Therapists in Oak Park Heights, MN

Photo of Jennifer Schertz, MEd, LPCC, Counselor
Jennifer Schertz
Counselor, MEd, LPCC
Verified Verified
Oak Park Heights, MN 55082
We often fall into old patterns that don't work for us any longer. We can feel stuck. We don't know how to make changes or what to do. Sometimes it is necessary to share your story with someone who can be objective and give you an alternative perspective. I will strive to give you the knowledge and skills to make these changes in a healthy and God-like manner. We will work together, at your pace and comfort level, to develop goals to improve your life. We will work to give your life balance in all areas.
We often fall into old patterns that don't work for us any longer. We can feel stuck. We don't know how to make changes or what to do. Sometimes it is necessary to share your story with someone who can be objective and give you an alternative perspective. I will strive to give you the knowledge and skills to make these changes in a healthy and God-like manner. We will work together, at your pace and comfort level, to develop goals to improve your life. We will work to give your life balance in all areas.
(651) 376-3988 View (651) 376-3988
Photo of Ron Weill, MA, LP, Psychologist
Ron Weill
Psychologist, MA, LP
Verified Verified
Oak Park Heights, MN 55082
Even when you are struggling, you still have innate abilities to change and grow. Perhaps you need someone to listen, support, and assist you in the process of recognizing and strengthening your resilience. I have 30+ years of experience working with adults who have struggled with a variety of concerns, including depression and anxiety. In addition, I have specialized training for treating trauma and posttraumatic stress (PTSD).
Even when you are struggling, you still have innate abilities to change and grow. Perhaps you need someone to listen, support, and assist you in the process of recognizing and strengthening your resilience. I have 30+ years of experience working with adults who have struggled with a variety of concerns, including depression and anxiety. In addition, I have specialized training for treating trauma and posttraumatic stress (PTSD).
(651) 504-0141 View (651) 504-0141

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of undefined - The NEST Clinic, Psychologist
The NEST Clinic
Psychologist
Verified Verified
Stillwater, MN 55082
The NEST is a boutique mental health and wellness clinic located in beautiful downtown Stillwater. While we specialize in concerns related to the reproductive cycle across the lifespan, we also work with a wide variety of mental health conditions in men, women and adolescents. We are currently hiring fully licensed full and part-time clinicians.
The NEST is a boutique mental health and wellness clinic located in beautiful downtown Stillwater. While we specialize in concerns related to the reproductive cycle across the lifespan, we also work with a wide variety of mental health conditions in men, women and adolescents. We are currently hiring fully licensed full and part-time clinicians.
(651) 413-9849 View (651) 413-9849
Photo of David Comparetto, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
David Comparetto
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Stillwater, MN 55083
Worry and sadness are a normal part of life, at some points, sadness and worry can be hard to manage on your own, during those times, having someone to talk to can be very helpful for most people. I help individuals ages 10 and up that are experiencing anxiety, panic attacks, depression and feeling stuck in life. I provide Christian counseling as well as assist couples experiencing difficulties with communication and intimacy. I also assist couples with rebuilding trust after an affair.
Worry and sadness are a normal part of life, at some points, sadness and worry can be hard to manage on your own, during those times, having someone to talk to can be very helpful for most people. I help individuals ages 10 and up that are experiencing anxiety, panic attacks, depression and feeling stuck in life. I provide Christian counseling as well as assist couples experiencing difficulties with communication and intimacy. I also assist couples with rebuilding trust after an affair.
(651) 571-9549 View (651) 571-9549
Photo of undefined - Anderson Psychological Services, LLC, PsyD, LP, Psychologist
Anderson Psychological Services, LLC
Psychologist, PsyD, LP
Verified Verified
Stillwater, MN 55082
My approach to therapy has been informed by my work with individuals, couples and families who have experienced varied and unique challenges. Despite these differences, there are common themes and desires: a sense of security and personal growth, resolving conflict, and building love and respect in marriages or other intimate relationships. Parents seek to manage modern pressures, multiple demands, and opportunities for their children. For those parents with scheduled parenting time, they seek a shared vision of their children's best interest - and shared goals in preparing their kids to meet life's obstacles with determination and resilience.
My approach to therapy has been informed by my work with individuals, couples and families who have experienced varied and unique challenges. Despite these differences, there are common themes and desires: a sense of security and personal growth, resolving conflict, and building love and respect in marriages or other intimate relationships. Parents seek to manage modern pressures, multiple demands, and opportunities for their children. For those parents with scheduled parenting time, they seek a shared vision of their children's best interest - and shared goals in preparing their kids to meet life's obstacles with determination and resilience.
(612) 260-4351 View (612) 260-4351
Photo of Stephanie Kalliman, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Stephanie Kalliman
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Stillwater, MN 55082
I am a human first and a therapist second, which means I will meet you where you are at and I will not judge you for the things you might be judging yourself for. I'm not afraid to use humor and have a passion for helping build stronger connections in your relationships, including the relationship you have with yourself. I offer an encouraging, warm, and collaborative approach to healing and welcome couples, families, adolescents, and adults.
I am a human first and a therapist second, which means I will meet you where you are at and I will not judge you for the things you might be judging yourself for. I'm not afraid to use humor and have a passion for helping build stronger connections in your relationships, including the relationship you have with yourself. I offer an encouraging, warm, and collaborative approach to healing and welcome couples, families, adolescents, and adults.
(651) 998-7525 View (651) 998-7525
Photo of Kathy Boisjoli, MA, LPCC, Counselor
Kathy Boisjoli
Counselor, MA, LPCC
Verified Verified
Stillwater, MN 55082
Not accepting new clients
Are you struggling with depression, anxiety, life issues, trauma or chronic pain? Wild Acres Wellness can help. Kathy is dedicated and passionate about helping adults with a variety of issues including depression, anxiety, trauma, abuse, relationship conflicts, parenting challenges, grief and loss. Kathy utilizes a variety of approaches to guide each person toward greater happiness and living life more fully such as hypnotherapy, EMDR Therapy, Equine Assisted Psychotherapy, mindfulness and cognitive behavioral therapy.
Are you struggling with depression, anxiety, life issues, trauma or chronic pain? Wild Acres Wellness can help. Kathy is dedicated and passionate about helping adults with a variety of issues including depression, anxiety, trauma, abuse, relationship conflicts, parenting challenges, grief and loss. Kathy utilizes a variety of approaches to guide each person toward greater happiness and living life more fully such as hypnotherapy, EMDR Therapy, Equine Assisted Psychotherapy, mindfulness and cognitive behavioral therapy.
(651) 383-1610 View (651) 383-1610
Photo of Laura Phillips, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Laura Phillips
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Stillwater, MN 55082
Not accepting new clients
I'm not taking new clients at this time. I provide individual and couples therapy for people wanting to improve mental, emotional, relational, and/or spiritual health. I treat: anxiety; depression; relational issues; self-esteem issues; abuse/trauma/PTSD; coping for stress and/or chronic pain/illness; lack of meaning or purpose in life. If you are experiencing low mood, stress/panic, hopelessness, bothersome thoughts and feelings about a traumatic event, feel you are in a relationship with a significant other or family member where negative patterns have taken hold, or you feel you are not living to your full potential, I can help.
I'm not taking new clients at this time. I provide individual and couples therapy for people wanting to improve mental, emotional, relational, and/or spiritual health. I treat: anxiety; depression; relational issues; self-esteem issues; abuse/trauma/PTSD; coping for stress and/or chronic pain/illness; lack of meaning or purpose in life. If you are experiencing low mood, stress/panic, hopelessness, bothersome thoughts and feelings about a traumatic event, feel you are in a relationship with a significant other or family member where negative patterns have taken hold, or you feel you are not living to your full potential, I can help.
(651) 425-9297 View (651) 425-9297
Photo of Paul L Paladie, MSW, LICSW, LADC, CCTP, Veteran, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Paul L Paladie
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW, LADC, CCTP, Veteran
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Stillwater, MN 55083
I am committed to providing strength-focused, client-centered therapy to individuals who are looking for strategies or ways to work with the challenges they have been carrying. My mission is to meet each person, wherever they are in life, and to provide effective mental health intervention that builds on the strengths of the individual and the environment in which that person lives. I believe the most successful outcomes, often start with challenging beginnings. (Challenges are defined by negative influences, thoughts, behaviors, or actions- including MH concerns,
I am committed to providing strength-focused, client-centered therapy to individuals who are looking for strategies or ways to work with the challenges they have been carrying. My mission is to meet each person, wherever they are in life, and to provide effective mental health intervention that builds on the strengths of the individual and the environment in which that person lives. I believe the most successful outcomes, often start with challenging beginnings. (Challenges are defined by negative influences, thoughts, behaviors, or actions- including MH concerns,
(651) 877-8343 View (651) 877-8343
Photo of Dr. Rebecca Hern, PsyD, LP, Psychologist
Dr. Rebecca Hern
Psychologist, PsyD, LP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Stillwater, MN 55082
Do any of the following sound familiar? You feel anxious, irritable, or overwhelmed most days. You notice that no matter how successful you are, or how much you have achieved, you still struggle with feeling “not good enough.” You often don't know what you want or need, and sacrifice your own well-being to meet the needs of others. You want to find meaning and joy in life, but find that most days you are just trying to get by and survive. If you're looking for a safe, supportive, nonjudgmental space to do this work then let's talk.
Do any of the following sound familiar? You feel anxious, irritable, or overwhelmed most days. You notice that no matter how successful you are, or how much you have achieved, you still struggle with feeling “not good enough.” You often don't know what you want or need, and sacrifice your own well-being to meet the needs of others. You want to find meaning and joy in life, but find that most days you are just trying to get by and survive. If you're looking for a safe, supportive, nonjudgmental space to do this work then let's talk.
(651) 390-1019 View (651) 390-1019
Photo of Laura Hodges, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Laura Hodges
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Stillwater, MN 55082
Laura is acutely aware that reaching out for therapy services in the midst of difficulty is an act of courage. She is encouraged that you have sought help and hopes that you find the information listed here informative as you make the best decision for this time in your life’s journey. This journey could mean individual work or it might mean that you include your partner/spouse or chosen family member(s) to join you in healing. Laura looks forward to walking alongside you during this time with encouragement as you move towards reaching your goals.
Laura is acutely aware that reaching out for therapy services in the midst of difficulty is an act of courage. She is encouraged that you have sought help and hopes that you find the information listed here informative as you make the best decision for this time in your life’s journey. This journey could mean individual work or it might mean that you include your partner/spouse or chosen family member(s) to join you in healing. Laura looks forward to walking alongside you during this time with encouragement as you move towards reaching your goals.
(715) 200-8342 View (715) 200-8342
Photo of undefined - Shaffer Professional Services, MS, LPCC, CCTP, Counselor
Shaffer Professional Services
Counselor, MS, LPCC, CCTP
Verified Verified
Stillwater, MN 55083
Not accepting new clients
Not accepting new clients at this time. The hardest part of therapy is making that first call. The last few years have sucked, amiright? You might be feeling "Meh", "blah", or work has taken a toll. You feeling overwhelmed or more stressed than before? You remember when things felt easier, you were happier, and you spent more time on things you truly enjoyed. You'd like to go to work and still have energy left to enjoy activities you used to love. You want to be closer to those you care about but there's "something" in the way. What have you got to lose? Even more, what do you have to gain? I've got someone to help!
Not accepting new clients at this time. The hardest part of therapy is making that first call. The last few years have sucked, amiright? You might be feeling "Meh", "blah", or work has taken a toll. You feeling overwhelmed or more stressed than before? You remember when things felt easier, you were happier, and you spent more time on things you truly enjoyed. You'd like to go to work and still have energy left to enjoy activities you used to love. You want to be closer to those you care about but there's "something" in the way. What have you got to lose? Even more, what do you have to gain? I've got someone to help!
(218) 306-2683 View (218) 306-2683
Photo of Mike Moller, PsyD, LP, ABPP, Psychologist
Mike Moller
Psychologist, PsyD, LP, ABPP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Stillwater, MN 55082
Waitlist for new clients
I am an independent, licensed and board certified, psychologist. Working with people in a kind and respectful manner is extremely important to me. I have extensive experience with clients from children (3 y.o. and older) through adult (including elderly). I provide a welcoming and relaxed office environment. I believe that working collaboratively is a very important part of the therapy process. Focusing on what is most important to you is essential. I strongly believe in an individualized approach to therapy, each persons history and concerns being unique in nature along with the approach for addressing those concerns.
I am an independent, licensed and board certified, psychologist. Working with people in a kind and respectful manner is extremely important to me. I have extensive experience with clients from children (3 y.o. and older) through adult (including elderly). I provide a welcoming and relaxed office environment. I believe that working collaboratively is a very important part of the therapy process. Focusing on what is most important to you is essential. I strongly believe in an individualized approach to therapy, each persons history and concerns being unique in nature along with the approach for addressing those concerns.
(715) 386-0856 View (715) 386-0856
Photo of undefined - Wholehearted Healing LLC, DMFT, LPCC
Wholehearted Healing LLC
DMFT, LPCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Stillwater, MN 55082
“Wholehearted living is about engaging with our lives from a place of worthiness. It means cultivating the courage, compassion, and connection to wake up in the morning and think, ‘No matter what gets done and how much is left undone, I am enough.’” -Brene Brown
“Wholehearted living is about engaging with our lives from a place of worthiness. It means cultivating the courage, compassion, and connection to wake up in the morning and think, ‘No matter what gets done and how much is left undone, I am enough.’” -Brene Brown
(651) 571-8129 View (651) 571-8129
Photo of undefined - www.CounselingKidsandAdults.com, MA, LMFT, LADC, Marriage & Family Therapist
www.CounselingKidsandAdults.com
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT, LADC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Stillwater, MN 55082
We believe that we all have the capability to survive through difficult times and unwanted emotions. We also believe that we are all worthwhile and valuable individuals that have something valuable to offer others. However, sometimes the world and people around us can seem discouraging and shame-based. One of our goals is to model self-worth and provide our clients with constant encouragement until they are able to see themselves as a worthwhile person that is capable of also encouraging others. Visit us at www.CounselingKidsandAdults.com
We believe that we all have the capability to survive through difficult times and unwanted emotions. We also believe that we are all worthwhile and valuable individuals that have something valuable to offer others. However, sometimes the world and people around us can seem discouraging and shame-based. One of our goals is to model self-worth and provide our clients with constant encouragement until they are able to see themselves as a worthwhile person that is capable of also encouraging others. Visit us at www.CounselingKidsandAdults.com
(651) 927-8152 View (651) 927-8152
Photo of Carrie Miller, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Carrie Miller
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Stillwater, MN 55082
There is hope after trauma. MEND Therapy is unique in the twin cities in that we are an in-house, all-inclusive collaboration of trauma-informed body workers and psychotherapists. The research is clear: trauma lives in the body, not just the mind. We utilize the cutting edge, most effective and always research-based methods for treating trauma. Because trauma is not just in your head and talk therapy isn't enough.
There is hope after trauma. MEND Therapy is unique in the twin cities in that we are an in-house, all-inclusive collaboration of trauma-informed body workers and psychotherapists. The research is clear: trauma lives in the body, not just the mind. We utilize the cutting edge, most effective and always research-based methods for treating trauma. Because trauma is not just in your head and talk therapy isn't enough.
(651) 409-9125 View (651) 409-9125
Photo of Tina Watson, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Tina Watson
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Stillwater, MN 55082
I'm a licensed marriage and family therapist and enjoy working with families, couples, individuals, children, teens, and adults across the lifespan. I'm dedicated to helping my clients and families find, develop, and care for the hidden, underdeveloped, and wounded parts of themselves so they can live authentic lives rather than existing in the shadows. We discover ways to bring their lives into alignment with who they really are and strengthen their most meaningful relationships. I develop trusting relationships with my clients and seek to understand and respect all people within their family, community, and culture contexts.
I'm a licensed marriage and family therapist and enjoy working with families, couples, individuals, children, teens, and adults across the lifespan. I'm dedicated to helping my clients and families find, develop, and care for the hidden, underdeveloped, and wounded parts of themselves so they can live authentic lives rather than existing in the shadows. We discover ways to bring their lives into alignment with who they really are and strengthen their most meaningful relationships. I develop trusting relationships with my clients and seek to understand and respect all people within their family, community, and culture contexts.
(651) 505-8707 View (651) 505-8707
Photo of Jamie Hepner, LICSW , Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Jamie Hepner
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Stillwater, MN 55082  (Online Only)
You deserve respect for your experiences and equitable access to a joyful life. Therapy has shifted orientation of fixing something that is wrong to discovering other tools in your box and utilizing each to their full capacity. You are not broken, or too much, though the situation may be and together we determine the shape and the form, envisioning what’s next. It is part of a process that every person deserves, discovering or uncovering what isn’t working in your life and expanding your unique abilities as it aligns with your joy.
You deserve respect for your experiences and equitable access to a joyful life. Therapy has shifted orientation of fixing something that is wrong to discovering other tools in your box and utilizing each to their full capacity. You are not broken, or too much, though the situation may be and together we determine the shape and the form, envisioning what’s next. It is part of a process that every person deserves, discovering or uncovering what isn’t working in your life and expanding your unique abilities as it aligns with your joy.
(651) 273-0504 View (651) 273-0504
Photo of Katherine Lindquist, MA, Pre-Licensed Professional
Katherine Lindquist
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Stillwater, MN 55082
We learn who we are and what we have to offer from a lifetime of relationships, both good and bad. Everyone experiences relationships that create festering messages/beliefs that burrow into our souls, leading to internal and external pain. We often forget the importance of personal value and worth within relationships, and the results vary from bitterness, anger, depression, anxiety, addiction, etc. Furthermore, we can get so caught up our anxieties, fears, and pain, that we forget to hold onto and pour into the relationships that provide support, leaving us isolated in our suffering.
We learn who we are and what we have to offer from a lifetime of relationships, both good and bad. Everyone experiences relationships that create festering messages/beliefs that burrow into our souls, leading to internal and external pain. We often forget the importance of personal value and worth within relationships, and the results vary from bitterness, anger, depression, anxiety, addiction, etc. Furthermore, we can get so caught up our anxieties, fears, and pain, that we forget to hold onto and pour into the relationships that provide support, leaving us isolated in our suffering.
(651) 867-4187 View (651) 867-4187
Photo of Lauren Colyer, MA, LPCC, LADC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Lauren Colyer
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPCC, LADC
Verified Verified
Stillwater, MN 55082
I am a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor and Licensed Alcohol and Drug Counselor that has experience counseling adults in a variety of settings. I take a person-centered relational approach enhancing client strengths and empowering them through collaboration. I enjoy working with clients that have trauma and/or co-occurring disorders. I understand that some people may be aware that they need help processing their trauma and/or understanding why they are using substances. There are other people that are not as far along in the stages of changes. I believe therapy is a joint effort in processing through life's challenges.
I am a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor and Licensed Alcohol and Drug Counselor that has experience counseling adults in a variety of settings. I take a person-centered relational approach enhancing client strengths and empowering them through collaboration. I enjoy working with clients that have trauma and/or co-occurring disorders. I understand that some people may be aware that they need help processing their trauma and/or understanding why they are using substances. There are other people that are not as far along in the stages of changes. I believe therapy is a joint effort in processing through life's challenges.
(651) 615-0651 View (651) 615-0651

See more therapy options for Oak Park Heights

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Oak Park Heights, MN

< 10

Therapists in Oak Park Heights, MN who prioritize treating:

50% Relationship Issues
50% Depression
50% Anxiety
50% Grief
50% Obsessive-Compulsive (OCD)
50% Spirituality
50% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

29 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% Aetna
100% BlueCross and BlueShield
100% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in Oak Park Heights, MN see their clients

100% In Person and Online

Gender breakdown

100% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Oak Park Heights?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.