Therapists in Phoenix, MD

Photo of Joan Jurkowski, Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor in Phoenix, MD
Joan Jurkowski
Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor, LCPC, CAC-AD
Verified Verified
Phoenix, MD 21131
My approach is to provide an atmosphere in which you feel free to discuss your concerns. I see my role as helping you to think more objectively, so you may make well thought out decisions and/or better manage your challenges. Refer to my website at www.joanjurkowski.com for additional information.
My approach is to provide an atmosphere in which you feel free to discuss your concerns. I see my role as helping you to think more objectively, so you may make well thought out decisions and/or better manage your challenges. Refer to my website at www.joanjurkowski.com for additional information.
(410) 709-3277 View (410) 709-3277
Photo of Jocelyn Kelly, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Phoenix, MD
Jocelyn Kelly
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-C
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Phoenix, MD 21131
Thank you for viewing my page! I specialize in working with teenagers, families, and individuals who experience anxiety, depression, trauma, obsessive compulsive disorder, and loss/grief. In addition to individuals, I also provide guidance to support parents who are experiencing behavior concerns with their child. I believe in meeting the client where they are, and I am driven to assist you in creating realistic, attainable goals. I strive to create a welcoming, safe, and comfortable therapeutic environment.
Thank you for viewing my page! I specialize in working with teenagers, families, and individuals who experience anxiety, depression, trauma, obsessive compulsive disorder, and loss/grief. In addition to individuals, I also provide guidance to support parents who are experiencing behavior concerns with their child. I believe in meeting the client where they are, and I am driven to assist you in creating realistic, attainable goals. I strive to create a welcoming, safe, and comfortable therapeutic environment.
(410) 835-9278 View (410) 835-9278
Photo of Lauren Bryant, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Phoenix, MD
Lauren Bryant
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-C
Verified Verified
Phoenix, MD 21131
In the past 20 years I have worked with ADOLESCENT AND ADULTS with SUBSTANCE ABUSE AND MENTAL HEALTH disorders. I provide individual, group and/or family therapy depending on the clients need. I believe there is no cookie cutter approach, and have been described as straight forward.
In the past 20 years I have worked with ADOLESCENT AND ADULTS with SUBSTANCE ABUSE AND MENTAL HEALTH disorders. I provide individual, group and/or family therapy depending on the clients need. I believe there is no cookie cutter approach, and have been described as straight forward.
(443) 491-9201 View (443) 491-9201
Photo of Christine Lanzi, Counselor in Phoenix, MD
Christine Lanzi
Counselor, MS, LCPC, PMH-C
Verified Verified
Phoenix, MD 21131
I believe in being genuine and supportive with all of my clients so as to create a safe, empathic, and accepting therapeutic environment. I strive to build a strong, nonjudgemental, and respectful therapeutic relationship to encourage progress. I work with children, adolescents, and adults and specializing in working with eating disorders, perinatal and maternal mental health, anxiety, depression, self esteem, peer/family conflicts, relational difficulties, ADHD and behavioral issues. I am certified in Perinatal Mental Health, Level 1 certified in the Gottman Couple Therapy, and Level 1 certified in Advanced Trauma Treatment.
I believe in being genuine and supportive with all of my clients so as to create a safe, empathic, and accepting therapeutic environment. I strive to build a strong, nonjudgemental, and respectful therapeutic relationship to encourage progress. I work with children, adolescents, and adults and specializing in working with eating disorders, perinatal and maternal mental health, anxiety, depression, self esteem, peer/family conflicts, relational difficulties, ADHD and behavioral issues. I am certified in Perinatal Mental Health, Level 1 certified in the Gottman Couple Therapy, and Level 1 certified in Advanced Trauma Treatment.
(410) 567-0594 View (410) 567-0594
Photo of Mina Kirkova, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Phoenix, MD
Mina Kirkova
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MA, MSW, LCSW-C
Verified Verified
Phoenix, MD 21131
Counseling and Therapy for Children, Adolescents, and Adults. Currently, I am offering both in-person and virtual individual and family therapy to children, adolescents, parents, college students, and adults (18+). My specialties are: ADD/ADHD, Social and Performance Anxiety, Stress, Phobias, OCD, Sadness, Depression, Grief, Loss, Emotional Dysregulation, School or Work Underachievement, Self-Esteem, Confidence, Social Skills, Assertiveness, Anger, Lying, Manipulation, Life Transitions, Relationship Issues, Chronic Pain and Illness. Play therapy equipped office suitable for young children & art therapeutic activities for teenagers.
Counseling and Therapy for Children, Adolescents, and Adults. Currently, I am offering both in-person and virtual individual and family therapy to children, adolescents, parents, college students, and adults (18+). My specialties are: ADD/ADHD, Social and Performance Anxiety, Stress, Phobias, OCD, Sadness, Depression, Grief, Loss, Emotional Dysregulation, School or Work Underachievement, Self-Esteem, Confidence, Social Skills, Assertiveness, Anger, Lying, Manipulation, Life Transitions, Relationship Issues, Chronic Pain and Illness. Play therapy equipped office suitable for young children & art therapeutic activities for teenagers.
(443) 322-6552 View (443) 322-6552
Photo of Robbye Fox, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Phoenix, MD
Robbye Fox
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Phoenix, MD 21131  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
Life can be stressful and anxiety-provoking enough without adding the challenges and complications of life and career transitions, loss and grief, betrayal, childhood trauma, ADHD and depression, parenting and relationship struggles, insomnia, medical issues or other concerns it can throw our way. Asking for help can be hard, and it also can be the single most important thing you can do to face your struggles head on and start viewing them from a different perspective. My clients are often looking for a safe, open space where they can share their thoughts and worries and know they will be met with understanding, empathy & support
Life can be stressful and anxiety-provoking enough without adding the challenges and complications of life and career transitions, loss and grief, betrayal, childhood trauma, ADHD and depression, parenting and relationship struggles, insomnia, medical issues or other concerns it can throw our way. Asking for help can be hard, and it also can be the single most important thing you can do to face your struggles head on and start viewing them from a different perspective. My clients are often looking for a safe, open space where they can share their thoughts and worries and know they will be met with understanding, empathy & support
(443) 972-5757 View (443) 972-5757
Photo of James R Barry, Psychologist in Phoenix, MD
James R Barry
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Phoenix, MD 21131
Dr. James R. Barry is a Psychologist in Maryland who has been practicing since 1990. He has a PhD in Psychology from Northeastern University, an MA in Counseling Psychology from Boston College, and a BS in Psychology from LeMoyne College. Dr. Barry's objectives are to help a client feel comfortable, take their concerns seriously, help them to challenge negative emotions and beliefs, ask what changes they want/need to reduce anxiety and improve mood, develop plans for success, provide guidance and encouragement, and remind them of their strengths. His approach is goal oriented.
Dr. James R. Barry is a Psychologist in Maryland who has been practicing since 1990. He has a PhD in Psychology from Northeastern University, an MA in Counseling Psychology from Boston College, and a BS in Psychology from LeMoyne College. Dr. Barry's objectives are to help a client feel comfortable, take their concerns seriously, help them to challenge negative emotions and beliefs, ask what changes they want/need to reduce anxiety and improve mood, develop plans for success, provide guidance and encouragement, and remind them of their strengths. His approach is goal oriented.
(410) 883-9316 View (410) 883-9316
Photo of Nicole Blanchette, Counselor in Phoenix, MD
Nicole Blanchette
Counselor, LCPC
Verified Verified
Phoenix, MD 21131
Dr. Blanchette is a Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor who has been practicing since 2015. Dr. Blanchette earned her BA from the University of Maryland - College Park, her MA and MEd from Columbia University, and her MS and EdD from the University of Western States. She has served as a research assistant on various teams including the University of Maryland systems. Based on these experiences, Dr. Blanchette has developed a knack for helping clients who feel "stuck".
Dr. Blanchette is a Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor who has been practicing since 2015. Dr. Blanchette earned her BA from the University of Maryland - College Park, her MA and MEd from Columbia University, and her MS and EdD from the University of Western States. She has served as a research assistant on various teams including the University of Maryland systems. Based on these experiences, Dr. Blanchette has developed a knack for helping clients who feel "stuck".
(410) 862-2604 View (410) 862-2604
Photo of Latesha Edmerson, Counselor in Phoenix, MD
Latesha Edmerson
Counselor, LGPC
Verified Verified
Phoenix, MD 21131
Latesha Edmerson is a Licensed Graduate Professional Counselor in Maryland who has been practicing since 2003. She has an MA in Counseling from New Jersey City University, an MA in Educational Psychology from New Jersey City University, and a BA in Psychology from Kean University. Latesha is down to earth and a true people person. She is patient, kind and empathetic to her client's needs. Latesha walks alongside her clients on their journey to wellness. Outside of work, Latesha spends a lot of time with her family doing outings, she's a comedienne, loves Sci-Fi and is a movie buff!.
Latesha Edmerson is a Licensed Graduate Professional Counselor in Maryland who has been practicing since 2003. She has an MA in Counseling from New Jersey City University, an MA in Educational Psychology from New Jersey City University, and a BA in Psychology from Kean University. Latesha is down to earth and a true people person. She is patient, kind and empathetic to her client's needs. Latesha walks alongside her clients on their journey to wellness. Outside of work, Latesha spends a lot of time with her family doing outings, she's a comedienne, loves Sci-Fi and is a movie buff!.
(410) 453-1825 View (410) 453-1825
Photo of Ky Robertson, Counselor in Phoenix, MD
Ky Robertson
Counselor, LGPC
Verified Verified
Phoenix, MD 21131
Kyra Robertson is a Licensed Graduate Professional Counselor in Maryland who has been practicing since 2022. She has a Bachelor of Science in Education and Social Policy "? Human Development and Psychological Services from Northwestern University, a Master of Science in Education "? Early Childhood Educational Studies, Master of Science in School Counseling and Post Master's Certificate in Clinical Mental Health Counseling from Johns Hopkins University and is pursuing a Doctor of Philosophy in Public Policy - Urban Policy from the University of Maryland.
Kyra Robertson is a Licensed Graduate Professional Counselor in Maryland who has been practicing since 2022. She has a Bachelor of Science in Education and Social Policy "? Human Development and Psychological Services from Northwestern University, a Master of Science in Education "? Early Childhood Educational Studies, Master of Science in School Counseling and Post Master's Certificate in Clinical Mental Health Counseling from Johns Hopkins University and is pursuing a Doctor of Philosophy in Public Policy - Urban Policy from the University of Maryland.
(410) 862-2845 View (410) 862-2845
Photo of Ronda Wolfe, Counselor in Phoenix, MD
Ronda Wolfe
Counselor, LCPC
Verified Verified
Phoenix, MD 21131
Ronda Wolfe is a Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor in Maryland who has been practicing since 1997. Ronda will meet the client where they are at and assist them in exploring and identifying maladaptive patterns of thinking, emotional responses, and/or behaviors in order to improve relationships and attain emotional well-being and happiness. In her free time, Ronda enjoys landscape design, reading, mentoring, and spending time in nature and with family.
Ronda Wolfe is a Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor in Maryland who has been practicing since 1997. Ronda will meet the client where they are at and assist them in exploring and identifying maladaptive patterns of thinking, emotional responses, and/or behaviors in order to improve relationships and attain emotional well-being and happiness. In her free time, Ronda enjoys landscape design, reading, mentoring, and spending time in nature and with family.
(410) 936-3582 View (410) 936-3582
Photo of Allison Simon, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Phoenix, MD
Allison Simon
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, LCSW-C
Verified Verified
Phoenix, MD 21131
Allison Simon is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker in Maryland who has been practicing since 2010. She earned a Master of Social Work from Washington University in St. Louis. Allison a psychotherapist working with children, adolescents, and adults. She believes that therapy is an important journey towards discovery of your true potential. The decision to come into therapy is an important one and must be done when the time is right for you. Allison believes a therapist should be a collaborative partner, advisor, and guide along the journey.
Allison Simon is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker in Maryland who has been practicing since 2010. She earned a Master of Social Work from Washington University in St. Louis. Allison a psychotherapist working with children, adolescents, and adults. She believes that therapy is an important journey towards discovery of your true potential. The decision to come into therapy is an important one and must be done when the time is right for you. Allison believes a therapist should be a collaborative partner, advisor, and guide along the journey.
(410) 914-1921 View (410) 914-1921
Photo of Nancy Craven, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Phoenix, MD
Nancy Craven
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Phoenix, MD 21131
Nancy Kurtz Craven is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker in Maryland who has been practicing since 1994. Nancy has an outstanding reputation as a psychotherapist. Her style of therapy is highly compassionate and genuine. When working with individuals, couples, and families, together Nancy and the clients achieve more appropriate coping and decision-making skills as well as increase confidence to view more positive options, all to increase quality of life. Outside of work, Nancy enjoys the beach, LOVES Maryland sports (Ravens, Orioles, and Terps), and is extremely social, enjoying interactions with others.
Nancy Kurtz Craven is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker in Maryland who has been practicing since 1994. Nancy has an outstanding reputation as a psychotherapist. Her style of therapy is highly compassionate and genuine. When working with individuals, couples, and families, together Nancy and the clients achieve more appropriate coping and decision-making skills as well as increase confidence to view more positive options, all to increase quality of life. Outside of work, Nancy enjoys the beach, LOVES Maryland sports (Ravens, Orioles, and Terps), and is extremely social, enjoying interactions with others.
(410) 904-6897 View (410) 904-6897
Photo of Emmanuel McDowell, Counselor in Phoenix, MD
Emmanuel McDowell
Counselor, LGPC
Verified Verified
Phoenix, MD 21131
Emmanuel A. McDowell is a Licensed Graduate Professional Counselor in Maryland who has been practicing since 2021. Emmanuel has been working with domestic violence victims and abusers. This has provided him the opportunity to work with clients who are couples, suffering from anxiety, depression, trauma, groups, etc. Emmanuel has done a lot of different things at his place of work and will be able to bring this knowledge and skill set to LifeStance. Outside of work, Emmanuel loves to be active. Water is the thing he uses to bring him some type of peace.
Emmanuel A. McDowell is a Licensed Graduate Professional Counselor in Maryland who has been practicing since 2021. Emmanuel has been working with domestic violence victims and abusers. This has provided him the opportunity to work with clients who are couples, suffering from anxiety, depression, trauma, groups, etc. Emmanuel has done a lot of different things at his place of work and will be able to bring this knowledge and skill set to LifeStance. Outside of work, Emmanuel loves to be active. Water is the thing he uses to bring him some type of peace.
(410) 401-0173 View (410) 401-0173
Photo of Taylor Seaton, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Phoenix, MD
Taylor Seaton
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
Phoenix, MD 21131
Taylor Seaton is a Licensed Master Social Worker in Maryland who has been practicing since 2022. Taylor treats clients through Trauma Informed Care, DBT, and Co-occurring disorder. Outside of work, Taylor enjoys spa lounges.
Taylor Seaton is a Licensed Master Social Worker in Maryland who has been practicing since 2022. Taylor treats clients through Trauma Informed Care, DBT, and Co-occurring disorder. Outside of work, Taylor enjoys spa lounges.
(410) 824-5611 View (410) 824-5611
Photo of Naomi Janney, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Phoenix, MD
Naomi Janney
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-C
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Phoenix, MD 21131
Not accepting new clients
Welcome! My name is Naomi and I specialize in working with adults 18+ who suffer from anxiety, depression, trauma, complicated grief, addiction, and/or personality disorders. It’s also okay to come to therapy when you’re not sure what you’re looking for but just want to get started on the road to feeling better. I believe all people have the inner wisdom to cope effectively and that some just need help tapping into it. I keep it real with my clients competently and compassionately. I meet people where they are using empathy, humor, and 9 years of clinical experience.
Welcome! My name is Naomi and I specialize in working with adults 18+ who suffer from anxiety, depression, trauma, complicated grief, addiction, and/or personality disorders. It’s also okay to come to therapy when you’re not sure what you’re looking for but just want to get started on the road to feeling better. I believe all people have the inner wisdom to cope effectively and that some just need help tapping into it. I keep it real with my clients competently and compassionately. I meet people where they are using empathy, humor, and 9 years of clinical experience.
(410) 648-9558 View (410) 648-9558
Photo of Yosan Gebre-Ab, Counselor in Phoenix, MD
Yosan Gebre-Ab
Counselor, LCPC
Verified Verified
Phoenix, MD 21131
Yosan Gebre-Ab is a Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor in Maryland who has been practicing since 2020. Whether someone is grappling with a psychological diagnosis or a new life challenge, Yosan will work with her clients, using different evidenced-based practices to approach these issues holistically. Your time together can be spent developing helpful coping skills, processing the emotions you are experiencing, and exploring how you can move forward and live a life consistent with your values.
Yosan Gebre-Ab is a Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor in Maryland who has been practicing since 2020. Whether someone is grappling with a psychological diagnosis or a new life challenge, Yosan will work with her clients, using different evidenced-based practices to approach these issues holistically. Your time together can be spent developing helpful coping skills, processing the emotions you are experiencing, and exploring how you can move forward and live a life consistent with your values.
(410) 873-7530 View (410) 873-7530
Photo of Queen Wilson, Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor in Phoenix, MD
Queen Wilson
Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor, LCPC
Verified Verified
Phoenix, MD 21131
Queen Wilson, LPC Queen Wilson is a Licensed Professional Counselor in Maryland who has been practicing since 2021. Queen helps a client by meeting them where they are currently. Outside of work, Queen enjoys cycling, reading, yoga, meditation, dancing, and traveling.
Queen Wilson, LPC Queen Wilson is a Licensed Professional Counselor in Maryland who has been practicing since 2021. Queen helps a client by meeting them where they are currently. Outside of work, Queen enjoys cycling, reading, yoga, meditation, dancing, and traveling.
(443) 733-6642 View (443) 733-6642
Photo of Donna Shin, Counselor in Phoenix, MD
Donna Shin
Counselor, LCPC, NCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Phoenix, MD 21131
Find the freedom and confidence to discover your inner truth, your emotions, and your voice. Healing and becoming aligned with your true self is a life giving energetic and sacred experience that takes place within the safety and trust of the counseling relationship or in a confidential group of kindred spirits — often both. We must go deep to connect with the vital energy and core vitality that we were born with after life has brought pain, losses and various forms of trauma or abuse. Integrating my specialities of grief, and releasing trauma through the amazing modality of Brainspotting I've created my Soul of Healing program.
Find the freedom and confidence to discover your inner truth, your emotions, and your voice. Healing and becoming aligned with your true self is a life giving energetic and sacred experience that takes place within the safety and trust of the counseling relationship or in a confidential group of kindred spirits — often both. We must go deep to connect with the vital energy and core vitality that we were born with after life has brought pain, losses and various forms of trauma or abuse. Integrating my specialities of grief, and releasing trauma through the amazing modality of Brainspotting I've created my Soul of Healing program.
(410) 877-6217 View (410) 877-6217

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Sabah Khalid, Counselor in Phoenix, MD
Sabah Khalid
Counselor
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Monkton, MD 21111
Are you struggling with anxiety, depression, trauma, stress, or grief? Are you looking for support through life’s ups and downs, help navigating challenges and finding your inner strength? Whether you’re currently facing difficulties or simply seeking to enhance your well-being, I am here to help you in your journey. I believe therapy can be a valuable experience for everyone.
Are you struggling with anxiety, depression, trauma, stress, or grief? Are you looking for support through life’s ups and downs, help navigating challenges and finding your inner strength? Whether you’re currently facing difficulties or simply seeking to enhance your well-being, I am here to help you in your journey. I believe therapy can be a valuable experience for everyone.
(443) 457-9622 View (443) 457-9622

See more therapy options for Phoenix

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Phoenix, MD

10+

Average cost per session

$145

Therapists in Phoenix, MD who prioritize treating:

100% Depression
100% Anxiety
89% Trauma and PTSD
74% Relationship Issues
68% Grief
68% Life Transitions
63% Women's Issues

Average years in practice

9 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

94% Cigna and Evernorth
71% BlueCross and BlueShield
65% Aetna

How Therapists in Phoenix, MD see their clients

95% In Person and Online
5% Online Only

Gender breakdown

90% Female
10% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Phoenix?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.