Therapists in Brunswick, ME

Photo of Andrea Medaris, Psychologist in Brunswick, ME
Andrea Medaris
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
1 Endorsed
Brunswick, ME 04011
When marriages fail, it is not increasing conflict that is the cause. It is decreasing affection and emotional responsiveness."- Sue Johnson, author of "Hold Me Tight." I help couples create emotional safety, heal past hurts, and learn to take emotional risks. Emotionally Focused Couple Therapy (EFT) is a revolutionary approach to relationship therapy because it's not just about teaching couples to communicate differently, but instead about guiding them towards a new experience of themselves and each other. Relationships change and grow when we experience our partner in a new way and we learn to be responsive. I can help.
When marriages fail, it is not increasing conflict that is the cause. It is decreasing affection and emotional responsiveness."- Sue Johnson, author of "Hold Me Tight." I help couples create emotional safety, heal past hurts, and learn to take emotional risks. Emotionally Focused Couple Therapy (EFT) is a revolutionary approach to relationship therapy because it's not just about teaching couples to communicate differently, but instead about guiding them towards a new experience of themselves and each other. Relationships change and grow when we experience our partner in a new way and we learn to be responsive. I can help.
(207) 614-7719 View (207) 614-7719
Photo of Sarah Keats Pardue, Counselor in Brunswick, ME
Sarah Keats Pardue
Counselor, LCPC
Verified
Brunswick, ME 04011
I am currently doing telehealth appointments and office appointments. Are you or your child suffering from worry, sadness, or other concerns that you don't know how to deal with? Sometimes you just need a counselor in order to explore where these concerns are coming from and develop new ways to cope, handle or think about situations differently. I counsel adults, adolescents, and children ages 10-12 years old around a variety of concerns. I also work with families to encourage them to communicate more effectively and work through conflicts, as well as develop new ways to manage children's behaviors at home.
I am currently doing telehealth appointments and office appointments. Are you or your child suffering from worry, sadness, or other concerns that you don't know how to deal with? Sometimes you just need a counselor in order to explore where these concerns are coming from and develop new ways to cope, handle or think about situations differently. I counsel adults, adolescents, and children ages 10-12 years old around a variety of concerns. I also work with families to encourage them to communicate more effectively and work through conflicts, as well as develop new ways to manage children's behaviors at home.
(207) 618-9884 View (207) 618-9884
Photo of Dr. Kathleen Cary, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Brunswick, ME
Dr. Kathleen Cary
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, PhD
Verified
Brunswick, ME 04011
Not accepting new clients
Therapy is an experience of collaboration and trust. I tailor my approach to each individual’s needs and preferences. I provide a safe, non-judgmental environment and work from a strength-based perspective. I am interactive, not shying away from giving feedback, but fundamentally believe each individual has the capacity to set their own goals and measure their own success. I have extensive experience treating adults with a variety of disorders such as depression, anxiety, PTSD, and with those suffering from maladaptive coping strategies.
Therapy is an experience of collaboration and trust. I tailor my approach to each individual’s needs and preferences. I provide a safe, non-judgmental environment and work from a strength-based perspective. I am interactive, not shying away from giving feedback, but fundamentally believe each individual has the capacity to set their own goals and measure their own success. I have extensive experience treating adults with a variety of disorders such as depression, anxiety, PTSD, and with those suffering from maladaptive coping strategies.
(207) 503-3238 View (207) 503-3238
Photo of Timothy Eachus, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Brunswick, ME
Timothy Eachus
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW-cc
Verified
1 Endorsed
Brunswick, ME 04011
Currently accepting new clients! Whether the result of traumatic events, family dynamics, life transitions, or the stress of being a human, anxiety presents itself for these and other reasons, and it can feel overwhelming. Not knowing what to do, how to address it, or why it shows up can make us feel like we’re adrift without a paddle. Often, we think that we’re broken or that we need fixing. The truth is that we’re not broken, and anxiety is showing up to tell us that something needs our attention. Finding the answers to these questions can be challenging, and this is where therapy can be helpful.
Currently accepting new clients! Whether the result of traumatic events, family dynamics, life transitions, or the stress of being a human, anxiety presents itself for these and other reasons, and it can feel overwhelming. Not knowing what to do, how to address it, or why it shows up can make us feel like we’re adrift without a paddle. Often, we think that we’re broken or that we need fixing. The truth is that we’re not broken, and anxiety is showing up to tell us that something needs our attention. Finding the answers to these questions can be challenging, and this is where therapy can be helpful.
(207) 656-5217 View (207) 656-5217
Photo of Psychology Specialists of Maine, Psychologist in Brunswick, ME
Psychology Specialists of Maine
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
1 Endorsed
Brunswick, ME 04011
We have October openings in person and tele-health! Our intake specialists will help match you with one of our experienced and caring Maine psychologist with whom you can begin your journey toward meaningful change. We are a local, women-owned therapy center offering specialized therapy for anxiety, depression, trauma, ADHD, OCD, bipolar, grief, eating disorders, personality disorders, health concerns, chronic pain and illness, sleep problems, relationship concerns, and couples counseling. Please visit our website to learn more about our services.
We have October openings in person and tele-health! Our intake specialists will help match you with one of our experienced and caring Maine psychologist with whom you can begin your journey toward meaningful change. We are a local, women-owned therapy center offering specialized therapy for anxiety, depression, trauma, ADHD, OCD, bipolar, grief, eating disorders, personality disorders, health concerns, chronic pain and illness, sleep problems, relationship concerns, and couples counseling. Please visit our website to learn more about our services.
(207) 747-3311 View (207) 747-3311
Photo of Ashley Coulon, Counselor in Brunswick, ME
Ashley Coulon
Counselor, LCPC, ATR-BC
Verified
Brunswick, ME 04011
Currently accepting new clients. I specialize in working with a range of clients dealing with anxiety, depression, trauma, family adjustment, life changes and pre/postpartum depression/anxiety. I hope to provide a safe and supportive environment where a client may work towards feeling they are in a more positive emotional and mental place. Utilizing a collaborative approach allows an individual to feel less alone and more supported, setting them up on a more successful path. Currently the services provided are for adults and adolescents.
Currently accepting new clients. I specialize in working with a range of clients dealing with anxiety, depression, trauma, family adjustment, life changes and pre/postpartum depression/anxiety. I hope to provide a safe and supportive environment where a client may work towards feeling they are in a more positive emotional and mental place. Utilizing a collaborative approach allows an individual to feel less alone and more supported, setting them up on a more successful path. Currently the services provided are for adults and adolescents.
(207) 406-9520 View (207) 406-9520
Photo of Mary Kahrs Kunhardt, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Brunswick, ME
Mary Kahrs Kunhardt
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Brunswick, ME 04011
Not accepting new clients
Although I enjoy working with people of all ages, my specialty is working with teens and young adults. Anxiety, depression, anger, family conflict, school issues, loneliness, relationship/peer issues, and/or substance use are examples of issues I have helped people work through. I believe that sometimes the coping skills we learn to manage one situation can be harmful to us in managing other situations. I want to help you learn new skills that make you feel empowered, loved, and heard.
Although I enjoy working with people of all ages, my specialty is working with teens and young adults. Anxiety, depression, anger, family conflict, school issues, loneliness, relationship/peer issues, and/or substance use are examples of issues I have helped people work through. I believe that sometimes the coping skills we learn to manage one situation can be harmful to us in managing other situations. I want to help you learn new skills that make you feel empowered, loved, and heard.
(207) 806-5490 View (207) 806-5490
Photo of Caroline Capute, Pre-Licensed Professional in Brunswick, ME
Caroline Capute
Pre-Licensed Professional, PsyD
Verified
2 Endorsed
Brunswick, ME 04011  (Online Only)
I specialize in addressing a wide range of relationship and emotion-related issues including depression, anxiety, grief, and particularly trauma (childhood, sexual, race-based, combat, and other). I have experience working with adults of all ages, including LGBTQ+ populations, clients from varied racial, ethnic, and cultural identities, as well as current and former military. I’m also engaged in advanced training in Emotionally Focused Couple Therapy as part of my residency at Psychology Specialists of Maine.
I specialize in addressing a wide range of relationship and emotion-related issues including depression, anxiety, grief, and particularly trauma (childhood, sexual, race-based, combat, and other). I have experience working with adults of all ages, including LGBTQ+ populations, clients from varied racial, ethnic, and cultural identities, as well as current and former military. I’m also engaged in advanced training in Emotionally Focused Couple Therapy as part of my residency at Psychology Specialists of Maine.
(207) 656-1762 View (207) 656-1762
Photo of Robert C Vilas, Psychologist in Brunswick, ME
Robert C Vilas
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
Brunswick, ME 04011
There are many powerful tools available to help individuals, couples, and families achieve meaningful, positive change in their lives. As a psychologist in clinical practice for over 25 years, I am vitally engaged in the process of integrating a broad range of therapeutic practices to meet the unique needs of each client. Effective psychotherapy can be of great assistance in negotiating the complexities of modern human existence. Engaging mind, heart, and intuition, it is a process that may become an "adventure of the Soul" imparting profound benefit beyond the alleviation of symptoms.
There are many powerful tools available to help individuals, couples, and families achieve meaningful, positive change in their lives. As a psychologist in clinical practice for over 25 years, I am vitally engaged in the process of integrating a broad range of therapeutic practices to meet the unique needs of each client. Effective psychotherapy can be of great assistance in negotiating the complexities of modern human existence. Engaging mind, heart, and intuition, it is a process that may become an "adventure of the Soul" imparting profound benefit beyond the alleviation of symptoms.
(207) 358-4530 View (207) 358-4530
Photo of Michele Keef, Marriage & Family Therapist in Brunswick, ME
Michele Keef
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, CIMHP, CNE
Verified
Brunswick, ME 04011
I love to collaborate with clients to assist them in having deeper, more meaningful relationships with both themselves and others. During my 20+ years of practice, my clients have told me that what they have valued the most about my style is my ability to be frank, humorous, warm and approachable. Good therapy is not just talking, its about taking action in your day to day life. I love to teach practical, everyday skills to elicit rapid change. Working with me will be like taking a class in YOU.
I love to collaborate with clients to assist them in having deeper, more meaningful relationships with both themselves and others. During my 20+ years of practice, my clients have told me that what they have valued the most about my style is my ability to be frank, humorous, warm and approachable. Good therapy is not just talking, its about taking action in your day to day life. I love to teach practical, everyday skills to elicit rapid change. Working with me will be like taking a class in YOU.
(207) 687-1606 View (207) 687-1606
Photo of Meredith Pinkham, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Brunswick, ME
Meredith Pinkham
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Brunswick, ME 04011
I work with clients to overcome obstacles and transform their lives, inviting happiness, fulfillment and purpose. Clients say that I am a warm and welcoming person and a trusted listener. As a therapist, I tailor treatment to your specific needs and goals. My approach is collaborative, supportive, and nonjudgemental. I strive to make a comfortable space for you to explore your emotions, thoughts, and behaviors. I can support you with a wide range of challenges including depression, anxiety, stress, life transitions, chronic health/pain, parenting challenges and more.
I work with clients to overcome obstacles and transform their lives, inviting happiness, fulfillment and purpose. Clients say that I am a warm and welcoming person and a trusted listener. As a therapist, I tailor treatment to your specific needs and goals. My approach is collaborative, supportive, and nonjudgemental. I strive to make a comfortable space for you to explore your emotions, thoughts, and behaviors. I can support you with a wide range of challenges including depression, anxiety, stress, life transitions, chronic health/pain, parenting challenges and more.
(207) 716-5102 View (207) 716-5102
Photo of Martha J Barry, Psychologist in Brunswick, ME
Martha J Barry
Psychologist, PhD, MA
Verified
1 Endorsed
Brunswick, ME 04011
Even though you have a natural, built-in ability to heal and regain balance, extra support from therapy can boost resilience in difficult times. Whether change happens through personal choice or unexpected circumstances, I will help you explore, understand and integrate these life-transforming experiences. I take a holistic, mind-body approach in my work as a psychologist, and I will support you to heal and grow in ways that are most meaningful for you.
Even though you have a natural, built-in ability to heal and regain balance, extra support from therapy can boost resilience in difficult times. Whether change happens through personal choice or unexpected circumstances, I will help you explore, understand and integrate these life-transforming experiences. I take a holistic, mind-body approach in my work as a psychologist, and I will support you to heal and grow in ways that are most meaningful for you.
(207) 607-4022 View (207) 607-4022
Photo of Sheri A Clark, Counselor in Brunswick, ME
Sheri A Clark
Counselor, MS, LCPC
Verified
Brunswick, ME 04011  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
I believe that it is necessary to address the physical and emotional aspects of one's self. Therapy is a partnership; it is also a journey that we will share together. I consider myself a very compassionate person, but in therapy I am also very active within the process. I hope that my patients will be open and honest with their issues and needs. Trust and honesty is the basis for therapy to be successful.
I believe that it is necessary to address the physical and emotional aspects of one's self. Therapy is a partnership; it is also a journey that we will share together. I consider myself a very compassionate person, but in therapy I am also very active within the process. I hope that my patients will be open and honest with their issues and needs. Trust and honesty is the basis for therapy to be successful.
(207) 517-0086 View (207) 517-0086
Photo of James Weaver, Psychologist in Brunswick, ME
James Weaver
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
1 Endorsed
Brunswick, ME 04011
Hello, I'm Dr. James Weaver, a licensed Psychologist with over 30 years experience assisting adults, adolescents, couples and families with life, work and relationship issues. My approach is eclectic, drawing on many theoretical points of reference with a strong emphasis on the humanistic theories. Having followed important advances over the years and integrated the best of these into a flexible, effective approach designed to meet each person's needs, I emphasize what is happening for the client here and now, so that, together, we can achieve a new self understanding and a regeneration of energy, purpose and enjoyment.
Hello, I'm Dr. James Weaver, a licensed Psychologist with over 30 years experience assisting adults, adolescents, couples and families with life, work and relationship issues. My approach is eclectic, drawing on many theoretical points of reference with a strong emphasis on the humanistic theories. Having followed important advances over the years and integrated the best of these into a flexible, effective approach designed to meet each person's needs, I emphasize what is happening for the client here and now, so that, together, we can achieve a new self understanding and a regeneration of energy, purpose and enjoyment.
(207) 358-4239 View (207) 358-4239
Photo of Faith Healey, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Brunswick, ME
Faith Healey
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Brunswick, ME 04011
Waitlist for new clients
I help my clients develop the insight necessary to figure out the root of the issue and to apply care to the parts of life that are calling for attention and healing. Change is possible and I believe that therapy can be a potent way to (re)connect to hope and self-compassion.
I help my clients develop the insight necessary to figure out the root of the issue and to apply care to the parts of life that are calling for attention and healing. Change is possible and I believe that therapy can be a potent way to (re)connect to hope and self-compassion.
(207) 489-4099 View (207) 489-4099
Photo of K Pacifico Tapp Gonzaga, Pre-Licensed Professional in Brunswick, ME
K Pacifico Tapp Gonzaga
Pre-Licensed Professional, PhD
Verified
1 Endorsed
Brunswick, ME 04011
I enjoy working with a wide variety of adults in individual and group therapy to address diverse issues across their lifespan. I approach therapy primarily from an Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) perspective. This approach works to increase a person’s ability to be present in the moment, open up to various life experiences and let go of old ones, and take actions guided by their core values. However, I draw upon and integrate other approaches as needed based on my clients’ specific needs, desires, and identities. I am currently completing my residency year at Psychology Specialists of Maine.
I enjoy working with a wide variety of adults in individual and group therapy to address diverse issues across their lifespan. I approach therapy primarily from an Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) perspective. This approach works to increase a person’s ability to be present in the moment, open up to various life experiences and let go of old ones, and take actions guided by their core values. However, I draw upon and integrate other approaches as needed based on my clients’ specific needs, desires, and identities. I am currently completing my residency year at Psychology Specialists of Maine.
(207) 517-2416 View (207) 517-2416
Photo of Amy Lyndaker, Pre-Licensed Professional in Brunswick, ME
Amy Lyndaker
Pre-Licensed Professional, LMFT-C, CLC
Verified
Brunswick, ME 04011
CURRENTLY ACCEPTING NEW CLIENTS. As a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist-C and Certified Life coach, I enjoy working with all aspects of family life. Whether you want to reconnect with your partner, feel you need support while raising children or want to work on yourself, I look forward to supporting you. My style is integrative, using a little bit from a number of approaches to find what fits best for your unique situation. I work to understand your story from your perspective and strive to give tools and insight that will best fit your needs.
CURRENTLY ACCEPTING NEW CLIENTS. As a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist-C and Certified Life coach, I enjoy working with all aspects of family life. Whether you want to reconnect with your partner, feel you need support while raising children or want to work on yourself, I look forward to supporting you. My style is integrative, using a little bit from a number of approaches to find what fits best for your unique situation. I work to understand your story from your perspective and strive to give tools and insight that will best fit your needs.
(207) 742-7038 View (207) 742-7038
Photo of Nancy D Whiteside, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Brunswick, ME
Nancy D Whiteside
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Brunswick, ME 04011
I believe in an individualized approach to counseling/therapy. People often contact me for help with relationships, depression, anxiety, stress management, grief/loss, and other life transitions. To me, each situation is unique. My being a good listener as well as offering a variety of "psychological tools" are both important. For example, tools might include new skills in communication such as better ways to handle conflict or manage difficult emotions like anger, sadness, fear, envy or guilt. Providing a safe, supportive and confidential place to discuss difficult issues is essential. I also believe strongly in building on people's strengths.
I believe in an individualized approach to counseling/therapy. People often contact me for help with relationships, depression, anxiety, stress management, grief/loss, and other life transitions. To me, each situation is unique. My being a good listener as well as offering a variety of "psychological tools" are both important. For example, tools might include new skills in communication such as better ways to handle conflict or manage difficult emotions like anger, sadness, fear, envy or guilt. Providing a safe, supportive and confidential place to discuss difficult issues is essential. I also believe strongly in building on people's strengths.
(207) 358-4017 View (207) 358-4017
Photo of Harold Longenecker, Psychologist in Brunswick, ME
Harold Longenecker
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
Brunswick, ME 04011  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
Generally, it is discomfort that brings us into therapy. Discomfort (anxiety, depression, stress) is borne of an almost limitless array of life circumstances: challenging relationships, problematic perceptions of self, coping with life/work stressors, and the uncertainties we are all facing in today’s world. This universal condition of discomfort, as one famous therapist said; finds us “in the soup together.” As a consequence of our shared humanity, it is in relationship that we humans most commonly find the opportunity for deepened self-understanding and abiding change.
Generally, it is discomfort that brings us into therapy. Discomfort (anxiety, depression, stress) is borne of an almost limitless array of life circumstances: challenging relationships, problematic perceptions of self, coping with life/work stressors, and the uncertainties we are all facing in today’s world. This universal condition of discomfort, as one famous therapist said; finds us “in the soup together.” As a consequence of our shared humanity, it is in relationship that we humans most commonly find the opportunity for deepened self-understanding and abiding change.
(207) 203-4884 View (207) 203-4884
Photo of Donna Bann, Counselor in Brunswick, ME
Donna Bann
Counselor, LCPC, PMH-C
Verified
6 Endorsed
Brunswick, ME 04011
Would you like to feel more calm, confident, hopeful, and energetic? Are you facing roadblocks or transitions in your relationships or family life? Would you like to become more effective at getting your needs met through self-compassion rather than self-criticism?
Would you like to feel more calm, confident, hopeful, and energetic? Are you facing roadblocks or transitions in your relationships or family life? Would you like to become more effective at getting your needs met through self-compassion rather than self-criticism?
(207) 945-8082 View (207) 945-8082

See more therapy options for Brunswick

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Brunswick, ME

100+

Average cost per session

$135

Therapists in Brunswick, ME who prioritize treating:

92% Anxiety
86% Depression
81% Relationship Issues
73% Self Esteem
70% Trauma and PTSD
68% Grief
68% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

15 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

77% Anthem | Elevance
72% BlueCross and BlueShield
57% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in Brunswick, ME see their clients

73% In Person and Online
27% Online Only

Gender breakdown

72% Female
26% Male
2% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Brunswick?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.