Tae J Oh
Counselor, QMHP-A, QMHP-C, LGPC Verified
Fairfax, VA 22031
Offers online therapy
Specifically, I use holistic and integrative techniques based on each client’s unique personality and needs.
As a Qualified Mental Health Professional (QMHP) in VA and a Licensed Graduate Professional Counselor (LGPC) in MD, I have experience working with individuals struggling with depression, anxiety disorders, mood disorders, self-esteem, Christian/spiritual issues, coping skills, and perfectionism. I also specialize in helping individuals work through difficult life transitions such as divorce, relationship issues, career changes, grieving a loved one, and other life complications. Not only do I focus on the individuals themselves but also their marriages and family system.
(571) 749-2254
Verified
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Fairfax, VA 22031
Offers online therapy
Specifically, I use holistic and integrative techniques based on each client’s unique personality and needs.
As a Qualified Mental Health Professional (QMHP) in VA and a Licensed Graduate Professional Counselor (LGPC) in MD, I have experience working with individuals struggling with depression, anxiety disorders, mood disorders, self-esteem, Christian/spiritual issues, coping skills, and perfectionism. I also specialize in helping individuals work through difficult life transitions such as divorce, relationship issues, career changes, grieving a loved one, and other life complications. Not only do I focus on the individuals themselves but also their marriages and family system.
Photo of Wendy Velazco-Weiss, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Wendy Velazco-Weiss
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, LCSW-C Verified
Fairfax, VA 22030
Offers online therapy
I use an individualized and person-centered approach that includes Cognitive Behavioral (CBT), Eye Movement Desensitization Reprocessing (EMDR), Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT) and mindfulness based techniques to work from an integrative and holistic approach to resolve the effects of trauma, grief, loss, depression and anxiety.
In our lives, we are all survivors of something--our childhood, breakups, families, losses, careers and other experiences. Therapy is an excellent way to rewrite our stories, and reconnect with our authentic selves in a liberating and transforming way. I can help you explore and heal past traumas that are currently keeping you stuck. I will help guide you away from those shameful and self-critical voices toward developing greater self-awareness, hope, confidence and contentment which can empower you to foster a better relationship with yourself and others.
(571) 234-5807
Verified
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Fairfax, VA 22030
Offers online therapy
I use an individualized and person-centered approach that includes Cognitive Behavioral (CBT), Eye Movement Desensitization Reprocessing (EMDR), Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT) and mindfulness based techniques to work from an integrative and holistic approach to resolve the effects of trauma, grief, loss, depression and anxiety.
In our lives, we are all survivors of something--our childhood, breakups, families, losses, careers and other experiences. Therapy is an excellent way to rewrite our stories, and reconnect with our authentic selves in a liberating and transforming way. I can help you explore and heal past traumas that are currently keeping you stuck. I will help guide you away from those shameful and self-critical voices toward developing greater self-awareness, hope, confidence and contentment which can empower you to foster a better relationship with yourself and others.
Photo of Excelsior Addiction Services LLC, Drug & Alcohol Counselor
Excelsior Addiction Services LLC
Drug & Alcohol Counselor, CSAC, CTP Verified
Fairfax, VA 22030
Offers online therapy
I use an integrative approach and am of the philosophy that there are no hopeless cases.
As a Certified Substance Abuse Counselor with an extensive background with the 12 Step model of Recovery, I offer my clients the opportunity to work through the 12 Steps with a Counselor, implementing Dr. Rosemary Brown’s method known for her 4th Step algorithm. As a Certified Trauma Professional, I believe in trauma-informed care in treating substance use disorders. Overall, my counseling style can be described as Humanistic and Mindfulness-Based with a proclivity for Experiential.
(571) 339-5145
Verified
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Fairfax, VA 22030
Offers online therapy
I use an integrative approach and am of the philosophy that there are no hopeless cases.
As a Certified Substance Abuse Counselor with an extensive background with the 12 Step model of Recovery, I offer my clients the opportunity to work through the 12 Steps with a Counselor, implementing Dr. Rosemary Brown’s method known for her 4th Step algorithm. As a Certified Trauma Professional, I believe in trauma-informed care in treating substance use disorders. Overall, my counseling style can be described as Humanistic and Mindfulness-Based with a proclivity for Experiential.
Photo of Nabila Hassan, Licensed Professional Counselor
Nabila Hassan
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, NCC, CAADC Verified
Fairfax, VA 22030
Not accepting new clients
I bring an integrative and strength-based approach to counseling.
Anxious about current or past events, uncertainties and the unknown? Feeling like you have no control? Experiencing disconnected, shame/guilt, powerlessness or helplessness? Is fear causing you to feel stuck? Those overwhelming painful memories and thoughts seems to keep you up at night? Does it feel like abandonment, rejection or disappointments comes up too frequently? Do you have history of childhood adversity, neglect or abuse? Have you experienced traumatic events and loss? I maybe able to help you with increasing coping skills and understanding the root cause of your patterns, experiences for regain control and stability.
(703) 879-6964
Verified
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Fairfax, VA 22030
Not accepting new clients
I bring an integrative and strength-based approach to counseling.
Anxious about current or past events, uncertainties and the unknown? Feeling like you have no control? Experiencing disconnected, shame/guilt, powerlessness or helplessness? Is fear causing you to feel stuck? Those overwhelming painful memories and thoughts seems to keep you up at night? Does it feel like abandonment, rejection or disappointments comes up too frequently? Do you have history of childhood adversity, neglect or abuse? Have you experienced traumatic events and loss? I maybe able to help you with increasing coping skills and understanding the root cause of your patterns, experiences for regain control and stability.
Photo of Ronnie Zuessman, Psychologist
Ronnie Zuessman
Psychologist, PhD, LCP, LMFT Verified
Fairfax, VA 22030
Offers online therapy
As a psychologist and psychotherapist, I have an integrative theoretical orientation, grounded in existential and humanistic psychology, drawing from psychodynamic, systemic, and cognitive-behavioral therapy approaches.
People often seek counseling or psychotherapy to change and to resolve difficulties or problems. Seeking consultation is personal and it takes some courage to initiate contact. Sometimes the impetus comes from within; sometimes your circumstances or others close to you provide a nudge. Finding the 'right' therapist for you may take some exploration. Some people simply seek to talk privately about a subject or an issue. This may involve one's direction in life, career, management role, or decision-making. Some people seek to address deeply personal thoughts, emotions, behaviors, relationships, spirituality, or other concerns.
(347) 848-1829
Verified
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Fairfax, VA 22030
Offers online therapy
As a psychologist and psychotherapist, I have an integrative theoretical orientation, grounded in existential and humanistic psychology, drawing from psychodynamic, systemic, and cognitive-behavioral therapy approaches.
People often seek counseling or psychotherapy to change and to resolve difficulties or problems. Seeking consultation is personal and it takes some courage to initiate contact. Sometimes the impetus comes from within; sometimes your circumstances or others close to you provide a nudge. Finding the 'right' therapist for you may take some exploration. Some people simply seek to talk privately about a subject or an issue. This may involve one's direction in life, career, management role, or decision-making. Some people seek to address deeply personal thoughts, emotions, behaviors, relationships, spirituality, or other concerns.
Photo of Tamar Ares, Licensed Professional Counselor
Tamar Ares
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC Verified
Fairfax, VA 22030
Offers online therapy
My approach is warm, respectful, and collaborative, and, although I use an integrative approach attuned to your needs, the theories I’m heavily influenced by are psychodynamic therapy, and somatic therapy.
As a therapist I support client’s growth, self-knowing, and self-empowerment. I work with clients dealing with anxiety, depression, history of complex trauma, relationship issues and gender identity exploration. I also work with distressed couples struggling with intimacy and communication. I have an interest in facilitating a more loving relationship within self and between people in relationship.
(703) 782-8662
Verified
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Fairfax, VA 22030
Offers online therapy
My approach is warm, respectful, and collaborative, and, although I use an integrative approach attuned to your needs, the theories I’m heavily influenced by are psychodynamic therapy, and somatic therapy.
As a therapist I support client’s growth, self-knowing, and self-empowerment. I work with clients dealing with anxiety, depression, history of complex trauma, relationship issues and gender identity exploration. I also work with distressed couples struggling with intimacy and communication. I have an interest in facilitating a more loving relationship within self and between people in relationship.
Photo of Chase Yeatman
Chase Yeatman
PhD Verified
Fairfax, VA 22030
I am accepting new clients and am offering video sessions via Zoom or Doxy for clients who are distancing. I am a post-doctoral psychologist that works with a wide range of populations including teens and adults. I provide individually personalized care that is centered in the client's therapeutic goals to offer the best possible outcomes. I specialize in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) but also use an integrative approach to therapy because all of my clients are different and deserve specialized care.
(571) 570-8051
Verified
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Fairfax, VA 22030
I am accepting new clients and am offering video sessions via Zoom or Doxy for clients who are distancing. I am a post-doctoral psychologist that works with a wide range of populations including teens and adults. I provide individually personalized care that is centered in the client's therapeutic goals to offer the best possible outcomes. I specialize in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) but also use an integrative approach to therapy because all of my clients are different and deserve specialized care.
Photo of Shelley L Williams, Psychologist
Shelley L Williams
Psychologist, PsyD Verified
Fairfax, VA 22030
Offers online therapy
I am still accepting new clients and am offering video sessions via Zoom or Doxy for clients who are distancing. I am a clinical psychologist specializing in psychological testing and assessment. My experiences enable me to listen, assess and diagnose a variety of psychological and educational issues. I also provide therapeutic services in which I encourage and support a variety of people. I use an integrative approach to therapy which allows me to tailor overall therapeutic goals as well as target each individual session to meet your needs at that point in time.
(703) 991-2098
Verified
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Fairfax, VA 22030
Offers online therapy
I am still accepting new clients and am offering video sessions via Zoom or Doxy for clients who are distancing. I am a clinical psychologist specializing in psychological testing and assessment. My experiences enable me to listen, assess and diagnose a variety of psychological and educational issues. I also provide therapeutic services in which I encourage and support a variety of people. I use an integrative approach to therapy which allows me to tailor overall therapeutic goals as well as target each individual session to meet your needs at that point in time.
Jackie Sargent
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, ATR-BC, LCPAT Verified
Fairfax, VA 22030
Offers online therapy
At Renew, we are a team of dedicated and compassionate therapists that believe in a holistic, collaborative, and integrative approach to therapy.
Sometimes in life we find ourselves at a loss for words. We feel frozen and unable to remove the burden and weight of loss or pain. In moments like this, it may be difficult to ask for help. But you are here because you are ready to take a step towards a better life, and I am ready to walk beside you and honor the journey you are on. My name is Jackie, and I am an art therapist, counselor and the owner of Renew- a small group practice in Fairfax VA. I specialize in women's issues, life transitions, chronic illnesses, anxiety and depression. I also have a special interest in serving other clinicians on their road to self-discovery.
(571) 470-5219
Verified
View

Fairfax, VA 22030
Offers online therapy
At Renew, we are a team of dedicated and compassionate therapists that believe in a holistic, collaborative, and integrative approach to therapy.
Sometimes in life we find ourselves at a loss for words. We feel frozen and unable to remove the burden and weight of loss or pain. In moments like this, it may be difficult to ask for help. But you are here because you are ready to take a step towards a better life, and I am ready to walk beside you and honor the journey you are on. My name is Jackie, and I am an art therapist, counselor and the owner of Renew- a small group practice in Fairfax VA. I specialize in women's issues, life transitions, chronic illnesses, anxiety and depression. I also have a special interest in serving other clinicians on their road to self-discovery.
Jennifer Semaan
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, MA, EdS Verified
Fairfax, VA 22030
Not accepting new clients
I utilize a trauma-informed Integrative Approach to treatment, by deriving techniques from Person-Centered therapy, Internal Family Systems, and CBT.
Our mental health is so vital, but we often put it on the back burner to take care of "more important things". I am so glad you're here, which tells me that you are starting to consider prioritizing your mental health and emotional wellbeing. Sometimes, we try to "keep it all together" in order to focus on other things in our life, such as work, school, family, and relationships, without really realizing that our symptoms bleed into every single area of our life. When that happens, it can feel like our sadness, anxiety, anger, flashbacks, or whatever else, is affecting our ability to function normally and live a fulfilling life.
(703) 783-2617
Verified
View

Fairfax, VA 22030
Not accepting new clients
I utilize a trauma-informed Integrative Approach to treatment, by deriving techniques from Person-Centered therapy, Internal Family Systems, and CBT.
Our mental health is so vital, but we often put it on the back burner to take care of "more important things". I am so glad you're here, which tells me that you are starting to consider prioritizing your mental health and emotional wellbeing. Sometimes, we try to "keep it all together" in order to focus on other things in our life, such as work, school, family, and relationships, without really realizing that our symptoms bleed into every single area of our life. When that happens, it can feel like our sadness, anxiety, anger, flashbacks, or whatever else, is affecting our ability to function normally and live a fulfilling life.
Photo of Lynda Yi, Marriage & Family Therapist
Lynda Yi
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT Verified
Fairfax, VA 22030
Offers online therapy
I utilize an integrative approach in therapy, drawing from cognitive behavioral and solution-focused strategies to empower clients and collaborate in overcoming challenges.
Life can be overwhelming and difficult to navigate at times. These challenges can often lead to feelings of hopelessness and anxiousness. Therapy can empower you and provide you with the tools needed to manage your obstacles. I am a licensed Marriage and Family Therapist with over ten years of experience providing counseling to individuals, couples, and families. I value establishing a safe and open counseling environment for clients to feel heard and accepted.
(571) 200-6382
Verified
View

Fairfax, VA 22030
Offers online therapy
I utilize an integrative approach in therapy, drawing from cognitive behavioral and solution-focused strategies to empower clients and collaborate in overcoming challenges.
Life can be overwhelming and difficult to navigate at times. These challenges can often lead to feelings of hopelessness and anxiousness. Therapy can empower you and provide you with the tools needed to manage your obstacles. I am a licensed Marriage and Family Therapist with over ten years of experience providing counseling to individuals, couples, and families. I value establishing a safe and open counseling environment for clients to feel heard and accepted.
MZG Counseling
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW Verified
Fairfax, VA 22030
Offers online therapy
As a licensed clinical social worker and a former personal trainer, I specialize in working with people who are striving to improve both their physical and mental health. I am also certified in integrative medicine for mental health professionals (https://www.mhimi.com). This additional training allows me to support people who are looking for non-pharmaceutical interventions for treating their symptoms.
(571) 601-2586
Verified
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Fairfax, VA 22030
Offers online therapy
As a licensed clinical social worker and a former personal trainer, I specialize in working with people who are striving to improve both their physical and mental health. I am also certified in integrative medicine for mental health professionals (https://www.mhimi.com). This additional training allows me to support people who are looking for non-pharmaceutical interventions for treating their symptoms.
Photo of Jennifer Shore, Psychologist
Jennifer Shore
Psychologist, PsyD Verified
Fairfax, VA 22030
Offers online therapy
I am still accepting new clients and am offering video sessions via Zoom or Doxy for clients who are distancing. I am a licensed clinical psychologist specializing in psychological testing and assessment as well as psychotherapy. I have a wide range of experiences that enable me to listen, assess, and diagnose a variety of psychological and educational issues. I also provide therapeutic services in which I encourage and support a variety of people. I use an integrative approach to therapy which allows me to tailor overall therapeutic goals as well as target each individual session to meet your needs at that point in time.
(703) 498-2547
Verified
View

Fairfax, VA 22030
Offers online therapy
I am still accepting new clients and am offering video sessions via Zoom or Doxy for clients who are distancing. I am a licensed clinical psychologist specializing in psychological testing and assessment as well as psychotherapy. I have a wide range of experiences that enable me to listen, assess, and diagnose a variety of psychological and educational issues. I also provide therapeutic services in which I encourage and support a variety of people. I use an integrative approach to therapy which allows me to tailor overall therapeutic goals as well as target each individual session to meet your needs at that point in time.
Photo of Stephanie Hajduk, Psychologist
Stephanie Hajduk
Psychologist, PsyD Verified
Office is near:
Fairfax, VA 22030
Offers online therapy
A trusting, one-on-one relationship with an empathic therapist can be a safe environment for exploration and nonjudgmental feedback, as well as a powerful agent for healing, growth, and change. I am a licensed clinical psychologist who provides Telehealth psychological services for individuals, couples, and families. I use an integrative approach in therapy, allowing me to tailor treatment needs to each individual rather than to a diagnosis.
(703) 997-8504
Verified
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Office is near:
Fairfax, VA 22030
Offers online therapy
A trusting, one-on-one relationship with an empathic therapist can be a safe environment for exploration and nonjudgmental feedback, as well as a powerful agent for healing, growth, and change. I am a licensed clinical psychologist who provides Telehealth psychological services for individuals, couples, and families. I use an integrative approach in therapy, allowing me to tailor treatment needs to each individual rather than to a diagnosis.
Photo of Clint Brogdon, Licensed Professional Counselor
Clint Brogdon
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC Verified
Office is near:
Fairfax, VA 22030
Offers online therapy
Feel overwhelmed, stressed, anxious, like your world is spinning out of control? Or maybe you just need someone to help you discover your personal road-map to success and teach you the skills necessary to move forward and have the life you've always wanted. My goal as a counselor and coach is to empower my clients to attain their best life possible. I believe in a holistic and integrative approach to mental and emotional health; focusing on my clients mind, body and spirit.
(571) 620-6478
Verified
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Office is near:
Fairfax, VA 22030
Offers online therapy
Feel overwhelmed, stressed, anxious, like your world is spinning out of control? Or maybe you just need someone to help you discover your personal road-map to success and teach you the skills necessary to move forward and have the life you've always wanted. My goal as a counselor and coach is to empower my clients to attain their best life possible. I believe in a holistic and integrative approach to mental and emotional health; focusing on my clients mind, body and spirit.
Photo of Kelly Kit, Psychologist
Kelly Kit
Psychologist, PsyD Verified
Office is near:
Fairfax, VA 22030
Offers online therapy
Dr. Kelly Kit, Psy.D. is a Licensed Clinical Psychologist who specializes in working with adolescents and adults. Since 2010, she has provided individual, group, and family therapy. She practices from a strength's based approach, utilizing insight-based therapy along with cognitive-behavioral techniques to promote growth in clients. Dr. Kit takes an integrative approach to therapy in order to meet each client's needs by using solution-focused, multi-cultural, attachment-based, and client-centered therapies.
(571) 350-3338
Verified
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Office is near:
Fairfax, VA 22030
Offers online therapy
Dr. Kelly Kit, Psy.D. is a Licensed Clinical Psychologist who specializes in working with adolescents and adults. Since 2010, she has provided individual, group, and family therapy. She practices from a strength's based approach, utilizing insight-based therapy along with cognitive-behavioral techniques to promote growth in clients. Dr. Kit takes an integrative approach to therapy in order to meet each client's needs by using solution-focused, multi-cultural, attachment-based, and client-centered therapies.
Photo of Hilary Therit, Licensed Professional Counselor
Hilary Therit
Licensed Professional Counselor, M A, LPC Verified
Office is near:
Fairfax, VA 22031
Offers online therapy
I use an integrative approach, which allows me to use what works best for you.
Finding the right therapist for yourself or your child can often times be daunting. My goal as an experienced Licensed Professional Counselor is to provide you with a safe and trusting environment where you can express yourself authentically and grow. I believe that everyone is capable of change, which is why I am passionate about helping and empowering children, adolescents, and adults. Together we will work to overcome obstacles and challenges that you are currently experiencing or have experienced in the past.
(571) 229-7624
Verified
View

Office is near:
Fairfax, VA 22031
Offers online therapy
I use an integrative approach, which allows me to use what works best for you.
Finding the right therapist for yourself or your child can often times be daunting. My goal as an experienced Licensed Professional Counselor is to provide you with a safe and trusting environment where you can express yourself authentically and grow. I believe that everyone is capable of change, which is why I am passionate about helping and empowering children, adolescents, and adults. Together we will work to overcome obstacles and challenges that you are currently experiencing or have experienced in the past.
Photo of Dawn Gallagher, Licensed Professional Counselor
Dawn Gallagher
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, CCTP Verified
Office is near:
Fairfax, VA 22030
Offers online therapy
CURRENTLY ACCEPTING NEW CLIENTS. Dawn is a Licensed Professional Counselor & Certified Clinical Trauma Professional with over 30 years of helping experience. Dawn is a compassionate, caring, & empathic therapist with extensive experience working within inpatient & outpatient mental health settings. She utilizes an integrative & strength-based approach to therapy, incorporating Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT), Motivational Interviewing, & Solution-Focused Therapy. Dawn specializes in many areas including, anxiety, depression, low self-esteem, trauma, PTSD, women’s issues, & stage of life concerns.
(301) 769-5878
Verified
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Office is near:
Fairfax, VA 22030
Offers online therapy
CURRENTLY ACCEPTING NEW CLIENTS. Dawn is a Licensed Professional Counselor & Certified Clinical Trauma Professional with over 30 years of helping experience. Dawn is a compassionate, caring, & empathic therapist with extensive experience working within inpatient & outpatient mental health settings. She utilizes an integrative & strength-based approach to therapy, incorporating Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT), Motivational Interviewing, & Solution-Focused Therapy. Dawn specializes in many areas including, anxiety, depression, low self-esteem, trauma, PTSD, women’s issues, & stage of life concerns.
Photo of Leslie Hawkins, Psychologist
Leslie Hawkins
Psychologist, PsyD Verified
Office is near:
Fairfax, VA 22030
Offers online therapy
I consider therapy to be a helpful experience that provides relief from current stress while promoting personal growth and empowering individuals to make lasting changes. I provide a warm and supportive environment to foster trust and comfort as clients address life's challenges. Because each person is unique, my approach to therapy is integrative. I am trained in several evidence based therapies, including cognitive-behavioral therapy, acceptance and commitment therapy, dialectical behavior therapy, and mindfulness based approaches. I collaborate with clients to create a treatment plan that best fits their needs.
(757) 267-9482
Verified
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Office is near:
Fairfax, VA 22030
Offers online therapy
I consider therapy to be a helpful experience that provides relief from current stress while promoting personal growth and empowering individuals to make lasting changes. I provide a warm and supportive environment to foster trust and comfort as clients address life's challenges. Because each person is unique, my approach to therapy is integrative. I am trained in several evidence based therapies, including cognitive-behavioral therapy, acceptance and commitment therapy, dialectical behavior therapy, and mindfulness based approaches. I collaborate with clients to create a treatment plan that best fits their needs.
LeslieGrace Craver
Master Social Work, LMSW, MSW, RYT-200 Verified
Office is near:
Fairfax, VA 20151
Offers online therapy
It's a New Year and yet you still feel Stuck.Moving forward often requires a new lens, new tools and a partnership with a professional. Welcome to Healing & Growth! I utilize mind/body/spirit integrative therapies including Compassion Focused therapy, yoga & Reiki to assist individuals, partners&families experiencing life transitions, grief & loss and unhealthy generational patterns.Together we identify and build upon core beliefs and existing strengths. Through the process self-limiting beliefs shift to self-enhancing beliefs.*My professional & personal ethical mandate includes being actively opposed to racism in all its forms.
(703) 775-4612
Verified
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Office is near:
Fairfax, VA 20151
Offers online therapy
It's a New Year and yet you still feel Stuck.Moving forward often requires a new lens, new tools and a partnership with a professional. Welcome to Healing & Growth! I utilize mind/body/spirit integrative therapies including Compassion Focused therapy, yoga & Reiki to assist individuals, partners&families experiencing life transitions, grief & loss and unhealthy generational patterns.Together we identify and build upon core beliefs and existing strengths. Through the process self-limiting beliefs shift to self-enhancing beliefs.*My professional & personal ethical mandate includes being actively opposed to racism in all its forms.

See more therapy options for Fairfax

Integrative Therapists
Integrative therapy in Fairfax refers to therapy in which elements from different types of therapy may be used. Therapists 'integrate' two or more therapeutic styles (e.g. Cognitive and Family Systems) to bring about a personalized and practical approach to healing. These Fairfax integrative Therapy practice an integrative therapy style.

Integrative therapy (with a small 'i') may also refer to the process of 'integrating' the personality by taking disowned or unresolved aspects of the self and making them part of a cohesive personality whole. It reduces the use of defense mechanisms that inhibit spontaneity and allows flexibility in solving emotional problems.