Therapists in New Brighton, MN

Photo of Donny Hobbs, MA, LMFT, CEC, Marriage & Family Therapist
Donny Hobbs
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT, CEC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
New Brighton, MN 55112
I work with individuals who are impacted by anxiety, depression, and low self-esteem. My treatment approach focuses on improving confidence and personal resilience while reducing emotional distress. I also provide counseling for couples and families who are working through relational challenges and life-cycle transitions.I work from a holistic perspective, and my approach is goal driven and solution-focused. Together we identify your goals and ideal outcomes and work through challenges and unhelpful patterns to achieve success. I use accountability coaching to help you achieve your goals and step into the next chapter of life.
I work with individuals who are impacted by anxiety, depression, and low self-esteem. My treatment approach focuses on improving confidence and personal resilience while reducing emotional distress. I also provide counseling for couples and families who are working through relational challenges and life-cycle transitions.I work from a holistic perspective, and my approach is goal driven and solution-focused. Together we identify your goals and ideal outcomes and work through challenges and unhelpful patterns to achieve success. I use accountability coaching to help you achieve your goals and step into the next chapter of life.
(651) 927-8109 View (651) 927-8109
Photo of Taylor West, MS, Pre-Licensed Professional
Taylor West
Pre-Licensed Professional, MS
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
New Brighton, MN 55112
“What mental health needs is more sunlight, more candor, and more unashamed conversation.” — Glenn Close
“What mental health needs is more sunlight, more candor, and more unashamed conversation.” — Glenn Close
(651) 927-4405 View (651) 927-4405
Photo of Dr. Priya Ratty, PsyD, Pre-Licensed Professional
Dr. Priya Ratty
Pre-Licensed Professional, PsyD
Verified Verified
New Brighton, MN 55112  (Online Only)
Vulnerability drives the therapeutic process which leads to personal growth and transformation, however, the path to vulnerability lies in the collaborative relationship between the therapist and the client. It is essential to understand that the journey toward healing starts with a deeper understanding of oneself, followed by acceptance of who you are before any positive change can be achieved. The central themes and patterns that we develop during the early stage of our lives play a vital role in the quality of relationships that we develop with ourselves and others as we transcend into our adulthood.
Vulnerability drives the therapeutic process which leads to personal growth and transformation, however, the path to vulnerability lies in the collaborative relationship between the therapist and the client. It is essential to understand that the journey toward healing starts with a deeper understanding of oneself, followed by acceptance of who you are before any positive change can be achieved. The central themes and patterns that we develop during the early stage of our lives play a vital role in the quality of relationships that we develop with ourselves and others as we transcend into our adulthood.
(651) 240-6133 View (651) 240-6133
Photo of Cassandra Turner, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Cassandra Turner
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
New Brighton, MN 55112
Cassi is direct, kind, and authentic with her approach. She encourages authentic expression of self in the therapy room as she believes this leads to improved individual and relational wellbeing, while building a stronger sense of self. Cassi creates individualized approaches to therapy for each client to fit their unique internal framework and world view. Through compassion, humor, and curiosity she meets you where you're at and works with you to get you where you want to be. (openings for individual clients, not accepting couples at this time)
Cassi is direct, kind, and authentic with her approach. She encourages authentic expression of self in the therapy room as she believes this leads to improved individual and relational wellbeing, while building a stronger sense of self. Cassi creates individualized approaches to therapy for each client to fit their unique internal framework and world view. Through compassion, humor, and curiosity she meets you where you're at and works with you to get you where you want to be. (openings for individual clients, not accepting couples at this time)
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Photo of Nick Dailey-Arndt, MS, Pre-Licensed Professional
Nick Dailey-Arndt
Pre-Licensed Professional, MS
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
New Brighton, MN 55112
I specialize in working with men who identify as LGBTQIA2S+ who are feeling stuck and are ready to sit with their feelings, and with young adults in their 20s who live with anxiety, depression, and trauma.
I specialize in working with men who identify as LGBTQIA2S+ who are feeling stuck and are ready to sit with their feelings, and with young adults in their 20s who live with anxiety, depression, and trauma.
(651) 371-5932 View (651) 371-5932
Photo of Stacy Smith Donley, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Stacy Smith Donley
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
8 Endorsed
New Brighton, MN 55112
Waitlist for new clients
Figuring out life is not easy, especially if you're trying to do it alone. Feeling heard, understood, and cared for with someone who is authentic & compassionate can be so helpful for your health, happiness, & wellbeing. When I meet with a new client, whether as an individual, or as a couple or family, I support each person so they do not feel alone while sorting out the hard stuff that can get in the way from finding peace. I'm compassionate, understanding, and intuitive & will meet you where you are to ensure a relationship where you feel connected, safe, & empowered. Starting to create a better you is not easy. I'm here to help.
Figuring out life is not easy, especially if you're trying to do it alone. Feeling heard, understood, and cared for with someone who is authentic & compassionate can be so helpful for your health, happiness, & wellbeing. When I meet with a new client, whether as an individual, or as a couple or family, I support each person so they do not feel alone while sorting out the hard stuff that can get in the way from finding peace. I'm compassionate, understanding, and intuitive & will meet you where you are to ensure a relationship where you feel connected, safe, & empowered. Starting to create a better you is not easy. I'm here to help.
(952) 260-0357 View (952) 260-0357
Photo of Lydia Musiimenta Heaney, MS, Pre-Licensed Professional
Lydia Musiimenta Heaney
Pre-Licensed Professional, MS
Verified Verified
New Brighton, MN 55112
In my sessions, I am intentional about offering you a safe space while I be the human who listens with genuine curiosity. I want to walk this unpredictable journey of life alongside you. Life is full of moments, some are joyful, others are depressing and everything in between. All these moments are worth being seen, you are worth being seen and heard. Come in and let us do this life thing together!
In my sessions, I am intentional about offering you a safe space while I be the human who listens with genuine curiosity. I want to walk this unpredictable journey of life alongside you. Life is full of moments, some are joyful, others are depressing and everything in between. All these moments are worth being seen, you are worth being seen and heard. Come in and let us do this life thing together!
(651) 615-3508 View (651) 615-3508
Photo of Jessica Poffenbaugh, MA, Pre-Licensed Professional
Jessica Poffenbaugh
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA
Verified Verified
New Brighton, MN 55112
Do you find yourself feeling overwhelmed and confused by your own reactions to seemingly harmless situations? Are struggling to understand why you act the way you do in relationships? Perhaps you are a concerned parent who has noticed a change in the way your child interacts yet you find yourself unsure of how to help them. This experience can be disorienting and defeating but it doesn't have to be this way forever. Together, we can work to help you find empowerment in your life and develop satisfaction in your relationship with others as well as yourself.
Do you find yourself feeling overwhelmed and confused by your own reactions to seemingly harmless situations? Are struggling to understand why you act the way you do in relationships? Perhaps you are a concerned parent who has noticed a change in the way your child interacts yet you find yourself unsure of how to help them. This experience can be disorienting and defeating but it doesn't have to be this way forever. Together, we can work to help you find empowerment in your life and develop satisfaction in your relationship with others as well as yourself.
(952) 592-3783 View (952) 592-3783
Photo of undefined - Conscious Healing Counseling, Counselor
Conscious Healing Counseling
Counselor
Verified Verified
New Brighton, MN 55112
Deciding to change takes courage. Starting therapy takes courage. Many only call a therapist when they have tried everything they know to do. Others are tired of reaching the same crossroads time and again - whether in our personal lives (with issues such as anxiety, depression, fear), in our relationships (communication, intimacy, etc.), or a past experience that keeps one from living the full life once imagined. Whatever brings you to therapy, Conscious Healing Counseling is happy to discuss the many options available to you and how we can be most helpful.
Deciding to change takes courage. Starting therapy takes courage. Many only call a therapist when they have tried everything they know to do. Others are tired of reaching the same crossroads time and again - whether in our personal lives (with issues such as anxiety, depression, fear), in our relationships (communication, intimacy, etc.), or a past experience that keeps one from living the full life once imagined. Whatever brings you to therapy, Conscious Healing Counseling is happy to discuss the many options available to you and how we can be most helpful.
(651) 321-5962 View (651) 321-5962
Photo of undefined - Biancardi Counseling & Consulting Services, Inc., MA, LP, Psychologist
Biancardi Counseling & Consulting Services, Inc.
Psychologist, MA, LP
Verified Verified
New Brighton, MN 55112
One of things I enjoy about my work as a psychologist, is the privilege of engaging in substantive discussion each day. I am passionate about my work and engaging clients in the process of transformation. I have been described as warm, friendly, and inviting. I typically work with professionals struggling with anxiety and depression. I do a lot of work with men surrounding issues pertaining to men's health and spiritual formation. I also work with couples/marriages and derive great satisfaction in helping people develop greater relational health.
One of things I enjoy about my work as a psychologist, is the privilege of engaging in substantive discussion each day. I am passionate about my work and engaging clients in the process of transformation. I have been described as warm, friendly, and inviting. I typically work with professionals struggling with anxiety and depression. I do a lot of work with men surrounding issues pertaining to men's health and spiritual formation. I also work with couples/marriages and derive great satisfaction in helping people develop greater relational health.
(763) 600-8265 View (763) 600-8265
Photo of Mark Sundby, MDiv, PhD, LP, Psychologist
Mark Sundby
Psychologist, MDiv, PhD, LP
Verified Verified
New Brighton, MN 55112
What would you give to feel satisfied with life again? I can help. Together, we'll implement practices demonstrated by psychological science for over fifty years to be highly effective in restoring peace of mind and offering hope for the future. You will begin to understand how certain thoughts and behaviors interfere with well-being, how others create happiness, and how to consciously choose to live in a way that contributes to greater life satisfaction for yourself and others. I have seen countless lives transformed through learning these straightforward and easy-to-understand techniques. In fact, I practice them myself.
What would you give to feel satisfied with life again? I can help. Together, we'll implement practices demonstrated by psychological science for over fifty years to be highly effective in restoring peace of mind and offering hope for the future. You will begin to understand how certain thoughts and behaviors interfere with well-being, how others create happiness, and how to consciously choose to live in a way that contributes to greater life satisfaction for yourself and others. I have seen countless lives transformed through learning these straightforward and easy-to-understand techniques. In fact, I practice them myself.
(651) 321-5197 View (651) 321-5197
Photo of Sarah Parker, MDiv, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Sarah Parker
Marriage & Family Therapist, MDiv, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
New Brighton, MN 55112  (Online Only)
Sometimes all you need is just an ounce of hope. Maybe it comes from the lifted burden of a listening ear. Maybe it’s a new way to see a situation, or even experiencing an “aha” moment. These hopeful nudges are what fuels my passion for counseling. I work with clients to help achieve these moments so that you will feel better, think clearer, and have a better overall picture of life. As a therapist who has worked with children, adolescents, adults, couples and families, I welcome the opportunity to work with anyone who is willing to risk being vulnerable in order to grow.
Sometimes all you need is just an ounce of hope. Maybe it comes from the lifted burden of a listening ear. Maybe it’s a new way to see a situation, or even experiencing an “aha” moment. These hopeful nudges are what fuels my passion for counseling. I work with clients to help achieve these moments so that you will feel better, think clearer, and have a better overall picture of life. As a therapist who has worked with children, adolescents, adults, couples and families, I welcome the opportunity to work with anyone who is willing to risk being vulnerable in order to grow.
(651) 409-6172 View (651) 409-6172
Photo of Emileah Most, MS, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Emileah Most
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New Brighton, MN 55112
My clients have described me as thoughtful, empathetic, wise, and funny. I am not a bobble-head that will nod along to anything you say and just keep asking you, "and how does that make you feel?" I'm engaged, I'm funny, and I'm direct. I'm kinda like hard candy. I'm sweet and I can deliver challenging things when needed. With creativity and humor, I will guide you to explore other paths and options. I operate from a holistic lens, welcoming the all aspects of you and your family, including sexual orientation, gender expression, racial and cultural messages, religion and spirituality into the therapeutic exploration.
My clients have described me as thoughtful, empathetic, wise, and funny. I am not a bobble-head that will nod along to anything you say and just keep asking you, "and how does that make you feel?" I'm engaged, I'm funny, and I'm direct. I'm kinda like hard candy. I'm sweet and I can deliver challenging things when needed. With creativity and humor, I will guide you to explore other paths and options. I operate from a holistic lens, welcoming the all aspects of you and your family, including sexual orientation, gender expression, racial and cultural messages, religion and spirituality into the therapeutic exploration.
(651) 359-9798 View (651) 359-9798
Photo of Stacy Coleman Symons, PhD, LP, Psychologist
Stacy Coleman Symons
Psychologist, PhD, LP
Verified Verified
New Brighton, MN 55112  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
I work with individuals (adults and adolescents), couples, and families. I enjoy working closely with my clients to treat a wide variety of medical and mental health conditions. My specialty areas include mood and anxiety disorders, trauma, complicated grief, and severe mental illness. I also work to help individuals and families cope with the psychological challenges associated with a variety of acute and chronic medical conditions, including cancer, rare developmental and genetic conditions and organ failure/transplant. I particularly enjoy working with armed forces veterans and their families, as well as members of the LGBTQ+ community and their allies.
I work with individuals (adults and adolescents), couples, and families. I enjoy working closely with my clients to treat a wide variety of medical and mental health conditions. My specialty areas include mood and anxiety disorders, trauma, complicated grief, and severe mental illness. I also work to help individuals and families cope with the psychological challenges associated with a variety of acute and chronic medical conditions, including cancer, rare developmental and genetic conditions and organ failure/transplant. I particularly enjoy working with armed forces veterans and their families, as well as members of the LGBTQ+ community and their allies.
(612) 294-7310 View (612) 294-7310
Photo of Jared Hibma, MA, LPCC, Counselor
Jared Hibma
Counselor, MA, LPCC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
New Brighton, MN 55112
Are you feeling overwhelmed by the challenges of life? Maybe you are a woman who is struggling with anxiety and stress. Or maybe you are a man who does not know how to communicate with those close to you. Or perhaps you are a teen who is struggling with boundaries with your peers or conflict with your family. Whatever you are challenged by or struggling with, having someone come alongside you to navigate through them will help you in finding understanding and working towards healing and change.
Are you feeling overwhelmed by the challenges of life? Maybe you are a woman who is struggling with anxiety and stress. Or maybe you are a man who does not know how to communicate with those close to you. Or perhaps you are a teen who is struggling with boundaries with your peers or conflict with your family. Whatever you are challenged by or struggling with, having someone come alongside you to navigate through them will help you in finding understanding and working towards healing and change.
(651) 867-2998 View (651) 867-2998
Photo of Sheridan Kaatz, BS, Marriage & Family Therapist Intern
Sheridan Kaatz
Marriage & Family Therapist Intern, BS
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New Brighton, MN 55112
I have immediate availability for couples & families. If you are looking for a therapist who is authentic, accessible, curious, and compassionate, we might be a good match! I offer a warm & judgement free space that focuses on strengths to help you achieve your goals. Whether you are new to therapy, or you've been exploring it for some time, I will walk along side you to support you on your journey. It's important that you know you are the expert on your own life & my focus is to meet you where you are at. We can work through life's challenges & give you practical tools for the present while reframing your perspective on the past.
I have immediate availability for couples & families. If you are looking for a therapist who is authentic, accessible, curious, and compassionate, we might be a good match! I offer a warm & judgement free space that focuses on strengths to help you achieve your goals. Whether you are new to therapy, or you've been exploring it for some time, I will walk along side you to support you on your journey. It's important that you know you are the expert on your own life & my focus is to meet you where you are at. We can work through life's challenges & give you practical tools for the present while reframing your perspective on the past.
(651) 615-6089 View (651) 615-6089
Photo of Amy B Johnson, MSW, LICSW, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Amy B Johnson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
New Brighton, MN 55112  (Online Only)
It takes courage to seek out professional help. Good therapy gives clients the ability to recognize their inherent strengths and the healing possibility in their situations. My goal is to create a supportive, therapeutic environment where clients can begin to understand their feelings while discovering the barriers limiting their full potential.
It takes courage to seek out professional help. Good therapy gives clients the ability to recognize their inherent strengths and the healing possibility in their situations. My goal is to create a supportive, therapeutic environment where clients can begin to understand their feelings while discovering the barriers limiting their full potential.
(612) 712-7584 View (612) 712-7584
Photo of Alexis Stone, MHP, Marriage & Family Therapist Intern
Alexis Stone
Marriage & Family Therapist Intern, MHP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New Brighton, MN 55112
If you are looking for a therapist who is present, genuine, and offers a caring and therapeutic space, then we might be a match. I love working with clients who are brand new to therapy and might feel a bit nervous. And clients who have been in therapy previously and may already know what they want out of the experience. Wherever you are on your journey, my mission is to meet you right where you are and walk alongside you to achieve the goals and dreams you have, or perhaps work to develop them altogether. I am also trained in Brainspotting which can be especially powerful for clients with a history of trauma.
If you are looking for a therapist who is present, genuine, and offers a caring and therapeutic space, then we might be a match. I love working with clients who are brand new to therapy and might feel a bit nervous. And clients who have been in therapy previously and may already know what they want out of the experience. Wherever you are on your journey, my mission is to meet you right where you are and walk alongside you to achieve the goals and dreams you have, or perhaps work to develop them altogether. I am also trained in Brainspotting which can be especially powerful for clients with a history of trauma.
(651) 409-3487 View (651) 409-3487
Photo of Benjamin Graham Monseth, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Benjamin Graham Monseth
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New Brighton, MN 55112
I am a practitioner that firmly believes everyone's story matters and deserves a validating, attentive, and non-anxious guiding presence through the hope, support and the healing it desires. I'm a practitioner that utilizes a variety of theories and practices in supporting each client's hopes and needs. I am a practitioner of family systems theory, as well as relational, spiritual and trauma-informed approaches. This means that in addition to assessment, diagnosis, treatment, and utilization of several therapy modalities, I take seriously the intergenerational, relational, spiritual and trauma narrative of each client.
I am a practitioner that firmly believes everyone's story matters and deserves a validating, attentive, and non-anxious guiding presence through the hope, support and the healing it desires. I'm a practitioner that utilizes a variety of theories and practices in supporting each client's hopes and needs. I am a practitioner of family systems theory, as well as relational, spiritual and trauma-informed approaches. This means that in addition to assessment, diagnosis, treatment, and utilization of several therapy modalities, I take seriously the intergenerational, relational, spiritual and trauma narrative of each client.
(763) 230-0131 View (763) 230-0131
Photo of Jenna Hobbs, PsyD, LP, Psychologist
Jenna Hobbs
Psychologist, PsyD, LP
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
New Brighton, MN 55112
I work with adolescents and adults as a collaborative, supportive partner to improve mental health and overall wellbeing. My therapeutic approaches integrate cognitive, behavioral, and insight-focused strategies. This warm and personal style helps clients work through ingrained and unhealthy patterns that keep them stuck in emotional distress and unfulfilling relationships. I have a mindful and holistic perspective, and emphasize integrating mind, body, and spirit in healing. I address many presenting issues in addition to welcoming concerns about physical and mental health. I am trained in clinical hypnosis, and enjoy working creatively to find effective solutions to inspire lasting change.
I work with adolescents and adults as a collaborative, supportive partner to improve mental health and overall wellbeing. My therapeutic approaches integrate cognitive, behavioral, and insight-focused strategies. This warm and personal style helps clients work through ingrained and unhealthy patterns that keep them stuck in emotional distress and unfulfilling relationships. I have a mindful and holistic perspective, and emphasize integrating mind, body, and spirit in healing. I address many presenting issues in addition to welcoming concerns about physical and mental health. I am trained in clinical hypnosis, and enjoy working creatively to find effective solutions to inspire lasting change.
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How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in New Brighton, MN

60+

Average cost per session

$175

Therapists in New Brighton, MN who prioritize treating:

92% Anxiety
81% Depression
80% Relationship Issues
75% Self Esteem
72% Stress
70% Trauma and PTSD
69% Grief

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

89% BlueCross and BlueShield
81% HealthPartners of MN and WI
78% UCare

How Therapists in New Brighton, MN see their clients

80% In Person and Online
20% Online Only

Gender breakdown

75% Female
25% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in New Brighton?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.