, Attachment Theory, Behavioral, Trauma Focused CBT, and others to assist my clients develop insight and change behaviors.
Some clients seek treatment not because they have a mental health issue but because they are experiencing a situation, relationship, or life event that is causing them emotional distress. Therefore, I am a goal-oriented therapist that uses an eclectic approach to treatment. I do not believe that one size fits all as each human being is unique and so are their circumstances. I use many different theoretical frames of reference such as Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Solution Focused, Attachment Theory, Behavioral, Trauma Focused CBT, and others to assist my clients develop insight and change behaviors.
(816) 357-8079 View (816) 357-8079
Photo of Kristie Pfaff, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Gladstone, MO
Kristie Pfaff
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, LSCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Gladstone, MO 64118  (Online Only)
Hi! my name is Kristie. I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker. I specialize in treating eating disorders, mood disorders, and substance use disorders. Should you choose to work with me, we will work together to determine what your goals are from which then I will integrate a variety of therapeutic techniques to meet your individualized needs. My therapeutic style is gentle, and compassionate in a strong way, while tempered by an easy sense of humor. My hope is for you to leave your therapy sessions with hope, a feeling of empowerment, and knowing that feeling better is possible for you and change can last.
Hi! my name is Kristie. I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker. I specialize in treating eating disorders, mood disorders, and substance use disorders. Should you choose to work with me, we will work together to determine what your goals are from which then I will integrate a variety of therapeutic techniques to meet your individualized needs. My therapeutic style is gentle, and compassionate in a strong way, while tempered by an easy sense of humor. My hope is for you to leave your therapy sessions with hope, a feeling of empowerment, and knowing that feeling better is possible for you and change can last.
(816) 693-2178 View (816) 693-2178
Photo of Journeys Regina Martin LLC/Life Coaching in Gladstone, MO
Journeys Regina Martin LLC/Life Coaching
MA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Gladstone, MO 64118
I have a very direct yet gentle approach to getting to know who you are and how best to help you break through barriers and other debilitating problems you may be facing. Sometimes, these problems may be a result of lifelong issues; other times, it may be a result of a temporary change in your life such as divorce, loss, or a recent trauma. I work with you to discover new approaches and solutions for the task at hand. I am not traditional, sometimes mouthy, and a bit wacky at times, but I will walk with you through the process until you can walk alone. My heart does get involved at times because being human is all I know.
I have a very direct yet gentle approach to getting to know who you are and how best to help you break through barriers and other debilitating problems you may be facing. Sometimes, these problems may be a result of lifelong issues; other times, it may be a result of a temporary change in your life such as divorce, loss, or a recent trauma. I work with you to discover new approaches and solutions for the task at hand. I am not traditional, sometimes mouthy, and a bit wacky at times, but I will walk with you through the process until you can walk alone. My heart does get involved at times because being human is all I know.
(816) 338-7848 View (816) 338-7848
Photo of Sabrina Scholz, Licensed Professional Counselor in Gladstone, MO
Sabrina Scholz
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC-MO, LPC-KS, NCC
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Gladstone, MO 64119
In today's fast paced world, it's sometimes hard to find time to focus on our personal needs. Whether you're facing stress, anxiety, or just want to be heard, I can help you face those challenges in a nonjudgmental environment. My goal is to offer a safe space to slow everything down and work through those difficult moments together. I believe everyone should be allowed the freedom to experience relief and improve their quality of life.
In today's fast paced world, it's sometimes hard to find time to focus on our personal needs. Whether you're facing stress, anxiety, or just want to be heard, I can help you face those challenges in a nonjudgmental environment. My goal is to offer a safe space to slow everything down and work through those difficult moments together. I believe everyone should be allowed the freedom to experience relief and improve their quality of life.
(913) 298-8234 View (913) 298-8234
Photo of Barbara L Mason-Palmer, Licensed Professional Counselor in Gladstone, MO
Barbara L Mason-Palmer
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
Gladstone, MO 64118
I'm Barbara L. Mason-Palmer; I've treated clients of all different ages and backgrounds ranging from 6 to older adults. My areas of expertise include Anxiety, Depression, Teen Issues, ADHD, Grief and Loss, Marriage or relationship issues and Family concerns. More commonly my focus in treatment involves that of Cognitive Behavioral, Psycho-Educational, and Psychoanalytic Therapy.
I'm Barbara L. Mason-Palmer; I've treated clients of all different ages and backgrounds ranging from 6 to older adults. My areas of expertise include Anxiety, Depression, Teen Issues, ADHD, Grief and Loss, Marriage or relationship issues and Family concerns. More commonly my focus in treatment involves that of Cognitive Behavioral, Psycho-Educational, and Psychoanalytic Therapy.
(816) 659-1348 View (816) 659-1348
Photo of Kevin Carpenter, Psychologist in Gladstone, MO
Kevin Carpenter
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Gladstone, MO 64119
Life is hard, sometimes seemingly for no reason. If you find yourself struggling with completing everyday tasks, faltering in relationships, or even questioning whether it is worth it to carry on, please reach out. I love working with people of all backgrounds and helping them discover meaning and purpose in life, satisfaction with relationships, and joy in daily living. While life is hard, it can also be incredibly rewarding. I hope I can play a small part in helping you find this for yourself.
Life is hard, sometimes seemingly for no reason. If you find yourself struggling with completing everyday tasks, faltering in relationships, or even questioning whether it is worth it to carry on, please reach out. I love working with people of all backgrounds and helping them discover meaning and purpose in life, satisfaction with relationships, and joy in daily living. While life is hard, it can also be incredibly rewarding. I hope I can play a small part in helping you find this for yourself.
(816) 371-5997 View (816) 371-5997
Photo of Casey Britt, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Gladstone, MO
Casey Britt
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, LSCSW
Verified Verified
Gladstone, MO 64118
Life’s challenges can often leave us feeling overwhelmed, alone, or stuck. If you are experiencing these struggles, know that you’re not alone. I’m here to offer support and guidance to help navigate these difficult times together. Seeking help can be daunting, but I am so glad you are here to take the first steps toward progress and healing. I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker practicing in both Missouri and Kansas, bringing over a decade of experience working with diverse adult populations.
Life’s challenges can often leave us feeling overwhelmed, alone, or stuck. If you are experiencing these struggles, know that you’re not alone. I’m here to offer support and guidance to help navigate these difficult times together. Seeking help can be daunting, but I am so glad you are here to take the first steps toward progress and healing. I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker practicing in both Missouri and Kansas, bringing over a decade of experience working with diverse adult populations.
(816) 624-2491 x100 View (816) 624-2491 x100
Photo of Tarisha Starks, Pre-Licensed Professional in Gladstone, MO
Tarisha Starks
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA, PLPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Gladstone, MO 64119
Engaging in therapy and choosing a therapist is a daunting process. I am proud of you, this is one of the bravest decisions you will make. Therapy can be the catalyst for uncovering layers of pain, happiness, laughter, and tears. This journey takes an immense amount of faith. We together will work on creating new ways for you to think and act to reach this sometimes overwhelming goal. I have experience working with depression, anxiety, and trauma. I practice from the Cognitive Behavioral model and use different interventions to best assist with creating the change you desire. I am trained in EMDR and TBRI.
Engaging in therapy and choosing a therapist is a daunting process. I am proud of you, this is one of the bravest decisions you will make. Therapy can be the catalyst for uncovering layers of pain, happiness, laughter, and tears. This journey takes an immense amount of faith. We together will work on creating new ways for you to think and act to reach this sometimes overwhelming goal. I have experience working with depression, anxiety, and trauma. I practice from the Cognitive Behavioral model and use different interventions to best assist with creating the change you desire. I am trained in EMDR and TBRI.
(816) 253-8452 View (816) 253-8452
Photo of Johanna Roten, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Gladstone, MO
Johanna Roten
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, LSCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Gladstone, MO 64118
Your first step to being in control of your happiness and life, is by being vulnerable enough to seek treatment. I am a licensed clinical social worker in Gladstone MO. I have found joy in helping individuals find purpose in life, by tackling their anxiety, depression or trauma history. I believe every client has strengths that can assist them in their healing journey. I am a compassionate listener with healthy communication skills. Therapy can be emotionally difficult and it’s important to have a therapist who will provide support and encouragement while you become mentally restored.
Your first step to being in control of your happiness and life, is by being vulnerable enough to seek treatment. I am a licensed clinical social worker in Gladstone MO. I have found joy in helping individuals find purpose in life, by tackling their anxiety, depression or trauma history. I believe every client has strengths that can assist them in their healing journey. I am a compassionate listener with healthy communication skills. Therapy can be emotionally difficult and it’s important to have a therapist who will provide support and encouragement while you become mentally restored.
View
Photo of Jenni Noel, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Gladstone, MO
Jenni Noel
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
Gladstone, MO 64118
I currently have a waitlist for in-person sessions but am accepting new clients for telehealth only sessions. Please feel free to reach out for more info!
I currently have a waitlist for in-person sessions but am accepting new clients for telehealth only sessions. Please feel free to reach out for more info!
(816) 670-4780 View (816) 670-4780
Photo of Lindsay Frazier, Licensed Professional Counselor in Gladstone, MO
Lindsay Frazier
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Gladstone, MO 64119
On the outside you look like you are put together and can do it all, but inside you feel like a imposter and will never be good enough. You constantly come up with a list of all the things that you need to be better at, do better at. You fall last on your list because what happens if everyone else needs are not met? What happens if you are not perceived as having it together. You're exhausted, broken, and sooo OVER IT. That is where I would like to say to you, "you deserve to be loved and cared for too".
On the outside you look like you are put together and can do it all, but inside you feel like a imposter and will never be good enough. You constantly come up with a list of all the things that you need to be better at, do better at. You fall last on your list because what happens if everyone else needs are not met? What happens if you are not perceived as having it together. You're exhausted, broken, and sooo OVER IT. That is where I would like to say to you, "you deserve to be loved and cared for too".
(816) 227-6855 View (816) 227-6855
Photo of Dr. Colleen Fagan, Psychologist in Gladstone, MO
Dr. Colleen Fagan
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
Gladstone, MO 64119
Not accepting new clients
Not accepting new individual therapy clients. I still do letters for gender affirming surgeries and have openings in my gender dysphoria groups. I strive to provide a compassionate, safe, caring, and nonjudgmental space where you can be yourself, express your emotions and thoughts, and feel heard. We live in uncertain, unpredictable times and the need for self-care and connection is greater than before. Know that whatever you are feeling is normal and you are not alone. Remember too that crises can also be opportunities for growth. I am here to help you navigate your life with compassion, healing, and understanding.
Not accepting new individual therapy clients. I still do letters for gender affirming surgeries and have openings in my gender dysphoria groups. I strive to provide a compassionate, safe, caring, and nonjudgmental space where you can be yourself, express your emotions and thoughts, and feel heard. We live in uncertain, unpredictable times and the need for self-care and connection is greater than before. Know that whatever you are feeling is normal and you are not alone. Remember too that crises can also be opportunities for growth. I am here to help you navigate your life with compassion, healing, and understanding.
(816) 307-4486 View (816) 307-4486
Photo of Andrea Pittman, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Gladstone, MO
Andrea Pittman
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, RPT
Verified Verified
Gladstone, MO 64118
Hi, I’m Andrea, a Licensed Clinical Social Worker and Registered Play Therapist. Having worked in a variety of mental health settings and within the public school system, I have 20 years of experience supporting children & adolescents. My passion is helping children discover & build upon their strengths and abilities in order to overcome obstacles, learn new skills, and establish healthy relationships. I believe the therapy process should be engaging and collaborative in a safe and supportive environment.
Hi, I’m Andrea, a Licensed Clinical Social Worker and Registered Play Therapist. Having worked in a variety of mental health settings and within the public school system, I have 20 years of experience supporting children & adolescents. My passion is helping children discover & build upon their strengths and abilities in order to overcome obstacles, learn new skills, and establish healthy relationships. I believe the therapy process should be engaging and collaborative in a safe and supportive environment.
(816) 239-3816 View (816) 239-3816
Photo of Dana Combs, Licensed Professional Counselor in Gladstone, MO
Dana Combs
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA , LPC, RPT™
Verified Verified
Gladstone, MO 64118
Are you consumed with worry about your child and family? Is your child acting out, anxious or depressed? I can provide a safe therapeutic space for your child to express themselves while learning how to manage their anger, anxiety, depression or other issues. I have 25+ years helping children throughout my career as an elementary teacher and high school counselor. Being a registered play therapist makes me uniquely qualified to help younger children ages 5-11 and adolescents ages 12-18.
Are you consumed with worry about your child and family? Is your child acting out, anxious or depressed? I can provide a safe therapeutic space for your child to express themselves while learning how to manage their anger, anxiety, depression or other issues. I have 25+ years helping children throughout my career as an elementary teacher and high school counselor. Being a registered play therapist makes me uniquely qualified to help younger children ages 5-11 and adolescents ages 12-18.
(217) 645-1155 View (217) 645-1155
Photo of Cali Donegan, Pre-Licensed Professional in Gladstone, MO
Cali Donegan
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA, PLPC
Verified Verified
Gladstone, MO 64118
Sometimes you just need someone to talk to. Someone to listen and try to understand rather than “fix.” My goal is to provide a safe, nonjudgmental atmosphere for you to process thoughts and emotions, heal from trauma, learn to cope with life’s challenges, and hopefully even share some laughs. Understanding that you are the unique product of your life experiences, I utilize a holistic approach to treatment, ensuring individualized care.
Sometimes you just need someone to talk to. Someone to listen and try to understand rather than “fix.” My goal is to provide a safe, nonjudgmental atmosphere for you to process thoughts and emotions, heal from trauma, learn to cope with life’s challenges, and hopefully even share some laughs. Understanding that you are the unique product of your life experiences, I utilize a holistic approach to treatment, ensuring individualized care.
(816) 688-3336 View (816) 688-3336
Photo of Jennifer L DaSilva, Licensed Professional Counselor in Gladstone, MO
Jennifer L DaSilva
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
Gladstone, MO 64118
Not accepting new clients
Helping people of all ages, from children age 6 through adulthood is my passion. Using cognitive behavioral therapy, I focus on ways to help change thoughts and behaviors. I have many years of experience working with individuals, families, and couples teaching them methods to cope with difficult situations and how to take control of their lives. Some people need a few counseling sessions, while others may need more extensive help in learning behavioral change. My experience includes aiding people in managing anxiety, anger, depressive symptoms, and ways to cope with chronic mental illness such as Bipolar disorder and ADD/ADHD.
Helping people of all ages, from children age 6 through adulthood is my passion. Using cognitive behavioral therapy, I focus on ways to help change thoughts and behaviors. I have many years of experience working with individuals, families, and couples teaching them methods to cope with difficult situations and how to take control of their lives. Some people need a few counseling sessions, while others may need more extensive help in learning behavioral change. My experience includes aiding people in managing anxiety, anger, depressive symptoms, and ways to cope with chronic mental illness such as Bipolar disorder and ADD/ADHD.
(816) 701-9229 View (816) 701-9229
Photo of Sherry L. Strahan, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist in Gladstone, MO
Sherry L. Strahan, LMFT
Marriage & Family Therapist, MSFT, LMFT
Verified Verified
Gladstone, MO 64118
I have been a licensed Marriage and Family Therapist since 1997 and can help you with reducing your stress and improving your life. I work with young children(age 3 and up), teens, and adults. I specialize in couple/family therapy, as well as in play therapy. Are you asking yourself questions like "Will I ever feel happy again?" or "Can my spouse/significant other and I really work through our problems?" or "Will my child ever follow the rules without a hassle?". If you are, I can tell you change is possible and I can help you with that change.
I have been a licensed Marriage and Family Therapist since 1997 and can help you with reducing your stress and improving your life. I work with young children(age 3 and up), teens, and adults. I specialize in couple/family therapy, as well as in play therapy. Are you asking yourself questions like "Will I ever feel happy again?" or "Can my spouse/significant other and I really work through our problems?" or "Will my child ever follow the rules without a hassle?". If you are, I can tell you change is possible and I can help you with that change.
(816) 533-7837 View (816) 533-7837
Photo of Victoria Hill, Counselor in Gladstone, MO
Victoria Hill
Counselor, MA, PLPC
Verified Verified
Gladstone, MO 64118
I provide individual counseling to kids, teens, young adults and adults. I particularly enjoy working with clients dealing with anxiety, depression and grief. I utilize person-centered and cognitive behavioral therapy, as well as other treatment frameworks to provide counseling that is specifically tailored to each client and their counseling goals.
I provide individual counseling to kids, teens, young adults and adults. I particularly enjoy working with clients dealing with anxiety, depression and grief. I utilize person-centered and cognitive behavioral therapy, as well as other treatment frameworks to provide counseling that is specifically tailored to each client and their counseling goals.
(816) 327-1416 View (816) 327-1416

See more therapy options for Gladstone

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Gladstone, MO

60+

Average cost per session

$125

Therapists in Gladstone, MO who prioritize treating:

94% Anxiety
87% Depression
78% Coping Skills
74% Relationship Issues
72% Stress
71% Trauma and PTSD
71% Self Esteem

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

76% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
71% Aetna
67% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in Gladstone, MO see their clients

90% In Person and Online
10% Online Only

Gender breakdown

77% Female
23% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Gladstone?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.