Therapists in North Reading, MA

Photo of Catherine Patricia Rowe, Counselor in North Reading, MA
Catherine Patricia Rowe
Counselor, LMHC, DT, RYT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
North Reading, MA 01864
Greetings, I am a Licensed psychotherapist with a holistic approach specializing in trauma and women's issues . As a registered yoga and meditation teacher and dance movement therapist I weave these creative healing arts modalities into my practice as needed and requested by my clients. As a dance movement therapist I realize and understand the importance of releasing traumatic experiences not only in talk therapy but also on a body level. I encorporate the ancient wisdom of Ayurveda medicine , and aromatherapy oils. As a practioner I believe in empowering women of all ages to step into their self worth and live their best life possible!
Greetings, I am a Licensed psychotherapist with a holistic approach specializing in trauma and women's issues . As a registered yoga and meditation teacher and dance movement therapist I weave these creative healing arts modalities into my practice as needed and requested by my clients. As a dance movement therapist I realize and understand the importance of releasing traumatic experiences not only in talk therapy but also on a body level. I encorporate the ancient wisdom of Ayurveda medicine , and aromatherapy oils. As a practioner I believe in empowering women of all ages to step into their self worth and live their best life possible!
(781) 343-7348 View (781) 343-7348
Photo of Deborah J. Colucci, Counselor in North Reading, MA
Deborah J. Colucci
Counselor, LMHC, CADC-II, MA-PGS, CCTP-II
Verified Verified
North Reading, MA 01864  (Online Only)
I am a licensed mental health counselor (LMHC), state certified in substance use (CADC-II), problem gambling (MA PGS) and Trauma (CTTP-II), located in North Reading, Massachusetts. After many years of valuable experience in the field of mental health counseling, I expanded and open my own private practice. I work primarily with adults, focusing on a wide range of presenting problems including trauma, abuse, addictions, anxiety and depression. I strive to provide a safe and trusting environment for all my clients.
I am a licensed mental health counselor (LMHC), state certified in substance use (CADC-II), problem gambling (MA PGS) and Trauma (CTTP-II), located in North Reading, Massachusetts. After many years of valuable experience in the field of mental health counseling, I expanded and open my own private practice. I work primarily with adults, focusing on a wide range of presenting problems including trauma, abuse, addictions, anxiety and depression. I strive to provide a safe and trusting environment for all my clients.
(781) 361-9478 View (781) 361-9478
Photo of Robin Beck-Miller, Counselor in North Reading, MA
Robin Beck-Miller
Counselor, LMHC, MCCS
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
North Reading, MA 01864  (Online Only)
Sometimes overwhelming challenges or changes can feel as though they’ve taken over our lives. All too often, rather than seeking the compassionate care we deserve, we try to bear the weight of our circumstances alone, which can lead to compounding feelings of self-doubt, fear, and isolation. I draw from a broad range of therapies to help heal the parts of you that are in pain. My integrative approach draws from Internal Family Systems (IFS), Mindfulness, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), and Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT). With these proven methodologies in my toolkit, I collaborate with you to make meaningful change.
Sometimes overwhelming challenges or changes can feel as though they’ve taken over our lives. All too often, rather than seeking the compassionate care we deserve, we try to bear the weight of our circumstances alone, which can lead to compounding feelings of self-doubt, fear, and isolation. I draw from a broad range of therapies to help heal the parts of you that are in pain. My integrative approach draws from Internal Family Systems (IFS), Mindfulness, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), and Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT). With these proven methodologies in my toolkit, I collaborate with you to make meaningful change.
(978) 595-9060 View (978) 595-9060
Photo of Melissa Boyd, Psychologist in North Reading, MA
Melissa Boyd
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
North Reading, MA 01864
I'm a Clinical Psychologist with training in schools, outpatient clinics, inpatient units, and as a Harvard Fellow. From conducting psychiatric evaluations in area emergency departments, assessing clients in crisis, to working across all levels of the public school system, I bring multiple perspectives for parents struggling to support children with emotional/behavioral dysregulation. Whether rooted in ADHD, anxiety, or mood, coaching parents through these challenges with practical strategies is a hallmark of successful intervention. For couples, I employ an objective, educational approach to restore communication and intimacy.
I'm a Clinical Psychologist with training in schools, outpatient clinics, inpatient units, and as a Harvard Fellow. From conducting psychiatric evaluations in area emergency departments, assessing clients in crisis, to working across all levels of the public school system, I bring multiple perspectives for parents struggling to support children with emotional/behavioral dysregulation. Whether rooted in ADHD, anxiety, or mood, coaching parents through these challenges with practical strategies is a hallmark of successful intervention. For couples, I employ an objective, educational approach to restore communication and intimacy.
(781) 423-3174 View (781) 423-3174
Photo of Reading Counseling, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in North Reading, MA
Reading Counseling
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
North Reading, MA 01864
My personal mission is to show compassion and care to every client/person that I come into contact with. I firmly believe that every person does the best they can with what they have to work with. My respectful approach considers you to be the expert in your own life and offers you the sounding board to come to your own conclusions with empathy and support.
My personal mission is to show compassion and care to every client/person that I come into contact with. I firmly believe that every person does the best they can with what they have to work with. My respectful approach considers you to be the expert in your own life and offers you the sounding board to come to your own conclusions with empathy and support.
(978) 396-1440 x01864 View (978) 396-1440 x01864
Photo of Melissa Audier, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in North Reading, MA
Melissa Audier
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
North Reading, MA 01864
Not accepting new clients
My practice concentrates on adults and teens. One of the most important parts of therapy is to feel a connection with your therapist so that a trusting relationship can develop. Within this safe environment, changes can occur within your life, both emotionally and behaviorally. I encourage you to come in and meet with me to see if we can find that path to change together.
My practice concentrates on adults and teens. One of the most important parts of therapy is to feel a connection with your therapist so that a trusting relationship can develop. Within this safe environment, changes can occur within your life, both emotionally and behaviorally. I encourage you to come in and meet with me to see if we can find that path to change together.
(978) 627-0531 View (978) 627-0531
Photo of Heena Kim, Counselor in North Reading, MA
Heena Kim
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
North Reading, MA 01864  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
Maybe you are a concerned parent of a child or adolescent who is showing some significant behavioral issues. Perhaps you've read every resource you can get your hands on and nothing seems to be working. I understand how hard it is to be a parent on a personal and professional level and it is my passion to help families find their balance again.
Maybe you are a concerned parent of a child or adolescent who is showing some significant behavioral issues. Perhaps you've read every resource you can get your hands on and nothing seems to be working. I understand how hard it is to be a parent on a personal and professional level and it is my passion to help families find their balance again.
(833) 313-0852 x3 View (833) 313-0852 x3
Photo of Cara McCormack LMHC, Counselor in North Reading, MA
Cara McCormack LMHC
Counselor, MEd, LMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
North Reading, MA 01864
You wish things were better in your relationship, but you feel so stuck and don't know how to make change happen. You wonder why you keep repeating the same mistakes or can't turn things around. A good therapist can assist you in making the changes you want, and in turn help you find more meaning, joy and fulfillment in your life and in your relationships.
You wish things were better in your relationship, but you feel so stuck and don't know how to make change happen. You wonder why you keep repeating the same mistakes or can't turn things around. A good therapist can assist you in making the changes you want, and in turn help you find more meaning, joy and fulfillment in your life and in your relationships.
(978) 675-3140 View (978) 675-3140
Photo of Dr. Colleen Long, Psychologist in North Reading, MA
Dr. Colleen Long
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
North Reading, MA 01864  (Online Only)
You would never let your child or yourself undergo surgery without an x-ray, so why would you ever start medications or therapy without testing? Our practice helps thousands of Massachusetts children, teens, and adults who have tried a myriad of therapies and medications with little to no success, so far. Our mission is to provide hope again in what seems like a failing mental health care system. We also accept every major insurance payer to ensure that all people can get access to affordable quality psychological testing.
You would never let your child or yourself undergo surgery without an x-ray, so why would you ever start medications or therapy without testing? Our practice helps thousands of Massachusetts children, teens, and adults who have tried a myriad of therapies and medications with little to no success, so far. Our mission is to provide hope again in what seems like a failing mental health care system. We also accept every major insurance payer to ensure that all people can get access to affordable quality psychological testing.
(781) 679-5258 x3 View (781) 679-5258 x3
Photo of Helena Bloomingdale, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in North Reading, MA
Helena Bloomingdale
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
North Reading, MA 01864  (Online Only)
I’m a Licensed Independent Clinical Social Worker and am certified in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy through the Academy of Cognitive Therapy. I utilize evidenced based treatments including, Motivational Interviewing, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Cognitive Processing Therapy and Mindfulness. In 2005, I earned my MSW degree during which time I trained at the Tewksbury State Hospital and at the Department of Veteran Affairs. I have over 13 years of experience in working with adults struggling with medical conditions depression, anxiety, substance abuse, trauma, as well as issues related to gender identity and sexuality.
I’m a Licensed Independent Clinical Social Worker and am certified in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy through the Academy of Cognitive Therapy. I utilize evidenced based treatments including, Motivational Interviewing, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Cognitive Processing Therapy and Mindfulness. In 2005, I earned my MSW degree during which time I trained at the Tewksbury State Hospital and at the Department of Veteran Affairs. I have over 13 years of experience in working with adults struggling with medical conditions depression, anxiety, substance abuse, trauma, as well as issues related to gender identity and sexuality.
(508) 321-6504 View (508) 321-6504
Photo of Lisa Montanye, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in North Reading, MA
Lisa Montanye
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified Verified
North Reading, MA 01864
Note** I am currently not accepting new patients. I have been a therapist for 20+ years and have worked at MGH for the last 12 as well as having a private practice. I consider myself to be a warm, genuine therapist and have experience treating anxiety, depression, bipolar, trauma, substance abuse and relationship issues. I have worked with individuals throughout the life span but particularly enjoy adults and couples. I come from a psychodynamic perspective and also include cognitive-behavioral as well as solution focused therapies in my treatment. Entering therapy is not always an easy step to make, but it can change your life.
Note** I am currently not accepting new patients. I have been a therapist for 20+ years and have worked at MGH for the last 12 as well as having a private practice. I consider myself to be a warm, genuine therapist and have experience treating anxiety, depression, bipolar, trauma, substance abuse and relationship issues. I have worked with individuals throughout the life span but particularly enjoy adults and couples. I come from a psychodynamic perspective and also include cognitive-behavioral as well as solution focused therapies in my treatment. Entering therapy is not always an easy step to make, but it can change your life.
(781) 350-3131 View (781) 350-3131
Photo of Kristen L Humber, Counselor in North Reading, MA
Kristen L Humber
Counselor, MS, LMHC, EdS
Verified Verified
North Reading, MA 01864
I am licensed in Massachusetts with 15 years of professional counseling experience. I utilize integrative and holistic therapeutic techniques to support clients in managing stress, anxiety and trauma. I work with individuals to increase motivation and self esteem, and have some experience working with executive and professional coaching. I believe in treating everyone with respect, sensitivity, and compassion. I will tailor our dialog and treatment plans to meet your unique and specific needs. Taking the first step to seeking a more fulfilling and happier life takes courage. I am here to support you in that process.
I am licensed in Massachusetts with 15 years of professional counseling experience. I utilize integrative and holistic therapeutic techniques to support clients in managing stress, anxiety and trauma. I work with individuals to increase motivation and self esteem, and have some experience working with executive and professional coaching. I believe in treating everyone with respect, sensitivity, and compassion. I will tailor our dialog and treatment plans to meet your unique and specific needs. Taking the first step to seeking a more fulfilling and happier life takes courage. I am here to support you in that process.
(978) 591-6594 View (978) 591-6594
Photo of Joyce Davis, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in North Reading, MA
Joyce Davis
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
North Reading, MA 01864
Hello, Finding the right therapist can be one the most important decisions one makes in their life. Whether you are seeking help during a particularly difficult time or want to explore unhelpful life patterns I welcome your call. I am a Smith College School of Social Work graduate with over 25 years of experience providing psychotherapy to individuals. Treatment is tailored to meet individual's goals and needs and I provide both short and long-term work.
Hello, Finding the right therapist can be one the most important decisions one makes in their life. Whether you are seeking help during a particularly difficult time or want to explore unhelpful life patterns I welcome your call. I am a Smith College School of Social Work graduate with over 25 years of experience providing psychotherapy to individuals. Treatment is tailored to meet individual's goals and needs and I provide both short and long-term work.
(978) 396-9088 View (978) 396-9088
Photo of Jim Morin, Counselor in North Reading, MA
Jim Morin
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
North Reading, MA 01864
I enjoy working with all ages, and bring a calming presence to the issues brought by children and their parents, as well as to the problems and concerns of adults. I specialize in working with people in their relationships. I an eager to work with couples, and also work with individuals on relationship issues. With adults, particularly men, I facilitate addressing the many barriers that undermine healthy relationships such as unmanaged anger, domestic violence and controlling behavior, substance abuse, and codependency. I encourage and help all my clients to utilize effective stress management strategies, including mindfulness meditation.
I enjoy working with all ages, and bring a calming presence to the issues brought by children and their parents, as well as to the problems and concerns of adults. I specialize in working with people in their relationships. I an eager to work with couples, and also work with individuals on relationship issues. With adults, particularly men, I facilitate addressing the many barriers that undermine healthy relationships such as unmanaged anger, domestic violence and controlling behavior, substance abuse, and codependency. I encourage and help all my clients to utilize effective stress management strategies, including mindfulness meditation.
(978) 664-2566 x218 View (978) 664-2566 x218
Photo of Lindsay Gervino, Counselor in North Reading, MA
Lindsay Gervino
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
North Reading, MA 01864  (Online Only)
All of my work is evidence-based. As a life-long learner and lover of all things mental health, I stay current with validated best practices. My sessions are compassionate, solution-focused and rooted in cognitive-behavioral therapy. I offer individual and small group psychoeducation and therapy; and mental health consultations for schools, universities and businesses. My consultations are strategic and creative. I am known to think outside the box. Humor is a cornerstone in my life and practice.
All of my work is evidence-based. As a life-long learner and lover of all things mental health, I stay current with validated best practices. My sessions are compassionate, solution-focused and rooted in cognitive-behavioral therapy. I offer individual and small group psychoeducation and therapy; and mental health consultations for schools, universities and businesses. My consultations are strategic and creative. I am known to think outside the box. Humor is a cornerstone in my life and practice.
(978) 991-1844 View (978) 991-1844
Photo of Anne Marie Grant, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in North Reading, MA
Anne Marie Grant
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
North Reading, MA 01864
Not accepting new clients
Trauma happens at a particular or multiple moments of time, but its effects reach into the present. Memories of past hurts keep coming up. You wish you could just forget those painful experiences and move on, except every day comes with triggers that remind you of the past. It is hard to get through each day. The feelings of sadness and hopelessness come and go, but it doesn't seem to get any better. Anxiety and nervousness get in the way of work, relationships and having fun. With all the struggles, healing is possible!
Trauma happens at a particular or multiple moments of time, but its effects reach into the present. Memories of past hurts keep coming up. You wish you could just forget those painful experiences and move on, except every day comes with triggers that remind you of the past. It is hard to get through each day. The feelings of sadness and hopelessness come and go, but it doesn't seem to get any better. Anxiety and nervousness get in the way of work, relationships and having fun. With all the struggles, healing is possible!
(603) 207-3198 View (603) 207-3198
Photo of Renee Sacks, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in North Reading, MA
Renee Sacks
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified Verified
North Reading, MA 01864  (Online Only)
Are you suffering with anxiety, intense stress, a mood disorder, medical issues, or difficulties adjusting to life changes? Are you a parent of a child or teenager and need guidance, education and support? I will work collaboratively with you, teaching new tools to help manage and decrease symptoms and improve your health. Finding a therapist can take time as it is a very personal process. It is important to get a sense that we could work well together. I encourage you to contact me if you are interested in learning more about my practice.
Are you suffering with anxiety, intense stress, a mood disorder, medical issues, or difficulties adjusting to life changes? Are you a parent of a child or teenager and need guidance, education and support? I will work collaboratively with you, teaching new tools to help manage and decrease symptoms and improve your health. Finding a therapist can take time as it is a very personal process. It is important to get a sense that we could work well together. I encourage you to contact me if you are interested in learning more about my practice.
(781) 549-7465 View (781) 549-7465
Photo of Tracey Libby, Counselor in North Reading, MA
Tracey Libby
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
North Reading, MA 01864  (Online Only)
Let’s face it. Life is hard right now and the past few years have been challenging for many. Do you find yourself worrying a lot about the economy, your bank account, job, health, or the world in general? Perhaps you’re grieving the loss of a person or pet, or are anxious, depressed or just feeling stressed to the max. Maybe you find yourself snapping at others or wanting to pull the covers over your head. Or maybe you’re dealing with chronic pain or another medical issue and lack the support of others because it’s “invisible” and they don’t understand. If any of the above sounds like you, I’d be happy to help.
Let’s face it. Life is hard right now and the past few years have been challenging for many. Do you find yourself worrying a lot about the economy, your bank account, job, health, or the world in general? Perhaps you’re grieving the loss of a person or pet, or are anxious, depressed or just feeling stressed to the max. Maybe you find yourself snapping at others or wanting to pull the covers over your head. Or maybe you’re dealing with chronic pain or another medical issue and lack the support of others because it’s “invisible” and they don’t understand. If any of the above sounds like you, I’d be happy to help.
(978) 988-1803 x8 View (978) 988-1803 x8
Photo of Michelle D' Avolio, Counselor in North Reading, MA
Michelle D' Avolio
Counselor, MEd
Verified Verified
North Reading, MA 01864
During my 30 years in private practice, I continue to gain immense satisfaction in seeing people make significant life changes and lead happier lives. I have found the humanistic, educational approach in psychotherapy as essential in helping people achieve a healthy self-concept. My intensive education and training, combined with my rich experience with people of all ages, results in successful therapy for those looking to improve their lives and relationships. If you are looking for a realistic and truthful perspective that will lead to better choices, responses and life decisions, I am confident my expertise will benefit you.
During my 30 years in private practice, I continue to gain immense satisfaction in seeing people make significant life changes and lead happier lives. I have found the humanistic, educational approach in psychotherapy as essential in helping people achieve a healthy self-concept. My intensive education and training, combined with my rich experience with people of all ages, results in successful therapy for those looking to improve their lives and relationships. If you are looking for a realistic and truthful perspective that will lead to better choices, responses and life decisions, I am confident my expertise will benefit you.
(781) 471-5099 View (781) 471-5099
Photo of Dr. Rachel Grieco, Psychologist in North Reading, MA
Dr. Rachel Grieco
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
North Reading, MA 01864  (Online Only)
Welcome to Grieco Psychological Services. We are a small group practice offering Telehealth to clients in Massachusetts. Contact me for a brief phone intake to be set up with a therapist. A bit about me: I own and run the practice and intake each client. As an integrative therapist, I use different modalities of treatment to tailor to each client's individual needs. I like to teach my clients about what symptoms mean and how to manage them with positive coping skills. The more you can understand about what you are experiencing, the more power you will have to make positive, lasting changes to improve your quality of life.
Welcome to Grieco Psychological Services. We are a small group practice offering Telehealth to clients in Massachusetts. Contact me for a brief phone intake to be set up with a therapist. A bit about me: I own and run the practice and intake each client. As an integrative therapist, I use different modalities of treatment to tailor to each client's individual needs. I like to teach my clients about what symptoms mean and how to manage them with positive coping skills. The more you can understand about what you are experiencing, the more power you will have to make positive, lasting changes to improve your quality of life.
(978) 267-1929 View (978) 267-1929

See more therapy options for North Reading

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in North Reading, MA

40+

Average cost per session

$147

Therapists in North Reading, MA who prioritize treating:

95% Anxiety
88% Depression
76% Relationship Issues
71% Self Esteem
66% Coping Skills
66% Stress
56% Grief

Average years in practice

15 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

97% BlueCross and BlueShield
61% Harvard Pilgrim
61% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in North Reading, MA see their clients

71% In Person and Online
29% Online Only

Gender breakdown

87% Female
13% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in North Reading?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.