Therapists in Hibbing, MN

Photo of Charlene Colwell, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Hibbing, MN
Charlene Colwell
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified Verified
Hibbing, MN 55746  (Online Only)
Primary Therapy approaches: IFS, ERP, and EMDR. I also provide consultation for OCD therapy providers. Do you feel anxious, stressed, perfectionistic, self critical, bothered by repetitive anxious thoughts or stuck in past painful memories and hurts? Do you want to learn how to experience more peace, calm, and clarity on the inside so you can live more authentically, confidently, and compassionately? When working together in therapy we will explore your personal goals as well as aim towards you having a better relationship with yourself to live a more harmonious and peaceful life.
Primary Therapy approaches: IFS, ERP, and EMDR. I also provide consultation for OCD therapy providers. Do you feel anxious, stressed, perfectionistic, self critical, bothered by repetitive anxious thoughts or stuck in past painful memories and hurts? Do you want to learn how to experience more peace, calm, and clarity on the inside so you can live more authentically, confidently, and compassionately? When working together in therapy we will explore your personal goals as well as aim towards you having a better relationship with yourself to live a more harmonious and peaceful life.
(218) 297-7679 View (218) 297-7679
Photo of Kind Mind Counseling Center, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Hibbing, MN
Kind Mind Counseling Center
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Hibbing, MN 55746
Kind Mind reserves the right to be exceptionally kind ​regardless of gender, age, race, religion, ethnicity, past actions, political outlook, sexual orientation, social status, class, appearance, language, or occupation. Kind Mind Center believes in the innate ability of all people to reach their fullest potential as a creative, compassionate, and conscious being. Kind Mind Center provides dedicated and professional integrative health, mental health & substance abuse therapeutic services with a person-centered professional approach, serving all people, from all walks of life, with compassion, dignity & respect.
Kind Mind reserves the right to be exceptionally kind ​regardless of gender, age, race, religion, ethnicity, past actions, political outlook, sexual orientation, social status, class, appearance, language, or occupation. Kind Mind Center believes in the innate ability of all people to reach their fullest potential as a creative, compassionate, and conscious being. Kind Mind Center provides dedicated and professional integrative health, mental health & substance abuse therapeutic services with a person-centered professional approach, serving all people, from all walks of life, with compassion, dignity & respect.
(218) 748-8750 View (218) 748-8750
Photo of Darra Bonham, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Hibbing, MN
Darra Bonham
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified Verified
Hibbing, MN 55746  (Online Only)
Hello, I work at Kind Mind Counseling Center. I am in person every other Monday and Telehealth Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursdays. I am Native American and believe in a holistic approach to healing. When envisioning my ideal client, I am drawn to individuals who are on a journey of self-discovery and seeking to reconnect with their authentic selves. These individuals may be grappling with feelings of disconnection, inner conflict, or a sense of not fully knowing themselves. They may have reached a point in their lives where they yearn for greater alignment between their actions and their core beliefs and values. I am
Hello, I work at Kind Mind Counseling Center. I am in person every other Monday and Telehealth Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursdays. I am Native American and believe in a holistic approach to healing. When envisioning my ideal client, I am drawn to individuals who are on a journey of self-discovery and seeking to reconnect with their authentic selves. These individuals may be grappling with feelings of disconnection, inner conflict, or a sense of not fully knowing themselves. They may have reached a point in their lives where they yearn for greater alignment between their actions and their core beliefs and values. I am
(218) 274-8358 View (218) 274-8358
Photo of Wellness Within Holistic Psychotherapy, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Hibbing, MN
Wellness Within Holistic Psychotherapy
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, DSW, MSW, LICSW
Verified Verified
Hibbing, MN 55746  (Online Only)
Welcome to my psychotherapy practice, where I am committed to helping you on your journey towards self-discovery and wellness. I provide a safe, non-judgmental space for you to explore yourself and make positive changes. My approach is rooted in social work values. I believe that understanding how your environment influences your experience and the challenges you face is essential to providing effective treatment. Respecting your inherent dignity and autonomy is crucial to my practice. I empower you to make decisions aligned with your values and goals.
Welcome to my psychotherapy practice, where I am committed to helping you on your journey towards self-discovery and wellness. I provide a safe, non-judgmental space for you to explore yourself and make positive changes. My approach is rooted in social work values. I believe that understanding how your environment influences your experience and the challenges you face is essential to providing effective treatment. Respecting your inherent dignity and autonomy is crucial to my practice. I empower you to make decisions aligned with your values and goals.
(218) 403-2101 View (218) 403-2101
Photo of Laura Eustice, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Hibbing, MN
Laura Eustice
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MA, MSW, LGSW
Verified Verified
Hibbing, MN 55746  (Online Only)
Laura holds graduate degrees from Boston University and the University of Galway. She is interested in the intersections of culture and psychology and is currently working on doctoral research in that area. Aside from psychotherapy with individuals, Laura has worked as a counselor in a variety of settings within community mental health for over 20 years. She has experience treating most issues, as well as working with folks from a wide range of backgrounds and abilities. She strives to provide a welcoming, supportive, judgment-free environment for all. Laura is interested in culturally-competent, holistic care.
Laura holds graduate degrees from Boston University and the University of Galway. She is interested in the intersections of culture and psychology and is currently working on doctoral research in that area. Aside from psychotherapy with individuals, Laura has worked as a counselor in a variety of settings within community mental health for over 20 years. She has experience treating most issues, as well as working with folks from a wide range of backgrounds and abilities. She strives to provide a welcoming, supportive, judgment-free environment for all. Laura is interested in culturally-competent, holistic care.
(218) 526-2499 View (218) 526-2499
Photo of Well, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Hibbing, MN
Well
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW, LMFT
Verified Verified
Hibbing, MN 55746  (Online Only)
Well was created with the purpose of helping individuals, couples, and families grow independently and as a whole.  We realize that life has its challenges and can sometimes feel overwhelming and unrelenting, which may leave us feeling hopeless.  Other times life may have us feeling stuck and needing someone to walk along side us as we seek understanding.  
Well was created with the purpose of helping individuals, couples, and families grow independently and as a whole.  We realize that life has its challenges and can sometimes feel overwhelming and unrelenting, which may leave us feeling hopeless.  Other times life may have us feeling stuck and needing someone to walk along side us as we seek understanding.  
(218) 322-1293 View (218) 322-1293
Photo of Janine A Hill, Marriage & Family Therapist in Hibbing, MN
Janine A Hill
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
Hibbing, MN 55746
In the last 24 years I have worked with clients who have sought to make changes in their lives. I have extensive experience in the areas of depression, anxiety, trauma, life transitions, relationship issues and grief and loss. My passion is helping individuals, families and couples find ways which support the desired growth and change they are seeking. I focus on individual, couple or family strengths brought into sessions as a building place for the onset of healing and change to take place. My collaborative and straightforward approach with clients has empowered them to take needed steps to achieve their goals.
In the last 24 years I have worked with clients who have sought to make changes in their lives. I have extensive experience in the areas of depression, anxiety, trauma, life transitions, relationship issues and grief and loss. My passion is helping individuals, families and couples find ways which support the desired growth and change they are seeking. I focus on individual, couple or family strengths brought into sessions as a building place for the onset of healing and change to take place. My collaborative and straightforward approach with clients has empowered them to take needed steps to achieve their goals.
(218) 228-0016 View (218) 228-0016
Photo of Roni Horak, Counselor in Hibbing, MN
Roni Horak
Counselor, LPCC, MSEd
Verified Verified
Hibbing, MN 55746
Providing a safe and therapeutic environment for people to explore options for a happy and healthier life for themselves and the people they love is the cornerstone of my approach to therapy. I strive to provide quality services for people of all ages, groups, and family units that embrace a solution-focused model. With an extensive professional background working with children and families as a therapist and manager of the Adult, Children, Family, and Respite services, my experience has equipped many different approaches to your therapeutic process. Experiential and innovative forms of therapy including Equine Assisted Therapy.
Providing a safe and therapeutic environment for people to explore options for a happy and healthier life for themselves and the people they love is the cornerstone of my approach to therapy. I strive to provide quality services for people of all ages, groups, and family units that embrace a solution-focused model. With an extensive professional background working with children and families as a therapist and manager of the Adult, Children, Family, and Respite services, my experience has equipped many different approaches to your therapeutic process. Experiential and innovative forms of therapy including Equine Assisted Therapy.
(218) 325-9107 View (218) 325-9107
Photo of Jonathan Speare, Psychologist in Hibbing, MN
Jonathan Speare
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Hibbing, MN 55746
Not accepting new clients
I have extensive experience providing psychotherapy and counseling to people struggling with addictions and trauma and to those dealing with acute and chronic pain, as well as decades of experience using both traditional and nontraditional or holistic approaches to treat such problems as anxiety, depression, and shame.
I have extensive experience providing psychotherapy and counseling to people struggling with addictions and trauma and to those dealing with acute and chronic pain, as well as decades of experience using both traditional and nontraditional or holistic approaches to treat such problems as anxiety, depression, and shame.
(218) 203-3860 View (218) 203-3860
Photo of Jennifer Elmberg, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Hibbing, MN
Jennifer Elmberg
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Hibbing, MN 55746
As a Licensed Independent Clinical Social Worker (LICSW), I am deeply committed to supporting individuals and couples on their journey towards healing and self-discovery. I work with individuals aged 13 and older who struggle with symptoms related to unresolved trauma, anxiety disorders, depressive disorders, and OCD. I create a safe and compassionate space where individuals can explore their innermost thoughts and emotions. My goal is to empower clients to tap into their inner resilience and cultivate a sense of wholeness.
As a Licensed Independent Clinical Social Worker (LICSW), I am deeply committed to supporting individuals and couples on their journey towards healing and self-discovery. I work with individuals aged 13 and older who struggle with symptoms related to unresolved trauma, anxiety disorders, depressive disorders, and OCD. I create a safe and compassionate space where individuals can explore their innermost thoughts and emotions. My goal is to empower clients to tap into their inner resilience and cultivate a sense of wholeness.
(218) 392-1606 View (218) 392-1606
Photo of Leah Pillsbury, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Hibbing, MN
Leah Pillsbury
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Hibbing, MN 55746  (Online Only)
Life throws a lot our way and sometimes it can be hard to know how to handle it all. Most of us were never taught the tools to manage emotional and mental challenges, which can lead to anxiety and depression. Let me help you uncover what’s keeping you from living your best life! I have a unique ability to relate to my clients on a personal level. I view therapy as a collaborative process that can lead to growth. My style includes authenticity, humor, warmth, and provides a safe space for my clients to feel welcomed, heard and validated. I am a safe place to land each week. Let me help carry the weight!
Life throws a lot our way and sometimes it can be hard to know how to handle it all. Most of us were never taught the tools to manage emotional and mental challenges, which can lead to anxiety and depression. Let me help you uncover what’s keeping you from living your best life! I have a unique ability to relate to my clients on a personal level. I view therapy as a collaborative process that can lead to growth. My style includes authenticity, humor, warmth, and provides a safe space for my clients to feel welcomed, heard and validated. I am a safe place to land each week. Let me help carry the weight!
(612) 429-4265 View (612) 429-4265

Online Therapists

Photo of Kristy L Heidenreich, Counselor in Hibbing, MN
Kristy L Heidenreich
Counselor, MSEd, LPC-IT, (WI)
Verified Verified
Duluth, MN 55802
Our world is complex and navigating it can feel overwhelming. The only constant is change and sometimes it can be hard to know what’s next. Is it any surprise that we sometimes get stuck? I work with couples, individuals, and families and help them work through difficult times by creating new paths.
Our world is complex and navigating it can feel overwhelming. The only constant is change and sometimes it can be hard to know what’s next. Is it any surprise that we sometimes get stuck? I work with couples, individuals, and families and help them work through difficult times by creating new paths.
(218) 558-0127 View (218) 558-0127
Photo of Savannah Johnson, Pre-Licensed Professional in Hibbing, MN
Savannah Johnson
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA, LAMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Duluth, MN 55802
Our journey through life can be difficult and scary. As a therapist and as a human being, I want you to feel welcomed, safe, and heard. I value the importance of creating a non-judgemental, open space where everyone can share their vulnerabilities, struggles, resiliency, and stories. Everyone has their own unique story. Our stories are what makes us who we are. You are truly the expert of your own life, and I will walk alongside you, listen with empathy, and meet you where you are at. You do not have to face it alone.
Our journey through life can be difficult and scary. As a therapist and as a human being, I want you to feel welcomed, safe, and heard. I value the importance of creating a non-judgemental, open space where everyone can share their vulnerabilities, struggles, resiliency, and stories. Everyone has their own unique story. Our stories are what makes us who we are. You are truly the expert of your own life, and I will walk alongside you, listen with empathy, and meet you where you are at. You do not have to face it alone.
(218) 379-4024 View (218) 379-4024
Photo of Rebecca Oachs, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Hibbing, MN
Rebecca Oachs
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified Verified
Hermantown, MN 55811
As a therapist, I educate on coping skills and provide insight on changing negative/anxious thought patterns. My focus is not to provide every answer but to give you room for reflection and openness to considering/identifying alternative perspectives. I strive to be an excellent critical listener, holding hope for your growth and change while providing non-judgmental acceptance. My work is strengths-based: focusing on positives while balancing/considering current difficulties and desired changes. I feel my strengths lie in treating anxiety, depression and OCD although I provide services for a wide range of diagnoses.
As a therapist, I educate on coping skills and provide insight on changing negative/anxious thought patterns. My focus is not to provide every answer but to give you room for reflection and openness to considering/identifying alternative perspectives. I strive to be an excellent critical listener, holding hope for your growth and change while providing non-judgmental acceptance. My work is strengths-based: focusing on positives while balancing/considering current difficulties and desired changes. I feel my strengths lie in treating anxiety, depression and OCD although I provide services for a wide range of diagnoses.
(218) 282-4470 View (218) 282-4470
September Prushek
MS
Verified Verified
Baxter, MN 56425
September is a compassionate and authentic clinician who approaches each session with a strengths-based and client-centered approach. She is often described as creating an open and warm atmosphere for clients to share their unique stories. But fear not! Expect delicate and challenging nudges toward personal awareness and growth intertwined throughout the therapeutic experience. September believes each individual has an inner wisdom and intuition creating space to tap into this knowledge of self, connection with others, and her clients' meaning within the world.
September is a compassionate and authentic clinician who approaches each session with a strengths-based and client-centered approach. She is often described as creating an open and warm atmosphere for clients to share their unique stories. But fear not! Expect delicate and challenging nudges toward personal awareness and growth intertwined throughout the therapeutic experience. September believes each individual has an inner wisdom and intuition creating space to tap into this knowledge of self, connection with others, and her clients' meaning within the world.
(218) 300-2144 View (218) 300-2144
Photo of Brooke Borst, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Hibbing, MN
Brooke Borst
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LGSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Sandstone, MN 55072
I work with adults ages 18+, I am experienced in working with clients who are experiencing depression, anxiety, Trauma, addiction, and many other mental health struggles. I work from a person-centered approach, and I will work with each individual to meet their mental health goals.
I work with adults ages 18+, I am experienced in working with clients who are experiencing depression, anxiety, Trauma, addiction, and many other mental health struggles. I work from a person-centered approach, and I will work with each individual to meet their mental health goals.
(320) 441-1105 View (320) 441-1105
Photo of Inner Fokus, Psychologist in Hibbing, MN
Inner Fokus
Psychologist
Not Verified Not Verified
Duluth, MN 55802
More than just a way to capture attention, the spelling of Inner Fōkus also carries a personal meaning to the founders. The name is a nod to the German heritage shared by both Dr. Lori and Dr. Patrick, since “fōkus” is the correct spelling of “focus” in German. Our heritage, culture, and environment can have great impacts in shaping who we are. Our name, Inner Fōkus, also serves as a prominent reminder of the importance to occasionally break from current patterns and try new things.
More than just a way to capture attention, the spelling of Inner Fōkus also carries a personal meaning to the founders. The name is a nod to the German heritage shared by both Dr. Lori and Dr. Patrick, since “fōkus” is the correct spelling of “focus” in German. Our heritage, culture, and environment can have great impacts in shaping who we are. Our name, Inner Fōkus, also serves as a prominent reminder of the importance to occasionally break from current patterns and try new things.
(218) 305-4069 View (218) 305-4069
Photo of Ashley DeMars, Counselor in Hibbing, MN
Ashley DeMars
Counselor, MSEd, LPCC
Verified Verified
Duluth, MN 55802
My passion is working with teens and young adults who experience anxiety, depression, and other major life changes. It can be hard in this ever changing world to have a place to feel heard and supported. My intent is to help build that bridge for people to have a safe and secure place to feel heard and supported when things in life feel challenging and alone. I want to be with you in the journey of self-growth and help challenge life's ever changing difficulties. I look forward to sharing this powerful experience with you and joining in your process of self-growth and discovery.
My passion is working with teens and young adults who experience anxiety, depression, and other major life changes. It can be hard in this ever changing world to have a place to feel heard and supported. My intent is to help build that bridge for people to have a safe and secure place to feel heard and supported when things in life feel challenging and alone. I want to be with you in the journey of self-growth and help challenge life's ever changing difficulties. I look forward to sharing this powerful experience with you and joining in your process of self-growth and discovery.
(218) 276-8600 View (218) 276-8600
Photo of Carol Johnson, Marriage & Family Therapist in Hibbing, MN
Carol Johnson
Marriage & Family Therapist, MAMFT
Verified Verified
Duluth, MN 55802  (Online Only)
As a therapist, I seek to join my clients in the creative process of therapy, to come up with helpful solutions to ease their struggles and bring more joy back into their lives. We walk together through the fog in search of pockets of sunshine. I strive to not only see my clients’ emotional health, but also their physical, spiritual, and relational health, looking to each for clues that might hold healing. I am innately curious, compassionate, and focused on my clients’ strengths.
As a therapist, I seek to join my clients in the creative process of therapy, to come up with helpful solutions to ease their struggles and bring more joy back into their lives. We walk together through the fog in search of pockets of sunshine. I strive to not only see my clients’ emotional health, but also their physical, spiritual, and relational health, looking to each for clues that might hold healing. I am innately curious, compassionate, and focused on my clients’ strengths.
(218) 736-9370 View (218) 736-9370
Photo of Danielle Arnold, Licensed Professional Counselor in Hibbing, MN
Danielle Arnold
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, RYT
Verified Verified
Nisswa, MN 56468
I focus on WHOLE body wellness. If you've tried traditional therapy and it hasn't helped you in the way you'd like, or if you'd like a more holistic approach that includes the physical body in the healing of the emotional and mental body, I can help. I provide an inclusive environment that allows healing to take place on a variety of levels. Embodied counseling uses body practices intertwined with traditional talk therapy, weaving in research backed therapeutic yoga techniques such as breathwork, movement, and mindfulness to regulate the nervous system, process emotions, and assist you in healing depression, anxiety, and trauma.
I focus on WHOLE body wellness. If you've tried traditional therapy and it hasn't helped you in the way you'd like, or if you'd like a more holistic approach that includes the physical body in the healing of the emotional and mental body, I can help. I provide an inclusive environment that allows healing to take place on a variety of levels. Embodied counseling uses body practices intertwined with traditional talk therapy, weaving in research backed therapeutic yoga techniques such as breathwork, movement, and mindfulness to regulate the nervous system, process emotions, and assist you in healing depression, anxiety, and trauma.
(218) 304-3938 View (218) 304-3938

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How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Hibbing, MN

10+

Average cost per session

$175

Therapists in Hibbing, MN who prioritize treating:

100% Anxiety
91% Depression
91% Stress
82% Relationship Issues
82% Self Esteem
73% Trauma and PTSD
73% Peer Relationships

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

80% Medica
80% UCare
70% BlueCross and BlueShield

How Therapists in Hibbing, MN see their clients

54% Online Only
46% In Person and Online

Gender breakdown

86% Female
14% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Hibbing?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.