Therapists in Massachusetts

View cities and counties in Massachusetts
Photo of Elena Clamen, MA, LMHC, Counselor
Elena Clamen
Counselor, MA, LMHC
Verified Verified
6 Endorsed
Arlington, MA 02474  (Online Only)
I provide a therapeutic space where clients can begin to look at relationships, beliefs, values and feelings in a safe, nonjudgmental setting. I approach the sessions with warmth and humor and my hope is that clients will feel comfortable and at ease.
I provide a therapeutic space where clients can begin to look at relationships, beliefs, values and feelings in a safe, nonjudgmental setting. I approach the sessions with warmth and humor and my hope is that clients will feel comfortable and at ease.
(339) 204-9633 View (339) 204-9633
Photo of Selda Celen-Demirtas - CampusCare Counseling, PLLC, PhD, Psychologist
CampusCare Counseling, PLLC
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Somerville, MA 02144  (Online Only)
CampusCare Counseling is a group practice providing quality mental health services exclusively to college students. In recent years, the number and severity of mental health difficulties experienced by students are increasing. College students need mental health services that recognize developmental characteristics and needs of this stage. Our goal is to meet their needs by providing compassionate, committed, and empowering services. We are here to facilitate students in reaching their personal, social, academic, and vocational potentials and aspirations.
CampusCare Counseling is a group practice providing quality mental health services exclusively to college students. In recent years, the number and severity of mental health difficulties experienced by students are increasing. College students need mental health services that recognize developmental characteristics and needs of this stage. Our goal is to meet their needs by providing compassionate, committed, and empowering services. We are here to facilitate students in reaching their personal, social, academic, and vocational potentials and aspirations.
(617) 741-5901 View (617) 741-5901
Photo of Karen Paulk, LICSW, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Karen Paulk
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Chicopee, MA 01020  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
As founder of Mending Messages Therapy Center, my mission is to deliver therapeutic messages that help mend broken hearts, minds, spirits, and relationships. I have devoted over 20 years to the field of Social Work and enjoy providing clinical services to individuals, couples, adolescents, and families in need. My focus is on helping identify and build on your inner strengths to help you achieve your desired goals. Together we will develop healthy coping skills and strategies to challenge self-defeating thoughts and barriers, that can prevent you from obtaining the life that you desire.
As founder of Mending Messages Therapy Center, my mission is to deliver therapeutic messages that help mend broken hearts, minds, spirits, and relationships. I have devoted over 20 years to the field of Social Work and enjoy providing clinical services to individuals, couples, adolescents, and families in need. My focus is on helping identify and build on your inner strengths to help you achieve your desired goals. Together we will develop healthy coping skills and strategies to challenge self-defeating thoughts and barriers, that can prevent you from obtaining the life that you desire.
(413) 429-4884 View (413) 429-4884
Photo of Erin Howell - Erin Howell, LICSW, LICSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Erin Howell, LICSW
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Cambridge, MA 02138
Welcome. Finding a therapist, whether for the first time or umpteenth, is daunting. For clients who have tried therapy many times previously, you will find me to be honest, warm, compassionate and direct. I have often been the therapist that "finally gets it" for clients. Together, we will explore what is bringing you to therapy and through our connection and work we will strive to create long-lasting, sustainable change. I believe the relationship between therapist and client is collaborative and authentic and I consider it a privilege to support my clients in their self exploration and growth.
Welcome. Finding a therapist, whether for the first time or umpteenth, is daunting. For clients who have tried therapy many times previously, you will find me to be honest, warm, compassionate and direct. I have often been the therapist that "finally gets it" for clients. Together, we will explore what is bringing you to therapy and through our connection and work we will strive to create long-lasting, sustainable change. I believe the relationship between therapist and client is collaborative and authentic and I consider it a privilege to support my clients in their self exploration and growth.
(857) 578-3161 View (857) 578-3161
Photo of Osilia Trigueros, MS, LMHC, Counselor
Osilia Trigueros
Counselor, MS, LMHC
Verified Verified
Cambridge, MA 02139  (Online Only)
Much of who we are today is the result of life events that left us feeling helpless, alone or broken. Some of those wounds if they go unchecked may cause us to rely on unhealthy coping mechanisms, a loud inner critic and/or a self rejection part. Unlearning some of these mechanisms is part of the healing journey. I invite curiosity, careful reflection while honoring your knowledge and wisdom to heal. I use various clinical treatment approaches from trauma informed framework, relational attachment, emotion focused to spiritual/Christian faith/based.
Much of who we are today is the result of life events that left us feeling helpless, alone or broken. Some of those wounds if they go unchecked may cause us to rely on unhealthy coping mechanisms, a loud inner critic and/or a self rejection part. Unlearning some of these mechanisms is part of the healing journey. I invite curiosity, careful reflection while honoring your knowledge and wisdom to heal. I use various clinical treatment approaches from trauma informed framework, relational attachment, emotion focused to spiritual/Christian faith/based.
(617) 682-7783 View (617) 682-7783
Photo of Amy Book, LMHC, Counselor
Amy Book
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Somerville, MA 02143  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
In my 13 years of practice, I have found that self-compassion, meaningful relationships, and a sense of purpose are fundamental to well-being. However, the journey toward these elements can be limited by depression, anxiety, trauma, and difficult life transitions. I firmly believe that within each individual lies innate wisdom and expertise in their own experience and healing. My approach provides a warm and authentic space for us to delve into your experiences, thoughts, and emotions, empowering you to chart your unique path forward.
In my 13 years of practice, I have found that self-compassion, meaningful relationships, and a sense of purpose are fundamental to well-being. However, the journey toward these elements can be limited by depression, anxiety, trauma, and difficult life transitions. I firmly believe that within each individual lies innate wisdom and expertise in their own experience and healing. My approach provides a warm and authentic space for us to delve into your experiences, thoughts, and emotions, empowering you to chart your unique path forward.
(781) 905-8481 View (781) 905-8481
Photo of Rachel Meriwether, MSW, LCSW, LICSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Rachel Meriwether
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW, LICSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Nantucket, MA 02554  (Online Only)
I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW, LICSW) psychotherapist specializing in Trauma-Informed Care. Using an eclectic treatment model I focus on treating the whole person. A therapeutic relationship is a collaborative between the client and the clinician. With my help, you will identify your strengths and together we will bolster them, removing barriers, such as anxiety, depression, and trauma, that have limited your pathways to happiness, peace, and success, as defined by you. To learn more about me or book an appointment in IL or MA contact me at 646-453-6777 or 224-215-2017 or visit my profile on Headway.co.
I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW, LICSW) psychotherapist specializing in Trauma-Informed Care. Using an eclectic treatment model I focus on treating the whole person. A therapeutic relationship is a collaborative between the client and the clinician. With my help, you will identify your strengths and together we will bolster them, removing barriers, such as anxiety, depression, and trauma, that have limited your pathways to happiness, peace, and success, as defined by you. To learn more about me or book an appointment in IL or MA contact me at 646-453-6777 or 224-215-2017 or visit my profile on Headway.co.
(847) 581-6261 View (847) 581-6261
Photo of Beth Rollins, LICSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Beth Rollins
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Bourne, MA 02532
Feeling overwhelmed, stuck, sad, worried, anxious, wishing things were different? Talking Helps! Let‘s sit down together to talk about what’s going on. My goal is to provide a warm and welcoming environment where you feel comfortable and safe to open up and explore what‘s happening to cause discomfort in your life and see what we can do to change that. I want to help you create the life YOU want to live and achieve whatever solutions and life changes you are looking for. I want to help you to be able to deal with life on life’s terms and find meaning/purpose in work, family, friends and other aspects of life. Please give me a call
Feeling overwhelmed, stuck, sad, worried, anxious, wishing things were different? Talking Helps! Let‘s sit down together to talk about what’s going on. My goal is to provide a warm and welcoming environment where you feel comfortable and safe to open up and explore what‘s happening to cause discomfort in your life and see what we can do to change that. I want to help you create the life YOU want to live and achieve whatever solutions and life changes you are looking for. I want to help you to be able to deal with life on life’s terms and find meaning/purpose in work, family, friends and other aspects of life. Please give me a call
(508) 257-7421 View (508) 257-7421
Photo of Brennan Lerner, MA, Pre-Licensed Professional
Brennan Lerner
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA
Verified Verified
Concord, MA 01742  (Online Only)
As a trauma-informed psychotherapist, I appreciate how core wounds, and the emotional distress surrounding them, can show up in adulthood and prevent us from living our happiest lives. My focus is on helping individuals to realize their power to feel safe in regulating emotions. In my work, I utilize approaches such as CBT (Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy), DBT (Dialectical Behavioral Therapy), IFS (Internal Family Systems), and SE (Somatic Experiencing), and enjoy the practice of destigmatizing thoughts, feelings, and behaviors, thereby assisting my clients in developing self-compassion, a key ingredient for growth and change.
As a trauma-informed psychotherapist, I appreciate how core wounds, and the emotional distress surrounding them, can show up in adulthood and prevent us from living our happiest lives. My focus is on helping individuals to realize their power to feel safe in regulating emotions. In my work, I utilize approaches such as CBT (Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy), DBT (Dialectical Behavioral Therapy), IFS (Internal Family Systems), and SE (Somatic Experiencing), and enjoy the practice of destigmatizing thoughts, feelings, and behaviors, thereby assisting my clients in developing self-compassion, a key ingredient for growth and change.
(978) 523-2643 x235 View (978) 523-2643 x235
Photo of Charles L. West, PhD, Psychologist
Charles L. West
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
West Newton, MA 02465  (Online Only)
Helping people to deepen their understanding of themselves and to use their native strengths to more successfully welcome life’s challenges is my focus. You may be experiencing a life crisis that is taxing your capacity to cope, and you are suffering from anxiety, depression and other signs of emotional distress. You may be a foreign national overwhelmed by issues you are facing and unsure who will understand and be able to help. I have over 35 years of experience as a psychologist, some of it abroad, working with people from varied cultural, religious and ethnic backgrounds toward improving their lives.
Helping people to deepen their understanding of themselves and to use their native strengths to more successfully welcome life’s challenges is my focus. You may be experiencing a life crisis that is taxing your capacity to cope, and you are suffering from anxiety, depression and other signs of emotional distress. You may be a foreign national overwhelmed by issues you are facing and unsure who will understand and be able to help. I have over 35 years of experience as a psychologist, some of it abroad, working with people from varied cultural, religious and ethnic backgrounds toward improving their lives.
(617) 206-4912 View (617) 206-4912
Photo of Amy H Fitzpatrick - Amy H Fitzpatrick, LICSW, LICSW, EdM, MSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Amy H Fitzpatrick, LICSW
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW, EdM, MSW
Verified Verified
Arlington, MA 02474  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
My practice is currently full at this time. I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker specializing in trauma, complex or developmental trauma, and dissociation. In order to customize treatment to each client's individual needs, I utilize a combination of EMDR, Internal Family Systems Therapy, and Sensorimotor Psychotherapy.
My practice is currently full at this time. I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker specializing in trauma, complex or developmental trauma, and dissociation. In order to customize treatment to each client's individual needs, I utilize a combination of EMDR, Internal Family Systems Therapy, and Sensorimotor Psychotherapy.
(781) 406-5356 View (781) 406-5356
Photo of Martin Joseph Glynn, MEd, LMHC, Counselor
Martin Joseph Glynn
Counselor, MEd, LMHC
Verified Verified
Andover, MA 01810
As life becomes more challenging and complex, people are readily impacted by stress, anxiety and depression. As a psychotherapist, allow me to help you with your mental health issues. My approach is client-centered, friendly, warm and empathetic. Our sessions will employ eclectic therapies which are evidenced-based such as Cognitive Behavioral Therapy which helps people to challenge negative persistent thoughts. Motivational Interviewing which aids in resolving conflict and in rising above life’s challenges is also utilized. Transactional Analysis which combines theories of personality and human interaction is used thereby optimizing the client’s natural given talents and potential.
As life becomes more challenging and complex, people are readily impacted by stress, anxiety and depression. As a psychotherapist, allow me to help you with your mental health issues. My approach is client-centered, friendly, warm and empathetic. Our sessions will employ eclectic therapies which are evidenced-based such as Cognitive Behavioral Therapy which helps people to challenge negative persistent thoughts. Motivational Interviewing which aids in resolving conflict and in rising above life’s challenges is also utilized. Transactional Analysis which combines theories of personality and human interaction is used thereby optimizing the client’s natural given talents and potential.
(978) 212-3394 View (978) 212-3394
Photo of Megan N Fitzgerald, LICSW, MSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Megan N Fitzgerald
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW, MSW
Verified Verified
Dorchester, MA 02122  (Online Only)
In life we are often faced with a variety of unexpected obstacles that can feel overwhelming and sometimes even impossible to navigate. My approach is to partner with you to understand your unique experience and how it formed your story, without judgement. My goal as a clinician is to help you determine how to best move through your current challenge by identifying and exploring possible strategies. I am a licensed clinical social worker and have been working as a clinician for 10 years. I specialize in grief, loss, depression and trauma.
In life we are often faced with a variety of unexpected obstacles that can feel overwhelming and sometimes even impossible to navigate. My approach is to partner with you to understand your unique experience and how it formed your story, without judgement. My goal as a clinician is to help you determine how to best move through your current challenge by identifying and exploring possible strategies. I am a licensed clinical social worker and have been working as a clinician for 10 years. I specialize in grief, loss, depression and trauma.
(781) 678-4596 View (781) 678-4596
Photo of Jill Evans Wuonola, MA, MSW, LICSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Jill Evans Wuonola
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MA, MSW, LICSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Swampscott, MA 01907
Is the stress of work and family life becoming difficult to manage? Do you struggle to find meaning in your life? Are you working to understand competing aspects of your identity? It is my privilege to help my clients work through their personal struggles, using a psychodynamic approach that is both relational and existential. I believe that the relationship between a therapist and client provides an empowering, life-affirming space to work through life's struggles and to bring about healing.
Is the stress of work and family life becoming difficult to manage? Do you struggle to find meaning in your life? Are you working to understand competing aspects of your identity? It is my privilege to help my clients work through their personal struggles, using a psychodynamic approach that is both relational and existential. I believe that the relationship between a therapist and client provides an empowering, life-affirming space to work through life's struggles and to bring about healing.
(617) 505-4439 View (617) 505-4439
Photo of Mary Parkinson, LMHC, Counselor
Mary Parkinson
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
Boston, MA 02116  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
Most of us find our days manageable, but sometimes we need help. I have worked with people of all walks of life who are struggling to create balance in their life. I use a down-to-earth, empathic approach which quickly puts people at ease, while my experience and training in the field informs the discussion.
Most of us find our days manageable, but sometimes we need help. I have worked with people of all walks of life who are struggling to create balance in their life. I use a down-to-earth, empathic approach which quickly puts people at ease, while my experience and training in the field informs the discussion.
(857) 663-0661 View (857) 663-0661
Photo of Hannah Margaret Emerson, LMHC
Hannah Margaret Emerson
LMHC
Verified Verified
Cambridge, MA 02139
Welcome! 'Traveling Inward' is the name of my practice. Together, we can travel to the many beautiful, often challenging, and ever-changing emotional landscapes that are seeking your attention and acceptance. I am currently ONLY accepting couples for therapy through the Couples Center of the Pioneer Valley. I welcome and often work with multicultural, LGBTQ+, and ethically non-monogamous couples. I also offer pre-marital counseling sessions.
Welcome! 'Traveling Inward' is the name of my practice. Together, we can travel to the many beautiful, often challenging, and ever-changing emotional landscapes that are seeking your attention and acceptance. I am currently ONLY accepting couples for therapy through the Couples Center of the Pioneer Valley. I welcome and often work with multicultural, LGBTQ+, and ethically non-monogamous couples. I also offer pre-marital counseling sessions.
(508) 863-4454 View (508) 863-4454
Photo of LeAnne Atwood, MEd, LMHC, Counselor
LeAnne Atwood
Counselor, MEd, LMHC
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Bourne, MA 02532  (Online Only)
Nothing brings me more joy than to help people feel better! I am an advocate for holistic wellness and utilize an eclectic approach to meet your unique needs and preferences. I work collaboratively with you to improve behaviors, emotional regulation, career and academic achievement, communication skills, problem solving skills, peer/family relationships, personal growth, and overall mental health. I can help you meet your goals!
Nothing brings me more joy than to help people feel better! I am an advocate for holistic wellness and utilize an eclectic approach to meet your unique needs and preferences. I work collaboratively with you to improve behaviors, emotional regulation, career and academic achievement, communication skills, problem solving skills, peer/family relationships, personal growth, and overall mental health. I can help you meet your goals!
View
Photo of Mary Sebatindira, MSW, LICSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Mary Sebatindira
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified Verified
Dorchester, MA 02124  (Online Only)
How often in our busy lives do we have the opportunity to have another person truly listen to your thoughts, fears, hopes, ambitions? Sadly, not as often as we would like. My name is Mary Sebatindira, I have been a psychotherapist for over 9 years. I have worked with many populations which include: adults struggling with addiction, children/teens, and family work.
How often in our busy lives do we have the opportunity to have another person truly listen to your thoughts, fears, hopes, ambitions? Sadly, not as often as we would like. My name is Mary Sebatindira, I have been a psychotherapist for over 9 years. I have worked with many populations which include: adults struggling with addiction, children/teens, and family work.
(774) 484-1313 View (774) 484-1313
Photo of Robert L Miller, PhD, Psychologist
Robert L Miller
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Cambridge, MA 02139
I am a Licensed Psychologist in private practice and an Instructor in Psychology at Harvard Medical School. I have over 25 years experience working with couples and individuals, and providing training and consultation to other therapists. I specialize in helping distressed, high-conflict and/or emotionally distant couples. I also specialize in helping people cope with stress and anxiety, as well as depression, other types of emotional distress, and physical problems that often accompany stress.
I am a Licensed Psychologist in private practice and an Instructor in Psychology at Harvard Medical School. I have over 25 years experience working with couples and individuals, and providing training and consultation to other therapists. I specialize in helping distressed, high-conflict and/or emotionally distant couples. I also specialize in helping people cope with stress and anxiety, as well as depression, other types of emotional distress, and physical problems that often accompany stress.
(617) 936-7321 View (617) 936-7321
Photo of Robin R Woods, MDiv, MSW, LICSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Robin R Woods
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MDiv, MSW, LICSW
Verified Verified
Quincy, MA 02169
Life is a journey, and from time to time, we all face challenges that we would benefit from discussing with a thoughtful and compassionate listener. I am such a person, plus I own this practice. While I believe therapy is a collaborative enterprise, I also believe when successful, therapy requires an active and experienced guide. I enjoy working with clients struggling with a variety of personal, family, and mental health issues. I have more than 20 years experience working as a therapist. My therapy orientation is eclectic though my foundation is psychodynamic and strengths based.
Life is a journey, and from time to time, we all face challenges that we would benefit from discussing with a thoughtful and compassionate listener. I am such a person, plus I own this practice. While I believe therapy is a collaborative enterprise, I also believe when successful, therapy requires an active and experienced guide. I enjoy working with clients struggling with a variety of personal, family, and mental health issues. I have more than 20 years experience working as a therapist. My therapy orientation is eclectic though my foundation is psychodynamic and strengths based.
(617) 396-7626 View (617) 396-7626
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See more therapy options for Massachusetts

How does your Therapist compare?

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in Massachusetts who prioritize treating:

91% Anxiety
86% Depression
73% Relationship Issues
72% Self Esteem
67% Coping Skills
66% Trauma and PTSD
65% Stress

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

87% BlueCross and BlueShield
62% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
60% Optum

How Therapists in Massachusetts see their clients

59% In Person and Online
41% Online Only

Gender breakdown

80% Female
19% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Massachusetts?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.