Therapists in Wales, MA

Photo of Barbara Ann Bready, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Wales, MA
Barbara Ann Bready
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Wales, MA 01081
Greetings. Accepting referrals in late Spring of 2024.
Greetings. Accepting referrals in late Spring of 2024.
(413) 300-6926 View (413) 300-6926

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Carol Mackiewicz Neely, Counselor in Wales, MA
Carol Mackiewicz Neely
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
Sturbridge, MA 01566
Carol's clients are creative and wise; which is every person. Her clients are ready to use their natural creativity to question the "what is" and want to implement what they desire in their life. Carol's clients want to feel confident in creating their life. When working with Carol, you will have an art transformative experience that also satisfies clinical counseling skills. You will create art during your session, while learning skills for self soothing, empowerment, and focusing on what calls to you. Carol facilitates the art making, holds the space, and verbally processes with you throughout the session.
Carol's clients are creative and wise; which is every person. Her clients are ready to use their natural creativity to question the "what is" and want to implement what they desire in their life. Carol's clients want to feel confident in creating their life. When working with Carol, you will have an art transformative experience that also satisfies clinical counseling skills. You will create art during your session, while learning skills for self soothing, empowerment, and focusing on what calls to you. Carol facilitates the art making, holds the space, and verbally processes with you throughout the session.
(508) 978-5797 View (508) 978-5797
Photo of Restoration Trauma Counseling PLLC, Counselor in Wales, MA
Restoration Trauma Counseling PLLC
Counselor, LMHC, MA
Verified Verified
Palmer, MA 01069
Restoration Trauma Counseling provides trauma focused cognitive behavioral therapy for those affected by a traumatic event that has had a mental, physical and or spiritual impact. I desire to individuals in brief trauma focused psycho educational therapy to address the effects of trauma and dual diagnosis symptoms such as depression or anxiety. I believe that processing a traumatic event in a supportive therapeutic relationship and fostering skills to cope with trauma-based symptoms can bring restoration to one’s life and experience overtime. I am committed to a doctoral education in trauma and have 8 years of clinical practice
Restoration Trauma Counseling provides trauma focused cognitive behavioral therapy for those affected by a traumatic event that has had a mental, physical and or spiritual impact. I desire to individuals in brief trauma focused psycho educational therapy to address the effects of trauma and dual diagnosis symptoms such as depression or anxiety. I believe that processing a traumatic event in a supportive therapeutic relationship and fostering skills to cope with trauma-based symptoms can bring restoration to one’s life and experience overtime. I am committed to a doctoral education in trauma and have 8 years of clinical practice
(413) 277-7038 View (413) 277-7038
Photo of Christine Diane Dunn, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Wales, MA
Christine Diane Dunn
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Monson, MA 01057  (Online Only)
Living your best life, a life that is authentic to you is my goal. Life can be hard with unexpected losses, financial and work pressures, relationship problems and more. Together we will discover your goals and decide on the process that is effective and best for you. Life can be present many challenges and obstacles that we are not always prepared for, causing stress, anxiety, insomnia, low self-esteem, agoraphobia, nightmares, difficultly sleeping, overindulgence, depression, and relationship problems. My approach is to help you become aware of what triggers your negative feelings and thoughts and explore ways to reduce symptoms
Living your best life, a life that is authentic to you is my goal. Life can be hard with unexpected losses, financial and work pressures, relationship problems and more. Together we will discover your goals and decide on the process that is effective and best for you. Life can be present many challenges and obstacles that we are not always prepared for, causing stress, anxiety, insomnia, low self-esteem, agoraphobia, nightmares, difficultly sleeping, overindulgence, depression, and relationship problems. My approach is to help you become aware of what triggers your negative feelings and thoughts and explore ways to reduce symptoms
(413) 779-8864 View (413) 779-8864
Photo of Megan Hall, Marriage & Family Therapist in Wales, MA
Megan Hall
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
11 Endorsed
Monson, MA 01057
I worked as a therapist & supervisor for a local community mental health agency for over 9 years, where I developed a specialty in working with adolescents & adults, particularly around anxiety, depression, relationships & boundary setting. My ability to form trusting & genuine relationships with my clients is one of my strengths, and my hope is that we can develop a relationship that feels comfortable & grounding. It is my belief that you are the expert on you, and that by working together we can explore the skills & knowledge within you.
I worked as a therapist & supervisor for a local community mental health agency for over 9 years, where I developed a specialty in working with adolescents & adults, particularly around anxiety, depression, relationships & boundary setting. My ability to form trusting & genuine relationships with my clients is one of my strengths, and my hope is that we can develop a relationship that feels comfortable & grounding. It is my belief that you are the expert on you, and that by working together we can explore the skills & knowledge within you.
(413) 339-3081 View (413) 339-3081
Photo of Lisa Galasso, Psychologist in Wales, MA
Lisa Galasso
Psychologist, PhD, CPC
Verified Verified
Sturbridge, MA 01566
MY PRACTICE IS CURRENTLY FULL. I am a clinical psychologist licensed in Massachusetts and I conduct all of my sessions online. All sessions are conducted over a secure, HIPAA-compliant tele-health platform. I have extensive experience working with individuals, couples and families. I have worked with people across the developmental spectrum, from children to elder adults, for nearly 2 decades. My specialty is helping people address the challenges that get in the way of living a completely fulfilled life. Mood disorders, trauma, grief and loss, as well as difficult life transitions are some of these challenges.
MY PRACTICE IS CURRENTLY FULL. I am a clinical psychologist licensed in Massachusetts and I conduct all of my sessions online. All sessions are conducted over a secure, HIPAA-compliant tele-health platform. I have extensive experience working with individuals, couples and families. I have worked with people across the developmental spectrum, from children to elder adults, for nearly 2 decades. My specialty is helping people address the challenges that get in the way of living a completely fulfilled life. Mood disorders, trauma, grief and loss, as well as difficult life transitions are some of these challenges.
(833) 791-0260 View (833) 791-0260
Photo of Counseling Connections Llc - Paula Kneeland-Chaput, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Wales, MA
Counseling Connections Llc - Paula Kneeland-Chaput
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW, CCTS-I
Verified Verified
Southbridge, MA 01550
I am so glad you are here! If you are experiencing anxiety or depression, substance use challenges, post-traumatic distress, sadness associated with grief, and loss, or have court-ordered therapy needs then this might be a great match for you. I have worked with clients in many settings and of many diverse backgrounds. I would love the chance to get to know you. A therapeutic experience with me is centered on YOU and together we will do hard things.
I am so glad you are here! If you are experiencing anxiety or depression, substance use challenges, post-traumatic distress, sadness associated with grief, and loss, or have court-ordered therapy needs then this might be a great match for you. I have worked with clients in many settings and of many diverse backgrounds. I would love the chance to get to know you. A therapeutic experience with me is centered on YOU and together we will do hard things.
(508) 906-5590 View (508) 906-5590
Photo of Erin Sheridan, Counselor in Wales, MA
Erin Sheridan
Counselor, MA, LPC, LMHC, LADC
Verified Verified
Brimfield, MA 01010
Not accepting new clients
I am only accepting first responder clients at this time for EMDR.... strive to make my clients feel comfortable by bringing trust, kindness, humor to help those who are struggling. I believe it is my clients’ right to have a therapist who is completely authentic and genuine, as that would be the person I would want to talk to. I have a interest in working with First Responders, military, healthcare workers, therapists, teachers and clinical supervision for other therapists.
I am only accepting first responder clients at this time for EMDR.... strive to make my clients feel comfortable by bringing trust, kindness, humor to help those who are struggling. I believe it is my clients’ right to have a therapist who is completely authentic and genuine, as that would be the person I would want to talk to. I have a interest in working with First Responders, military, healthcare workers, therapists, teachers and clinical supervision for other therapists.
(508) 231-5327 View (508) 231-5327
Photo of Kaileen Russell, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Wales, MA
Kaileen Russell
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified Verified
Monson, MA 01057  (Online Only)
Current daytime tele-health openings available. There is a popular sentiment: We are all weathering this storm though are not in the same boat. No matter each person’s, couple’s, or family’s circumstances we are all trying to navigate through life. Therapy is a safe and private space that I can hold for you where I may aid you in locating a life jacket, developing a crew, patch your boat, and learn to navigate the waters. Whether you find yourself in tousled waters or navigating a new path I would be pleased to work with you. I have enjoyed working with individuals, couples, and families of all different needs for years.
Current daytime tele-health openings available. There is a popular sentiment: We are all weathering this storm though are not in the same boat. No matter each person’s, couple’s, or family’s circumstances we are all trying to navigate through life. Therapy is a safe and private space that I can hold for you where I may aid you in locating a life jacket, developing a crew, patch your boat, and learn to navigate the waters. Whether you find yourself in tousled waters or navigating a new path I would be pleased to work with you. I have enjoyed working with individuals, couples, and families of all different needs for years.
(413) 564-1407 View (413) 564-1407
Photo of Joan P Maselli, Counselor in Wales, MA
Joan P Maselli
Counselor, MS, LMHC
Verified Verified
Sturbridge, MA 01566
In my blended practice of mental health counseling and art therapy, I work with families, adults, and children, supporting them in identifying resources and strengths to regain emotional health. In sessions, we work together using the approach that best suits my clients' needs--- art therapy using hands-on creative projects to gently encourage self-expression and gain insight; cognitive behavioral therapy to positively shift thoughts and feelings; and dialectical behavior therapy to enhance mindfulness and increase resilience. Through this therapeutic work, clients develop ways to resolve their issues--- relieving depression, managing anxiety, positively changing behavior, processing trauma, healing from abuse.
In my blended practice of mental health counseling and art therapy, I work with families, adults, and children, supporting them in identifying resources and strengths to regain emotional health. In sessions, we work together using the approach that best suits my clients' needs--- art therapy using hands-on creative projects to gently encourage self-expression and gain insight; cognitive behavioral therapy to positively shift thoughts and feelings; and dialectical behavior therapy to enhance mindfulness and increase resilience. Through this therapeutic work, clients develop ways to resolve their issues--- relieving depression, managing anxiety, positively changing behavior, processing trauma, healing from abuse.
(508) 434-4399 View (508) 434-4399
Photo of Jen Castonguay, Counselor in Wales, MA
Jen Castonguay
Counselor, MEd, LMHC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Palmer, MA 01069
Not accepting new clients
As your therapist I’m committed to providing a safe, warm, respectful, trusting and compassionate environment in which healing and personal growth can begin. We are each on a unique journey and I would like to help you navigate the path you are on, and make space for the range of emotions we all experience as humans. Together we will explore what works best for you at this stage in your life. I believe each person has the capacity to heal themselves and I see my role as supporting and empowering you to discover your own inner strengths and strategies to decrease distress and increase wellbeing.
As your therapist I’m committed to providing a safe, warm, respectful, trusting and compassionate environment in which healing and personal growth can begin. We are each on a unique journey and I would like to help you navigate the path you are on, and make space for the range of emotions we all experience as humans. Together we will explore what works best for you at this stage in your life. I believe each person has the capacity to heal themselves and I see my role as supporting and empowering you to discover your own inner strengths and strategies to decrease distress and increase wellbeing.
(413) 225-4197 View (413) 225-4197
Photo of Maxim M. Arbuzov, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Wales, MA
Maxim M. Arbuzov
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Monson, MA 01057
Maxim is a dedicated mental health professional with a specialized focus on addressing the unique challenges faced by men. With a compassionate and understanding approach, he is committed to supporting men through a variety of issues including relationship problems, intimacy concerns, sexual health, ADHD, PTSD, porn addiction, depression, panic and anxiety issues. Maxim's practice is centered on creating a safe and supportive environment where men can openly discuss and work through their struggles. His goal is to empower his clients, helping them to achieve a better understanding of themselves and their relationships.
Maxim is a dedicated mental health professional with a specialized focus on addressing the unique challenges faced by men. With a compassionate and understanding approach, he is committed to supporting men through a variety of issues including relationship problems, intimacy concerns, sexual health, ADHD, PTSD, porn addiction, depression, panic and anxiety issues. Maxim's practice is centered on creating a safe and supportive environment where men can openly discuss and work through their struggles. His goal is to empower his clients, helping them to achieve a better understanding of themselves and their relationships.
(857) 422-6556 View (857) 422-6556
Photo of Kristin Mayo Licensed Educational Psychologist in Wales, MA
Kristin Mayo Licensed Educational Psychologist
CAGS
Verified Verified
Brimfield, MA 01010  (Online Only)
I'm a licensed educational psychologist specializing in assessment and intervention of psychological disorders impacting learning and school performance (e.g. dyslexia, dysgraphia, dyscalculia, attention issues like ADD/ADHD, neurodevelopment disorders such as autism, and social-emotional disorders). I specialize in psycho-educational assessment focusing on discovering why educational difficulties are occurring and providing intervention recommendations. I am also available for guardianship assistance with special needs students and am able to sign guardianship applications.
I'm a licensed educational psychologist specializing in assessment and intervention of psychological disorders impacting learning and school performance (e.g. dyslexia, dysgraphia, dyscalculia, attention issues like ADD/ADHD, neurodevelopment disorders such as autism, and social-emotional disorders). I specialize in psycho-educational assessment focusing on discovering why educational difficulties are occurring and providing intervention recommendations. I am also available for guardianship assistance with special needs students and am able to sign guardianship applications.
(413) 216-2452 View (413) 216-2452
Photo of Cheryl M Green, Marriage & Family Therapist in Wales, MA
Cheryl M Green
Marriage & Family Therapist
Verified Verified
Sturbridge, MA 01566
It has been a very difficult time for everyone these past few years. We have all been experiencing the changes and losses due to covid. I have over thirty five years experience providing psychtherapy to adults and families. I have been working with individuals who may be in an unhealthy relationships or are looking to tackle personal issues and want to move forward in identifying goals and learning more about themselves. Please call and we can work together learning skills to feel more empowered and more positive in dealing with life's challenges.
It has been a very difficult time for everyone these past few years. We have all been experiencing the changes and losses due to covid. I have over thirty five years experience providing psychtherapy to adults and families. I have been working with individuals who may be in an unhealthy relationships or are looking to tackle personal issues and want to move forward in identifying goals and learning more about themselves. Please call and we can work together learning skills to feel more empowered and more positive in dealing with life's challenges.
(413) 287-8396 View (413) 287-8396
Photo of Pauline Quirk, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Wales, MA
Pauline Quirk
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified Verified
Monson, MA 01057
Waitlist for new clients
Life does not go according to a plan or road map, as much as we would like it to. Sometimes we need a little help in regaining our focus or footing. Do you need someone to help you find your inner strength to be the best possible version of yourself? Are you ready to make a change in your life but not sure how to go about it? Maybe you need to make a change but are not quite ready. If you said yes to any of these or have other concerns, I would like to help you.
Life does not go according to a plan or road map, as much as we would like it to. Sometimes we need a little help in regaining our focus or footing. Do you need someone to help you find your inner strength to be the best possible version of yourself? Are you ready to make a change in your life but not sure how to go about it? Maybe you need to make a change but are not quite ready. If you said yes to any of these or have other concerns, I would like to help you.
(413) 623-3123 View (413) 623-3123
Photo of Keith Obert, Counselor in Wales, MA
Keith Obert
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Brimfield, MA 01010  (Online Only)
I bring more than 30 years of experience as a psychotherapist. I uses innovative, effective and evidence-based approaches to individual and couples therapy. I'm a graduate of Cambridge College, where I earned my Masters in Education in Marriage and Family Therapy, I have received advanced training in Gottman Method Couples Therapy and Emotionally Focused Couples Therapy. I'm a Licensed Mental Health Counselor.I have a background in trauma and relational conflict and is known for my effectiveness in working with challenging relationships.
I bring more than 30 years of experience as a psychotherapist. I uses innovative, effective and evidence-based approaches to individual and couples therapy. I'm a graduate of Cambridge College, where I earned my Masters in Education in Marriage and Family Therapy, I have received advanced training in Gottman Method Couples Therapy and Emotionally Focused Couples Therapy. I'm a Licensed Mental Health Counselor.I have a background in trauma and relational conflict and is known for my effectiveness in working with challenging relationships.
(978) 481-3086 View (978) 481-3086
Photo of Dawn Jancaitis, Counselor in Wales, MA
Dawn Jancaitis
Counselor, LMHC, LPN
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Monson, MA 01057
We are all on our own life path. The path isn’t always straight forward. Life doesn’t always go according to plan, sometimes we need a little focus or footing. Life can be difficult to navigate, but together we will work to identify solutions to your detours, hurtles and obstacles so you can regain your footing and get you back on your life’s path.
We are all on our own life path. The path isn’t always straight forward. Life doesn’t always go according to plan, sometimes we need a little focus or footing. Life can be difficult to navigate, but together we will work to identify solutions to your detours, hurtles and obstacles so you can regain your footing and get you back on your life’s path.
(413) 300-6510 View (413) 300-6510
Photo of Green Valley/Palmer Counseling, Drug & Alcohol Counselor in Wales, MA
Green Valley/Palmer Counseling
Drug & Alcohol Counselor, LADC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Palmer, MA 01069
Are you feeling, afraid, depressed, anxious, overwhelmed or just feel like life is to tough. Do you feel like bad things only happen to you. Well don't feel alone, bad things happen to many people. Therapy is a chance to put things back into perspective and help get your life back on track. I base therapy on the individual needs of the client. Offering the highest level of care for clients in a safe, comfortable private setting. Client's learn to develop effective coping and problem solving skills to address life's challenges and to attain personal growth. TELEMEDICINE IS AVAILABLE TO ALL CLIENTS AT THIS TIME.
Are you feeling, afraid, depressed, anxious, overwhelmed or just feel like life is to tough. Do you feel like bad things only happen to you. Well don't feel alone, bad things happen to many people. Therapy is a chance to put things back into perspective and help get your life back on track. I base therapy on the individual needs of the client. Offering the highest level of care for clients in a safe, comfortable private setting. Client's learn to develop effective coping and problem solving skills to address life's challenges and to attain personal growth. TELEMEDICINE IS AVAILABLE TO ALL CLIENTS AT THIS TIME.
(508) 876-2379 View (508) 876-2379
Photo of James Manuel, Psychologist in Wales, MA
James Manuel
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Southbridge, MA 01550
Greetings. I am a general practitioner with 20 years of experience providing psychological services. My training and practice covers the human life span. Individuals, couples, and Families are welcome. I use a unique, innovative, culturally appropriate approach that is based on best practices derived from empirical and qualitative research. With all my clients, I seek to help them pursue the full unfolding of their true self, and close the gap between their present reality and their ideal. Making changes can be difficult, but I want to congratulate you on taking the first step.
Greetings. I am a general practitioner with 20 years of experience providing psychological services. My training and practice covers the human life span. Individuals, couples, and Families are welcome. I use a unique, innovative, culturally appropriate approach that is based on best practices derived from empirical and qualitative research. With all my clients, I seek to help them pursue the full unfolding of their true self, and close the gap between their present reality and their ideal. Making changes can be difficult, but I want to congratulate you on taking the first step.
(774) 420-2311 View (774) 420-2311
Photo of Caitlin Beth Grossi, Counselor in Wales, MA
Caitlin Beth Grossi
Counselor, MA, LMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Hampden, MA 01036
Do you need help, for yourself and/or loved ones? I work with children, adolescence and adults in an individual, family, or group setting. I strive to develop a safe therapeutic relationship with my clients. My goal is to develop a treatment plan that is individualized and specific to the areas of your distress. We will focus on strengths as well as implementing positive coping skills and exploration of stressors that hinder success and happiness in one's life. My practice is fully functioning and has transitioned into our “new normal”. Together I will provide the safest place possible through the many measures we have useful to us.
Do you need help, for yourself and/or loved ones? I work with children, adolescence and adults in an individual, family, or group setting. I strive to develop a safe therapeutic relationship with my clients. My goal is to develop a treatment plan that is individualized and specific to the areas of your distress. We will focus on strengths as well as implementing positive coping skills and exploration of stressors that hinder success and happiness in one's life. My practice is fully functioning and has transitioned into our “new normal”. Together I will provide the safest place possible through the many measures we have useful to us.
(413) 931-1935 View (413) 931-1935

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Wales, MA

< 10

Therapists in Wales, MA who prioritize treating:

100% Relationship Issues
100% Depression
100% Anxiety
100% Addiction
100% ADHD
100% Chronic Pain
100% Domestic Abuse

Average years in practice

23 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% BlueCross and BlueShield
100% Cigna and Evernorth
100% Medicaid

How Therapists in Wales, MA see their clients

100% In Person and Online

Gender breakdown

100% Female

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Wales?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.