Therapists in Grand Traverse County, MI

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Photo of Emmy Hendry, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Grand Traverse County, MI
Emmy Hendry
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LLMSW, CAADC
Verified Verified
Traverse City, MI 49686
Emmy believes that your well-being relies on achieving balance in all aspects of your life. This requires a whole health approach that will serve the mind, body, and soul. Emmy specializes in trauma; specifically sexual trauma, violence trauma, relationship trauma, and family/intergenerational trauma. Her primary specializations are working with individuals with attachment style issues, relationship issues, masculine and feminine energies, sex trauma/intimacy issues, anxiety disorders, and grief.
Emmy believes that your well-being relies on achieving balance in all aspects of your life. This requires a whole health approach that will serve the mind, body, and soul. Emmy specializes in trauma; specifically sexual trauma, violence trauma, relationship trauma, and family/intergenerational trauma. Her primary specializations are working with individuals with attachment style issues, relationship issues, masculine and feminine energies, sex trauma/intimacy issues, anxiety disorders, and grief.
(231) 202-3837 View (231) 202-3837
Photo of Michelle M Newman, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Grand Traverse County, MI
Michelle M Newman
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
Traverse City, MI 49684
In today's world, parenting is challenging. In many cases, we are raising our children with little support from others. And, our children are faced with a great deal of stress and outside influence such as social media, high education standards, and reduced opportunity for success after graduation. As a parent, you want your children to be happy, self-confident, and contributing members of society.
In today's world, parenting is challenging. In many cases, we are raising our children with little support from others. And, our children are faced with a great deal of stress and outside influence such as social media, high education standards, and reduced opportunity for success after graduation. As a parent, you want your children to be happy, self-confident, and contributing members of society.
(231) 518-9237 View (231) 518-9237
Photo of Karen McCarthy, Counselor in Grand Traverse County, MI
Karen McCarthy
Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Traverse City, MI 49684
My clients are children from infancy through age 10 (and their parents and caregivers) who want to improve their relationships and the ways they function in this difficult world. I help them understand each other, communicate, process their emotions, deal with life’s problems, and heal from past wounds, especially from trauma. Trauma can affect children’s behaviors and emotions in ways that may be surprising. They may seem withdrawn or angry or highly emotional or defiant ... and sometimes all of these in one day! Children who have not been traumatized may also run this gamut, leaving parents confused.
My clients are children from infancy through age 10 (and their parents and caregivers) who want to improve their relationships and the ways they function in this difficult world. I help them understand each other, communicate, process their emotions, deal with life’s problems, and heal from past wounds, especially from trauma. Trauma can affect children’s behaviors and emotions in ways that may be surprising. They may seem withdrawn or angry or highly emotional or defiant ... and sometimes all of these in one day! Children who have not been traumatized may also run this gamut, leaving parents confused.
(231) 201-3798 View (231) 201-3798
Photo of Kari L de Boer, Licensed Professional Counselor in Grand Traverse County, MI
Kari L de Boer
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, ATR, RYT
Verified Verified
Traverse City, MI 49684
Kari is now accepting children ages 6+ for in-person therapy and 15+ for telehealth or in-person. Kari believes that people are innately driven to achieve wholeness. Encouraging clients to actively listen to their minds and bodies, Kari creates a warm atmosphere of safety. She supports clients as they do the transformative work of identifying their growth areas and empowering their curiosities.
Kari is now accepting children ages 6+ for in-person therapy and 15+ for telehealth or in-person. Kari believes that people are innately driven to achieve wholeness. Encouraging clients to actively listen to their minds and bodies, Kari creates a warm atmosphere of safety. She supports clients as they do the transformative work of identifying their growth areas and empowering their curiosities.
(231) 216-6440 View (231) 216-6440
Photo of Brendan O'Donnel, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Grand Traverse County, MI
Brendan O'Donnel
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Traverse City, MI 49686
Are you are experiencing anxiety or depression? Are you distressed in your relationships or with your gender identity or sexual function? Are you in grief, confronting mortality, and managing a complex medical illness or disability? Have you lost what it feels like to be yourself?
Are you are experiencing anxiety or depression? Are you distressed in your relationships or with your gender identity or sexual function? Are you in grief, confronting mortality, and managing a complex medical illness or disability? Have you lost what it feels like to be yourself?
(231) 442-0898 View (231) 442-0898
Photo of Marcie L Hester, Licensed Professional Counselor in Grand Traverse County, MI
Marcie L Hester
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
Traverse City, MI 49686  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
As a client-centered therapist, I believe you are the expert in your own life. I consider it to be a privilege and blessing to be a part of your journey to find fulfillment in your life. I work from a holistic framework, holding the central hypothesis that every person has the innate potential for personal awareness and growth. I strive to maintain the creative and dynamic process of therapy utilizing theory and interventions from multiple models of therapy. I am committed to creating a therapeutic environment based on collaboration, action-oriented interventions, skill building and honest, supportive feedback.
As a client-centered therapist, I believe you are the expert in your own life. I consider it to be a privilege and blessing to be a part of your journey to find fulfillment in your life. I work from a holistic framework, holding the central hypothesis that every person has the innate potential for personal awareness and growth. I strive to maintain the creative and dynamic process of therapy utilizing theory and interventions from multiple models of therapy. I am committed to creating a therapeutic environment based on collaboration, action-oriented interventions, skill building and honest, supportive feedback.
(231) 879-5114 View (231) 879-5114
Photo of Earlene Blevins, Licensed Professional Counselor in Grand Traverse County, MI
Earlene Blevins
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
Traverse City, MI 49684
Not accepting new clients
Do you find yourself struggling with depression, anxiety, grief, or adjusting to challenging life circumstances? As your therapist with nearly two decades of experience, I am here to provide dedicated support tailored to your unique needs. My specialization lies in assisting women of all ages, particularly those navigating issues related to feeling they have lost themselves somewhere along their journey. I help individuals like you discover strength, resilience, and fulfillment because we all want to look back without regrets.
Do you find yourself struggling with depression, anxiety, grief, or adjusting to challenging life circumstances? As your therapist with nearly two decades of experience, I am here to provide dedicated support tailored to your unique needs. My specialization lies in assisting women of all ages, particularly those navigating issues related to feeling they have lost themselves somewhere along their journey. I help individuals like you discover strength, resilience, and fulfillment because we all want to look back without regrets.
(231) 421-6674 View (231) 421-6674
Photo of Elizabeth Marie Tekinski, Licensed Professional Counselor in Grand Traverse County, MI
Elizabeth Marie Tekinski
Licensed Professional Counselor, PhD, LPC, NCC, BC-TMH
Verified Verified
Traverse City, MI 49684
Not accepting new clients
WELCOME! I am so glad you are here. As a pain psychotherapist (etymologically, “psychotherapist” means an “attendant of the soul”), I begin with the conviction that transformation is only possible in the context of a safe and trusting relationship and that your highest Self already knows what it needs to heal. I also am of the Palliative Care Philosophy that “True Pain” consists of at least five dimensions: physical, psychological, emotional, social, and spiritual/existential.
WELCOME! I am so glad you are here. As a pain psychotherapist (etymologically, “psychotherapist” means an “attendant of the soul”), I begin with the conviction that transformation is only possible in the context of a safe and trusting relationship and that your highest Self already knows what it needs to heal. I also am of the Palliative Care Philosophy that “True Pain” consists of at least five dimensions: physical, psychological, emotional, social, and spiritual/existential.
(231) 715-5634 View (231) 715-5634
Photo of Steven McCleary, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Grand Traverse County, MI
Steven McCleary
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW, ADS
Verified Verified
Traverse City, MI 49684
Not accepting new clients
I practice Integrative Psychotherapy, which incorporates all aspects of the person in the change process. Many people who seek counseling do so as a result of experiencing a problem that they cannot resolve on their own. This creates difficulties in moods, behaviors, and relationships as that problem begins to drain their energy and attention. My goal is to assist you in re-connecting with a sense of balance, or integration, in your life.
I practice Integrative Psychotherapy, which incorporates all aspects of the person in the change process. Many people who seek counseling do so as a result of experiencing a problem that they cannot resolve on their own. This creates difficulties in moods, behaviors, and relationships as that problem begins to drain their energy and attention. My goal is to assist you in re-connecting with a sense of balance, or integration, in your life.
(231) 683-4796 View (231) 683-4796
Photo of April Missias, Pre-Licensed Professional in Grand Traverse County, MI
April Missias
Pre-Licensed Professional, LLC
Verified Verified
Traverse City, MI 49686
Are you or a loved one navigating overwhelming changes, grief, and painful losses? Life transitions—large and small—impact our daily lives and can leave us with sometimes conflicting feelings like anger, guilt, anxiety, sadness, inadequacy, and uncertainty that prohibit us from being our true selves and may even create barriers in our relationships. As your counselor, I have experience working with individuals who are grieving the loss of loved ones ranging from miscarriage, child loss, partner, and animal companions, and the challenges accompanying caring for a parent or loved one until their passing.
Are you or a loved one navigating overwhelming changes, grief, and painful losses? Life transitions—large and small—impact our daily lives and can leave us with sometimes conflicting feelings like anger, guilt, anxiety, sadness, inadequacy, and uncertainty that prohibit us from being our true selves and may even create barriers in our relationships. As your counselor, I have experience working with individuals who are grieving the loss of loved ones ranging from miscarriage, child loss, partner, and animal companions, and the challenges accompanying caring for a parent or loved one until their passing.
(231) 300-9592 View (231) 300-9592
Photo of Jackie Hein, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Grand Traverse County, MI
Jackie Hein
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MA, LMSW, CAADC
Verified Verified
Traverse City, MI 49684
Not accepting new clients
Are you struggling with things that have happened to you or that you’ve done? That struggle is a normal reaction to abnormal events that may have left you feeling unlike yourself. It becomes consuming, costing you time with loved ones and friends, money, sense of peace, sleep, pleasure, joy, or your health and you want nothing more than to be yourself again; maybe even find yourself for the first time ever. I don't judge and am here to listen and be with whatever is going on with you, to provide a safe holding place for emotions and problems, and, if you’re ready, to facilitate interventions to help you reach your personal goals.
Are you struggling with things that have happened to you or that you’ve done? That struggle is a normal reaction to abnormal events that may have left you feeling unlike yourself. It becomes consuming, costing you time with loved ones and friends, money, sense of peace, sleep, pleasure, joy, or your health and you want nothing more than to be yourself again; maybe even find yourself for the first time ever. I don't judge and am here to listen and be with whatever is going on with you, to provide a safe holding place for emotions and problems, and, if you’re ready, to facilitate interventions to help you reach your personal goals.
(231) 518-3004 View (231) 518-3004
Photo of Charity Manke, Limited Licensed Psychologist in Grand Traverse County, MI
Charity Manke
Limited Licensed Psychologist, MA, LLP
Not Verified Not Verified
3 Endorsed
Traverse City, MI 49684
As a clinical psychologist, my mission is simple: to help you to identify your goals and provide warm, empowering support while you work toward them. My focus is helping teens and adults navigate anxiety, depression and life changes such as divorce, work/school struggles, illness, and loss. Women's issues- the challenges of motherhood and the pressure to "do it all", especially- are of particular interest to me.
As a clinical psychologist, my mission is simple: to help you to identify your goals and provide warm, empowering support while you work toward them. My focus is helping teens and adults navigate anxiety, depression and life changes such as divorce, work/school struggles, illness, and loss. Women's issues- the challenges of motherhood and the pressure to "do it all", especially- are of particular interest to me.
(231) 333-5322 View (231) 333-5322
Photo of Crystal Duncan, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Grand Traverse County, MI
Crystal Duncan
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
Traverse City, MI 49686
Do the overwhelming demands of life have you or your child feeling stressed, anxious or down? You are not alone! We all experience challenges that impact our daily lives. The first step towards making a change is recognizing that help is needed. I know how hard it can be to ask for help. My goal is to provide a safe and supportive environment for you to navigate through life’s challenges while building positive coping skills. These skills will contribute to a greater sense of well-being. Together we will work on overcoming demanding thoughts and feelings and find a healthy balance through self-discovery.
Do the overwhelming demands of life have you or your child feeling stressed, anxious or down? You are not alone! We all experience challenges that impact our daily lives. The first step towards making a change is recognizing that help is needed. I know how hard it can be to ask for help. My goal is to provide a safe and supportive environment for you to navigate through life’s challenges while building positive coping skills. These skills will contribute to a greater sense of well-being. Together we will work on overcoming demanding thoughts and feelings and find a healthy balance through self-discovery.
(231) 525-4760 View (231) 525-4760
Photo of Julia Kirby, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Grand Traverse County, MI
Julia Kirby
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LLMSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Traverse City, MI 49686  (Online Only)
Now accepting new clients! My sessions are all virtual, and I work with clients throughout the state of Michigan. For a productive experience in therapy, I feel it’s very important for a client to find a therapist whose approach is right for them. My approach to therapy is client-centered. I listen without judgement and help guide you toward finding the answers that are already inside of you. My goal is to make you feel safe and comfortable while empowering you to make progress toward your goals.
Now accepting new clients! My sessions are all virtual, and I work with clients throughout the state of Michigan. For a productive experience in therapy, I feel it’s very important for a client to find a therapist whose approach is right for them. My approach to therapy is client-centered. I listen without judgement and help guide you toward finding the answers that are already inside of you. My goal is to make you feel safe and comfortable while empowering you to make progress toward your goals.
(231) 533-2924 View (231) 533-2924
Photo of Danielle Portillo, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Grand Traverse County, MI
Danielle Portillo
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, BSW, LMSW, SSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Traverse City, MI 49684
My work as a therapist is grounded in the core values of human relationships, dignity and worth of the person, human and cultural diversity, social justice and advocacy, and community mental health. I offer goal oriented and person-centered therapy individualized to client's expressive nature. I work with clients who would like to challenge their growth and get to know themselves in order become a better version of who they are. I believe that each of us has a life path and holds the capacity to authentically contribute to our world in a unique & positive manner.
My work as a therapist is grounded in the core values of human relationships, dignity and worth of the person, human and cultural diversity, social justice and advocacy, and community mental health. I offer goal oriented and person-centered therapy individualized to client's expressive nature. I work with clients who would like to challenge their growth and get to know themselves in order become a better version of who they are. I believe that each of us has a life path and holds the capacity to authentically contribute to our world in a unique & positive manner.
(231) 262-5629 View (231) 262-5629
Photo of Ty Curtis, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Grand Traverse County, MI
Ty Curtis
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LMSW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Traverse City, MI 49684
You are struggling, and have no one to turn to. You have come here seeking solutions, and I can help you find them. Sometimes life does not go the way we planned, or the way we wanted. Whether it's illness, depression, anxiety, doubt, grief, or shame, the end of a relationship, an engagement or marriage, the loss of a loved one, the birth of a child, or the achievement of a long-term goal, I can help you remove the roadblocks and get back on the path to your best life.
You are struggling, and have no one to turn to. You have come here seeking solutions, and I can help you find them. Sometimes life does not go the way we planned, or the way we wanted. Whether it's illness, depression, anxiety, doubt, grief, or shame, the end of a relationship, an engagement or marriage, the loss of a loved one, the birth of a child, or the achievement of a long-term goal, I can help you remove the roadblocks and get back on the path to your best life.
(231) 928-5147 View (231) 928-5147
Photo of Faye Youker, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Grand Traverse County, MI
Faye Youker
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
Traverse City, MI 49684
My approach is unique to each individual. Each individual is shaped in their own life experiences. My role as a counselor is to assist you in identifying your personal goals, while empowering positive change. My goal as a counselor is to listen, advocate, and provide support. I practice an integrated approach based upon individual preferences and needs to meet your therapy goals to enhance your daily living. I work with diverse populations including adolescences, teens, young adults, adults, and geriatric populations. Please email me and we can set up an initial consultation.
My approach is unique to each individual. Each individual is shaped in their own life experiences. My role as a counselor is to assist you in identifying your personal goals, while empowering positive change. My goal as a counselor is to listen, advocate, and provide support. I practice an integrated approach based upon individual preferences and needs to meet your therapy goals to enhance your daily living. I work with diverse populations including adolescences, teens, young adults, adults, and geriatric populations. Please email me and we can set up an initial consultation.
(231) 760-8784 View (231) 760-8784
Photo of Jennifer Kraus, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Grand Traverse County, MI
Jennifer Kraus
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
Traverse City, MI 49684
Waitlist for new clients
Relationships are hard. Parenting is hard. You never thought caring for your baby would leave you feeling depressed, anxious, and/or angry. You and your child could have experienced unexpected stressful events leaving you both wondering how to make sense of it. You may be adjusting to life changes as your family grows or your responsibilities changed causing you to struggle with feelings of loss, irritability, and regret. It’s hard to voice these thoughts which causes you to feel overwhelmed, alone, worried, and confused. For these reasons, it is critical to have support to start to feel connected and excited about relationships.
Relationships are hard. Parenting is hard. You never thought caring for your baby would leave you feeling depressed, anxious, and/or angry. You and your child could have experienced unexpected stressful events leaving you both wondering how to make sense of it. You may be adjusting to life changes as your family grows or your responsibilities changed causing you to struggle with feelings of loss, irritability, and regret. It’s hard to voice these thoughts which causes you to feel overwhelmed, alone, worried, and confused. For these reasons, it is critical to have support to start to feel connected and excited about relationships.
(231) 408-5815 View (231) 408-5815
Photo of Melissa Joy (Ryba) Hall, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Grand Traverse County, MI
Melissa Joy (Ryba) Hall
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Traverse City, MI 49686
Not accepting new clients
Many of us are spending much needed energy reacting to our emotions and letting them control our day to day life. Emotions are important, but they do not have to control you! I specialize in helping you learn to cope with overwhelming emotions, anxiety, and depression. To learn more about my practice you can visit melissajoytherapy.com!
Many of us are spending much needed energy reacting to our emotions and letting them control our day to day life. Emotions are important, but they do not have to control you! I specialize in helping you learn to cope with overwhelming emotions, anxiety, and depression. To learn more about my practice you can visit melissajoytherapy.com!
(231) 389-5637 View (231) 389-5637
Photo of Amanda Stowe, Master Social Work in Grand Traverse County, MI
Amanda Stowe
Master Social Work, LMSW, IMH-E
Verified Verified
Traverse City, MI 49684
You are taking a courageous first step towards finding relief and feeling like yourself again. I believe through a safe and supporting relationship, healing and growth can happen. I am specialized in areas around women's health and mental health experiences, including perinatal wellness( pregnancy, birth and postpartum), attachment, anxiety, trauma, grief and loss. Parenthood and the path to parenthood releases symptoms we never expected, and old wounds that we never thought would surface and rupture. I believe mental health is your intrinsic right. You deserve to be seen, to be heard, and to be well.
You are taking a courageous first step towards finding relief and feeling like yourself again. I believe through a safe and supporting relationship, healing and growth can happen. I am specialized in areas around women's health and mental health experiences, including perinatal wellness( pregnancy, birth and postpartum), attachment, anxiety, trauma, grief and loss. Parenthood and the path to parenthood releases symptoms we never expected, and old wounds that we never thought would surface and rupture. I believe mental health is your intrinsic right. You deserve to be seen, to be heard, and to be well.
(231) 259-9503 View (231) 259-9503

See more therapy options for Grand Traverse County

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Grand Traverse County, MI

200+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in Grand Traverse County, MI who prioritize treating:

93% Anxiety
88% Depression
82% Relationship Issues
76% Trauma and PTSD
76% Coping Skills
76% Self Esteem
74% Stress

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

93% BlueCross and BlueShield
57% Priority Health
57% Blue Care Network

How Therapists in Grand Traverse County, MI see their clients

72% In Person and Online
28% Online Only

Gender breakdown

85% Female
13% Male
2% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Grand Traverse County?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.