Therapists in Greenfield, IN

Photo of Jordan Macklin, Counselor in Greenfield, IN
Jordan Macklin
Counselor, MA, LMHCA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Greenfield, IN 46140
I've worked with individuals who have struggled with trauma, anxiety, depression, life stressors, and self-esteem issues. I believe that we all have the ability to change. We just need the right tools to do so. My goal is to help you identify the areas in your life that prolong these struggles. Then, equip yourself with the lifelong tools that aid you in identifying and overcoming problematic thinking, a rigid belief system that could be holding you back, and understanding your emotions and how they affect everything around you.
I've worked with individuals who have struggled with trauma, anxiety, depression, life stressors, and self-esteem issues. I believe that we all have the ability to change. We just need the right tools to do so. My goal is to help you identify the areas in your life that prolong these struggles. Then, equip yourself with the lifelong tools that aid you in identifying and overcoming problematic thinking, a rigid belief system that could be holding you back, and understanding your emotions and how they affect everything around you.
(317) 666-9825 View (317) 666-9825
Photo of Stephanie Gustin, Pre-Licensed Professional in Greenfield, IN
Stephanie Gustin
Pre-Licensed Professional, MPsych, ABA, CCI
Verified Verified
Greenfield, IN 46140
Waitlist for new clients
Life these days can be hard overwhelming with its everyday stressors and anxiety. Do you struggle with pain from the past and are having a hard time moving forward into the future? Do you have children who are struggling with ADHD/ADD and ODD? Do you need someone to help you sort the spinning thoughts in your mind? Do you struggle with current relationships due to trauma from the past? Do you feel like you are going crazy at times and people just don't understand you? If so, I may be a good fit for you! I work with anyone starting ages 5 and up.
Life these days can be hard overwhelming with its everyday stressors and anxiety. Do you struggle with pain from the past and are having a hard time moving forward into the future? Do you have children who are struggling with ADHD/ADD and ODD? Do you need someone to help you sort the spinning thoughts in your mind? Do you struggle with current relationships due to trauma from the past? Do you feel like you are going crazy at times and people just don't understand you? If so, I may be a good fit for you! I work with anyone starting ages 5 and up.
(317) 597-6512 x2 View (317) 597-6512 x2
Photo of Kellie K Reed in Greenfield, IN
Kellie K Reed
MA, LMHC-A, NCC, EMDR, TFCBT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Greenfield, IN 46140
We all need to explore our fears, insecurities and those places in your life of which you are not proud. My wish is to provide a safe place to allow my clients to explore those vulnerable places and allow healing. I chose to be a therapist to help clients understand that they are valued, and they can accept themselves, flaws and all. Our collaborative efforts will establish a strong therapeutic relationship focusing on goals to create healing. I am transparent in the active healing research-based approach we will use in sessions. I want to empower clients to increase coping skills as well as engage in healthy relationships.
We all need to explore our fears, insecurities and those places in your life of which you are not proud. My wish is to provide a safe place to allow my clients to explore those vulnerable places and allow healing. I chose to be a therapist to help clients understand that they are valued, and they can accept themselves, flaws and all. Our collaborative efforts will establish a strong therapeutic relationship focusing on goals to create healing. I am transparent in the active healing research-based approach we will use in sessions. I want to empower clients to increase coping skills as well as engage in healthy relationships.
(463) 217-4433 View (463) 217-4433
Photo of Kristina M Graber, Marriage & Family Therapist in Greenfield, IN
Kristina M Graber
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
7 Endorsed
Greenfield, IN 46140
Waitlist for new clients
Do you feel lonely in your marriage and wonder how you got here? Are the demands of raising a family wearing you out? Is your child developing behaviors that concern you? Do you feel crushed by shame and worthlessness? Do you feel like you are just going through the motions of life - existing but not really living? Are the worries of life gradually eating away at your ability to function? If you answered yes to any of these questions, then you have made the right choice by seeking professional help.
Do you feel lonely in your marriage and wonder how you got here? Are the demands of raising a family wearing you out? Is your child developing behaviors that concern you? Do you feel crushed by shame and worthlessness? Do you feel like you are just going through the motions of life - existing but not really living? Are the worries of life gradually eating away at your ability to function? If you answered yes to any of these questions, then you have made the right choice by seeking professional help.
(317) 942-3145 x301 View (317) 942-3145 x301
Photo of Wesley Dillon Scott, Pre-Licensed Professional in Greenfield, IN
Wesley Dillon Scott
Pre-Licensed Professional, LMHCA
Verified Verified
Greenfield, IN 46140
I love working with individuals that wish to take action to improve themselves. Regardless of their mental health concerns or the catalyst that led to change. If you are feeling lost or unsure where to go, having a guide can help with that. If you are feeling anxious, worried, or feel as though you need to do some general processing, you don’t have to do it alone. Once we work through whatever is holding you down, you may be surprised with how free you will feel.
I love working with individuals that wish to take action to improve themselves. Regardless of their mental health concerns or the catalyst that led to change. If you are feeling lost or unsure where to go, having a guide can help with that. If you are feeling anxious, worried, or feel as though you need to do some general processing, you don’t have to do it alone. Once we work through whatever is holding you down, you may be surprised with how free you will feel.
(463) 724-2290 View (463) 724-2290
Photo of Anya Polito, Counselor in Greenfield, IN
Anya Polito
Counselor, MA
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Greenfield, IN 46140
I value a collaborative approach to therapy, where we work together to set goals that work for you. Maybe you’re seeking support for a diagnosis such as anxiety, depression, or OCD. You might struggle with a history of invalidation, or other interpersonal concerns. Maybe you struggle with executive dysfunction, and are having trouble turning your motivation into action, or maybe you need help building that motivation. Maybe you aren’t quite sure yet what you want to work on in therapy. No matter what brings you in, your story is unique, and I am dedicated to tailoring your therapy experience to your unique situation.
I value a collaborative approach to therapy, where we work together to set goals that work for you. Maybe you’re seeking support for a diagnosis such as anxiety, depression, or OCD. You might struggle with a history of invalidation, or other interpersonal concerns. Maybe you struggle with executive dysfunction, and are having trouble turning your motivation into action, or maybe you need help building that motivation. Maybe you aren’t quite sure yet what you want to work on in therapy. No matter what brings you in, your story is unique, and I am dedicated to tailoring your therapy experience to your unique situation.
(463) 222-0989 View (463) 222-0989
Photo of Melissa Annette Guthrie, Marriage & Family Therapist Intern in Greenfield, IN
Melissa Annette Guthrie
Marriage & Family Therapist Intern, MA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Greenfield, IN 46140
Are you missing the passion that you once had in your relationship? Are you and your spouse having a hard time communicating with one another? Do you feel misunderstood and not heard? Do you frequently argue about finances? If you answered yes to any of these questions, you may consider a relationship refresher.
Are you missing the passion that you once had in your relationship? Are you and your spouse having a hard time communicating with one another? Do you feel misunderstood and not heard? Do you frequently argue about finances? If you answered yes to any of these questions, you may consider a relationship refresher.
(317) 943-8934 View (317) 943-8934
Photo of Laura DeArmond, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Greenfield, IN
Laura DeArmond
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, EMDR
Verified Verified
Greenfield, IN 46140
I am deeply committed to guiding individuals through the process of healing and reclaiming their lives. Many of my clients experience depression, anxiety, dissociation, and difficulties with emotional regulation. My journey into the field of therapy began with a profound fascination for the resilience of the human spirit and a genuine desire to make a positive impact on the lives of those who have experienced difficult life events. It is my hope that together, we can build a foundation for healing, growth, and a renewed sense of hope.
I am deeply committed to guiding individuals through the process of healing and reclaiming their lives. Many of my clients experience depression, anxiety, dissociation, and difficulties with emotional regulation. My journey into the field of therapy began with a profound fascination for the resilience of the human spirit and a genuine desire to make a positive impact on the lives of those who have experienced difficult life events. It is my hope that together, we can build a foundation for healing, growth, and a renewed sense of hope.
(317) 401-8774 View (317) 401-8774
Photo of Alexandra (Lexie) LeMasters in Greenfield, IN
Alexandra (Lexie) LeMasters
MS, LMHCA
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Greenfield, IN 46140
I've always had an interest in working alongside individuals as they navigate their mental health journey. I find that individuals connect best with their varying emotions when they fully examine the meaning behind them and uncover the root cause of their struggles. As a therapist, I view my role as a fellow passenger during the therapeutic process. I believe in sitting with my client as they unpack their emotions, allowing us to examine and process them together. I enjoy working with individuals of all ages with their varying emotional challenges, including children and families.
I've always had an interest in working alongside individuals as they navigate their mental health journey. I find that individuals connect best with their varying emotions when they fully examine the meaning behind them and uncover the root cause of their struggles. As a therapist, I view my role as a fellow passenger during the therapeutic process. I believe in sitting with my client as they unpack their emotions, allowing us to examine and process them together. I enjoy working with individuals of all ages with their varying emotional challenges, including children and families.
(463) 223-9963 View (463) 223-9963
Photo of Amy M Coats, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in Greenfield, IN
Amy M Coats
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA MFT, LMFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Greenfield, IN 46140
My ideal client is ready for some change. My ideal client is open to ideas and willing to give input. I love working with (newly coupled), pre-marital couples and with the empty-nesting couples...and everything in between. I'm also drawn to those who just want to keep a good check on their relationship as it goes. As well, I work with couples experiencing some bumps in their journey. I like to see people willing to try something new as Brainspotting is really taking off. I have also found that I am a good match with middle-aged people, especially those who are not 100% sold on therapy yet.
My ideal client is ready for some change. My ideal client is open to ideas and willing to give input. I love working with (newly coupled), pre-marital couples and with the empty-nesting couples...and everything in between. I'm also drawn to those who just want to keep a good check on their relationship as it goes. As well, I work with couples experiencing some bumps in their journey. I like to see people willing to try something new as Brainspotting is really taking off. I have also found that I am a good match with middle-aged people, especially those who are not 100% sold on therapy yet.
(317) 458-9012 View (317) 458-9012
Photo of Julie Moeller, Pre-Licensed Professional in Greenfield, IN
Julie Moeller
Pre-Licensed Professional, LMHCA, MA
Verified Verified
Greenfield, IN 46140
I am dedicated to helping clients improve their mental health through an empathetic, non-judgmental counseling relationship. Understanding the ‘whys’ of our thoughts, feelings, and behaviors can give insight and a greater sense of control over our lives. I encourage clients to see the power of their own choices and perspective, to recognize their ability to grow, and to celebrate small but significant change. Therapy sessions are a safe, respectful environment for collaborating on counseling goals. I work with all client populations; further, I am passionate about working with teens and adolescents, as well as their parents.
I am dedicated to helping clients improve their mental health through an empathetic, non-judgmental counseling relationship. Understanding the ‘whys’ of our thoughts, feelings, and behaviors can give insight and a greater sense of control over our lives. I encourage clients to see the power of their own choices and perspective, to recognize their ability to grow, and to celebrate small but significant change. Therapy sessions are a safe, respectful environment for collaborating on counseling goals. I work with all client populations; further, I am passionate about working with teens and adolescents, as well as their parents.
(317) 376-4682 View (317) 376-4682
Photo of Elizabeth Lyon, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Greenfield, IN
Elizabeth Lyon
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Greenfield, IN 46140  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
Currently unavailable for new clients as I have a planned vacation 4/25-5/8/24. As human beings, we have feelings, we have struggles and crave understanding and connection. As a therapist, I want to help you explore your inner most struggles and to find healing. I believe you are resourceful and resilient person and my passion is to help you discover and utilize this to find relief from your symptoms. We can begin to find ways to enhance the strengths you already have. I don't have the answers for you, but I can help you uncover the answers within yourself. I believe unconditional positive regard and compassion can go a long way.
Currently unavailable for new clients as I have a planned vacation 4/25-5/8/24. As human beings, we have feelings, we have struggles and crave understanding and connection. As a therapist, I want to help you explore your inner most struggles and to find healing. I believe you are resourceful and resilient person and my passion is to help you discover and utilize this to find relief from your symptoms. We can begin to find ways to enhance the strengths you already have. I don't have the answers for you, but I can help you uncover the answers within yourself. I believe unconditional positive regard and compassion can go a long way.
(765) 507-6012 View (765) 507-6012
Photo of Ragan Michelle Williams, Counselor in Greenfield, IN
Ragan Michelle Williams
Counselor, MA, LMHCA
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Greenfield, IN 46140
I work best with clients who are open to reflection and exploration, both inside and outside of therapy. I encourage clients to integrate change into their own personal life based off our work in-session. I have experience with topics including but not limited to processing trauma, learning to cope with anxiety or depression, identifying and adjusting negative interpersonal patterns, and more. I am flexible and open to expanding my knowledge on my clients' presenting issues. Clients who are willing to go on a journey to make changes (even small changes) toward healing, would find support and encouragement in the space I provide.
I work best with clients who are open to reflection and exploration, both inside and outside of therapy. I encourage clients to integrate change into their own personal life based off our work in-session. I have experience with topics including but not limited to processing trauma, learning to cope with anxiety or depression, identifying and adjusting negative interpersonal patterns, and more. I am flexible and open to expanding my knowledge on my clients' presenting issues. Clients who are willing to go on a journey to make changes (even small changes) toward healing, would find support and encouragement in the space I provide.
(317) 647-4833 View (317) 647-4833
Photo of Taing Counseling Services, LLC, Counselor in Greenfield, IN
Taing Counseling Services, LLC
Counselor, LMHC, NCC
Verified Verified
Greenfield, IN 46140  (Online Only)
The problem is the problem, the person is not the problem. – Michael White and David Epston. The problems that you face do not have to define you as a person. Perhaps the mental health struggles that challenge you have made you feel lost or overwhelmed. Whether it be depression, anxiety, trauma, or any other emotions that you feel like are holding you back, let's find a way to separate you from your problems. Learn to coexist with the challenges you have and learn how to better handle them so that you can have a more fulfilling life.
The problem is the problem, the person is not the problem. – Michael White and David Epston. The problems that you face do not have to define you as a person. Perhaps the mental health struggles that challenge you have made you feel lost or overwhelmed. Whether it be depression, anxiety, trauma, or any other emotions that you feel like are holding you back, let's find a way to separate you from your problems. Learn to coexist with the challenges you have and learn how to better handle them so that you can have a more fulfilling life.
(317) 449-7097 View (317) 449-7097
Photo of Nancy L Fisher, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Greenfield, IN
Nancy L Fisher
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Greenfield, IN 46140  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
As an adoptive parent and former foster parent, as well as a professional in the field of foster care and adoption, I have a huge heart for the struggles of foster and adoptive parents. I see their need for someone to talk to who understands how difficult and yet rewarding is our calling to love hurt children. I offer trauma-focused therapy to address triggers resulting from parenting children from hard places. I am a TBRI educator and can also assist with implementing effective parenting strategies. In addition, I enjoy working with seniors as they (we) navigate the challenges of aging and addressing the needs of this time of life
As an adoptive parent and former foster parent, as well as a professional in the field of foster care and adoption, I have a huge heart for the struggles of foster and adoptive parents. I see their need for someone to talk to who understands how difficult and yet rewarding is our calling to love hurt children. I offer trauma-focused therapy to address triggers resulting from parenting children from hard places. I am a TBRI educator and can also assist with implementing effective parenting strategies. In addition, I enjoy working with seniors as they (we) navigate the challenges of aging and addressing the needs of this time of life
(317) 342-6070 View (317) 342-6070
Photo of Ashley Thomas, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Greenfield, IN
Ashley Thomas
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Greenfield, IN 46140  (Online Only)
I have eight years of experience working with groups and individuals. I enjoy working with clients experiencing anxiety, social anxiety, panic, and trauma. I utilize Brainspotting, CBT, and TF-CBT. I work best with individuals who want to understand how the brain creates anxiety while developing tools to manage anxious feelings.
I have eight years of experience working with groups and individuals. I enjoy working with clients experiencing anxiety, social anxiety, panic, and trauma. I utilize Brainspotting, CBT, and TF-CBT. I work best with individuals who want to understand how the brain creates anxiety while developing tools to manage anxious feelings.
(317) 364-4390 View (317) 364-4390
Photo of Jason Jones, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Greenfield, IN
Jason Jones
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
Greenfield, IN 46140
Mental health maintenance is essential to overall well-being. Whether you're struggling with feelings of hopelessness, excessive worry, or adjusting to loss, from time to time we all need to address the challenges life throws at us. Sometimes, we can cope with those challenges in ways that have worked in the past without any problems. There is power in each person to overcome most things. I can help you find your way through those challenges.
Mental health maintenance is essential to overall well-being. Whether you're struggling with feelings of hopelessness, excessive worry, or adjusting to loss, from time to time we all need to address the challenges life throws at us. Sometimes, we can cope with those challenges in ways that have worked in the past without any problems. There is power in each person to overcome most things. I can help you find your way through those challenges.
(317) 676-2220 View (317) 676-2220
Photo of Karri Anderson, Marriage & Family Therapist in Greenfield, IN
Karri Anderson
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT, LCAC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Greenfield, IN 46140
I am focused on assisting clients on their personal journey to finding inner peace and balance in their life while using a collaborative approach. I value and respect that each client is the expert in their own needs. I hope to help assist clients build their confidence level, improve self-care, increase coping skills, and develop independence to achieve their short and long-term goals. I, also, understand the importance of obtaining fulfilling relationships and recognize the impact that our family systems have on our mental wellbeing.
I am focused on assisting clients on their personal journey to finding inner peace and balance in their life while using a collaborative approach. I value and respect that each client is the expert in their own needs. I hope to help assist clients build their confidence level, improve self-care, increase coping skills, and develop independence to achieve their short and long-term goals. I, also, understand the importance of obtaining fulfilling relationships and recognize the impact that our family systems have on our mental wellbeing.
(317) 559-8326 x321 View (317) 559-8326 x321
Photo of Janet Valencia-Lopez, LPC Intern in Greenfield, IN
Janet Valencia-Lopez
LPC Intern
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Greenfield, IN 46140
Do you feel alone, unable to move forward? Do you feel hopeless? As an immigrant, I understand that life presents you with unexpected challenges, but with the right tools, we can overcome them and foster our unique individual growth. My name is Janet and I am currently working toward my Master’s Degree in Mental Health Counseling from Indiana Wesleyan University.
Do you feel alone, unable to move forward? Do you feel hopeless? As an immigrant, I understand that life presents you with unexpected challenges, but with the right tools, we can overcome them and foster our unique individual growth. My name is Janet and I am currently working toward my Master’s Degree in Mental Health Counseling from Indiana Wesleyan University.
(463) 219-4973 View (463) 219-4973
Photo of Kimberly Hage, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Greenfield, IN
Kimberly Hage
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
6 Endorsed
Greenfield, IN 46140
One of my first goals in therapy is to provide an atmosphere of privacy, safety and confidentiality. Have you ever felt overwhelmed, struggling with images of a traumatic event, never told someone about sexual abuse that still haunts you? Are you trying to get clean from alcohol and or drugs? Plagued by panic attacks or hopelessness? I would love to work with you so you can achieve your goals. I have a blended family of 7 children am a grandmother of 8 beautiful grandchildren. I love camping, hiking, fishing, gardening, puzzles and spending time with my cats.
One of my first goals in therapy is to provide an atmosphere of privacy, safety and confidentiality. Have you ever felt overwhelmed, struggling with images of a traumatic event, never told someone about sexual abuse that still haunts you? Are you trying to get clean from alcohol and or drugs? Plagued by panic attacks or hopelessness? I would love to work with you so you can achieve your goals. I have a blended family of 7 children am a grandmother of 8 beautiful grandchildren. I love camping, hiking, fishing, gardening, puzzles and spending time with my cats.
(317) 973-3023 View (317) 973-3023

See more therapy options for Greenfield

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Greenfield, IN

40+

Average cost per session

$125

Therapists in Greenfield, IN who prioritize treating:

89% Anxiety
83% Depression
74% Self Esteem
70% Trauma and PTSD
70% Coping Skills
67% Relationship Issues
65% Stress

Average years in practice

8 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

89% BlueCross and BlueShield
81% Anthem | Elevance
75% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in Greenfield, IN see their clients

83% In Person and Online
17% Online Only

Gender breakdown

81% Female
19% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Greenfield?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.