Therapists in Deerfield, IL

Photo of Joshua Donohue, Counselor in Deerfield, IL
Joshua Donohue
Counselor, MA
Verified Verified
Deerfield, IL 60015
I’ve always been curious about people’s journeys – their dreams, their trials, and everything in between. For many years, I found myself engaged in the world of finance, working closely with clients from all walks of life. Yet, there was a common thread that caught my attention – the pivotal role that mental health played in their lives.
I’ve always been curious about people’s journeys – their dreams, their trials, and everything in between. For many years, I found myself engaged in the world of finance, working closely with clients from all walks of life. Yet, there was a common thread that caught my attention – the pivotal role that mental health played in their lives.
(847) 321-7609 View (847) 321-7609
Photo of Jill Maling, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Deerfield, IL
Jill Maling, LCSW
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
Deerfield, IL 60015  (Online Only)
Life is hard. None of us gets through unscathed. There are journeys to take, decisions to make, losses to endure. Sometimes confusion reigns. Sometimes we get stuck ... at work, within personal relationships, with our children. I am passionate about helping people understand themselves better, and figure out how to face their issues. I believe that problems have their roots in the past, and that uncovering the origins of your feelings will allow the healing to begin. Ultimately, it IS possible to feel stronger, improve your sense of Self, deepen relationships and rediscover your sense of well-being and optimism.
Life is hard. None of us gets through unscathed. There are journeys to take, decisions to make, losses to endure. Sometimes confusion reigns. Sometimes we get stuck ... at work, within personal relationships, with our children. I am passionate about helping people understand themselves better, and figure out how to face their issues. I believe that problems have their roots in the past, and that uncovering the origins of your feelings will allow the healing to begin. Ultimately, it IS possible to feel stronger, improve your sense of Self, deepen relationships and rediscover your sense of well-being and optimism.
(847) 607-1701 View (847) 607-1701
Photo of Olga Konyakova, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Deerfield, IL
Olga Konyakova
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, EMDR, CADC
Verified Verified
Deerfield, IL 60015  (Online Only)
Do you feel trapped? Are you stuck in survival mode? You might be burning out, drowning in tasks, having difficulty speaking up for yourself or setting boundaries, growing resentful of your boss, family or partner, and abandoning your self care. Relying on substance use or other addictive behaviors to keep going or just keep your head above water? All you want is some silence, calm, and peace, but life keeps cycling in chaos.
Do you feel trapped? Are you stuck in survival mode? You might be burning out, drowning in tasks, having difficulty speaking up for yourself or setting boundaries, growing resentful of your boss, family or partner, and abandoning your self care. Relying on substance use or other addictive behaviors to keep going or just keep your head above water? All you want is some silence, calm, and peace, but life keeps cycling in chaos.
(847) 220-7825 View (847) 220-7825
Photo of Kasia B Pilewicz, Counselor in Deerfield, IL
Kasia B Pilewicz
Counselor, PhD, LCPC, CADC
Verified Verified
Deerfield, IL 60015
I work with individuals from all walks of life: adults, couples, adolescents, children and families in addressing a variety of challenges such as depression, anxiety, trauma, identity issues, self-esteem, substance abuse, and life transitions (i.e. divorce, immigration, illness), family planning, family relationships, and parenting. I am also experienced in doing mental health and substance abuse evaluations for courts and administrative purposes. My approach to therapy takes on psychodynamic perspective based on the belief that person must attend to the whole self -mind, body, and environment- to achieve understanding and self-realization.
I work with individuals from all walks of life: adults, couples, adolescents, children and families in addressing a variety of challenges such as depression, anxiety, trauma, identity issues, self-esteem, substance abuse, and life transitions (i.e. divorce, immigration, illness), family planning, family relationships, and parenting. I am also experienced in doing mental health and substance abuse evaluations for courts and administrative purposes. My approach to therapy takes on psychodynamic perspective based on the belief that person must attend to the whole self -mind, body, and environment- to achieve understanding and self-realization.
(847) 686-3150 View (847) 686-3150
Photo of North Star Therapy, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Deerfield, IL
North Star Therapy
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Deerfield, IL 60015  (Online Only)
My clients are more than the challenges they are facing, whether it be depression, anxiety, ADHD, life transitions, etc. My clients are people first who are looking for guidance in creating the coping skills necessary for relief and a fulfilling life. It is important to my clients that their therapist truly hear their concerns, needs, and goals, as well as be the person they can be fully transparent. A safe and nurturing setting is created with my clients in order for mutual trust, openness, and respect to emerge. My clients want to see the evolvement of positive changes occur in their lives, as do I.
My clients are more than the challenges they are facing, whether it be depression, anxiety, ADHD, life transitions, etc. My clients are people first who are looking for guidance in creating the coping skills necessary for relief and a fulfilling life. It is important to my clients that their therapist truly hear their concerns, needs, and goals, as well as be the person they can be fully transparent. A safe and nurturing setting is created with my clients in order for mutual trust, openness, and respect to emerge. My clients want to see the evolvement of positive changes occur in their lives, as do I.
(847) 558-1952 View (847) 558-1952
Photo of Kelsey Egan, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Deerfield, IL
Kelsey Egan
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Deerfield, IL 60015  (Online Only)
Hello! My name is Kelsey Egan and I am a child therapist serving the Chicagoland area. I currently work full-time as a school social worker, providing both individual and group therapy for children ages 4-12.
Hello! My name is Kelsey Egan and I am a child therapist serving the Chicagoland area. I currently work full-time as a school social worker, providing both individual and group therapy for children ages 4-12.
(224) 504-1038 View (224) 504-1038
Photo of Samantha K Nusinow- Kolko, Licensed Social Worker in Deerfield, IL
Samantha K Nusinow- Kolko
Licensed Social Worker, LSW
Verified Verified
Deerfield, IL 60015
I understand how mental health can make or break future success. If we don’t take care of our mental health, how can we possibly achieve our own personal goals at our highest potential? When it comes to styles of mental health therapy, there is no cookie-cutter approach for any given individual. I build rapport and provide an inviting, calm, and peaceful environment where my clients can feel safe and secure to share feelings, thoughts, and experiences.
I understand how mental health can make or break future success. If we don’t take care of our mental health, how can we possibly achieve our own personal goals at our highest potential? When it comes to styles of mental health therapy, there is no cookie-cutter approach for any given individual. I build rapport and provide an inviting, calm, and peaceful environment where my clients can feel safe and secure to share feelings, thoughts, and experiences.
(847) 584-1246 View (847) 584-1246
Photo of Megan Gaumond-Oval, Pre-Licensed Professional in Deerfield, IL
Megan Gaumond-Oval
Pre-Licensed Professional, AMFT
Verified Verified
Deerfield, IL 60015
I am an Associate Marriage and Family Therapist. I am here to help you better understand yourself, your relationships, and how you show up in those relationships. I have a warm and collaborative therapeutic style, and use curiosity and compassion to help clients discover new ways of thinking. I work from a strength-based lens to meet clients where they are and support them as they grow. I provide a nonjudgmental and safe therapeutic environment for my clients, and my ultimate goal is for my clients of all identities to feel seen, heard, and understood.
I am an Associate Marriage and Family Therapist. I am here to help you better understand yourself, your relationships, and how you show up in those relationships. I have a warm and collaborative therapeutic style, and use curiosity and compassion to help clients discover new ways of thinking. I work from a strength-based lens to meet clients where they are and support them as they grow. I provide a nonjudgmental and safe therapeutic environment for my clients, and my ultimate goal is for my clients of all identities to feel seen, heard, and understood.
(847) 649-6392 View (847) 649-6392
Photo of Jordyn Meyerson, Licensed Professional Counselor in Deerfield, IL
Jordyn Meyerson
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Deerfield, IL 60015  (Online Only)
My ideal client is someone who doesn’t have all the answers. Let me explain, Many know the presenting problem bringing them to counseling. They can identify this is why I’m here, this is why I’m coming to you. What an ideal client of mine may not know is if someone will understand what there going through, that I will know exactly how to help, or that the I have any experience in what goes through their thoughts and how they feel at all. Maybe there’s a fear of invalidation, of being misunderstood, being rejudged. These are the buildings blocks in a therapeutic plan and healing journey!
My ideal client is someone who doesn’t have all the answers. Let me explain, Many know the presenting problem bringing them to counseling. They can identify this is why I’m here, this is why I’m coming to you. What an ideal client of mine may not know is if someone will understand what there going through, that I will know exactly how to help, or that the I have any experience in what goes through their thoughts and how they feel at all. Maybe there’s a fear of invalidation, of being misunderstood, being rejudged. These are the buildings blocks in a therapeutic plan and healing journey!
(224) 308-1489 View (224) 308-1489
Photo of Janet Robinson, Psychologist in Deerfield, IL
Janet Robinson
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Deerfield, IL 60015
I enjoy working collaboratively with individuals who are looking to make positive changes in their self-esteem, relationships, and effectiveness in the world. I look to help them understand the context in which their unhealthy behavior patterns emerged, and then use this understanding to make practical, lasting improvements. I tailor my therapeutic approach to each client based on their personality, needs, and goals. In my 30 years of practicing, I have seen the life-changing work that can be done by a well-matched therapist and client.
I enjoy working collaboratively with individuals who are looking to make positive changes in their self-esteem, relationships, and effectiveness in the world. I look to help them understand the context in which their unhealthy behavior patterns emerged, and then use this understanding to make practical, lasting improvements. I tailor my therapeutic approach to each client based on their personality, needs, and goals. In my 30 years of practicing, I have seen the life-changing work that can be done by a well-matched therapist and client.
(847) 613-4339 View (847) 613-4339
Photo of Aaron Marsh, Licensed Professional Counselor in Deerfield, IL
Aaron Marsh
Licensed Professional Counselor, LCPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Deerfield, IL 60015  (Online Only)
You know something isn’t right, but you just haven’t been able to figure out how to get to the other side. As a result, you may experience common symptoms of self-doubt, lack of confidence, anger, anxiety, depression, loneliness, or lack of connection to others. At times, do you feel hopeless and/or helpless? Or, are you dealing with issues that are not so serious, and you simply need tools and a little guidance and perspective to get unstuck?
You know something isn’t right, but you just haven’t been able to figure out how to get to the other side. As a result, you may experience common symptoms of self-doubt, lack of confidence, anger, anxiety, depression, loneliness, or lack of connection to others. At times, do you feel hopeless and/or helpless? Or, are you dealing with issues that are not so serious, and you simply need tools and a little guidance and perspective to get unstuck?
(708) 627-9939 View (708) 627-9939
Photo of Dennis A Lubchenko, Counselor in Deerfield, IL
Dennis A Lubchenko
Counselor, LCPC, CADC, PCGC
Verified Verified
17 Endorsed
Deerfield, IL 60015
I have over 20 years of experience as a therapist in the mental health field. I am passionate about helping people overcome their life stressors, past hurts, and to function in a healthier way. I help clients who suffer from mental health disorders, current problems, substance related addictions along with process related addictions (i.e. sex, gambling, shopping). I most frequently use Insight Oriented Therapy, Motivational Interviewing, and Internal Family Systems (IFS) approaches; as well as CBT and DBT when appropriate. I work with adults, adolescents, couples, and family members.
I have over 20 years of experience as a therapist in the mental health field. I am passionate about helping people overcome their life stressors, past hurts, and to function in a healthier way. I help clients who suffer from mental health disorders, current problems, substance related addictions along with process related addictions (i.e. sex, gambling, shopping). I most frequently use Insight Oriented Therapy, Motivational Interviewing, and Internal Family Systems (IFS) approaches; as well as CBT and DBT when appropriate. I work with adults, adolescents, couples, and family members.
(224) 935-4535 View (224) 935-4535
Photo of Larissa Valentino, Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor in Deerfield, IL
Larissa Valentino
Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor, LCPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Deerfield, IL 60015
I am a Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor (LCPC) specializing in the treatment of eating disorders, anxiety, and OCD in adolescents and young adults. After establishing a trusting and collaborative therapeutic relationship, I work with clients to identify and challenge unhelpful thinking patterns, explore and connect with values, and change behaviors by building distress tolerance through approaching anxiety in a supported environment.
I am a Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor (LCPC) specializing in the treatment of eating disorders, anxiety, and OCD in adolescents and young adults. After establishing a trusting and collaborative therapeutic relationship, I work with clients to identify and challenge unhelpful thinking patterns, explore and connect with values, and change behaviors by building distress tolerance through approaching anxiety in a supported environment.
(847) 232-6722 View (847) 232-6722
Photo of Bob Kraft, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Deerfield, IL
Bob Kraft
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MA, LCSW
Verified Verified
Deerfield, IL 60015
Is anxiety stopping you from going after what you want? Anxiety is a feeling that warns an individual to be cautious about moving into an intense challenge. Excessive anxiety can cause you to flee, tense up, or even freeze (which renders you ineffective on the battlefield). As a psychotherapist, I will work with you to: 1) develop awareness about yourself that will enable you to best navigate the world, 2) confront your anxieties so you see that your "dragons" are more mirage than real, 3) develop new perspectives i.e. change the lenses through which you see yourself & the world; drop perspectives that are "shoulds" & status-based.
Is anxiety stopping you from going after what you want? Anxiety is a feeling that warns an individual to be cautious about moving into an intense challenge. Excessive anxiety can cause you to flee, tense up, or even freeze (which renders you ineffective on the battlefield). As a psychotherapist, I will work with you to: 1) develop awareness about yourself that will enable you to best navigate the world, 2) confront your anxieties so you see that your "dragons" are more mirage than real, 3) develop new perspectives i.e. change the lenses through which you see yourself & the world; drop perspectives that are "shoulds" & status-based.
(847) 472-0160 View (847) 472-0160
Photo of Wendy Sabbath, Psychologist in Deerfield, IL
Wendy Sabbath
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Deerfield, IL 60015
My ideal client is someone who is ready to approach their life challenges with an open mind and open heart. With an extensive background in psychodynamic psychotherapy, I am able to offer assessment and treatment from a holistic perspective. My clients are interested in understanding the self more deeply, the origins of their difficulties and putting in the work to improve themselves and their lives.
My ideal client is someone who is ready to approach their life challenges with an open mind and open heart. With an extensive background in psychodynamic psychotherapy, I am able to offer assessment and treatment from a holistic perspective. My clients are interested in understanding the self more deeply, the origins of their difficulties and putting in the work to improve themselves and their lives.
(847) 201-4223 View (847) 201-4223
Photo of Mallory Silberman, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Deerfield, IL
Mallory Silberman
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Deerfield, IL 60015
Are you struggling with constantly feeling as if you are not good enough? You need to change yourself to “fit in,” or be successful? In the world that we live in, there is so much pressure around needing to push ourselves, to change our body, to be overanalyzing food and numbers on the scale. It can be really difficult to figure out how to navigate around the influences from other individuals, and living the life that you actually want to live. Trying to break free from a weight-obsessed world is really challenging. I can help walk alongside you on this journey of healing, and learning who your authentic self really is.
Are you struggling with constantly feeling as if you are not good enough? You need to change yourself to “fit in,” or be successful? In the world that we live in, there is so much pressure around needing to push ourselves, to change our body, to be overanalyzing food and numbers on the scale. It can be really difficult to figure out how to navigate around the influences from other individuals, and living the life that you actually want to live. Trying to break free from a weight-obsessed world is really challenging. I can help walk alongside you on this journey of healing, and learning who your authentic self really is.
(224) 412-3165 View (224) 412-3165
Photo of Kay Segal, Psychologist in Deerfield, IL
Kay Segal
Psychologist, PsyD, DBT-LBC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Deerfield, IL 60015
Chicago DBT Institute at The Center for Mindfulness and Behavior Therapy - DBT-Linehan Board of Certification, Certified Program(tm)- is a specialty clinic that serves teens and adults who are exhibiting self-endangering behaviors and/or emerging or established borderline personality traits, such as depression, anxiety, eating disorders, self-harm, impulsivity, post-traumatic stress, and/or emotional instability. Our scientifically-based interventions incorporate skills to help patients recognize and face their emotions skillfully and overcome the self-destructive coping behaviors that have plagued their lives.
Chicago DBT Institute at The Center for Mindfulness and Behavior Therapy - DBT-Linehan Board of Certification, Certified Program(tm)- is a specialty clinic that serves teens and adults who are exhibiting self-endangering behaviors and/or emerging or established borderline personality traits, such as depression, anxiety, eating disorders, self-harm, impulsivity, post-traumatic stress, and/or emotional instability. Our scientifically-based interventions incorporate skills to help patients recognize and face their emotions skillfully and overcome the self-destructive coping behaviors that have plagued their lives.
(847) 416-2063 View (847) 416-2063
Photo of Pam Schur, Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor in Deerfield, IL
Pam Schur
Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor, LCPC, NCC, GC-C
Verified Verified
Deerfield, IL 60015  (Online Only)
I believe everyone can benefit from counseling because we all have various times in our life when we need someone to listen, support and validate our feelings. Often we can be so close to an issue or concern, and another perspective opens a new window to our world. As a clinician, I work to create a warm, supportive, safe space for my clients to talk, reflect and process their emotions. I understand it takes courage to seek counseling and takes time to build trust.
I believe everyone can benefit from counseling because we all have various times in our life when we need someone to listen, support and validate our feelings. Often we can be so close to an issue or concern, and another perspective opens a new window to our world. As a clinician, I work to create a warm, supportive, safe space for my clients to talk, reflect and process their emotions. I understand it takes courage to seek counseling and takes time to build trust.
(847) 649-6307 View (847) 649-6307
Photo of Allison Ackerman, Psychologist in Deerfield, IL
Allison Ackerman
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Deerfield, IL 60015
Not accepting new clients
My goal is to help people change the ways in which we keep ourselves stuck, unhappy & functioning below our potential. I have extensive training in & use a variety of different approaches/models tailored to the individual(s) and their concerns. I work with people who have intimacy &relationship issues, chronic illness, self-esteem issues, conflicts, pervasive feelings of unhappiness, loneliness, loss, anxiety, depression and/or emptiness, self-defeating patterns or just a general sense of being out of sync with themselves, their feelings & the other people in their world. My style is warm, non-judgmental, empathic & collaborative.
My goal is to help people change the ways in which we keep ourselves stuck, unhappy & functioning below our potential. I have extensive training in & use a variety of different approaches/models tailored to the individual(s) and their concerns. I work with people who have intimacy &relationship issues, chronic illness, self-esteem issues, conflicts, pervasive feelings of unhappiness, loneliness, loss, anxiety, depression and/or emptiness, self-defeating patterns or just a general sense of being out of sync with themselves, their feelings & the other people in their world. My style is warm, non-judgmental, empathic & collaborative.
(847) 978-4338 View (847) 978-4338
Photo of Rachel van Zevenbergen, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Deerfield, IL
Rachel van Zevenbergen
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Deerfield, IL 60015
Not accepting new clients
Hi there! My name is Rachel. As a Licensed Clinical Social Worker, I believe that mental health deserves the same amount of attention and care as any other health concern. I understand that it can be intimidating to take that first step in getting help, but I strive to create a warm, engaging, and non-judgmental environment for my clients and take the time to build trust and rapport so that everybody feels comfortable. I believe that therapy is a partnership and I am confident that I can provide the proper support and guidance to help you develop the tools you need to reach your treatment goals, and ultimately, improve your life.
Hi there! My name is Rachel. As a Licensed Clinical Social Worker, I believe that mental health deserves the same amount of attention and care as any other health concern. I understand that it can be intimidating to take that first step in getting help, but I strive to create a warm, engaging, and non-judgmental environment for my clients and take the time to build trust and rapport so that everybody feels comfortable. I believe that therapy is a partnership and I am confident that I can provide the proper support and guidance to help you develop the tools you need to reach your treatment goals, and ultimately, improve your life.
(773) 869-7002 View (773) 869-7002

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Deerfield, IL

200+

Average cost per session

$170

Therapists in Deerfield, IL who prioritize treating:

93% Anxiety
91% Depression
84% Relationship Issues
82% Self Esteem
71% Coping Skills
68% Grief
66% Stress

Average years in practice

15 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

95% BlueCross and BlueShield
49% Aetna
45% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in Deerfield, IL see their clients

81% In Person and Online
19% Online Only

Gender breakdown

82% Female
17% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Deerfield?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.