Therapists in Salisbury, MD

Photo of Anne Hoffman, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Salisbury, MD
Anne Hoffman
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-C
Verified
Salisbury, MD 21801  (Online Only)
Life isn't always what we expect it to be. And while family and friends can be great supports, sometimes we need an objective person to talk to who isn't personally connected to us. That's where seeing a therapist can help; you don't have to figure it all out by yourself. I provide a comfortable, caring atmosphere where you can speak freely without fear of judgment. We'll focus on the things that are important to you.
Life isn't always what we expect it to be. And while family and friends can be great supports, sometimes we need an objective person to talk to who isn't personally connected to us. That's where seeing a therapist can help; you don't have to figure it all out by yourself. I provide a comfortable, caring atmosphere where you can speak freely without fear of judgment. We'll focus on the things that are important to you.
(667) 281-0203 View (667) 281-0203
Photo of Bana Mental Health, LLC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Salisbury, MD
Bana Mental Health, LLC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-C
Verified
Salisbury, MD 21801
So many people go through constant life pressures such as family-related problems, challenges within inter-personal relationships, and marital issues compounded with unresolved past trauma. It is understandable that we initially seek relief but ultimately, we need clarity of mind and freedom from suffering. Everyone's journey is different; and every single person needs to be seen and heard. That's why I do what I do as a therapist - to be there for you.
So many people go through constant life pressures such as family-related problems, challenges within inter-personal relationships, and marital issues compounded with unresolved past trauma. It is understandable that we initially seek relief but ultimately, we need clarity of mind and freedom from suffering. Everyone's journey is different; and every single person needs to be seen and heard. That's why I do what I do as a therapist - to be there for you.
(410) 873-9085 View (410) 873-9085
Photo of Joey Sheffield, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Salisbury, MD
Joey Sheffield
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Salisbury, MD 21801
Are you consumed with disturbing automatic thoughts, and spending hours chasing, analyzing, reviewing, and giving meaning to the intrusive thoughts? As someone that’s been in your shoes, there is hope and recovery to overcome OCD. I will teach you how to change your relationship with anxiety by looking it in the face and walking towards it instead of walking away. It is easy to stay trapped and believe the false messages that your OCD feeds you. I will teach you how to rewire your brain into no longer believing those false threats that your brain is torturing you with. My treatment approach teaches you how to stop competing
Are you consumed with disturbing automatic thoughts, and spending hours chasing, analyzing, reviewing, and giving meaning to the intrusive thoughts? As someone that’s been in your shoes, there is hope and recovery to overcome OCD. I will teach you how to change your relationship with anxiety by looking it in the face and walking towards it instead of walking away. It is easy to stay trapped and believe the false messages that your OCD feeds you. I will teach you how to rewire your brain into no longer believing those false threats that your brain is torturing you with. My treatment approach teaches you how to stop competing
(240) 363-9651 View (240) 363-9651
Photo of Farah VanGenderen, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Salisbury, MD
Farah VanGenderen
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-C
Verified
Salisbury, MD 21801
Not accepting new clients
When people experience severe life stressors and change, it's not uncommon for things to unravel in the shakeup. My passion is bringing healing to those in these seasons of life and to help in supporting and promoting healthy growth and change. I also love teaching and supervision and am on the Maryland Supervisors listing. I have been trained in a range of modalities and am a certified EMDR and TF-CBT therapist with extensive work with Sleep and Dreaming Practices to Heal as a Lucid Dream Facilitator, as well as decades working with grief, attachment theory and trauma.
When people experience severe life stressors and change, it's not uncommon for things to unravel in the shakeup. My passion is bringing healing to those in these seasons of life and to help in supporting and promoting healthy growth and change. I also love teaching and supervision and am on the Maryland Supervisors listing. I have been trained in a range of modalities and am a certified EMDR and TF-CBT therapist with extensive work with Sleep and Dreaming Practices to Heal as a Lucid Dream Facilitator, as well as decades working with grief, attachment theory and trauma.
(410) 376-8836 View (410) 376-8836
Photo of Melissa Rivero, Counselor in Salisbury, MD
Melissa Rivero
Counselor, LCPC, MS
Verified
Salisbury, MD 21801
Welcome, you have taken the hardest step, reaching out for help. I am here to ensure that the rest of your experience is a positive one. It is my goal to help clients discover and understand their position in the world, cultivate self-acceptance, and create meaning for themselves. I believe that we all have the tools to heal, if we are given the space to express ourselves authentically. I believe in collaboratively setting goals with clients and empowering them to use their strengths to overcome difficulties.I work with all age ranges, including children, adolescents/teens, young adults and adults.
Welcome, you have taken the hardest step, reaching out for help. I am here to ensure that the rest of your experience is a positive one. It is my goal to help clients discover and understand their position in the world, cultivate self-acceptance, and create meaning for themselves. I believe that we all have the tools to heal, if we are given the space to express ourselves authentically. I believe in collaboratively setting goals with clients and empowering them to use their strengths to overcome difficulties.I work with all age ranges, including children, adolescents/teens, young adults and adults.
(410) 205-9444 View (410) 205-9444
Photo of Catherine Mary Beers, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Salisbury, MD
Catherine Mary Beers
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-C
Verified
Salisbury, MD 21804
Not accepting new clients
Ideally, clients develop a trust with their therapist to work towards resolving those situations that are causing them stress, pain, discomfort or anxiety. Therapy is like a journey that requires trust, support and guidance in order to reach a goal. I have been working with individuals, children and families since 1989 in a variety of settings. I work extensively with victims of trauma, separation/divorce, and clients dealing with depression, bereavement and anxiety. If your goal is to reach inner peace then I can assist you in completing that journey.
Ideally, clients develop a trust with their therapist to work towards resolving those situations that are causing them stress, pain, discomfort or anxiety. Therapy is like a journey that requires trust, support and guidance in order to reach a goal. I have been working with individuals, children and families since 1989 in a variety of settings. I work extensively with victims of trauma, separation/divorce, and clients dealing with depression, bereavement and anxiety. If your goal is to reach inner peace then I can assist you in completing that journey.
(443) 880-2829 View (443) 880-2829
Photo of Advanced Behavioral Health Counseling Services,LLC, Counselor in Salisbury, MD
Advanced Behavioral Health Counseling Services,LLC
Counselor, LCPC, LCADC, NCC, MAC
Verified
Salisbury, MD 21801
As a licensed clinical professional counselor with a broad range of knowledge and experience of over 20 years in both the mental health and substance abuse fields, it's important to meet the client "where they are," emotionally, spritually, and psychologically. My approach to counseling is cognitive behavioral targeted towards empowerment of the client, changing negative thinking patterns and identifying client strengths to bring positive life altering changes. Other modalities of treatment are utilized as necessary, tailored to client needs. I work with individuals, families, couples, and veterans. My style is nonjudgmental with a high degree of respect, warmth and support.
As a licensed clinical professional counselor with a broad range of knowledge and experience of over 20 years in both the mental health and substance abuse fields, it's important to meet the client "where they are," emotionally, spritually, and psychologically. My approach to counseling is cognitive behavioral targeted towards empowerment of the client, changing negative thinking patterns and identifying client strengths to bring positive life altering changes. Other modalities of treatment are utilized as necessary, tailored to client needs. I work with individuals, families, couples, and veterans. My style is nonjudgmental with a high degree of respect, warmth and support.
(443) 305-6428 View (443) 305-6428
Photo of Marion F Travers @ Lifemark, Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor in Salisbury, MD
Marion F Travers @ Lifemark
Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor, EdD, LCPC, LCADC, MAC, CRC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Salisbury, MD 21804
Waitlist for new clients
LifeMark provides quality, clinical psychotherapy with a committment to excellence. We serve culturally diverse individuals, couples, families, and groups and enjoy working with people of all ages. We accommodate the individual needs of each of our clients and consider it a privilege to lean in to their stories and walk with them toward healing and wholeness. Our therapists are credentialed as Licensed Clinical Social Workers, Licensed Clinical Professional Counselors, Licensed Clinical Drug and Alcohol Counselors, Master Addictions Counselors, National Certified Counselors, and Certified Rehabilitation Counselors.
LifeMark provides quality, clinical psychotherapy with a committment to excellence. We serve culturally diverse individuals, couples, families, and groups and enjoy working with people of all ages. We accommodate the individual needs of each of our clients and consider it a privilege to lean in to their stories and walk with them toward healing and wholeness. Our therapists are credentialed as Licensed Clinical Social Workers, Licensed Clinical Professional Counselors, Licensed Clinical Drug and Alcohol Counselors, Master Addictions Counselors, National Certified Counselors, and Certified Rehabilitation Counselors.
(443) 275-5361 View (443) 275-5361
Photo of Pridgett Harmon, Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor in Salisbury, MD
Pridgett Harmon
Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor
Verified
Salisbury, MD 21804  (Online Only)
I am a Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor. (LCPC) I hold Bachelor of Science degree in Rehabilitation I also hold a Master’s of Education in Guidance/Community Counseling along with a Master’s of Science degree in Rehabilitation Counseling. My clinical expertise includes (not limited to) Marriage and Family Therapy, Individual Therapy, LGBTQ Therapy and Group Therapy. I also have clinical expertise in the field of behavioral health. I am experienced with conducting mental health needs evaluations, mental health and substance abuse assessments, counseling in both the individual and group settings,
I am a Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor. (LCPC) I hold Bachelor of Science degree in Rehabilitation I also hold a Master’s of Education in Guidance/Community Counseling along with a Master’s of Science degree in Rehabilitation Counseling. My clinical expertise includes (not limited to) Marriage and Family Therapy, Individual Therapy, LGBTQ Therapy and Group Therapy. I also have clinical expertise in the field of behavioral health. I am experienced with conducting mental health needs evaluations, mental health and substance abuse assessments, counseling in both the individual and group settings,
(218) 475-4818 View (218) 475-4818
Photo of Theresa Huffines, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Salisbury, MD
Theresa Huffines
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-C
Verified
Salisbury, MD 21801  (Online Only)
Accepting new clients in MD and FL, providing therapy to those seeking personal growth, clarity, emotional regulation, and overall wellness. Within each of us is the power to achieve happier, healthier, and more productive lives. With each step we take, we learn to walk confidently in the direction of your goals, knowing that everything you need is on your path. We recognize that in each journey, challenges present themselves. These challenges are an opportunity to review, re-evaluate, and re-define the present and future by empowering the individual to never lose sight of their destination, while keeping the faith they will arrive.
Accepting new clients in MD and FL, providing therapy to those seeking personal growth, clarity, emotional regulation, and overall wellness. Within each of us is the power to achieve happier, healthier, and more productive lives. With each step we take, we learn to walk confidently in the direction of your goals, knowing that everything you need is on your path. We recognize that in each journey, challenges present themselves. These challenges are an opportunity to review, re-evaluate, and re-define the present and future by empowering the individual to never lose sight of their destination, while keeping the faith they will arrive.
(667) 281-0985 View (667) 281-0985
Photo of A New Day Recovery Services, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Salisbury, MD
A New Day Recovery Services
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-C, CAC-AD
Verified
Salisbury, MD 21801
I am a private practice located on a farm which provides a unique and private therapy experience. Getting out of the city may help you to relax and focus in a calm natural environment. I specialize in substance use disorder, co-occurring disorders, anxiety, and trauma. My approach is to help build skills and knowledge to allow you to take charge of your treatment and life. I utilize a variety of therapies such as CBT, ACT, Motiv. Int., Equine, and Mindfulness. I do not have an agenda, I will listen to your needs and goals and create a plan with you to achieve them. Today is a new day, you can use it to start reaching your goals.
I am a private practice located on a farm which provides a unique and private therapy experience. Getting out of the city may help you to relax and focus in a calm natural environment. I specialize in substance use disorder, co-occurring disorders, anxiety, and trauma. My approach is to help build skills and knowledge to allow you to take charge of your treatment and life. I utilize a variety of therapies such as CBT, ACT, Motiv. Int., Equine, and Mindfulness. I do not have an agenda, I will listen to your needs and goals and create a plan with you to achieve them. Today is a new day, you can use it to start reaching your goals.
(410) 261-4468 View (410) 261-4468
Photo of Hopes Helping Hands LLC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Salisbury, MD
Hopes Helping Hands LLC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-C
Verified
1 Endorsed
Salisbury, MD 21804
Do you need help? Are you trying to sort it all out? That's why we are here, to help you, and/or your loved ones. We do all of that without any judgment. Our ideal client is you! Should you have a broad array of needs or an individualized goal, our aim is to share in this and help you become your best self (ves). Our licensed therapist team is prepared and capable to journey with you to the next level. We provide our expertise in all of Maryland and all of Delaware. We look forward to your call or email!
Do you need help? Are you trying to sort it all out? That's why we are here, to help you, and/or your loved ones. We do all of that without any judgment. Our ideal client is you! Should you have a broad array of needs or an individualized goal, our aim is to share in this and help you become your best self (ves). Our licensed therapist team is prepared and capable to journey with you to the next level. We provide our expertise in all of Maryland and all of Delaware. We look forward to your call or email!
(667) 843-7782 View (667) 843-7782
Photo of Diana Barabas, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Salisbury, MD
Diana Barabas
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-C
Verified
Salisbury, MD 21804  (Online Only)
Welcome, and thank you for considering me to walk alongside of you in your journey to a better life! I believe that we all have an innate capacity to heal and grow, just as I am aware that at times we all need a safe and trusting space to work through problems or life transitions. Having a trusting relationship with a therapist can be a great support whether you are dealing with grief, trauma, depression, anxiety, burnout, or relationship issues. Let me help! I honor each individual’s unique background, story, and characteristics, and I draw from several approaches to tailor treatment to suit your individual needs.
Welcome, and thank you for considering me to walk alongside of you in your journey to a better life! I believe that we all have an innate capacity to heal and grow, just as I am aware that at times we all need a safe and trusting space to work through problems or life transitions. Having a trusting relationship with a therapist can be a great support whether you are dealing with grief, trauma, depression, anxiety, burnout, or relationship issues. Let me help! I honor each individual’s unique background, story, and characteristics, and I draw from several approaches to tailor treatment to suit your individual needs.
(667) 230-5568 View (667) 230-5568
Photo of Janelle Beiler @ Lifemark, Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor in Salisbury, MD
Janelle Beiler @ Lifemark
Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor, LCPC, ACS, NCC, MCRSP, CT
Verified
1 Endorsed
Salisbury, MD 21804
Waitlist for new clients
LifeMark exists to serve culturally diverse individuals, couples, families, and groups through counseling, vocational and educational services. We are mindful that everyone is different and are sensitive to the individual needs of each of our consumers. We consider it our privilege to assist individuals in moving forward to a better life. Our scope is broad, as we have therapists that have specific training to deal with most issues.
LifeMark exists to serve culturally diverse individuals, couples, families, and groups through counseling, vocational and educational services. We are mindful that everyone is different and are sensitive to the individual needs of each of our consumers. We consider it our privilege to assist individuals in moving forward to a better life. Our scope is broad, as we have therapists that have specific training to deal with most issues.
(443) 991-7264 View (443) 991-7264
Photo of Donna Leffew, Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor in Salisbury, MD
Donna Leffew
Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor, MA, LCPC
Verified
Salisbury, MD 21801
A caring, compassionate mental health provider with extensive training, expertise and experience is essential when looking for a competent therapist. These are all of the qualities and qualifications I strive for in my own practice. I am happy to discuss with you whether or not my services are a good fit for you.
A caring, compassionate mental health provider with extensive training, expertise and experience is essential when looking for a competent therapist. These are all of the qualities and qualifications I strive for in my own practice. I am happy to discuss with you whether or not my services are a good fit for you.
(667) 220-5756 View (667) 220-5756
Photo of Eva Marshall, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Salisbury, MD
Eva Marshall
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW, RYT200, WMST
Verified
Salisbury, MD 21801
***NOW ACCEPTING CLIENTS*** Eva has 13 years of experience working in mental health, including providing psychotherapy in a public mental health clinic, a holistic private practice, school-based settings (k -12). Certified in Hypnotherapy, Kripalu Yoga, & Women’s Studies, Eva is experienced in treating a wide range of issues from a holistic perspective. Her practice comes from a place of deep compassion, authenticity & respect for each person’s unique journey of personal growth.
***NOW ACCEPTING CLIENTS*** Eva has 13 years of experience working in mental health, including providing psychotherapy in a public mental health clinic, a holistic private practice, school-based settings (k -12). Certified in Hypnotherapy, Kripalu Yoga, & Women’s Studies, Eva is experienced in treating a wide range of issues from a holistic perspective. Her practice comes from a place of deep compassion, authenticity & respect for each person’s unique journey of personal growth.
(410) 210-4556 View (410) 210-4556
Photo of Rachel Antezana, Counselor in Salisbury, MD
Rachel Antezana
Counselor, LGPC, LACMH, NCC
Verified
2 Endorsed
Salisbury, MD 21804
My ideal client would be someone that is willing to put in the work in order to become emotionally, physically, and spiritually well.
My ideal client would be someone that is willing to put in the work in order to become emotionally, physically, and spiritually well.
(302) 564-1751 View (302) 564-1751
Photo of Toni C Sturgis, Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor in Salisbury, MD
Toni C Sturgis
Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor, LCPC, LPC, NCC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Salisbury, MD 21801
Hi! My name is Toni C. Sturgis, LCPC and I am a therapist in Maryland. I am also a US Army veteran. I have worked with clients helping them navigate their issues associated with life stressors, incarceration, anxiety, stress, depression, mood swings, trauma, relationship issues, veterans and military families. My treatment approach includes cognitive behavioral therapy, motivational therapy, solution based therapy, and person centered therapy.
Hi! My name is Toni C. Sturgis, LCPC and I am a therapist in Maryland. I am also a US Army veteran. I have worked with clients helping them navigate their issues associated with life stressors, incarceration, anxiety, stress, depression, mood swings, trauma, relationship issues, veterans and military families. My treatment approach includes cognitive behavioral therapy, motivational therapy, solution based therapy, and person centered therapy.
(410) 397-5176 View (410) 397-5176
Photo of Balance Point Wellness, LLC, Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor in Salisbury, MD
Balance Point Wellness, LLC
Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor, MS, LCPC, NCC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Salisbury, MD 21801  (Online Only)
NOW ACCEPTING NEW CLIENTS!
NOW ACCEPTING NEW CLIENTS!
(443) 234-0204 View (443) 234-0204
Photo of Ian J Bolland, Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor in Salisbury, MD
Ian J Bolland
Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor, LCPC
Verified
Salisbury, MD 21801  (Online Only)
** Now Accepting New Clients** Ian is a Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor with a Master’s degree in Clinical Mental Health Counseling from Johns Hopkins University. He has a decade of experience and started working as a mental health counselor at Sheppard Pratt Hospital in their Child and Adolescent Day Hospital. He also has experience working with adolescents and adults struggling with a variety of mental health disorders.
** Now Accepting New Clients** Ian is a Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor with a Master’s degree in Clinical Mental Health Counseling from Johns Hopkins University. He has a decade of experience and started working as a mental health counselor at Sheppard Pratt Hospital in their Child and Adolescent Day Hospital. He also has experience working with adolescents and adults struggling with a variety of mental health disorders.
(410) 210-4405 View (410) 210-4405

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How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Salisbury, MD

60+

Average cost per session

$125

Therapists in Salisbury, MD who prioritize treating:

94% Anxiety
91% Depression
78% Trauma and PTSD
75% Grief
73% Stress
69% Relationship Issues
69% Self Esteem

Average years in practice

14 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

76% BlueCross and BlueShield
75% CareFirst
62% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in Salisbury, MD see their clients

62% In Person and Online
38% Online Only

Gender breakdown

87% Female
12% Male
1% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Salisbury?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.