Therapists in Silver Spring, MD

Photo of Yarrisa Reid- Comprehensive Clinical Solutions, Counselor in Silver Spring, MD
Yarrisa Reid- Comprehensive Clinical Solutions
Counselor, MC
Silver Spring, MD 20910  (Online Only)
My name is Yarrisa Reid, I'm a Mastered Level Counselor. I want to help you live your Best Life! I enjoy working with young adults and the older adult population. I specialize in individual and couples therapy. I want to to help you tackle issues such as, but not limited to mood disorders (depression/anxiety), trauma, relationships/family conflicts. One size does not fit all, therefore techniques utilized are used and adjusted based upon the client's needs. I focus heavily on one's thoughts, feelings, emotions and response to internal/external stimuli.
My name is Yarrisa Reid, I'm a Mastered Level Counselor. I want to help you live your Best Life! I enjoy working with young adults and the older adult population. I specialize in individual and couples therapy. I want to to help you tackle issues such as, but not limited to mood disorders (depression/anxiety), trauma, relationships/family conflicts. One size does not fit all, therefore techniques utilized are used and adjusted based upon the client's needs. I focus heavily on one's thoughts, feelings, emotions and response to internal/external stimuli.
(240) 679-5674 View (240) 679-5674
Photo of Julie Murphy, Psychologist in Silver Spring, MD
Julie Murphy
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
1 Endorsed
Silver Spring, MD 20904
Not accepting new clients
If you are exploring your identity, making a transition, or coping with negative moods or experiences that you can't change on your own, it is a brave and impressive decision to seek therapy. My years of experience have allowed me to witness the power, hope, and change that can come through therapy that creates a safe, warm, and confidential environment for growth. I provide individuals and couples therapy that focuses on strengths, empowerment, relational change, and healthy strategies for coping with oppression and trauma.
If you are exploring your identity, making a transition, or coping with negative moods or experiences that you can't change on your own, it is a brave and impressive decision to seek therapy. My years of experience have allowed me to witness the power, hope, and change that can come through therapy that creates a safe, warm, and confidential environment for growth. I provide individuals and couples therapy that focuses on strengths, empowerment, relational change, and healthy strategies for coping with oppression and trauma.
(240) 392-6302 View (240) 392-6302
Photo of Girglani Counseling &Therapy, Psychologist in Silver Spring, MD
Girglani Counseling &Therapy
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
1 Endorsed
Silver Spring, MD 20910  (Online Only)
Reaching out for therapy can feel overwhelming. I understand. Yes, it is a leap of faith. If you are feeling stuck, overwhelmed, in pain or numb or would proactively like to address specific concerns. If you are considering therapy for a one time consult, a few visits to address a recent crisis or would like to engage in ongoing therapy, I hope we can work together safely and productively to meet your therapy needs and goals. I collaborate and consult actively with other clinicians for care coordination, medication management or behavioral care as needed.
Reaching out for therapy can feel overwhelming. I understand. Yes, it is a leap of faith. If you are feeling stuck, overwhelmed, in pain or numb or would proactively like to address specific concerns. If you are considering therapy for a one time consult, a few visits to address a recent crisis or would like to engage in ongoing therapy, I hope we can work together safely and productively to meet your therapy needs and goals. I collaborate and consult actively with other clinicians for care coordination, medication management or behavioral care as needed.
(240) 823-5860 View (240) 823-5860
Photo of Michelle L McGrath, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Silver Spring, MD
Michelle L McGrath
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-C, LICSW
Verified
Silver Spring, MD 20910
Not accepting new clients
Not accepting new clients at this time. Finding support for yourself to help get through times of feeling stuck or managing emotions can be so helpful. What I enjoy most about my work is partnering with clients as they build their resilence in working through challenges. I've seen this in both my work as a psychotherapist as well as being a social work care manager and social worker in health care settings for 20 plus years.
Not accepting new clients at this time. Finding support for yourself to help get through times of feeling stuck or managing emotions can be so helpful. What I enjoy most about my work is partnering with clients as they build their resilence in working through challenges. I've seen this in both my work as a psychotherapist as well as being a social work care manager and social worker in health care settings for 20 plus years.
(240) 786-1764 View (240) 786-1764
Photo of Steve Wechsler, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Silver Spring, MD
Steve Wechsler
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-C
Verified
1 Endorsed
Silver Spring, MD 20910
My practice is a mixture of traditional counseling, coaching, and social work case management. Many people come to me because of a specific issue like job stress which is causing anxiety and disrupting family life. Or maybe you are just looking to find sustained and meaningful employment in a challenging economy. Or perhaps you have been affected by our current political climate and need someone to help process your feelings.Whether you fit into these catagories or related mental health issues, I would like to hear from you.
My practice is a mixture of traditional counseling, coaching, and social work case management. Many people come to me because of a specific issue like job stress which is causing anxiety and disrupting family life. Or maybe you are just looking to find sustained and meaningful employment in a challenging economy. Or perhaps you have been affected by our current political climate and need someone to help process your feelings.Whether you fit into these catagories or related mental health issues, I would like to hear from you.
(301) 747-3920 View (301) 747-3920
Photo of Ann E Haman, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Silver Spring, MD
Ann E Haman
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-C, MSW, MA
Verified
1 Endorsed
Silver Spring, MD 20910
Not accepting new clients
You have decided that something in your life needs to change: perhaps chronic stress or emotional pain, confusing behaviors or needs in your child, or your way of dealing with ongoing family issues. Therapy is a collaborative process in which I facilitate these changes. I have significant experience with issues around giftedness and its social-emotional challenges, anxiety, trauma, attachment, and adoption. I treat all clients with respect, interest, and openness. I am a relaxed, approachable person who feels privileged to work at a job I love with children and adults who teach and inspire me with their courage.
You have decided that something in your life needs to change: perhaps chronic stress or emotional pain, confusing behaviors or needs in your child, or your way of dealing with ongoing family issues. Therapy is a collaborative process in which I facilitate these changes. I have significant experience with issues around giftedness and its social-emotional challenges, anxiety, trauma, attachment, and adoption. I treat all clients with respect, interest, and openness. I am a relaxed, approachable person who feels privileged to work at a job I love with children and adults who teach and inspire me with their courage.
(301) 852-7631 View (301) 852-7631
Photo of Alexis Powers, Counselor in Silver Spring, MD
Alexis Powers
Counselor, MS, LCPC
Verified
Silver Spring, MD 20904  (Online Only)
Alexis Powers (MS, LCPC) is a licensed counselor/psychotherapist focusing on the treatment of young adults and life adjustment for older adults utilizing cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for the treatment of depressive disorders, anxiety disorders, AD(H)D, and adjustment disorder, She also offers the opportunity for clients to vent about life’s disappointments and difficulties. Her background also includes work in a local school system, as well as in both inpatient and outpatient settings.
Alexis Powers (MS, LCPC) is a licensed counselor/psychotherapist focusing on the treatment of young adults and life adjustment for older adults utilizing cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for the treatment of depressive disorders, anxiety disorders, AD(H)D, and adjustment disorder, She also offers the opportunity for clients to vent about life’s disappointments and difficulties. Her background also includes work in a local school system, as well as in both inpatient and outpatient settings.
(443) 424-6058 View (443) 424-6058
Photo of Stephanie Spicer Parkhurst, Psychologist in Silver Spring, MD
Stephanie Spicer Parkhurst
Psychologist, PhD, LLC
Verified
Silver Spring, MD 20905
Living with purpose, meaning and happiness calls for self-compassion as you work to heal and grow. I believe we each have the innate ability for personal development that is enhanced when we are in a safe and supportive relationship. It can be hard to ask for help so I work to establish a strong, trusting relationship where needs, experiences and goals can be explored and worked on without fear of being judged. I work with adults experiencing a broad range of concerns including anxiety, depression, stress, trauma, relationship issues, attention/concentration issues, and changing life circumstances.
Living with purpose, meaning and happiness calls for self-compassion as you work to heal and grow. I believe we each have the innate ability for personal development that is enhanced when we are in a safe and supportive relationship. It can be hard to ask for help so I work to establish a strong, trusting relationship where needs, experiences and goals can be explored and worked on without fear of being judged. I work with adults experiencing a broad range of concerns including anxiety, depression, stress, trauma, relationship issues, attention/concentration issues, and changing life circumstances.
(240) 801-6998 View (240) 801-6998
Photo of Sarah Heller Inc., Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor in Silver Spring, MD
Sarah Heller Inc.
Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor, LCPC
Verified
Silver Spring, MD 20910
My down to earth style, arising from over 25 years of experience working with adults, adolescents and children, creates a comfortable, safe environment where together we learn to understand you. I provide individual, couples and family therapy to enable you to better cope with life's continuing challenges. I have extensive experience with individuals who are having trouble coping with depression, anxiety and trauma history. I also enjoy working with couples who are struggling in their relationships. I have a certificate in Advanced Trauma Treatment and I use Gottman Method Couples Therapy in my work with couples.
My down to earth style, arising from over 25 years of experience working with adults, adolescents and children, creates a comfortable, safe environment where together we learn to understand you. I provide individual, couples and family therapy to enable you to better cope with life's continuing challenges. I have extensive experience with individuals who are having trouble coping with depression, anxiety and trauma history. I also enjoy working with couples who are struggling in their relationships. I have a certificate in Advanced Trauma Treatment and I use Gottman Method Couples Therapy in my work with couples.
(240) 752-6789 View (240) 752-6789
Photo of Fabiola Jamieson, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Silver Spring, MD
Fabiola Jamieson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-C, LCSW
Verified
Silver Spring, MD 20910  (Online Only)
Hi, I’m Fabiola! I provide virtual individual therapy for adults living in Utah and Maryland. We will work together to help you create a happier and healthier relationships. We will walk side by side to expand upon your strengths, gain insights, and build relationship skills.
Hi, I’m Fabiola! I provide virtual individual therapy for adults living in Utah and Maryland. We will work together to help you create a happier and healthier relationships. We will walk side by side to expand upon your strengths, gain insights, and build relationship skills.
(410) 936-5481 View (410) 936-5481
Photo of Rebecca Correll in Silver Spring, MD
Rebecca Correll
PhD, BCBA-D, LBA
Verified
1 Endorsed
Silver Spring, MD 20910  (Online Only)
Dr. Correll is a dedicated behavior analyst specializing in applied developmental psychology, with an emphasis on supporting parents in their journey towards value-based parenting. With a wealth of experience and a passion for empowering parents, Dr. Correll offers invaluable guidance and strategies to help families create a harmonious and nurturing environment. As a behavior analyst, I firmly believe that parents play a crucial role in shaping their children's development. I understand the challenges that parents face in today's complex world and the importance of finding a parenting approach that aligns with their values.
Dr. Correll is a dedicated behavior analyst specializing in applied developmental psychology, with an emphasis on supporting parents in their journey towards value-based parenting. With a wealth of experience and a passion for empowering parents, Dr. Correll offers invaluable guidance and strategies to help families create a harmonious and nurturing environment. As a behavior analyst, I firmly believe that parents play a crucial role in shaping their children's development. I understand the challenges that parents face in today's complex world and the importance of finding a parenting approach that aligns with their values.
(240) 800-7303 View (240) 800-7303
Photo of Angela Gilbert, Psychologist in Silver Spring, MD
Angela Gilbert
Psychologist, PsyD, NBCCH
Verified
Silver Spring, MD 20910
I am a seasoned psychologist, consultant, clinician who has been practicing in the DC 30 years. I'm returning to f/t self employment/ private practice after working f/t in the medical context at Walter Reed Bethesda, Kaiser, Nursing homes. Strengths as an agent of positive change include my personable, collaborative approach and our success in achieving agreed- upon desired results. I have extensive experience in the fields of behavioral medicine, trauma recovery, hypnosis, and clinical supervision and training. My clients see positive results and return on investment relatively quickly. I love this work, and always learning.
I am a seasoned psychologist, consultant, clinician who has been practicing in the DC 30 years. I'm returning to f/t self employment/ private practice after working f/t in the medical context at Walter Reed Bethesda, Kaiser, Nursing homes. Strengths as an agent of positive change include my personable, collaborative approach and our success in achieving agreed- upon desired results. I have extensive experience in the fields of behavioral medicine, trauma recovery, hypnosis, and clinical supervision and training. My clients see positive results and return on investment relatively quickly. I love this work, and always learning.
(240) 647-9278 View (240) 647-9278
Photo of Vernon Byrd Coulon, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Silver Spring, MD
Vernon Byrd Coulon
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-C
Verified
Silver Spring, MD 20910
We all deserve to be happy. Sometimes events and circumstances may get in our way. Using holistic approaches to compliment traditional talk therapy, I hope you will let me help you on your journey of self-discovery and healing. Whether you are dealing with traumatic issues or life challenges, these methods work! As one client shared with me, "after years in talk therapy, this is the first time that I am beginning to feel integrated and whole." If you are ready, please accept my offer to share this journey with you.
We all deserve to be happy. Sometimes events and circumstances may get in our way. Using holistic approaches to compliment traditional talk therapy, I hope you will let me help you on your journey of self-discovery and healing. Whether you are dealing with traumatic issues or life challenges, these methods work! As one client shared with me, "after years in talk therapy, this is the first time that I am beginning to feel integrated and whole." If you are ready, please accept my offer to share this journey with you.
(301) 804-2305 View (301) 804-2305
Photo of Jude Liberatoscioli, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Silver Spring, MD
Jude Liberatoscioli
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Silver Spring, MD 20910  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
Every person deserves a space where they feel truly understood. I strive to develop a safe environment for my clients within which we can explore their personal goals, difficult feelings, unique strengths, and innermost selves. Clients who are members of the LGBTQ+ community, neurodiverse, have been in unhealthy or abusive relationships, and have experiences including depression, anxiety, trauma, obsessive compulsive disorder, and borderline personality disorder can find a warm and welcoming space in our sessions to begin to open up. I enjoy working with adults, and find that I am often a wonderful fit for teens and young adults.
Every person deserves a space where they feel truly understood. I strive to develop a safe environment for my clients within which we can explore their personal goals, difficult feelings, unique strengths, and innermost selves. Clients who are members of the LGBTQ+ community, neurodiverse, have been in unhealthy or abusive relationships, and have experiences including depression, anxiety, trauma, obsessive compulsive disorder, and borderline personality disorder can find a warm and welcoming space in our sessions to begin to open up. I enjoy working with adults, and find that I am often a wonderful fit for teens and young adults.
(301) 781-7592 View (301) 781-7592
Photo of Kathy Wallens, Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor in Silver Spring, MD
Kathy Wallens
Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor, LCPC, BC-DMT, NCC
Verified
Silver Spring, MD 20905  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
Life is challenging no matter who we are. And there are times in our lives when we need extra support to get through the bumps and bruises life presents, whether suddenly or over a protracted period. I have been working with adults and seniors in the Washington DC area for over 40 years. I am experienced in working with individuals dealing with anxiety, depression, panic attacks and phobias, grief and loss, relationship issues and more. I also have extensive experience working with individuals with developmental delays.
Life is challenging no matter who we are. And there are times in our lives when we need extra support to get through the bumps and bruises life presents, whether suddenly or over a protracted period. I have been working with adults and seniors in the Washington DC area for over 40 years. I am experienced in working with individuals dealing with anxiety, depression, panic attacks and phobias, grief and loss, relationship issues and more. I also have extensive experience working with individuals with developmental delays.
(240) 696-4167 View (240) 696-4167
Photo of Re-New Psychological Services, Psychologist in Silver Spring, MD
Re-New Psychological Services
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
2 Endorsed
Silver Spring, MD 20910  (Online Only)
At Re-New Psychological we are of the belief that you're doing the best you can with the tools that you have. We work to help you identify your strengths and your successes and identify areas of growth. Rather than highlighting pathology in your life, we help you develop new tools to overcome any roadblocks you have encountered. We bring clinical expertise to our work with you, but regard you as the expert on your life. You can expect that our work with you will be collaborative and goal-focused.
At Re-New Psychological we are of the belief that you're doing the best you can with the tools that you have. We work to help you identify your strengths and your successes and identify areas of growth. Rather than highlighting pathology in your life, we help you develop new tools to overcome any roadblocks you have encountered. We bring clinical expertise to our work with you, but regard you as the expert on your life. You can expect that our work with you will be collaborative and goal-focused.
(202) 688-3813 View (202) 688-3813
Photo of Ayushi Tibrewala, Counselor in Silver Spring, MD
Ayushi Tibrewala
Counselor, LGPC
Verified
2 Endorsed
Silver Spring, MD 20910
Are you struggling with a big change in your life? Do you feel like you can't bring your authentic self into the world? Do you feel stressed, disconnected, or ashamed? Then you've come to the right place! We'll collaborate on a plan to build skills and generate insight so that you can foster authentic connections with yourself and others. I work with individuals adults.
Are you struggling with a big change in your life? Do you feel like you can't bring your authentic self into the world? Do you feel stressed, disconnected, or ashamed? Then you've come to the right place! We'll collaborate on a plan to build skills and generate insight so that you can foster authentic connections with yourself and others. I work with individuals adults.
(240) 377-0042 View (240) 377-0042
Photo of Katherine Richardson, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Silver Spring, MD
Katherine Richardson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Silver Spring, MD 20910
Not accepting new clients
Do you feel you are not fulfilling your potential in life and love? Are there things you want to change about yourself, your situation, your partner? I use a multidimensional understanding of a person to quickly identify core issues. All people have strengths and gifts of which they are often unaware. Together we can uncover these strengths, develop new capacities and chart a course for the future. I'm an interactive, engaged therapist. I use a variety of techniques from cognitive, somatic and depth psychology, to promote self-awareness and emotional growth.
Do you feel you are not fulfilling your potential in life and love? Are there things you want to change about yourself, your situation, your partner? I use a multidimensional understanding of a person to quickly identify core issues. All people have strengths and gifts of which they are often unaware. Together we can uncover these strengths, develop new capacities and chart a course for the future. I'm an interactive, engaged therapist. I use a variety of techniques from cognitive, somatic and depth psychology, to promote self-awareness and emotional growth.
(240) 392-1505 View (240) 392-1505
Photo of Emilia Casale, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Silver Spring, MD
Emilia Casale
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Silver Spring, MD 20910  (Online Only)
Have you been having a hard time finding the joy and balance in your life, despite your best efforts? Have you found yourself feeling down, stressed out, anxious, or just plain burned out? There are many reasons why individuals choose to engage in therapy but no matter what your needs may be, you can rest assured that you are in the right place for a life re-set! I am a Clinical Social Worker (LCSW-C) licensed in Maryland with over 7 years of experience working as an individual and family therapist.
Have you been having a hard time finding the joy and balance in your life, despite your best efforts? Have you found yourself feeling down, stressed out, anxious, or just plain burned out? There are many reasons why individuals choose to engage in therapy but no matter what your needs may be, you can rest assured that you are in the right place for a life re-set! I am a Clinical Social Worker (LCSW-C) licensed in Maryland with over 7 years of experience working as an individual and family therapist.
(240) 261-0269 View (240) 261-0269
Photo of Julia Stephenson, Counselor in Silver Spring, MD
Julia Stephenson
Counselor, LGPC, MA
Verified
Silver Spring, MD 20901
The relationships that we develop with ourselves shapes self-perception and wellbeing, which effect our quality of life. My approach to therapy is rooted in this core belief. In therapy, our journey will be one of collaboration, as we work together to uncover the obstacles that are holding you back and begin to access your inner wisdom. In the end, I hope you experience increased self-awareness and compassion, feeling empowered to follow your own path with clarity and authenticity.
The relationships that we develop with ourselves shapes self-perception and wellbeing, which effect our quality of life. My approach to therapy is rooted in this core belief. In therapy, our journey will be one of collaboration, as we work together to uncover the obstacles that are holding you back and begin to access your inner wisdom. In the end, I hope you experience increased self-awareness and compassion, feeling empowered to follow your own path with clarity and authenticity.
(240) 932-5134 x702 View (240) 932-5134 x702

See more therapy options for Silver Spring

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Silver Spring, MD

900+

Average cost per session

$158

Therapists in Silver Spring, MD who prioritize treating:

94% Anxiety
89% Depression
79% Relationship Issues
77% Self Esteem
70% Coping Skills
67% Trauma and PTSD
65% Stress

Average years in practice

13 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

74% CareFirst
72% BlueCross and BlueShield
61% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in Silver Spring, MD see their clients

54% In Person and Online
46% Online Only

Gender breakdown

80% Female
19% Male
1% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Silver Spring?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.