Therapists in Mahtomedi, MN

Photo of Marissa Hodges, Pre-Licensed Professional in Mahtomedi, MN
Marissa Hodges
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA
Verified
Mahtomedi, MN 55115  (Online Only)
I work with adults seeking support in areas of anxiety, depression, life transitions, self-esteem and relationship concerns. In our work together, my goal is to create an environment where you feel safe being you. I’m there to support you through the highs and lows and bumps along the way. Together, we’ll identify and navigate through the challenges in your life. I will help you learn new skills, gain insights into your thoughts and experiences, and guide you on a path towards achieving your goals.
I work with adults seeking support in areas of anxiety, depression, life transitions, self-esteem and relationship concerns. In our work together, my goal is to create an environment where you feel safe being you. I’m there to support you through the highs and lows and bumps along the way. Together, we’ll identify and navigate through the challenges in your life. I will help you learn new skills, gain insights into your thoughts and experiences, and guide you on a path towards achieving your goals.
(651) 240-2796 x502 View (651) 240-2796 x502
Photo of David Kraai, Pre-Licensed Professional in Mahtomedi, MN
David Kraai
Pre-Licensed Professional, MS
Verified
2 Endorsed
Mahtomedi, MN 55115
Melding my experience in small business, non-profit organizations, and coaching, I am at home with a broad range of individuals of varied backgrounds. I am passionate about relationships and development, and have been told I have a knack for pressing gently but firmly into the rough spaces around seasons of change. I find great joy in helping people lean into the transitional moments of life and find meaning in the ‘stuck' places so they can grow, learn and heal. I tend to bring practical tools to sessions to help my clients build the skills they need to get healed and get on with life and relationships.
Melding my experience in small business, non-profit organizations, and coaching, I am at home with a broad range of individuals of varied backgrounds. I am passionate about relationships and development, and have been told I have a knack for pressing gently but firmly into the rough spaces around seasons of change. I find great joy in helping people lean into the transitional moments of life and find meaning in the ‘stuck' places so they can grow, learn and heal. I tend to bring practical tools to sessions to help my clients build the skills they need to get healed and get on with life and relationships.
(651) 372-3018 View (651) 372-3018
Photo of Barbara J. Bindgen, Psychologist in Mahtomedi, MN
Barbara J. Bindgen
Psychologist, PsyD, LP
Verified
1 Endorsed
Mahtomedi, MN 55115  (Online Only)
Are you having a hard time with new challenges that you’re facing or with tough issues you’ve been struggling with for a while? You may be feeling alone, overwhelmed, and stuck with how to make the changes in your life that you desire. It takes a lot of courage to start talking with someone about deeply personal concerns. If you decide to work with me, you’ll likely find me to be kind, empathetic, non-judgmental, practical, and challenging when it’s helpful.
Are you having a hard time with new challenges that you’re facing or with tough issues you’ve been struggling with for a while? You may be feeling alone, overwhelmed, and stuck with how to make the changes in your life that you desire. It takes a lot of courage to start talking with someone about deeply personal concerns. If you decide to work with me, you’ll likely find me to be kind, empathetic, non-judgmental, practical, and challenging when it’s helpful.
(651) 360-1680 View (651) 360-1680
Photo of Laura Lambert, Counselor in Mahtomedi, MN
Laura Lambert
Counselor, MA, LPCC, RPT
Verified
Mahtomedi, MN 55115
Sometimes life can knock us down, feel overwhelming, or things can just feel off. No matter what brought you here, I have hope that we can find the path to where you want to be. My goal is to provide a space where you feel safe, heard, and accepted. As we work together, we can collaboratively find approachable goals and techniques to meet your unique wants and needs. For this work, I believe a strong therapeutic relationship is necessary. In our time together, you can expect curiosity, humor, and compassion. Whether your concerns are new, or they have followed you a long time, together we can find ways to seek healing.
Sometimes life can knock us down, feel overwhelming, or things can just feel off. No matter what brought you here, I have hope that we can find the path to where you want to be. My goal is to provide a space where you feel safe, heard, and accepted. As we work together, we can collaboratively find approachable goals and techniques to meet your unique wants and needs. For this work, I believe a strong therapeutic relationship is necessary. In our time together, you can expect curiosity, humor, and compassion. Whether your concerns are new, or they have followed you a long time, together we can find ways to seek healing.
(651) 661-5351 View (651) 661-5351
Photo of Bailey Peterson, Marriage & Family Therapist in Mahtomedi, MN
Bailey Peterson
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified
2 Endorsed
Mahtomedi, MN 55115  (Online Only)
Hi there! Relationships can be hard work and sometimes you need someone from the outside to help you wade through and process what is currently happening! I would be honored to assist in communication issues, navigating through challenges, and exploring sex/ intimacy concerns! I will help you have those tough conversations, and realize your goals! I'll meet you where you're at and focus on what you want and need during our time together! I welcome clients from all walks of life and can't wait to help you individually or as a couple!
Hi there! Relationships can be hard work and sometimes you need someone from the outside to help you wade through and process what is currently happening! I would be honored to assist in communication issues, navigating through challenges, and exploring sex/ intimacy concerns! I will help you have those tough conversations, and realize your goals! I'll meet you where you're at and focus on what you want and need during our time together! I welcome clients from all walks of life and can't wait to help you individually or as a couple!
(651) 383-2505 View (651) 383-2505
Photo of Katelyn Schwartz, Counselor in Mahtomedi, MN
Katelyn Schwartz
Counselor, MA, LPCC
Verified
Mahtomedi, MN 55115  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
I am passionate about helping clients develop insight and self-awareness so they better understand how to improve their overall wellbeing. I utilize an integrative, non-judgmental approach to psychotherapy focusing on the collaboration of the counselor and the client. I use a variety of models including person-centered therapy, attachment-focused, acceptance and commitment therapy, and trauma-informed therapies.
I am passionate about helping clients develop insight and self-awareness so they better understand how to improve their overall wellbeing. I utilize an integrative, non-judgmental approach to psychotherapy focusing on the collaboration of the counselor and the client. I use a variety of models including person-centered therapy, attachment-focused, acceptance and commitment therapy, and trauma-informed therapies.
(612) 400-8396 View (612) 400-8396
Photo of Natale Garrity, Psychologist in Mahtomedi, MN
Natale Garrity
Psychologist, PsyD, LP
Verified
9 Endorsed
Mahtomedi, MN 55115
Are you feeling overwhelmed, stressed, or unhappy? Perhaps you've had some recent challenges. You used to be able to handle it all, but lately it hasn’t been as easy. Are you eager to feel better, but not sure where to start? I’m here to help! I know it can be a little scary to start therapy and share your challenges with someone you just met. I totally get it! That's why I provide a compassionate and nonjudgmental space that allows you to be yourself and make necessary changes. Together we will work to identify unhelpful patterns that might be keeping you stuck. I want you to feel seen, heard and supported.
Are you feeling overwhelmed, stressed, or unhappy? Perhaps you've had some recent challenges. You used to be able to handle it all, but lately it hasn’t been as easy. Are you eager to feel better, but not sure where to start? I’m here to help! I know it can be a little scary to start therapy and share your challenges with someone you just met. I totally get it! That's why I provide a compassionate and nonjudgmental space that allows you to be yourself and make necessary changes. Together we will work to identify unhelpful patterns that might be keeping you stuck. I want you to feel seen, heard and supported.
(651) 427-1277 View (651) 427-1277
Photo of Jessica Dresden, Psychologist in Mahtomedi, MN
Jessica Dresden
Psychologist, PsyD, LP
Verified
2 Endorsed
Mahtomedi, MN 55115
Hello! I am so glad you are taking the first steps in seeking support. In our work together you can expect me to be down to earth, kind, and personable. Together we will identify practical, concrete solutions to address your concerns while processing and working through deeper issues or stressors that are keeping you stuck. I will both challenge and support you. I am upfront and open with my clients in a gentle way and I flex my approach based upon your unique needs.
Hello! I am so glad you are taking the first steps in seeking support. In our work together you can expect me to be down to earth, kind, and personable. Together we will identify practical, concrete solutions to address your concerns while processing and working through deeper issues or stressors that are keeping you stuck. I will both challenge and support you. I am upfront and open with my clients in a gentle way and I flex my approach based upon your unique needs.
(651) 571-8204 View (651) 571-8204
Photo of Sierra Claeson, Marriage & Family Therapist in Mahtomedi, MN
Sierra Claeson
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified
1 Endorsed
Mahtomedi, MN 55115  (Online Only)
Hello! I'm currently accepting new clients! I’m glad you’re here! Reading therapist bios and reaching out for therapy takes an enormous amount of courage and so proud of you for taking that first step! My job as your therapist is to help you navigate distress- while discovering worthiness, purpose and meaning in your life. I will gently push you towards your goals, and challenge you at times, in a way that feels supportive and kind. I will work from the perspective of your values, to help you move through stressors with awareness and insight. Working on this will guide you on a safe and nurturing journey that is well-worth taking!
Hello! I'm currently accepting new clients! I’m glad you’re here! Reading therapist bios and reaching out for therapy takes an enormous amount of courage and so proud of you for taking that first step! My job as your therapist is to help you navigate distress- while discovering worthiness, purpose and meaning in your life. I will gently push you towards your goals, and challenge you at times, in a way that feels supportive and kind. I will work from the perspective of your values, to help you move through stressors with awareness and insight. Working on this will guide you on a safe and nurturing journey that is well-worth taking!
(763) 225-1691 View (763) 225-1691
Photo of Julie Kraai, Marriage & Family Therapist in Mahtomedi, MN
Julie Kraai
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified
Mahtomedi, MN 55115
Waitlist for new clients
I like to do relational work with partners and individuals--trying to navigate how to be in relationship with others can be really stressful and feel impossible. Common issues I work with are boundaries, communication, infidelity, maternal mental health, new parenting dynamics, self-esteem, family-of-origin issues, deconstructing and reconstructing faith, tools for a better relationship, and small "t" and big "T" traumas.
I like to do relational work with partners and individuals--trying to navigate how to be in relationship with others can be really stressful and feel impossible. Common issues I work with are boundaries, communication, infidelity, maternal mental health, new parenting dynamics, self-esteem, family-of-origin issues, deconstructing and reconstructing faith, tools for a better relationship, and small "t" and big "T" traumas.
(651) 505-3201 View (651) 505-3201
Photo of Jennifer Schertz, Counselor in Mahtomedi, MN
Jennifer Schertz
Counselor, MEd, LPCC
Verified
Mahtomedi, MN 55115
We often fall into old patterns that don't work for us any longer. We can feel stuck. We don't know how to make changes or what to do. Sometimes it is necessary to share your story with someone who can be objective and give you an alternative perspective. I will strive to give you the knowledge and skills to make these changes in a healthy and God-like manner. We will work together, at your pace and comfort level, to develop goals to improve your life. We will work to give your life balance in all areas.
We often fall into old patterns that don't work for us any longer. We can feel stuck. We don't know how to make changes or what to do. Sometimes it is necessary to share your story with someone who can be objective and give you an alternative perspective. I will strive to give you the knowledge and skills to make these changes in a healthy and God-like manner. We will work together, at your pace and comfort level, to develop goals to improve your life. We will work to give your life balance in all areas.
(651) 376-3988 View (651) 376-3988
Photo of Clayton D Sankey LICSW LLC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Mahtomedi, MN
Clayton D Sankey LICSW LLC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW, BCD
Verified
Mahtomedi, MN 55115
Waitlist for new clients
Throughout my career the hallmark of my practice has been that I work with difficult and complex issues. I am currently helping people ranging in age from ten to 80 years old. My strengths are discernment, empathy and responsiveness and my treatment is based on whole life developmental theories and strength focused crisis management. I specialize in treating oppositional, defiant kids and their families, and adults facing overwhelming emotional conflict and relational situations. If you wish, I will work closely with your family physician, psychiatrist, school personnel, minister, or family members.
Throughout my career the hallmark of my practice has been that I work with difficult and complex issues. I am currently helping people ranging in age from ten to 80 years old. My strengths are discernment, empathy and responsiveness and my treatment is based on whole life developmental theories and strength focused crisis management. I specialize in treating oppositional, defiant kids and their families, and adults facing overwhelming emotional conflict and relational situations. If you wish, I will work closely with your family physician, psychiatrist, school personnel, minister, or family members.
(651) 252-1950 View (651) 252-1950
Photo of Julie A. Kaufman, Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor in Mahtomedi, MN
Julie A. Kaufman
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, MA, LPCC
Verified
Mahtomedi, MN 55115  (Online Only)
I am dedicated to helping others re-experience themselves. While we all experience struggles, there are times when managing them can be more difficult. Feelings of vulnerability, shame, and fear can easily become chains that hold us down. We begin to give away our power by allowing others to decide how we experience ourselves, our relationships, and our lives. We use food, emotions, behaviors, alcohol, and drugs hoping to protect ourselves. In these attempts we surrender even more power. The energy we once used to live in love, abundance, and wellness is no longer available: as a limited resource, it's now all used up.
I am dedicated to helping others re-experience themselves. While we all experience struggles, there are times when managing them can be more difficult. Feelings of vulnerability, shame, and fear can easily become chains that hold us down. We begin to give away our power by allowing others to decide how we experience ourselves, our relationships, and our lives. We use food, emotions, behaviors, alcohol, and drugs hoping to protect ourselves. In these attempts we surrender even more power. The energy we once used to live in love, abundance, and wellness is no longer available: as a limited resource, it's now all used up.
(651) 433-6074 View (651) 433-6074
Photo of Kris Anderson, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in Mahtomedi, MN
Kris Anderson
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA, LAMFT
Verified
1 Endorsed
Mahtomedi, MN 55115
I believe that peace on earth starts with peace in the home. I'm able to help adults, couples, and families find this peace by using healthy communication techniques, recognize their emotions and heal from past pain. This helps clients foster deeper connections in their relationships and within themselves. I work with couples needing support with communication, conflict resolution and gaining trust. I help parents establish loving limits with their children to help them learn while also maintaining connection. I can help clients cope with anxiety, depression, trauma, and postpartum.
I believe that peace on earth starts with peace in the home. I'm able to help adults, couples, and families find this peace by using healthy communication techniques, recognize their emotions and heal from past pain. This helps clients foster deeper connections in their relationships and within themselves. I work with couples needing support with communication, conflict resolution and gaining trust. I help parents establish loving limits with their children to help them learn while also maintaining connection. I can help clients cope with anxiety, depression, trauma, and postpartum.
(651) 967-7892 View (651) 967-7892
Photo of Dan Hinderaker, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Mahtomedi, MN
Dan Hinderaker
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Mahtomedi, MN 55115
Hello! As a psychotherapist, I will strive to connect with you, support you, and help you identify and achieve your goals. Therapy can be as simple as learning new tools, or it can be a more complex and deeper process. For example, anxiety and depression can be indicators of deeper wounds or that a person has gone off course in some way. In either case, working with me is a dance between treating problems and building on strengths. Whatever the nature of your therapy, I believe everyone has the power to heal, grow, and reach their full potential emotionally, intellectually and physically.
Hello! As a psychotherapist, I will strive to connect with you, support you, and help you identify and achieve your goals. Therapy can be as simple as learning new tools, or it can be a more complex and deeper process. For example, anxiety and depression can be indicators of deeper wounds or that a person has gone off course in some way. In either case, working with me is a dance between treating problems and building on strengths. Whatever the nature of your therapy, I believe everyone has the power to heal, grow, and reach their full potential emotionally, intellectually and physically.
(651) 571-4841 View (651) 571-4841
Photo of Emerging Adult Counseling, Marriage & Family Therapist in Mahtomedi, MN
Emerging Adult Counseling
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified
Mahtomedi, MN 55115
Not accepting new clients
Do you feel anxious and unsure of yourself? Does Anxiety or Depression or another mental health issue stop you from living the life you desire? Or maybe you have a disability on top of all this and want to go to college, have a career or live independently but don't know where to start. You can feel better and have the confidence to go after your goals. Give me a call or email me and we'll talk about how Counseling with me I can help you achieve your dreams and live a satisfying life! Call or email me today!
Do you feel anxious and unsure of yourself? Does Anxiety or Depression or another mental health issue stop you from living the life you desire? Or maybe you have a disability on top of all this and want to go to college, have a career or live independently but don't know where to start. You can feel better and have the confidence to go after your goals. Give me a call or email me and we'll talk about how Counseling with me I can help you achieve your dreams and live a satisfying life! Call or email me today!
(612) 800-0681 View (612) 800-0681
Photo of Wholehearted Healing LLC in Mahtomedi, MN
Wholehearted Healing LLC
DMFT, LPCC
Verified
Mahtomedi, MN 55115
“Wholehearted living is about engaging with our lives from a place of worthiness. It means cultivating the courage, compassion, and connection to wake up in the morning and think, ‘No matter what gets done and how much is left undone, I am enough.’” -Brene Brown
“Wholehearted living is about engaging with our lives from a place of worthiness. It means cultivating the courage, compassion, and connection to wake up in the morning and think, ‘No matter what gets done and how much is left undone, I am enough.’” -Brene Brown
(651) 571-8129 View (651) 571-8129
Photo of Natalie Wasiluk, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Mahtomedi, MN
Natalie Wasiluk
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified
Mahtomedi, MN 55115
I offer an individualized approach to psychotherapy, drawing from over a decade of experience working with depression, anxiety, trauma, emotion dysregulation, and problems in relationships. I've completed advanced training in a variety of evidence-based interventions, such as cognitive-behavioral, dialectical-behavioral, interpersonal, and compassion-focused therapies, as well as training in mind-body and somatic practices, to help meet the diverse needs of my clientele. I have a passion for helping clients develop healthy relationships while pursuing recovery from experiences of trauma, moral injury, and shame.
I offer an individualized approach to psychotherapy, drawing from over a decade of experience working with depression, anxiety, trauma, emotion dysregulation, and problems in relationships. I've completed advanced training in a variety of evidence-based interventions, such as cognitive-behavioral, dialectical-behavioral, interpersonal, and compassion-focused therapies, as well as training in mind-body and somatic practices, to help meet the diverse needs of my clientele. I have a passion for helping clients develop healthy relationships while pursuing recovery from experiences of trauma, moral injury, and shame.
(651) 661-4022 View (651) 661-4022
Photo of Jamie Nupen, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Mahtomedi, MN
Jamie Nupen
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW, LCSW
Verified
Mahtomedi, MN 55115
Not accepting new clients
Jamie strongly believes that every person deserves to live a life that is fulfilling and meaningful. Within all of us, there is the capacity for awareness, change and healing. Through compassion, collaboration and guidance, she assists her clients in understanding and changing their maladaptive behaviors so they can lead happier and healthier lives.
Jamie strongly believes that every person deserves to live a life that is fulfilling and meaningful. Within all of us, there is the capacity for awareness, change and healing. Through compassion, collaboration and guidance, she assists her clients in understanding and changing their maladaptive behaviors so they can lead happier and healthier lives.
(651) 359-9523 View (651) 359-9523
Photo of Molly Burke, Pre-Licensed Professional in Mahtomedi, MN
Molly Burke
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA
Verified
1 Endorsed
Mahtomedi, MN 55115
I'm currently accepting new clients and have immediate openings. My ideal client is someone who is ready to collaborate on meeting their goals! As the therapist, I'm not the 'leader' or 'expert' — I'm a co-pilot or a gentle guide in a client's therapy experience. If something isn't working (or even better, if something is!) I appreciate an open dialogue and willingness to try something different/new.
I'm currently accepting new clients and have immediate openings. My ideal client is someone who is ready to collaborate on meeting their goals! As the therapist, I'm not the 'leader' or 'expert' — I'm a co-pilot or a gentle guide in a client's therapy experience. If something isn't working (or even better, if something is!) I appreciate an open dialogue and willingness to try something different/new.
(651) 372-3380 View (651) 372-3380

See more therapy options for Mahtomedi

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Mahtomedi, MN

20+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in Mahtomedi, MN who prioritize treating:

95% Anxiety
90% Depression
90% Self Esteem
86% Relationship Issues
86% Coping Skills
81% Life Transitions
71% Stress

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

93% BlueCross and BlueShield
93% HealthPartners of MN and WI
87% PreferredOne

How Therapists in Mahtomedi, MN see their clients

72% In Person and Online
28% Online Only

Gender breakdown

84% Female
16% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Mahtomedi?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.