Therapists in East Saint Louis, IL

Photo of Mark Lee Robinson, Pastoral Counselor in East Saint Louis, IL
Mark Lee Robinson
Pastoral Counselor, DMin, AAPC
Verified
1 Endorsed
East Saint Louis, IL 62205
You are troubled by some aspects of your significant relationships and are motivated to improve them even if it means having to change yourself and what you are doing in those relationships. You know that sometimes your reactions to events around you are too little or too big for what the situation calls for. You want to know your own feelings better, but more than that, you want to make choices that will get you what you need without them being at the expense of others.
You are troubled by some aspects of your significant relationships and are motivated to improve them even if it means having to change yourself and what you are doing in those relationships. You know that sometimes your reactions to events around you are too little or too big for what the situation calls for. You want to know your own feelings better, but more than that, you want to make choices that will get you what you need without them being at the expense of others.
(314) 238-8959 View (314) 238-8959
Photo of Dr. Ed Muldrow, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in East Saint Louis, IL
Dr. Ed Muldrow
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, PhD, LCSW
Verified
East Saint Louis, IL 62205  (Online Only)
Welcome! I'm Dr Ed-Ph.D Diplomate in Clinical Social Work with LifeStance Health. In today's multicultural society, I provide a safe space for individuals to explore their values, strengths and feeling supported. With a national 4.6 rating and over 60+ positive reviews on HealthGrades, United, Aetna, Cigna, I've earned the trust and appreciation of those I've had the privilege to work with. My therapeutic focus extends to adults, families, single parents, teens dealing with feelings of rejection, hope shaken, grief, anxiety, including the adult male voice in families, relationships, and balancing family-life-work stressors. Welcome!
Welcome! I'm Dr Ed-Ph.D Diplomate in Clinical Social Work with LifeStance Health. In today's multicultural society, I provide a safe space for individuals to explore their values, strengths and feeling supported. With a national 4.6 rating and over 60+ positive reviews on HealthGrades, United, Aetna, Cigna, I've earned the trust and appreciation of those I've had the privilege to work with. My therapeutic focus extends to adults, families, single parents, teens dealing with feelings of rejection, hope shaken, grief, anxiety, including the adult male voice in families, relationships, and balancing family-life-work stressors. Welcome!
(346) 291-1897 View (346) 291-1897
Photo of Jessika Gray-Ross, Licensed Professional Counselor in East Saint Louis, IL
Jessika Gray-Ross
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, NCC
Verified
1 Endorsed
East Saint Louis, IL 62205
Greetings! I've been in the helping profession for over 10 years and the journey has been both personally and professionally rewarding! I have experience working with people from all different backgrounds who are struggling with a wide variety of challenges. My counseling style focuses on building a trusting, authentic therapeutic relationship, creating a judgment-free space for clients to explore life challenges and relationships. I am committed to helping you reach your goals in therapy and I look forward to encouraging you every step of the way!
Greetings! I've been in the helping profession for over 10 years and the journey has been both personally and professionally rewarding! I have experience working with people from all different backgrounds who are struggling with a wide variety of challenges. My counseling style focuses on building a trusting, authentic therapeutic relationship, creating a judgment-free space for clients to explore life challenges and relationships. I am committed to helping you reach your goals in therapy and I look forward to encouraging you every step of the way!
(855) 656-0838 View (855) 656-0838
Photo of Ashanti Muhammad-Pittman, Counselor in East Saint Louis, IL
Ashanti Muhammad-Pittman
Counselor, LCPC, CRC
Verified
2 Endorsed
East Saint Louis, IL 62201  (Online Only)
Hi! I am Ashanti, a warm and genuine person with a passion to see her clients grow and replenish their mental wellness. Maybe you feel stuck, with no clear goals for your future. Or maybe you don’t feel supported in your relationships. Perhaps you just want to continue to check in on yourself and maintain your mental wellness. I am here to support you in creating true and lasting change, so you can live your most authentic and empowered life. I believe that therapy should be a safe non-judgmental space where you can explore your complete self and become confident in who you are and your well-being.
Hi! I am Ashanti, a warm and genuine person with a passion to see her clients grow and replenish their mental wellness. Maybe you feel stuck, with no clear goals for your future. Or maybe you don’t feel supported in your relationships. Perhaps you just want to continue to check in on yourself and maintain your mental wellness. I am here to support you in creating true and lasting change, so you can live your most authentic and empowered life. I believe that therapy should be a safe non-judgmental space where you can explore your complete self and become confident in who you are and your well-being.
(618) 226-4375 View (618) 226-4375
Photo of Jocelyn Acoff, Counselor in East Saint Louis, IL
Jocelyn Acoff
Counselor, MA, LCPC
Verified
2 Endorsed
East Saint Louis, IL 62203  (Online Only)
Are you struggling with accomplishing your life goals or feeling stuck? I offer confidential individual psychotherapy sessions to adult, young adults, and teens 13 or older who are struggling with anxiety, depression, psychotic mental health diagnoses, grief and many other life issues.
Are you struggling with accomplishing your life goals or feeling stuck? I offer confidential individual psychotherapy sessions to adult, young adults, and teens 13 or older who are struggling with anxiety, depression, psychotic mental health diagnoses, grief and many other life issues.
(618) 226-2253 View (618) 226-2253

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Tiffany R. Hislope, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in East Saint Louis, IL
Tiffany R. Hislope
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Swansea, IL 62226
Navigating through the various stages of life can be challenging; especially when you are struggling with feelings of worthlessness, hopelessness, and having anxious thoughts. Pressure from family, social media and relationship issues can also be challenging. Let me help guide you through this difficult period in your life.
Navigating through the various stages of life can be challenging; especially when you are struggling with feelings of worthlessness, hopelessness, and having anxious thoughts. Pressure from family, social media and relationship issues can also be challenging. Let me help guide you through this difficult period in your life.
(708) 295-3820 View (708) 295-3820
Photo of Dr. Eleni Malamis, Psychologist in East Saint Louis, IL
Dr. Eleni Malamis
Psychologist, PsyD, MA
Verified
Granite City, IL 62040
I am a licensed clinical psychologist who offers professional yet warm and caring help to those struggling with life's challenges. I have devoted my clinical work to assisting adult individuals with a broad spectrum of concerns. Specifically, I enjoy working with individuals in the following areas: depression, anxiety, substance abuse, life transitions, low self-esteem, communication, and relationship concerns.
I am a licensed clinical psychologist who offers professional yet warm and caring help to those struggling with life's challenges. I have devoted my clinical work to assisting adult individuals with a broad spectrum of concerns. Specifically, I enjoy working with individuals in the following areas: depression, anxiety, substance abuse, life transitions, low self-esteem, communication, and relationship concerns.
(217) 339-3510 View (217) 339-3510
Photo of Turquois White, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in East Saint Louis, IL
Turquois White
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Swansea, IL 62226
Hi, my name is Turquois White, and I am a Licensed Social Worker for clients struggling with anxiety, depression, grief and loss, aging, suicidal ideation, non-suicidal self-injury, crisis intervention, mood disorders, life transitions, Veteran related issues such as adjustment disorder, and more. I also have experience with working with Department of Children and Family Services, Department on Aging and Veteran’s Affair. As a Licensed Social Worker, my goal is to help you take the pieces of your story and find wholeness. I have some understanding in knowing that life could be fragile and sometimes unpredictable.
Hi, my name is Turquois White, and I am a Licensed Social Worker for clients struggling with anxiety, depression, grief and loss, aging, suicidal ideation, non-suicidal self-injury, crisis intervention, mood disorders, life transitions, Veteran related issues such as adjustment disorder, and more. I also have experience with working with Department of Children and Family Services, Department on Aging and Veteran’s Affair. As a Licensed Social Worker, my goal is to help you take the pieces of your story and find wholeness. I have some understanding in knowing that life could be fragile and sometimes unpredictable.
(618) 602-0663 View (618) 602-0663
Photo of Ariana Brown, Licensed Professional Counselor in East Saint Louis, IL
Ariana Brown
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, NCC
Verified
2 Endorsed
Swansea, IL 62226
I work with adults experiencing anxiety, depression, interpersonal relationship difficulties, stress management issues, life transitions, and self-esteem issues. I also enjoy working with LGBTQIA+ clients regarding topics such as transitioning, coming out, and dealing with discrimination and stigma.
I work with adults experiencing anxiety, depression, interpersonal relationship difficulties, stress management issues, life transitions, and self-esteem issues. I also enjoy working with LGBTQIA+ clients regarding topics such as transitioning, coming out, and dealing with discrimination and stigma.
(844) 959-1575 View (844) 959-1575
Photo of Erin Frailey, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in East Saint Louis, IL
Erin Frailey
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Belleville, IL 62223
It is important for individuals to feel empowered in their everyday lives, feeling confident they can move forward working towards their goals. Each individual is different. I aid in helping identify strengths and positive qualities that make each individual unique. I encourage individuals to be the best version of themselves, providing support when barriers present themselves. Life cannot always be perfect, but the right attitude and outlook can go a long way. I work primarily with adults 18 and older addressing issues including depression, anxiety, life adjustment issues, marital issues, grief, stress management, self-esteem, and overall balance and wellness.
It is important for individuals to feel empowered in their everyday lives, feeling confident they can move forward working towards their goals. Each individual is different. I aid in helping identify strengths and positive qualities that make each individual unique. I encourage individuals to be the best version of themselves, providing support when barriers present themselves. Life cannot always be perfect, but the right attitude and outlook can go a long way. I work primarily with adults 18 and older addressing issues including depression, anxiety, life adjustment issues, marital issues, grief, stress management, self-esteem, and overall balance and wellness.
(618) 791-0759 View (618) 791-0759
Photo of Mary Jo Brunhaver, MA, LCPC, Counselor in East Saint Louis, IL
Mary Jo Brunhaver, MA, LCPC
Counselor, MA, LCPC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Fairview Heights, IL 62208  (Online Only)
I am licensed clinical professional counselor with years of experience working in community counseling mental health facilities and in private practice. I have an extensive background working with clients who are living with mental illnesses, such as: mood disorders, anxiety disorders, attention deficit disorders, personality disorders, clients with mood dysregulation issues, problematic thought processes, and behavioral issues. I have also worked with clients that are merely going through a difficult transition in life.
I am licensed clinical professional counselor with years of experience working in community counseling mental health facilities and in private practice. I have an extensive background working with clients who are living with mental illnesses, such as: mood disorders, anxiety disorders, attention deficit disorders, personality disorders, clients with mood dysregulation issues, problematic thought processes, and behavioral issues. I have also worked with clients that are merely going through a difficult transition in life.
(618) 710-4033 View (618) 710-4033
Photo of Nicole Schaeffer, Licensed Professional Counselor in East Saint Louis, IL
Nicole Schaeffer
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified
Fairview Heights, IL 62208  (Online Only)
Therapy provides an opportunity to process, grow, and heal from various challenges in life. Everyone can benefit from support, especially during tough and trying times. Many individuals will prioritize other’s needs before their own. There is no better time to start therapy than today.
Therapy provides an opportunity to process, grow, and heal from various challenges in life. Everyone can benefit from support, especially during tough and trying times. Many individuals will prioritize other’s needs before their own. There is no better time to start therapy than today.
(618) 243-7665 View (618) 243-7665
Photo of Nadiah Sabrah, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in East Saint Louis, IL
Nadiah Sabrah
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Swansea, IL 62226
My Experience Enables Me To Provide Outpatient, Individualized, & Psychological Care For Ages 6+. I Have Been Providing Direct Care Including Individual, Group, Family, & Couple Counseling In Variety Of Settings To Children, Adolescents, & Adults. I Have Experience In Assessing & Treating Several Mental Health Disorders & Behavioral Health Needs Including Anger, Grief, Depression, Anxiety, Mood, Trauma Related, Co-occurring & Personality Disorders. I Utilize A Holistic Approach With Focus On Your Goals & What You Need. I Am Trained In Client Centered Counseling, TF-CBT, CBT, Mindfulness, SPARCS, CBITS, & Supervision.
My Experience Enables Me To Provide Outpatient, Individualized, & Psychological Care For Ages 6+. I Have Been Providing Direct Care Including Individual, Group, Family, & Couple Counseling In Variety Of Settings To Children, Adolescents, & Adults. I Have Experience In Assessing & Treating Several Mental Health Disorders & Behavioral Health Needs Including Anger, Grief, Depression, Anxiety, Mood, Trauma Related, Co-occurring & Personality Disorders. I Utilize A Holistic Approach With Focus On Your Goals & What You Need. I Am Trained In Client Centered Counseling, TF-CBT, CBT, Mindfulness, SPARCS, CBITS, & Supervision.
(618) 205-9493 View (618) 205-9493
Photo of Michelle Yvette McCaskey, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in East Saint Louis, IL
Michelle Yvette McCaskey
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, BSW, MSW, LSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Swansea, IL 62226
My passion involves working with individuals struggling with addiction, co-occurring disorders, trauma, and a variety of other issues. Building a strong rapport and meeting my clients where they are in their mental health journey is one of the foundations of my practice and I believe harm reduction can be a goal for many struggling with a diagnosis. Together, we will work on a treatment plan that is tailored to your issues, needs and goals. Being a Gold Star Daughter inspired me to work in veteran, and Gold Star family communities for 25 years. Teaching Pre K for 9 years was incredibly rewarding.
My passion involves working with individuals struggling with addiction, co-occurring disorders, trauma, and a variety of other issues. Building a strong rapport and meeting my clients where they are in their mental health journey is one of the foundations of my practice and I believe harm reduction can be a goal for many struggling with a diagnosis. Together, we will work on a treatment plan that is tailored to your issues, needs and goals. Being a Gold Star Daughter inspired me to work in veteran, and Gold Star family communities for 25 years. Teaching Pre K for 9 years was incredibly rewarding.
(618) 948-0319 View (618) 948-0319
Photo of Live Well Counseling Services, LLC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in East Saint Louis, IL
Live Well Counseling Services, LLC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Fairview Heights, IL 62208
We work with a variety of clients, and because we are a group practice with diverse experience and niches, we have someone for everyone! Ideal clients for us are those looking for telehealth services or those who are needing services in their home because they are homebound (or seniors living in long-term care communities). We enjoy working with clients are who self-motivated and will work with issues whether they be acute or chronic.
We work with a variety of clients, and because we are a group practice with diverse experience and niches, we have someone for everyone! Ideal clients for us are those looking for telehealth services or those who are needing services in their home because they are homebound (or seniors living in long-term care communities). We enjoy working with clients are who self-motivated and will work with issues whether they be acute or chronic.
(618) 268-3621 View (618) 268-3621
Photo of Rocky Mays, Licensed Professional Counselor in East Saint Louis, IL
Rocky Mays
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC, NCC
Verified
Swansea, IL 62226
Hello, my name is Rocky Mays and I am currently accepting new clients. I have a sliding scale depending on household income ranging from $80-$130. I offer in-person and virtual appointments in the afternoons, evenings, and Saturdays. I specialize in working with teens, adults, parents, veterans, seniors, and couples on a wide range of identified concerns. I am currently a counselor for the Federal Government. My experiences also include working with youth in the justice system, providing clinical services for treatment centers, and working with veterans and their families struggling with various conditions.
Hello, my name is Rocky Mays and I am currently accepting new clients. I have a sliding scale depending on household income ranging from $80-$130. I offer in-person and virtual appointments in the afternoons, evenings, and Saturdays. I specialize in working with teens, adults, parents, veterans, seniors, and couples on a wide range of identified concerns. I am currently a counselor for the Federal Government. My experiences also include working with youth in the justice system, providing clinical services for treatment centers, and working with veterans and their families struggling with various conditions.
(618) 414-9514 View (618) 414-9514
Photo of Simply Graceful Consulting, Licensed Social Worker in East Saint Louis, IL
Simply Graceful Consulting
Licensed Social Worker, LMSW
Verified
Belleville, IL 62223
I'm here to support, encourage, walk with, and extend love to all my beautiful souls who have battled with indecisiveness about making decisions, co-dependency in relationships (Where we depend on others to meet our emotional needs, feel secure, and worthy), negative self-talk, lack boundaries, get stuck in cycles of over-thinking, commit to being loyal at the cost to self, and have a constant relationship with insecurity and low self-esteem. I want to help you learn to trust yourself, love yourself/accept yourself, honor your inner voice, respect and exert your voice, value your time, commit to the importance of meeting your needs.
I'm here to support, encourage, walk with, and extend love to all my beautiful souls who have battled with indecisiveness about making decisions, co-dependency in relationships (Where we depend on others to meet our emotional needs, feel secure, and worthy), negative self-talk, lack boundaries, get stuck in cycles of over-thinking, commit to being loyal at the cost to self, and have a constant relationship with insecurity and low self-esteem. I want to help you learn to trust yourself, love yourself/accept yourself, honor your inner voice, respect and exert your voice, value your time, commit to the importance of meeting your needs.
(618) 227-7345 View (618) 227-7345
Photo of Kendra Walker, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in East Saint Louis, IL
Kendra Walker
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
2 Endorsed
Swansea, IL 62226
Kendra is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker in Illinois and Missouri. She holds a bachelor’s degree in psychology and a master’s degree in social work. Kendra is an EMDR trained therapist; she is also trained in CBT and Solution-Focused Therapy. She has experience working with children diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder, ADHD, Anxiety, Depression, PTSD, and many more. Some of her other specialties include those dealing with suicidal ideations, grief and loss, and anger.
Kendra is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker in Illinois and Missouri. She holds a bachelor’s degree in psychology and a master’s degree in social work. Kendra is an EMDR trained therapist; she is also trained in CBT and Solution-Focused Therapy. She has experience working with children diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder, ADHD, Anxiety, Depression, PTSD, and many more. Some of her other specialties include those dealing with suicidal ideations, grief and loss, and anger.
(618) 620-1766 View (618) 620-1766
Photo of Benjamin E Droney, Licensed Professional Counselor in East Saint Louis, IL
Benjamin E Droney
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LCPC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Belleville, IL 62226  (Online Only)
Life can present many challenges that sometimes can be overwhelming. As a Licensed Counselor my goal is to work with all clients to help them develop the skills needed to live a full and fulfilling life. I work to apply my life experience and counseling knowledge to each individual’s situation with compassion and empathy.
Life can present many challenges that sometimes can be overwhelming. As a Licensed Counselor my goal is to work with all clients to help them develop the skills needed to live a full and fulfilling life. I work to apply my life experience and counseling knowledge to each individual’s situation with compassion and empathy.
(618) 740-4359 View (618) 740-4359
Photo of Carmel D. Brown LCPC, Counselor in East Saint Louis, IL
Carmel D. Brown LCPC
Counselor, MA, LCPC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Fairview Heights, IL 62208  (Online Only)
Each of us experience a unique journey in life. Our life journey presents many challenges and obstacles. At times it is difficult to face this journey alone, especially when you don't have a support system. Therapy is a safe environment for addressing the challenges in life that seem unmanageable. A healthy therapeutic relationship based on genuine acceptance and unconditional positive regard can promote positive change. My goal is to empower you to take charge of your life, discover your purpose, and begin living a life in which you are emotionally, spiritually, and physically healthy. Taking new clients March 1
Each of us experience a unique journey in life. Our life journey presents many challenges and obstacles. At times it is difficult to face this journey alone, especially when you don't have a support system. Therapy is a safe environment for addressing the challenges in life that seem unmanageable. A healthy therapeutic relationship based on genuine acceptance and unconditional positive regard can promote positive change. My goal is to empower you to take charge of your life, discover your purpose, and begin living a life in which you are emotionally, spiritually, and physically healthy. Taking new clients March 1
(618) 717-2732 View (618) 717-2732

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in East Saint Louis, IL

< 10

Therapists in East Saint Louis, IL who prioritize treating:

80% Relationship Issues
80% Anxiety
80% Trauma and PTSD
80% Racial Identity
80% Stress
60% Depression
60% Grief

Average years in practice

5 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% BlueCross and BlueShield
100% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
100% Optum

How Therapists in East Saint Louis, IL see their clients

60% Online Only
40% In Person and Online

Gender breakdown

60% Female
40% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in East Saint Louis?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.