Therapists in Beltrami County, MN

Heather Frach
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LADC, LPCC, CCTP
Verified
Bemidji, MN 56601
Accelerated Resolution Therapy, often referred to as ART, is a form of psychotherapy with roots in existing evidence-based therapies but shown to achieve benefits much more rapidly (usually within 1-5 sessions). Clients with depression, anxiety, PTSD, substance use issues, history of abuse, grief, and many other mental health and/or emotional issues can experience significant benefits beginning in the first session. Accelerated Resolution Therapy is not hypnosis and is different from Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing Therapy (EMDR).
Accelerated Resolution Therapy, often referred to as ART, is a form of psychotherapy with roots in existing evidence-based therapies but shown to achieve benefits much more rapidly (usually within 1-5 sessions). Clients with depression, anxiety, PTSD, substance use issues, history of abuse, grief, and many other mental health and/or emotional issues can experience significant benefits beginning in the first session. Accelerated Resolution Therapy is not hypnosis and is different from Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing Therapy (EMDR).
(218) 210-8658 View (218) 210-8658
Photo of Safe Haven Counseling And Wellness, Licensed Professional Counselor in Beltrami County, MN
Safe Haven Counseling And Wellness
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPCC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Bemidji, MN 56601  (Online Only)
Image. Your mind is racing. All. The. Damn. Time. Your to-do list is a collection of post-it notes covering your table and you don't know where to start. You go about your day and all the sudden your heart is pounding, hands shaking, breathing is heavy, you have no idea why you feel this way, but it's confusing and you're losing control. Your internal voice is relentlessly mean and makes you feel like you'll never be "Normal." Sleep what's that? The struggle of being "enough" is real and the weight of your past is dragging you down. You're exhausted, nobody is listening and you feel alone is this fight against your own mind.
Image. Your mind is racing. All. The. Damn. Time. Your to-do list is a collection of post-it notes covering your table and you don't know where to start. You go about your day and all the sudden your heart is pounding, hands shaking, breathing is heavy, you have no idea why you feel this way, but it's confusing and you're losing control. Your internal voice is relentlessly mean and makes you feel like you'll never be "Normal." Sleep what's that? The struggle of being "enough" is real and the weight of your past is dragging you down. You're exhausted, nobody is listening and you feel alone is this fight against your own mind.
(218) 480-8891 View (218) 480-8891
Photo of Kimberly Carroll, Counselor in Beltrami County, MN
Kimberly Carroll
Counselor, MA, LPCC, LADC
Verified
Bemidji, MN 56601
Some days you may not want to feel so weighted; your head to not race; your intimate partner to not be that passing ship; or so moved by compulsion. You may just need some safe space to figure it all out. This can be your sorting place. My goal is to help you better identify and understand your symptoms and improve overall coping. You are an individual, not a cookie cutter, so your treatment approach will be unique to your needs, and each person's journey is individual. Through goal setting, we can help you to develop decisions congruent with the life you want. I use CBT, ACT, mindfulness, & Gottman Method (completed Level 1 & 2).
Some days you may not want to feel so weighted; your head to not race; your intimate partner to not be that passing ship; or so moved by compulsion. You may just need some safe space to figure it all out. This can be your sorting place. My goal is to help you better identify and understand your symptoms and improve overall coping. You are an individual, not a cookie cutter, so your treatment approach will be unique to your needs, and each person's journey is individual. Through goal setting, we can help you to develop decisions congruent with the life you want. I use CBT, ACT, mindfulness, & Gottman Method (completed Level 1 & 2).
(218) 316-6246 View (218) 316-6246
Photo of Grant Bauer, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Beltrami County, MN
Grant Bauer
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified
Bemidji, MN 56601  (Online Only)
Hi, I'm a Licensed Clinical Social Worker. I have practiced as a therapist and mental health specialist over 20 years. I have worked hospital settings, emergency room and outpatient care. I effectively treat mood disorders, anxiety grief and trauma. I'm trained and experienced in many types of therapy, specializing in interpersonal and trauma therapy.
Hi, I'm a Licensed Clinical Social Worker. I have practiced as a therapist and mental health specialist over 20 years. I have worked hospital settings, emergency room and outpatient care. I effectively treat mood disorders, anxiety grief and trauma. I'm trained and experienced in many types of therapy, specializing in interpersonal and trauma therapy.
(218) 450-4804 View (218) 450-4804
Photo of Heidi K Bruder, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Beltrami County, MN
Heidi K Bruder
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, LICSW
Verified
Bemidji, MN 56601
Hi, I'm Heidi. Thanks for stopping by! If you are here, you are likely seeking out a therapist that would be the right fit for you. If you are looking for someone who is authentic, empathetic, and often funny, then I just might be the one. My approach to therapy is rooted in creating a safe environment and building trust with my clients. With this foundation true healing through psychotherapy can occur. I am humbled to have the honor and privilege to come alongside my clients and support them in their healing journey.
Hi, I'm Heidi. Thanks for stopping by! If you are here, you are likely seeking out a therapist that would be the right fit for you. If you are looking for someone who is authentic, empathetic, and often funny, then I just might be the one. My approach to therapy is rooted in creating a safe environment and building trust with my clients. With this foundation true healing through psychotherapy can occur. I am humbled to have the honor and privilege to come alongside my clients and support them in their healing journey.
(520) 422-7308 View (520) 422-7308
Photo of Nicole Otis, Marriage & Family Therapist in Beltrami County, MN
Nicole Otis
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT, CSAT
Verified
Bemidji, MN 56601
Are you struggling with sexual compulsivity, unwanted sexual behaviors or betrayal trauma? If you or your partner are struggling with these specific issues, let me guide you and your relationship towards healing and freedom. 
I am a trained (CSAT) Certified Sex Addiction Therapist and certified Brainspotting therapist. I am passionate about helping individuals and couples affected by sex and porn compulsivity, and betrayal trauma, including sexting, prostitution, emotional affairs, and physical affairs, as well as anxiety, depression, grief and loss, and life transitions.
Are you struggling with sexual compulsivity, unwanted sexual behaviors or betrayal trauma? If you or your partner are struggling with these specific issues, let me guide you and your relationship towards healing and freedom. 
I am a trained (CSAT) Certified Sex Addiction Therapist and certified Brainspotting therapist. I am passionate about helping individuals and couples affected by sex and porn compulsivity, and betrayal trauma, including sexting, prostitution, emotional affairs, and physical affairs, as well as anxiety, depression, grief and loss, and life transitions.
(320) 266-1693 View (320) 266-1693
Photo of Lena Khibnik, Licensed Professional Counselor in Beltrami County, MN
Lena Khibnik
Licensed Professional Counselor, LAPC, LPC(MN), NCC, MS
Verified
1 Endorsed
Bemidji, MN 56601
Is your struggle with depression, anxiety, or other distress interfering with your life? Has it created tension or distance in your relationships or caused problems for you at work or school? You are feeling overwhelmed with your current situation and unable to cope with the challenges you face. I offer a range of behavioral health services that can help you meet the challenges and move beyond them.
Is your struggle with depression, anxiety, or other distress interfering with your life? Has it created tension or distance in your relationships or caused problems for you at work or school? You are feeling overwhelmed with your current situation and unable to cope with the challenges you face. I offer a range of behavioral health services that can help you meet the challenges and move beyond them.
(701) 581-1910 View (701) 581-1910
Photo of Monica Lindahl, Marriage & Family Therapist in Beltrami County, MN
Monica Lindahl
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT, MBA
Verified
2 Endorsed
Bemidji, MN 56601  (Online Only)
Welcome! Do you struggle with anxiety and panic, stress, depressed mood, or an overall feeling of unhealth? I can help! I also treat binge eating, emotional eating, and chronic dieting. We will work as a team to overcome obstacles and develop self-compassion. While I am here to listen and support you, I will challenge you to make some changes and practice your new skills outside of our sessions, because I believe improving mental health is something that we should focus on for more than 50 minutes once per week. Although seeking therapy can be scary, it already tells me you are strong and ready to improve your mental wellbeing.
Welcome! Do you struggle with anxiety and panic, stress, depressed mood, or an overall feeling of unhealth? I can help! I also treat binge eating, emotional eating, and chronic dieting. We will work as a team to overcome obstacles and develop self-compassion. While I am here to listen and support you, I will challenge you to make some changes and practice your new skills outside of our sessions, because I believe improving mental health is something that we should focus on for more than 50 minutes once per week. Although seeking therapy can be scary, it already tells me you are strong and ready to improve your mental wellbeing.
(612) 439-2238 View (612) 439-2238
Photo of Morgan Phillips, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Beltrami County, MN
Morgan Phillips
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, CSAC, LICSW, LADC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Bemidji, MN 56601  (Online Only)
Thanks for visiting my profile. Are you struggling to feel connected to yourself and those around you? Feeling depressed, anxious, or lost? I would love to hold space with you while you explore the inner workings of all things related to you. I believe that as human beings, everything we do is relational, therefore, I believe therapy offers the opportunity to heal with another person being present. I have been working as a clinical social worker for the past 12 years. I currently offer telehealth services in Minnesota and Wisconsin to individuals 18 and older.
Thanks for visiting my profile. Are you struggling to feel connected to yourself and those around you? Feeling depressed, anxious, or lost? I would love to hold space with you while you explore the inner workings of all things related to you. I believe that as human beings, everything we do is relational, therefore, I believe therapy offers the opportunity to heal with another person being present. I have been working as a clinical social worker for the past 12 years. I currently offer telehealth services in Minnesota and Wisconsin to individuals 18 and older.
(651) 615-9099 View (651) 615-9099
Photo of Judith Ann Malmskog, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Beltrami County, MN
Judith Ann Malmskog
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified
Bemidji, MN 56601
Welcome! My name is Judy and I bring a multi-disciplined background to my role as therapist. I have background in criminal justice, child protection, family law, chemical dependency, child custody. I have foundational knowledge in working with individuals and families who have experienced trauma in their lifetime. I enjoy working with individuals ages 5 to 105 from all walks of life! I feel that YOU are the expert, and I am here to guide you in your journey to develop a better understanding of your soul purpose, ease guilt, shame or whatever may be currently blocking your joy. I enjoy working with couples and family's!
Welcome! My name is Judy and I bring a multi-disciplined background to my role as therapist. I have background in criminal justice, child protection, family law, chemical dependency, child custody. I have foundational knowledge in working with individuals and families who have experienced trauma in their lifetime. I enjoy working with individuals ages 5 to 105 from all walks of life! I feel that YOU are the expert, and I am here to guide you in your journey to develop a better understanding of your soul purpose, ease guilt, shame or whatever may be currently blocking your joy. I enjoy working with couples and family's!
(218) 255-9657 View (218) 255-9657
Photo of Rita Anderson - Wellness Matters, Licensed Professional Counselor in Beltrami County, MN
Rita Anderson - Wellness Matters
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPCC, LADC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Bemidji, MN 56601
Waitlist for new clients
Do you feel stuck? Are you a therapist, nurse, doctor, educator or other professional struggling to manage stress? At Wellness Matters LLC, we take a practical approach to therapy. We quickly identify key concerns that can be targeted for immediate improvement. We are proficient in coping skill development for health and happiness. We help “pull back the curtain” on unhelpful thinking patterns and maladaptive interpersonal dynamics. We help highlight choice points for experimenting with new behaviors with the goal of improving functioning and increasing joy.
Do you feel stuck? Are you a therapist, nurse, doctor, educator or other professional struggling to manage stress? At Wellness Matters LLC, we take a practical approach to therapy. We quickly identify key concerns that can be targeted for immediate improvement. We are proficient in coping skill development for health and happiness. We help “pull back the curtain” on unhelpful thinking patterns and maladaptive interpersonal dynamics. We help highlight choice points for experimenting with new behaviors with the goal of improving functioning and increasing joy.
(218) 366-8697 View (218) 366-8697
Photo of Adam Palowski, Counselor in Beltrami County, MN
Adam Palowski
Counselor, MS, LPCC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Bemidji, MN 56601
Your family's story is unique, and your voices deserve to be heard. If you're seeking a therapist who not only listens but also deeply understands, let's connect. Reach out through a call or email, and together, let's explore the path to healing and growth that best fits your family's narrative. Working with a skilled therapist (who is also a father) can offer you and your family hope.
Your family's story is unique, and your voices deserve to be heard. If you're seeking a therapist who not only listens but also deeply understands, let's connect. Reach out through a call or email, and together, let's explore the path to healing and growth that best fits your family's narrative. Working with a skilled therapist (who is also a father) can offer you and your family hope.
(651) 349-4916 View (651) 349-4916
Photo of Casey Rae Blum, Pre-Licensed Professional in Beltrami County, MN
Casey Rae Blum
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA, LADC, MHP
Verified
Bemidji, MN 56601  (Online Only)
Deciding to make changes in your life can often be overwhelming. Uncertainty and self-doubt can make a path forward seem impossible. Through our work together, I can assist you in identifying the changes you would like to enact in your own life and help establish how to get there. If you find yourself feeling stuck in emotional pain or problems, therapy can be a catalyst for change you seek.Learning how to manage stress more effectively gives us access to new opportunities. I utilize both EMDR and ART therapies as a way to manage a variety of mental health conditions, including trauma, addiction, depression, grief and anxiety.
Deciding to make changes in your life can often be overwhelming. Uncertainty and self-doubt can make a path forward seem impossible. Through our work together, I can assist you in identifying the changes you would like to enact in your own life and help establish how to get there. If you find yourself feeling stuck in emotional pain or problems, therapy can be a catalyst for change you seek.Learning how to manage stress more effectively gives us access to new opportunities. I utilize both EMDR and ART therapies as a way to manage a variety of mental health conditions, including trauma, addiction, depression, grief and anxiety.
(651) 412-1612 View (651) 412-1612
Photo of Jeffrey S Widner, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Beltrami County, MN
Jeffrey S Widner
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified
Bemidji, MN 56601
(218) 214-9389 View (218) 214-9389

Online Therapists

Photo of Susan Brennan, Marriage & Family Therapist in Beltrami County, MN
Susan Brennan
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified
1 Endorsed
Brainerd, MN 56401
Do you feel discouraged about the direction your life is going? Is it difficult lately for you to make decisions? Are you grieving because of unresolved challenges in your marriage or family relationships? Talk therapy helps sort out what is not working and how to take steps toward a healthier outlook. Getting unstuck and moving again is not as difficult as it may seem once barriers are identified and resolved. Your life goals are not beyond reach, and all things are possible one step at a time.
Do you feel discouraged about the direction your life is going? Is it difficult lately for you to make decisions? Are you grieving because of unresolved challenges in your marriage or family relationships? Talk therapy helps sort out what is not working and how to take steps toward a healthier outlook. Getting unstuck and moving again is not as difficult as it may seem once barriers are identified and resolved. Your life goals are not beyond reach, and all things are possible one step at a time.
(218) 318-2408 View (218) 318-2408
Photo of Dr. Rene Mooney, Psychologist in Beltrami County, MN
Dr. Rene Mooney
Psychologist, PsyD LP, E PASS, RPT-S, CRT SPT, RYT-200
Verified
At Storybook Wellness, our goal is to support individuals and families of all shapes and sizes. We value the importance of mental health for all individuals within the family as well as the family as a unit. We take a holistic approach to mental health with the knowledge that our mind, body, and spirit are all intricately connected both within ourselves and with those who we love.
At Storybook Wellness, our goal is to support individuals and families of all shapes and sizes. We value the importance of mental health for all individuals within the family as well as the family as a unit. We take a holistic approach to mental health with the knowledge that our mind, body, and spirit are all intricately connected both within ourselves and with those who we love.
(218) 321-9651 View (218) 321-9651
Photo of Carlyn Becker, Licensed Professional Counselor in Beltrami County, MN
Carlyn Becker
Licensed Professional Counselor, MPS, LADC, LPCC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Nisswa, MN 56468  (Online Only)
Are you struggling with mental health challenges or substance use disorders? Do you feel overwhelmed by the burdens of life, unable to cope with past traumas or current stressors? You're not alone, and there is help available. Hi, I'm Carlyn, a dually licensed professional with expertise in both mental health and addiction counseling. Through telehealth, I offer compassionate and evidence-based therapy to individuals dealing with a wide range of issues, including depression, anxiety, substance abuse, trauma, and relationship difficulties.
Are you struggling with mental health challenges or substance use disorders? Do you feel overwhelmed by the burdens of life, unable to cope with past traumas or current stressors? You're not alone, and there is help available. Hi, I'm Carlyn, a dually licensed professional with expertise in both mental health and addiction counseling. Through telehealth, I offer compassionate and evidence-based therapy to individuals dealing with a wide range of issues, including depression, anxiety, substance abuse, trauma, and relationship difficulties.
(218) 206-9397 View (218) 206-9397
Photo of Kind Mind Counseling Center, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Beltrami County, MN
Kind Mind Counseling Center
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified
Hibbing, MN 55746
Kind Mind reserves the right to be exceptionally kind ​regardless of gender, age, race, religion, ethnicity, past actions, political outlook, sexual orientation, social status, class, appearance, language, or occupation. Kind Mind Center believes in the innate ability of all people to reach their fullest potential as a creative, compassionate, and conscious being. Kind Mind Center provides dedicated and professional integrative health, mental health & substance abuse therapeutic services with a person-centered professional approach, serving all people, from all walks of life, with compassion, dignity & respect.
Kind Mind reserves the right to be exceptionally kind ​regardless of gender, age, race, religion, ethnicity, past actions, political outlook, sexual orientation, social status, class, appearance, language, or occupation. Kind Mind Center believes in the innate ability of all people to reach their fullest potential as a creative, compassionate, and conscious being. Kind Mind Center provides dedicated and professional integrative health, mental health & substance abuse therapeutic services with a person-centered professional approach, serving all people, from all walks of life, with compassion, dignity & respect.
(218) 748-8750 View (218) 748-8750
Photo of Troy David Otterson, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Beltrami County, MN
Troy David Otterson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified
Bovey, MN 55709
Bovey Health Center (also known as Otterson Mental Health Services Inc.) is dedicated to producing results through experience. Since 1989, after losing a classmate to suicide, Mr. Otterson dedicated his life to the fight against suicide and supporting others . He works to help those individuals, families and communities who are suffering one interaction at a time. The focus is positive, passionate, goal driven and evidence based.
Bovey Health Center (also known as Otterson Mental Health Services Inc.) is dedicated to producing results through experience. Since 1989, after losing a classmate to suicide, Mr. Otterson dedicated his life to the fight against suicide and supporting others . He works to help those individuals, families and communities who are suffering one interaction at a time. The focus is positive, passionate, goal driven and evidence based.
(218) 453-2485 View (218) 453-2485
Photo of Annastasia Ramig, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Beltrami County, MN
Annastasia Ramig
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LGSW
Verified
New York Mills, MN 56567  (Online Only)
As some people like to say: when life gives you lemons, make lemonade! However, in those moments of hardship or change, hurt or grief, this isn't always the easiest task. That is where I come in! I have a strange belief that, as therapists, when we are kind, supportive and real, and we seem like real human beings ourselves, therapy can be a lot more successful. A strong, trusting bond within the therapeutic relationship is essential for progress, and I hope that by being real myself, I can invite you to be your authentic, vulnerable self in a safe, confidential, and non-judgmental space with me.
As some people like to say: when life gives you lemons, make lemonade! However, in those moments of hardship or change, hurt or grief, this isn't always the easiest task. That is where I come in! I have a strange belief that, as therapists, when we are kind, supportive and real, and we seem like real human beings ourselves, therapy can be a lot more successful. A strong, trusting bond within the therapeutic relationship is essential for progress, and I hope that by being real myself, I can invite you to be your authentic, vulnerable self in a safe, confidential, and non-judgmental space with me.
(218) 276-6210 View (218) 276-6210

See more therapy options for Beltrami County

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Beltrami County, MN

10+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in Beltrami County, MN who prioritize treating:

93% Depression
86% Anxiety
71% Grief
71% Stress
64% Trauma and PTSD
64% Coping Skills
64% Self Esteem

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

70% BlueCross and BlueShield
60% Aetna
60% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in Beltrami County, MN see their clients

65% In Person and Online
35% Online Only

Gender breakdown

90% Female
10% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Beltrami County?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.