Therapists in Parkview Hills, Kalamazoo, MI

Photo of Ruth L Eichler, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Parkview Hills, Kalamazoo, MI
Ruth L Eichler
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified
Parkview Hills, Kalamazoo, MI 49008  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
Does your marriage need an "upgrade" to restore connection and communication and optimize each of you to get the love you want? I am certified as an Imago Relationship Therapist and can assist you in this process. I also work with a variety of methods with individuals who desire greater well being and new or enhanced skills in meeting life's challenges and in moving to new levels of consciousness.
Does your marriage need an "upgrade" to restore connection and communication and optimize each of you to get the love you want? I am certified as an Imago Relationship Therapist and can assist you in this process. I also work with a variety of methods with individuals who desire greater well being and new or enhanced skills in meeting life's challenges and in moving to new levels of consciousness.
(269) 205-3436 View (269) 205-3436
Photo of Gloria Haddad Taggett, Psychologist in Parkview Hills, Kalamazoo, MI
Gloria Haddad Taggett
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
Parkview Hills, Kalamazoo, MI 49008
I respectfully welcome you to my practice. I have over 25 years experience in the mental health field working with trauma, abuse, depression, anxiety, family of origin issues, relationship and co-dependency challenges. I will listen without judgement and help you identify and work through the barriers that hinder clarity, direction and positive problem resolution.
I respectfully welcome you to my practice. I have over 25 years experience in the mental health field working with trauma, abuse, depression, anxiety, family of origin issues, relationship and co-dependency challenges. I will listen without judgement and help you identify and work through the barriers that hinder clarity, direction and positive problem resolution.
(269) 448-0098 View (269) 448-0098
Photo of Michelle R Klee, Psychologist in Parkview Hills, Kalamazoo, MI
Michelle R Klee
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
Parkview Hills, Kalamazoo, MI 49008  (Online Only)
More than 35 years of counseling experience have taught me that within each of us is an inherent drive toward emotional health. As your therapist, I want to create a safe and caring relationship in which I serve as your companion on a journey toward self-understanding and healing at the level of heart, mind, body and spirit. I work to help people struggling with anxiety, depression, shame, grief, developmental trauma, difficult life transitions, issues of mid-life and aging, and career issues.
More than 35 years of counseling experience have taught me that within each of us is an inherent drive toward emotional health. As your therapist, I want to create a safe and caring relationship in which I serve as your companion on a journey toward self-understanding and healing at the level of heart, mind, body and spirit. I work to help people struggling with anxiety, depression, shame, grief, developmental trauma, difficult life transitions, issues of mid-life and aging, and career issues.
(269) 743-3828 View (269) 743-3828
Photo of Maggie Severe, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Parkview Hills, Kalamazoo, MI
Maggie Severe
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW, RN, PMH-C
Verified
Parkview Hills, Kalamazoo, MI 49008
Hello. I work with late teens, young adults and adults as they meet the challenge of difficult emotions such as: sadness, anxiety, loneliness, frustration, anger, fear, disappointment, grief. Navigating what a full life has to offer can be complicated and at times surprising; relationship problems, school issues, parenting concerns, family conflict, multicultural issues can leave us feeling uncertain and alone. Life transitions can bring their own unique challenges: marriage/partnering, pregnancy, childbirth, medical and/or mental health diagnoses, divorce, blending family, death and dying each can challenge our usual coping skills.
Hello. I work with late teens, young adults and adults as they meet the challenge of difficult emotions such as: sadness, anxiety, loneliness, frustration, anger, fear, disappointment, grief. Navigating what a full life has to offer can be complicated and at times surprising; relationship problems, school issues, parenting concerns, family conflict, multicultural issues can leave us feeling uncertain and alone. Life transitions can bring their own unique challenges: marriage/partnering, pregnancy, childbirth, medical and/or mental health diagnoses, divorce, blending family, death and dying each can challenge our usual coping skills.
(269) 525-3965 View (269) 525-3965
Photo of Acacia A Place for Personal & Family Development in Parkview Hills, Kalamazoo, MI
Acacia A Place for Personal & Family Development
LMSW
Verified
Parkview Hills, Kalamazoo, MI 49008
Asking for help can be difficult. At Acacia, we understand that entering therapy can be a big step and how important it is that you feel respected, seen and heard. Our experience includes helping children, adolescents, adults, and families navigate difficult times in their lives. We work to help them feel empowered to make changes in their relationships, careers, or personal goals. Together, we will develop a treatment strategy that focuses on the issues and changes that you identify and are ready to address.
Asking for help can be difficult. At Acacia, we understand that entering therapy can be a big step and how important it is that you feel respected, seen and heard. Our experience includes helping children, adolescents, adults, and families navigate difficult times in their lives. We work to help them feel empowered to make changes in their relationships, careers, or personal goals. Together, we will develop a treatment strategy that focuses on the issues and changes that you identify and are ready to address.
(269) 671-7462 View (269) 671-7462
Photo of Kristina Raleigh, Licensed Professional Counselor in Parkview Hills, Kalamazoo, MI
Kristina Raleigh
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Parkview Hills, Kalamazoo, MI 49008
Waitlist for new clients
Has your adolescent been experiencing overwhelming sadness? Does your teen feel worried a lot? Are these worries negatively impacting your child's relationships and academic performance? Have recent or ongoing stressors decreased your child's ability to cope with or adjust to change? You want hope and healing for your child so they can feel normal again. You want your teen to find relief from the constant worrying. You want your child to be successful at adapting to change. You have found the place your child needs to be to improve their life.
Has your adolescent been experiencing overwhelming sadness? Does your teen feel worried a lot? Are these worries negatively impacting your child's relationships and academic performance? Have recent or ongoing stressors decreased your child's ability to cope with or adjust to change? You want hope and healing for your child so they can feel normal again. You want your teen to find relief from the constant worrying. You want your child to be successful at adapting to change. You have found the place your child needs to be to improve their life.
(269) 215-2940 View (269) 215-2940
Photo of Christina Thomason, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Parkview Hills, Kalamazoo, MI
Christina Thomason
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified
Parkview Hills, Kalamazoo, MI 49008  (Online Only)
Asking for help can be difficult. I understand that entering therapy can be a big step and how important it is that you feel respected , seen and heard. My experience includes helping children, adolescents, adults, and families navigate difficult times in their lives and to feel empowered making changes in their relationships, careers or personal goals. Together, we will develop a treatment strategy that focuses on the issues and changes that you identify and are ready to address.
Asking for help can be difficult. I understand that entering therapy can be a big step and how important it is that you feel respected , seen and heard. My experience includes helping children, adolescents, adults, and families navigate difficult times in their lives and to feel empowered making changes in their relationships, careers or personal goals. Together, we will develop a treatment strategy that focuses on the issues and changes that you identify and are ready to address.
(269) 266-8264 View (269) 266-8264
Photo of Simone S Riggs, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Parkview Hills, Kalamazoo, MI
Simone S Riggs
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW, MBA
Verified
Parkview Hills, Kalamazoo, MI 49008
Everyone experiences struggles and challenges in life. Whether it is divorce, job change, grief and loss, depression, anxiety, trauma, or relationship issues; therapy can help improve the outcome during these times. With my 25 years as a clinical social worker I have had the opportunity to work with individuals, couples and groups from all walks of life. I welcome everyone and strive to provide an environment that is open, welcoming, safe and supportive. My goal is to provide you with new skills and tools to help develop insight and resolution during these difficult times.
Everyone experiences struggles and challenges in life. Whether it is divorce, job change, grief and loss, depression, anxiety, trauma, or relationship issues; therapy can help improve the outcome during these times. With my 25 years as a clinical social worker I have had the opportunity to work with individuals, couples and groups from all walks of life. I welcome everyone and strive to provide an environment that is open, welcoming, safe and supportive. My goal is to provide you with new skills and tools to help develop insight and resolution during these difficult times.
(734) 799-4641 View (734) 799-4641
Photo of Jamor A James Sr, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Parkview Hills, Kalamazoo, MI
Jamor A James Sr
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LLMSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Parkview Hills, Kalamazoo, MI 49008
Not accepting new clients
Hello my name is Jamor James Sr. I have been working in mental health and Recovery for more than 12 years holding the titles of Peer Support, Recovery Coach, Team Lead, Case Manager and Therapist.
Hello my name is Jamor James Sr. I have been working in mental health and Recovery for more than 12 years holding the titles of Peer Support, Recovery Coach, Team Lead, Case Manager and Therapist.
(269) 256-2749 View (269) 256-2749
Photo of Breigh Montgomery, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Parkview Hills, Kalamazoo, MI
Breigh Montgomery
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Parkview Hills, Kalamazoo, MI 49008
My goal is to create a comfortable and safe environment where you can creatively express yourself! I focus on the whole person and use a mix of techniques including mindfulness and creative expression to address a variety of issues. We will work together to set goals and create steps to achieve those goals. Adults that I sit with typically struggle with life transitions, daily stress, trauma, parenting difficulties, depression and/or anxiety related issues. In my work with children, I incorporate caregivers and/or families into sessions regularly because I believe that caregivers play a critical role in a child's development.
My goal is to create a comfortable and safe environment where you can creatively express yourself! I focus on the whole person and use a mix of techniques including mindfulness and creative expression to address a variety of issues. We will work together to set goals and create steps to achieve those goals. Adults that I sit with typically struggle with life transitions, daily stress, trauma, parenting difficulties, depression and/or anxiety related issues. In my work with children, I incorporate caregivers and/or families into sessions regularly because I believe that caregivers play a critical role in a child's development.
(269) 338-8063 View (269) 338-8063
Photo of Lesa Brenner, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Parkview Hills, Kalamazoo, MI
Lesa Brenner
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified
3 Endorsed
Parkview Hills, Kalamazoo, MI 49008
Therapy is hard, but it doesn't have to be terrible. My job is to make you feel confident with your decision to reach out for help while guiding you through your own personal growth and healing. Healing from trauma will be the hardest and most worthwhile decision of your life, and you do not have to go through it alone. I offer individual therapy for adolescents and adults in a LGBTQ+ open and affirming practice. Please reach out if you would like to connect about the therapy process.
Therapy is hard, but it doesn't have to be terrible. My job is to make you feel confident with your decision to reach out for help while guiding you through your own personal growth and healing. Healing from trauma will be the hardest and most worthwhile decision of your life, and you do not have to go through it alone. I offer individual therapy for adolescents and adults in a LGBTQ+ open and affirming practice. Please reach out if you would like to connect about the therapy process.
(269) 248-7774 View (269) 248-7774
Photo of Sherry L Opalka, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Parkview Hills, Kalamazoo, MI
Sherry L Opalka
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW, LPC
Verified
Parkview Hills, Kalamazoo, MI 49008  (Online Only)
I believe in the wisdom within each of us and work to instill in each person a deep sense of self-respect and compassion. My work includes cognitive, psycho-spiritual, and expressive approaches. I use emotional release techniques for deep change in thinking and feeling patterns that interfere with current well-being and functioning. For addiction issues, I provide ear acupuncture and help people assess the extent of the problem and stop the harm. We then work through the recovery stages. For PTSD from childhood trauma or from military service I use several approaches, including Prolonged Exposure Therapy.
I believe in the wisdom within each of us and work to instill in each person a deep sense of self-respect and compassion. My work includes cognitive, psycho-spiritual, and expressive approaches. I use emotional release techniques for deep change in thinking and feeling patterns that interfere with current well-being and functioning. For addiction issues, I provide ear acupuncture and help people assess the extent of the problem and stop the harm. We then work through the recovery stages. For PTSD from childhood trauma or from military service I use several approaches, including Prolonged Exposure Therapy.
(269) 426-5283 View (269) 426-5283
Photo of Jessica Rabe, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Parkview Hills, Kalamazoo, MI
Jessica Rabe
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified
3 Endorsed
Parkview Hills, Kalamazoo, MI 49008
I am here to help you through the toughest moments in your life; you do not have be alone in your struggles. My goal is to help individuals learn coping skills, emotional regulation skills and strategies to improve their mental health. I will support you in your therapeutic journey through a person-in-environment approach and trauma informed lens.
I am here to help you through the toughest moments in your life; you do not have be alone in your struggles. My goal is to help individuals learn coping skills, emotional regulation skills and strategies to improve their mental health. I will support you in your therapeutic journey through a person-in-environment approach and trauma informed lens.
(269) 237-0840 View (269) 237-0840
Photo of Ben Weigel, Licensed Professional Counselor in Parkview Hills, Kalamazoo, MI
Ben Weigel
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, NCC
Verified
5 Endorsed
Parkview Hills, Kalamazoo, MI 49008
Not accepting new clients
Life is full of challenges, which at times, may seem overwhelming. I applaud your courage as you take the first step towards personal growth and empowerment by reaching out for help. You are the expert of your life, and my goal is to meet you where you are at. Together, we can find which road works best for you and I will walk beside you on your journey of self-discovery. It is my belief that everyone has tremendous potential and that we all have something unique to give to ourselves, our loved ones and the world as a whole.
Life is full of challenges, which at times, may seem overwhelming. I applaud your courage as you take the first step towards personal growth and empowerment by reaching out for help. You are the expert of your life, and my goal is to meet you where you are at. Together, we can find which road works best for you and I will walk beside you on your journey of self-discovery. It is my belief that everyone has tremendous potential and that we all have something unique to give to ourselves, our loved ones and the world as a whole.
(269) 225-0237 View (269) 225-0237
Photo of Bobbie Jo Heiser-Abel, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Parkview Hills, Kalamazoo, MI
Bobbie Jo Heiser-Abel
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LLMSW
Verified
Parkview Hills, Kalamazoo, MI 49008
It's easy to get swept away by the daily struggle and getting back on track can be difficult. Something doesn’t feel right. Maybe you feel like you’re going through the motions or maybe you feel more on edge lately. You could have had these feelings for ages or for days. Even simply thinking about change can feel overwhelming. You want to feel better, but you don’t know where or how to start. You need help, and I’m here to help you.
It's easy to get swept away by the daily struggle and getting back on track can be difficult. Something doesn’t feel right. Maybe you feel like you’re going through the motions or maybe you feel more on edge lately. You could have had these feelings for ages or for days. Even simply thinking about change can feel overwhelming. You want to feel better, but you don’t know where or how to start. You need help, and I’m here to help you.
(269) 338-8191 View (269) 338-8191
Photo of Maureen Anne Corts, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Parkview Hills, Kalamazoo, MI
Maureen Anne Corts
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified
Parkview Hills, Kalamazoo, MI 49008
I work with both children and adults who struggle with anxiety and depression, as well as working extensively with parents who are struggling with challenging behaviors or who are looking to provide a healthy and loving environment for their child(ren). I have a wealth of experience with parents, college students, and school age children, teaching coping strategies and healthier ways of looking at the world to improve their quality of life. I have a 4 legged co-worker, Winnie Cooper, who accompanies me to work each day and is a bright spot to many of my clients.
I work with both children and adults who struggle with anxiety and depression, as well as working extensively with parents who are struggling with challenging behaviors or who are looking to provide a healthy and loving environment for their child(ren). I have a wealth of experience with parents, college students, and school age children, teaching coping strategies and healthier ways of looking at the world to improve their quality of life. I have a 4 legged co-worker, Winnie Cooper, who accompanies me to work each day and is a bright spot to many of my clients.
(269) 468-0468 View (269) 468-0468
Photo of Emily Lindsay, Licensed Professional Counselor in Parkview Hills, Kalamazoo, MI
Emily Lindsay
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, TLLP
Verified
1 Endorsed
Parkview Hills, Kalamazoo, MI 49008
I completed my Master's degree in Counseling Psychology from Western Michigan University in Kalamazoo, Michigan and hold a B.A. in Psychology and Anthropology/Sociology from Kalamazoo College. My diverse work, education, and training experiences have provided the opportunity to work with female and male adults and adolescents in individual and group therapeutic settings. My therapeutic approach derives from a relational perspective and I utilize cognitive behavioral, psychodynamic, person-centered, and holistic health approaches in our session.
I completed my Master's degree in Counseling Psychology from Western Michigan University in Kalamazoo, Michigan and hold a B.A. in Psychology and Anthropology/Sociology from Kalamazoo College. My diverse work, education, and training experiences have provided the opportunity to work with female and male adults and adolescents in individual and group therapeutic settings. My therapeutic approach derives from a relational perspective and I utilize cognitive behavioral, psychodynamic, person-centered, and holistic health approaches in our session.
(269) 220-6594 View (269) 220-6594
Photo of Rhonda Overberger, Marriage & Family Therapist in Parkview Hills, Kalamazoo, MI
Rhonda Overberger
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LPC, LMFT
Verified
2 Endorsed
Parkview Hills, Kalamazoo, MI 49008
I practice evidence-based treatment rooted in science. My goals are to help clients alter negative repetitive patterns, defuse from overwhelming destructive behaviors, and create movement toward what is really important in their lives. I use acceptance and mindfulness skills, combined with behavior-change strategies, to help clients increase psychological flexibility. I believe that psychological suffering is caused by avoiding emotions and life experiences, which results in psychological rigidity, and greater suffering.
I practice evidence-based treatment rooted in science. My goals are to help clients alter negative repetitive patterns, defuse from overwhelming destructive behaviors, and create movement toward what is really important in their lives. I use acceptance and mindfulness skills, combined with behavior-change strategies, to help clients increase psychological flexibility. I believe that psychological suffering is caused by avoiding emotions and life experiences, which results in psychological rigidity, and greater suffering.
(269) 205-6852 View (269) 205-6852

Online Therapists

Photo of Rob Chapuran, Licensed Professional Counselor in Parkview Hills, Kalamazoo, MI
Rob Chapuran
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, CAADC
Verified
Kalamazoo, MI 49009
Hello! As a therapist, I strive to support individuals in reaching their fullest potential in any areas of life that may be unsatisfactory. I will create a safe space to share conversations and together we will work to reconcile any discomfort. I am humbled to be chosen to walk beside you on this journey and I commend you for taking the first step towards healing. I believe everyone can use extra support at various points in life and therapy can provide a method to learn new tools to have in your arsenal.
Hello! As a therapist, I strive to support individuals in reaching their fullest potential in any areas of life that may be unsatisfactory. I will create a safe space to share conversations and together we will work to reconcile any discomfort. I am humbled to be chosen to walk beside you on this journey and I commend you for taking the first step towards healing. I believe everyone can use extra support at various points in life and therapy can provide a method to learn new tools to have in your arsenal.
(269) 399-3508 View (269) 399-3508
Photo of Jennifer E Ranalli, Counselor in Parkview Hills, Kalamazoo, MI
Jennifer E Ranalli
Counselor, MA, LLPC, NCC
Verified
Kalamazoo, MI 49007
Do you feel as if your life is unmanageable? Are you struggling to manage your life as is? It’s no secret that life doesn’t fight fair. At times, it can seem that nothing goes the way we really want it to, no matter how well we plan. Fortunately, we were built to adapt and recover quickly. It is our own resilience that dictates what happens next and not life’s quirkiness or unpredictability. I collaborate with adults 18 and older to successfully manage life using healthy responses and sustainable coping skills. I have assisted individuals with addictions, complex-trauma, and personality disorders for 5+ years.
Do you feel as if your life is unmanageable? Are you struggling to manage your life as is? It’s no secret that life doesn’t fight fair. At times, it can seem that nothing goes the way we really want it to, no matter how well we plan. Fortunately, we were built to adapt and recover quickly. It is our own resilience that dictates what happens next and not life’s quirkiness or unpredictability. I collaborate with adults 18 and older to successfully manage life using healthy responses and sustainable coping skills. I have assisted individuals with addictions, complex-trauma, and personality disorders for 5+ years.
(269) 256-2529 View (269) 256-2529

See more therapy options for Parkview Hills, Kalamazoo

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Parkview Hills, Kalamazoo, MI

10+

Average cost per session

$137

Therapists in Parkview Hills, Kalamazoo, MI who prioritize treating:

100% Anxiety
94% Depression
83% Grief
72% Self Esteem
67% Relationship Issues
67% Trauma and PTSD
67% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

94% BlueCross and BlueShield
78% Blue Care Network
72% Priority Health

How Therapists in Parkview Hills, Kalamazoo, MI see their clients

78% In Person and Online
22% Online Only

Gender breakdown

89% Female
11% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Parkview Hills, Kalamazoo?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.