Therapists in Lisbon, ME

Photo of Eric Rollins, MA, LCPC, LPCC, Counselor
Eric Rollins
Counselor, MA, LCPC, LPCC
Verified Verified
Lisbon, ME 04250
My clients are seeking relief from their mental and emotional ailments. They are typically contemplating changes they want to make and looking for someone to help motivate and hold them accountable, or they want someone to collaborate with to see what options are available. Therapy only works if there is a solid therapeutic relationship between the counselor and their client. If you're needing help and willing to let me walk with you for a bit on your journey, please reach out. I also offer clinical supervision for new or conditionally licensed counselors.
My clients are seeking relief from their mental and emotional ailments. They are typically contemplating changes they want to make and looking for someone to help motivate and hold them accountable, or they want someone to collaborate with to see what options are available. Therapy only works if there is a solid therapeutic relationship between the counselor and their client. If you're needing help and willing to let me walk with you for a bit on your journey, please reach out. I also offer clinical supervision for new or conditionally licensed counselors.
(207) 531-5371 View (207) 531-5371
Photo of Jamie Folker Lcsw, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Jamie Folker Lcsw
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Lisbon, ME 04250
Not accepting new clients
I am excited at the potential opportunity to work with yourself, or a loved one. Durning therapy I gain an understanding of an individuals perspective in which they see themselves, others, and life’s conditions. I work with the individual to identifying specific problems or issues in your daily life, become aware of unproductive thought patterns and how they can impact your life. I work to identify negative thinking and reshape it in a way that changes how you feel, as well as learn new behaviors and put them into practice. Please note, recently I have had a few daytime openings open up, I do not have any openings past 2pm.
I am excited at the potential opportunity to work with yourself, or a loved one. Durning therapy I gain an understanding of an individuals perspective in which they see themselves, others, and life’s conditions. I work with the individual to identifying specific problems or issues in your daily life, become aware of unproductive thought patterns and how they can impact your life. I work to identify negative thinking and reshape it in a way that changes how you feel, as well as learn new behaviors and put them into practice. Please note, recently I have had a few daytime openings open up, I do not have any openings past 2pm.
(207) 250-4315 View (207) 250-4315
Photo of Rose Heikkinen, LCPC, Counselor
Rose Heikkinen
Counselor, LCPC
Verified Verified
Lisbon, ME 04250
Waitlist for new clients
At times an individual may want extra support to talk about and or explore areas in their life that are causing stress: It can lead to anxiety, depression, mood changes, substance use, compulsive behaviors, and anger. If anyone of these emotional or behavioral issues become significant it can affect relationships, education, finances or day to day functioning. In session, the individual will examine past, present and future experiences that impact thoughts, behaviors, and emotions. There are appropriate and inappropriate ways to better cope with stressors in our life and in session the client will examine which strategies work best.
At times an individual may want extra support to talk about and or explore areas in their life that are causing stress: It can lead to anxiety, depression, mood changes, substance use, compulsive behaviors, and anger. If anyone of these emotional or behavioral issues become significant it can affect relationships, education, finances or day to day functioning. In session, the individual will examine past, present and future experiences that impact thoughts, behaviors, and emotions. There are appropriate and inappropriate ways to better cope with stressors in our life and in session the client will examine which strategies work best.
(207) 506-0247 View (207) 506-0247
Photo of Malorie Johnson, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Malorie Johnson
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Lisbon, ME 04250
Not accepting new clients
Are you experiencing conflict with your teen? With other family members? Are you feeling misunderstood, unheard, or unappreciated in your relationships? I enjoy helping families and young individuals improve communication, understand each another, and resolve conflict effectively. As a Marriage and Family Therapist, I use a collaborative (yes..you'll have to work hard, too!) approach to help my clients improve their relationship quality with others and improve the relationship they have with themselves.
Are you experiencing conflict with your teen? With other family members? Are you feeling misunderstood, unheard, or unappreciated in your relationships? I enjoy helping families and young individuals improve communication, understand each another, and resolve conflict effectively. As a Marriage and Family Therapist, I use a collaborative (yes..you'll have to work hard, too!) approach to help my clients improve their relationship quality with others and improve the relationship they have with themselves.
(207) 762-7570 View (207) 762-7570
Photo of Laura-Lea Langlais, LCSW , ACS, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Laura-Lea Langlais
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW , ACS
Verified Verified
Lisbon, ME 04250
Waitlist for new clients
I am pleased that you have selected me in your mental health journey. I have focused my social work career in joining with individuals to support the changes they wish to see in their life. During your journey in therapy I can promise you will be respected, valued & listened to in a safe, caring environment that will offer honesty & compassion. We will start by identifying what has brought you to therapy and what outcomes you are hoping for. From there we will make a road map on how to achieve what you are wanting. I look forward to partnering with you as you engage in therapy.
I am pleased that you have selected me in your mental health journey. I have focused my social work career in joining with individuals to support the changes they wish to see in their life. During your journey in therapy I can promise you will be respected, valued & listened to in a safe, caring environment that will offer honesty & compassion. We will start by identifying what has brought you to therapy and what outcomes you are hoping for. From there we will make a road map on how to achieve what you are wanting. I look forward to partnering with you as you engage in therapy.
(207) 230-6664 View (207) 230-6664

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of undefined - Terrell, Healthy Minds Counseling Inc , LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Terrell, Healthy Minds Counseling Inc
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Lewiston, ME 04240  (Online Only)
Finding the right fit in therapy can be a challenging process. I provide a client-centered approach by working alongside you to achieve a greater sense of self-worth and a higher quality of life. It is my goal to help you gain relevant insight about yourself and also learn skills to cope with life’s stressors. I have experience helping clients address anxiety, depression, PTSD and other mental health challenges.
Finding the right fit in therapy can be a challenging process. I provide a client-centered approach by working alongside you to achieve a greater sense of self-worth and a higher quality of life. It is my goal to help you gain relevant insight about yourself and also learn skills to cope with life’s stressors. I have experience helping clients address anxiety, depression, PTSD and other mental health challenges.
(207) 496-1911 View (207) 496-1911
Photo of E Merle Bragdon, PhD, Psychologist
E Merle Bragdon
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Lewiston, ME 04240
Most of us develop ways of seeing and engaging the world through 'habits of mind' which may create suffering, lead to anxieties, depression, negative self image, or unsatisfying relationships. Sometimes suffering emerges because of a particular stress in our lives; sometimes it has been a long unwanted companion we can't shake. With guidance and personal effort, we can discover and gradually free ourselves from self-defeating habits of mind. Individuals who may especially benefit from my approach are those who would glimpse beneath the surface of temporary symptoms to the enduring habits of mind which get in our way.
Most of us develop ways of seeing and engaging the world through 'habits of mind' which may create suffering, lead to anxieties, depression, negative self image, or unsatisfying relationships. Sometimes suffering emerges because of a particular stress in our lives; sometimes it has been a long unwanted companion we can't shake. With guidance and personal effort, we can discover and gradually free ourselves from self-defeating habits of mind. Individuals who may especially benefit from my approach are those who would glimpse beneath the surface of temporary symptoms to the enduring habits of mind which get in our way.
(207) 517-2849 View (207) 517-2849
Photo of Theressa Harrigan, MS, JD, LCPC , LCMHC, Counselor
Theressa Harrigan
Counselor, MS, JD, LCPC , LCMHC
Verified Verified
Auburn, ME 04210  (Online Only)
Over the last several years, we have all learned a great deal about our values. We have learned what we do and do not want out of life and our relationships. What is important is much clearer than before. Therapy can help navigate the way to that new life and to healthier relationships. I work with adults and couples of all ages with an emphasis on providing uncomplicated tools and communication skills strongly supported by research. Many clients struggle to stand up for themselves. I can teach that! Client sessions include humor, as it is a coping skill available to all of us.
Over the last several years, we have all learned a great deal about our values. We have learned what we do and do not want out of life and our relationships. What is important is much clearer than before. Therapy can help navigate the way to that new life and to healthier relationships. I work with adults and couples of all ages with an emphasis on providing uncomplicated tools and communication skills strongly supported by research. Many clients struggle to stand up for themselves. I can teach that! Client sessions include humor, as it is a coping skill available to all of us.
(207) 618-8832 View (207) 618-8832
Photo of Jen L. Collins, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Jen L. Collins
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Auburn, ME 04210
Waitlist for new clients
I believe in meeting people where they are at and helping facilitate growth with them.  I believe that people need to feel heard and valued in order to see their own solutions and be empowered to make changes for themselves.  I believe in humanity and valuing people, no matter their race, sexual orientation, religious/spiritual beliefs, gender-identity, socio-economic status, or anything else you deem important to you.  I believe in understanding and communication between people and always strive to facilitate this.
I believe in meeting people where they are at and helping facilitate growth with them.  I believe that people need to feel heard and valued in order to see their own solutions and be empowered to make changes for themselves.  I believe in humanity and valuing people, no matter their race, sexual orientation, religious/spiritual beliefs, gender-identity, socio-economic status, or anything else you deem important to you.  I believe in understanding and communication between people and always strive to facilitate this.
(207) 857-7507 View (207) 857-7507
Photo of Colleen Jillson, LCSW, LADC, CCS, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Colleen Jillson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, LADC, CCS
Verified Verified
Lewiston, ME 04240
Waitlist for new clients
Trauma and adverse childhood experiences can lead to substance use disorders, toxic relationships and a variety of maladaptive behaviors. Recovery is possible.
Trauma and adverse childhood experiences can lead to substance use disorders, toxic relationships and a variety of maladaptive behaviors. Recovery is possible.
(207) 805-8938 View (207) 805-8938
Photo of Elizabeth Key, LCMHC, Counselor
Elizabeth Key
Counselor, LCMHC
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Lewiston, ME 04240  (Online Only)
I am Elle, an LCMHC and podcast host in New Hampshire and Maine. I help people find the connection they long for. I do this by working with Couples Intensively. I specialize with Neurodivergent Couples. Using my unique skills set with a background in brain science and narrative therapy, I additionally work with people looking to address: Anxiety, Spiritual and Emotional Abuse, Body Image Family of Origin Trauma, Relationship Issues, and Faith-based Perspectives on Mental health. To listen to my podcast, The Phoenix Effect, go to your favorite podcast platform.
I am Elle, an LCMHC and podcast host in New Hampshire and Maine. I help people find the connection they long for. I do this by working with Couples Intensively. I specialize with Neurodivergent Couples. Using my unique skills set with a background in brain science and narrative therapy, I additionally work with people looking to address: Anxiety, Spiritual and Emotional Abuse, Body Image Family of Origin Trauma, Relationship Issues, and Faith-based Perspectives on Mental health. To listen to my podcast, The Phoenix Effect, go to your favorite podcast platform.
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Photo of Wendy Lynne Frayer, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Wendy Lynne Frayer
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Lewiston, ME 04240  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
Have you been feeling overwhelmed, stuck, and/or unsupported in your life? Has getting along with others kept you distant and feeling alone? Are you plagued by negative and/or worrisome thoughts that keep you from making decisions? It can be scary to begin the process of therapy and wondering if it can help you. Imagine feeling more confident in yourself and your choices. Maybe you would like to feel more connected to self and others. Together, we will develop safety and trust in the relationship that allows for insight and collaboration into your healing journey.
Have you been feeling overwhelmed, stuck, and/or unsupported in your life? Has getting along with others kept you distant and feeling alone? Are you plagued by negative and/or worrisome thoughts that keep you from making decisions? It can be scary to begin the process of therapy and wondering if it can help you. Imagine feeling more confident in yourself and your choices. Maybe you would like to feel more connected to self and others. Together, we will develop safety and trust in the relationship that allows for insight and collaboration into your healing journey.
(207) 203-6949 View (207) 203-6949
Photo of Hal Earle, LCPC, Counselor
Hal Earle
Counselor, LCPC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Lewiston, ME 04240  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
Do you struggle with overwhelming and unpredictable waves of emotion? Find yourself doing well in certain areas of your life, like work, but feel frustrated or out of control at home or in relationships? Perhaps you’re questioning your gender identity or trying to plan transition steps. My practice specialties including helping people understand and heal from complex trauma, and working with queer and transgender folks. I can also help with a wide range of difficulties such as anxiety, depression, and single incident traumas. Additionally, I provide free assessment and letters for gender affirming surgery.
Do you struggle with overwhelming and unpredictable waves of emotion? Find yourself doing well in certain areas of your life, like work, but feel frustrated or out of control at home or in relationships? Perhaps you’re questioning your gender identity or trying to plan transition steps. My practice specialties including helping people understand and heal from complex trauma, and working with queer and transgender folks. I can also help with a wide range of difficulties such as anxiety, depression, and single incident traumas. Additionally, I provide free assessment and letters for gender affirming surgery.
(207) 407-7530 View (207) 407-7530
Photo of Erik Inbar, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Erik Inbar
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Lewiston, ME 04240  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
The style of therapy I provide explores the stories, thoughts, and beliefs we acquire and create within our lives that impact how we feel and behave. My work incorporates concepts rooted in mindfulness, developing coping skills, and discovering and actualizing our potential. These approaches can be effective in addressing mental health challenges such as anxiety, trauma-based symptoms, depression, and ADHD. I also help those who have challenges related to attachment, stress and anger management, self-worth, and sleep issues.
The style of therapy I provide explores the stories, thoughts, and beliefs we acquire and create within our lives that impact how we feel and behave. My work incorporates concepts rooted in mindfulness, developing coping skills, and discovering and actualizing our potential. These approaches can be effective in addressing mental health challenges such as anxiety, trauma-based symptoms, depression, and ADHD. I also help those who have challenges related to attachment, stress and anger management, self-worth, and sleep issues.
(207) 614-7421 View (207) 614-7421
Maureen Sanford
Psychologist, PsyD, MA
Verified Verified
Lewiston, ME 04240
I’m a licensed psychologist with experience working in inpatient psychiatric, outpatient counseling, and outpatient neurorehabilitation settings. I specialize in clinical neuropsychology, conducting neuropsychological evaluations and brain-based psychotherapy for adults. I also provide consulting services in various settings (e.g. organizational, workers’ compensation, forensic) on topics related to my areas of expertise. You’re welcome to contact me with questions regarding your unique concerns. Examples of the types of referral questions for neuropsychological evaluation I routinely address include:
I’m a licensed psychologist with experience working in inpatient psychiatric, outpatient counseling, and outpatient neurorehabilitation settings. I specialize in clinical neuropsychology, conducting neuropsychological evaluations and brain-based psychotherapy for adults. I also provide consulting services in various settings (e.g. organizational, workers’ compensation, forensic) on topics related to my areas of expertise. You’re welcome to contact me with questions regarding your unique concerns. Examples of the types of referral questions for neuropsychological evaluation I routinely address include:
(207) 466-6934 View (207) 466-6934
Photo of Lise M. Carrier-Pelletier, LADC, CCS, CSOTP, NCACII, SAP, Counselor
Lise M. Carrier-Pelletier
Counselor, LADC, CCS, CSOTP, NCACII, SAP
Verified Verified
Lewiston, ME 04240
I have been working with substance use disorders and families and friends affected by it since 1983. I have years of experience and an interest in helping you succeed. Addictions/Use disorders/Affected Family Members are my focus. Intergenerational issues from this disorder impact children, grandchildren - older or younger - the patterns of behavior are the same. Feeling Isolated? Feeling you are not good enough? People say you are Oversensitive? Tired of using your Charm to "get by"? Need to be Perfect? Helping Others vs. helping yourself? Feel the Need to Change? Call Me!
I have been working with substance use disorders and families and friends affected by it since 1983. I have years of experience and an interest in helping you succeed. Addictions/Use disorders/Affected Family Members are my focus. Intergenerational issues from this disorder impact children, grandchildren - older or younger - the patterns of behavior are the same. Feeling Isolated? Feeling you are not good enough? People say you are Oversensitive? Tired of using your Charm to "get by"? Need to be Perfect? Helping Others vs. helping yourself? Feel the Need to Change? Call Me!
(207) 386-3058 View (207) 386-3058
Photo of Katie Hynes, LCSW, LICSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Katie Hynes
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, LICSW
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Lewiston, ME 04240  (Online Only)
Looking for support, personal exploration, to improve mental health? Counseling can be a great tool for self-improvement. Many of us may find ourselves faced with overwhelming stress, anxiety, depression, and relationship issues in these challenging times. Counseling can be a safe place to process this and a way to discover inner resilience. I especially enjoy working with creative, artistic, intuitive and spiritual individuals. My style is highly interactive and conversational where we will help to identify underlying issues, determine where these originated and help to improve your level of functioning.
Looking for support, personal exploration, to improve mental health? Counseling can be a great tool for self-improvement. Many of us may find ourselves faced with overwhelming stress, anxiety, depression, and relationship issues in these challenging times. Counseling can be a safe place to process this and a way to discover inner resilience. I especially enjoy working with creative, artistic, intuitive and spiritual individuals. My style is highly interactive and conversational where we will help to identify underlying issues, determine where these originated and help to improve your level of functioning.
(603) 945-4311 View (603) 945-4311
Photo of Kim Foskett, LCPC, LPCC, Counselor
Kim Foskett
Counselor, LCPC, LPCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Lewiston, ME 04240  (Online Only)
Hello! I'm so glad we've crossed paths. I wholeheartedly believe you have the answers you need within. Often, though, our experiences have left us with constant thoughts that doubt, shame, & judge us. It gets confusing what to believe. Together, we’ll get to know & understand the cause of your struggles & work towards healing so you learn to love, trust & show up for yourself. Then you're able to show up how you want in relationships, at work & in life. I commit to being fully present & compassionate with you every step along the way. Let's do this! Healing is 100% possible.
Hello! I'm so glad we've crossed paths. I wholeheartedly believe you have the answers you need within. Often, though, our experiences have left us with constant thoughts that doubt, shame, & judge us. It gets confusing what to believe. Together, we’ll get to know & understand the cause of your struggles & work towards healing so you learn to love, trust & show up for yourself. Then you're able to show up how you want in relationships, at work & in life. I commit to being fully present & compassionate with you every step along the way. Let's do this! Healing is 100% possible.
(207) 421-9491 View (207) 421-9491
Photo of Martha J Barry, PhD, MA, Psychologist
Martha J Barry
Psychologist, PhD, MA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Lewiston, ME 04240
Even though you have a natural, built-in ability to heal and regain balance, extra support from therapy can boost resilience in difficult times. Whether change happens through personal choice or unexpected circumstances, I will help you explore, understand and integrate these life-transforming experiences. I take a holistic, mind-body approach in my work as a psychologist, and I will support you to heal and grow in ways that are most meaningful for you.
Even though you have a natural, built-in ability to heal and regain balance, extra support from therapy can boost resilience in difficult times. Whether change happens through personal choice or unexpected circumstances, I will help you explore, understand and integrate these life-transforming experiences. I take a holistic, mind-body approach in my work as a psychologist, and I will support you to heal and grow in ways that are most meaningful for you.
(207) 204-3955 View (207) 204-3955
Photo of Theresa Cain Anderson, MEd, LCPC, Counselor
Theresa Cain Anderson
Counselor, MEd, LCPC
Verified Verified
Lewiston, ME 04240
Not accepting new clients
We all have periods of time in our lives that are more difficult than others. These difficult times can stem from a variety of issues including past trauma, relationship challenges, loss of a loved one, health problems, loss of a job, issues in school, or even a cause that is not quite so clear. My goal as a therapist is to help you develop the personal skills and support network necessary to deal with the many challenges that arise in life.
We all have periods of time in our lives that are more difficult than others. These difficult times can stem from a variety of issues including past trauma, relationship challenges, loss of a loved one, health problems, loss of a job, issues in school, or even a cause that is not quite so clear. My goal as a therapist is to help you develop the personal skills and support network necessary to deal with the many challenges that arise in life.
(207) 517-2405 View (207) 517-2405

See more therapy options for Lisbon

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Lisbon, ME

< 10

Therapists in Lisbon, ME who prioritize treating:

100% Depression
100% Anxiety
80% Self Esteem
80% Stress
60% Life Coaching
60% Parenting
60% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

14 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% Aetna
100% BlueCross and BlueShield
100% Harvard Pilgrim

How Therapists in Lisbon, ME see their clients

100% In Person and Online

Gender breakdown

60% Female
40% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Lisbon?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.