Therapists in Arbutus, MD

Photo of Trauma and Complicated Grief Counseling Services, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Arbutus, MD
Trauma and Complicated Grief Counseling Services
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-C, MSW
Verified
Arbutus, MD 21227
Waitlist for new clients
I am dedicated to helping those who have experienced trauma, whether it be a single incident, episodic trauma or chronic trauma, and help guide them on their path to healing and recovery. As well as, being dedicated to the recovery process for those who have survived a loss or multiple losses and are experiencing complications that impact their ability to heal and move forward. There is a special place in my heart for children with special needs and helping their families and the children navigate with the multitude of issues they face through case management services.
I am dedicated to helping those who have experienced trauma, whether it be a single incident, episodic trauma or chronic trauma, and help guide them on their path to healing and recovery. As well as, being dedicated to the recovery process for those who have survived a loss or multiple losses and are experiencing complications that impact their ability to heal and move forward. There is a special place in my heart for children with special needs and helping their families and the children navigate with the multitude of issues they face through case management services.
(410) 449-1276 View (410) 449-1276
Photo of Jeanne Barber, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Arbutus, MD
Jeanne Barber
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-C
Verified
Arbutus, MD 21227  (Online Only)
Hello and welcome to my practice! You've made the courageous choice to seek help. ​In working with me, you will receive individualized treatment based on the challenges and needs that you identify. The many modalities I utilize are backed by research and proven effective, and will be tailored to meet your unique needs. My goal is to provide you with a compassionate and empowering therapeutic experience to help you improve your mental health, reach your goals, and achieve your potential. You can expect constructive and compassionate feedback. Together we will meet your goals and accomplish healing.
Hello and welcome to my practice! You've made the courageous choice to seek help. ​In working with me, you will receive individualized treatment based on the challenges and needs that you identify. The many modalities I utilize are backed by research and proven effective, and will be tailored to meet your unique needs. My goal is to provide you with a compassionate and empowering therapeutic experience to help you improve your mental health, reach your goals, and achieve your potential. You can expect constructive and compassionate feedback. Together we will meet your goals and accomplish healing.
(410) 941-3580 View (410) 941-3580
Photo of Lisa C. Jordan, Psychologist in Arbutus, MD
Lisa C. Jordan
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
Arbutus, MD 21227
If your are suffering from anxiety, panic attacks, OCD symptoms, depression, or the effects of a psychological trauma, you may have been looking for help for a long time. Maybe you have been drinking or engaging in other forms of self-medication. Maybe someone close to you has encouraged you to get help, or maybe your problems have become so unbearable that you realize its time to seek help. Maybe you have seen other professionals, but are still unsure of your diagnosis and can't see a path forward. Maybe you have tried medication and didn't get help there either. You need real help.
If your are suffering from anxiety, panic attacks, OCD symptoms, depression, or the effects of a psychological trauma, you may have been looking for help for a long time. Maybe you have been drinking or engaging in other forms of self-medication. Maybe someone close to you has encouraged you to get help, or maybe your problems have become so unbearable that you realize its time to seek help. Maybe you have seen other professionals, but are still unsure of your diagnosis and can't see a path forward. Maybe you have tried medication and didn't get help there either. You need real help.
(410) 927-5663 View (410) 927-5663
Photo of Ascendant Counseling Services LLC, Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor in Arbutus, MD
Ascendant Counseling Services LLC
Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor, LCSW-C, LCPC
Verified
Arbutus, MD 21227
Ascendant Counseling Services LLC is an agency of licensed, professional therapist representing a diversity of mental health disciplines. Ascendant is dedicated to strengthening emotional and spiritual health. We provide services to individuals and families. We make us of the insights and resources of the behavioral sciences, When requested, we utilize Christian Counseling concepts within the therapy session. Please visit our website at www.AscendantCounselingServices.com or text us at: (443) 335-2297.
Ascendant Counseling Services LLC is an agency of licensed, professional therapist representing a diversity of mental health disciplines. Ascendant is dedicated to strengthening emotional and spiritual health. We provide services to individuals and families. We make us of the insights and resources of the behavioral sciences, When requested, we utilize Christian Counseling concepts within the therapy session. Please visit our website at www.AscendantCounselingServices.com or text us at: (443) 335-2297.
(410) 983-3706 View (410) 983-3706
Photo of Natalie Kroll, Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor in Arbutus, MD
Natalie Kroll
Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor, LCPC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Arbutus, MD 21227
“Will it always have to be this way?” This is a statement I hear often from clients when they first come to me. Holding hope for clients until they are able to hold it for themselves is a calling I feel honored to provide. My ideal client is one that has experienced trauma or crisis in their life, usually with their family of origin, struggles in relationships, has experienced anxiety, abandonment, or questions their identity and sexuality. As a licensed professional therapist, I am able to assist in the following areas: caretaker anxiety, grief and loss, adolescent struggles, trauma, gender and/or sexual identity.
“Will it always have to be this way?” This is a statement I hear often from clients when they first come to me. Holding hope for clients until they are able to hold it for themselves is a calling I feel honored to provide. My ideal client is one that has experienced trauma or crisis in their life, usually with their family of origin, struggles in relationships, has experienced anxiety, abandonment, or questions their identity and sexuality. As a licensed professional therapist, I am able to assist in the following areas: caretaker anxiety, grief and loss, adolescent struggles, trauma, gender and/or sexual identity.
(410) 834-4235 View (410) 834-4235

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Petra Duncan, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Arbutus, MD
Petra Duncan
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW, LCSW-C
Verified
1 Endorsed
Baltimore, MD 21208  (Online Only)
Thank you for taking the time to consider my services. I am grateful you took this step, and I look forward to the opportunity to work with you. I have worked with individuals with a wide variety of concerns such as, depression, mood disorders, anxiety, adjustment disorder and PTSD. I am also passionate about providing services to our military members as well as caregivers of children with special needs. I am eager to hear your story, learn about your experiences, and to meet you where you are.
Thank you for taking the time to consider my services. I am grateful you took this step, and I look forward to the opportunity to work with you. I have worked with individuals with a wide variety of concerns such as, depression, mood disorders, anxiety, adjustment disorder and PTSD. I am also passionate about providing services to our military members as well as caregivers of children with special needs. I am eager to hear your story, learn about your experiences, and to meet you where you are.
(202) 935-9013 View (202) 935-9013
Photo of Tracy Pryce, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Arbutus, MD
Tracy Pryce
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-C
Verified
Catonsville, MD 21228
Therapy can be a revelatory process and can bring us back to who we are at our core. I'm a therapist specializing in womanhood– managing work and burnout; adjustment to motherhood; mid-life challenges including overwhelm and overdoing; and the mature woman navigating mind-body and relationship changes. I have expertise in healing from toxic families and relationships. I'm adept at working with you towards the best version of you, leaving behind what's no longer working and helping you build strategies for growth. Change is never easy, but it's doable with grace, humor, and the use of real tools that we'll develop together.
Therapy can be a revelatory process and can bring us back to who we are at our core. I'm a therapist specializing in womanhood– managing work and burnout; adjustment to motherhood; mid-life challenges including overwhelm and overdoing; and the mature woman navigating mind-body and relationship changes. I have expertise in healing from toxic families and relationships. I'm adept at working with you towards the best version of you, leaving behind what's no longer working and helping you build strategies for growth. Change is never easy, but it's doable with grace, humor, and the use of real tools that we'll develop together.
View
Photo of Jess Lee Thompson, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Arbutus, MD
Jess Lee Thompson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified
2 Endorsed
Baltimore, MD 21228  (Online Only)
Are you anxious, depressed, or struggling in your relationships? Are you feeling fed up or on edge? Many people experience these issues and you are not alone! Are you ready to find relief and relaxation? Together, we can work on bringing back that best version of you. I know how hard it can be to feel connected to people, especially during these last few years. I strive to provide a safe space to support you in overcoming your struggles.
Are you anxious, depressed, or struggling in your relationships? Are you feeling fed up or on edge? Many people experience these issues and you are not alone! Are you ready to find relief and relaxation? Together, we can work on bringing back that best version of you. I know how hard it can be to feel connected to people, especially during these last few years. I strive to provide a safe space to support you in overcoming your struggles.
(910) 586-3256 View (910) 586-3256
Photo of Sona Bata Psychological Services, LLC, Psychologist in Arbutus, MD
Sona Bata Psychological Services, LLC
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
Baltimore, MD 21227
Many of us feel "stuck" with behaviors, thoughts and feelings that we cannot unravel. Sometimes we need help clarifying these issues to pave the way for being the best versions of ourselves.
Many of us feel "stuck" with behaviors, thoughts and feelings that we cannot unravel. Sometimes we need help clarifying these issues to pave the way for being the best versions of ourselves.
(240) 201-2547 View (240) 201-2547
Photo of Connected Counseling, LLC, Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor in Arbutus, MD
Connected Counseling, LLC
Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor, LCPC
Verified
Linthicum Heights, MD 21090  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
“I’m responsible. I’m not good enough. I’m not safe.” These messages replay in your mind during conflict, in relationships, at your job, or in your day to day. These thoughts make it hard to set boundaries in your family or relationships, pursue your interests, passions, or personal goals without guilt, or feel connected to your emotions. These core beliefs developed throughout your life but they do not have to define your present.
“I’m responsible. I’m not good enough. I’m not safe.” These messages replay in your mind during conflict, in relationships, at your job, or in your day to day. These thoughts make it hard to set boundaries in your family or relationships, pursue your interests, passions, or personal goals without guilt, or feel connected to your emotions. These core beliefs developed throughout your life but they do not have to define your present.
(410) 650-6602 View (410) 650-6602
Photo of Sarah Larsen Astrones P.C., Counselor in Arbutus, MD
Sarah Larsen Astrones P.C.
Counselor, LIMHP, LIPC, LCPC
Verified
Catonsville, MD 21228
During life’s trying times what we need most is a helpful hand, a caring heart, and a world full of compassion; a little support can go a long way. Imagine what a lot of support, clear direction, and strength can do? As your therapist, I can help you brave through life’s most challenging storms. With my help, we’ll weather the storm together and I’ll guide you to that beautiful rainbow on the other side. It’s there. It does exist. Every storm passes. You deserve your rainbow and I can help you create it. Change is hard. What’s hardest? Staying where you’re not meant to be. Allow me the honor to support you on your journey.
During life’s trying times what we need most is a helpful hand, a caring heart, and a world full of compassion; a little support can go a long way. Imagine what a lot of support, clear direction, and strength can do? As your therapist, I can help you brave through life’s most challenging storms. With my help, we’ll weather the storm together and I’ll guide you to that beautiful rainbow on the other side. It’s there. It does exist. Every storm passes. You deserve your rainbow and I can help you create it. Change is hard. What’s hardest? Staying where you’re not meant to be. Allow me the honor to support you on your journey.
(443) 516-9413 View (443) 516-9413
Photo of White Oak Wellness, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Arbutus, MD
White Oak Wellness
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-C, LICSW
Verified
Baltimore, MD 21227  (Online Only)
I love supporting young women who are navigating life transitions, managing stress, and seeking personal growth. Whether its a new or old relationship, the transition to motherhood or figuring out what college to go to I am here to cheer you on. My clients needs include a safe space for expression, tools for coping with challenges, and insights to enhance well-being. Goals encompass improving relationships, self-esteem, and breaking free of maladaptive patterns. They seek understanding and empowerment to lead fulfilling lives
I love supporting young women who are navigating life transitions, managing stress, and seeking personal growth. Whether its a new or old relationship, the transition to motherhood or figuring out what college to go to I am here to cheer you on. My clients needs include a safe space for expression, tools for coping with challenges, and insights to enhance well-being. Goals encompass improving relationships, self-esteem, and breaking free of maladaptive patterns. They seek understanding and empowerment to lead fulfilling lives
(410) 936-7146 View (410) 936-7146
Photo of Veronica George Md State Board Approved Supervisor, Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor in Arbutus, MD
Veronica George Md State Board Approved Supervisor
Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor, LCPC, NCC
Verified
Baltimore, MD 21250
"Together We Achieve Freedom", the goal you want to reach to live your best life. I possess 8 professional yrs. of Master Degree level Counseling/Psychotherapy (4yrs licensed); >10yrs as pre-masters degree mental health counselor. WELCOME to Maryland Collaborative Counseling, LLC. In this outpatient safe place, all ADULT clients receive quality guidance with an individualized plan of action using a cognitive- behavioral treatment approach to individual, couples, and group issues. Together we will navigate through addictions, adjusting issues, accepting the healthy self, + other issues with competence, knowledge, and compassion.
"Together We Achieve Freedom", the goal you want to reach to live your best life. I possess 8 professional yrs. of Master Degree level Counseling/Psychotherapy (4yrs licensed); >10yrs as pre-masters degree mental health counselor. WELCOME to Maryland Collaborative Counseling, LLC. In this outpatient safe place, all ADULT clients receive quality guidance with an individualized plan of action using a cognitive- behavioral treatment approach to individual, couples, and group issues. Together we will navigate through addictions, adjusting issues, accepting the healthy self, + other issues with competence, knowledge, and compassion.
Photo of Invisible Wounds Therapy and Wellness, Counselor in Arbutus, MD
Invisible Wounds Therapy and Wellness
Counselor
Verified
1 Endorsed
Baltimore, MD 21234  (Online Only)
Invisible Wounds Therapy and Wellness provides therapeutic services for those struggling with Anxiety and/ or past Trauma (including PTSD, childhood or complex trauma). We provide services for everyone and specialize in working with First Responders, Helpers and Healers or "Anxious Professionals." We also provide therapy services for those with an immigration, ex- pat or international background.
Invisible Wounds Therapy and Wellness provides therapeutic services for those struggling with Anxiety and/ or past Trauma (including PTSD, childhood or complex trauma). We provide services for everyone and specialize in working with First Responders, Helpers and Healers or "Anxious Professionals." We also provide therapy services for those with an immigration, ex- pat or international background.
(301) 234-7315 View (301) 234-7315
Photo of BeMindFul Counseling Center LLC, Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor in Arbutus, MD
BeMindFul Counseling Center LLC
Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor, OMHC, IOP
Verified
2 Endorsed
Baltimore, MD 21227
Welcome to BeMindFul Counseling Center, where we're far from your typical mental health clinic. Here, we offer a variety of services, including therapy, psychiatry, and holistic care, all aimed at guiding you on your unique healing journey. Our compassionate team is here to empower you. We're not just experts; we're your partners on this path to well-being. We understand that life can be tough, and taking that first step toward support can be daunting. That's why we've made it easy by offering flexible appointments and electronic documentation to help reduce the anxiety of getting started.
Welcome to BeMindFul Counseling Center, where we're far from your typical mental health clinic. Here, we offer a variety of services, including therapy, psychiatry, and holistic care, all aimed at guiding you on your unique healing journey. Our compassionate team is here to empower you. We're not just experts; we're your partners on this path to well-being. We understand that life can be tough, and taking that first step toward support can be daunting. That's why we've made it easy by offering flexible appointments and electronic documentation to help reduce the anxiety of getting started.
(410) 498-5422 View (410) 498-5422
Photo of Ayodoyin Olorunsola, Marriage & Family Therapist Intern in Arbutus, MD
Ayodoyin Olorunsola
Marriage & Family Therapist Intern
Verified
1 Endorsed
Halethorpe, MD 21227
Life can be stressful and throw a lot of unexpected challenges at us. These stressors can throw our emotions off balance. Using a holistic approach my experience in helping individuals, couples, and families in managing life challenges, emotions, and behaviors will empower you to be the best version of yourself. Through counseling, you will be given the tools and skills needed to overcome these challenges.
Life can be stressful and throw a lot of unexpected challenges at us. These stressors can throw our emotions off balance. Using a holistic approach my experience in helping individuals, couples, and families in managing life challenges, emotions, and behaviors will empower you to be the best version of yourself. Through counseling, you will be given the tools and skills needed to overcome these challenges.
(410) 888-0637 View (410) 888-0637
Photo of Keisha Lynne Broyles, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Arbutus, MD
Keisha Lynne Broyles
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW-C
Verified
Halethorpe, MD 21227
Not accepting new clients
I bring a wealth of experience in working with vulnerable populations across various arenas of struggle. I utilize a humanistic and strengths-based approach that evokes the power within my clients to change and heal. I believe that every individual has the ability to become successful with the right combination of care. We are more resilient than we realize. We will turn your setbacks into comebacks! I am committed to work with you in the areas of trauma, grief and loss, communication and relationship difficulties, stress management, to name just a few common areas of need.
I bring a wealth of experience in working with vulnerable populations across various arenas of struggle. I utilize a humanistic and strengths-based approach that evokes the power within my clients to change and heal. I believe that every individual has the ability to become successful with the right combination of care. We are more resilient than we realize. We will turn your setbacks into comebacks! I am committed to work with you in the areas of trauma, grief and loss, communication and relationship difficulties, stress management, to name just a few common areas of need.
(301) 962-2856 View (301) 962-2856
Photo of UMBC Psychology Training Clinic, Psychologist in Arbutus, MD
UMBC Psychology Training Clinic
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
Halethorpe, MD 21227
We use evidence-based approaches to teach skills and empower clients to build a life worth living. Our clients are looking for help with many different challenges, including depression, anxiety, PTSD/trauma, substance use, life transitions, and relationships. We work collaboratively with our clients to identify their therapy goals and develop a plan to meet those goals.
We use evidence-based approaches to teach skills and empower clients to build a life worth living. Our clients are looking for help with many different challenges, including depression, anxiety, PTSD/trauma, substance use, life transitions, and relationships. We work collaboratively with our clients to identify their therapy goals and develop a plan to meet those goals.
(410) 698-4357 View (410) 698-4357
Photo of Laricka Morgan - Counseling on Call, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Arbutus, MD
Laricka Morgan - Counseling on Call
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified
Baltimore, MD 21206
Hi, I'm Laricka. My passion for studying mental health and coming into the profession came from being in an area where mental health issues were very prevalent. Instead of people being properly diagnosed, and helped, they were dismissed, and it left people with unhealed trauma, feelings, and emotions. I sought out to learn about mental health so I can continue to be the change in the next person’s life. I work with people who deal with anxiety, depression, low self-esteem, and I am currently becoming certified in addictive behaviors. I believe in people being seen, heard, and helped.
Hi, I'm Laricka. My passion for studying mental health and coming into the profession came from being in an area where mental health issues were very prevalent. Instead of people being properly diagnosed, and helped, they were dismissed, and it left people with unhealed trauma, feelings, and emotions. I sought out to learn about mental health so I can continue to be the change in the next person’s life. I work with people who deal with anxiety, depression, low self-esteem, and I am currently becoming certified in addictive behaviors. I believe in people being seen, heard, and helped.
(410) 983-6999 View (410) 983-6999
Photo of Lindsey Cheatham, Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor in Arbutus, MD
Lindsey Cheatham
Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor, LCPC
Verified
2 Endorsed
Halethorpe, MD 21227  (Online Only)
Hello & welcome! I’m so glad you are here. I am a queer identified therapist who is passionate about supporting queer, trans, & gender-diverse youth, adolescents, adults, & families. The majority of clients I see are either in the LGBTQIA+ community or are questioning or exploring parts of their sexual and/or gender-based identities. I help folks who experience depression, anxiety, grief, and trauma process past experiences and make sense of their world. I teach folks coping skills in order to regulate mood, gain self-compassion, radically accept hard truths, and set boundaries in order to build a more aligned life for themselves.
Hello & welcome! I’m so glad you are here. I am a queer identified therapist who is passionate about supporting queer, trans, & gender-diverse youth, adolescents, adults, & families. The majority of clients I see are either in the LGBTQIA+ community or are questioning or exploring parts of their sexual and/or gender-based identities. I help folks who experience depression, anxiety, grief, and trauma process past experiences and make sense of their world. I teach folks coping skills in order to regulate mood, gain self-compassion, radically accept hard truths, and set boundaries in order to build a more aligned life for themselves.
(443) 963-3569 View (443) 963-3569

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Arbutus, MD

< 10

Therapists in Arbutus, MD who prioritize treating:

100% Depression
100% Anxiety
100% Trauma and PTSD
80% Grief
60% ADHD
60% Parenting
60% Family Conflict

Average years in practice

20 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% Cigna and Evernorth
80% BlueCross and BlueShield
80% Johns Hopkins

How Therapists in Arbutus, MD see their clients

80% In Person and Online
20% Online Only

Gender breakdown

100% Female

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Arbutus?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.