Therapists in City of the Village of Clarkston, MI

Photo of Melody Litkouhi, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in City of the Village of Clarkston, MI
Melody Litkouhi
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified
City of the Village of Clarkston, MI 48346  (Online Only)
Hello! I am a Licensed Master Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) who has more than 11 years of experience providing therapeutic services in both English and Spanish to children, adolescents, adults, and families in southeast Michigan and online. My approach to therapy emphasizes learning about and normalizing mental health challenges, empowering clients by gaining self-awareness, acceptance, and new skills to manage those challenges, and mobilizing personal, social, cultural, and spiritual strengths to foster greater emotional well-being and a better quality of life.
Hello! I am a Licensed Master Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) who has more than 11 years of experience providing therapeutic services in both English and Spanish to children, adolescents, adults, and families in southeast Michigan and online. My approach to therapy emphasizes learning about and normalizing mental health challenges, empowering clients by gaining self-awareness, acceptance, and new skills to manage those challenges, and mobilizing personal, social, cultural, and spiritual strengths to foster greater emotional well-being and a better quality of life.
(248) 587-8879 View (248) 587-8879
Photo of Melissa Brabandt, Licensed Professional Counselor in City of the Village of Clarkston, MI
Melissa Brabandt
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified
City of the Village of Clarkston, MI 48346  (Online Only)
I am Melissa Brabandt, a Licensed Professional Counselor with over a decade of experience working with clients living with anxiety and depression, as well as people having difficulty with life transitions and change. I firmly believe that people can live a healthy, happy, and productive life while learning to manage and overcome anxiety and low mood. I would love to help you develop skills to maneuver the waters of feeling stressed out, overwhelmed, or low. My goal is to provide a safe place for you to share your concerns and to help create action steps that reflect your needs and abilities.
I am Melissa Brabandt, a Licensed Professional Counselor with over a decade of experience working with clients living with anxiety and depression, as well as people having difficulty with life transitions and change. I firmly believe that people can live a healthy, happy, and productive life while learning to manage and overcome anxiety and low mood. I would love to help you develop skills to maneuver the waters of feeling stressed out, overwhelmed, or low. My goal is to provide a safe place for you to share your concerns and to help create action steps that reflect your needs and abilities.
(248) 988-0783 View (248) 988-0783
Photo of Jarid Hill, Counselor in City of the Village of Clarkston, MI
Jarid Hill
Counselor, MA, LLC
Verified
2 Endorsed
City of the Village of Clarkston, MI 48346
Your mind races with intrusive thoughts that cause you to worry about everything, or you can't forget about that horrible event that happened to you in your past. Or maybe you lost an important person in your life or experienced a change that took away that feeling of life being normal. You try to move on with life, but you're angry, sad, confused, or feel helpless. Believe me, I’ve been there and done that. And if any of this resonates with you, keep reading or take a look at my website, www.hillside-counseling.com, to find out more about me and what I'm all about.
Your mind races with intrusive thoughts that cause you to worry about everything, or you can't forget about that horrible event that happened to you in your past. Or maybe you lost an important person in your life or experienced a change that took away that feeling of life being normal. You try to move on with life, but you're angry, sad, confused, or feel helpless. Believe me, I’ve been there and done that. And if any of this resonates with you, keep reading or take a look at my website, www.hillside-counseling.com, to find out more about me and what I'm all about.
(248) 971-2253 View (248) 971-2253
Photo of KindMind Counseling, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in City of the Village of Clarkston, MI
KindMind Counseling
Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Verified
City of the Village of Clarkston, MI 48346
KindMind Counseling is an outpatient mental health (therapy) practice in Clarkston, Michigan treating patients struggling with a diverse range of mental health concerns. Our mission is to alleviate the mental health epidemic by bringing greater mental healthcare access to a community that is so critically underserved, while also taking a progressive position to bring an end to the negative stigma that has, without justification, plagued mental healthcare for so long.
KindMind Counseling is an outpatient mental health (therapy) practice in Clarkston, Michigan treating patients struggling with a diverse range of mental health concerns. Our mission is to alleviate the mental health epidemic by bringing greater mental healthcare access to a community that is so critically underserved, while also taking a progressive position to bring an end to the negative stigma that has, without justification, plagued mental healthcare for so long.
(947) 223-2152 View (947) 223-2152
Photo of Ashley Laine, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in City of the Village of Clarkston, MI
Ashley Laine
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified
City of the Village of Clarkston, MI 48346  (Online Only)
My name is Ashley and I am a licensed professional counselor. I have experience working with adults and teens providing individual counseling. I've had a passion for psychology since I was a teen and continue to grow and learn from my practice. I graduated from Wayne State University with my Master's in Social Work. I have experience in inpatient hospitals providing individual counseling and group therapy. In addition, I have provided individual counseling through an agency.
My name is Ashley and I am a licensed professional counselor. I have experience working with adults and teens providing individual counseling. I've had a passion for psychology since I was a teen and continue to grow and learn from my practice. I graduated from Wayne State University with my Master's in Social Work. I have experience in inpatient hospitals providing individual counseling and group therapy. In addition, I have provided individual counseling through an agency.
(248) 479-3680 View (248) 479-3680
Photo of Roxanna Duntley-Matos, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in City of the Village of Clarkston, MI
Roxanna Duntley-Matos
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW, PhD
Verified
City of the Village of Clarkston, MI 48346
I'm Dr. Roxanna Duntley-Matos LMSW, PhD, cultural anthropologist and LMSW in Michigan and Missouri. I address cultural and educational adaptation, emotional/relationship challenges, career stressors, and trauma. I am a former Board member of the MICTF to Prevent Child Abuse and Neglect, and of the Organization of Latino Social Workers-MI.
I'm Dr. Roxanna Duntley-Matos LMSW, PhD, cultural anthropologist and LMSW in Michigan and Missouri. I address cultural and educational adaptation, emotional/relationship challenges, career stressors, and trauma. I am a former Board member of the MICTF to Prevent Child Abuse and Neglect, and of the Organization of Latino Social Workers-MI.
(248) 306-8650 View (248) 306-8650
Photo of Sharyl Harrison, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in City of the Village of Clarkston, MI
Sharyl Harrison
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified
City of the Village of Clarkston, MI 48346  (Online Only)
I am a Licensed Master Level Social Worker with over 25 years of experience working with families, children, adolescents, and individuals. I have a wealth of knowledge in dealing with people who have experienced trauma, grief and loss, anxiety, depression, self-doubt, or have a need for support. My motto is "Meeting people where they are, while providing a safe space for them to express their thoughts and feelings, promotes healing." I completed my master’s degree in social work at Eastern Michigan University.
I am a Licensed Master Level Social Worker with over 25 years of experience working with families, children, adolescents, and individuals. I have a wealth of knowledge in dealing with people who have experienced trauma, grief and loss, anxiety, depression, self-doubt, or have a need for support. My motto is "Meeting people where they are, while providing a safe space for them to express their thoughts and feelings, promotes healing." I completed my master’s degree in social work at Eastern Michigan University.
(248) 522-1009 View (248) 522-1009
Photo of Jonathan Lawrence Lundblad, Limited Licensed Psychologist in City of the Village of Clarkston, MI
Jonathan Lawrence Lundblad
Limited Licensed Psychologist, MA, TLLP
Verified
City of the Village of Clarkston, MI 48346  (Online Only)
I am a psychologist with a passion for meeting someone where they are in their life’s journey. I apply a humanistic psychological perspective to my therapeutic interventions approaching therapy with unconditional positive regard, empathy, and looking at the bigger picture of your life. Through this lens, I believe in client-led therapy where you are the expert of your own life and that any accomplishment done in the therapeutic space is due to the work of the client not me. Together, we will walk hand-in-hand through the journey of life working collaboratively to overcome any obstacle preventing you from being your authentic self.
I am a psychologist with a passion for meeting someone where they are in their life’s journey. I apply a humanistic psychological perspective to my therapeutic interventions approaching therapy with unconditional positive regard, empathy, and looking at the bigger picture of your life. Through this lens, I believe in client-led therapy where you are the expert of your own life and that any accomplishment done in the therapeutic space is due to the work of the client not me. Together, we will walk hand-in-hand through the journey of life working collaboratively to overcome any obstacle preventing you from being your authentic self.
(248) 963-1739 View (248) 963-1739
Photo of Paige Tiedeman, Limited Licensed Psychologist in City of the Village of Clarkston, MI
Paige Tiedeman
Limited Licensed Psychologist, MS, LLP
Verified
City of the Village of Clarkston, MI 48346  (Online Only)
It takes strength to seek help. My goal is to build a safe, non-judgmental environment, where we can explore and find insight together. In therapy, I enjoy working with clients to explore their inner worlds to build self resiliency. In particular, I have an interest in perinatal mood disorders such as postpartum depression and have conducted research in this area. Mostly, I work with adults and young adults who are experiencing anxiety, depression and/or dealing with trauma.
It takes strength to seek help. My goal is to build a safe, non-judgmental environment, where we can explore and find insight together. In therapy, I enjoy working with clients to explore their inner worlds to build self resiliency. In particular, I have an interest in perinatal mood disorders such as postpartum depression and have conducted research in this area. Mostly, I work with adults and young adults who are experiencing anxiety, depression and/or dealing with trauma.
(810) 471-4383 View (810) 471-4383
Photo of Catherine Bau, Pre-Licensed Professional in City of the Village of Clarkston, MI
Catherine Bau
Pre-Licensed Professional, LLMSW
Verified
City of the Village of Clarkston, MI 48346
Hi! I am so proud of you for taking this step! For some, this may be your first time looking for a therapist. Whether it is your 1st or 100th time seeking help, I am here to encourage and support you. We are all captains of our ships and sometimes we need someone to stand by our side and give a little direction while we maneuver through the rocky areas. You will always be in control and can still lean on me for that added guidance. My approach to therapy is person-centered and trauma-focused. I use whatever therapy modality is necessary for your individual and unique situation.
Hi! I am so proud of you for taking this step! For some, this may be your first time looking for a therapist. Whether it is your 1st or 100th time seeking help, I am here to encourage and support you. We are all captains of our ships and sometimes we need someone to stand by our side and give a little direction while we maneuver through the rocky areas. You will always be in control and can still lean on me for that added guidance. My approach to therapy is person-centered and trauma-focused. I use whatever therapy modality is necessary for your individual and unique situation.
(248) 450-0187 View (248) 450-0187
Photo of Shari Bernstein, Licensed Professional Counselor in City of the Village of Clarkston, MI
Shari Bernstein
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified
City of the Village of Clarkston, MI 48346  (Online Only)
I am a therapist licensed in Ohio and Michigan with 20+ years of experience working as a counselor. I have worked with clients with a wide range of concerns including depression, anxiety, relationship issues, career challenges, and substance abuse disorders. I’ve also helped many people who have experienced trauma and emotional abuse. My therapy style is warm and interactive. I believe strongly in authenticity, intuition, and in movement toward self-actualization. I think it’s important to relate to everyone with respect, sensitivity, and compassion, though I also believe in gentle confrontation when it’s needed.
I am a therapist licensed in Ohio and Michigan with 20+ years of experience working as a counselor. I have worked with clients with a wide range of concerns including depression, anxiety, relationship issues, career challenges, and substance abuse disorders. I’ve also helped many people who have experienced trauma and emotional abuse. My therapy style is warm and interactive. I believe strongly in authenticity, intuition, and in movement toward self-actualization. I think it’s important to relate to everyone with respect, sensitivity, and compassion, though I also believe in gentle confrontation when it’s needed.
(248) 988-9203 View (248) 988-9203
Photo of Kay Whitehead, Licensed Professional Counselor in City of the Village of Clarkston, MI
Kay Whitehead
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified
City of the Village of Clarkston, MI 48346  (Online Only)
I am a cognitive-behavioral therapist, committed to supporting and empowering individuals on their quest to identify and examine destructive thinking which leads to negative emotions and problematic behaviors. My work focuses on taking a collaborative approach toward helping individuals transform those harmful thoughts into healthier thoughts that ultimately enhance and improve their overall well-being. I possess a doctorate degree in Advanced Studies in Human Behavior, and a master’s degree in Counseling.
I am a cognitive-behavioral therapist, committed to supporting and empowering individuals on their quest to identify and examine destructive thinking which leads to negative emotions and problematic behaviors. My work focuses on taking a collaborative approach toward helping individuals transform those harmful thoughts into healthier thoughts that ultimately enhance and improve their overall well-being. I possess a doctorate degree in Advanced Studies in Human Behavior, and a master’s degree in Counseling.
(248) 712-3874 View (248) 712-3874
Photo of Adrianna Glasgow, Pre-Licensed Professional in City of the Village of Clarkston, MI
Adrianna Glasgow
Pre-Licensed Professional, LLMSW
Verified
City of the Village of Clarkston, MI 48346  (Online Only)
Hello there! I'm Adrianna Glasgow, a proud alumnus of Michigan State University's Master of Social Work Program. My passion lies in empowering individuals dealing with concerns like anxiety, depression, self-esteem issues, bullying, and life adversities. I want to commend you for being willing to take that courageous step towards therapy. Rest assured, I'll be there to support you every step of the way on your healing journey. For a successful therapeutic relationship, establishing good rapport is essential.
Hello there! I'm Adrianna Glasgow, a proud alumnus of Michigan State University's Master of Social Work Program. My passion lies in empowering individuals dealing with concerns like anxiety, depression, self-esteem issues, bullying, and life adversities. I want to commend you for being willing to take that courageous step towards therapy. Rest assured, I'll be there to support you every step of the way on your healing journey. For a successful therapeutic relationship, establishing good rapport is essential.
(248) 780-7601 View (248) 780-7601
Photo of Savannah Ferrante, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in City of the Village of Clarkston, MI
Savannah Ferrante
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LLMSW
Verified
City of the Village of Clarkston, MI 48346
Throughout life we have experiences that impact us, negatively or positively. While those experiences often help shape who we are as individuals, we can find ourselves needing to actively process them. You deserve a safe space to prioritize yourself, your experiences and your mental health. Together we can work to create that safe space to reach your goals related to your mental health, as well as identifying your strengths and resiliency.
Throughout life we have experiences that impact us, negatively or positively. While those experiences often help shape who we are as individuals, we can find ourselves needing to actively process them. You deserve a safe space to prioritize yourself, your experiences and your mental health. Together we can work to create that safe space to reach your goals related to your mental health, as well as identifying your strengths and resiliency.
(947) 218-6361 View (947) 218-6361
Photo of Cheryl Kolojeski, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in City of the Village of Clarkston, MI
Cheryl Kolojeski
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified
City of the Village of Clarkston, MI 48346
I have extensive experience working with people of all ages struggling with life stressors, mental health disorders, substance abuse, grief and loss, anxiety, depression, sexual abuse, and PTSD. My background includes being a Clinical Director of a substance abuse agency, as well as an Adjunct Professor at Rochester College and OCC. I have also worked assessing military personnel for mental health issues. We live in an ever-changing world, and with any change comes stress and grief. These emotions can be transient, or open the door for other issues to come forward.
I have extensive experience working with people of all ages struggling with life stressors, mental health disorders, substance abuse, grief and loss, anxiety, depression, sexual abuse, and PTSD. My background includes being a Clinical Director of a substance abuse agency, as well as an Adjunct Professor at Rochester College and OCC. I have also worked assessing military personnel for mental health issues. We live in an ever-changing world, and with any change comes stress and grief. These emotions can be transient, or open the door for other issues to come forward.
(248) 654-8225 View (248) 654-8225
Photo of Sherry Pianko, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in City of the Village of Clarkston, MI
Sherry Pianko
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified
City of the Village of Clarkston, MI 48346
Welcome. I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker and have been in the field for over 30 years. I received my Master of Social Work from the University of Michigan. As a social worker, I am committed to creating a safe and supportive environment for clients to share their concerns and work toward healing. Grounded in empathy, the ability to listen, and deep-felt compassion, my clients can find hope and support through our sessions.
Welcome. I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker and have been in the field for over 30 years. I received my Master of Social Work from the University of Michigan. As a social worker, I am committed to creating a safe and supportive environment for clients to share their concerns and work toward healing. Grounded in empathy, the ability to listen, and deep-felt compassion, my clients can find hope and support through our sessions.
(248) 831-0291 View (248) 831-0291
Photo of Judy Hunt, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in City of the Village of Clarkston, MI
Judy Hunt
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified
City of the Village of Clarkston, MI 48346
Life can be complicated and at times, confusing. I would like to help you through life changes, circumstances, and situations in which you find the need for supportive and encouraging counsel. I am excited to help individuals build their strengths in the creation of strong mental health.
Life can be complicated and at times, confusing. I would like to help you through life changes, circumstances, and situations in which you find the need for supportive and encouraging counsel. I am excited to help individuals build their strengths in the creation of strong mental health.
(248) 775-1645 View (248) 775-1645
Photo of Stephani Weber, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in City of the Village of Clarkston, MI
Stephani Weber
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified
City of the Village of Clarkston, MI 48346  (Online Only)
My name is Stephani Weber, I graduated from Wayne State University with my Master of Social Worker in 2013. I specialize in mental and behavioral health treatment ranging from mild to severe. have worked closely with individuals and families diagnosed with PTSD, ADHD, Anxiety, depression, adjustment disorder, OCD, BPD, Conduct Disorder, ODD, schizophrenia, bipolar, and substance use disorders. I am experienced working as a marriage counselor, grief and loss, and relationship concerns.
My name is Stephani Weber, I graduated from Wayne State University with my Master of Social Worker in 2013. I specialize in mental and behavioral health treatment ranging from mild to severe. have worked closely with individuals and families diagnosed with PTSD, ADHD, Anxiety, depression, adjustment disorder, OCD, BPD, Conduct Disorder, ODD, schizophrenia, bipolar, and substance use disorders. I am experienced working as a marriage counselor, grief and loss, and relationship concerns.
(248) 970-1358 View (248) 970-1358
Photo of Jessica Myles, Counselor in City of the Village of Clarkston, MI
Jessica Myles
Counselor, MA, LLPC, SCL
Verified
City of the Village of Clarkston, MI 48346
You're ready to have a helping hand. You are looking for someone who can help you feel heard and understood. I am here to help you with your journey into self-care, self-discovery, and recovery. Trauma can be very heavy to carry around every day, but it doesn't have to be! You will find a support-system with me. What if I told you together we could replace bad images and feelings from past trauma with positive ones? I currently offer ART (Accelerated Resolution Therapy). Together we can make your days brighter!
You're ready to have a helping hand. You are looking for someone who can help you feel heard and understood. I am here to help you with your journey into self-care, self-discovery, and recovery. Trauma can be very heavy to carry around every day, but it doesn't have to be! You will find a support-system with me. What if I told you together we could replace bad images and feelings from past trauma with positive ones? I currently offer ART (Accelerated Resolution Therapy). Together we can make your days brighter!
(248) 461-3565 View (248) 461-3565
Photo of Cara Hudson, Licensed Professional Counselor in City of the Village of Clarkston, MI
Cara Hudson
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified
City of the Village of Clarkston, MI 48346
I believe in having a safe place to tell one’s story. The counseling journey begins with providing an environment in which you feel comfortable, supported, accepted, and understood. This then paves the path to work on complex issues such as anxiety, depression, relationships, grief, life transitions, etc. I hope to help you work towards growth, personal fulfillment, and to gain a better understanding of yourself and others. I’ve worked with diverse populations in the mental health field for over ten years and received my master’s degree in counseling at Oakland University.
I believe in having a safe place to tell one’s story. The counseling journey begins with providing an environment in which you feel comfortable, supported, accepted, and understood. This then paves the path to work on complex issues such as anxiety, depression, relationships, grief, life transitions, etc. I hope to help you work towards growth, personal fulfillment, and to gain a better understanding of yourself and others. I’ve worked with diverse populations in the mental health field for over ten years and received my master’s degree in counseling at Oakland University.
(248) 955-2960 View (248) 955-2960

See more therapy options for City of the Village of Clarkston

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in City of the Village of Clarkston, MI

40+

Average cost per session

$130

Therapists in City of the Village of Clarkston, MI who prioritize treating:

89% Anxiety
78% Depression
73% Stress
71% Self Esteem
64% Trauma and PTSD
60% Life Transitions
51% Grief

Average years in practice

9 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

95% BlueCross and BlueShield
90% Aetna
88% Blue Cross

How Therapists in City of the Village of Clarkston, MI see their clients

54% In Person and Online
46% Online Only

Gender breakdown

89% Female
11% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in City of the Village of Clarkston?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.