Therapists in Johnson County, KS

View cities in Johnson County
Photo of Casey Gum, Counselor in Johnson County, KS
Casey Gum
Counselor, MA, LPC, LMAC, NCC
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
Overland Park, KS 66207
Are you feeling drained and eager for a positive shift? At times, it can be challenging to pinpoint the source of our emotions, leaving us overwhelmed. However, by slowing down and embracing a moment of reflection, we can begin to unravel our stories and uncover the keys to a more fulfilling life. We all crave connection and understanding, yet internal barriers often stand in our way. In therapy, we create a sanctuary where you can explore these barriers in a nurturing environment, fostering new ways of relating to yourself and those around you.
Are you feeling drained and eager for a positive shift? At times, it can be challenging to pinpoint the source of our emotions, leaving us overwhelmed. However, by slowing down and embracing a moment of reflection, we can begin to unravel our stories and uncover the keys to a more fulfilling life. We all crave connection and understanding, yet internal barriers often stand in our way. In therapy, we create a sanctuary where you can explore these barriers in a nurturing environment, fostering new ways of relating to yourself and those around you.
(913) 382-8357 View (913) 382-8357
Photo of Nora Mental Health Kansas City , Marriage & Family Therapist in Johnson County, KS
Nora Mental Health Kansas City
Marriage & Family Therapist, LPC
Verified Verified
Overland Park, KS 66212
Making the decision to come to therapy can be overwhelming and scary, however it can also be one the best decisions you make for yourself. At Nora Mental Health, we approach patients with the understanding that this step can be uncomfortable. We provide a warm, empathetic, and open environment for you to feel comfortable and begin your healing work. We have clinicians that have extensive experience in working with all age groups from adolescents to adults, families, and couples.
Making the decision to come to therapy can be overwhelming and scary, however it can also be one the best decisions you make for yourself. At Nora Mental Health, we approach patients with the understanding that this step can be uncomfortable. We provide a warm, empathetic, and open environment for you to feel comfortable and begin your healing work. We have clinicians that have extensive experience in working with all age groups from adolescents to adults, families, and couples.
(913) 380-1542 View (913) 380-1542
Photo of Jillian W Wasson, Psychologist in Johnson County, KS
Jillian W Wasson
Psychologist, PhD, LP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Overland Park, KS 66210
I believe change is constant and inevitable – how we adapt, cope, and manage these changes has a profound impact on our mental health as well as our relationships. Sometimes people need help changing their own thoughts and behaviors and sometimes people need help coping with circumstance outside their control. Positive change can be a difficult process that takes intention, purpose, and support. One of the most important benefits of therapy is that its effects are long-lasting. You’re not only working through current concerns, but you’re also learning and practicing new tools to help you deal with future concerns.
I believe change is constant and inevitable – how we adapt, cope, and manage these changes has a profound impact on our mental health as well as our relationships. Sometimes people need help changing their own thoughts and behaviors and sometimes people need help coping with circumstance outside their control. Positive change can be a difficult process that takes intention, purpose, and support. One of the most important benefits of therapy is that its effects are long-lasting. You’re not only working through current concerns, but you’re also learning and practicing new tools to help you deal with future concerns.
(913) 393-9251 View (913) 393-9251
Photo of Dr. Becky Hunter, Psychologist in Johnson County, KS
Dr. Becky Hunter
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Overland Park, KS 66210
Making the decision to start therapy is not easy, and finding the right therapist can feel nearly impossible. I tell my clients that no one should be in therapy forever; rather, therapy provides an opportunity to process your experiences and learn strategies to keep moving forward as you ride the roller coaster of life. I value the implementation of therapeutic techniques supported by research while providing a nonjudgmental, supportive, strengths-based approach.
Making the decision to start therapy is not easy, and finding the right therapist can feel nearly impossible. I tell my clients that no one should be in therapy forever; rather, therapy provides an opportunity to process your experiences and learn strategies to keep moving forward as you ride the roller coaster of life. I value the implementation of therapeutic techniques supported by research while providing a nonjudgmental, supportive, strengths-based approach.
(913) 386-6015 View (913) 386-6015
Photo of Dawn Stillinger, Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor in Johnson County, KS
Dawn Stillinger
Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor, MS, LCPC/KS, LPC/MO, RPT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Overland Park, KS 66202
Waitlist for new clients
I currently have a 2-3 week wait to schedule an appointment. I am a creative and caring professional holding a master in counseling psychology degree and a certificate in child and adolescent counseling. With a holistic and trauma-informed approach, I treat the whole person with special emphasis on the effects of trauma. I enjoy working with children, adolescents and adults. With my previous work in the private sector and art community, I am uniquely qualified to assist individuals with creative challenges or career transitions and concerns.
I currently have a 2-3 week wait to schedule an appointment. I am a creative and caring professional holding a master in counseling psychology degree and a certificate in child and adolescent counseling. With a holistic and trauma-informed approach, I treat the whole person with special emphasis on the effects of trauma. I enjoy working with children, adolescents and adults. With my previous work in the private sector and art community, I am uniquely qualified to assist individuals with creative challenges or career transitions and concerns.
(913) 728-4016 View (913) 728-4016
Photo of Cathy Linde, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Johnson County, KS
Cathy Linde
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, LSCSW
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Leawood, KS 66209
Are you struggling to feel like yourself? "Coping" but with lots of effort, distraction, or numbing? Feeling anxious, angry, overwhelmed? Thinking "What's wrong with me?!" As it turns out, you're not crazy or broken: Your thoughts, feelings, and behaviors make sense as responses to your unique life experiences. With me you will learn a new language to talk about what's happening inside, and to see it as a result of what you've been through vs a character flaw. When "broken" is no longer your identity, your symptoms have less power, and space opens up for your authentic, grounded, compassionate, and boundaried self to emerge.
Are you struggling to feel like yourself? "Coping" but with lots of effort, distraction, or numbing? Feeling anxious, angry, overwhelmed? Thinking "What's wrong with me?!" As it turns out, you're not crazy or broken: Your thoughts, feelings, and behaviors make sense as responses to your unique life experiences. With me you will learn a new language to talk about what's happening inside, and to see it as a result of what you've been through vs a character flaw. When "broken" is no longer your identity, your symptoms have less power, and space opens up for your authentic, grounded, compassionate, and boundaried self to emerge.
(913) 214-8563 View (913) 214-8563
Photo of William David Wilson, Counselor in Johnson County, KS
William David Wilson
Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Olathe, KS 66061  (Online Only)
Do you find yourself exhausted and tired of feeling sick and tired? Do you find yourself thankful merely to make it through another day? As a therapist who attends therapy, I not only can help you get through your slumps and ruts, but I can also relate and empathize with you as I, too, have been there. I am William D. Wilson, and I am dedicated to helping individuals enhance their well-being and improve their mental health. I am committed to meeting my clients where they are, devoted to walking alongside them, and passionate about helping them find their way forward to the place where they can thrive and grow.
Do you find yourself exhausted and tired of feeling sick and tired? Do you find yourself thankful merely to make it through another day? As a therapist who attends therapy, I not only can help you get through your slumps and ruts, but I can also relate and empathize with you as I, too, have been there. I am William D. Wilson, and I am dedicated to helping individuals enhance their well-being and improve their mental health. I am committed to meeting my clients where they are, devoted to walking alongside them, and passionate about helping them find their way forward to the place where they can thrive and grow.
(913) 349-6720 View (913) 349-6720
Photo of Sydney Heustis, Licensed Professional Counselor in Johnson County, KS
Sydney Heustis
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, PLPC, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Leawood, KS 66211
During times of change or stress, you are left feeling isolated, uncertain, and even fearful. You may be experiencing symptoms of anxiety, depression, or overwhelmed by grief. Whatever you may be experiencing, I prioritize providing a compassionate, warm, and safe environment for you to process these intense feelings and experiences. I also have specialized training for working with women during their fertility journey, motherhood, and pregnancy/infant loss.
During times of change or stress, you are left feeling isolated, uncertain, and even fearful. You may be experiencing symptoms of anxiety, depression, or overwhelmed by grief. Whatever you may be experiencing, I prioritize providing a compassionate, warm, and safe environment for you to process these intense feelings and experiences. I also have specialized training for working with women during their fertility journey, motherhood, and pregnancy/infant loss.
(913) 382-6296 View (913) 382-6296
Photo of Dan Livingston, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Johnson County, KS
Dan Livingston
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LSCSW
Verified Verified
Overland Park, KS 66211
I have worked in the mental health field for over 20 years providing support to adults and adolescents. I believe that each individual is the expert in their own growth, change or recovery and I am here to assist in this journey. I have extensive experience working with veterans and also provide couples counseling.
I have worked in the mental health field for over 20 years providing support to adults and adolescents. I believe that each individual is the expert in their own growth, change or recovery and I am here to assist in this journey. I have extensive experience working with veterans and also provide couples counseling.
(913) 543-4147 View (913) 543-4147
Photo of Michelle Hoskins, Licensed Professional Counselor in Johnson County, KS
Michelle Hoskins
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LCPC
Verified Verified
Overland Park, KS 66213  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
My name is Michelle Hoskins and I am a licensed clinical professional counselor in the state of Kansas. I have been working as a therapist since 2014. In this time I have gained experience in various levels of care including inpatient, PHP, IOP and outpatient. I have learned that as humans, we are amazing and resilient. We struggle from time to time with big things and little and at the end of the day all of our struggles bring meaning and purpose to our lives. We deserve the opportunity to be listened to and feel validated in our struggles and know that someone cares and is willing to walk through these challenges with us.
My name is Michelle Hoskins and I am a licensed clinical professional counselor in the state of Kansas. I have been working as a therapist since 2014. In this time I have gained experience in various levels of care including inpatient, PHP, IOP and outpatient. I have learned that as humans, we are amazing and resilient. We struggle from time to time with big things and little and at the end of the day all of our struggles bring meaning and purpose to our lives. We deserve the opportunity to be listened to and feel validated in our struggles and know that someone cares and is willing to walk through these challenges with us.
(913) 347-5625 View (913) 347-5625
Photo of Emily Potter, Marriage & Family Therapist in Johnson County, KS
Emily Potter
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LCMFT, LLC
Verified Verified
Overland Park, KS 66209
Are you seeking change in your life? Do you desire something different for yourself and would like help on that journey? If so, I would be honored to hear from you! I love what I do and I strive to offer a comfortable, compassionate and welcoming atmosphere for my clients as we work together to create change.
Are you seeking change in your life? Do you desire something different for yourself and would like help on that journey? If so, I would be honored to hear from you! I love what I do and I strive to offer a comfortable, compassionate and welcoming atmosphere for my clients as we work together to create change.
(913) 859-9993 View (913) 859-9993
Photo of Christine F Presley, Marriage & Family Therapist in Johnson County, KS
Christine F Presley
Marriage & Family Therapist, LCMFT, CPTT, CSAT, EMDR
Verified Verified
Lenexa, KS 66215
YOU ARE NOT CRAZY. Although your story is unique, research has proven that Partners/Spouses of Infidelity or Compulsive Sexual Behaviors experience broken trust and you're likely experiencing symptoms of PTSD (intrusive thoughts, avoidance of people/places, mood dysregulation, etc). Combined with the discovery or disclosure of the betrayal, the associated behaviors of gaslighting (lies & blame) will lead to feelings of incongruence within your body and mind which can make you feel like you are going crazy. You are not alone, and you are not crazy. There is hope. Hope for healing, restoration, empowerment, and non-victim living.
YOU ARE NOT CRAZY. Although your story is unique, research has proven that Partners/Spouses of Infidelity or Compulsive Sexual Behaviors experience broken trust and you're likely experiencing symptoms of PTSD (intrusive thoughts, avoidance of people/places, mood dysregulation, etc). Combined with the discovery or disclosure of the betrayal, the associated behaviors of gaslighting (lies & blame) will lead to feelings of incongruence within your body and mind which can make you feel like you are going crazy. You are not alone, and you are not crazy. There is hope. Hope for healing, restoration, empowerment, and non-victim living.
(913) 320-0794 View (913) 320-0794
Photo of Tracy Hadel, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Johnson County, KS
Tracy Hadel
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LSCSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
Overland Park, KS 66213
Waitlist for new clients
I have been counselor for over 25 years, and enjoy working with a diverse group of people. I am eclectic, welcoming with all forms of spirituality and lifestyles. I work with adults, adolescents, and children, and am certified in EMDR, Meditation/mindfulness, and CBT. I have additional specializations in Addictions and ASD, and am trained in The Listening Program (www.advancedbrain.com). I enjoy helping people recover from anxiety, depression, social issues, gender identity issues and addictions ( and spiritual issues). I believe in the power of therapy and positive guidance. Please visit my website for further details.
I have been counselor for over 25 years, and enjoy working with a diverse group of people. I am eclectic, welcoming with all forms of spirituality and lifestyles. I work with adults, adolescents, and children, and am certified in EMDR, Meditation/mindfulness, and CBT. I have additional specializations in Addictions and ASD, and am trained in The Listening Program (www.advancedbrain.com). I enjoy helping people recover from anxiety, depression, social issues, gender identity issues and addictions ( and spiritual issues). I believe in the power of therapy and positive guidance. Please visit my website for further details.
(913) 937-0723 View (913) 937-0723
Photo of Isabella Tambone, Licensed Professional Counselor in Johnson County, KS
Isabella Tambone
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
I am here to be a compassionate, non-judgmental witness to any human that needs one. I believe a strong, collaborative relationship between client and therapist is important to helping you grow and heal. I am certified in Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and EMDR trained. I have experience working with children, adolescents and adults, with an emphasis on trauma-work and sexual assault. I have experience working with couples, families, and individuals. I am also mindful of my clients’ intersectional and multicultural identities and how that may influence our work together. Reach out to schedule a free 15 minute consult!
I am here to be a compassionate, non-judgmental witness to any human that needs one. I believe a strong, collaborative relationship between client and therapist is important to helping you grow and heal. I am certified in Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and EMDR trained. I have experience working with children, adolescents and adults, with an emphasis on trauma-work and sexual assault. I have experience working with couples, families, and individuals. I am also mindful of my clients’ intersectional and multicultural identities and how that may influence our work together. Reach out to schedule a free 15 minute consult!
(913) 382-8874 View (913) 382-8874
Photo of Sophie Halma, LPC Intern in Johnson County, KS
Sophie Halma
LPC Intern
Verified Verified
Overland Park, KS 66206
I use humor and creativity to create an atmosphere where people feel safe to be themselves and talk openly about their lives. My approach involves building a strong connection with clients and meeting them exactly where they are. We then collaborate to determine their own goals so that I can custom-tailor a treatment plan and support them on their journey toward change. My clinical approach utilizes interventions from DBT, ACT, narrative therapy, and Internal Family Systems. I also use techniques from the Gottman method for couples with tangible tools to strengthen relationships, manage conflict, and cultivate shared dreams.
I use humor and creativity to create an atmosphere where people feel safe to be themselves and talk openly about their lives. My approach involves building a strong connection with clients and meeting them exactly where they are. We then collaborate to determine their own goals so that I can custom-tailor a treatment plan and support them on their journey toward change. My clinical approach utilizes interventions from DBT, ACT, narrative therapy, and Internal Family Systems. I also use techniques from the Gottman method for couples with tangible tools to strengthen relationships, manage conflict, and cultivate shared dreams.
(913) 372-3746 View (913) 372-3746
Photo of Matthew P Brandmeyer, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Johnson County, KS
Matthew P Brandmeyer
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LSCSW, LMAC, SEP
Verified Verified
Overland Park, KS 66202
Not accepting new clients
Structured Support, LLC is a therapeutic practice specializing in helping individuals, families, couples, and organizations optimize mental health and well-being. The practice leans on a theoretical framework that combines social ecology, and neuroscience to understand environmental and physiologic factors that influence our mental health and intimate relationships.
Structured Support, LLC is a therapeutic practice specializing in helping individuals, families, couples, and organizations optimize mental health and well-being. The practice leans on a theoretical framework that combines social ecology, and neuroscience to understand environmental and physiologic factors that influence our mental health and intimate relationships.
(913) 828-2090 View (913) 828-2090
Photo of The Layne Project, Inc , Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Johnson County, KS
The Layne Project, Inc
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LSCSW
Verified Verified
Olathe, KS 66061
The Layne Project specializes in court-involved therapy - the psychotherapeutic treatment for a child, parent or family who is, at any time during treatment, involved with the legal system.
The Layne Project specializes in court-involved therapy - the psychotherapeutic treatment for a child, parent or family who is, at any time during treatment, involved with the legal system.
(913) 733-0807 x100 View (913) 733-0807 x100
Photo of Maureen Gowen, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Johnson County, KS
Maureen Gowen
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW, LMAC
Verified Verified
Overland Park, KS 66210
I believe every human being is beautifully unique, resilient, and capable of tremendous growth, change and enlightenment. Are you struggling with PTSD, addiction, infidelity, divorce, depression, low self-esteem, anxiety, self-harming thoughts or behaviors? Are you ready to elevate your performance in sports, creative ventures, business, or life? I utilize both Brainspotting (TM) and Accelerated Resolution Therapy (A.R.T.) to combat addiction, PTSD, emotional disturbance, and performance anxiety to remove the personal roadblocks which may be holding you back.
I believe every human being is beautifully unique, resilient, and capable of tremendous growth, change and enlightenment. Are you struggling with PTSD, addiction, infidelity, divorce, depression, low self-esteem, anxiety, self-harming thoughts or behaviors? Are you ready to elevate your performance in sports, creative ventures, business, or life? I utilize both Brainspotting (TM) and Accelerated Resolution Therapy (A.R.T.) to combat addiction, PTSD, emotional disturbance, and performance anxiety to remove the personal roadblocks which may be holding you back.
(913) 423-3143 View (913) 423-3143
Photo of Naomi Cataudella, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Johnson County, KS
Naomi Cataudella
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LSCSW
Verified Verified
Leawood, KS 66211
Naomi specializes in assisting families in the family court system to rebuild relationships and take child focused co-parenting approaches. Naomi’s background includes work with individuals who have experienced trauma inclusive of Veterans and those who are involved in intimate partner violence. She spent years providing therapeutic services for bereaved individuals and assisting them in the grieving process and rebuilding their lives. Naomi also worked in correctional mental health and served individuals with substance abuse issues and severe and persistent mental health challenges.
Naomi specializes in assisting families in the family court system to rebuild relationships and take child focused co-parenting approaches. Naomi’s background includes work with individuals who have experienced trauma inclusive of Veterans and those who are involved in intimate partner violence. She spent years providing therapeutic services for bereaved individuals and assisting them in the grieving process and rebuilding their lives. Naomi also worked in correctional mental health and served individuals with substance abuse issues and severe and persistent mental health challenges.
(913) 386-6828 View (913) 386-6828
Photo of Catie Herst, Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor in Johnson County, KS
Catie Herst
Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor, LPC, LCPC
Verified Verified
My blended background in Psychology and Education has enhanced my passion & desire to help children, adolescents, adults & families achieve healthy functioning in all areas of their lives. I believe the promotion of child wellness & growth is built upon the foundation of familial support and the development of a strong sense of self. My therapeutic style focuses on identifying patterns of behavior, helping to establish and develop supportive relationships, reducing symptoms of anxiety/distress & promoting healthy self-esteem. I develop interventions to meet the specific needs and goals of each client and family.
My blended background in Psychology and Education has enhanced my passion & desire to help children, adolescents, adults & families achieve healthy functioning in all areas of their lives. I believe the promotion of child wellness & growth is built upon the foundation of familial support and the development of a strong sense of self. My therapeutic style focuses on identifying patterns of behavior, helping to establish and develop supportive relationships, reducing symptoms of anxiety/distress & promoting healthy self-esteem. I develop interventions to meet the specific needs and goals of each client and family.
(913) 728-4486 View (913) 728-4486

See more therapy options for Johnson County

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Johnson County, KS

1,000+

Average cost per session

$130

Therapists in Johnson County, KS who prioritize treating:

92% Anxiety
88% Depression
77% Relationship Issues
76% Self Esteem
70% Trauma and PTSD
69% Stress
68% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

55% Aetna
55% BlueCross and BlueShield
54% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in Johnson County, KS see their clients

84% In Person and Online
16% Online Only

Gender breakdown

78% Female
21% Male
1% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Johnson County?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.