Therapists in Mounds View, MN

Photo of John Ferguson, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Mounds View, MN
John Ferguson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified
Mounds View, MN 55112
John is a therapist with 25 years experience as a mental health clinician serving adults, couples, children, adolescents and families. His training from the University of Iowa and Simmons College in Boston offers a strong theoretical grounding in psychodynamic and cognitive behavioral therapy. That is important, but more important is your experience as a client. Our work together will be built upon a helping relationship of trust and understanding. What would it look like? Identifying and solving specific problems; exploring aspects of your "self" and utilizing your strengths; making change that you set as a goal.
John is a therapist with 25 years experience as a mental health clinician serving adults, couples, children, adolescents and families. His training from the University of Iowa and Simmons College in Boston offers a strong theoretical grounding in psychodynamic and cognitive behavioral therapy. That is important, but more important is your experience as a client. Our work together will be built upon a helping relationship of trust and understanding. What would it look like? Identifying and solving specific problems; exploring aspects of your "self" and utilizing your strengths; making change that you set as a goal.
(763) 691-9962 View (763) 691-9962
Photo of Julianne Love, Marriage & Family Therapist in Mounds View, MN
Julianne Love
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT, SEP
Verified
Mounds View, MN 55112  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
One of the sweetest things in all the world is the ability to enjoy yourself when you're with others. Imagine your home as a place where family members find it easy to relax and have a good time with each other. Then imagine that nice feeling radiating out to others with whom you come in contact. You find it easy to forget yourself and be comfortable when you talk to other people. These things are possible. I know. It happened to me.
One of the sweetest things in all the world is the ability to enjoy yourself when you're with others. Imagine your home as a place where family members find it easy to relax and have a good time with each other. Then imagine that nice feeling radiating out to others with whom you come in contact. You find it easy to forget yourself and be comfortable when you talk to other people. These things are possible. I know. It happened to me.
(612) 564-4337 View (612) 564-4337
Photo of Fiona Tranquillo, Pre-Licensed Professional in Mounds View, MN
Fiona Tranquillo
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA, LAMFT
Verified
1 Endorsed
Mounds View, MN 55112
I work with children, adolescents, adults, couples, and families who are facing challenging circumstances, strained relationships, and difficult thoughts, emotions, and behaviors. With a compassionate and warm style, I aim to create a space where clients feel welcome and comfortable to explore those challenges and work collaboratively towards change. My specialities include anxiety, depression, eating disorders, child psychology, family and relational conflict, anger management, and life transitions.
I work with children, adolescents, adults, couples, and families who are facing challenging circumstances, strained relationships, and difficult thoughts, emotions, and behaviors. With a compassionate and warm style, I aim to create a space where clients feel welcome and comfortable to explore those challenges and work collaboratively towards change. My specialities include anxiety, depression, eating disorders, child psychology, family and relational conflict, anger management, and life transitions.
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Photo of Gillian Koch, Counselor in Mounds View, MN
Gillian Koch
Counselor, MEd, LPCC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Mounds View, MN 55112
I specialize in working with women in their 20s-40s who are navigating major life transitions, processing grief and loss, or experiencing anxiety. I am experienced in working with clients navigating religious trauma, including those who identify as LGBTQIA+. I enjoy working with folks in the helping professions (teachers, nurses, physician's assistants, doctors, etc) and with people who identify as highly sensitive. I also have extensive training in peripartum and postpartum mental health and love supporting expecting and new parents of all genders!
I specialize in working with women in their 20s-40s who are navigating major life transitions, processing grief and loss, or experiencing anxiety. I am experienced in working with clients navigating religious trauma, including those who identify as LGBTQIA+. I enjoy working with folks in the helping professions (teachers, nurses, physician's assistants, doctors, etc) and with people who identify as highly sensitive. I also have extensive training in peripartum and postpartum mental health and love supporting expecting and new parents of all genders!
(833) 285-3207 View (833) 285-3207
Photo of Mel Pascoe, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Mounds View, MN
Mel Pascoe
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified
2 Endorsed
Mounds View, MN 55112
I am passionate about working people to help them feel better about themselves, their relationships, and their life! We all struggle sometimes, and choosing therapy is a brave choice. I am always honored to be part of someone’s journey. Together we will work to address the root of any pain or anxiety you are feeling. We will explore where your issues come from, honor your past, while learning new ways to make peace with your present. I will help you learn new ways to cope with your emotions while working to address the deep stuff that is making life feel so hard sometimes.
I am passionate about working people to help them feel better about themselves, their relationships, and their life! We all struggle sometimes, and choosing therapy is a brave choice. I am always honored to be part of someone’s journey. Together we will work to address the root of any pain or anxiety you are feeling. We will explore where your issues come from, honor your past, while learning new ways to make peace with your present. I will help you learn new ways to cope with your emotions while working to address the deep stuff that is making life feel so hard sometimes.
(651) 318-4825 View (651) 318-4825
Photo of Shannon L Richmond, Counselor in Mounds View, MN
Shannon L Richmond
Counselor, MA, LPCC, RPT
Verified
2 Endorsed
Mounds View, MN 55112
Feb 2024: early afternoon openings only. I work with children, teens and young adults who are coping with anxiety, depression and trauma. I use a variety of therapeutic methods in sessions. I like to guide my clients to dig deep to find the underlying reason(s) for the symptoms. Whether you are looking for short term therapy to learn to cope skills, or long term therapy to overcome your symptoms. I can help you on your healing journey.
Feb 2024: early afternoon openings only. I work with children, teens and young adults who are coping with anxiety, depression and trauma. I use a variety of therapeutic methods in sessions. I like to guide my clients to dig deep to find the underlying reason(s) for the symptoms. Whether you are looking for short term therapy to learn to cope skills, or long term therapy to overcome your symptoms. I can help you on your healing journey.
(651) 376-3297 View (651) 376-3297

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Kathy Paige Gullo, Licensed Professional Counselor in Mounds View, MN
Kathy Paige Gullo
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPCC
Verified
New Brighton, MN 55112  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
I truly enjoy working with adults who have a desire to understand their mental health and who are striving to find balance in their lives.
I truly enjoy working with adults who have a desire to understand their mental health and who are striving to find balance in their lives.
(612) 999-2292 View (612) 999-2292
Photo of Jordan Lindh, Psy.D. LP, Psychologist in Mounds View, MN
Jordan Lindh, Psy.D. LP
Psychologist, PsyD, LP
Verified
1 Endorsed
New Brighton, MN 55112
Life is a journey with many surprises and unknowns. I believe we all do the best we can to navigate this journey, but sometimes we get stuck along the way. In my work with individuals and couples, I hope to accompany you on this journey, while promoting new ways of being and relating over time. Previous relationships and experiences greatly impact the way we see the world and how we currently relate to others. Our work together will include increasing awareness around how these factors might be impacting your life today, while exploring new and adaptive ways of relating to self and others.
Life is a journey with many surprises and unknowns. I believe we all do the best we can to navigate this journey, but sometimes we get stuck along the way. In my work with individuals and couples, I hope to accompany you on this journey, while promoting new ways of being and relating over time. Previous relationships and experiences greatly impact the way we see the world and how we currently relate to others. Our work together will include increasing awareness around how these factors might be impacting your life today, while exploring new and adaptive ways of relating to self and others.
(651) 395-7415 View (651) 395-7415
Photo of Kim Surve, Marriage & Family Therapist in Mounds View, MN
Kim Surve
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified
1 Endorsed
New Brighton, MN 55112
I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist and have been working in the field of psychology for 20+ years. I enjoy providing therapy for children, adolescents, and adults. I utilize Experiential Play Therapy to help children recover from trauma and abuse as well as for children experiencing life stressors such as divorce and difficulties at school. I also practice Filial Therapy to strengthen parent-child relationships and reduce difficult behavior such as tantrums and defiance. I am trained in Somatic Experiencing to address symptoms of trauma such as flashbacks, avoidance, anxiety, depression, self-harm, etc.
I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist and have been working in the field of psychology for 20+ years. I enjoy providing therapy for children, adolescents, and adults. I utilize Experiential Play Therapy to help children recover from trauma and abuse as well as for children experiencing life stressors such as divorce and difficulties at school. I also practice Filial Therapy to strengthen parent-child relationships and reduce difficult behavior such as tantrums and defiance. I am trained in Somatic Experiencing to address symptoms of trauma such as flashbacks, avoidance, anxiety, depression, self-harm, etc.
(612) 255-6133 View (612) 255-6133
Photo of Kelsey L McLaughlin, Marriage & Family Therapist in Mounds View, MN
Kelsey L McLaughlin
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified
Saint Paul, MN 55112
Navigating the challenges of life is far from simple. Therapy is an effective. safe, and compassionate space to unfold stress, process pain, and reconnect with what you value. Whether the relationship of focus is with yourself, a partner, a friend, or a family member, relational stress threatens your sense of safety and security in this ever changing world. Reorienting yourself within these relationships and to these struggles makes it possible to restore patterns of hope.
Navigating the challenges of life is far from simple. Therapy is an effective. safe, and compassionate space to unfold stress, process pain, and reconnect with what you value. Whether the relationship of focus is with yourself, a partner, a friend, or a family member, relational stress threatens your sense of safety and security in this ever changing world. Reorienting yourself within these relationships and to these struggles makes it possible to restore patterns of hope.
(612) 662-7310 View (612) 662-7310
Photo of Douglas Drew, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Mounds View, MN
Douglas Drew
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MA, LICSW
Verified
Saint Paul, MN 55112
I offer therapy adapted to the needs of the client. If brief, problem-focused work is needed, I offer it. For clients seeking a fuller understanding of themselves and their personality styles, I provide open-ended, insight-based therapy. Because I recognize each person as a whole, complex individual, I try to see each person and each set of difficulties in context. Proper resolution of problems often requires attention to the complexity--the emotional, physical, cognitive, spiritual, and interpersonal dimensions --of the client's experience. Prevention of future difficulties also ranks high in the priorites of my therapeutic work.
I offer therapy adapted to the needs of the client. If brief, problem-focused work is needed, I offer it. For clients seeking a fuller understanding of themselves and their personality styles, I provide open-ended, insight-based therapy. Because I recognize each person as a whole, complex individual, I try to see each person and each set of difficulties in context. Proper resolution of problems often requires attention to the complexity--the emotional, physical, cognitive, spiritual, and interpersonal dimensions --of the client's experience. Prevention of future difficulties also ranks high in the priorites of my therapeutic work.
(763) 755-7612 View (763) 755-7612
Photo of Addie Michlitsch, Counselor in Mounds View, MN
Addie Michlitsch
Counselor, MA, LPCC, LADC, SEP
Verified
2 Endorsed
Saint Paul, MN 55112
Tired of the same anxiety loops? You've had it with depression and anxiety taking you away from being present. If thinking could rid you of it you would have been freed long ago because you are incredibly insightful. It is time to identify the root issues, confront the pain and fear from the past so you can move forward. It is time to live out your values with integrity and have meaningful connections with yourself, your loved ones and your community.
Tired of the same anxiety loops? You've had it with depression and anxiety taking you away from being present. If thinking could rid you of it you would have been freed long ago because you are incredibly insightful. It is time to identify the root issues, confront the pain and fear from the past so you can move forward. It is time to live out your values with integrity and have meaningful connections with yourself, your loved ones and your community.
(612) 351-6216 View (612) 351-6216
Photo of Vessela Kouneva, Marriage & Family Therapist in Mounds View, MN
Vessela Kouneva
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified
Saint Paul, MN 55126  (Online Only)
OPENINGS for Couple's Therapy! Are you struggling with your relationship? Do you fight and have difficulty communicating with your partner? I understand the pain of feeling judged, shut out and rejected and the fear of losing the most important relationship in you life. I can provide a safe space for you and your partner to ask each other and answer one of the most important questions in relationships: "Are you there for me?" I can help you strengthen your bond and rekindle your passion. Call me for a free 15 minutes consultation.
OPENINGS for Couple's Therapy! Are you struggling with your relationship? Do you fight and have difficulty communicating with your partner? I understand the pain of feeling judged, shut out and rejected and the fear of losing the most important relationship in you life. I can provide a safe space for you and your partner to ask each other and answer one of the most important questions in relationships: "Are you there for me?" I can help you strengthen your bond and rekindle your passion. Call me for a free 15 minutes consultation.
(651) 315-8413 View (651) 315-8413
Photo of Thomas King, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Mounds View, MN
Thomas King
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, MEd, LICSW
Verified
Arden Hills, MN 55112
You work hard and you are normally a positive and proactive person. But lately something is wrong and you find yourself feeling sad, unmotivated, and discouraged. You notice you are more irritable, you don't sleep well, and seem to be stuck in rut. You're marriage or other relationships are not what they used to be and you're job is not fulfilling you anymore. The good news is there are proven strategies to help you feel better and get back to functioning at your best. My approach to therapy and coaching is grounded in Positive Psychology.
You work hard and you are normally a positive and proactive person. But lately something is wrong and you find yourself feeling sad, unmotivated, and discouraged. You notice you are more irritable, you don't sleep well, and seem to be stuck in rut. You're marriage or other relationships are not what they used to be and you're job is not fulfilling you anymore. The good news is there are proven strategies to help you feel better and get back to functioning at your best. My approach to therapy and coaching is grounded in Positive Psychology.
(651) 560-3336 View (651) 560-3336
Photo of Stacy Smith Donley, Marriage & Family Therapist in Mounds View, MN
Stacy Smith Donley
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified
8 Endorsed
New Brighton, MN 55112
Figuring out life is not easy, especially if you're trying to do it alone. Feeling heard, understood, and cared for with someone who is authentic & compassionate can be so helpful for your health, happiness, & wellbeing. When I meet with a new client, whether as an individual, or as a couple or family, I support each person so they do not feel alone while sorting out the hard stuff that can get in the way from finding peace. I'm compassionate, understanding, and intuitive & will meet you where you are to ensure a relationship where you feel connected, safe, & empowered. Starting to create a better you is not easy. I'm here to help.
Figuring out life is not easy, especially if you're trying to do it alone. Feeling heard, understood, and cared for with someone who is authentic & compassionate can be so helpful for your health, happiness, & wellbeing. When I meet with a new client, whether as an individual, or as a couple or family, I support each person so they do not feel alone while sorting out the hard stuff that can get in the way from finding peace. I'm compassionate, understanding, and intuitive & will meet you where you are to ensure a relationship where you feel connected, safe, & empowered. Starting to create a better you is not easy. I'm here to help.
(952) 260-0357 View (952) 260-0357
Photo of Kristen Lund, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Mounds View, MN
Kristen Lund
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified
Shoreview, MN 55126
Hi. I'm Kristen Lund. I have over 28 years of experience providing psychotherapy to individuals, families and groups. I am also the owner of The Art of Validation and Change, LLC. As a person many people find me genuine, humorous and warm. As a therapist many clients find me direct, challenging, compassionate, intuitive and respectful. I enjoy working with male and female adults of many different orientations, races and cultures. If I am full, I have many wonderful therapists on my team that can see you! Check out my website to meet them. www.kristenlund.com They can see clients as young as 6 and as old as 100 years.
Hi. I'm Kristen Lund. I have over 28 years of experience providing psychotherapy to individuals, families and groups. I am also the owner of The Art of Validation and Change, LLC. As a person many people find me genuine, humorous and warm. As a therapist many clients find me direct, challenging, compassionate, intuitive and respectful. I enjoy working with male and female adults of many different orientations, races and cultures. If I am full, I have many wonderful therapists on my team that can see you! Check out my website to meet them. www.kristenlund.com They can see clients as young as 6 and as old as 100 years.
(612) 208-7309 View (612) 208-7309
Photo of Lydia Musiimenta Heaney, Pre-Licensed Professional in Mounds View, MN
Lydia Musiimenta Heaney
Pre-Licensed Professional, MS
Verified
New Brighton, MN 55112
In my sessions, I am intentional about offering you a safe space while I be the human who listens with genuine curiosity. I want to walk this unpredictable journey of life alongside you. Life is full of moments, some are joyful, others are depressing and everything in between. All these moments are worth being seen, you are worth being seen and heard. Come in and let us do this life thing together!
In my sessions, I am intentional about offering you a safe space while I be the human who listens with genuine curiosity. I want to walk this unpredictable journey of life alongside you. Life is full of moments, some are joyful, others are depressing and everything in between. All these moments are worth being seen, you are worth being seen and heard. Come in and let us do this life thing together!
(651) 615-3508 View (651) 615-3508
Photo of Jessica Widboom, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Mounds View, MN
Jessica Widboom
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LGSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
New Brighton, MN 55112
Immediate Openings! I am dedicated to providing a warm and welcoming environment for everyone to explore their feelings and challenges. It is my belief that every person's journey is unique, and I am here to support you in discovering your inner strength, self-confidence, and potential for healing. Together, we will embark on a path of self-exploration and growth, fostering a deeper understanding of yourself and enhancing your overall emotional well-being. I look forward to accompanying you on this transformative journey towards a happier and healthier life through openness, humor, and unconditional positive regard.
Immediate Openings! I am dedicated to providing a warm and welcoming environment for everyone to explore their feelings and challenges. It is my belief that every person's journey is unique, and I am here to support you in discovering your inner strength, self-confidence, and potential for healing. Together, we will embark on a path of self-exploration and growth, fostering a deeper understanding of yourself and enhancing your overall emotional well-being. I look forward to accompanying you on this transformative journey towards a happier and healthier life through openness, humor, and unconditional positive regard.
(651) 877-6597 View (651) 877-6597
Photo of Sarah Parker, Marriage & Family Therapist in Mounds View, MN
Sarah Parker
Marriage & Family Therapist, MDiv, MA, LMFT
Verified
New Brighton, MN 55112  (Online Only)
Sometimes all you need is just an ounce of hope. Maybe it comes from the lifted burden of a listening ear. Maybe it’s a new way to see a situation, or even experiencing an “aha” moment. These hopeful nudges are what fuels my passion for counseling. I work with clients to help achieve these moments so that you will feel better, think clearer, and have a better overall picture of life. As a therapist who has worked with children, adolescents, adults, couples and families, I welcome the opportunity to work with anyone who is willing to risk being vulnerable in order to grow.
Sometimes all you need is just an ounce of hope. Maybe it comes from the lifted burden of a listening ear. Maybe it’s a new way to see a situation, or even experiencing an “aha” moment. These hopeful nudges are what fuels my passion for counseling. I work with clients to help achieve these moments so that you will feel better, think clearer, and have a better overall picture of life. As a therapist who has worked with children, adolescents, adults, couples and families, I welcome the opportunity to work with anyone who is willing to risk being vulnerable in order to grow.
(651) 409-6172 View (651) 409-6172
Photo of Jacob Gerend, Pre-Licensed Professional in Mounds View, MN
Jacob Gerend
Pre-Licensed Professional, MS
Verified
New Brighton, MN 55112
My style of therapy is geared towards helping individuals discover their own inner strength and direction. I have worked with a wide variety of individuals and goals will be individualized based on their own needs. Every individual has a different perspective, and I encourage these differences throughout the therapeutic process. Childhood experiences play a major role in development even as an adult and can frame the way we view the world. The client is meant to play an active role in their therapy and my relationships with every individual will be built on trust, authenticity and transparency.
My style of therapy is geared towards helping individuals discover their own inner strength and direction. I have worked with a wide variety of individuals and goals will be individualized based on their own needs. Every individual has a different perspective, and I encourage these differences throughout the therapeutic process. Childhood experiences play a major role in development even as an adult and can frame the way we view the world. The client is meant to play an active role in their therapy and my relationships with every individual will be built on trust, authenticity and transparency.
(651) 800-9106 View (651) 800-9106

See more therapy options for Mounds View

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Mounds View, MN

< 10

Therapists in Mounds View, MN who prioritize treating:

100% Anxiety
83% Relationship Issues
83% Depression
67% Grief
67% Parenting
67% Trauma and PTSD
67% Family Conflict

Average years in practice

9 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% BlueCross and BlueShield
83% Medica
83% PreferredOne

How Therapists in Mounds View, MN see their clients

84% In Person and Online
16% Online Only

Gender breakdown

80% Female
20% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Mounds View?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.