Therapists in Hoffman Estates, IL

Photo of Christina N Garcia, Licensed Professional Counselor in Hoffman Estates, IL
Christina N Garcia
Licensed Professional Counselor, LCPC
Verified
Hoffman Estates, IL 60169
Christina N. Garcia, LPC, has an M.A. in Clinical Psychology from the Illinois School of Professional Psychology. She has experience working with children ages 10+, adolescents, adults, couples, and families. She believes therapy must be tailored to each unique individual and she not only respects but embraces diversity. With warmth and authenticity, she strives to provide safe, nonjudgmental, and collaborative support to individuals throughout the therapeutic process. Christina believes no child or person of any age is “bad” or “broken” and that all individuals have strengths, gifts and the ability to make desired positive changes.
Christina N. Garcia, LPC, has an M.A. in Clinical Psychology from the Illinois School of Professional Psychology. She has experience working with children ages 10+, adolescents, adults, couples, and families. She believes therapy must be tailored to each unique individual and she not only respects but embraces diversity. With warmth and authenticity, she strives to provide safe, nonjudgmental, and collaborative support to individuals throughout the therapeutic process. Christina believes no child or person of any age is “bad” or “broken” and that all individuals have strengths, gifts and the ability to make desired positive changes.
(224) 774-0179 x147 View (224) 774-0179 x147
Photo of Jesse Perez, Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor in Hoffman Estates, IL
Jesse Perez
Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor, LCPC
Verified
Hoffman Estates, IL 60169
Jesse M Perez is a licensed psychotherapist with a decade of experience working with children, adolescents, young adults, and adults from a myriad of backgrounds. He has a Master’s Degree in Educational Specialist in Clinical Mental Health Counseling from Loyola University Chicago. He believes therapy to be a collaborative effort where he is highly engaged and active in the work with my clients. His clinical experience and interests include working with individuals and families dealing with ADHD, depression, anxiety, anger, peer difficulties, and complex trauma among adolescents and children.
Jesse M Perez is a licensed psychotherapist with a decade of experience working with children, adolescents, young adults, and adults from a myriad of backgrounds. He has a Master’s Degree in Educational Specialist in Clinical Mental Health Counseling from Loyola University Chicago. He believes therapy to be a collaborative effort where he is highly engaged and active in the work with my clients. His clinical experience and interests include working with individuals and families dealing with ADHD, depression, anxiety, anger, peer difficulties, and complex trauma among adolescents and children.
(847) 242-2472 x145 View (847) 242-2472 x145
Photo of Phet Coggin, Counselor in Hoffman Estates, IL
Phet Coggin
Counselor, LCPC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Hoffman Estates, IL 60169
I specialize in providing individual counseling for adults, adolescents and their families. My approach is client-centered and individualized to meet my client's current needs. My goal is to assist clients to reach their potential well being through education, teaching, and modeling skills, while assisting to identify barriers that prevent change. My therapy approach is guided by dialectical-behavioral and cognitive behavioral therapy. I specialize in trauma, grief, and gender identity support.
I specialize in providing individual counseling for adults, adolescents and their families. My approach is client-centered and individualized to meet my client's current needs. My goal is to assist clients to reach their potential well being through education, teaching, and modeling skills, while assisting to identify barriers that prevent change. My therapy approach is guided by dialectical-behavioral and cognitive behavioral therapy. I specialize in trauma, grief, and gender identity support.
(224) 479-0540 View (224) 479-0540
Photo of Christina Geiselhart, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Hoffman Estates, IL
Christina Geiselhart
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Hoffman Estates, IL 60169  (Online Only)
Dr. Geiselhart is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) with over 10 years of experience in the medical and mental health field. She is passionate about helping people learn how their brain works and what changes they can make to find empowerment and control over their lives. She worked extensively with individuals who experience complex trauma as well as grief and end of life care. When not working directly with clients, she teaches at a variety of universities to help mentor the next generation of social workers.
Dr. Geiselhart is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) with over 10 years of experience in the medical and mental health field. She is passionate about helping people learn how their brain works and what changes they can make to find empowerment and control over their lives. She worked extensively with individuals who experience complex trauma as well as grief and end of life care. When not working directly with clients, she teaches at a variety of universities to help mentor the next generation of social workers.
(847) 999-7621 View (847) 999-7621
Photo of Victoria Rosner, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Hoffman Estates, IL
Victoria Rosner
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Hoffman Estates, IL 60169  (Online Only)
Are you doing okay today? Whether you are or are not, I believe that therapy must be a "you-centered" experience where control over your quality of life is regained, maintained, and enhanced. I regularly tell my clients that I am a human first and a therapist second, which serves as a reminder that my priority is building a human connection with you. Empathy is the most important tool I bring. I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) who believes in creating a compassionate, nurturing, and empathetic space where clients feel comfortable sharing their deepest thoughts, feelings, and life experiences.
Are you doing okay today? Whether you are or are not, I believe that therapy must be a "you-centered" experience where control over your quality of life is regained, maintained, and enhanced. I regularly tell my clients that I am a human first and a therapist second, which serves as a reminder that my priority is building a human connection with you. Empathy is the most important tool I bring. I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) who believes in creating a compassionate, nurturing, and empathetic space where clients feel comfortable sharing their deepest thoughts, feelings, and life experiences.
(847) 457-0791 View (847) 457-0791
Photo of Julie Faulkner, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Hoffman Estates, IL
Julie Faulkner
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Hoffman Estates, IL 60169
I have over 20 years of experience and have worked in a wide variety of treatment settings, including in-home counseling, residential treatment, and outpatient community mental health centers as well as private practice. I help clients develop individual strategies and goals to move forward through obstacles such as anxiety, low self-esteem, depression, trauma, adjustment issues, and difficulty connecting to a partner or family member to improve the functioning and relationships in their lives.
I have over 20 years of experience and have worked in a wide variety of treatment settings, including in-home counseling, residential treatment, and outpatient community mental health centers as well as private practice. I help clients develop individual strategies and goals to move forward through obstacles such as anxiety, low self-esteem, depression, trauma, adjustment issues, and difficulty connecting to a partner or family member to improve the functioning and relationships in their lives.
(847) 796-6189 x116 View (847) 796-6189 x116
Photo of Tajwar Raziuddin, Counselor in Hoffman Estates, IL
Tajwar Raziuddin
Counselor, MA, LCPC
Hoffman Estates, IL 60169
Having been in the counseling profession for more than 25 years, my fellow professionals and previous clients have described me as a seasoned therapist, and an emphatic and active listener. My therapeutic approach highlights working with my clients collaboratively and developing an individually tailored intervention plan. My role as a “passionate mentor” is an opportunity that I do not take for granted, and the chance to accompany my clients in their journey to find peace and comfort in their lives is a privilege.
Having been in the counseling profession for more than 25 years, my fellow professionals and previous clients have described me as a seasoned therapist, and an emphatic and active listener. My therapeutic approach highlights working with my clients collaboratively and developing an individually tailored intervention plan. My role as a “passionate mentor” is an opportunity that I do not take for granted, and the chance to accompany my clients in their journey to find peace and comfort in their lives is a privilege.
(855) 938-2207 View (855) 938-2207
Photo of Dennis Humphrey, Counselor in Hoffman Estates, IL
Dennis Humphrey
Counselor, MA, LCPC
Verified
Hoffman Estates, IL 60169
I have been in counseling practice for 25 years. Over this time I have noticed one constant theme: people often do not know how to address their emotional and relational pain. Unresolved emotional pain leads them to develop coping methods that increase their hurt and isolation. What if there was a way to make sense of this pain, learn to cope and even thrive, despite what life has offered? My passion is to help people understand themselves well and move to empowerment that brings hope and solutions, enabling them to thrive.
I have been in counseling practice for 25 years. Over this time I have noticed one constant theme: people often do not know how to address their emotional and relational pain. Unresolved emotional pain leads them to develop coping methods that increase their hurt and isolation. What if there was a way to make sense of this pain, learn to cope and even thrive, despite what life has offered? My passion is to help people understand themselves well and move to empowerment that brings hope and solutions, enabling them to thrive.
(847) 453-3817 View (847) 453-3817
Photo of Shimon Gendelman, Licensed Professional Counselor in Hoffman Estates, IL
Shimon Gendelman
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified
Hoffman Estates, IL 60169
If you are reading this, you may be exploring options to relieve some stress or tackle some of life’s challenges. I am here to support you with whatever it is you are experiencing. I am committed to helping you walk away from each session with support, care, empathic unconditional understanding, and of course a tablespoon of chuckles as well. I have had experience in multiple settings treating a wide range of issues using evidenced based practice and I can support you as well. Make that phone call you won’t regret.
If you are reading this, you may be exploring options to relieve some stress or tackle some of life’s challenges. I am here to support you with whatever it is you are experiencing. I am committed to helping you walk away from each session with support, care, empathic unconditional understanding, and of course a tablespoon of chuckles as well. I have had experience in multiple settings treating a wide range of issues using evidenced based practice and I can support you as well. Make that phone call you won’t regret.
(847) 610-6991 View (847) 610-6991
Photo of Roshni Davé, Counselor in Hoffman Estates, IL
Roshni Davé
Counselor, MACC, LCPC
Verified
Hoffman Estates, IL 60169  (Online Only)
Roshni is a Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor, holding a Master's degree from the Illinois School of Professional Psychology (Argosy University). With a wealth of experience in Family Therapy, Individual Therapy, and Group Therapy, she specializes in addressing eating disorders, self-injury disorders, depression, anxiety, and adjustment concerns. Roshni collaborates with families, providing guidance on supporting their struggling loved ones.
Roshni is a Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor, holding a Master's degree from the Illinois School of Professional Psychology (Argosy University). With a wealth of experience in Family Therapy, Individual Therapy, and Group Therapy, she specializes in addressing eating disorders, self-injury disorders, depression, anxiety, and adjustment concerns. Roshni collaborates with families, providing guidance on supporting their struggling loved ones.
(847) 512-8068 View (847) 512-8068
Photo of Monica Van Duyne, Licensed Professional Counselor in Hoffman Estates, IL
Monica Van Duyne
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, NCC
Verified
Hoffman Estates, IL 60169
If you are feeling stuck in the past, lost, hopeless, and disconnected from yourself and the life you want, it can feel impossible to get "unstuck". Past traumas and current external systems can make it feel like things will never get better. Oftentimes, you might wonder if you even deserve to feel better. It's important in these moments to notice the parts of you that do want to feel better, to heal, and to move towards your ideal life - whatever that may look like.
If you are feeling stuck in the past, lost, hopeless, and disconnected from yourself and the life you want, it can feel impossible to get "unstuck". Past traumas and current external systems can make it feel like things will never get better. Oftentimes, you might wonder if you even deserve to feel better. It's important in these moments to notice the parts of you that do want to feel better, to heal, and to move towards your ideal life - whatever that may look like.
(847) 281-5870 View (847) 281-5870
Photo of Julie Field, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Hoffman Estates, IL
Julie Field
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Hoffman Estates, IL 60169
It's inevitable that all of us will experience struggles throughout our lifetime, both as children and adults. When children and adolescents struggle for the first time, they are often left unsure of how to cope and express their needs. My training as a licensed clinical social worker and my own experience struggling during my childhood have given me a unique lens through which I can help children of all ages manage their challenges.
It's inevitable that all of us will experience struggles throughout our lifetime, both as children and adults. When children and adolescents struggle for the first time, they are often left unsure of how to cope and express their needs. My training as a licensed clinical social worker and my own experience struggling during my childhood have given me a unique lens through which I can help children of all ages manage their challenges.
(847) 920-6298 View (847) 920-6298
Photo of Stephanie Quattrocki, Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor in Hoffman Estates, IL
Stephanie Quattrocki
Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor, LCPC
Verified
Hoffman Estates, IL 60169
What sets Stephanie apart is her innate ability to establish immediate and authentic connections with her clients. Her therapeutic style is characterized by directness and compassion, creating a space for clients to feel heard and understood. Stephanie is dedicated to instilling empowered choice, inspiration, and joy into the lives of those she works with, making her a compassionate guide on the path to positive change.
What sets Stephanie apart is her innate ability to establish immediate and authentic connections with her clients. Her therapeutic style is characterized by directness and compassion, creating a space for clients to feel heard and understood. Stephanie is dedicated to instilling empowered choice, inspiration, and joy into the lives of those she works with, making her a compassionate guide on the path to positive change.
(847) 443-9884 View (847) 443-9884
Photo of Jeff Kalas, Licensed Professional Counselor in Hoffman Estates, IL
Jeff Kalas
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Hoffman Estates, IL 60169
As a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) with 17 years of experience, I have dedicated my career to helping individuals overcome challenges related to ADHD, anxiety, interpersonal struggles, and other mental health concerns. Through a cognitive-behavioral approach, I utilize evidence-based techniques to help my clients identify and modify negative thinking patterns and behaviors that may be impacting their quality of life. My goal as a counselor is to provide a safe, supportive, and nonjudgmental environment where individuals can feel empowered to explore their thoughts, feelings, and behaviors.
As a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) with 17 years of experience, I have dedicated my career to helping individuals overcome challenges related to ADHD, anxiety, interpersonal struggles, and other mental health concerns. Through a cognitive-behavioral approach, I utilize evidence-based techniques to help my clients identify and modify negative thinking patterns and behaviors that may be impacting their quality of life. My goal as a counselor is to provide a safe, supportive, and nonjudgmental environment where individuals can feel empowered to explore their thoughts, feelings, and behaviors.
(847) 503-9642 View (847) 503-9642
Photo of Khoa Ngo, Counselor in Hoffman Estates, IL
Khoa Ngo
Counselor, MA, LCPC
Verified
Hoffman Estates, IL 60169
It feels like people are always judging you or maybe you judge yourself. Either way, most of the time it feels like you could be doing something better or that you are not enough. Most adults come to therapy with low self-esteem and a combination of depression and anxiety. I create a space where adults can feel safe at opening up freely about difficult emotions, negative thoughts, and problematic behaviors. Together, we explore what is standing in the way of you meeting your goals, why you are doing what you’re doing, and then try different ways to address your problems.
It feels like people are always judging you or maybe you judge yourself. Either way, most of the time it feels like you could be doing something better or that you are not enough. Most adults come to therapy with low self-esteem and a combination of depression and anxiety. I create a space where adults can feel safe at opening up freely about difficult emotions, negative thoughts, and problematic behaviors. Together, we explore what is standing in the way of you meeting your goals, why you are doing what you’re doing, and then try different ways to address your problems.
(847) 443-1409 View (847) 443-1409
Photo of Andrew W Hartman, Psychologist in Hoffman Estates, IL
Andrew W Hartman
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
Hoffman Estates, IL 60169
As a Clinical Psychologist in practice for over 25 years, I specialize working with adults working through the barriers that keep them stuck in unproductive patterns that limit their life potential. Hardships, losses, and traumas often create beliefs that are self-limiting. These beliefs often stand in the way of the life you want to live. Counseling can be a powerful pathway toward discovering and developing your unique and whole self. Counseling starts with facing the pain that prompts you to seek help. Facing the starting point of anger, anxiety, depression, loss, or relationship pain leads to the work of therapy.
As a Clinical Psychologist in practice for over 25 years, I specialize working with adults working through the barriers that keep them stuck in unproductive patterns that limit their life potential. Hardships, losses, and traumas often create beliefs that are self-limiting. These beliefs often stand in the way of the life you want to live. Counseling can be a powerful pathway toward discovering and developing your unique and whole self. Counseling starts with facing the pain that prompts you to seek help. Facing the starting point of anger, anxiety, depression, loss, or relationship pain leads to the work of therapy.
(224) 228-3779 View (224) 228-3779
Photo of Roberta Williams in Hoffman Estates, IL
Roberta Williams
SC-C, CSC
Hoffman Estates, IL 60169
I help people learn how to handle the challenges of daily life in relationship with the spiritual world. Most people are accustomed to thinking of themselves as alone in the world and to figure things out on their own, and fight for survival. As a spiritual counselor, I help you meet the challenges of life from a new awareness of collective existence. I help you gain an understanding of your role in the unfolding of your life. I offer support of the whole person, soul and spirit, emotions, mind and body in practical life.
I help people learn how to handle the challenges of daily life in relationship with the spiritual world. Most people are accustomed to thinking of themselves as alone in the world and to figure things out on their own, and fight for survival. As a spiritual counselor, I help you meet the challenges of life from a new awareness of collective existence. I help you gain an understanding of your role in the unfolding of your life. I offer support of the whole person, soul and spirit, emotions, mind and body in practical life.
(847) 581-6298 View (847) 581-6298
Photo of Brittany Lafin, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Hoffman Estates, IL
Brittany Lafin
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Hoffman Estates, IL 60169  (Online Only)
Brittany Lafin is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) with over 13 years of experience utilizing the pillars of wellness to help clients improve daily functioning and reaching long term goals. She specializes in treating depression, anxiety, life changes, marital issues, substance issues, trauma, ADHD, bipolar disorders (I and II), relationship issues, and more.
Brittany Lafin is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) with over 13 years of experience utilizing the pillars of wellness to help clients improve daily functioning and reaching long term goals. She specializes in treating depression, anxiety, life changes, marital issues, substance issues, trauma, ADHD, bipolar disorders (I and II), relationship issues, and more.
(847) 534-8080 View (847) 534-8080
Photo of Annette Spiezio, Counselor in Hoffman Estates, IL
Annette Spiezio
Counselor, MA, LCPC
Verified
Hoffman Estates, IL 60192
Annette has been speaking, consulting and educating in the realms of Psychology for over 20 years. She is a licensed clinical professional counselor (LCPC)). Annette holds two Master Degrees from Loyola University Chicago, in Pastoral Studies and Counseling. Annette is trained in the Enneagram System and in Internal Family Systems. She spent nine years in pastoral ministry in both parish and university settings, and has worked in the mental health field within community mental health, hospital and private practice settings for more than 25 years.
Annette has been speaking, consulting and educating in the realms of Psychology for over 20 years. She is a licensed clinical professional counselor (LCPC)). Annette holds two Master Degrees from Loyola University Chicago, in Pastoral Studies and Counseling. Annette is trained in the Enneagram System and in Internal Family Systems. She spent nine years in pastoral ministry in both parish and university settings, and has worked in the mental health field within community mental health, hospital and private practice settings for more than 25 years.
(708) 866-0715 View (708) 866-0715
Photo of Empowered & Authentic Living, LLC (Lisa Aranas), Counselor in Hoffman Estates, IL
Empowered & Authentic Living, LLC (Lisa Aranas)
Counselor, JD, LCPC
Verified
Hoffman Estates, IL 60169
If you are struggling with any mental, emotional, physical, or relationship issues, or feeling that there has got to be more to life than what you are experiencing, I would be privileged to help you on your journey to a place of contentment and peace. In addition to my counseling and law degrees, I am also a certified divorce and custody mediator, personal trainer, and holistic nutritionist. My varied background gives me unique insight into many aspects of one's life and relationships, allowing me to provide practical skills and tools to help you move from where you are to where you would like to be.
If you are struggling with any mental, emotional, physical, or relationship issues, or feeling that there has got to be more to life than what you are experiencing, I would be privileged to help you on your journey to a place of contentment and peace. In addition to my counseling and law degrees, I am also a certified divorce and custody mediator, personal trainer, and holistic nutritionist. My varied background gives me unique insight into many aspects of one's life and relationships, allowing me to provide practical skills and tools to help you move from where you are to where you would like to be.
(847) 558-1762 View (847) 558-1762

See more therapy options for Hoffman Estates

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Hoffman Estates, IL

100+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in Hoffman Estates, IL who prioritize treating:

97% Anxiety
89% Depression
72% Self Esteem
69% Relationship Issues
69% Trauma and PTSD
69% Coping Skills
68% Stress

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

97% BlueCross and BlueShield
70% Aetna
66% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in Hoffman Estates, IL see their clients

85% In Person and Online
15% Online Only

Gender breakdown

74% Female
24% Male
2% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Hoffman Estates?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.