Therapists in Mokena, IL

Photo of Lynn Panepinto, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Mokena, IL
Lynn Panepinto
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, CCTP-II, EMDR
Verified Verified
Mokena, IL 60448
If you’re struggling with difficult emotions, relationship/family issues, trauma, uncomfortable life transitions, or feeling stuck and overwhelmed, help is available. My passion is working with clients to develop self-awareness, inner strength, and coping skills so that true and lasting healing occurs. I believe that your overall sense of well-being and overall health includes mental and emotional wellness. My hope is that therapy will help you experience greater self-acceptance, understanding, and an ability to achieve your goals and increase your emotional wellness.
If you’re struggling with difficult emotions, relationship/family issues, trauma, uncomfortable life transitions, or feeling stuck and overwhelmed, help is available. My passion is working with clients to develop self-awareness, inner strength, and coping skills so that true and lasting healing occurs. I believe that your overall sense of well-being and overall health includes mental and emotional wellness. My hope is that therapy will help you experience greater self-acceptance, understanding, and an ability to achieve your goals and increase your emotional wellness.
(708) 316-9132 View (708) 316-9132
Photo of Jen Horton, Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor in Mokena, IL
Jen Horton
Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor, LCPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Mokena, IL 60448
Is anxiety and stress getting the best of you? Perhaps your mood has been down and you’re feeling overwhelmed and are unsure of what to do to feel better. Life transitions, such as getting married or divorced, having a baby, moving, getting a new job or losing one, or having a serious illness, can be really stressful and lead to anxiety or a depressed mood. You feel like you should be able to cope with these changes or maybe that you’re overreacting. You just want to feel better and more in control.
Is anxiety and stress getting the best of you? Perhaps your mood has been down and you’re feeling overwhelmed and are unsure of what to do to feel better. Life transitions, such as getting married or divorced, having a baby, moving, getting a new job or losing one, or having a serious illness, can be really stressful and lead to anxiety or a depressed mood. You feel like you should be able to cope with these changes or maybe that you’re overreacting. You just want to feel better and more in control.
(847) 892-4761 View (847) 892-4761
Photo of V Manger, Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor in Mokena, IL
V Manger
Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor, MA, LCPC, CAADC, CODP, ICCS
Verified Verified
Mokena, IL 60448  (Online Only)
Believing that we...ourselves are responsible for our own lives...No matter what comes our way...We have a choice as to how we will respond to the situation that will be in our own best interests...at all times. Working together as a team, you will be assisted in choosing the best 'interest' for you, and how you can work toward achieving this goal. Being mindful that you have the power within to choose, work toward and achieve any goal you create and accomplish. "Have the courage to be imperfect!" ~~~ Alfred Adler
Believing that we...ourselves are responsible for our own lives...No matter what comes our way...We have a choice as to how we will respond to the situation that will be in our own best interests...at all times. Working together as a team, you will be assisted in choosing the best 'interest' for you, and how you can work toward achieving this goal. Being mindful that you have the power within to choose, work toward and achieve any goal you create and accomplish. "Have the courage to be imperfect!" ~~~ Alfred Adler
(708) 279-4369 View (708) 279-4369
Photo of Dr. Dawn Kusinski, Counselor in Mokena, IL
Dr. Dawn Kusinski
Counselor, PsyD
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Mokena, IL 60448
I have experience providing treatment for those who have suffered painful experiences in their childhood or adult life. As well as treating individuals who feel angry, sad or anxious much of the time. I have also worked with those who feel out of control of their behavior and feel misunderstood in their relationships. Additionally, I have experience working with milder symptoms including stress related to managing a healthy work-life balance, interpersonal relationship struggles, inattention, and hyperactivity. I have also provided therapy to help individuals implement effective parenting strategies and increase assertiveness in their lives.
I have experience providing treatment for those who have suffered painful experiences in their childhood or adult life. As well as treating individuals who feel angry, sad or anxious much of the time. I have also worked with those who feel out of control of their behavior and feel misunderstood in their relationships. Additionally, I have experience working with milder symptoms including stress related to managing a healthy work-life balance, interpersonal relationship struggles, inattention, and hyperactivity. I have also provided therapy to help individuals implement effective parenting strategies and increase assertiveness in their lives.
(815) 854-4672 View (815) 854-4672
Photo of Sheila Foulkes, Counselor in Mokena, IL
Sheila Foulkes
Counselor, MS, LSW
Verified Verified
Mokena, IL 60448
Many people come to therapy seeking help with anxiety, depression, relationship issues, life transitions, and in some cases, trauma recovery. Whether you’re taking your first steps toward self-improvement and wellness, or have been on your journey for a while, therapy can help you figure out what you need to achieve your goals. I enjoy working with adults who are navigating a variety of life challenges by providing a safe and non-judgmental environment to support you on your journey to make meaningful life changes.
Many people come to therapy seeking help with anxiety, depression, relationship issues, life transitions, and in some cases, trauma recovery. Whether you’re taking your first steps toward self-improvement and wellness, or have been on your journey for a while, therapy can help you figure out what you need to achieve your goals. I enjoy working with adults who are navigating a variety of life challenges by providing a safe and non-judgmental environment to support you on your journey to make meaningful life changes.
(708) 627-9705 View (708) 627-9705
Photo of Tracey Martin, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Mokena, IL
Tracey Martin
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Mokena, IL 60448
Hello and welcome. If you have arrived at my site, I am imagining you are possibly feeling overwhelmed and wondering how to make the next step in obtaining support. I am hoping that I can assist you on the next steps of your journey to wellness. My name is Tracey Martin and I have established the Center of Personal Empowerment in order to assist others with discovering their values and to make changes towards living their ideal life.
Hello and welcome. If you have arrived at my site, I am imagining you are possibly feeling overwhelmed and wondering how to make the next step in obtaining support. I am hoping that I can assist you on the next steps of your journey to wellness. My name is Tracey Martin and I have established the Center of Personal Empowerment in order to assist others with discovering their values and to make changes towards living their ideal life.
(708) 546-3903 View (708) 546-3903
Photo of Melissa Cullinane, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Mokena, IL
Melissa Cullinane
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
Mokena, IL 60448
"Nothing changes if nothing changes." As your therapist I will help you gain insight into yourself and your behaviors and provide you with healthy coping skills. I will challenge you to be your best self. I believe everyone can benefit from talking with an unbiased, third party when faced with mental and emotional struggles as well as, everyday life stressors. I utilize Brainspotting, Psychodynamic therapy, CBT, DBT, and Solution Focused Therapy.
"Nothing changes if nothing changes." As your therapist I will help you gain insight into yourself and your behaviors and provide you with healthy coping skills. I will challenge you to be your best self. I believe everyone can benefit from talking with an unbiased, third party when faced with mental and emotional struggles as well as, everyday life stressors. I utilize Brainspotting, Psychodynamic therapy, CBT, DBT, and Solution Focused Therapy.
(815) 599-1042 View (815) 599-1042
Photo of Elizabeth Polek, Psychologist in Mokena, IL
Elizabeth Polek
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Mokena, IL 60448
Getting started can be the most difficult and intimidating part of therapy. I hope to create comfort with the idea of starting this process and build a trusting relationship in which you feel your needs and goals are addressed.
Getting started can be the most difficult and intimidating part of therapy. I hope to create comfort with the idea of starting this process and build a trusting relationship in which you feel your needs and goals are addressed.
(708) 419-4036 View (708) 419-4036
Photo of Sandy Sybert, Counselor in Mokena, IL
Sandy Sybert
Counselor, LCPC, NCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Mokena, IL 60448
We all experience stress, whether it be from our jobs, relationships, and/or life changes, big and small. Most of the time we handle everything just fine but sometimes life throws us a curve and we become overwhelmed. That is when I would encourage you to talk with a professional, whether it is me or another professional.
We all experience stress, whether it be from our jobs, relationships, and/or life changes, big and small. Most of the time we handle everything just fine but sometimes life throws us a curve and we become overwhelmed. That is when I would encourage you to talk with a professional, whether it is me or another professional.
(708) 745-8210 View (708) 745-8210
Photo of Wanda Perkins, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Mokena, IL
Wanda Perkins
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Mokena, IL 60448
As a Licensed Clinical Social Worker, my emphasis is meeting clients where they are and providing the type of support to assist them with overcoming challenges that have led to negative experiences. For the past 18 years, I have worked with children and their families to seek solutions to social, behavioral, and emotional issues that impact the home and school environment. One of my primary goals is to equip children and their parents with the tools needed to be successful in any situation or environment. Learning the strategies/tools to build strong, mutually respectful relationships is an area of value where I like to focus.
As a Licensed Clinical Social Worker, my emphasis is meeting clients where they are and providing the type of support to assist them with overcoming challenges that have led to negative experiences. For the past 18 years, I have worked with children and their families to seek solutions to social, behavioral, and emotional issues that impact the home and school environment. One of my primary goals is to equip children and their parents with the tools needed to be successful in any situation or environment. Learning the strategies/tools to build strong, mutually respectful relationships is an area of value where I like to focus.
(815) 534-1153 View (815) 534-1153
Photo of Jaime Doss, Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor in Mokena, IL
Jaime Doss
Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor, LCPC, CCTP
Verified Verified
Mokena, IL 60448
My ideal client is one who is passionate about learning and seeking out treatment to make them the best possible versions of themselves. The client is able to develop a trusting relationship with me as their therapist and be vulnerable in doing the work in order to make a positive change. I work with clients of all ages from 9 years old and up, of all ethnic backgrounds, who experience a wide range of symptoms from anxiety, behavioral challenges, couples issues, bipolar disorder, depression, ADHD, and more.
My ideal client is one who is passionate about learning and seeking out treatment to make them the best possible versions of themselves. The client is able to develop a trusting relationship with me as their therapist and be vulnerable in doing the work in order to make a positive change. I work with clients of all ages from 9 years old and up, of all ethnic backgrounds, who experience a wide range of symptoms from anxiety, behavioral challenges, couples issues, bipolar disorder, depression, ADHD, and more.
(630) 415-2806 View (630) 415-2806
Photo of Deanna L Stacy, Counselor in Mokena, IL
Deanna L Stacy
Counselor, MA, LCPC, NCC, CCMHC
Verified Verified
Mokena, IL 60448
I am a Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor with over 9 years experience. I hold an M.A. in Clinical Psychology from Roosevelt University and additional credentials in Family Psychology and Stress Management. I regularly guide clients to develop coping mechanisms for their anxiety, depression, and difficult life situations. My experience working with the foster care system assists me to support children, teens, and adults through many complex issues including abuse and trauma. I am also skilled in helping couples and families build proper communication to strengthen marriages and relationships.
I am a Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor with over 9 years experience. I hold an M.A. in Clinical Psychology from Roosevelt University and additional credentials in Family Psychology and Stress Management. I regularly guide clients to develop coping mechanisms for their anxiety, depression, and difficult life situations. My experience working with the foster care system assists me to support children, teens, and adults through many complex issues including abuse and trauma. I am also skilled in helping couples and families build proper communication to strengthen marriages and relationships.
(708) 541-1822 View (708) 541-1822
Photo of Matt Littlefield, Counselor in Mokena, IL
Matt Littlefield
Counselor, LCPC, CADC
Verified Verified
Mokena, IL 60448
My approach is strengths based, focused on solutions, and present and forward directed. We will explore new possibilities and opportunities to learn how to lessen your current clinical symptoms, while improving your sense of self-acceptance, increasing your resiliency, and developing a healthier and more effective behavioral pattern moving forward. Together, we will collaborate on aligning your treatment goals with your own personal values within a warm, empathic, and compassionate space.
My approach is strengths based, focused on solutions, and present and forward directed. We will explore new possibilities and opportunities to learn how to lessen your current clinical symptoms, while improving your sense of self-acceptance, increasing your resiliency, and developing a healthier and more effective behavioral pattern moving forward. Together, we will collaborate on aligning your treatment goals with your own personal values within a warm, empathic, and compassionate space.
(708) 722-8009 View (708) 722-8009
Photo of Megan Maiero, Counselor in Mokena, IL
Megan Maiero
Counselor, LCPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Mokena, IL 60448
I am an experienced counselor with many years of helping client’s navigate their struggles related to various mood disorders, anxiety disorders, traumatic experiences, life transitions, and women’s issues. I particularly love working with teens, young adults, parents, and women but have extensive training and experience working with children, families, and adults of all age 5 and up.
I am an experienced counselor with many years of helping client’s navigate their struggles related to various mood disorders, anxiety disorders, traumatic experiences, life transitions, and women’s issues. I particularly love working with teens, young adults, parents, and women but have extensive training and experience working with children, families, and adults of all age 5 and up.
(708) 620-7788 View (708) 620-7788
Photo of Saulena Antanavi, Counselor in Mokena, IL
Saulena Antanavi
Counselor, MSCP, LCPC, NCC
Verified Verified
Mokena, IL 60448
Do you feel overwhelmed by anxiety or obsessive thoughts, frequently thinking the worst? Have you noticed your child is preoccupied by excessive worry or fears? You are not alone, and there is help. My focus is on, though not limited to, services for those struggling with anxiety, OCD, mood disorders, PTSD and co-occurring disorders, such as depression. My approach is entirely determined by the unique needs of you, my client - whether it's individual or family counseling. You deserve the best help and guidance to live a fulfilling, more joyful life.
Do you feel overwhelmed by anxiety or obsessive thoughts, frequently thinking the worst? Have you noticed your child is preoccupied by excessive worry or fears? You are not alone, and there is help. My focus is on, though not limited to, services for those struggling with anxiety, OCD, mood disorders, PTSD and co-occurring disorders, such as depression. My approach is entirely determined by the unique needs of you, my client - whether it's individual or family counseling. You deserve the best help and guidance to live a fulfilling, more joyful life.
(708) 469-4748 View (708) 469-4748
Photo of Stephanie Kozlowski, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in Mokena, IL
Stephanie Kozlowski
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate
Verified Verified
Mokena, IL 60448
I believe everyone’s journey is unique and deserves to be told. As a marriage and Family Therapist, I will meet you where you are at to help navigate what is not working for you. While helping clients reach their goals, my goal is to help make the therapy process a positive and helpful tool for my clients in their everyday life. I have years of experience working with men, women, children, marriages and families who have experienced trauma, anxiety, depression, eating disorders, loss,ODD,OCD, ADHD, intimacy issues, affairs, abuse,co-parenting and behaviors. I have extra training in the area of family studies and crisis intervention.
I believe everyone’s journey is unique and deserves to be told. As a marriage and Family Therapist, I will meet you where you are at to help navigate what is not working for you. While helping clients reach their goals, my goal is to help make the therapy process a positive and helpful tool for my clients in their everyday life. I have years of experience working with men, women, children, marriages and families who have experienced trauma, anxiety, depression, eating disorders, loss,ODD,OCD, ADHD, intimacy issues, affairs, abuse,co-parenting and behaviors. I have extra training in the area of family studies and crisis intervention.
(708) 627-2935 View (708) 627-2935
Photo of Simona Tuminello, Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor in Mokena, IL
Simona Tuminello
Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor, MA, LCPC, NCC
Verified Verified
Mokena, IL 60448
Heal. Grow. Create a life aligned with who you truly are. Depression and anxiety may be blocking the path to your authentic self. You may be feeling stuck, overwhelmed, wanting to isolate, constantly feeling on edge, and feeling so drained that you can’t find the motivation to change unhealthy patterns. Relationships, emotional wounds, childhood trauma, and the demands and expectations of life may be just a few of the contributing factors. Or you may have no idea why you are feeling this way. Therapy can help gain clarity to move forward. My goal is to help you feel more aligned, hopeful, empowered, and confident in your life.
Heal. Grow. Create a life aligned with who you truly are. Depression and anxiety may be blocking the path to your authentic self. You may be feeling stuck, overwhelmed, wanting to isolate, constantly feeling on edge, and feeling so drained that you can’t find the motivation to change unhealthy patterns. Relationships, emotional wounds, childhood trauma, and the demands and expectations of life may be just a few of the contributing factors. Or you may have no idea why you are feeling this way. Therapy can help gain clarity to move forward. My goal is to help you feel more aligned, hopeful, empowered, and confident in your life.
(708) 734-2775 View (708) 734-2775
Photo of BELA Recovery, Drug & Alcohol Counselor in Mokena, IL
BELA Recovery
Drug & Alcohol Counselor, PhD, CAADC, LAC
Verified Verified
Mokena, IL 60448
I am a certified addiction counselor, licensed educator, licensed addiction counselor (LAC) in Colorado, and the Director of BELA Recovery, a nonprofit, Illinois-state-licensed addiction treatment Center. We specialize in adolescent and adult substance use prevention, early intervention and outpatient treatment services. We also provide DUI classes and counseling, domestic violence, anger management, and more. We also do community outreach and presentations for schools, community organizations and professional organizations on topics such as supporting students struggling with substance use, trauma, anxiety/depression and ADHD.
I am a certified addiction counselor, licensed educator, licensed addiction counselor (LAC) in Colorado, and the Director of BELA Recovery, a nonprofit, Illinois-state-licensed addiction treatment Center. We specialize in adolescent and adult substance use prevention, early intervention and outpatient treatment services. We also provide DUI classes and counseling, domestic violence, anger management, and more. We also do community outreach and presentations for schools, community organizations and professional organizations on topics such as supporting students struggling with substance use, trauma, anxiety/depression and ADHD.
(708) 794-6867 View (708) 794-6867
Photo of Mental Edge Counseling LLC, Licensed Professional Counselor in Mokena, IL
Mental Edge Counseling LLC
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Mokena, IL 60448
As a therapist I have a kind and warm approach to all clients and and I hope to meet you where you currently are at when you enter my office. I want to walk with you on your therapeutic journey and journey of self discovery. I hope as a team we can collaborate. We will work to identify areas for improvement and to challenge each person in order to improve their quality of life, and to live their life to the fullest. I work to help individuals utilize their current strengths to help them find more success in managing stressors, painful emotions, and to navigate through difficult relationships. I am also bilingual in Spanish.
As a therapist I have a kind and warm approach to all clients and and I hope to meet you where you currently are at when you enter my office. I want to walk with you on your therapeutic journey and journey of self discovery. I hope as a team we can collaborate. We will work to identify areas for improvement and to challenge each person in order to improve their quality of life, and to live their life to the fullest. I work to help individuals utilize their current strengths to help them find more success in managing stressors, painful emotions, and to navigate through difficult relationships. I am also bilingual in Spanish.
(815) 707-3006 View (815) 707-3006
Photo of Jamie Simmert, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Mokena, IL
Jamie Simmert
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MS, LSW
Verified Verified
Mokena, IL 60448
We’ve all experienced times when we just feel stuck, going through the motions of life rather than actually living our best lives. Anxiety, depression, addiction, low self-esteem, past trauma or many other issues can impact your ability to live a full and happy life and have healthy family and other relationships. Therapy is a powerful medium that can provide many tools and strategies to help you navigate all of these challenges and many more. I enjoy working with child/adolescent, adult, and geriatric populations using a variety of therapeutic techniques including CBT, DBT, 12-Step, Trauma-Informed, and Family Systems Therapy.
We’ve all experienced times when we just feel stuck, going through the motions of life rather than actually living our best lives. Anxiety, depression, addiction, low self-esteem, past trauma or many other issues can impact your ability to live a full and happy life and have healthy family and other relationships. Therapy is a powerful medium that can provide many tools and strategies to help you navigate all of these challenges and many more. I enjoy working with child/adolescent, adult, and geriatric populations using a variety of therapeutic techniques including CBT, DBT, 12-Step, Trauma-Informed, and Family Systems Therapy.
(708) 315-2734 View (708) 315-2734

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Mokena, IL

100+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in Mokena, IL who prioritize treating:

97% Anxiety
94% Depression
81% Relationship Issues
81% Self Esteem
79% Coping Skills
71% Grief
70% Stress

Average years in practice

14 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

96% BlueCross and BlueShield
64% Aetna
64% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in Mokena, IL see their clients

95% In Person and Online
5% Online Only

Gender breakdown

86% Female
14% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Mokena?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.