Therapists in Forest Park, IL

Photo of Sara V Loredo, Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor in Forest Park, IL
Sara V Loredo
Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor, LCPC, CADC, CCTP-II
Verified
1 Endorsed
Forest Park, IL 60130
I believe the key to navigating life stressors is strength and a willingness to seek wellness. My goal is to guide you towards living life based on your self-defined core values. I am dedicated to fostering a safe and comfortable environment through humor, with a highly personalized and collaborative approach needed to address underlying issues. Through a multicultural and inclusive lens, I create a space that promotes healing and honors your personal experiences. Using the tools learned from our work together, you would build readiness to complete treatment services and be equipped to carry on a meaningful life.
I believe the key to navigating life stressors is strength and a willingness to seek wellness. My goal is to guide you towards living life based on your self-defined core values. I am dedicated to fostering a safe and comfortable environment through humor, with a highly personalized and collaborative approach needed to address underlying issues. Through a multicultural and inclusive lens, I create a space that promotes healing and honors your personal experiences. Using the tools learned from our work together, you would build readiness to complete treatment services and be equipped to carry on a meaningful life.
(773) 234-0423 View (773) 234-0423
Photo of David Walker, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Forest Park, IL
David Walker
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Forest Park, IL 60130  (Online Only)
Looking for a warm, safe and accepting space to process your life experiences and develop a plan to achieve your desired outcomes? My name is David Walker and I am an experienced Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW). When engaging in the therapy relationship, my work has been grounded in supporting Black, Indigenous, and people of color, the LGBTQIA+ community, and other intersectional identities. I have worked in addressing concerns related to: discrimination from the criminal justice system, racial and societal injustices, anger, substance use, trauma, self-image and self-esteem, changes in life, relationship concerns, healing
Looking for a warm, safe and accepting space to process your life experiences and develop a plan to achieve your desired outcomes? My name is David Walker and I am an experienced Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW). When engaging in the therapy relationship, my work has been grounded in supporting Black, Indigenous, and people of color, the LGBTQIA+ community, and other intersectional identities. I have worked in addressing concerns related to: discrimination from the criminal justice system, racial and societal injustices, anger, substance use, trauma, self-image and self-esteem, changes in life, relationship concerns, healing
(708) 315-6731 View (708) 315-6731
Photo of Brittany Yelnick, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Forest Park, IL
Brittany Yelnick
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Forest Park, IL 60130  (Online Only)
Hello! I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker based out of Illinois. I have experience working with individuals who face challenges with their mental health for the past 10 years. I enjoy serving a diverse range of clients and tailoring my expertise to address individual needs and challenges.
Hello! I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker based out of Illinois. I have experience working with individuals who face challenges with their mental health for the past 10 years. I enjoy serving a diverse range of clients and tailoring my expertise to address individual needs and challenges.
(708) 316-9167 View (708) 316-9167
Photo of Nicole Sonnefeldt, Licensed Professional Counselor in Forest Park, IL
Nicole Sonnefeldt
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Forest Park, IL 60130
Waitlist for new clients
I enjoy providing therapy for adults and couples, including LGBTQ+ and non-monogamous couples. I am poly, sex work, and kink - allied and -informed. I identify as a feminist trauma-informed therapist and am EMDR Trained, although I integrate many modalities depending on each client's unique personality and needs. I am a Gottman Level 1 Certified Couple's Therapist and utilize what I learn while working with couples to help individuals experiencing relational issues. My experience includes working with people with anxiety disorders, OCD, PTSD, workplace issues and discrimination, spiritual concerns, and relationship issues.
I enjoy providing therapy for adults and couples, including LGBTQ+ and non-monogamous couples. I am poly, sex work, and kink - allied and -informed. I identify as a feminist trauma-informed therapist and am EMDR Trained, although I integrate many modalities depending on each client's unique personality and needs. I am a Gottman Level 1 Certified Couple's Therapist and utilize what I learn while working with couples to help individuals experiencing relational issues. My experience includes working with people with anxiety disorders, OCD, PTSD, workplace issues and discrimination, spiritual concerns, and relationship issues.
(708) 726-4742 View (708) 726-4742
Photo of Yesenia Romo, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Forest Park, IL
Yesenia Romo
Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Verified
Forest Park, IL 60130
Hello, I’m Yesenia Romo, LCSW, founder of Forward Momentum Counseling. I'm a bilingual (English/Spanish) Licensed Clinical Social Worker with over 25 years of experience providing counseling services to individuals who are struggling with depression, and anxiety, due to life transitions, career decisions, and relationship issues. If you are ready for change, I'm ready to support you.
Hello, I’m Yesenia Romo, LCSW, founder of Forward Momentum Counseling. I'm a bilingual (English/Spanish) Licensed Clinical Social Worker with over 25 years of experience providing counseling services to individuals who are struggling with depression, and anxiety, due to life transitions, career decisions, and relationship issues. If you are ready for change, I'm ready to support you.
(708) 419-3920 View (708) 419-3920
Photo of Jacquelyn (Jacqui) Weiner-O'Shea, Marriage & Family Therapist in Forest Park, IL
Jacquelyn (Jacqui) Weiner-O'Shea
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, LPC, CGCS-CA, NCC
Verified
Forest Park, IL 60130  (Online Only)
Hello, I appreciate you wanting to find out more about me, and how I might be able to help you. Simply put, I listen well. I respect that you can speak for yourself and I understand the impact of trauma. I believe that the strength of the family unit is key to each member thriving. You may need to be heard, repair relationships, heal from being hurt and hurting others, or explore new ways of communicating. Facing fears and difficult decisions takes courage. Building better communication and stronger relationships takes time and effort. So, where to start? We can meet, and then you can decide if you feel comfortable with me.
Hello, I appreciate you wanting to find out more about me, and how I might be able to help you. Simply put, I listen well. I respect that you can speak for yourself and I understand the impact of trauma. I believe that the strength of the family unit is key to each member thriving. You may need to be heard, repair relationships, heal from being hurt and hurting others, or explore new ways of communicating. Facing fears and difficult decisions takes courage. Building better communication and stronger relationships takes time and effort. So, where to start? We can meet, and then you can decide if you feel comfortable with me.
(708) 249-3835 View (708) 249-3835
Photo of Alif Muhammad, Licensed Professional Counselor in Forest Park, IL
Alif Muhammad
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, NCC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Forest Park, IL 60130
Our journey in life can sometimes burn us out and make us feel hollow. It can leave us wondering about our worth and purpose in life. That's why it's so important to find a therapist who will always respect you and guide you back to the person you truly are.
Our journey in life can sometimes burn us out and make us feel hollow. It can leave us wondering about our worth and purpose in life. That's why it's so important to find a therapist who will always respect you and guide you back to the person you truly are.
(312) 471-0341 View (312) 471-0341
Photo of Therese M. Fitzpatrick, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Forest Park, IL
Therese M. Fitzpatrick
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified
Forest Park, IL 60130
Participation in mental health counseling is one of the greatest gifts a person can give himself or herself, at anytime, but especially during times of stress. The opportunity to meet with a therapist and explore troubling issues in a safe, compassionate, and nonjudgemental environment is an immediate stress reliever. The support and encouragement that I can provide will assist you with learning new strategies to cope with what is troubling you in your life.
Participation in mental health counseling is one of the greatest gifts a person can give himself or herself, at anytime, but especially during times of stress. The opportunity to meet with a therapist and explore troubling issues in a safe, compassionate, and nonjudgemental environment is an immediate stress reliever. The support and encouragement that I can provide will assist you with learning new strategies to cope with what is troubling you in your life.
(708) 572-7399 View (708) 572-7399
Photo of Jamie L. Hayden, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Forest Park, IL
Jamie L. Hayden, LCSW
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, PMH-C
Verified
Forest Park, IL 60130  (Online Only)
I believe it is a privilege to be involved during challenging times. I anticipate learning and growing as a result of working alongside you. I consider myself a guide; I provide a compassionate environment that fosters open communication. We focus on increasing self understanding which is paramount in manufacturing peace within our unique and complex environments. My therapeutic design is to focus on strengths and goals, while sifting through the many layers that make us who we are today. Together we’ll uncover practical strategies for emotional and mental wellness.
I believe it is a privilege to be involved during challenging times. I anticipate learning and growing as a result of working alongside you. I consider myself a guide; I provide a compassionate environment that fosters open communication. We focus on increasing self understanding which is paramount in manufacturing peace within our unique and complex environments. My therapeutic design is to focus on strengths and goals, while sifting through the many layers that make us who we are today. Together we’ll uncover practical strategies for emotional and mental wellness.
(630) 948-8627 View (630) 948-8627
Photo of Maya Joseph-Brooks, Marriage & Family Therapist in Forest Park, IL
Maya Joseph-Brooks
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Forest Park, IL 60130
I am a relational therapist who works with individuals, couples, and families. I create a warm and accepting space for you to share your issues and help develop a vision of your desired outcome with a plan for how to achieve it. I help identify what's getting in the way of you having the life you want and provide support as you experiment with making changes as you are ready. I focus on behavioral changes first and move to insight and family of origin work as needed. Feel free to call me to discuss your needs (708) 808-3654.
I am a relational therapist who works with individuals, couples, and families. I create a warm and accepting space for you to share your issues and help develop a vision of your desired outcome with a plan for how to achieve it. I help identify what's getting in the way of you having the life you want and provide support as you experiment with making changes as you are ready. I focus on behavioral changes first and move to insight and family of origin work as needed. Feel free to call me to discuss your needs (708) 808-3654.
(708) 808-3654 View (708) 808-3654
Photo of Susannah Weinberg, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Forest Park, IL
Susannah Weinberg
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Forest Park, IL 60130
I believe that it takes a lot of strength and courage to ask for help. If you are ready to take the next steps to improve your quality of life, please reach out to me to schedule a free 15-minute consultation to see if I’m the right clinician to support you on your journey. I am a solution focused therapist and use a strength-based approach in my practice. While I believe that processing past trauma and experiences can be an important part of recovery, I am here to meet you where you are right now to help focus on your goals for the future.
I believe that it takes a lot of strength and courage to ask for help. If you are ready to take the next steps to improve your quality of life, please reach out to me to schedule a free 15-minute consultation to see if I’m the right clinician to support you on your journey. I am a solution focused therapist and use a strength-based approach in my practice. While I believe that processing past trauma and experiences can be an important part of recovery, I am here to meet you where you are right now to help focus on your goals for the future.
(708) 740-2746 View (708) 740-2746
Photo of Suzanne Muirheid, Counselor in Forest Park, IL
Suzanne Muirheid
Counselor, LCPC, CADC, CCTP-II
Verified
7 Endorsed
Forest Park, IL 60130
Seeking a therapist is a positive step in your pursuit to feel better. As a trauma-informed therapist, I understand that trauma does not discriminate and may present in several different forms. Research has shown that both “big T” (a single, terrible event) and “little t” trauma (daily stressors) can block the brain’s ability to process distressing events and have a profoundly negative impact on emotional, psychological, physical and spiritual well-being. Both of these types of traumas can lead to depression, anxiety, low self-esteem, addiction, phobias, relationship issues, post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or more.
Seeking a therapist is a positive step in your pursuit to feel better. As a trauma-informed therapist, I understand that trauma does not discriminate and may present in several different forms. Research has shown that both “big T” (a single, terrible event) and “little t” trauma (daily stressors) can block the brain’s ability to process distressing events and have a profoundly negative impact on emotional, psychological, physical and spiritual well-being. Both of these types of traumas can lead to depression, anxiety, low self-esteem, addiction, phobias, relationship issues, post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or more.
(773) 234-0423 View (773) 234-0423
Photo of Kelley Brown, Licensed Professional Counselor in Forest Park, IL
Kelley Brown
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Forest Park, IL 60130
Kelley Brown is a Licensed Professional Counselor in Illinois with experience in both the clinical mental health field and school counseling field. Kelley supports clients in uncovering and breaking through life's obstacles and challenges to embrace and experience being their best self. Her goal is to mobilize her clients to have self-growth and self-agency through focusing on one's strengths, finding solutions to life's challenges, and supporting in altering one's perspective to uncover the lessons in all stages of life.
Kelley Brown is a Licensed Professional Counselor in Illinois with experience in both the clinical mental health field and school counseling field. Kelley supports clients in uncovering and breaking through life's obstacles and challenges to embrace and experience being their best self. Her goal is to mobilize her clients to have self-growth and self-agency through focusing on one's strengths, finding solutions to life's challenges, and supporting in altering one's perspective to uncover the lessons in all stages of life.
(708) 998-4138 View (708) 998-4138
Photo of Leslie Frame-Crowley, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Forest Park, IL
Leslie Frame-Crowley
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LSW
Forest Park, IL 60130
Leslie Frame-Crowley is a Licensed Social Worker in Illinois who has been practicing since 2019. She graduated from Simmons University in Boston. Leslie approaches the therapeutic relationship from a client-centered perspective, believing that the client is the expert of their experience. Being a social worker, Leslie also maintains a person-in-environment perspective, meaning we are shaped by and always affecting the ecosystems of which we are a part. In her spare time, Leslie enjoys walking, socializing, community-making, writing, performance art, and exploring her hometown of Chicago.
Leslie Frame-Crowley is a Licensed Social Worker in Illinois who has been practicing since 2019. She graduated from Simmons University in Boston. Leslie approaches the therapeutic relationship from a client-centered perspective, believing that the client is the expert of their experience. Being a social worker, Leslie also maintains a person-in-environment perspective, meaning we are shaped by and always affecting the ecosystems of which we are a part. In her spare time, Leslie enjoys walking, socializing, community-making, writing, performance art, and exploring her hometown of Chicago.
(708) 742-7823 View (708) 742-7823
Photo of Deborah L Borman, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Forest Park, IL
Deborah L Borman
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, JD, LCSW
Verified
Forest Park, IL 60130
Adult life is complex, full of many responsibilities and accompanying stressors. Difficulties balancing work and home, communicating with others, tensions between relationships and personal goals and achievements. These complex feelings can lead to anxiety, depression, and feeling overwhelmed. I work with adults in all career settings and relationships, as well as with young adults transitioning from adolescence to college and navigating steep life changes. Together we will examine your early life experiences for insight into who you are and to shape your personal values toward realizing contentment.
Adult life is complex, full of many responsibilities and accompanying stressors. Difficulties balancing work and home, communicating with others, tensions between relationships and personal goals and achievements. These complex feelings can lead to anxiety, depression, and feeling overwhelmed. I work with adults in all career settings and relationships, as well as with young adults transitioning from adolescence to college and navigating steep life changes. Together we will examine your early life experiences for insight into who you are and to shape your personal values toward realizing contentment.
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Photo of Carrie Shalosky, Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor in Forest Park, IL
Carrie Shalosky
Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor, LPCC
Verified
Forest Park, IL 60130
My theoretical orientation is a holistic and diversified approach based on current research, best practice, and evidence-based treatment. I value integrating the total well-being of the individual to assist in accessing their greatest potential for change and sense of purpose. I understand that individuals and their situations are unique, and my counseling methodology is responsive to the personal needs and learning styles of the client.
My theoretical orientation is a holistic and diversified approach based on current research, best practice, and evidence-based treatment. I value integrating the total well-being of the individual to assist in accessing their greatest potential for change and sense of purpose. I understand that individuals and their situations are unique, and my counseling methodology is responsive to the personal needs and learning styles of the client.
(708) 286-5800 View (708) 286-5800
Photo of Winona Desarmes, Marriage & Family Therapist in Forest Park, IL
Winona Desarmes
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, ALMFT
Forest Park, IL 60130
Winona Desarmes is an Associate Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist in Illinois. She has a Master's of Science in Marriage and Family Counseling/Therapy. Winona is experienced in working with a range of issues including mental health disorders, substance use, family concerns, autism spectrum disorders, grief, trauma, and couple's conflicts. She specializes in working with families and couples. Winona is trained in Cognitive Behavior, Dialectical Behavior, Solution Focused, Structural and Systematic therapy. Before LifeStance, Winona was working in a program for substance abuse as a couple and family therapist.
Winona Desarmes is an Associate Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist in Illinois. She has a Master's of Science in Marriage and Family Counseling/Therapy. Winona is experienced in working with a range of issues including mental health disorders, substance use, family concerns, autism spectrum disorders, grief, trauma, and couple's conflicts. She specializes in working with families and couples. Winona is trained in Cognitive Behavior, Dialectical Behavior, Solution Focused, Structural and Systematic therapy. Before LifeStance, Winona was working in a program for substance abuse as a couple and family therapist.
(708) 627-9463 View (708) 627-9463
Photo of Jennifer Zerfowski, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Forest Park, IL
Jennifer Zerfowski
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Forest Park, IL 60130
My approach to therapy is not always your traditional approach. I utilize many evidence-based therapy modalities while also making our time together interesting and fun. Many times deep healing work can occur without even realizing it. You may find yourself feeling an array of emotions from crying to laughing as we work together. I believe that there is deep healing power in laughter.
My approach to therapy is not always your traditional approach. I utilize many evidence-based therapy modalities while also making our time together interesting and fun. Many times deep healing work can occur without even realizing it. You may find yourself feeling an array of emotions from crying to laughing as we work together. I believe that there is deep healing power in laughter.
(708) 419-4738 View (708) 419-4738
Photo of Robert Bender, Pre-Licensed Professional in Forest Park, IL
Robert Bender
Pre-Licensed Professional, LCSW
Verified
Forest Park, IL 60130
Rob Bender, LCSW, CADC, helps clients experience immediate and sustained relief, improved mood, and enhanced performance. He supports children, adolescents and adults with identifying and building on strengths. Rob received an undergraduate degree from Illinois Benedictine and an MSW from Aurora University. He has over 20 years of experience in corporate therapy, private practice, schools, and juvenile probation. In addition to his counseling experience, Rob served as an adjunct professor for graduate and undergraduate clinical programs at Aurora University. In therapy, Rob specializes in a strength-based, solution-focused approach.
Rob Bender, LCSW, CADC, helps clients experience immediate and sustained relief, improved mood, and enhanced performance. He supports children, adolescents and adults with identifying and building on strengths. Rob received an undergraduate degree from Illinois Benedictine and an MSW from Aurora University. He has over 20 years of experience in corporate therapy, private practice, schools, and juvenile probation. In addition to his counseling experience, Rob served as an adjunct professor for graduate and undergraduate clinical programs at Aurora University. In therapy, Rob specializes in a strength-based, solution-focused approach.
(708) 627-2338 View (708) 627-2338
Photo of Mario Raines, Pre-Licensed Professional in Forest Park, IL
Mario Raines
Pre-Licensed Professional, LSW
Verified
Forest Park, IL 60130
Note that prior to the first session taking place with the provider, LifeStance will require a credit card on file. LifeStance providers do not accept Medicare or Medicaid insurance. If booking with these, you will be unable to be seen. Based in Oak Park, IL, Mr. Mario Raines is a psychotherapist. He is currently associated with LifeStance Health - Illinois. He is well-equipped to provide treatments for various conditions and welcomes patients of all ages. Mr. Raines completed his master's degree in social work at Dominican University.
Note that prior to the first session taking place with the provider, LifeStance will require a credit card on file. LifeStance providers do not accept Medicare or Medicaid insurance. If booking with these, you will be unable to be seen. Based in Oak Park, IL, Mr. Mario Raines is a psychotherapist. He is currently associated with LifeStance Health - Illinois. He is well-equipped to provide treatments for various conditions and welcomes patients of all ages. Mr. Raines completed his master's degree in social work at Dominican University.
(708) 401-6366 View (708) 401-6366

See more therapy options for Forest Park

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Forest Park, IL

80+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in Forest Park, IL who prioritize treating:

96% Anxiety
95% Depression
84% Relationship Issues
70% Trauma and PTSD
65% Grief
63% Coping Skills
63% Self Esteem

Average years in practice

13 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

94% BlueCross and BlueShield
57% Cigna and Evernorth
53% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in Forest Park, IL see their clients

81% In Person and Online
19% Online Only

Gender breakdown

80% Female
20% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Forest Park?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.