Therapists in Zimmerman, MN

Photo of Lexi McDonald, Counselor in Zimmerman, MN
Lexi McDonald
Counselor, MS, LPCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Zimmerman, MN 55398
Immediate openings, no waitlist. We will do the work together, and you will heal. I help effectively strengthen self-worth while standing with you through times of life-transitions, grief and loss, trauma, resilience, depression and anxiety, personality disorders. Healing happens from the combination of a safe space to share, building on strengths, and positive action towards change. You've been the active, high-performer, but overtime you're coming to realize the high-expectations are keeping you from doing your most effective work, get started, or stay on task. I help the high-level leaders thrive in mental wellness.
Immediate openings, no waitlist. We will do the work together, and you will heal. I help effectively strengthen self-worth while standing with you through times of life-transitions, grief and loss, trauma, resilience, depression and anxiety, personality disorders. Healing happens from the combination of a safe space to share, building on strengths, and positive action towards change. You've been the active, high-performer, but overtime you're coming to realize the high-expectations are keeping you from doing your most effective work, get started, or stay on task. I help the high-level leaders thrive in mental wellness.
(763) 314-4736 View (763) 314-4736
Photo of Jill Udermann, Marriage & Family Therapist in Zimmerman, MN
Jill Udermann
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Zimmerman, MN 55398
I believe that you deserve to be your best you and sometimes we need support to get there. I will take a collaborative approach with you to let you lead and give you the support you need and have a strengths-based lens as I believe we hold the positive capabilities to make the changes we want. I will highlight those for you to see when your not able to. I enjoy working with adolescents and adults heal past trauma, process grief and loss, learn to better manage anxiety and depression, and increase self-esteem and find realistic strategies to support following through with this outside of therapy to sustain results.
I believe that you deserve to be your best you and sometimes we need support to get there. I will take a collaborative approach with you to let you lead and give you the support you need and have a strengths-based lens as I believe we hold the positive capabilities to make the changes we want. I will highlight those for you to see when your not able to. I enjoy working with adolescents and adults heal past trauma, process grief and loss, learn to better manage anxiety and depression, and increase self-esteem and find realistic strategies to support following through with this outside of therapy to sustain results.
(763) 275-3201 View (763) 275-3201
Photo of GlassWing Counseling & Wellness, Counselor in Zimmerman, MN
GlassWing Counseling & Wellness
Counselor, MS, LPCC
Verified Verified
Zimmerman, MN 55398
Thank you for reaching out to GlassWing Counseling. Your mental health is important and You Matter. If your concern is for your child, or yourself we have openings for you. We are accepting new clients aged 6 and up. We can accommodate your schedule by offering in-office sessions or telehealth. My goal for you is to feel important, worthy, and valued the moment you enter our office. We will work through your concerns and you will learn new skills that will help you on your journey to happiness. When you are here, you are safe, you are heard, you will be given unconditional positive regard and You Matter.
Thank you for reaching out to GlassWing Counseling. Your mental health is important and You Matter. If your concern is for your child, or yourself we have openings for you. We are accepting new clients aged 6 and up. We can accommodate your schedule by offering in-office sessions or telehealth. My goal for you is to feel important, worthy, and valued the moment you enter our office. We will work through your concerns and you will learn new skills that will help you on your journey to happiness. When you are here, you are safe, you are heard, you will be given unconditional positive regard and You Matter.
(612) 431-9902 View (612) 431-9902
Photo of Traci Page, Drug & Alcohol Counselor in Zimmerman, MN
Traci Page
Drug & Alcohol Counselor, MA, LPCC, LADC
Verified Verified
Zimmerman, MN 55398
I am a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor (LPCC) and a Licensed Alcohol and Drug Counselor (LADC). I work with individuals and teens in the areas of anxiety, depression, trauma, domestic violence and substance abuse. I come from a strength-based, family systems approach with clients' goals in mind. Please visit my website for more information.
I am a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor (LPCC) and a Licensed Alcohol and Drug Counselor (LADC). I work with individuals and teens in the areas of anxiety, depression, trauma, domestic violence and substance abuse. I come from a strength-based, family systems approach with clients' goals in mind. Please visit my website for more information.
(763) 515-0741 View (763) 515-0741
Photo of Northwinds Counseling Services, P.A. in Zimmerman, MN
Northwinds Counseling Services, P.A.
LMFT, LPCC, LGSW
Verified Verified
Zimmerman, MN 55398
At Northwinds, we consider it a privilege to help our clients as they go through life-changing experiences. With integrity, compassion, and a deep devotion to the worth of each individual we see, we are here to help you make positive adjustments to the stressful life challenges you are facing. We offer individual, couples, and family counseling. Our primary model of treatment is Cognitive-Behavioral therapy, though we frequently draw from other treatment models as needed. LMFT: Kevin Smith, Amy Halverson, John Torkelson, and Terri Jorstad; LPCC: Jordan Leuthold, Michelle Rhea, Raven Winter & Rindie Eagle; LGSW: Allison Brockway
At Northwinds, we consider it a privilege to help our clients as they go through life-changing experiences. With integrity, compassion, and a deep devotion to the worth of each individual we see, we are here to help you make positive adjustments to the stressful life challenges you are facing. We offer individual, couples, and family counseling. Our primary model of treatment is Cognitive-Behavioral therapy, though we frequently draw from other treatment models as needed. LMFT: Kevin Smith, Amy Halverson, John Torkelson, and Terri Jorstad; LPCC: Jordan Leuthold, Michelle Rhea, Raven Winter & Rindie Eagle; LGSW: Allison Brockway
(763) 280-5780 View (763) 280-5780
Photo of Serenity Circle Counseling, Marriage & Family Therapist in Zimmerman, MN
Serenity Circle Counseling
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Zimmerman, MN 55398
Serenity Circle Counseling provides counseling services to children, adolescents, adults, couples, and families to address issues such as anger, anxiety, chemical dependency, depression, empowerment, grief and loss, personal victimization, self-discovery, and trauma. We also offer psychological assessments and chemical dependency assessments.
Serenity Circle Counseling provides counseling services to children, adolescents, adults, couples, and families to address issues such as anger, anxiety, chemical dependency, depression, empowerment, grief and loss, personal victimization, self-discovery, and trauma. We also offer psychological assessments and chemical dependency assessments.
(763) 373-4104 View (763) 373-4104
Photo of Fuller Living & Associates, LLC, Marriage & Family Therapist in Zimmerman, MN
Fuller Living & Associates, LLC
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Zimmerman, MN 55398
We offer counseling in Blaine, Anoka, and Roseville for individuals, couples, and families. We journey with clients through their life struggle. We provide a safe and non-judgmental environment in which we hear you through ears of empathy and understanding. We have experience working with individuals facing many issues and we believe in the power of effective and efficient care. We believe that there is always hope, that getting to your dreams is possible and that healing is attainable. We journey alongside you through your life difficulties with ears, eyes, and hearts of empathy and understanding.
We offer counseling in Blaine, Anoka, and Roseville for individuals, couples, and families. We journey with clients through their life struggle. We provide a safe and non-judgmental environment in which we hear you through ears of empathy and understanding. We have experience working with individuals facing many issues and we believe in the power of effective and efficient care. We believe that there is always hope, that getting to your dreams is possible and that healing is attainable. We journey alongside you through your life difficulties with ears, eyes, and hearts of empathy and understanding.
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Photo of Michael Robertson, Psychologist in Zimmerman, MN
Michael Robertson
Psychologist, PsyD, LP
Verified Verified
Zimmerman, MN 55398
Over the years, I have found that people do better and feel better about the process of counseling when the duration of counseling is brief. In many cases brief periods of targeted counseling (often less than 10 sessions), is better. ​ When there are intermittent returns to counseling, longer periods without counseling can provide greater benefit than continuous counseling. ​
Over the years, I have found that people do better and feel better about the process of counseling when the duration of counseling is brief. In many cases brief periods of targeted counseling (often less than 10 sessions), is better. ​ When there are intermittent returns to counseling, longer periods without counseling can provide greater benefit than continuous counseling. ​
(763) 308-6998 View (763) 308-6998
Photo of Denae Kuenzel, Psychologist in Zimmerman, MN
Denae Kuenzel
Psychologist, PsyD, LP
Verified Verified
Zimmerman, MN 55398
Waitlist for new clients
I hold a Doctoral Degree in Counseling Psychology and have also been a Registered Dietitian since 2009. I enjoy working with children (11+), adolescents, adults, older adults, and couples. My clinical interests include anxiety, trauma, eating disorders/body image, grief/loss, relationship challenges, life transitions, self-growth, and nutrition/wellness.
I hold a Doctoral Degree in Counseling Psychology and have also been a Registered Dietitian since 2009. I enjoy working with children (11+), adolescents, adults, older adults, and couples. My clinical interests include anxiety, trauma, eating disorders/body image, grief/loss, relationship challenges, life transitions, self-growth, and nutrition/wellness.
(763) 878-8554 View (763) 878-8554
Photo of Mackenzie Nolan, Pre-Licensed Professional in Zimmerman, MN
Mackenzie Nolan
Pre-Licensed Professional, MS
Verified Verified
Zimmerman, MN 55398
Welcome to a space where all ages are embraced and supported on their journey to well-being! From kids to teens, adults, individuals, and families, you'll find a warm and open door here. Starting from age 6, I specialize in working collaboratively with families to navigate life's challenges, whether they're routine adjustments or unexpected transitions. Together, we'll tackle conflicts, strengthen bonds, and help you find your path to resilience. My expertise spans a wide range of backgrounds, addressing issues like trauma, mood and behavioral concerns, relational difficulties, and providing valuable parenting support.
Welcome to a space where all ages are embraced and supported on their journey to well-being! From kids to teens, adults, individuals, and families, you'll find a warm and open door here. Starting from age 6, I specialize in working collaboratively with families to navigate life's challenges, whether they're routine adjustments or unexpected transitions. Together, we'll tackle conflicts, strengthen bonds, and help you find your path to resilience. My expertise spans a wide range of backgrounds, addressing issues like trauma, mood and behavioral concerns, relational difficulties, and providing valuable parenting support.
(763) 251-9773 View (763) 251-9773
Photo of Tia Dvorak, Marriage & Family Therapist in Zimmerman, MN
Tia Dvorak
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT, S, RPT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Zimmerman, MN 55398
Not accepting new clients
I work with children and their caregivers who are experiencing challenging behaviors, transitions, family conflict, adjustment issues, attachment concerns, anxiety, depression, anger, grief, self esteem, both individually and in family therapy. My therapy style consists of a two part process with parent consultations along with individual therapy and I encourage parents to be a part of the therapeutic process. I also provide services to adult individuals who are struggling with anxiety, depression, anger, grief, and self esteem.
I work with children and their caregivers who are experiencing challenging behaviors, transitions, family conflict, adjustment issues, attachment concerns, anxiety, depression, anger, grief, self esteem, both individually and in family therapy. My therapy style consists of a two part process with parent consultations along with individual therapy and I encourage parents to be a part of the therapeutic process. I also provide services to adult individuals who are struggling with anxiety, depression, anger, grief, and self esteem.
(763) 284-8580 View (763) 284-8580
Photo of Nancy Craft, Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor in Zimmerman, MN
Nancy Craft
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, MS LPCC
Verified Verified
Zimmerman, MN 55398
Not accepting new clients
Helping others help themselves has been the focus of my life’s work. I have over 25 years working with a diverse population of children/teens, adults, and families. My goal is to help individuals understand who they are and how their past, along with the patterns they create, impact their present, and then to take that knowledge and figure out how to navigate to where they want to be. The therapy process includes empowering my clients in realizing their inner wisdom, and discovering their innate potential to lead a satisfying, fulfilling life. Whether it feels this way right now or not, you are the expert in your life!
Helping others help themselves has been the focus of my life’s work. I have over 25 years working with a diverse population of children/teens, adults, and families. My goal is to help individuals understand who they are and how their past, along with the patterns they create, impact their present, and then to take that knowledge and figure out how to navigate to where they want to be. The therapy process includes empowering my clients in realizing their inner wisdom, and discovering their innate potential to lead a satisfying, fulfilling life. Whether it feels this way right now or not, you are the expert in your life!
(763) 265-6060 View (763) 265-6060
Photo of Jenna M Leirmoe, Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor in Zimmerman, MN
Jenna M Leirmoe
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, MS, LPCC
Verified Verified
Zimmerman, MN 55398
I work with children (ages 5-10 years old), their families, and adults in building trusting relationships that promote healthy emotional regulation, safe boundaries, positive relationships, increased self-compassion, and resiliency. My goal is to ensure all my clients feel heard and that we work together to build a collaborative relationship that promotes strength and healing.
I work with children (ages 5-10 years old), their families, and adults in building trusting relationships that promote healthy emotional regulation, safe boundaries, positive relationships, increased self-compassion, and resiliency. My goal is to ensure all my clients feel heard and that we work together to build a collaborative relationship that promotes strength and healing.
(763) 265-6059 View (763) 265-6059
Photo of Claire Tollefsrud, Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor in Zimmerman, MN
Claire Tollefsrud
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, MS, LPCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Zimmerman, MN 55398
Hello, and welcome! I work best with clients who are going through transitions, experiencing relationship problems, unravelling past traumas, breaking away from family patterns, coping with mood disorders, and trying to find themselves. I strongly believe therapy is for everyone, and that most of us at some point in our lives find ourselves needing clarity, refocusing, and processing. Some of my clients have seen counselors throughout their lives; others are having their first experience in therapy. I enjoy working with both! (At this time I am only seeing clients 18+ years old)
Hello, and welcome! I work best with clients who are going through transitions, experiencing relationship problems, unravelling past traumas, breaking away from family patterns, coping with mood disorders, and trying to find themselves. I strongly believe therapy is for everyone, and that most of us at some point in our lives find ourselves needing clarity, refocusing, and processing. Some of my clients have seen counselors throughout their lives; others are having their first experience in therapy. I enjoy working with both! (At this time I am only seeing clients 18+ years old)
(763) 230-0741 View (763) 230-0741
Photo of Cindy Meyer, Marriage & Family Therapist in Zimmerman, MN
Cindy Meyer
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT, LADC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Zimmerman, MN 55398
My goal is to provide you a safe, confidential space where you genuinely feel supported and heard as you to navigate through challenges you are currently experiencing. I hold the belief that you are the expert of your life and as a therapist it is my role to support you as you identify problems/goals that you would like to work on in therapy. Since 2005 I have worked with clients struggling with a variety of challenges such as depression, anxiety, relationship struggles, addiction, family strain, low self-esteem/confidence, parenting, grief/loss and life transitions.
My goal is to provide you a safe, confidential space where you genuinely feel supported and heard as you to navigate through challenges you are currently experiencing. I hold the belief that you are the expert of your life and as a therapist it is my role to support you as you identify problems/goals that you would like to work on in therapy. Since 2005 I have worked with clients struggling with a variety of challenges such as depression, anxiety, relationship struggles, addiction, family strain, low self-esteem/confidence, parenting, grief/loss and life transitions.
(763) 292-2426 View (763) 292-2426

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Jenn Geryol, Marriage & Family Therapist in Zimmerman, MN
Jenn Geryol
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, CCTP
Verified Verified
Elk River, MN 55330
Sometimes life is hard! Balancing busy lives, demanding jobs, parenting, and relationships can wear us down and make us feel like we've lost touch with our happiest and most authentic self. Anxiety, depression, past traumas, or a lack of skills and support from our own families of origin can leave us feeling disconnected, lonely, and without hope. When this happens, and you feel like you've lost yourself, where do you turn for help finding your way back to you?
Sometimes life is hard! Balancing busy lives, demanding jobs, parenting, and relationships can wear us down and make us feel like we've lost touch with our happiest and most authentic self. Anxiety, depression, past traumas, or a lack of skills and support from our own families of origin can leave us feeling disconnected, lonely, and without hope. When this happens, and you feel like you've lost yourself, where do you turn for help finding your way back to you?
(763) 373-6265 View (763) 373-6265
Photo of Hilary Greene, Marriage & Family Therapist in Zimmerman, MN
Hilary Greene
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Elk River, MN 55330
My goal as a therapist is to guide my clients in the exploration of their lives, within a safe and nurturing environment without judgement, to help them create the positive changes they desire. I have experience working with clients of all ages and specialize in working with adolescents and adults. I often work with clients on navigating life changes and challenges, depression, anxiety, emotion regulation, and trauma. I especially enjoy working with those transitioning from adolescence into adulthood. I have a passion for helping clients to identify and change deeply rooted patterns that are creating challenges within their lives.
My goal as a therapist is to guide my clients in the exploration of their lives, within a safe and nurturing environment without judgement, to help them create the positive changes they desire. I have experience working with clients of all ages and specialize in working with adolescents and adults. I often work with clients on navigating life changes and challenges, depression, anxiety, emotion regulation, and trauma. I especially enjoy working with those transitioning from adolescence into adulthood. I have a passion for helping clients to identify and change deeply rooted patterns that are creating challenges within their lives.
(763) 363-3109 View (763) 363-3109
Photo of Ashley Hauer, Counselor in Zimmerman, MN
Ashley Hauer
Counselor, MS, LPCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Princeton, MN 55371  (Online Only)
I provide services to a variety of populations, including adults, couples, teens, children, and families. Some common concerns for my clients include anxiety, depression, low self-esteem, identity development, building healthy relationships, exploring early childhood relationships with caregivers, navigating life changes, and processing trauma or abuse.
I provide services to a variety of populations, including adults, couples, teens, children, and families. Some common concerns for my clients include anxiety, depression, low self-esteem, identity development, building healthy relationships, exploring early childhood relationships with caregivers, navigating life changes, and processing trauma or abuse.
(763) 220-6251 View (763) 220-6251
Photo of Richard Chandler, Licensed Professional Counselor in Zimmerman, MN
Richard Chandler
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
Elk River, MN 55330  (Online Only)
Have you experienced infidelity, loss of trust, low intimacy, low sex or sexless marriage, hurtful arguing, silent treatment, anger, or threats of separation and divorce? I have helped couples improve their communication & intimacy. I seek to bring clarity to your relationship and, if possible, help you renew the attraction & romance that first brought you together. Couple's transformation packages for anger, divorce & infidelity. I specialize in strength-based, online teletherapy for couples & individual counseling. Please text, call, or email for a short phone or online conversation to see if working together is right for you.
Have you experienced infidelity, loss of trust, low intimacy, low sex or sexless marriage, hurtful arguing, silent treatment, anger, or threats of separation and divorce? I have helped couples improve their communication & intimacy. I seek to bring clarity to your relationship and, if possible, help you renew the attraction & romance that first brought you together. Couple's transformation packages for anger, divorce & infidelity. I specialize in strength-based, online teletherapy for couples & individual counseling. Please text, call, or email for a short phone or online conversation to see if working together is right for you.
(763) 265-6058 View (763) 265-6058
Photo of Trilogy Counseling Services, PLLC in Zimmerman, MN
Trilogy Counseling Services, PLLC
Verified Verified
Princeton, MN 55371
Trilogy Counseling is a group counseling practice located in Princeton, Roseville and Elk River, Minnesota. We also offer services online in Minnesota and Florida. We currently have eight Counselors who work with children, teens, adults, families, and couples. Trilogy Counseling providers offer unique individualized experiences for all clients we work with.
Trilogy Counseling is a group counseling practice located in Princeton, Roseville and Elk River, Minnesota. We also offer services online in Minnesota and Florida. We currently have eight Counselors who work with children, teens, adults, families, and couples. Trilogy Counseling providers offer unique individualized experiences for all clients we work with.
(763) 284-8233 View (763) 284-8233

See more therapy options for Zimmerman

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Zimmerman, MN

10+

Average cost per session

$147

Therapists in Zimmerman, MN who prioritize treating:

93% Anxiety
87% Depression
87% Trauma and PTSD
87% Coping Skills
80% Self Esteem
73% Relationship Issues
73% Grief

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

83% BlueCross and BlueShield
83% PreferredOne
75% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in Zimmerman, MN see their clients

100% In Person and Online

Gender breakdown

92% Female
8% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Zimmerman?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.