Therapists in Fort Mitchell, KY

Photo of Melanie Jarmon, Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor in Fort Mitchell, KY
Melanie Jarmon
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, LPCC
Verified
Fort Mitchell, KY 41017
Melanie Jarmon, LPCC Melanie Jarmon is a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor in Kentucky with 10 years of experience. She has an Associate Degree in Financial Management, a Bachelor of Arts in Educational Studies, and a Master of Education in Mental Health Counseling. Melanie believes that each client is a unique individual influenced by his, her or their culture, family, values, beliefs, and personal identity. She strives to honor and respect the uniqueness of each person she treats. Her goal is to guide individuals and families toward better functioning in all areas of their lives.
Melanie Jarmon, LPCC Melanie Jarmon is a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor in Kentucky with 10 years of experience. She has an Associate Degree in Financial Management, a Bachelor of Arts in Educational Studies, and a Master of Education in Mental Health Counseling. Melanie believes that each client is a unique individual influenced by his, her or their culture, family, values, beliefs, and personal identity. She strives to honor and respect the uniqueness of each person she treats. Her goal is to guide individuals and families toward better functioning in all areas of their lives.
(859) 715-1159 View (859) 715-1159
Photo of Jennifer Couch, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Fort Mitchell, KY
Jennifer Couch
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LPCC
Verified
Fort Mitchell, KY 41017
Jennifer Couch is a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor who has been practicing since 2016. She graduated from Northern Kentucky University with a Master of Science in Clinical Mental Health Counseling. Jennifer believes that treatment should be individualized and tailored to fit the client's needs. Her main areas of focus are mood disorders, trauma, and stress management. In her spare time Jennifer enjoys ceramics as a part of her personal self care plan.
Jennifer Couch is a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor who has been practicing since 2016. She graduated from Northern Kentucky University with a Master of Science in Clinical Mental Health Counseling. Jennifer believes that treatment should be individualized and tailored to fit the client's needs. Her main areas of focus are mood disorders, trauma, and stress management. In her spare time Jennifer enjoys ceramics as a part of her personal self care plan.
(859) 809-2231 View (859) 809-2231
Photo of Kristen Dahl, Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor in Fort Mitchell, KY
Kristen Dahl
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, LPCA
Verified
Fort Mitchell, KY 41017
Kristen Dahl is a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor with more than 2 years' experience specializing in PTSD, depression, anxiety, childhood behavioral issues, bereavement and life transition issues. Kristen treats clients between the ages of 6 and 90 utilizing Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, and Person-Centered Therapy in her approach depending on client needs.
Kristen Dahl is a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor with more than 2 years' experience specializing in PTSD, depression, anxiety, childhood behavioral issues, bereavement and life transition issues. Kristen treats clients between the ages of 6 and 90 utilizing Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, and Person-Centered Therapy in her approach depending on client needs.
(859) 712-9964 View (859) 712-9964
Photo of Jean Love, Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor in Fort Mitchell, KY
Jean Love
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, LPCC-S
Verified
Fort Mitchell, KY 41011
With a background working in community mental health, I have experience with an exceptionally diverse population of clientele. My passion is working with individuals, but I am adaptable to any therapeutic situation.
With a background working in community mental health, I have experience with an exceptionally diverse population of clientele. My passion is working with individuals, but I am adaptable to any therapeutic situation.
(859) 955-8228 View (859) 955-8228
Photo of Nicholas Prior, Counselor in Fort Mitchell, KY
Nicholas Prior
Counselor, LPCC
Verified
Fort Mitchell, KY 41017
Nicholas Prior is a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor in Kentucky who has been practicing since 2020. He has a Psychology BS from Northern Kentucky University and a Clinical Mental Health Counseling MA from Xavier University. Nicholas's experience with residential treatment, therapeutic foster care, and behavioral health services allows him to pull from a wide variety of insights and contexts to create an individualized treatment approach in order to meet your unique needs and preferences. He strives to meet you where you are and helps facilitate the meaningful and impactful changes you wish to see in your life.
Nicholas Prior is a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor in Kentucky who has been practicing since 2020. He has a Psychology BS from Northern Kentucky University and a Clinical Mental Health Counseling MA from Xavier University. Nicholas's experience with residential treatment, therapeutic foster care, and behavioral health services allows him to pull from a wide variety of insights and contexts to create an individualized treatment approach in order to meet your unique needs and preferences. He strives to meet you where you are and helps facilitate the meaningful and impactful changes you wish to see in your life.
(859) 648-3154 View (859) 648-3154
Photo of Victoria Carella, Pre-Licensed Professional in Fort Mitchell, KY
Victoria Carella
Pre-Licensed Professional
Verified
Fort Mitchell, KY 41011
I am passionate about working with couples and individuals and in meeting clients where they are at. I offer support for a wide range of concerns including, but not limited to, depression, anxiety, eating disorders, body image, infidelity, and chronic illness. As a queer woman, I also understand the difficulties that come with being a part of the LGBTQIA+ community, whether it impacts one’s personal, professional, or religious relationships. Together, we can face these challenges and work towards a future of transformation to meet your goals and needs.
I am passionate about working with couples and individuals and in meeting clients where they are at. I offer support for a wide range of concerns including, but not limited to, depression, anxiety, eating disorders, body image, infidelity, and chronic illness. As a queer woman, I also understand the difficulties that come with being a part of the LGBTQIA+ community, whether it impacts one’s personal, professional, or religious relationships. Together, we can face these challenges and work towards a future of transformation to meet your goals and needs.
(859) 800-6278 View (859) 800-6278
Photo of Kaitlynn Stephens, Pre-Licensed Professional in Fort Mitchell, KY
Kaitlynn Stephens
Pre-Licensed Professional
Verified
Fort Mitchell, KY 41011
I am excited to work with diverse populations and create a comfortable and safe environment in which to explore whatever issues clients may face. I approach counseling in a multicultural nature, with a person centered focus. I work with individuals and couples with general mental health and have a focus in sex and relationship therapy.
I am excited to work with diverse populations and create a comfortable and safe environment in which to explore whatever issues clients may face. I approach counseling in a multicultural nature, with a person centered focus. I work with individuals and couples with general mental health and have a focus in sex and relationship therapy.
(859) 800-5964 View (859) 800-5964
Photo of Taylor Allesch, Licensed Professional Counselor in Fort Mitchell, KY
Taylor Allesch
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified
Fort Mitchell, KY 41011
My motivation to become involved with the world of sex and relationships counseling came from a simple place – sex and relationships are one of the few things in this world that is an universal experience we all, at one point or another, will experience. However, for something that should be a uniting experience, the topic may cause division and can be a source of shame, anxiety, discomfort and pain.
My motivation to become involved with the world of sex and relationships counseling came from a simple place – sex and relationships are one of the few things in this world that is an universal experience we all, at one point or another, will experience. However, for something that should be a uniting experience, the topic may cause division and can be a source of shame, anxiety, discomfort and pain.
(859) 605-3114 View (859) 605-3114
Photo of Drew Thompson, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Fort Mitchell, KY
Drew Thompson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, LISW
Verified
Fort Mitchell, KY 41017
Drew Thompson is a licensed independent social worker with many years of experience assisting clients through talk therapy. He received his master's degree from Northern Kentucky University and his bachelor's degree from Kent State University. While at Northern Kentucky University, he participated in the CAT program where he gained valuable training in providing trauma informed care. He provides both individual and couples therapy.
Drew Thompson is a licensed independent social worker with many years of experience assisting clients through talk therapy. He received his master's degree from Northern Kentucky University and his bachelor's degree from Kent State University. While at Northern Kentucky University, he participated in the CAT program where he gained valuable training in providing trauma informed care. He provides both individual and couples therapy.
(513) 540-4713 View (513) 540-4713
Photo of Dan Bates, Counselor in Fort Mitchell, KY
Dan Bates
Counselor, LMHC, LPC, LPCC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Fort Mitchell, KY 41017
Dr. Dan Bates is a Licensed Mental Health Counselor in Kentucky who has been practicing since 2010. He has a Doctor of Philosophy in Counselor Education and Supervision from the University of Cincinnati, a Master of Arts in Ministry and Leadership from Western Seminary, a Master in Clinical Mental Health Counseling from Western Seminary, and a Bachelor of Science in Psychology from Washington State University. In his counseling approach, Dr. Bates works from a cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) model, which focuses on the role of thoughts in psychological problems.
Dr. Dan Bates is a Licensed Mental Health Counselor in Kentucky who has been practicing since 2010. He has a Doctor of Philosophy in Counselor Education and Supervision from the University of Cincinnati, a Master of Arts in Ministry and Leadership from Western Seminary, a Master in Clinical Mental Health Counseling from Western Seminary, and a Bachelor of Science in Psychology from Washington State University. In his counseling approach, Dr. Bates works from a cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) model, which focuses on the role of thoughts in psychological problems.
(859) 251-2564 View (859) 251-2564
Photo of Kathy Lukey, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Fort Mitchell, KY
Kathy Lukey
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, EdD
Verified
Fort Mitchell, KY 41017
Dr. Kathy L. Miller is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker in Kentucky who has been practicing since 1993. She has a B.A. in Counseling and Rehabilitation, a Master's in Social Work, and a Doctorate in Counseling Education. Life can be both joyful, and difficult. Both things can be true. Congratulations on taking the first step in finding a qualified therapist. Dr. Miller can offer you a safe, non-judgmental space to explore the many thoughts, and feelings that brought you here. She has more than 30 years of experience helping her clients explore, develop, and implement ways to live a fun, joy filled life.
Dr. Kathy L. Miller is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker in Kentucky who has been practicing since 1993. She has a B.A. in Counseling and Rehabilitation, a Master's in Social Work, and a Doctorate in Counseling Education. Life can be both joyful, and difficult. Both things can be true. Congratulations on taking the first step in finding a qualified therapist. Dr. Miller can offer you a safe, non-judgmental space to explore the many thoughts, and feelings that brought you here. She has more than 30 years of experience helping her clients explore, develop, and implement ways to live a fun, joy filled life.
(859) 328-2052 View (859) 328-2052
Photo of Lauryn Reckner, Counselor in Fort Mitchell, KY
Lauryn Reckner
Counselor, LPCA
Verified
Fort Mitchell, KY 41011
Immediate availability for EMDR and traditional therapy in person or telehealth! Counseling allows space and time to work towards self acceptance and inner peace. I believe being vulnerable is one of the bravest things we as humans can do. As a licensed counselor who is trained in EMDR, it is my role to create a space that welcomes vulnerability by creating a non-judgemental, safe space where you are met with empathy and support . I use a trauma informed person-centered approach to help you move toward the goals we will create together. I believe you have within you what you need to heal, grow and move toward inner peace!
Immediate availability for EMDR and traditional therapy in person or telehealth! Counseling allows space and time to work towards self acceptance and inner peace. I believe being vulnerable is one of the bravest things we as humans can do. As a licensed counselor who is trained in EMDR, it is my role to create a space that welcomes vulnerability by creating a non-judgemental, safe space where you are met with empathy and support . I use a trauma informed person-centered approach to help you move toward the goals we will create together. I believe you have within you what you need to heal, grow and move toward inner peace!
(859) 927-8712 View (859) 927-8712
Photo of Hannah Russell, Licensed Professional Counselor in Fort Mitchell, KY
Hannah Russell
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPCC
Verified
Fort Mitchell, KY 41011
As someone with life experiences, training, and clinical work in the caring professions for over two decades, I have shared space with many individuals and groups of varying ages, and backgrounds. This allows me to say with certainty that people have an amazing healing capacity inside of them that CAN be accessed! There are so many ways to cope with life’s challenges, and together we can find the ways that work for you! Sex and intimacy are some of our most basic needs in life, and I specialize in finding options to allow more joyfully connected living.
As someone with life experiences, training, and clinical work in the caring professions for over two decades, I have shared space with many individuals and groups of varying ages, and backgrounds. This allows me to say with certainty that people have an amazing healing capacity inside of them that CAN be accessed! There are so many ways to cope with life’s challenges, and together we can find the ways that work for you! Sex and intimacy are some of our most basic needs in life, and I specialize in finding options to allow more joyfully connected living.
(513) 960-7958 View (513) 960-7958
Photo of Sav Shiveley, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Fort Mitchell, KY
Sav Shiveley
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified
Fort Mitchell, KY 41011
As someone who is both non-binary and gay, I understand the unique pressures fellow LGBTQIA+ individuals endure in social, emotional, and occupational domains of functioning.With a lack of adequate social support, navigating sex, relationships, and intimacy as a queer individual can be much more challenging, especially while considering past traumas, internalized homophobia, and other impediments. Whether it is coming to terms with your newfound gender and/or sexual identity, coming out to your family, friends, or the workplace, or coping with dysphoria.
As someone who is both non-binary and gay, I understand the unique pressures fellow LGBTQIA+ individuals endure in social, emotional, and occupational domains of functioning.With a lack of adequate social support, navigating sex, relationships, and intimacy as a queer individual can be much more challenging, especially while considering past traumas, internalized homophobia, and other impediments. Whether it is coming to terms with your newfound gender and/or sexual identity, coming out to your family, friends, or the workplace, or coping with dysphoria.
(513) 643-1382 View (513) 643-1382
Photo of Dr. Julia King, Psychologist in Fort Mitchell, KY
Dr. Julia King
Psychologist, PsyD, MBA, RYT 200
Verified
Fort Mitchell, KY 41017  (Online Only)
Anxiety has hijacked your life. You’re really good at imagining the worst case scenario. Your mind is excellent at anticipating the future, and at replaying things that have already happened. You question whether you are good enough and often feel self-conscious. You overthink everything. And your body buys in to this story – heart racing, shallow breathing, your stomach in knots. All of this worry is overwhelming. It impacts almost every aspect of your life. It prevents you from doing what you want to do, from living the way you want to live. Your life is becoming smaller and smaller … AND YOU’VE HAD ENOUGH.
Anxiety has hijacked your life. You’re really good at imagining the worst case scenario. Your mind is excellent at anticipating the future, and at replaying things that have already happened. You question whether you are good enough and often feel self-conscious. You overthink everything. And your body buys in to this story – heart racing, shallow breathing, your stomach in knots. All of this worry is overwhelming. It impacts almost every aspect of your life. It prevents you from doing what you want to do, from living the way you want to live. Your life is becoming smaller and smaller … AND YOU’VE HAD ENOUGH.
(334) 367-4386 View (334) 367-4386
Photo of Stefani McElheney, Marriage & Family Therapist in Fort Mitchell, KY
Stefani McElheney
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, CSW
Verified
3 Endorsed
Fort Mitchell, KY 41017
Hello and thank you for taking the time to look at my profile. I hope we will begin working together soon. I am a strengths-based, collaborative Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist. I have a Master's Degree in Social Work with a specialization in Marriage and Family Therapy. My ideal client would be an individual (child, adolescent, adult), couple, and/or family, who are motivated and willing to work with me to improve their life functioning in order to achieve their goals of being successful in all life domains.
Hello and thank you for taking the time to look at my profile. I hope we will begin working together soon. I am a strengths-based, collaborative Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist. I have a Master's Degree in Social Work with a specialization in Marriage and Family Therapy. My ideal client would be an individual (child, adolescent, adult), couple, and/or family, who are motivated and willing to work with me to improve their life functioning in order to achieve their goals of being successful in all life domains.
(859) 274-9607 View (859) 274-9607
Photo of Clare Hattemer Plattner, Marriage & Family Therapist in Fort Mitchell, KY
Clare Hattemer Plattner
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, IMFT
Verified
1 Endorsed
Fort Mitchell, KY 41017
Waitlist for new clients
I specialize in helping couples with various relationship concerns. Whether there are long-standing issues or new challenges, it is possible to reach a deeper understanding of yourself and your partner by addressing the problems in couples therapy. My approach includes collaboration with you to develop fresh alternatives to ineffective communication patterns, recognize and honor the best of you and your partner, and help you find your way to relating on a deeper level in your relationship. Your relationship can become the haven you hoped for --- a supportive environment where love and growth take place.
I specialize in helping couples with various relationship concerns. Whether there are long-standing issues or new challenges, it is possible to reach a deeper understanding of yourself and your partner by addressing the problems in couples therapy. My approach includes collaboration with you to develop fresh alternatives to ineffective communication patterns, recognize and honor the best of you and your partner, and help you find your way to relating on a deeper level in your relationship. Your relationship can become the haven you hoped for --- a supportive environment where love and growth take place.
(513) 580-4849 View (513) 580-4849
Photo of Dr. Victoria Havron, Psychologist in Fort Mitchell, KY
Dr. Victoria Havron
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
1 Endorsed
Fort Mitchell, KY 41011
Every child is unique and therefore treatment should be tailored to best meet the needs of both your child and your family. I work with children, teens, and their families who are struggling with learning problems, ADHD, and mood/behavioral concerns. I specialize in psychological testing to help clarify diagnoses, provide treatment recommendations, and assess your child's personal strengths and growth areas. I assess for ADHD, learning disabilities, and mood disorders. I believe in helping individuals discover and utilize their strengths in order to overcome the struggles they may be facing.
Every child is unique and therefore treatment should be tailored to best meet the needs of both your child and your family. I work with children, teens, and their families who are struggling with learning problems, ADHD, and mood/behavioral concerns. I specialize in psychological testing to help clarify diagnoses, provide treatment recommendations, and assess your child's personal strengths and growth areas. I assess for ADHD, learning disabilities, and mood disorders. I believe in helping individuals discover and utilize their strengths in order to overcome the struggles they may be facing.
(859) 910-0988 View (859) 910-0988
Photo of Chandra Dixon, Counselor in Fort Mitchell, KY
Chandra Dixon
Counselor, MEd, LPCC
Verified
4 Endorsed
Fort Mitchell, KY 41017  (Online Only)
Accepting New Clients (at this time): I am a licensed clinical counselor. My counseling approach is warm and empathetic with humor mixed in to help my clients feel safe, supported, and understood. I specialize in adults and adolescents with anxiety, depression, grief, trauma related concerns and gender therapy (I am EMDR trained) . I have been an educator for 27 years and specialize in working with tweens and teens who are having difficulty in school and with relationships. I prefer to work with adolescents and adults.
Accepting New Clients (at this time): I am a licensed clinical counselor. My counseling approach is warm and empathetic with humor mixed in to help my clients feel safe, supported, and understood. I specialize in adults and adolescents with anxiety, depression, grief, trauma related concerns and gender therapy (I am EMDR trained) . I have been an educator for 27 years and specialize in working with tweens and teens who are having difficulty in school and with relationships. I prefer to work with adolescents and adults.
(859) 449-7144 View (859) 449-7144
Photo of Emily Morin, Licensed Professional Counselor Associate in Fort Mitchell, KY
Emily Morin
Licensed Professional Counselor Associate, MA, LPCA
Verified
Fort Mitchell, KY 41017
New openings! We all encounter moments that challenge our understanding of ourselves and the world around us. These experiences often leave us feeling overwhelmed, depressed, anxious, and/or we find ourselves us in avoidance. In your therapeutic journey, we’ll focus on the power of incremental, gentle adjustments. It’s the understanding that small changes in perception, behavior, or self-awareness can catalyze significant transformation. Like the smallest pebble creating ripples across a pond, we’ll explore subtle difference bringing about the most meaningful impact.
New openings! We all encounter moments that challenge our understanding of ourselves and the world around us. These experiences often leave us feeling overwhelmed, depressed, anxious, and/or we find ourselves us in avoidance. In your therapeutic journey, we’ll focus on the power of incremental, gentle adjustments. It’s the understanding that small changes in perception, behavior, or self-awareness can catalyze significant transformation. Like the smallest pebble creating ripples across a pond, we’ll explore subtle difference bringing about the most meaningful impact.
(859) 710-8387 View (859) 710-8387

See more therapy options for Fort Mitchell

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Fort Mitchell, KY

30+

Average cost per session

$125

Therapists in Fort Mitchell, KY who prioritize treating:

97% Anxiety
89% Depression
83% Trauma and PTSD
71% Relationship Issues
60% Coping Skills
51% Self Esteem
51% Stress

Average years in practice

6 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

88% Humana
82% Anthem | Elevance
76% Aetna

How Therapists in Fort Mitchell, KY see their clients

86% In Person and Online
14% Online Only

Gender breakdown

77% Female
23% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Fort Mitchell?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.