Therapists in Jeffersonville, IN

Photo of Emily Kuprianczyk, Counselor in Jeffersonville, IN
Emily Kuprianczyk
Counselor, MMHC, LMHC
Verified Verified
Jeffersonville, IN 47130
Giving you a safe place without judgment to heal and grow through your emotional pain and sense of disorder in your life and relationships is my mission. Working together, I want to help you to gain clarity, learn to love yourself, feel a sense of safety, control, and empower you to live a meaningful life. In my practice with couples, I will help you and your partner gain the skills to feel understood, connected, and hopeful for the future.
Giving you a safe place without judgment to heal and grow through your emotional pain and sense of disorder in your life and relationships is my mission. Working together, I want to help you to gain clarity, learn to love yourself, feel a sense of safety, control, and empower you to live a meaningful life. In my practice with couples, I will help you and your partner gain the skills to feel understood, connected, and hopeful for the future.
(812) 397-9646 View (812) 397-9646
Photo of Catherine Elaine Losi, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Jeffersonville, IN
Catherine Elaine Losi
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Jeffersonville, IN 47130
Currently taking new patients. Being ready to make changes in your life and finding a therapist you can comfortably work with can be a daunting experience. I appreciate you taking the time to read through the different profiles to help make a choice that fits for you. Whether you are dealing with past trauma, depression, anxiety, relationship issues or something completely different, having someone to walk with and assist you in navigating that journey can make all the difference in the world. I am a Licensed Clinical Social worker with over 20 years experience in the field. I work with children, teens and adults of all ages.
Currently taking new patients. Being ready to make changes in your life and finding a therapist you can comfortably work with can be a daunting experience. I appreciate you taking the time to read through the different profiles to help make a choice that fits for you. Whether you are dealing with past trauma, depression, anxiety, relationship issues or something completely different, having someone to walk with and assist you in navigating that journey can make all the difference in the world. I am a Licensed Clinical Social worker with over 20 years experience in the field. I work with children, teens and adults of all ages.
(812) 732-0981 View (812) 732-0981
Photo of Les Chapman, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Jeffersonville, IN
Les Chapman
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, CADAC, CCTP
Verified Verified
Jeffersonville, IN 47130  (Online Only)
Now accepting Medicaid! Hey! You! You matter! My name is Les and I want to help you with whatever situation you're facing. We all need help once in a while and sometimes, often times, admitting we're in need is the hardest part. If you've made it this far into my profile then you're past the biggest hurdle. Every journey, both the easiest and the hardest, begin with a single step, and you’ve accomplished that step. Let me help you with the rest. I hope to work with you, and do my absolute best!
Now accepting Medicaid! Hey! You! You matter! My name is Les and I want to help you with whatever situation you're facing. We all need help once in a while and sometimes, often times, admitting we're in need is the hardest part. If you've made it this far into my profile then you're past the biggest hurdle. Every journey, both the easiest and the hardest, begin with a single step, and you’ve accomplished that step. Let me help you with the rest. I hope to work with you, and do my absolute best!
(812) 393-3191 View (812) 393-3191
Photo of Swan E Roberts, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Jeffersonville, IN
Swan E Roberts
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, MSW
Verified Verified
Jeffersonville, IN 47130  (Online Only)
My name is Swan Roberts, and I am a licensed therapist, clinical social worker. I have 3 years of therapy experience. Before becoming a therapist, I was in the U.S. army for 2.5 years as a medic, 68w. I decided to become a therapist because I have always enjoyed helping people, and when I was getting out of the army, I had my own therapist to help me through that transition, which inspired me to follow this career path. I look forward to helping you on this healing journey. I have experience utilizing IFS, EMDR, and CBT with clients who struggle with anxiety, depression, bipolar disorder, and addiction issues.
My name is Swan Roberts, and I am a licensed therapist, clinical social worker. I have 3 years of therapy experience. Before becoming a therapist, I was in the U.S. army for 2.5 years as a medic, 68w. I decided to become a therapist because I have always enjoyed helping people, and when I was getting out of the army, I had my own therapist to help me through that transition, which inspired me to follow this career path. I look forward to helping you on this healing journey. I have experience utilizing IFS, EMDR, and CBT with clients who struggle with anxiety, depression, bipolar disorder, and addiction issues.
(812) 615-2361 View (812) 615-2361
Photo of Robin Goben, Marriage & Family Therapist in Jeffersonville, IN
Robin Goben
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Jeffersonville, IN 47130
Accepting new PRIVATE pay clients and couples. You’ve done all of the things. There’s still more you’re wanting. The “usual” hasn’t helped and you’re wanting something to give, to shift, to change. You are ready and that’s what brings you here. It's time to get creative and experience something different. I am eager to help you find that. Clients often report learning useful tools or new perspectives when working with me while other clients say that their issues suddenly improved with our talking and they can’t articulate just how. It is an honor to collaborate with bright individuals and create a more meaningful existence.
Accepting new PRIVATE pay clients and couples. You’ve done all of the things. There’s still more you’re wanting. The “usual” hasn’t helped and you’re wanting something to give, to shift, to change. You are ready and that’s what brings you here. It's time to get creative and experience something different. I am eager to help you find that. Clients often report learning useful tools or new perspectives when working with me while other clients say that their issues suddenly improved with our talking and they can’t articulate just how. It is an honor to collaborate with bright individuals and create a more meaningful existence.
(812) 737-3146 View (812) 737-3146
Photo of Amber Worman, Counselor in Jeffersonville, IN
Amber Worman
Counselor, LPCC
Verified Verified
Jeffersonville, IN 47130
Specializes in treatment with women. Life has many ups and downs which can make it hard to manage. If you find yourself in a season of suffering or hardship, lets talk about healthy ways to help you manage this. If you are struggling with stress, setting limits with work or people, communication with others, anger, resentment, sadness, anxious, trouble focusing, staying on a daily routine, unhealthy habits, life changes, declines in daily functioning due to physical/medical/or mental changes, and lacking coping skills to get you through these times the services offered might be for you.
Specializes in treatment with women. Life has many ups and downs which can make it hard to manage. If you find yourself in a season of suffering or hardship, lets talk about healthy ways to help you manage this. If you are struggling with stress, setting limits with work or people, communication with others, anger, resentment, sadness, anxious, trouble focusing, staying on a daily routine, unhealthy habits, life changes, declines in daily functioning due to physical/medical/or mental changes, and lacking coping skills to get you through these times the services offered might be for you.
(812) 419-2444 View (812) 419-2444
Photo of Scott Kaminsky, Marriage & Family Therapist in Jeffersonville, IN
Scott Kaminsky
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, MDiv, LMFT, LCMFT
Verified Verified
Jeffersonville, IN 47130  (Online Only)
I am a Licensed Marriage & Family Therapist in eight states (Indiana, Kentucky, Kansas, Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina, Florida and Texas). I have 30+ years experience serving as a Marriage & Family Therapist (MFT). I specialize in various types of trauma and grief counseling for those dealing with pain/loss.
I am a Licensed Marriage & Family Therapist in eight states (Indiana, Kentucky, Kansas, Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina, Florida and Texas). I have 30+ years experience serving as a Marriage & Family Therapist (MFT). I specialize in various types of trauma and grief counseling for those dealing with pain/loss.
(812) 289-7069 View (812) 289-7069
Photo of Donna Jean Pryor, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Jeffersonville, IN
Donna Jean Pryor
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Jeffersonville, IN 47130  (Online Only)
I have worked in the clinical social work field for 23+years and like working with others to help them find answers to their problems. Currently I have started my online therapy practice utilizing secure text messaging, and online messaging for those who want to do therapy wherever and whenever they decide with no traveling to and from an office setting or sitting in waiting rooms. I can help with anxiety, depression and relationship issues.
I have worked in the clinical social work field for 23+years and like working with others to help them find answers to their problems. Currently I have started my online therapy practice utilizing secure text messaging, and online messaging for those who want to do therapy wherever and whenever they decide with no traveling to and from an office setting or sitting in waiting rooms. I can help with anxiety, depression and relationship issues.
(812) 998-5352 View (812) 998-5352
Photo of Larry P. Mudd, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Jeffersonville, IN
Larry P. Mudd
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Jeffersonville, IN 47130  (Online Only)
Are the stresses of life getting the better of you? Does it seem like every conversation somehow turns into an argument? I have more than thirty years experience helping individuals, couples, and families solve their problems, reduce conflict, and lead happier, more satisfying lives. I will give you the support you need to face life's challenges and create hope for the future. I can help you quickly reduce conflict, improve your communication, and reconnect with your dreams for loving, satisfying relationships.
Are the stresses of life getting the better of you? Does it seem like every conversation somehow turns into an argument? I have more than thirty years experience helping individuals, couples, and families solve their problems, reduce conflict, and lead happier, more satisfying lives. I will give you the support you need to face life's challenges and create hope for the future. I can help you quickly reduce conflict, improve your communication, and reconnect with your dreams for loving, satisfying relationships.
(812) 220-3688 View (812) 220-3688
Photo of Lindsey New, Marriage & Family Therapist in Jeffersonville, IN
Lindsey New
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Jeffersonville, IN 47130  (Online Only)
What comes to mind when you think about change? If you're already thinking, "This is really difficult!" or "How do I move forward?" or "Why is this happening?", you're already experiencing the attitude shift that makes change possible. I provide down-to-earth therapy by helping individuals, couples, adults, and teens uncover those How and Why responses to improve that relational connection everyone has everyday, in almost every moment of their lives.
What comes to mind when you think about change? If you're already thinking, "This is really difficult!" or "How do I move forward?" or "Why is this happening?", you're already experiencing the attitude shift that makes change possible. I provide down-to-earth therapy by helping individuals, couples, adults, and teens uncover those How and Why responses to improve that relational connection everyone has everyday, in almost every moment of their lives.
(502) 233-4738 View (502) 233-4738
Photo of Annette Miller in Jeffersonville, IN
Annette Miller
MEd
Verified Verified
Jeffersonville, IN 47130  (Online Only)
I work with couples asking themselves questions like, "What's my identity as part of this family unit? Do I want my partnership to look like my parents' did? What do we want our life to look like now and in the future? Do we have the same goals?" I specialize in working with engaged and newlywed couples navigating major questions like these as they make the monumentally thrilling and meaningful commitment of marriage. Career changes and frustrations are another area of specialty in my practice; with work burnout at an all time high, more people need help navigating workplace stress than ever before.
I work with couples asking themselves questions like, "What's my identity as part of this family unit? Do I want my partnership to look like my parents' did? What do we want our life to look like now and in the future? Do we have the same goals?" I specialize in working with engaged and newlywed couples navigating major questions like these as they make the monumentally thrilling and meaningful commitment of marriage. Career changes and frustrations are another area of specialty in my practice; with work burnout at an all time high, more people need help navigating workplace stress than ever before.
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Photo of William H Lafayette Jr., Marriage & Family Therapist in Jeffersonville, IN
William H Lafayette Jr.
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Jeffersonville, IN 47130  (Online Only)
NOTICE: ... I am a Preferred Provider for United/Optum, Anthem, and Cigna, and Aetna. Most insurances accepted. Sessions are easily available by secure phone or computer. 42 years in practice in general mental health care for Individuals, couples, and marital & family therapy. I have worked in a multitude of settings, including hospitals, clinics, and Employee Assistance Programs. I have the skills to work with with Military and their dependents, having been deployed overseas on multiple occasions. Call for your appointment today. All sessions are done by telehealth.
NOTICE: ... I am a Preferred Provider for United/Optum, Anthem, and Cigna, and Aetna. Most insurances accepted. Sessions are easily available by secure phone or computer. 42 years in practice in general mental health care for Individuals, couples, and marital & family therapy. I have worked in a multitude of settings, including hospitals, clinics, and Employee Assistance Programs. I have the skills to work with with Military and their dependents, having been deployed overseas on multiple occasions. Call for your appointment today. All sessions are done by telehealth.
(502) 804-2996 View (502) 804-2996
Photo of Andrea Piazza, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Jeffersonville, IN
Andrea Piazza
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Jeffersonville, IN 47130
I am aware that navigating one's own path can be difficult at times. Sometimes we seem to lose our way, and hopefully I have the flashlight that can help you find your way back. My experience has been in working with adolescents, adults, couples and families. Families are complicated systems as they are made up of individuals with their own personal needs, views and wants. I believe everyone should be treated with dignity and respect.
I am aware that navigating one's own path can be difficult at times. Sometimes we seem to lose our way, and hopefully I have the flashlight that can help you find your way back. My experience has been in working with adolescents, adults, couples and families. Families are complicated systems as they are made up of individuals with their own personal needs, views and wants. I believe everyone should be treated with dignity and respect.
(502) 418-2616 View (502) 418-2616
Photo of Teri Wilder, Counselor in Jeffersonville, IN
Teri Wilder
Counselor, MS, LMHC
Verified Verified
Jeffersonville, IN 47130
I prefer to work with adults and older adolescents struggling with addictions, anxiety, depression, self-esteem, and trauma. I have a vast amount of experience working in the field of trauma. Due to my experience working in community mental health, I also work well with those with intense mental health and substance abuse treatment needs. I have worked both inpatient and outpatient experiences, resulting in my flexibility to help stabilize in a crisis and to work with individuals at any level. A client who desires to accept partnership and engage in being open to change is the most ideal client.
I prefer to work with adults and older adolescents struggling with addictions, anxiety, depression, self-esteem, and trauma. I have a vast amount of experience working in the field of trauma. Due to my experience working in community mental health, I also work well with those with intense mental health and substance abuse treatment needs. I have worked both inpatient and outpatient experiences, resulting in my flexibility to help stabilize in a crisis and to work with individuals at any level. A client who desires to accept partnership and engage in being open to change is the most ideal client.
(812) 505-5569 View (812) 505-5569
Photo of Caitlin Porter, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Jeffersonville, IN
Caitlin Porter
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Jeffersonville, IN 47130
My ideal client is someone who acknowledges a problem exists, even if they don’t quite know what it is. The source of that issue can be discovered and processed through therapy, leaving the client with effective tools and skills to cope with and manage their emotions.
My ideal client is someone who acknowledges a problem exists, even if they don’t quite know what it is. The source of that issue can be discovered and processed through therapy, leaving the client with effective tools and skills to cope with and manage their emotions.
(812) 615-3206 View (812) 615-3206
Photo of Victoria Fox, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Jeffersonville, IN
Victoria Fox
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMHC
Verified Verified
Jeffersonville, IN 47130
My ideal client is someone who feels stuck concerning their relationships, emotions, work, finances, health, or purpose. They are looking for an identity outside of parent or worker. They are feeling depressed and hopeless lately. They are the type that is generally anxious, worried, or on edge. Their goal may be to change their life, but they are not sure how. They may have tried a ton of different self-help, spiritual, or healing modalities on their own but had moments where they have started to think it's never going to happen for them. They need to break free of nonproductive cycles and poor choices to change their lives.
My ideal client is someone who feels stuck concerning their relationships, emotions, work, finances, health, or purpose. They are looking for an identity outside of parent or worker. They are feeling depressed and hopeless lately. They are the type that is generally anxious, worried, or on edge. Their goal may be to change their life, but they are not sure how. They may have tried a ton of different self-help, spiritual, or healing modalities on their own but had moments where they have started to think it's never going to happen for them. They need to break free of nonproductive cycles and poor choices to change their lives.
(812) 458-2135 View (812) 458-2135
Photo of Renee Heldman, Counselor in Jeffersonville, IN
Renee Heldman
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
Jeffersonville, IN 47130
My ideal client would be someone who is geared towards helping themselves and needing guidance on how to do so. Someone who has a grasp on the importance of the client putting in the work to truly help heal themselves but needing assistance ensuring they are doing things in a healthy and emotionally intelligent fashion. Talk therapy is very important for clients who even just want to come and vent, which I believe helps the mind unclutter.
My ideal client would be someone who is geared towards helping themselves and needing guidance on how to do so. Someone who has a grasp on the importance of the client putting in the work to truly help heal themselves but needing assistance ensuring they are doing things in a healthy and emotionally intelligent fashion. Talk therapy is very important for clients who even just want to come and vent, which I believe helps the mind unclutter.
(812) 416-4140 View (812) 416-4140
Photo of Transformation Life Counseling, LLC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Jeffersonville, IN
Transformation Life Counseling, LLC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Jeffersonville, IN 47130
Do you feel like life is overwhelming? Battling negative or intrusive thoughts rehearsing through your mind repeatedly? Dealing with complex relationship issues? Having uncontrollable feelings that cause a negative impact on your life or others around you? Unprocessed grief or loss? Looking for direction? Let me partner with you to navigate through life’s most difficult or challenging moments. We will begin the journey of healing together in a safe and supportive environment to transform your life!
Do you feel like life is overwhelming? Battling negative or intrusive thoughts rehearsing through your mind repeatedly? Dealing with complex relationship issues? Having uncontrollable feelings that cause a negative impact on your life or others around you? Unprocessed grief or loss? Looking for direction? Let me partner with you to navigate through life’s most difficult or challenging moments. We will begin the journey of healing together in a safe and supportive environment to transform your life!
(270) 216-5379 View (270) 216-5379
Photo of Lydia Johnson, Counselor in Jeffersonville, IN
Lydia Johnson
Counselor, MA, LPC, ATR-BC
Verified Verified
Jeffersonville, IN 47130  (Online Only)
Content with life? Hurting from broken relationships? Struggling with trust and intimacy? Wonder why life is so hard? Stressed and overwhelmed? Life swirling out of control? Alone in your struggles? Wondering where is God in all of this mess? I provide mental health coaching & consultation, with a Christian orientation, for those struggling with: God's Love, Knowing Your True Identity, Loving Yourself and Others, Loneliness, Sinful Behaviors, Negative Thoughts, Childhood Wounds, Crisis of Faith, Abuse (Past or Present), Stress & Anxiety, Grief, Loss, & Depression, Major Life Situations, and Life Transitions.
Content with life? Hurting from broken relationships? Struggling with trust and intimacy? Wonder why life is so hard? Stressed and overwhelmed? Life swirling out of control? Alone in your struggles? Wondering where is God in all of this mess? I provide mental health coaching & consultation, with a Christian orientation, for those struggling with: God's Love, Knowing Your True Identity, Loving Yourself and Others, Loneliness, Sinful Behaviors, Negative Thoughts, Childhood Wounds, Crisis of Faith, Abuse (Past or Present), Stress & Anxiety, Grief, Loss, & Depression, Major Life Situations, and Life Transitions.
(414) 441-6754 View (414) 441-6754
Photo of Teri Cardwell, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Jeffersonville, IN
Teri Cardwell
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, ACSW
Verified Verified
Jeffersonville, IN 47130
As a therapist, I am most excited to see clients motivated to explore their unknown strengths, widen their horizons, increase their abilities to make informed decisions and lead a life of meaning as they define it. Everyone I have worked with brings to therapy a foundation upon which to grow. Regardless of the problem, an enhanced sense of self is possible. Instilling hope of something better in life is one of my greatest motivations, and assisting others in achieving their goals drew me to this profession.
As a therapist, I am most excited to see clients motivated to explore their unknown strengths, widen their horizons, increase their abilities to make informed decisions and lead a life of meaning as they define it. Everyone I have worked with brings to therapy a foundation upon which to grow. Regardless of the problem, an enhanced sense of self is possible. Instilling hope of something better in life is one of my greatest motivations, and assisting others in achieving their goals drew me to this profession.
(812) 414-6179 View (812) 414-6179

See more therapy options for Jeffersonville

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Jeffersonville, IN

80+

Average cost per session

$115

Therapists in Jeffersonville, IN who prioritize treating:

96% Anxiety
93% Depression
73% Trauma and PTSD
72% Relationship Issues
65% Coping Skills
64% Family Conflict
61% Grief

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

76% Cigna and Evernorth
76% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
73% Aetna

How Therapists in Jeffersonville, IN see their clients

75% In Person and Online
25% Online Only

Gender breakdown

77% Female
22% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Jeffersonville?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.