Therapists in Gurnee, IL

Photo of Dr. Stasek, Psychologist in Gurnee, IL
Dr. Stasek
Psychologist, MA, PsyD
Verified Verified
Gurnee, IL 60031
At some point in our lives we may find ourselves struggling with emotional distress,self esteem issues, indecision, fears, depression, relationship problems, chronic pain or other potentially life altering events. We can feel alone, scared and have no where to turn. At Envision Psychological Services, PC I can help you through the storms of life and teach you some of the skills to better manage any future adversity. Let me help you navigate lifes turbulent waters so that you can ENVISION and ACHIEVE "The Calm after the Storm". PLEASE NOTE, I can help you with your concerns, anxiety, depression or adjustment regarding COVID19.
At some point in our lives we may find ourselves struggling with emotional distress,self esteem issues, indecision, fears, depression, relationship problems, chronic pain or other potentially life altering events. We can feel alone, scared and have no where to turn. At Envision Psychological Services, PC I can help you through the storms of life and teach you some of the skills to better manage any future adversity. Let me help you navigate lifes turbulent waters so that you can ENVISION and ACHIEVE "The Calm after the Storm". PLEASE NOTE, I can help you with your concerns, anxiety, depression or adjustment regarding COVID19.
(815) 828-4795 View (815) 828-4795
Photo of Melissa Redmond, Counselor in Gurnee, IL
Melissa Redmond
Counselor, LCPC, ATR, MSAT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Gurnee, IL 60031
Our paths can often have obstacles but I am here to travel with you. In traditional therapy, I utilize CBT and Solutions Focused modalities to work though anxiety and depression as well as grief and loss. I am privileged to help others navigate through life transitions, behavior and emotional disorders, as well as autism spectrum disorder and obsessive compulsive disorder.
Our paths can often have obstacles but I am here to travel with you. In traditional therapy, I utilize CBT and Solutions Focused modalities to work though anxiety and depression as well as grief and loss. I am privileged to help others navigate through life transitions, behavior and emotional disorders, as well as autism spectrum disorder and obsessive compulsive disorder.
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Photo of Brenda Marwede, Counselor in Gurnee, IL
Brenda Marwede
Counselor, MA, LCPC, CMHIMP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Gurnee, IL 60031
Not accepting new clients
Brenda's primary focus is on Individual, Family and Child Counseling. She works with a broad spectrum of clients, including those with Anxiety, Depression, Attachment Disorders, Trauma, ADHD and Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD). Brenda is also passionate about nutrition and the role it plays in mental health.
Brenda's primary focus is on Individual, Family and Child Counseling. She works with a broad spectrum of clients, including those with Anxiety, Depression, Attachment Disorders, Trauma, ADHD and Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD). Brenda is also passionate about nutrition and the role it plays in mental health.
(224) 268-1515 View (224) 268-1515
Photo of Jessica Tomkowiak, Counselor in Gurnee, IL
Jessica Tomkowiak
Counselor, LCPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Gurnee, IL 60031  (Online Only)
Feeling stuck, lonely, lost or sad? If you’re looking for someone to help you during this difficult time, I’d love to be that support. It takes a lot of strength to seek help. I have experience working with adolescents and adults from all different backgrounds including Navy and Marine reservists and active duty. Although I’m not military, I really take pride in helping those who serve our country.I also have a passion for working with women struggling with postpartum issues as well. Having a new child can be both challenging and exhausting, yet also rewarding. I want to be here to help with these difficult times…I’ve been there.
Feeling stuck, lonely, lost or sad? If you’re looking for someone to help you during this difficult time, I’d love to be that support. It takes a lot of strength to seek help. I have experience working with adolescents and adults from all different backgrounds including Navy and Marine reservists and active duty. Although I’m not military, I really take pride in helping those who serve our country.I also have a passion for working with women struggling with postpartum issues as well. Having a new child can be both challenging and exhausting, yet also rewarding. I want to be here to help with these difficult times…I’ve been there.
(224) 208-1184 View (224) 208-1184
Photo of Joann Jacobs, Counselor in Gurnee, IL
Joann Jacobs
Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
Gurnee, IL 60031
“Wellness involves all aspects of the human experience including mental, physical, social/emotional, spiritual and financial”. As part of my approach to working with clients, all of these aspects work together in tandem to create balance and wholeness. If one area is out of sync, it impacts all other areas. I facilitate the healing journey by providing comprehensive care. Through the use of compassion, collaboration, and reflective listening, I create a safe, non judgemental environment while integrating therapeutic techniques to address client needs.
“Wellness involves all aspects of the human experience including mental, physical, social/emotional, spiritual and financial”. As part of my approach to working with clients, all of these aspects work together in tandem to create balance and wholeness. If one area is out of sync, it impacts all other areas. I facilitate the healing journey by providing comprehensive care. Through the use of compassion, collaboration, and reflective listening, I create a safe, non judgemental environment while integrating therapeutic techniques to address client needs.
(224) 507-5549 View (224) 507-5549
Photo of Larisa Leader, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Gurnee, IL
Larisa Leader
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Gurnee, IL 60031
I have worked with adolescents, children, and adults in mental health and social work for over 20 years. I have extensive experience helping those who struggle with anxiety, depression, identity development, non-heterosexuality or non-cis gender (LGBTQI+), and ethically non-monogamous (polyamorous) relationships. I also have a history working with people with substance abuse problems and women in transition, as well as those coping with grief and loss. I have supported individuals who happen to be neurodivergent in terms of their unique needs. I believe everyone is deserving of respect, care and support.
I have worked with adolescents, children, and adults in mental health and social work for over 20 years. I have extensive experience helping those who struggle with anxiety, depression, identity development, non-heterosexuality or non-cis gender (LGBTQI+), and ethically non-monogamous (polyamorous) relationships. I also have a history working with people with substance abuse problems and women in transition, as well as those coping with grief and loss. I have supported individuals who happen to be neurodivergent in terms of their unique needs. I believe everyone is deserving of respect, care and support.
(847) 796-6755 View (847) 796-6755
Photo of Crystal Bernard, Licensed Professional Counselor in Gurnee, IL
Crystal Bernard
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, NCC, BC-TMH
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Gurnee, IL 60031  (Online Only)
We all experience moments of difficulty and reaching out for support is a true act of self-advocacy and courage. I believe that every individual can experience growth, healing, and wholeness in a safe and nurturing environment. In my work with clients, I aim to foster a robust therapeutic alliance and cultivate a space for vulnerability and self-awareness. Together, we can explore the complexities and multidimensional aspects of your life while being sensitive to your needs and mindful of your expectations for the counseling process.
We all experience moments of difficulty and reaching out for support is a true act of self-advocacy and courage. I believe that every individual can experience growth, healing, and wholeness in a safe and nurturing environment. In my work with clients, I aim to foster a robust therapeutic alliance and cultivate a space for vulnerability and self-awareness. Together, we can explore the complexities and multidimensional aspects of your life while being sensitive to your needs and mindful of your expectations for the counseling process.
(847) 595-5085 View (847) 595-5085
Photo of Amy Slutzky, Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor in Gurnee, IL
Amy Slutzky
Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor, LCPC, NCC
Verified Verified
Gurnee, IL 60031
As a therapist and educational advocate, I work with tweens, teens, adults and families to bring out their best selves by using successes in the past to confront and conquer current life challenges. It is okay to struggle with anxiety; the goal is to make sure you don't suffer from it. Parent coaching means understanding great kids can also make bad decisions. We work together to learn practical strategies to put in your parent toolbox. I'm also passionate about helping parents trust their instincts by decoding specialized vocabulary of IEPs and help parents assert their expertise when it comes to the special needs of special kids.
As a therapist and educational advocate, I work with tweens, teens, adults and families to bring out their best selves by using successes in the past to confront and conquer current life challenges. It is okay to struggle with anxiety; the goal is to make sure you don't suffer from it. Parent coaching means understanding great kids can also make bad decisions. We work together to learn practical strategies to put in your parent toolbox. I'm also passionate about helping parents trust their instincts by decoding specialized vocabulary of IEPs and help parents assert their expertise when it comes to the special needs of special kids.
(847) 440-3347 View (847) 440-3347
Photo of Daniel Ross, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Gurnee, IL
Daniel Ross
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Gurnee, IL 60031
Danny Ross is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker in Illinois who has been practicing since 2014. He received both his undergraduate and Graduate Degree in Social Work from New Mexico Highland University with a clinical concentration in 2014. Danny has worked with children (8-12), adolescents (12-17), and adults (18+). Most of his experience has been dealing with addictions, anxiety, depression, abuse and/or neglect, domestic violence, behavioral problems, anger, self-esteem, self-worth, stress, communications, family issues, Trauma/PTSD, veteran issues and first responder issues.
Danny Ross is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker in Illinois who has been practicing since 2014. He received both his undergraduate and Graduate Degree in Social Work from New Mexico Highland University with a clinical concentration in 2014. Danny has worked with children (8-12), adolescents (12-17), and adults (18+). Most of his experience has been dealing with addictions, anxiety, depression, abuse and/or neglect, domestic violence, behavioral problems, anger, self-esteem, self-worth, stress, communications, family issues, Trauma/PTSD, veteran issues and first responder issues.
(847) 641-2634 View (847) 641-2634
Photo of Zoya Mirza (Holistic Counselor), Pre-Licensed Professional in Gurnee, IL
Zoya Mirza (Holistic Counselor)
Pre-Licensed Professional, MS, MDiv
Verified Verified
Gurnee, IL 60031
Feeling stuck in endless therapy without clear progress? I offer a different path: therapy that’s focused on real, lasting healing. My approach honors your personal beliefs and tackles mental health challenges, emphasizing holistic care for issues like marital and parenting crisis, anxiety, abuse, major life changes, and more. I’m committed to not just guiding you but empowering you with the tools to uncover your innate problem-solving abilities, aiming for swift and meaningful progress. Your time and investment are precious; together, we strive for autonomy, not dependency, ensuring each session is a step towards your goals.
Feeling stuck in endless therapy without clear progress? I offer a different path: therapy that’s focused on real, lasting healing. My approach honors your personal beliefs and tackles mental health challenges, emphasizing holistic care for issues like marital and parenting crisis, anxiety, abuse, major life changes, and more. I’m committed to not just guiding you but empowering you with the tools to uncover your innate problem-solving abilities, aiming for swift and meaningful progress. Your time and investment are precious; together, we strive for autonomy, not dependency, ensuring each session is a step towards your goals.
(224) 701-3492 View (224) 701-3492
Photo of Harry Speer, Licensed Professional Counselor in Gurnee, IL
Harry Speer
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
Gurnee, IL 60031  (Online Only)
Harry Speer is a Board Certified Licensed Professional Counselor practicing in Illinois since 2018. He earned his Bachelor of Arts degree in Psychology and his Master of Arts degree in Clinical Mental Health from Northeastern Illinois University in Chicago. Harry focuses on developing a trusting relationship with clients that is therapeutic and helpful. He integrates applied psychology and proven counseling approaches in his practice. Harry's goal is to help clients learn to respond to their difficult feelings, relationships, and circumstances more effectively. He focuses on individual adults and on couples.
Harry Speer is a Board Certified Licensed Professional Counselor practicing in Illinois since 2018. He earned his Bachelor of Arts degree in Psychology and his Master of Arts degree in Clinical Mental Health from Northeastern Illinois University in Chicago. Harry focuses on developing a trusting relationship with clients that is therapeutic and helpful. He integrates applied psychology and proven counseling approaches in his practice. Harry's goal is to help clients learn to respond to their difficult feelings, relationships, and circumstances more effectively. He focuses on individual adults and on couples.
(224) 276-5502 View (224) 276-5502
Photo of Nada Pavlovic, Counselor in Gurnee, IL
Nada Pavlovic
Counselor, MA, LCPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Gurnee, IL 60031
Have you ever felt “stuck” in your life and not sure how to move forward to make positive changes? I strongly believe that when we cannot make changes to our situation, we need to make changes to our thinking and perception, which requires exploration and support. When we can make changes to our situation, it can be risky and scary and best done with plenty of planning and validation. I am passionate about helping people make these “shifts” in perception and situation.
Have you ever felt “stuck” in your life and not sure how to move forward to make positive changes? I strongly believe that when we cannot make changes to our situation, we need to make changes to our thinking and perception, which requires exploration and support. When we can make changes to our situation, it can be risky and scary and best done with plenty of planning and validation. I am passionate about helping people make these “shifts” in perception and situation.
(224) 676-9800 x26 View (224) 676-9800 x26
Photo of Ashley Grob, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Gurnee, IL
Ashley Grob
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Gurnee, IL 60031  (Online Only)
Hello and welcome! My name is Ashley, I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker and have been providing therapy services since 2015. My hope for you and your therapeutic experience is that you begin to feel empowered, validated, understood and heard. If you find that you are struggling to move forward from a conflict, a relationship, a complicated time of your life, it could be because this was actually traumatizing for you. Trauma can be difficult to understand and overcome as it so often manifests in many ways.
Hello and welcome! My name is Ashley, I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker and have been providing therapy services since 2015. My hope for you and your therapeutic experience is that you begin to feel empowered, validated, understood and heard. If you find that you are struggling to move forward from a conflict, a relationship, a complicated time of your life, it could be because this was actually traumatizing for you. Trauma can be difficult to understand and overcome as it so often manifests in many ways.
(312) 647-2250 View (312) 647-2250
Photo of Damien Jackson, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Gurnee, IL
Damien Jackson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Gurnee, IL 60031
I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker who views therapy as a partnership built upon mutual trust. I pride myself on creating a calm, safe, and non-judgmental environment to help clients feel at ease. My goal is to empower each individual towards change.
I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker who views therapy as a partnership built upon mutual trust. I pride myself on creating a calm, safe, and non-judgmental environment to help clients feel at ease. My goal is to empower each individual towards change.
(224) 269-8759 View (224) 269-8759
Photo of Shaun Saville, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Gurnee, IL
Shaun Saville
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
Gurnee, IL 60031
Sometimes you need someone to help you find a way through the tough times. When the stresses of getting through another day start to feel insurmountable. When life’s challenges become overwhelming. Too much work. Not enough money. Past hurts left untended. Fears and insecurities that are emotionally crippling if you don’t know how to cope.
Sometimes you need someone to help you find a way through the tough times. When the stresses of getting through another day start to feel insurmountable. When life’s challenges become overwhelming. Too much work. Not enough money. Past hurts left untended. Fears and insecurities that are emotionally crippling if you don’t know how to cope.
(224) 204-0562 View (224) 204-0562
Photo of Lynda Throm, Counselor in Gurnee, IL
Lynda Throm
Counselor, MEd, LCPC
Verified Verified
7 Endorsed
Gurnee, IL 60031
Not accepting new clients
I want to commend you for your bravery in taking the first step towards reaching out for help. Counseling can give you a non-judgmental place to vent as well as a place to learn about new ways to manage overwhelming feelings. As a therapist, my main way of understanding how people work is through Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. It can help us challenge our negative thoughts and utilize healthy coping skills. I primarily take a humanistic approach with my clients and make sure to address psychosocial, biological, developmental, spiritual, and cultural issues as needed since every client is unique.
I want to commend you for your bravery in taking the first step towards reaching out for help. Counseling can give you a non-judgmental place to vent as well as a place to learn about new ways to manage overwhelming feelings. As a therapist, my main way of understanding how people work is through Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. It can help us challenge our negative thoughts and utilize healthy coping skills. I primarily take a humanistic approach with my clients and make sure to address psychosocial, biological, developmental, spiritual, and cultural issues as needed since every client is unique.
(224) 231-6951 View (224) 231-6951
Photo of Jean K Vargas, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Gurnee, IL
Jean K Vargas
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
Gurnee, IL 60031
I see a range of people, aged 12-99, in my practice. I use an eclectic approach to therapy, focusing on what each individual needs. I draw from my experience in different therapeutic models, tailoring my approach and interventions to meet the unique needs of each client.
I see a range of people, aged 12-99, in my practice. I use an eclectic approach to therapy, focusing on what each individual needs. I draw from my experience in different therapeutic models, tailoring my approach and interventions to meet the unique needs of each client.
(224) 267-9427 View (224) 267-9427
Photo of Great Lakes Psychology Group - Gurnee, Psychologist in Gurnee, IL
Great Lakes Psychology Group - Gurnee
Psychologist
Verified Verified
Gurnee, IL 60031
The GLPG support staff will personally match you with a best-fit therapist who accepts your insurance and is available to see you online or in person at a time that works for you. The GLPG provider network comprises doctoral and master’s level psychologists, marriage and family therapists, professional counselors, and social workers. Benefits include online and in-person therapy options, night and weekend availability, and most insurance plans accepted. Additionally, our knowledgeable and helpful support staff are available to answer your questions or help with anything you might need at any point along the therapy journey.
The GLPG support staff will personally match you with a best-fit therapist who accepts your insurance and is available to see you online or in person at a time that works for you. The GLPG provider network comprises doctoral and master’s level psychologists, marriage and family therapists, professional counselors, and social workers. Benefits include online and in-person therapy options, night and weekend availability, and most insurance plans accepted. Additionally, our knowledgeable and helpful support staff are available to answer your questions or help with anything you might need at any point along the therapy journey.
(847) 243-6594 View (847) 243-6594
Photo of Alison Koehler, Counselor in Gurnee, IL
Alison Koehler
Counselor, LCPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Gurnee, IL 60031
As a psychotherapist, my approach with clients is very down to earth. Not all clients and problems are the same which is why I tend to be a bit more eclectic in style. Life is stressful and filled with enormous challenges; our strength is put to the test daily. We all face dilemmas in our personal and professional lives often causing conflict in ourselves and our relationships. What is often most comforting is knowing that we are not alone. Through the course of therapy, I have one objective: to reach your goals together.
As a psychotherapist, my approach with clients is very down to earth. Not all clients and problems are the same which is why I tend to be a bit more eclectic in style. Life is stressful and filled with enormous challenges; our strength is put to the test daily. We all face dilemmas in our personal and professional lives often causing conflict in ourselves and our relationships. What is often most comforting is knowing that we are not alone. Through the course of therapy, I have one objective: to reach your goals together.
(847) 786-2047 View (847) 786-2047
Photo of Robert Cashen, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Gurnee, IL
Robert Cashen
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Gurnee, IL 60031  (Online Only)
I am celebrating my 33rd year as a therapist. I work with clients to create the lives they want by building upon their strengths and helping them eliminate internalized shame so that they can free themselves of emotional pain. I especially enjoy helping young adults heal past trauma for a happier, healthier present and future. I have a caring, authentic and compassionate approach. I create a safe and nurturing space to help clients develop the power that they already possess to heal themselves and gain meaning and understanding while walking on their unique journey.
I am celebrating my 33rd year as a therapist. I work with clients to create the lives they want by building upon their strengths and helping them eliminate internalized shame so that they can free themselves of emotional pain. I especially enjoy helping young adults heal past trauma for a happier, healthier present and future. I have a caring, authentic and compassionate approach. I create a safe and nurturing space to help clients develop the power that they already possess to heal themselves and gain meaning and understanding while walking on their unique journey.
(224) 676-9800 x27 View (224) 676-9800 x27

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Gurnee, IL

100+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in Gurnee, IL who prioritize treating:

94% Depression
93% Anxiety
80% Self Esteem
73% Relationship Issues
72% Coping Skills
69% Grief
67% Stress

Average years in practice

15 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

97% BlueCross and BlueShield
69% Aetna
57% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in Gurnee, IL see their clients

83% In Person and Online
17% Online Only

Gender breakdown

75% Female
24% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Gurnee?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.