Therapists in Arlington, MA

Photo of Boston Center for Couples and Sexuality in Arlington, MA
Boston Center for Couples and Sexuality
PhD
Verified Verified
Arlington, MA 02474
At Boston Center for Couples and Sexuality, we recognize that while all humans struggle with one issue or another, at one time or another, it can be difficult to seek help and support. Expectations that you might have of yourself or expectations that you think or KNOW others have of you can really weigh you down when life gets busy. Sometimes you know exactly what you need help with, and other times, things just don't feel right and you just aren't sure what kind of help you need. Our clinicians will listen, ask good questions, and look at problems with you to figure out how to get you back on the path where you want to be. We work with individuals and committed couples, as well as those practicing consensual non-monagamy. While communication skills and sexuality issues are a significant part of our clientele, we also work with many patients with depression, anxiety, or grief as their presenting complaint.
At Boston Center for Couples and Sexuality, we recognize that while all humans struggle with one issue or another, at one time or another, it can be difficult to seek help and support. Expectations that you might have of yourself or expectations that you think or KNOW others have of you can really weigh you down when life gets busy. Sometimes you know exactly what you need help with, and other times, things just don't feel right and you just aren't sure what kind of help you need. Our clinicians will listen, ask good questions, and look at problems with you to figure out how to get you back on the path where you want to be. We work with individuals and committed couples, as well as those practicing consensual non-monagamy. While communication skills and sexuality issues are a significant part of our clientele, we also work with many patients with depression, anxiety, or grief as their presenting complaint.
(781) 539-9219 View (781) 539-9219
Photo of Dr. Pooja Saraff, Psychologist in Arlington, MA
Dr. Pooja Saraff
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Arlington, MA 02474
I am a psychologist with Cambridge Psychology Group with experience in treating adults and adolescents for a range of issues including adjustment to life stressors, relationship issues, other problems in daily living and more serious clinical problems such as disorders related to mood, anxiety, trauma, and personality. I have advanced training in evidence-based approaches including exposure and response prevention (ERP) for anxiety and OCD-related disorders, cognitive processing therapy (CPT) for trauma, and dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) for treating emotion dysregulation, and self-destructive and life-threatening behaviors.
I am a psychologist with Cambridge Psychology Group with experience in treating adults and adolescents for a range of issues including adjustment to life stressors, relationship issues, other problems in daily living and more serious clinical problems such as disorders related to mood, anxiety, trauma, and personality. I have advanced training in evidence-based approaches including exposure and response prevention (ERP) for anxiety and OCD-related disorders, cognitive processing therapy (CPT) for trauma, and dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) for treating emotion dysregulation, and self-destructive and life-threatening behaviors.
(617) 977-4940 View (617) 977-4940
Photo of Leza M. Sarrouf, LICSW, LLC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Arlington, MA
Leza M. Sarrouf, LICSW, LLC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Arlington, MA 02474  (Online Only)
Healing from difficult life circumstances can and does happen. For 20 years I have worked with adolescents, adults and families to help them heal from traumatic stress, transform their lives, and become their best selves. Utilizing creative and holistic interventions from an array of therapeutic modalities, such as IFS, EMDR, Solution Focused & TF-CBT, I work with individuals suffering from PTSD, depression, anxiety, adjustment disorders, poor self-esteem, behavioral disruptions and interpersonal conflict. I believe that everyone has the capacity and strength to overcome their past and live to their fullest potential.
Healing from difficult life circumstances can and does happen. For 20 years I have worked with adolescents, adults and families to help them heal from traumatic stress, transform their lives, and become their best selves. Utilizing creative and holistic interventions from an array of therapeutic modalities, such as IFS, EMDR, Solution Focused & TF-CBT, I work with individuals suffering from PTSD, depression, anxiety, adjustment disorders, poor self-esteem, behavioral disruptions and interpersonal conflict. I believe that everyone has the capacity and strength to overcome their past and live to their fullest potential.
(857) 226-9078 View (857) 226-9078
Photo of Judianne Brugger, Counselor in Arlington, MA
Judianne Brugger
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
Arlington, MA 02474
I strive for a space where each individual feel seen, heard and cared for. I aim to bring a warm hearted, respectful and non-judgmental presence in order to create safety to explore thoughts and feelings.
I strive for a space where each individual feel seen, heard and cared for. I aim to bring a warm hearted, respectful and non-judgmental presence in order to create safety to explore thoughts and feelings.
(339) 500-7715 View (339) 500-7715
Photo of Jeffrey J Howlett, Counselor in Arlington, MA
Jeffrey J Howlett
Counselor, LMHC, LMFT
Verified Verified
Arlington, MA 02476
I've been a licensed mental health counselor (LMHC), and a licensed marriage and family therapist (LMFT) for almost twenty years. I work with individuals, couples, and families out of the basement office of my home in Arlington, MA. My most basic therapeutic approach is that everyone is born good and whole. But, life happens and it sends us difficulties that we can’t always understand or handle. These difficulties can happen as children, adolescents, adults, in school, home, work, and in our marriages. Sometimes these problematic life experiences can affect our core beliefs negatively and/or overwhelm our abilities to cope.
I've been a licensed mental health counselor (LMHC), and a licensed marriage and family therapist (LMFT) for almost twenty years. I work with individuals, couples, and families out of the basement office of my home in Arlington, MA. My most basic therapeutic approach is that everyone is born good and whole. But, life happens and it sends us difficulties that we can’t always understand or handle. These difficulties can happen as children, adolescents, adults, in school, home, work, and in our marriages. Sometimes these problematic life experiences can affect our core beliefs negatively and/or overwhelm our abilities to cope.
(781) 483-4693 View (781) 483-4693
Photo of Barbara Phillips, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Arlington, MA
Barbara Phillips
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, PhD, LICSW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Arlington, MA 02474
"PEACE. It does not mean to be in a place where there is no noise, trouble or hard work. It means to be in the midst of those things and still BE CALM IN YOUR HEART" (author unknown). Has childhood trauma, relationship difficulties, or life circumstances created emotional pain, physical pain, confusion, or self-doubt? Each of us has the capacity and potential to live a peaceful, fulfilling, and satisfying life. We can work together to make this growth possible. I have extensive experience in transforming patterns that cause depression, anxiety, distress, and disconnection from one's self and others.
"PEACE. It does not mean to be in a place where there is no noise, trouble or hard work. It means to be in the midst of those things and still BE CALM IN YOUR HEART" (author unknown). Has childhood trauma, relationship difficulties, or life circumstances created emotional pain, physical pain, confusion, or self-doubt? Each of us has the capacity and potential to live a peaceful, fulfilling, and satisfying life. We can work together to make this growth possible. I have extensive experience in transforming patterns that cause depression, anxiety, distress, and disconnection from one's self and others.
(781) 728-0811 View (781) 728-0811
Photo of Jennifer Sheng, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Arlington, MA
Jennifer Sheng
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Arlington, MA 02474
Accepting new telehealth clients! Finding the right counselor in today's environment can be challenging especially if you are diagnosed with a health condition or have a non-traditional schedule. I am an experienced, licensed therapist in the Greater Boston Area specializing in grief, loss of pet, coping with illness, caregiver support, healthcare professional burnout/moral injury, and life transitions. My approach is tailored to each person and is collaborative, affirming, warm, empathic, strengths based and solution focused.
Accepting new telehealth clients! Finding the right counselor in today's environment can be challenging especially if you are diagnosed with a health condition or have a non-traditional schedule. I am an experienced, licensed therapist in the Greater Boston Area specializing in grief, loss of pet, coping with illness, caregiver support, healthcare professional burnout/moral injury, and life transitions. My approach is tailored to each person and is collaborative, affirming, warm, empathic, strengths based and solution focused.
(617) 741-9353 View (617) 741-9353
Photo of Eric Knee, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Arlington, MA
Eric Knee
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Arlington, MA 02474  (Online Only)
Imagine beginning every day feeling energized, confident and ready to take on whatever comes your way. You might feel better about your progress with life goals, be able create meaningful and close relationships, maintain healthier habits, and have a regular sense of pride and accomplishment. You know you have so much potential, but may not know exactly how to reach it. Be proud of yourself for taking this first step to creating positive changes in your life.
Imagine beginning every day feeling energized, confident and ready to take on whatever comes your way. You might feel better about your progress with life goals, be able create meaningful and close relationships, maintain healthier habits, and have a regular sense of pride and accomplishment. You know you have so much potential, but may not know exactly how to reach it. Be proud of yourself for taking this first step to creating positive changes in your life.
(617) 431-3852 View (617) 431-3852
Photo of Maggie O'Brien, Counselor in Arlington, MA
Maggie O'Brien
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Arlington, MA 02474  (Online Only)
Are you feeling disconnected, overwhelmed, unmotivated, or stuck? Or experiencing depression, anxiety, difficulty getting out of bed? Are these difficulties impacting your ability to engage with aspects of your life or to make changes? When it feels hard to start your day or get through your day, it can feel impossible to imagine things getting better. I am here to help!
Are you feeling disconnected, overwhelmed, unmotivated, or stuck? Or experiencing depression, anxiety, difficulty getting out of bed? Are these difficulties impacting your ability to engage with aspects of your life or to make changes? When it feels hard to start your day or get through your day, it can feel impossible to imagine things getting better. I am here to help!
(339) 329-1332 View (339) 329-1332
Photo of Sara Leo, Psychologist in Arlington, MA
Sara Leo
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Arlington, MA 02474
I am a licensed clinical health psychologist at Cambridge Psychology Group. I specialize in treating people coping with anxiety, chronic pain, stress, medical issues, mood disorders, and difficulties adjusting to life changes. I believe that each person is unique, and therefore no one approach is right for everyone. I strive to integrate a variety of techniques and perspectives from cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), mindfulness based therapies, relaxation training, biofeedback, clinical hypnotherapy, and supportive therapy to create a treatment that is tailored to the individual I am working with.
I am a licensed clinical health psychologist at Cambridge Psychology Group. I specialize in treating people coping with anxiety, chronic pain, stress, medical issues, mood disorders, and difficulties adjusting to life changes. I believe that each person is unique, and therefore no one approach is right for everyone. I strive to integrate a variety of techniques and perspectives from cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), mindfulness based therapies, relaxation training, biofeedback, clinical hypnotherapy, and supportive therapy to create a treatment that is tailored to the individual I am working with.
(617) 977-4770 View (617) 977-4770
Photo of Alison Shaw in Arlington, MA
Alison Shaw
RN, LMT, CBHS
Verified Verified
Arlington, MA 02474  (Online Only)
Do you want to go beyond the limits of conventional psychotherapy to heal the deepest roots of your emotional struggles? I'd love to help. In my practice, I bring together somatic (body -centered), trauma and energy based therapies in a unique model that creates more effective healing than talk therapy alone. This integrative approach helps you uncover & release the deep unconscious lifelong "Bodymind Patterns" that live in the psyche AND body & can perpetuate unhappiness and keep you stuck or returning over & over to the same struggles, anxiety, shame, depression, unfulfilling relationships, low self esteem disconnection and pain.
Do you want to go beyond the limits of conventional psychotherapy to heal the deepest roots of your emotional struggles? I'd love to help. In my practice, I bring together somatic (body -centered), trauma and energy based therapies in a unique model that creates more effective healing than talk therapy alone. This integrative approach helps you uncover & release the deep unconscious lifelong "Bodymind Patterns" that live in the psyche AND body & can perpetuate unhappiness and keep you stuck or returning over & over to the same struggles, anxiety, shame, depression, unfulfilling relationships, low self esteem disconnection and pain.
(781) 754-7175 View (781) 754-7175
Photo of Kate Lopez-Casanova, Psychologist in Arlington, MA
Kate Lopez-Casanova
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Arlington, MA 02474
I am a licensed clinical psychologist at Cambridge Psychology Group and provide evidence-based treatment for adults, adolescents, and children. My approach to therapy is primarily rooted in cognitive behavioral theory with an emphasis on the principles of dialectical behavior therapy (DBT). I approach therapy with flexibility and creativity to meet the unique needs, preferences, and values of my patients. My areas of expertise include difficulties with emotion dysregulation, anxiety, depression, suicidal ideation and behavior, self-harm, personality disorders, grief, relational challenges, life transitions, and traumatic stress.
I am a licensed clinical psychologist at Cambridge Psychology Group and provide evidence-based treatment for adults, adolescents, and children. My approach to therapy is primarily rooted in cognitive behavioral theory with an emphasis on the principles of dialectical behavior therapy (DBT). I approach therapy with flexibility and creativity to meet the unique needs, preferences, and values of my patients. My areas of expertise include difficulties with emotion dysregulation, anxiety, depression, suicidal ideation and behavior, self-harm, personality disorders, grief, relational challenges, life transitions, and traumatic stress.
(617) 819-0747 View (617) 819-0747
Photo of Dr. Julian Pino, Pre-Licensed Professional in Arlington, MA
Dr. Julian Pino
Pre-Licensed Professional, PsyD
Verified Verified
Arlington, MA 02476
My ideal client is likely someone seeking therapy across the lifespan, dealing with issues like depression, anxiety, ADHD, or trauma. I specialize in working with athletes, especially collegiate athletes, and those facing high-stress transitions in their athletic careers, given my personal and professional background in the field. My collaborative and adaptable therapeutic approach caters to individuals seeking support and growth in various life circumstances.
My ideal client is likely someone seeking therapy across the lifespan, dealing with issues like depression, anxiety, ADHD, or trauma. I specialize in working with athletes, especially collegiate athletes, and those facing high-stress transitions in their athletic careers, given my personal and professional background in the field. My collaborative and adaptable therapeutic approach caters to individuals seeking support and growth in various life circumstances.
(339) 329-1786 View (339) 329-1786
Photo of Marilyn Downs, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Arlington, MA
Marilyn Downs
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, PhD, LICSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Arlington, MA 02474
Not accepting new clients
I have over thirty years of experience providing therapy to adults of all ages. My style is warm, non-judgmental, respectful, and active. I use a blend of relational, mindfulness, psychodynamic and skills-based approaches to help you gain clarity and develop strategies to feel better. I am also trained in EMDR and sometimes incorporate those practices into my work with clients when needed. I am interested in seeing you as a whole person; understanding your experiences within your personal, cultural and social contexts; and supporting your strengths and resilience.
I have over thirty years of experience providing therapy to adults of all ages. My style is warm, non-judgmental, respectful, and active. I use a blend of relational, mindfulness, psychodynamic and skills-based approaches to help you gain clarity and develop strategies to feel better. I am also trained in EMDR and sometimes incorporate those practices into my work with clients when needed. I am interested in seeing you as a whole person; understanding your experiences within your personal, cultural and social contexts; and supporting your strengths and resilience.
(339) 209-0182 View (339) 209-0182
Photo of Amanda Brickley, Counselor in Arlington, MA
Amanda Brickley
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Arlington, MA 02476
Not accepting new clients
There are many reasons people seek out therapy. For some, it may be to find clarity, discover ways to ease anxiety, improve mood or functioning, or process challenging life experiences or trauma. Seeking help and support is the first courageous step towards a more empowered sense of self.
There are many reasons people seek out therapy. For some, it may be to find clarity, discover ways to ease anxiety, improve mood or functioning, or process challenging life experiences or trauma. Seeking help and support is the first courageous step towards a more empowered sense of self.
(781) 218-2377 View (781) 218-2377
Photo of Zach Moses, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Arlington, MA
Zach Moses
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Arlington, MA 02476
Not accepting new clients
Zach works with adults suffering with both new and chronic conditions such as chronic pain, anxiety, OCD, depression, and insomnia. His focus is on using process based techniques based in applied behavioral contextual science research. His style is aimed at establishing strong therapeutic relationships quickly and deeply as these are the keys to treatment success and satisfaction.
Zach works with adults suffering with both new and chronic conditions such as chronic pain, anxiety, OCD, depression, and insomnia. His focus is on using process based techniques based in applied behavioral contextual science research. His style is aimed at establishing strong therapeutic relationships quickly and deeply as these are the keys to treatment success and satisfaction.
(617) 749-2379 View (617) 749-2379
Photo of David Harrison, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Arlington, MA
David Harrison
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Arlington, MA 02474
Good therapy happens when clients feel respected and understood. I listen, talk, interpret, untangle - always drawing on my experience with intergenerational and relational issues - to address your individual needs. Together we can identify goals, overcome obstacles, and help you make positive change.
Good therapy happens when clients feel respected and understood. I listen, talk, interpret, untangle - always drawing on my experience with intergenerational and relational issues - to address your individual needs. Together we can identify goals, overcome obstacles, and help you make positive change.
(978) 296-4263 View (978) 296-4263
Photo of Mary Beth Medvide, Psychologist in Arlington, MA
Mary Beth Medvide
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Arlington, MA 02476
Saturday 10:00 am (in-person) Available - Are you concerned about your child’s progress in school or relationships with peers? Are you a young adult who is struggling to enjoy activities, make decisions, or tackle challenging situations? These are the types of questions that can be answered through empathic and supportive psychotherapy with a skilled clinician. I work with children, adolescents, and young adults experiencing anxiety, depression, ADHD, trauma, difficult life transitions, or social challenges. I help my clients to develop healthy coping strategies to overcome stressful situations and to enjoy life more.
Saturday 10:00 am (in-person) Available - Are you concerned about your child’s progress in school or relationships with peers? Are you a young adult who is struggling to enjoy activities, make decisions, or tackle challenging situations? These are the types of questions that can be answered through empathic and supportive psychotherapy with a skilled clinician. I work with children, adolescents, and young adults experiencing anxiety, depression, ADHD, trauma, difficult life transitions, or social challenges. I help my clients to develop healthy coping strategies to overcome stressful situations and to enjoy life more.
(339) 329-6944 View (339) 329-6944
Photo of Suzanne E. Marcus, Marriage & Family Therapist in Arlington, MA
Suzanne E. Marcus
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, EdM
Verified Verified
Arlington, MA 02476
I am a Managing Director at the New England Center for Couples and Families, working primarily with couples. I love my work, and take an active, collaborative approach with my clients. I use an "attachment lens" while working, to help people find the underlying, deeper reasons that explain why they act in the ways they do in their relationships. I believe we all seek emotional intimacy, and that, with help, we can learn how to both offer it and receive it. I am certified in EFT (Emotionally Focused Therapy), a highly successful, research-based approach to working with couples.
I am a Managing Director at the New England Center for Couples and Families, working primarily with couples. I love my work, and take an active, collaborative approach with my clients. I use an "attachment lens" while working, to help people find the underlying, deeper reasons that explain why they act in the ways they do in their relationships. I believe we all seek emotional intimacy, and that, with help, we can learn how to both offer it and receive it. I am certified in EFT (Emotionally Focused Therapy), a highly successful, research-based approach to working with couples.
(781) 277-7736 View (781) 277-7736
Photo of Shireen Idriss, Pre-Licensed Professional in Arlington, MA
Shireen Idriss
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA
Verified Verified
Arlington, MA 02476
I work with all ages with a specialization in children, adolescents and families. I support individuals and families as they navigate daily stressors, symptoms of anxiety and depression, as well as past trauma. I acknowledge the importance of a therapeutic alliance as a foundation for the healing journey. I offer a nonjudgmental, warm, caring, and empowering environment. Believing that each client is the expert of themselves, I will work collaboratively with you and/or your child to meet your needs and goals.
I work with all ages with a specialization in children, adolescents and families. I support individuals and families as they navigate daily stressors, symptoms of anxiety and depression, as well as past trauma. I acknowledge the importance of a therapeutic alliance as a foundation for the healing journey. I offer a nonjudgmental, warm, caring, and empowering environment. Believing that each client is the expert of themselves, I will work collaboratively with you and/or your child to meet your needs and goals.
(339) 329-7073 View (339) 329-7073

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Arlington, MA

400+

Average cost per session

$175

Therapists in Arlington, MA who prioritize treating:

92% Anxiety
87% Depression
79% Relationship Issues
76% Self Esteem
67% Coping Skills
66% Trauma and PTSD
64% Stress

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

83% BlueCross and BlueShield
51% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
50% Optum

How Therapists in Arlington, MA see their clients

69% In Person and Online
31% Online Only

Gender breakdown

83% Female
16% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Arlington?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.