Therapists in Back Bay-Beacon Hill, Boston, MA

Photo of Shera Weintraub, Counselor in Back Bay-Beacon Hill, Boston, MA
Shera Weintraub
Counselor, LMHC, ATR
Verified Verified
Back Bay-Beacon Hill, Boston, MA 02199  (Online Only)
Hello! My name is Shera. I am a Licensed Mental Health Counselor (LMHC) and a Registered Art Therapist (ATR). I have a background in anthropology and studio art, and am passionate about merging my interests into a positive and creative therapeutic practice.
Hello! My name is Shera. I am a Licensed Mental Health Counselor (LMHC) and a Registered Art Therapist (ATR). I have a background in anthropology and studio art, and am passionate about merging my interests into a positive and creative therapeutic practice.
(617) 996-7145 View (617) 996-7145
Photo of Susan Lucker, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Back Bay-Beacon Hill, Boston, MA
Susan Lucker
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Back Bay-Beacon Hill, Boston, MA 02116  (Online Only)
Whether on a journey seeking personal awareness, understanding and growth or dealing with major life transitions, traumatic events or relationship issues, my purpose is to help people achieve an improved quality of life.
Whether on a journey seeking personal awareness, understanding and growth or dealing with major life transitions, traumatic events or relationship issues, my purpose is to help people achieve an improved quality of life.
(781) 549-8106 View (781) 549-8106
Photo of Awake IntuMind, Inc., Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Back Bay-Beacon Hill, Boston, MA
Awake IntuMind, Inc.
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Back Bay-Beacon Hill, Boston, MA 02116  (Online Only)
If you are dealing with Anxiety, Depression, Trauma, and weight problems, call us today and let's start working together for peace of mind and life balance. We combine our clinical and coaching skills to help YOU find the right solution for YOU! We help our clients acquire more efficient coping skills/tools to let them access their inner teacher and healer to alleviate mental, and emotional suffering.
If you are dealing with Anxiety, Depression, Trauma, and weight problems, call us today and let's start working together for peace of mind and life balance. We combine our clinical and coaching skills to help YOU find the right solution for YOU! We help our clients acquire more efficient coping skills/tools to let them access their inner teacher and healer to alleviate mental, and emotional suffering.
(617) 917-3611 View (617) 917-3611
Photo of Jack Harari, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Back Bay-Beacon Hill, Boston, MA
Jack Harari
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Back Bay-Beacon Hill, Boston, MA 02116
I am a licensed independent clinical social worker with over 10 years of combined experience as a psychotherapist and career counselor. I have worked with clients with depression, anxiety, adjusting to college life and career challenges. I also have experience counseling clients with medical illnesses including Long Covid. My therapy style has been described as warm and engaging; I believe in creating a safe space with respect, compassion and open dialogue necessary to building trust.
I am a licensed independent clinical social worker with over 10 years of combined experience as a psychotherapist and career counselor. I have worked with clients with depression, anxiety, adjusting to college life and career challenges. I also have experience counseling clients with medical illnesses including Long Covid. My therapy style has been described as warm and engaging; I believe in creating a safe space with respect, compassion and open dialogue necessary to building trust.
(857) 675-3482 View (857) 675-3482
Photo of Virginia Rockhill, Psychologist in Back Bay-Beacon Hill, Boston, MA
Virginia Rockhill
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Back Bay-Beacon Hill, Boston, MA 02199  (Online Only)
I believe that we all need to have a sense of purpose or meaningfulness in our lives, something that our thoughts, emotions and life experiences contribute to the "heart" of our personalities. The process of healing from the challenges of life begins with a search for truth about our beliefs, habits and relationships. Physical health is affected by our mental health through the complex interactions between the brain and bodily functions.
I believe that we all need to have a sense of purpose or meaningfulness in our lives, something that our thoughts, emotions and life experiences contribute to the "heart" of our personalities. The process of healing from the challenges of life begins with a search for truth about our beliefs, habits and relationships. Physical health is affected by our mental health through the complex interactions between the brain and bodily functions.
(617) 500-4436 View (617) 500-4436
Photo of Mo Charles, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Back Bay-Beacon Hill, Boston, MA
Mo Charles
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Back Bay-Beacon Hill, Boston, MA 02199  (Online Only)
I am committed to asking the hard questions that prompt self-reflection and growth, guiding you to recognize and honor your needs, emotions, and values. By establishing healthy boundaries, my wish for you is that you will be empowered to make decisions that resonate with your authentic self, leading you to make decisions that honor your heart as opposed to dishonoring your heart.
I am committed to asking the hard questions that prompt self-reflection and growth, guiding you to recognize and honor your needs, emotions, and values. By establishing healthy boundaries, my wish for you is that you will be empowered to make decisions that resonate with your authentic self, leading you to make decisions that honor your heart as opposed to dishonoring your heart.
(347) 808-5917 View (347) 808-5917
Photo of Michael LoGuidice, Solution Focused Therapy, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Back Bay-Beacon Hill, Boston, MA
Michael LoGuidice, Solution Focused Therapy
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW, MEd
Verified Verified
Back Bay-Beacon Hill, Boston, MA 02116
Struggling with anxiety, focus, school or work stress, or family issues? I'm here to help. As a therapist with over 28 years of experience, I specialize in helping to equip you with practical tools for managing anxiety, overcoming obstacles, working through life transitions, and fostering authentic connections. I work with patients starting at age 13 and up. Conveniently located in downtown Boston, just a block from public transportation and the park, my office provides a comfortable space for your sessions.
Struggling with anxiety, focus, school or work stress, or family issues? I'm here to help. As a therapist with over 28 years of experience, I specialize in helping to equip you with practical tools for managing anxiety, overcoming obstacles, working through life transitions, and fostering authentic connections. I work with patients starting at age 13 and up. Conveniently located in downtown Boston, just a block from public transportation and the park, my office provides a comfortable space for your sessions.
(508) 456-5113 View (508) 456-5113
Photo of Jessica Knight in Back Bay-Beacon Hill, Boston, MA
Jessica Knight
MA, CPCC, NICC
Verified Verified
Back Bay-Beacon Hill, Boston, MA 02114  (Online Only)
It's okay if you need healing and a way forward and have no idea of where to start. Maybe you’ve tried individual or couples therapy but it’s been more harmful than helpful because your therapist didn’t understand emotional abuse and toxic relationship dynamics. Applying tools intended for two healthy people doesn’t work when there’s a Narcissist and/or abuse present in the relationship. Working with someone who understands patterns of abuse can help you make the right decision for yourself. I am trained in Narcissistic Abuse and High Conflict Divorce Coaching. - I also work with Millennial Women on life transitions (website below)
It's okay if you need healing and a way forward and have no idea of where to start. Maybe you’ve tried individual or couples therapy but it’s been more harmful than helpful because your therapist didn’t understand emotional abuse and toxic relationship dynamics. Applying tools intended for two healthy people doesn’t work when there’s a Narcissist and/or abuse present in the relationship. Working with someone who understands patterns of abuse can help you make the right decision for yourself. I am trained in Narcissistic Abuse and High Conflict Divorce Coaching. - I also work with Millennial Women on life transitions (website below)
(508) 484-8230 View (508) 484-8230
Photo of India Kyles, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Back Bay-Beacon Hill, Boston, MA
India Kyles
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Back Bay-Beacon Hill, Boston, MA 02199  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
I dedicate my work to helping hardworking men and women like yourself, obtain the tools they need to better manage high stress situations that often feel overpowering. As we work together to identify the issues that bring about symptoms of anxiety, stress and often depression, you will acquire the confidence you need to make those positive, meaningful changes. We will focus on empowering and lifting your spirit, before identifying areas of the mind that have a negative impact on the physical.
I dedicate my work to helping hardworking men and women like yourself, obtain the tools they need to better manage high stress situations that often feel overpowering. As we work together to identify the issues that bring about symptoms of anxiety, stress and often depression, you will acquire the confidence you need to make those positive, meaningful changes. We will focus on empowering and lifting your spirit, before identifying areas of the mind that have a negative impact on the physical.
(617) 682-7590 View (617) 682-7590
Photo of Crystal Carrington Jones, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Back Bay-Beacon Hill, Boston, MA
Crystal Carrington Jones
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Back Bay-Beacon Hill, Boston, MA 02116  (Online Only)
I am looking to work with people who are not satisfied with how things are in their life, and ready to take control in order for their lives to improve. In addition to actively listening and problem solving, I coach individuals to activate specific techniques designed to be applied throughout their daily lives. It is in the hands of the individual to apply these skills in order to reach their goals. If an individual is not quite there, we'll work together to figure out what's blocking their potential.
I am looking to work with people who are not satisfied with how things are in their life, and ready to take control in order for their lives to improve. In addition to actively listening and problem solving, I coach individuals to activate specific techniques designed to be applied throughout their daily lives. It is in the hands of the individual to apply these skills in order to reach their goals. If an individual is not quite there, we'll work together to figure out what's blocking their potential.
(857) 995-5016 View (857) 995-5016
Photo of Janna Koretz, Psychologist in Back Bay-Beacon Hill, Boston, MA
Janna Koretz
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Back Bay-Beacon Hill, Boston, MA 02116
I founded Azimuth Psychological, where we focus on the unique challenges of those in high-pressure careers and their families. My specialty is in entrepreneur mental health — especially around co-founder struggles, imposter syndrome, communication skills, burnout, difficulty making decisions under stress, and effective leadership. With my years of clinical training as a psychologist filtered through the lens of my own entrepreneurial journey, I am able to engage with entrepreneurs on a deeper level while providing the nuance, rigor, and evidence-based practice required to address big challenges.
I founded Azimuth Psychological, where we focus on the unique challenges of those in high-pressure careers and their families. My specialty is in entrepreneur mental health — especially around co-founder struggles, imposter syndrome, communication skills, burnout, difficulty making decisions under stress, and effective leadership. With my years of clinical training as a psychologist filtered through the lens of my own entrepreneurial journey, I am able to engage with entrepreneurs on a deeper level while providing the nuance, rigor, and evidence-based practice required to address big challenges.
(617) 431-3749 x1 View (617) 431-3749 x1
Photo of Margie Magraw, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Back Bay-Beacon Hill, Boston, MA
Margie Magraw
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Back Bay-Beacon Hill, Boston, MA 02116
I am a very engaged, active therapist. I enjoy the practical while trying to understand the systemic and root nature of a problem. I'm interested in a work relationship that is collaborative, drawing on the expertise and strengths of the client. . I tend to see many different kind of couples in my practice. I like teaching couples via the ideas of the Imago technique: a different way to communicate through the " stuck places"- but with a different outcome. I enjoy the work and believe that couples can find a way back to each other and their "better selves."
I am a very engaged, active therapist. I enjoy the practical while trying to understand the systemic and root nature of a problem. I'm interested in a work relationship that is collaborative, drawing on the expertise and strengths of the client. . I tend to see many different kind of couples in my practice. I like teaching couples via the ideas of the Imago technique: a different way to communicate through the " stuck places"- but with a different outcome. I enjoy the work and believe that couples can find a way back to each other and their "better selves."
(617) 229-6825 View (617) 229-6825
Photo of Laura Brennan, Psychologist in Back Bay-Beacon Hill, Boston, MA
Laura Brennan
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Back Bay-Beacon Hill, Boston, MA 02116  (Online Only)
I believe that relationships determine a lot about how we interact with the world - in both helpful and less helpful ways. Our behaviors, attitudes, thoughts, feelings, and relationship styles are reinforced over time by our experiences, families, partners, environments, and culture. Psychotherapy can help when stress, trauma, life transitions, or difficult relationships call for new ways of coping and navigating our lives.
I believe that relationships determine a lot about how we interact with the world - in both helpful and less helpful ways. Our behaviors, attitudes, thoughts, feelings, and relationship styles are reinforced over time by our experiences, families, partners, environments, and culture. Psychotherapy can help when stress, trauma, life transitions, or difficult relationships call for new ways of coping and navigating our lives.
(857) 226-9374 View (857) 226-9374
Photo of Erin McNiff, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Back Bay-Beacon Hill, Boston, MA
Erin McNiff
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Back Bay-Beacon Hill, Boston, MA 02199  (Online Only)
Hi! My name is Erin and I am eager to learn more about what brings you to Grow Therapy and how we can work together to improve your overall quality of life and happiness.
Hi! My name is Erin and I am eager to learn more about what brings you to Grow Therapy and how we can work together to improve your overall quality of life and happiness.
(617) 655-6082 View (617) 655-6082
Photo of Amy West, Pre-Licensed Professional in Back Bay-Beacon Hill, Boston, MA
Amy West
Pre-Licensed Professional, MSW, LMSW
Verified Verified
Back Bay-Beacon Hill, Boston, MA 02199
Amy is a therapist focusing on the needs of children, parents, and their families. She specializes in trauma: particularly trauma related to attachment, foster care, adoption, and medical conditions. Amy engages in a variety of therapeutic modalities as she supports her clients, including: CBT, DBT, SFBT, TF-CBT, etc. That alphabet soup can really be read as an indication of Amy's commitment to blending a variety of approaches to suit each unique client's situation. Amy is passionate about co-regulation and relational neuroscience, using these tools to support clients as they seek joyful connection and feel-safety in their lives.
Amy is a therapist focusing on the needs of children, parents, and their families. She specializes in trauma: particularly trauma related to attachment, foster care, adoption, and medical conditions. Amy engages in a variety of therapeutic modalities as she supports her clients, including: CBT, DBT, SFBT, TF-CBT, etc. That alphabet soup can really be read as an indication of Amy's commitment to blending a variety of approaches to suit each unique client's situation. Amy is passionate about co-regulation and relational neuroscience, using these tools to support clients as they seek joyful connection and feel-safety in their lives.
(508) 406-9077 View (508) 406-9077
Photo of Maryanne Galvin, Psychologist in Back Bay-Beacon Hill, Boston, MA
Maryanne Galvin
Psychologist, Ed D, ABPP
Verified Verified
Back Bay-Beacon Hill, Boston, MA 02116  (Online Only)
I'm a licensed and board certified psychologist (ABBP-Counseling) specializing in individual therapy with adults in Boston, MA. I earned the Ed. D in Counseling Psychology at the UMASS-Amherst in 1980 and have been a licensed & practicing psychologist since 1981. I earned the MFA (Creative Writing, Literature & Publishing) from Emerson College-'94. It's challenging to work with people who are eager to express their creativity. My nearly 30 years as a forensic psychologist affords me insights to help those coping with legal issues, grief, loss, relationship and career stress.
I'm a licensed and board certified psychologist (ABBP-Counseling) specializing in individual therapy with adults in Boston, MA. I earned the Ed. D in Counseling Psychology at the UMASS-Amherst in 1980 and have been a licensed & practicing psychologist since 1981. I earned the MFA (Creative Writing, Literature & Publishing) from Emerson College-'94. It's challenging to work with people who are eager to express their creativity. My nearly 30 years as a forensic psychologist affords me insights to help those coping with legal issues, grief, loss, relationship and career stress.
(857) 407-3778 View (857) 407-3778
Photo of Austin Seeley, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Back Bay-Beacon Hill, Boston, MA
Austin Seeley
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
10 Endorsed
Back Bay-Beacon Hill, Boston, MA 02116
Having a fresh perspective can make a big difference when we are going through a difficult time. My clients often need support in multiple life areas and have complex needs. I offer a compassionate, honest and gentle approach to people looking for individual therapy and support. My experience is primarily related to working with members of the LGBTQIA+ community who struggle with depression, anxiety, trauma and other emotional issues. I use a contemplative style to help you utilize your own strengths and resilience.
Having a fresh perspective can make a big difference when we are going through a difficult time. My clients often need support in multiple life areas and have complex needs. I offer a compassionate, honest and gentle approach to people looking for individual therapy and support. My experience is primarily related to working with members of the LGBTQIA+ community who struggle with depression, anxiety, trauma and other emotional issues. I use a contemplative style to help you utilize your own strengths and resilience.
(857) 349-9380 View (857) 349-9380
Photo of Salwa Galal, Counselor in Back Bay-Beacon Hill, Boston, MA
Salwa Galal
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
Back Bay-Beacon Hill, Boston, MA 02199  (Online Only)
Now Accepting New Clients! I am a Licensed Mental Health Counselor and Psychotherapist at And Still We Rise, LLC. I hold a Master's in Clinical Mental Health Counseling in addition to being a certified yoga instructor and licensed esthetician. As a person from the MENA region and a daughter of immigrants, I am passionate about cultural representation in the mental health field and believe it is crucial to make therapy and healing accessible to all communities. I am passionate about immigrant and BIPOC advocacy and destigmatizing mental health in Middle Eastern culture.
Now Accepting New Clients! I am a Licensed Mental Health Counselor and Psychotherapist at And Still We Rise, LLC. I hold a Master's in Clinical Mental Health Counseling in addition to being a certified yoga instructor and licensed esthetician. As a person from the MENA region and a daughter of immigrants, I am passionate about cultural representation in the mental health field and believe it is crucial to make therapy and healing accessible to all communities. I am passionate about immigrant and BIPOC advocacy and destigmatizing mental health in Middle Eastern culture.
(508) 514-5428 View (508) 514-5428
Photo of Christina Malloy, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Back Bay-Beacon Hill, Boston, MA
Christina Malloy
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Back Bay-Beacon Hill, Boston, MA 02116  (Online Only)
I see clients who experience anxiety, depression, relationship issues, workplace issues, grief and loss, stress, major life-transitions, and clients who want to work on setting healthy boundaries or creating a healthy work-life balance. It's okay if you don't know what your goals are for therapy yet. I believe in meeting you where you're at in life, and helping you find the skills and knowledge you need to heal and flourish. I also offer remote Ketamine Assisted Psychotherapy. I do not have evening or weekend availability.
I see clients who experience anxiety, depression, relationship issues, workplace issues, grief and loss, stress, major life-transitions, and clients who want to work on setting healthy boundaries or creating a healthy work-life balance. It's okay if you don't know what your goals are for therapy yet. I believe in meeting you where you're at in life, and helping you find the skills and knowledge you need to heal and flourish. I also offer remote Ketamine Assisted Psychotherapy. I do not have evening or weekend availability.
(617) 915-2349 View (617) 915-2349
Photo of Sarah Porell, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Back Bay-Beacon Hill, Boston, MA
Sarah Porell
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Back Bay-Beacon Hill, Boston, MA 02199  (Online Only)
Hello. My name is Sarah and I honor your quest for healing. Perhaps I can join and help guide on this phase of your journey. I am a seasoned licensed independent clinical social worker in the Boston, MA area with over 20 years of experience working with adults of all ages and walks of life. In addition to a degree in Social Work, I also hold a masters degree in Pastoral Ministry and a certificate in Spiritual direction.
Hello. My name is Sarah and I honor your quest for healing. Perhaps I can join and help guide on this phase of your journey. I am a seasoned licensed independent clinical social worker in the Boston, MA area with over 20 years of experience working with adults of all ages and walks of life. In addition to a degree in Social Work, I also hold a masters degree in Pastoral Ministry and a certificate in Spiritual direction.
(617) 676-0374 View (617) 676-0374

See more therapy options for Back Bay-Beacon Hill, Boston

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Back Bay-Beacon Hill, Boston, MA

1,000+

Average cost per session

$175

Therapists in Back Bay-Beacon Hill, Boston, MA who prioritize treating:

93% Anxiety
87% Depression
76% Relationship Issues
75% Self Esteem
69% Coping Skills
68% Trauma and PTSD
65% Stress

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

80% BlueCross and BlueShield
59% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
57% Optum

How Therapists in Back Bay-Beacon Hill, Boston, MA see their clients

60% Online Only
40% In Person and Online

Gender breakdown

81% Female
18% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Back Bay-Beacon Hill, Boston?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.