Therapists in Wakefield, MA

Photo of Jade Palladino, Counselor in Wakefield, MA
Jade Palladino
Counselor, LMHC, MS
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Wakefield, MA 01880
Not accepting new clients
ALERT: Now taking individual clients for in person or virtual sessions — Attending therapy for the first time can be scary for many. Individuals tend to fear judgment, change, the unknown, and what they might discover in therapy but my aim is to provide a safe and welcoming place for one to talk about their concerns. I strive to create a space that feels safe, grounding and compassionate for all. From this space I believe individuals can improve coping skills, communication skills, improve relationships, establish healthy boundaries, set goals, decrease levels of depression and anxiety along with much more.
ALERT: Now taking individual clients for in person or virtual sessions — Attending therapy for the first time can be scary for many. Individuals tend to fear judgment, change, the unknown, and what they might discover in therapy but my aim is to provide a safe and welcoming place for one to talk about their concerns. I strive to create a space that feels safe, grounding and compassionate for all. From this space I believe individuals can improve coping skills, communication skills, improve relationships, establish healthy boundaries, set goals, decrease levels of depression and anxiety along with much more.
(781) 886-7477 View (781) 886-7477
Photo of Edith Block, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Wakefield, MA
Edith Block
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Wakefield, MA 01880  (Online Only)
I offer therapy for couples and individuals. I currently have openings for both. I understand that relationships are hard and complex and need to be nurtured.  Maybe the love that you felt for your partner is harder to access, buried under frequent and painful arguments or silent treatments.  Many couples find themselves avoiding important conversations/conflict or getting into circular arguments that don’t result in anything productive, most likely pushing the couple further and further away from one another. Perhaps there’s been a betrayal or an affair and you both would like to heal from it.
I offer therapy for couples and individuals. I currently have openings for both. I understand that relationships are hard and complex and need to be nurtured.  Maybe the love that you felt for your partner is harder to access, buried under frequent and painful arguments or silent treatments.  Many couples find themselves avoiding important conversations/conflict or getting into circular arguments that don’t result in anything productive, most likely pushing the couple further and further away from one another. Perhaps there’s been a betrayal or an affair and you both would like to heal from it.
(339) 217-8273 View (339) 217-8273
Photo of Maurice Maher Cheffro, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Wakefield, MA
Maurice Maher Cheffro
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Wakefield, MA 01880
We all would like to believe that we can manage our individual hardships on our own. Many times, we are quite capable of doing so but some issues can be more challenging. Having the assistance of trained clinician can help you gain more insight; more peace and the ability to better problem solve. My name is Maurice Maher Cheffro, I recently began Bridge Forward Counseling with the sole purpose of helping others to begin their personal journey towards positive change and healing. I believe one of my best assets is the ability to meet people where they’re at and help them to feel more at ease in order to take steps forward.
We all would like to believe that we can manage our individual hardships on our own. Many times, we are quite capable of doing so but some issues can be more challenging. Having the assistance of trained clinician can help you gain more insight; more peace and the ability to better problem solve. My name is Maurice Maher Cheffro, I recently began Bridge Forward Counseling with the sole purpose of helping others to begin their personal journey towards positive change and healing. I believe one of my best assets is the ability to meet people where they’re at and help them to feel more at ease in order to take steps forward.
(339) 233-4729 View (339) 233-4729
Photo of Dr. Kaitlin White, Pre-Licensed Professional in Wakefield, MA
Dr. Kaitlin White
Pre-Licensed Professional, PsyD
Verified Verified
Wakefield, MA 01880
Waitlist for new clients
Currently accepting new clients with availability Mon-Thurs, mornings and early afternoons (my evenings are unfortunately booked!) I specialize in working with children, adolescents, and young adults. As a former teacher, I know how challenging it can be to manage a child's behavioral and emotional needs. My specialties include interventions for individuals involved with the child welfare system, child abuse and neglect, mood disorders, trauma, interpersonal conflict, anxiety, school difficulties, and play therapy. My work emphasizes the importance of a compassionate, collaborative, flexible, and holistic approach to healing.
Currently accepting new clients with availability Mon-Thurs, mornings and early afternoons (my evenings are unfortunately booked!) I specialize in working with children, adolescents, and young adults. As a former teacher, I know how challenging it can be to manage a child's behavioral and emotional needs. My specialties include interventions for individuals involved with the child welfare system, child abuse and neglect, mood disorders, trauma, interpersonal conflict, anxiety, school difficulties, and play therapy. My work emphasizes the importance of a compassionate, collaborative, flexible, and holistic approach to healing.
(339) 675-2879 View (339) 675-2879
Photo of Maria Ceddia, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Wakefield, MA
Maria Ceddia
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Wakefield, MA 01880
I am committed to helping people live healthier, happier lives. I obtained my undergraduate degree at University of New Hampshire, and my Master’s in Community and School Counseling at Salem State University. Lastly, I obtained my LCSW at Boston University. My early years of work with children and families were in the trenches, working in Philadelphia’s elite protective services unit helping under-served and neglected families. Since that time, I’ve enjoyed working as a guidance counselor, school adjustment counselor, and a department head in local High Schools. I am passionate about helping people succeed.
I am committed to helping people live healthier, happier lives. I obtained my undergraduate degree at University of New Hampshire, and my Master’s in Community and School Counseling at Salem State University. Lastly, I obtained my LCSW at Boston University. My early years of work with children and families were in the trenches, working in Philadelphia’s elite protective services unit helping under-served and neglected families. Since that time, I’ve enjoyed working as a guidance counselor, school adjustment counselor, and a department head in local High Schools. I am passionate about helping people succeed.
(339) 500-7235 View (339) 500-7235
Photo of Christine Creegan, Counselor in Wakefield, MA
Christine Creegan
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Wakefield, MA 01880
Waitlist for new clients
It takes strength to admit that life has become unmanageable, that your previous ways of coping are less effective than they use to be. The first step to healing is acknowledging that those negative thoughts and feelings have been impacting your ability to lead the life you want. The next step is to ask for help. While asking for help can be overwhelming, I provide clients a safe, supportive, and nonjudgmental atmosphere in which to explore their path to healing. I offer a strength based and person centered approached to treatment. I will work with you to meet you where you’re at and help you reach your wellness goals.
It takes strength to admit that life has become unmanageable, that your previous ways of coping are less effective than they use to be. The first step to healing is acknowledging that those negative thoughts and feelings have been impacting your ability to lead the life you want. The next step is to ask for help. While asking for help can be overwhelming, I provide clients a safe, supportive, and nonjudgmental atmosphere in which to explore their path to healing. I offer a strength based and person centered approached to treatment. I will work with you to meet you where you’re at and help you reach your wellness goals.
(781) 257-8129 View (781) 257-8129
Photo of Lauren Brierly, Psychologist in Wakefield, MA
Lauren Brierly
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Wakefield, MA 01880  (Online Only)
Immediate Availability M-Th for telehealth only. Being a parent is hard, even under the best of circumstances. When you have a child struggling with mental health, the job can become even harder. You might find yourself feeling scared or overwhelmed, having lots of questions but finding few answers. The good news is that you and your child don't have to go through this alone- I'm here to help. As a clinician, I know that the effects of mental health are felt far beyond the individual. Though I work with children and adolescents, I believe in having a collaborative relationship with all members of the family.
Immediate Availability M-Th for telehealth only. Being a parent is hard, even under the best of circumstances. When you have a child struggling with mental health, the job can become even harder. You might find yourself feeling scared or overwhelmed, having lots of questions but finding few answers. The good news is that you and your child don't have to go through this alone- I'm here to help. As a clinician, I know that the effects of mental health are felt far beyond the individual. Though I work with children and adolescents, I believe in having a collaborative relationship with all members of the family.
(339) 330-2369 View (339) 330-2369
Photo of Nicole Dion, Counselor in Wakefield, MA
Nicole Dion
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
Wakefield, MA 01880
I believe that humor and trust are important elements of the therapeutic relationship. My goal is to provide a safe and non-judgmental space for clients in order to help them gain an understanding of how their past as well as their current thoughts and behaviors may be affecting their well-being. I strive to support clients around challenging the stigmas they may face and to develop confidence in living their authentic life.
I believe that humor and trust are important elements of the therapeutic relationship. My goal is to provide a safe and non-judgmental space for clients in order to help them gain an understanding of how their past as well as their current thoughts and behaviors may be affecting their well-being. I strive to support clients around challenging the stigmas they may face and to develop confidence in living their authentic life.
(781) 490-9061 x100 View (781) 490-9061 x100
Photo of Nancy R. Kelly, LMHC, Counselor in Wakefield, MA
Nancy R. Kelly, LMHC
Counselor, MA, LMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Wakefield, MA 01880
"Have you been experiencing feelings of sadness, or anger, or not sleeping well? Are you irritable and not liking yourself? Perhaps it is time for you to make a call to someone to help you work through your issues. I engage actively in the therapeutic process with you, and help provide you with ways to understand and manage your problems. We will work together to identify stressors and then create some simple techniques to balance those stressors.
"Have you been experiencing feelings of sadness, or anger, or not sleeping well? Are you irritable and not liking yourself? Perhaps it is time for you to make a call to someone to help you work through your issues. I engage actively in the therapeutic process with you, and help provide you with ways to understand and manage your problems. We will work together to identify stressors and then create some simple techniques to balance those stressors.
(781) 366-0369 View (781) 366-0369
Photo of Michelle L Rauseo, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Wakefield, MA
Michelle L Rauseo
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Wakefield, MA 01880
Not accepting new clients
It is a privilege when clients allow me to walk beside them and assist when they are on their life's journey. I am an interactive therapist who utilizes a strengths based and compassion focused approach with clients.
It is a privilege when clients allow me to walk beside them and assist when they are on their life's journey. I am an interactive therapist who utilizes a strengths based and compassion focused approach with clients.
(339) 217-8062 View (339) 217-8062
Photo of Ewa (Eva) H Hut, Counselor in Wakefield, MA
Ewa (Eva) H Hut
Counselor, LMHC, MCCS
Verified Verified
Wakefield, MA 01880
Psychotherapy is a journey of discovery and growth. “We know what we are, but know not what we may be” William Shakespeare wrote. As a psychotherapist I strive to facilitate that journey by creating a safe, comfortable and respectful environment that allows for free expression of thoughts and feelings. My psychoanalytic training provides me with the expertise and skill to look deeply into the experience of each client and to work together on overcoming the obstacles that stand in the way of one’s happiness and satisfaction in life. I am also an Emergency Responder & Public Safety Certified Clinician with over 12 years of experience.
Psychotherapy is a journey of discovery and growth. “We know what we are, but know not what we may be” William Shakespeare wrote. As a psychotherapist I strive to facilitate that journey by creating a safe, comfortable and respectful environment that allows for free expression of thoughts and feelings. My psychoanalytic training provides me with the expertise and skill to look deeply into the experience of each client and to work together on overcoming the obstacles that stand in the way of one’s happiness and satisfaction in life. I am also an Emergency Responder & Public Safety Certified Clinician with over 12 years of experience.
View
Photo of Ray Mount, Psychologist in Wakefield, MA
Ray Mount
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Wakefield, MA 01880
After 30 years in private practice, I have retired to do what I most enjoy which is helping our veterans connect with healing and growth experiences they find helpful. Among these is a program of mindfulness meditation in Nature. For more information, go to my website at Guidedwildernessconnections.com.
After 30 years in private practice, I have retired to do what I most enjoy which is helping our veterans connect with healing and growth experiences they find helpful. Among these is a program of mindfulness meditation in Nature. For more information, go to my website at Guidedwildernessconnections.com.
(978) 273-7094 View (978) 273-7094
Photo of Suzanne Burns, Counselor in Wakefield, MA
Suzanne Burns
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
Wakefield, MA 01880
Welcome to Begin Again & Thrive Counseling and Coaching with Suzanne Burns. Are you a teen or young adult who would like to move from experiencing... self-doubt, low energy, anxiety, disconnection, poor sleep, mood fluctuations, hopelessness and begin experiencing confidence & clarity, stable reliable energy, ease in your life, connection & a sense of belonging, rejuvenating sleep, mood stability and meaning & purpose?
Welcome to Begin Again & Thrive Counseling and Coaching with Suzanne Burns. Are you a teen or young adult who would like to move from experiencing... self-doubt, low energy, anxiety, disconnection, poor sleep, mood fluctuations, hopelessness and begin experiencing confidence & clarity, stable reliable energy, ease in your life, connection & a sense of belonging, rejuvenating sleep, mood stability and meaning & purpose?
(617) 655-7690 View (617) 655-7690
Photo of Nicholas Baldo, Counselor in Wakefield, MA
Nicholas Baldo
Counselor, BCC
Verified Verified
Wakefield, MA 01880
In order to maintain your safety, we are currently providing counseling services via telephone and face to face video sessions. If we are unable to answer your phone inquiry, please email and we will get back to you within 48 hours. I help my clients challenge the inhibiting beliefs that fuel self-defeating feelings and behaviors. My focus is on guiding people to develop greater emotional intelligence. My approach is humanistic and emphasizes the good in all of us. My goal is to impart powerful decision making and communication tools that you'll find yourself using constantly in all areas of your life.
In order to maintain your safety, we are currently providing counseling services via telephone and face to face video sessions. If we are unable to answer your phone inquiry, please email and we will get back to you within 48 hours. I help my clients challenge the inhibiting beliefs that fuel self-defeating feelings and behaviors. My focus is on guiding people to develop greater emotional intelligence. My approach is humanistic and emphasizes the good in all of us. My goal is to impart powerful decision making and communication tools that you'll find yourself using constantly in all areas of your life.
(781) 451-3073 View (781) 451-3073
Photo of Kristy Harrington, Counselor in Wakefield, MA
Kristy Harrington
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
Wakefield, MA 01880  (Online Only)
We all have ideas about how we "should" feel, what our life "should" look like, and how we are "supposed to" deal with the hard times. You're done being so hard on yourself and you're ready to get on with the life you want, but you're finding old stories, old ways of thinking and old habits are holding you back. You’re experiencing signs of depression, you're stressed, feel ashamed, and wondering - is this normal, am I normal? Maybe you've been using alcohol or cannabis to dull the pain and pass the time but that's starting to cause problems too. If it's hard to see a way forward, therapy can help you gain some clarity.
We all have ideas about how we "should" feel, what our life "should" look like, and how we are "supposed to" deal with the hard times. You're done being so hard on yourself and you're ready to get on with the life you want, but you're finding old stories, old ways of thinking and old habits are holding you back. You’re experiencing signs of depression, you're stressed, feel ashamed, and wondering - is this normal, am I normal? Maybe you've been using alcohol or cannabis to dull the pain and pass the time but that's starting to cause problems too. If it's hard to see a way forward, therapy can help you gain some clarity.
(978) 307-3614 View (978) 307-3614
Photo of Melissa Rosenberger, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Wakefield, MA
Melissa Rosenberger
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Wakefield, MA 01880
My strong desire to help others came naturally, growing up with a parent who was a first responder and through exposure to people with developmental disabilities in our community. I’ve tailored my education to support my passion of helping others. In 2021, I graduated from the University of New Hampshire with my Master's in Social Work. All of my jobs have focused on people, from my first job spending summers as a camp counselor with young children to my more recent jobs of working with at-risk youth and their parents, to my current work providing therapy to children, adolescents and adults.
My strong desire to help others came naturally, growing up with a parent who was a first responder and through exposure to people with developmental disabilities in our community. I’ve tailored my education to support my passion of helping others. In 2021, I graduated from the University of New Hampshire with my Master's in Social Work. All of my jobs have focused on people, from my first job spending summers as a camp counselor with young children to my more recent jobs of working with at-risk youth and their parents, to my current work providing therapy to children, adolescents and adults.
(339) 888-9202 View (339) 888-9202
Photo of Lauren McAviney, Counselor in Wakefield, MA
Lauren McAviney
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Wakefield, MA 01880
I enjoy a collaborative approach to the therapeutic process. By co-creating this relationship we can better understand your unique needs and strengths, and provide a space where you can discover new possibilities and new ways of being in the world. I see therapy as an opportunity to develop a deeper sense of meaning and connection to oneself and to others. I tend to work well with individuals who are looking to shift from a more "reactive" stance in life to a more "proactive", or intentional way of being.
I enjoy a collaborative approach to the therapeutic process. By co-creating this relationship we can better understand your unique needs and strengths, and provide a space where you can discover new possibilities and new ways of being in the world. I see therapy as an opportunity to develop a deeper sense of meaning and connection to oneself and to others. I tend to work well with individuals who are looking to shift from a more "reactive" stance in life to a more "proactive", or intentional way of being.
(781) 742-1347 x100 View (781) 742-1347 x100
Photo of Amanda Donahoe, Counselor in Wakefield, MA
Amanda Donahoe
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
Wakefield, MA 01880  (Online Only)
Hello! I am a Licensed Mental Health Counselor in MA and I am currently accepting new clients. My approach to therapy resembles teamwork, as we will be working together in a direct and collaborative way. I specialize in helping those struggling with anxiety, depression, stress, and sports performance related concerns. As a former D1 athlete and current coach, I understand the demands and hardships that come with being an athlete. By focusing our your strengths, your self talk, and your thought processes, we can work together to overcome any adversity that you are currently facing.
Hello! I am a Licensed Mental Health Counselor in MA and I am currently accepting new clients. My approach to therapy resembles teamwork, as we will be working together in a direct and collaborative way. I specialize in helping those struggling with anxiety, depression, stress, and sports performance related concerns. As a former D1 athlete and current coach, I understand the demands and hardships that come with being an athlete. By focusing our your strengths, your self talk, and your thought processes, we can work together to overcome any adversity that you are currently facing.
(339) 233-4394 View (339) 233-4394
Photo of Maureen Kenny-Woodworth, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Wakefield, MA
Maureen Kenny-Woodworth
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Wakefield, MA 01880
Unfortunately, I am unable to accept new patients at this time. Welcome, my name is Maureen Kenny-Woodworth and I have been practicing psychotherapy for 25 years. It is my goal to assist you in reaching your goals! Congratulations on taking the first step, I know it can be intimidating to talk to someone about your concerns. It would be my pleasure to work with you in creating a comfortable safe place to reflect inward.
Unfortunately, I am unable to accept new patients at this time. Welcome, my name is Maureen Kenny-Woodworth and I have been practicing psychotherapy for 25 years. It is my goal to assist you in reaching your goals! Congratulations on taking the first step, I know it can be intimidating to talk to someone about your concerns. It would be my pleasure to work with you in creating a comfortable safe place to reflect inward.
(781) 361-9138 View (781) 361-9138
Photo of Becky Azia-Donahue, Counselor in Wakefield, MA
Becky Azia-Donahue
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
Wakefield, MA 01880
Not accepting new clients
I am a licensed mental health counselor whose work focuses on Existential Philosophy. I strongly believe that it is each person's responsibility to find meaning and joy in their own lives. I believe that individuals begin to utilize their own strengths and coping skills to lead a more satisfying life. Through our past events and hope for the future, people can focus on their present and begin to better appreciate daily experiences. My philosophy about counseling has helped people dealing with depression, anxiety, and people struggling with substance abuse.
I am a licensed mental health counselor whose work focuses on Existential Philosophy. I strongly believe that it is each person's responsibility to find meaning and joy in their own lives. I believe that individuals begin to utilize their own strengths and coping skills to lead a more satisfying life. Through our past events and hope for the future, people can focus on their present and begin to better appreciate daily experiences. My philosophy about counseling has helped people dealing with depression, anxiety, and people struggling with substance abuse.
(857) 277-7471 View (857) 277-7471

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Wakefield, MA

90+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in Wakefield, MA who prioritize treating:

89% Anxiety
85% Depression
77% Self Esteem
74% Relationship Issues
74% Coping Skills
66% Trauma and PTSD
58% Peer Relationships

Average years in practice

8 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

96% BlueCross and BlueShield
73% Harvard Pilgrim
73% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in Wakefield, MA see their clients

77% In Person and Online
23% Online Only

Gender breakdown

85% Female
15% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Wakefield?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.