Therapists in Naperville, IL

Photo of Samantha Rose, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Samantha Rose
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Naperville, IL 60564
Samantha Rose, LSW, is able to quickly build a rapport with her clients by providing a safe environment to grow and heal. Samantha enjoys the opportunity of truly getting to know and understand her clients so she may best provide the tools and skills to live a more satisfying life. Samantha earned a BA from University of Kansas and an MSW from Washburn University. Thus far in her career, Samantha focused on providing trauma-informed care for children, adolescents, and adults.
Samantha Rose, LSW, is able to quickly build a rapport with her clients by providing a safe environment to grow and heal. Samantha enjoys the opportunity of truly getting to know and understand her clients so she may best provide the tools and skills to live a more satisfying life. Samantha earned a BA from University of Kansas and an MSW from Washburn University. Thus far in her career, Samantha focused on providing trauma-informed care for children, adolescents, and adults.
(630) 454-9314 View (630) 454-9314
Photo of Tara Ann Kacmarcik, PsyD, Psychologist
Tara Ann Kacmarcik
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Naperville, IL 60563
'Nobody can go back and start a new beginning, but anyone can start today and make a new ending.' Along with happiness and opportunity life inevitably brings challenge, change, confusion, loss, stress and disappointment. At these times we can benefit from a supportive environment and through therapy we can learn how to take these experiences and use them as an opportunity for growth. I believe each person's task in life is to become an increasingly better person. To help you do this, I provide input to assist you in identifying and overcoming your barriers to enjoying a fulfilling life.
'Nobody can go back and start a new beginning, but anyone can start today and make a new ending.' Along with happiness and opportunity life inevitably brings challenge, change, confusion, loss, stress and disappointment. At these times we can benefit from a supportive environment and through therapy we can learn how to take these experiences and use them as an opportunity for growth. I believe each person's task in life is to become an increasingly better person. To help you do this, I provide input to assist you in identifying and overcoming your barriers to enjoying a fulfilling life.
(630) 756-5455 x2 View (630) 756-5455 x2
Photo of Justin Wolfe, LCPC, CADC, CRC, Counselor
Justin Wolfe
Counselor, LCPC, CADC, CRC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Naperville, IL 60540
Justin engages clients with a warm, empathic, non-judgmental yet direct style and uses a down-to-earth approach. Justin utilizes Acceptance and Commitment Therapy(ACT)Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) ,Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT) , a Client-Centered Approach and Motivational Interviewing techniques to help his clients move forward in their lives. Justin specializes in working with individuals who find themselves struggling with: depression, anxiety, addiction, family conflict, and acting out/impulsive behaviors. Justin works with clients of all ages but has a great deal of experience working with adolescents and families .
Justin engages clients with a warm, empathic, non-judgmental yet direct style and uses a down-to-earth approach. Justin utilizes Acceptance and Commitment Therapy(ACT)Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) ,Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT) , a Client-Centered Approach and Motivational Interviewing techniques to help his clients move forward in their lives. Justin specializes in working with individuals who find themselves struggling with: depression, anxiety, addiction, family conflict, and acting out/impulsive behaviors. Justin works with clients of all ages but has a great deal of experience working with adolescents and families .
(630) 473-3177 View (630) 473-3177
Photo of Nancy M Rivas, PhD, Psychologist
Nancy M Rivas
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Naperville, IL 60563
Not accepting new clients
My original purpose in becoming a psychologist was to understand how to help children who are hurting. I serve children and adolescents who are struggling with a wide variety of concerns, often trauma, depression, anxiety, or self-injury. Of course this also involves support and guidance for their parents. I enjoy using this same developmental perspective to help adults who are struggling with the impact their childhood now has on them, for instance addressing codependency, boundaries, or experiences of childhood abuse. It is a joy to see clients discovering and blossoming into who they are created to be.
My original purpose in becoming a psychologist was to understand how to help children who are hurting. I serve children and adolescents who are struggling with a wide variety of concerns, often trauma, depression, anxiety, or self-injury. Of course this also involves support and guidance for their parents. I enjoy using this same developmental perspective to help adults who are struggling with the impact their childhood now has on them, for instance addressing codependency, boundaries, or experiences of childhood abuse. It is a joy to see clients discovering and blossoming into who they are created to be.
(331) 216-0924 View (331) 216-0924
Photo of Amanda Mead, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Amanda Mead
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Naperville, IL 60540
I believe that therapy offers the opportunity to embrace the idea of "growing through what you are going through." I'm passionate about helping teens and adults increase motivation and empowerment. I work with my clients to help them identify their strengths, and how to use them as stepping stones on their path to healing.
I believe that therapy offers the opportunity to embrace the idea of "growing through what you are going through." I'm passionate about helping teens and adults increase motivation and empowerment. I work with my clients to help them identify their strengths, and how to use them as stepping stones on their path to healing.
(708) 381-1189 View (708) 381-1189
Photo of Rima Mickus, MS, LCPC, Counselor
Rima Mickus
Counselor, MS, LCPC
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
Naperville, IL 60563
I am a seasoned therapist specializing in helping women who are struggling with depression, anxiety, relationship issues, weight loss, insomnia, trauma, narcissistic abuse, work and family concerns. As a wellness coach and licensed therapist my approach is integrative, addressing physical and emotional concerns. Common issues are separation, divorce, single parenting, dating, communication, emotional abuse, stress management and work/life balance.
I am a seasoned therapist specializing in helping women who are struggling with depression, anxiety, relationship issues, weight loss, insomnia, trauma, narcissistic abuse, work and family concerns. As a wellness coach and licensed therapist my approach is integrative, addressing physical and emotional concerns. Common issues are separation, divorce, single parenting, dating, communication, emotional abuse, stress management and work/life balance.
(630) 812-0061 View (630) 812-0061
Photo of Michael Hobart, LCPC
Michael Hobart
Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor, LCPC
Verified Verified
Naperville, IL 60563
Mike Hobart, LCPC, emphasizes a humanistic orientation when working with clients based on a respect for their uniqueness and potential. He uses a warm, empathetic approach to help people through whatever life challenges they might be facing and tailors his approach to match the specific individual. Throughout his career, Mike counseled clients of varying ages with a wide variety of mental health issues including depression, anxiety, ADHD, substance abuse and trauma.
Mike Hobart, LCPC, emphasizes a humanistic orientation when working with clients based on a respect for their uniqueness and potential. He uses a warm, empathetic approach to help people through whatever life challenges they might be facing and tailors his approach to match the specific individual. Throughout his career, Mike counseled clients of varying ages with a wide variety of mental health issues including depression, anxiety, ADHD, substance abuse and trauma.
(331) 226-1492 View (331) 226-1492
Photo of Tifarah Jackson, MS, Ed, LCPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Tifarah Jackson
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, Ed, LCPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Naperville, IL 60563  (Online Only)
Support comes in many forms and fashions from people we love. Sometimes people need someone outside of their circle to speak to and get professional help. I am an experienced licensed clinical professional counselor. I have helped many overcome the difficulties that life brings and helped them to learn to thrive despite mental health challenges. Therapy can empower you to set boundaries, grow & change, motivate you to action and improve overall mood and mental health. It can also help you learn coping skills, reduce stress, reduce anxiety, learn triggers, self improvement, repair relationships and much more. I can help with that.
Support comes in many forms and fashions from people we love. Sometimes people need someone outside of their circle to speak to and get professional help. I am an experienced licensed clinical professional counselor. I have helped many overcome the difficulties that life brings and helped them to learn to thrive despite mental health challenges. Therapy can empower you to set boundaries, grow & change, motivate you to action and improve overall mood and mental health. It can also help you learn coping skills, reduce stress, reduce anxiety, learn triggers, self improvement, repair relationships and much more. I can help with that.
(331) 258-8002 View (331) 258-8002
Photo of Adam S Ratner, LCSW, MA, MBA, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Adam S Ratner
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, MA, MBA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Naperville, IL 60563
Individuals/Families Experiencing Challenges with: Depression, Anxiety, Interpersonal Relationships, Behavioral Issues, Professional/Career Challenges, the Family System and Life Transitions. Ages: Adolescent, Young Adult, Adult. Clients consistently find Adam to be very down to earth, accepting and tremendously easy to talk to. Each quickly learns that Adam always strives to over deliver on the care and services he provides. For more information please visit: https://www.growwellnessgroup.com
Individuals/Families Experiencing Challenges with: Depression, Anxiety, Interpersonal Relationships, Behavioral Issues, Professional/Career Challenges, the Family System and Life Transitions. Ages: Adolescent, Young Adult, Adult. Clients consistently find Adam to be very down to earth, accepting and tremendously easy to talk to. Each quickly learns that Adam always strives to over deliver on the care and services he provides. For more information please visit: https://www.growwellnessgroup.com
(331) 702-9356 View (331) 702-9356
Photo of Kristen Breese, MS, LCPC, Counselor
Kristen Breese
Counselor, MS, LCPC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Naperville, IL 60563
Are you feeling stuck? Are you having a hard time sleeping? Do you feel that you can't communicate well with your partner? Unfortunately, these are issues that so many people are experiencing, you can start today to move in a new direction, and develop new tools to live your life with more joy.
Are you feeling stuck? Are you having a hard time sleeping? Do you feel that you can't communicate well with your partner? Unfortunately, these are issues that so many people are experiencing, you can start today to move in a new direction, and develop new tools to live your life with more joy.
(331) 207-3029 View (331) 207-3029
Photo of Brittany Nelson, PsyD, PMH-C, Psychologist
Brittany Nelson
Psychologist, PsyD, PMH-C
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Naperville, IL 60564
I believe in creating a safe, nonjudgmental environment to foster therapeutic change. My extensive background includes treating people of all ages in areas of trauma, self-esteem, depression, anxiety, LGTBQIA+, behavioral issues, disordered eating, phase of life issues, attachment issues, personality disorders, and sexual health. I am currently seeking additional training in women’s health issues, including pregnancy, prenatal, postpartum, and fertility concerns. I earned my Bachelor of Science degree from Loyola University Chicago in 2012 and my Doctorate of Psychology from the Chicago School of Professional Psychology in 2018.
I believe in creating a safe, nonjudgmental environment to foster therapeutic change. My extensive background includes treating people of all ages in areas of trauma, self-esteem, depression, anxiety, LGTBQIA+, behavioral issues, disordered eating, phase of life issues, attachment issues, personality disorders, and sexual health. I am currently seeking additional training in women’s health issues, including pregnancy, prenatal, postpartum, and fertility concerns. I earned my Bachelor of Science degree from Loyola University Chicago in 2012 and my Doctorate of Psychology from the Chicago School of Professional Psychology in 2018.
(855) 263-2413 View (855) 263-2413
Photo of Emily Boothe, MA, LCPC, LLC
Emily Boothe
Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor, MA, LCPC, LLC
Verified Verified
Naperville, IL 60540
I enjoy working with young adults and adults in individual and couples therapy. I believe in a client-centered approach to therapy and understand that effective therapy cannot be achieved without an understanding and trusting relationship between therapist and client. Treatment often includes cognitive behavioral and mindfulness-based approaches. Each client is unique and these treatments alone may not work for every client, therefore, treatment options are altered based on client need and preference.
I enjoy working with young adults and adults in individual and couples therapy. I believe in a client-centered approach to therapy and understand that effective therapy cannot be achieved without an understanding and trusting relationship between therapist and client. Treatment often includes cognitive behavioral and mindfulness-based approaches. Each client is unique and these treatments alone may not work for every client, therefore, treatment options are altered based on client need and preference.
(630) 324-4325 View (630) 324-4325
Photo of Jenna S Kiel, PsyD, Psychologist
Jenna S Kiel
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Naperville, IL 60563
I often work with people who are facing a major life transition and/or who are feeling "stuck." Whether that is a career change, divorce, having a child, or a major illness (just to name a few), therapy can be incredibly helpful in finding the ground beneath your feet by figuring out what your goals are and how to get there. I also work with a lot of individuals who have survived some type of trauma, including major medical illness. I find that the big "why are we here?" questions can often be important to address after traumatic experiences.
I often work with people who are facing a major life transition and/or who are feeling "stuck." Whether that is a career change, divorce, having a child, or a major illness (just to name a few), therapy can be incredibly helpful in finding the ground beneath your feet by figuring out what your goals are and how to get there. I also work with a lot of individuals who have survived some type of trauma, including major medical illness. I find that the big "why are we here?" questions can often be important to address after traumatic experiences.
(630) 239-1268 View (630) 239-1268
Photo of Jordan Teige-Evans, MS, LCPC, NCC, CCTP
Jordan Teige-Evans
Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor, MS, LCPC, NCC, CCTP
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
Naperville, IL 60540
Due to my upcoming relocation during Summer 2024, all new clients should be prepared to transition to virtual counseling and self pay as I am transitioning out of network. I have over ten years of experience and have expertise in complex and simple PTSD, Borderline Personality Disorder, dissociation, attachment issues and boundary setting. I will help you gain a better understanding of yourself and the problems you are experiencing while assisting you with building a strong set of skills to be able to cope adaptively and heal. Clients who will be the best fit for working with me will be open to incorporating EMDR into treatment.
Due to my upcoming relocation during Summer 2024, all new clients should be prepared to transition to virtual counseling and self pay as I am transitioning out of network. I have over ten years of experience and have expertise in complex and simple PTSD, Borderline Personality Disorder, dissociation, attachment issues and boundary setting. I will help you gain a better understanding of yourself and the problems you are experiencing while assisting you with building a strong set of skills to be able to cope adaptively and heal. Clients who will be the best fit for working with me will be open to incorporating EMDR into treatment.
(630) 526-7445 View (630) 526-7445
Photo of Aneta Kryczka, LCPC, MA, Counselor
Aneta Kryczka
Counselor, LCPC, MA
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Naperville, IL 60563
Relationships are very important to me. I value my clients, and above all, I provide an emotionally safe and therapeutic atmosphere. I believe that the ability to heal lies within each of us. The treatment I provide will be tailored with your specific needs. I strive to build an authentic connection with each person and focus on solutions and opportunities rather than problems. My goal is to help you resolve the conflict that you are experiencing. My style is warm and nurturing, though simultaneously open and direct. I provide therapy in English and Polish.
Relationships are very important to me. I value my clients, and above all, I provide an emotionally safe and therapeutic atmosphere. I believe that the ability to heal lies within each of us. The treatment I provide will be tailored with your specific needs. I strive to build an authentic connection with each person and focus on solutions and opportunities rather than problems. My goal is to help you resolve the conflict that you are experiencing. My style is warm and nurturing, though simultaneously open and direct. I provide therapy in English and Polish.
(630) 701-7489 x101 View (630) 701-7489 x101
Photo of Clare Jonela, MSSA, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Clare Jonela
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSSA, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Naperville, IL 60540
I enjoy working with adult clients to achieve a more effective balance in their life. I feel strongly that we must prioritize ourselves first before we can help others, and self care is a topic I frequently discuss and encourage. Throughout talk therapy we will be discussing a variety of coping skills and how to apply them into your everyday life. I also have a certification in perinatal mood disorders, and am passionate in working with families transitioning into parenthood.
I enjoy working with adult clients to achieve a more effective balance in their life. I feel strongly that we must prioritize ourselves first before we can help others, and self care is a topic I frequently discuss and encourage. Throughout talk therapy we will be discussing a variety of coping skills and how to apply them into your everyday life. I also have a certification in perinatal mood disorders, and am passionate in working with families transitioning into parenthood.
(815) 849-8960 x9 View (815) 849-8960 x9
Photo of Dr. Deb Davero, PsyD, PSYPACT, Psychologist
Dr. Deb Davero
Psychologist, PsyD, PSYPACT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Naperville, IL 60540
I have adopted a mind-body-spiritual focus while working on issues related to trauma, anxiety, depression and addictions. I try to get each client to strive for balance among all aspects of their daily lives while trying to heal themselves from within. Adults and adolescents with anxiety and eating disorders with trauma histories resulting in addictive behaviors has been my primary focus. My goal is to assist clients in developing strong assertiveness skills through which self-empowerment and a sense of identity can emerge.
I have adopted a mind-body-spiritual focus while working on issues related to trauma, anxiety, depression and addictions. I try to get each client to strive for balance among all aspects of their daily lives while trying to heal themselves from within. Adults and adolescents with anxiety and eating disorders with trauma histories resulting in addictive behaviors has been my primary focus. My goal is to assist clients in developing strong assertiveness skills through which self-empowerment and a sense of identity can emerge.
(630) 426-3457 View (630) 426-3457
Photo of Karen Malczewski, LCSW, MSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Karen Malczewski
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, MSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Naperville, IL 60540
I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker who has been working with individuals, families and couples strengthening relationships, building self-esteem, and helping individuals through many of life's challenges for over 20 years. My areas of expertise include couples and marriage counseling including infidelity, sex and intimacy issues, same sex couples, improving communication and reconnecting again; depression and anxiety; grief issues; men's issues including finding a balance between work and personal life; and overall personal growth and wellness.
I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker who has been working with individuals, families and couples strengthening relationships, building self-esteem, and helping individuals through many of life's challenges for over 20 years. My areas of expertise include couples and marriage counseling including infidelity, sex and intimacy issues, same sex couples, improving communication and reconnecting again; depression and anxiety; grief issues; men's issues including finding a balance between work and personal life; and overall personal growth and wellness.
(630) 230-1847 View (630) 230-1847
Photo of undefined - Julie A. Nelson-Kuna, PhD, LLC, PhD, Psychologist
Julie A. Nelson-Kuna, PhD, LLC
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Naperville, IL 60563
I am a Licensed Clinical Psychologist, trained in a research-based PhD program, with many years of experience working with adolescents, emerging adults, adults, and families in both outpatient and inpatient settings. I specialize in working with individuals and families facing school-related pressures including high achievement issues, poor executive functioning, and perfectionism. Also, I have extensive training and experience working with addictive behaviors, including disordered eating, substance abuse, internet/porn abuse. Finally, I have strong interests and clinical experience in working with women struggling with self-esteem, depression, and anxiety.
I am a Licensed Clinical Psychologist, trained in a research-based PhD program, with many years of experience working with adolescents, emerging adults, adults, and families in both outpatient and inpatient settings. I specialize in working with individuals and families facing school-related pressures including high achievement issues, poor executive functioning, and perfectionism. Also, I have extensive training and experience working with addictive behaviors, including disordered eating, substance abuse, internet/porn abuse. Finally, I have strong interests and clinical experience in working with women struggling with self-esteem, depression, and anxiety.
(331) 425-6839 View (331) 425-6839
Photo of Smitha Bhat, PsyD, Psychologist
Smitha Bhat
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Naperville, IL 60564
We all have potential for change and, sometimes, need a guide through the obstacles that stand in our way. These obstacles include fears and worrying, self-doubt, unresolved healing from past trauma, and being "stuck" in the past or self-sabotaging patterns. Whether your goal is to overcome fears, get "unstuck", "reset" self-defeating patterns, or learn to enjoy life again, we can make this happen together. My primary goals are to listen, understand, challenge, and help you gain a new perspective on your situation. I work with motivated adults who want to improve their relationships, work performance, and social lives.
We all have potential for change and, sometimes, need a guide through the obstacles that stand in our way. These obstacles include fears and worrying, self-doubt, unresolved healing from past trauma, and being "stuck" in the past or self-sabotaging patterns. Whether your goal is to overcome fears, get "unstuck", "reset" self-defeating patterns, or learn to enjoy life again, we can make this happen together. My primary goals are to listen, understand, challenge, and help you gain a new perspective on your situation. I work with motivated adults who want to improve their relationships, work performance, and social lives.
(630) 699-2589 View (630) 699-2589

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Naperville, IL

1,000+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in Naperville, IL who prioritize treating:

95% Anxiety
90% Depression
74% Relationship Issues
74% Self Esteem
69% Trauma and PTSD
65% Grief
65% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

96% BlueCross and BlueShield
71% Aetna
64% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in Naperville, IL see their clients

74% In Person and Online
26% Online Only

Gender breakdown

80% Female
19% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Naperville?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.