Therapists in Copley Square, Boston, MA

Photo of Trinity Boston Counseling Center, Psychologist in Copley Square, Boston, MA
Trinity Boston Counseling Center
Psychologist, MAT, PhD
Verified
Copley Square, Boston, MA 02116  (Online Only)
TBCC focuses its services on providing individual therapy, group therapy, consultation, and training for adults working with youth. Youth workers are individuals who spend the bulk of their time (vocational or volunteer) providing services for, mentoring, supporting, and/or teaching youth (ages 0-25). We are committed to healing the traumatic impact of systemic racism in Boston, and to build a more equitable Boston in which youth of color can thrive. TBCC brings clinical expertise and deep experience working with youth of color and youth-serving organizations in Boston to co-create communities for healing.
TBCC focuses its services on providing individual therapy, group therapy, consultation, and training for adults working with youth. Youth workers are individuals who spend the bulk of their time (vocational or volunteer) providing services for, mentoring, supporting, and/or teaching youth (ages 0-25). We are committed to healing the traumatic impact of systemic racism in Boston, and to build a more equitable Boston in which youth of color can thrive. TBCC brings clinical expertise and deep experience working with youth of color and youth-serving organizations in Boston to co-create communities for healing.
(617) 849-9809 x365 View (617) 849-9809 x365
Photo of Jessica Clark, Counselor in Copley Square, Boston, MA
Jessica Clark
Counselor, MA, LMHC
Verified
Copley Square, Boston, MA 02116  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
Whether you are seeking support for ongoing internal struggles, acute life challenges, persistent relationship issues, or looking to find more calm and balance in your life, therapy is often a crucial piece of our healing and growth. You are not alone if you regularly find yourself stuck in patterns that lead to anxiety, self-destructive choices, hopelessness, or unhelpful outcomes. I respect it can be overwhelming to even think about beginning the journey so I hope you are proud that you are here. I prioritize creating a welcoming space to build a trusting relationship because we all need, and deserve, support on our journey.
Whether you are seeking support for ongoing internal struggles, acute life challenges, persistent relationship issues, or looking to find more calm and balance in your life, therapy is often a crucial piece of our healing and growth. You are not alone if you regularly find yourself stuck in patterns that lead to anxiety, self-destructive choices, hopelessness, or unhelpful outcomes. I respect it can be overwhelming to even think about beginning the journey so I hope you are proud that you are here. I prioritize creating a welcoming space to build a trusting relationship because we all need, and deserve, support on our journey.
(617) 615-9877 View (617) 615-9877
Photo of Janice V Delgado, Psychologist in Copley Square, Boston, MA
Janice V Delgado
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
1 Endorsed
Copley Square, Boston, MA 02116  (Online Only)
Welcome! I am Dr. Janice Delgado, founder of OKMinds Counseling, LLC. I offer online therapy to college students and young adults that are looking to find meaning and connection or improve their relationship with themselves and others. I work through a Client-Centered and Trauma-Informed lens to help my clients understand the relationship between their life experiences and worldview with their current struggles. My goal is to help you find new ways to perceive old situations and create a bridge toward resilience.
Welcome! I am Dr. Janice Delgado, founder of OKMinds Counseling, LLC. I offer online therapy to college students and young adults that are looking to find meaning and connection or improve their relationship with themselves and others. I work through a Client-Centered and Trauma-Informed lens to help my clients understand the relationship between their life experiences and worldview with their current struggles. My goal is to help you find new ways to perceive old situations and create a bridge toward resilience.
(781) 908-0527 View (781) 908-0527
Photo of L. Stella Loaiza, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Copley Square, Boston, MA
L. Stella Loaiza
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Copley Square, Boston, MA 02116
Not accepting new clients
"I am committed to help you find that feeling of empowerment within you that you may not have even known you had, and then using that empowerment to resolve real life situations."
"I am committed to help you find that feeling of empowerment within you that you may not have even known you had, and then using that empowerment to resolve real life situations."
(617) 712-0311 View (617) 712-0311
Photo of Jennifer West, Psychologist in Copley Square, Boston, MA
Jennifer West
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
1 Endorsed
Copley Square, Boston, MA 02116
Not accepting new clients
Creating a safe, warm, active and collaborative therapeutic environment is core to my treatment approach that focuses on helping clients explore their experiences, perspectives, and personal identities, as well as develop insight, find healing, improve relationships, and experience personal growth and empowerment. I respect and value the diversity of each client, focus on their unique social and cultural context, and believe each therapeutic relationship takes a different path depending on these factors. I enjoy working with a range of clients, including adults and students. Currently offering in-person and video-counseling.
Creating a safe, warm, active and collaborative therapeutic environment is core to my treatment approach that focuses on helping clients explore their experiences, perspectives, and personal identities, as well as develop insight, find healing, improve relationships, and experience personal growth and empowerment. I respect and value the diversity of each client, focus on their unique social and cultural context, and believe each therapeutic relationship takes a different path depending on these factors. I enjoy working with a range of clients, including adults and students. Currently offering in-person and video-counseling.
(617) 606-6074 View (617) 606-6074
Photo of Tyler Twombly, Counselor in Copley Square, Boston, MA
Tyler Twombly
Counselor, LMHC
Verified
Copley Square, Boston, MA 02116  (Online Only)
Therapy is a creative process we can embark on together. While change is truly hard work sometimes, as an experienced individual therapist and group facilitator, I strive to provide a compassionate and validating therapeutic environment while establishing a clear set of objectives allowing you to track, quantify, and celebrate your achievements as you progress. I reserve a portion of my practice for clients who utilize insurance and/or who reside in Massachusetts and offer convenient virtual coaching and consulting services elsewhere on a cash-only basis.
Therapy is a creative process we can embark on together. While change is truly hard work sometimes, as an experienced individual therapist and group facilitator, I strive to provide a compassionate and validating therapeutic environment while establishing a clear set of objectives allowing you to track, quantify, and celebrate your achievements as you progress. I reserve a portion of my practice for clients who utilize insurance and/or who reside in Massachusetts and offer convenient virtual coaching and consulting services elsewhere on a cash-only basis.
(617) 648-5588 View (617) 648-5588
Photo of Emma Naszvadi in Copley Square, Boston, MA
Emma Naszvadi
MA, Psych
1 Endorsed
Copley Square, Boston, MA 02116
I work with clients seeking to manage stress, understand themselves better, and gain insights into the dynamics of their relationships. I specialize in helping individuals who suffer from anxiety, mood disorders, grief, or emotional dysregulation. I have experience working with individuals from multicultural backgrounds. I am committed to providing a supportive and non-judgmental environment where individuals can feel safe to express themselves and explore their unique identities. I believe that psychotherapy should be tailored to the individual and that each person should be empowered to find their own solutions.
I work with clients seeking to manage stress, understand themselves better, and gain insights into the dynamics of their relationships. I specialize in helping individuals who suffer from anxiety, mood disorders, grief, or emotional dysregulation. I have experience working with individuals from multicultural backgrounds. I am committed to providing a supportive and non-judgmental environment where individuals can feel safe to express themselves and explore their unique identities. I believe that psychotherapy should be tailored to the individual and that each person should be empowered to find their own solutions.
(857) 371-3259 View (857) 371-3259
Photo of Elizabeth Hajjar, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Copley Square, Boston, MA
Elizabeth Hajjar
Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Verified
1 Endorsed
Copley Square, Boston, MA 02115
I'm Elizabeth (she/her), a therapist passionate about supporting clients of all ages. In our sessions, laughter and humor play a vital role. I prioritize the therapeutic relationship, believing it is the cornerstone of effective therapy. Genuine connections promote trust, authenticity, and mutual respect, enabling you to be your true self. I work with adults, couples, kids, and families. I draw from modalities like CBT, DBT, and IFS. I reject the one-size-fits-all approach and understand that every individual is unique. We can work together towards personal growth, healing, and empowerment.
I'm Elizabeth (she/her), a therapist passionate about supporting clients of all ages. In our sessions, laughter and humor play a vital role. I prioritize the therapeutic relationship, believing it is the cornerstone of effective therapy. Genuine connections promote trust, authenticity, and mutual respect, enabling you to be your true self. I work with adults, couples, kids, and families. I draw from modalities like CBT, DBT, and IFS. I reject the one-size-fits-all approach and understand that every individual is unique. We can work together towards personal growth, healing, and empowerment.
(857) 799-3952 View (857) 799-3952
Photo of Laura Alvarado, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Copley Square, Boston, MA
Laura Alvarado
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified
2 Endorsed
Copley Square, Boston, MA 02116
***Not accepting new clients currently.*** In the current environment, it is more important than ever to prioritize your mental and emotional well-being. Regardless of the challenges you are facing in your life, positive change is possible. Using curiosity and compassion to create a safe, supportive and nonjudgmental space, I assist my clients in gaining insight into the underlying issues that are causing their current symptoms. I help my clients identify personal strengths and resources that can help facilitate the change they desire.
***Not accepting new clients currently.*** In the current environment, it is more important than ever to prioritize your mental and emotional well-being. Regardless of the challenges you are facing in your life, positive change is possible. Using curiosity and compassion to create a safe, supportive and nonjudgmental space, I assist my clients in gaining insight into the underlying issues that are causing their current symptoms. I help my clients identify personal strengths and resources that can help facilitate the change they desire.
(857) 763-1851 View (857) 763-1851
Photo of Lori Stern, Psychologist in Copley Square, Boston, MA
Lori Stern
Psychologist, EdD
Verified
Copley Square, Boston, MA 02116
The most important factor in choosing a therapist or counselor, once you have established their credentials, is to select someone you are comfortable talking to. Research shows that the quality of the relationship can be more important to the outcome than the treatment modality. For this reason, I try to establish an understanding, collaborative and interactive approach, and I am happy to offer an initial phone consultation at no charge, before setting up our first meeting, You should always feel free to ask me any questions you may have.
The most important factor in choosing a therapist or counselor, once you have established their credentials, is to select someone you are comfortable talking to. Research shows that the quality of the relationship can be more important to the outcome than the treatment modality. For this reason, I try to establish an understanding, collaborative and interactive approach, and I am happy to offer an initial phone consultation at no charge, before setting up our first meeting, You should always feel free to ask me any questions you may have.
(617) 936-7288 View (617) 936-7288
Photo of Disha Joshi, Counselor in Copley Square, Boston, MA
Disha Joshi
Counselor, LMHC
Verified
Copley Square, Boston, MA 02115
Therapy offers a chance to change things up. Each is its own little safe haven designed to release difficult emotions and gain different perspectives from the one that keeps us stuck. Let me help you clear out the cobwebs of your life! My goal is to create a warm environment that fosters real human connection that leaves you feeling like you are part of something bigger than yourself.
Therapy offers a chance to change things up. Each is its own little safe haven designed to release difficult emotions and gain different perspectives from the one that keeps us stuck. Let me help you clear out the cobwebs of your life! My goal is to create a warm environment that fosters real human connection that leaves you feeling like you are part of something bigger than yourself.
(857) 420-5684 View (857) 420-5684
Photo of John Granger II, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Copley Square, Boston, MA
John Granger II
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW, SAP, CCTP
Verified
Copley Square, Boston, MA 02116  (Online Only)
Life can sometimes be challenging; it is filled with ups and downs. It takes a strong person to ask for help when faced with the challenges life may bring. It is important for you to know that you do not have to go through these challenges alone. As a therapist, I believe that you are the expert on your life. Through guided discovery, my goal is to collaboratively work with you to help you process and work through the issues that are present in your life.
Life can sometimes be challenging; it is filled with ups and downs. It takes a strong person to ask for help when faced with the challenges life may bring. It is important for you to know that you do not have to go through these challenges alone. As a therapist, I believe that you are the expert on your life. Through guided discovery, my goal is to collaboratively work with you to help you process and work through the issues that are present in your life.
(508) 690-8007 View (508) 690-8007
Photo of Christina Dolce, Psychologist in Copley Square, Boston, MA
Christina Dolce
Psychologist, PsyD, LEP
Verified
Copley Square, Boston, MA 02116
I am a clinical psychologist with a private practice in the South End for children, teens, and young adults. I specialize in providing personalized care to individuals who are experiencing emotional, behavioral, and/or interpersonal challenges. I offer a collaborative, compassionate approach, utilizing evidence-based treatments, including cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), dialectical behavioral therapy (DBT), and parent training.
I am a clinical psychologist with a private practice in the South End for children, teens, and young adults. I specialize in providing personalized care to individuals who are experiencing emotional, behavioral, and/or interpersonal challenges. I offer a collaborative, compassionate approach, utilizing evidence-based treatments, including cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), dialectical behavioral therapy (DBT), and parent training.
(631) 766-0331 View (631) 766-0331
Photo of Jonathan Schubert, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Copley Square, Boston, MA
Jonathan Schubert
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified
Copley Square, Boston, MA 02116  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
It wasn't supposed to be like this. You worked hard, you kept your eyes on the prize, you sacrificed, you never complained or made excuses. You had the work ethic, the grit, and the intelligence to overcome every challenge you faced. But for some reason that isn't working any more. You tell yourself to buckle down and power through, but you just...don't. You watch yourself drinking more, gaining weight, missing deadlines, lashing out at the people closest to you. It's all falling apart. You've outworked so many competitors and overcome so much, but now you're in a battle with yourself, and for the first time, you're losing.
It wasn't supposed to be like this. You worked hard, you kept your eyes on the prize, you sacrificed, you never complained or made excuses. You had the work ethic, the grit, and the intelligence to overcome every challenge you faced. But for some reason that isn't working any more. You tell yourself to buckle down and power through, but you just...don't. You watch yourself drinking more, gaining weight, missing deadlines, lashing out at the people closest to you. It's all falling apart. You've outworked so many competitors and overcome so much, but now you're in a battle with yourself, and for the first time, you're losing.
(857) 597-2160 View (857) 597-2160

Online Therapists

Photo of Tammy Stephens, Pre-Licensed Professional in Copley Square, Boston, MA
Tammy Stephens
Pre-Licensed Professional
Verified
Boston, MA 02114  (Online Only)
I'm a licensed clinical social worker with 7 years of experience, specializing in helping individuals facing substance use disorder, PTSD, adjustment disorder, anxiety, and various mental health challenges. My expertise lies in guiding individuals towards self-awareness and effective coping skills. I can also assist with parenting skills, public speaking, and managing anxiety. My client-centered therapeutic approach places you at the center of the process, empowering you as the expert in your own life.
I'm a licensed clinical social worker with 7 years of experience, specializing in helping individuals facing substance use disorder, PTSD, adjustment disorder, anxiety, and various mental health challenges. My expertise lies in guiding individuals towards self-awareness and effective coping skills. I can also assist with parenting skills, public speaking, and managing anxiety. My client-centered therapeutic approach places you at the center of the process, empowering you as the expert in your own life.
(888) 454-2439 View (888) 454-2439
Photo of Brenda Martin-Tousignant, Psychologist in Copley Square, Boston, MA
Brenda Martin-Tousignant
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
Boston, MA 02109
I’m a licensed psychologist who specializes in women’s and parental mental health. Juggling all the needs of self, children, partners, work, & daily life demands can result in an overwhelming loss of control and losing one’s “self,” which takes a toll on social, physical, & emotional wellbeing. Whether you’re trying to find your new normal after the newest addition to your family, dealing with relationship challenges, experiencing postpartum depression or anxiety, trying to process a traumatic birth or NICU experience, or struggling with grief or family trauma, I’m here to help.
I’m a licensed psychologist who specializes in women’s and parental mental health. Juggling all the needs of self, children, partners, work, & daily life demands can result in an overwhelming loss of control and losing one’s “self,” which takes a toll on social, physical, & emotional wellbeing. Whether you’re trying to find your new normal after the newest addition to your family, dealing with relationship challenges, experiencing postpartum depression or anxiety, trying to process a traumatic birth or NICU experience, or struggling with grief or family trauma, I’m here to help.
(413) 287-1782 View (413) 287-1782
Photo of Linda Tran, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Copley Square, Boston, MA
Linda Tran
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified
2 Endorsed
Boston, MA 02108  (Online Only)
Accepting New Clients! Have you been feeling more worried, overwhelmed, and/or depressed? Do you noticed you are getting easily irritated? Do you feel anxious in relationships and/or in social settings? Do you find yourself feeling like you are being silenced? I’m here for you. I will guide you in developing healthy coping skills to navigate through it and empower you to create positive and meaningful changes in your life. I believe you are the expert of your own life. In this space, you can talk, express yourself, and process anything that comes up for you. You will be seen and heard. You are welcome to cry, scream, and/or laugh.
Accepting New Clients! Have you been feeling more worried, overwhelmed, and/or depressed? Do you noticed you are getting easily irritated? Do you feel anxious in relationships and/or in social settings? Do you find yourself feeling like you are being silenced? I’m here for you. I will guide you in developing healthy coping skills to navigate through it and empower you to create positive and meaningful changes in your life. I believe you are the expert of your own life. In this space, you can talk, express yourself, and process anything that comes up for you. You will be seen and heard. You are welcome to cry, scream, and/or laugh.
(617) 553-4724 View (617) 553-4724
Photo of Sydney Griffin, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Copley Square, Boston, MA
Sydney Griffin
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified
Boston, MA 02199
Now Accepting New Clients! I am an Independently Licensed Clinical Social Worker in Massachusetts. I completed my Master’s degree in Social Work from Boston University as well as training in CBT with a Sports Social Work Certification from the University of Michigan. I completed clinical training at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Boston Medical Center.
Now Accepting New Clients! I am an Independently Licensed Clinical Social Worker in Massachusetts. I completed my Master’s degree in Social Work from Boston University as well as training in CBT with a Sports Social Work Certification from the University of Michigan. I completed clinical training at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Boston Medical Center.
(617) 981-6526 View (617) 981-6526
Photo of Julia Perault Fletcher, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Copley Square, Boston, MA
Julia Perault Fletcher
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-R
Verified
8 Endorsed
Boston, MA 02116  (Online Only)
I am a psychotherapist, licensed in New York, Massachusetts and Texas. I specialize in the experiences of young adulthood. My areas of expertise include anxiety, family and relationship issues, sexuality and gender identity concerns, life transitions, and grief. I also work with people looking for love and navigating the dating process. Lastly, I support clients going through the fertility, pregnancy or postpartum experience.
I am a psychotherapist, licensed in New York, Massachusetts and Texas. I specialize in the experiences of young adulthood. My areas of expertise include anxiety, family and relationship issues, sexuality and gender identity concerns, life transitions, and grief. I also work with people looking for love and navigating the dating process. Lastly, I support clients going through the fertility, pregnancy or postpartum experience.
(929) 533-1613 View (929) 533-1613
Photo of Samantha Krevalin, Counselor in Copley Square, Boston, MA
Samantha Krevalin
Counselor, LMHC
Verified
Boston, MA 02114  (Online Only)
I specialize in working with adults and couples struggling with relationship issues, anxiety, life transitions and substance use. When we are anxious and overwhelmed, it can cause us to feel disconnected from others. Feeling stuck and stressed can trigger self-doubt and poor decision-making, and this chips away at our self-esteem and unravels our relationships. I can help you identify the core issues that are negatively impacting you and your relationships, and deterring you from enjoying your life and achieving your goals.
I specialize in working with adults and couples struggling with relationship issues, anxiety, life transitions and substance use. When we are anxious and overwhelmed, it can cause us to feel disconnected from others. Feeling stuck and stressed can trigger self-doubt and poor decision-making, and this chips away at our self-esteem and unravels our relationships. I can help you identify the core issues that are negatively impacting you and your relationships, and deterring you from enjoying your life and achieving your goals.
(646) 907-6128 View (646) 907-6128

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Copley Square, Boston, MA

10+

Average cost per session

$182

Therapists in Copley Square, Boston, MA who prioritize treating:

86% Anxiety
86% Self Esteem
79% Relationship Issues
79% Depression
79% Peer Relationships
79% Coping Skills
71% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

67% BlueCross and BlueShield
58% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
50% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in Copley Square, Boston, MA see their clients

58% In Person and Online
42% Online Only

Gender breakdown

77% Female
23% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Copley Square, Boston?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.