Therapists in Cook County, IL

View cities in Cook County
Photo of Crystal Campos, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Cook County, IL
Crystal Campos
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Berwyn, IL 60402  (Online Only)
Change is hard and as we get older we are faced with inevitable changes in life. Those can include a new job, a death in our family, change in careers or even becoming a parent. Life transitions, grief and traumatic experiences can feel overwhelming and can cause a lot of suffering. It can feel especially difficult when we don’t have a support system that helps us feel safe, validate or heard. It is important to be able to build self-compassion and find coping skills that allow us to respond to life’s adversities.
Change is hard and as we get older we are faced with inevitable changes in life. Those can include a new job, a death in our family, change in careers or even becoming a parent. Life transitions, grief and traumatic experiences can feel overwhelming and can cause a lot of suffering. It can feel especially difficult when we don’t have a support system that helps us feel safe, validate or heard. It is important to be able to build self-compassion and find coping skills that allow us to respond to life’s adversities.
(708) 726-3754 View (708) 726-3754
Photo of Miki Koyama, Psychologist in Cook County, IL
Miki Koyama
Psychologist
Verified Verified
Chicago, IL 60601
Seeking, entering into, and staying in therapy take a lot of courage. I believe therapy helps us reconnect more deeply with who we are and who we are becoming. Therapy gives us opportunities to explore what matters in our lives, how we affect one another individually or collectively, how we serve or support one another in our multi-layered environments, and how to cultivate meaningful relationships with people whom we encounter. Therapy offers opportunities to learn where we may be stuck emotionally and spiritually. In this process, we can find a “home” or a “safe and sacred” place within ourselves.
Seeking, entering into, and staying in therapy take a lot of courage. I believe therapy helps us reconnect more deeply with who we are and who we are becoming. Therapy gives us opportunities to explore what matters in our lives, how we affect one another individually or collectively, how we serve or support one another in our multi-layered environments, and how to cultivate meaningful relationships with people whom we encounter. Therapy offers opportunities to learn where we may be stuck emotionally and spiritually. In this process, we can find a “home” or a “safe and sacred” place within ourselves.
(872) 266-7802 View (872) 266-7802
Photo of Isabella Jimenez, Pre-Licensed Professional in Cook County, IL
Isabella Jimenez
Pre-Licensed Professional
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Chicago, IL 60657
Confronting difficult aspects of life such as grief, traumatic events, relationship issues, and mental health struggles can feel overwhelming and scary. Choosing to start therapy and confront the complex emotions that life throws at us is a choice that deserves praise. My primary experience has been spent working with those struggling with anxiety and mood disorders, postpartum adjustment, grief, trauma, low self-esteem/body image, and relational issues. It is my priority to help people feel more confident in their ability to handle the ups and downs of life.
Confronting difficult aspects of life such as grief, traumatic events, relationship issues, and mental health struggles can feel overwhelming and scary. Choosing to start therapy and confront the complex emotions that life throws at us is a choice that deserves praise. My primary experience has been spent working with those struggling with anxiety and mood disorders, postpartum adjustment, grief, trauma, low self-esteem/body image, and relational issues. It is my priority to help people feel more confident in their ability to handle the ups and downs of life.
(872) 278-1592 View (872) 278-1592
Photo of Krista Carter, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Cook County, IL
Krista Carter
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LSW
Verified Verified
Chicago, IL 60606  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients at this time. Couples and individuals! If you are here on Psychology Today, you may be experiencing out of control feelings like depression, anxiety, ruminations, or obsessive thoughts. When emotional changes, occur, it’s nice to have a trusted professional to help you understand yourself, your optimum choices, and your ability to create new choices for yourself that feel best for you. If you are feeling uncertain or have a desire to create change for yourself but do not yet see the path, you can direct that change with a little help.
Not accepting new clients at this time. Couples and individuals! If you are here on Psychology Today, you may be experiencing out of control feelings like depression, anxiety, ruminations, or obsessive thoughts. When emotional changes, occur, it’s nice to have a trusted professional to help you understand yourself, your optimum choices, and your ability to create new choices for yourself that feel best for you. If you are feeling uncertain or have a desire to create change for yourself but do not yet see the path, you can direct that change with a little help.
(312) 836-7869 View (312) 836-7869
Photo of Mary E Worden, Psychologist in Cook County, IL
Mary E Worden
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Chicago, IL 60637
Trust. Acceptance. Safety. Room to grow. Encouragement. Hope. Compassion. Respect. Are you feeling lost, overwhelmed, anxious, or depressed? Looking for someone who can help you understand yourself better, like and trust yourself more, or be more confident in your decisions? Facing the loss of a loved one, a relationship, a job, a sense of normalcy? Plagued by worries, fears, or negative thoughts about yourself or others? Looking for a therapist is a courageous step. Being willing to make a change when things are not working out for you is a sign of strength.
Trust. Acceptance. Safety. Room to grow. Encouragement. Hope. Compassion. Respect. Are you feeling lost, overwhelmed, anxious, or depressed? Looking for someone who can help you understand yourself better, like and trust yourself more, or be more confident in your decisions? Facing the loss of a loved one, a relationship, a job, a sense of normalcy? Plagued by worries, fears, or negative thoughts about yourself or others? Looking for a therapist is a courageous step. Being willing to make a change when things are not working out for you is a sign of strength.
(872) 219-0716 View (872) 219-0716
Photo of Sarah Morgan, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Cook County, IL
Sarah Morgan
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, AM, LCSW
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Chicago, IL 60602
I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker and provide individual therapy to adults across the lifespan. I received my clinical training at the University of Chicago and over my career have specialized in perinatal mental health, life transitions (particularly related to career, parenthood, and caregiver support), mood disorders, trauma, and grief and loss.
I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker and provide individual therapy to adults across the lifespan. I received my clinical training at the University of Chicago and over my career have specialized in perinatal mental health, life transitions (particularly related to career, parenthood, and caregiver support), mood disorders, trauma, and grief and loss.
(312) 626-5069 x2 View (312) 626-5069 x2
Photo of Leanna Fortunato, Psychologist in Cook County, IL
Leanna Fortunato
Psychologist, PhD, CST
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Chicago, IL 60611
Not accepting new clients
Asking for help is a courageous first step toward making personally meaningful changes. I view therapy as a collaborative process that involves you and I working together to understand what has led you to this point, to explore what you would like to be different, and to begin to develop new ways of being.
Asking for help is a courageous first step toward making personally meaningful changes. I view therapy as a collaborative process that involves you and I working together to understand what has led you to this point, to explore what you would like to be different, and to begin to develop new ways of being.
(312) 608-2928 View (312) 608-2928
Photo of Janet Goss, Counselor in Cook County, IL
Janet Goss
Counselor, MA, LCPC
Verified Verified
Northbrook, IL 60062
I am a Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor and have been working in the mental health field since 2003. I love working with adolescents, adults and couples with a variety of presenting concerns. My style is interactive, collaborative and direct. I work with clients to see their lives, relationships and concerns from a new perspective, helping them better understand their own strengths and abilities to make changes and reach their goals. I utilize various treatment techniques such as Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Psychodynamic and Solution Focused therapies to tailor an individual treatment plan for each client or couple.
I am a Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor and have been working in the mental health field since 2003. I love working with adolescents, adults and couples with a variety of presenting concerns. My style is interactive, collaborative and direct. I work with clients to see their lives, relationships and concerns from a new perspective, helping them better understand their own strengths and abilities to make changes and reach their goals. I utilize various treatment techniques such as Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Psychodynamic and Solution Focused therapies to tailor an individual treatment plan for each client or couple.
(847) 380-8216 x12 View (847) 380-8216 x12
Photo of Jasmin DeMarco, Licensed Professional Counselor in Cook County, IL
Jasmin DeMarco
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Chicago, IL 60603
Whether you have been feeling lost, down, or off-balance, or if it's a distinct issue that needs resolution, it is my intention to hold a safe space to facilitate the process of personal growth. Seeking assistance through counseling is a courageous step toward healing. You have already set your intention to shift from a place of discomfort to a place of empowerment.
Whether you have been feeling lost, down, or off-balance, or if it's a distinct issue that needs resolution, it is my intention to hold a safe space to facilitate the process of personal growth. Seeking assistance through counseling is a courageous step toward healing. You have already set your intention to shift from a place of discomfort to a place of empowerment.
(331) 207-9639 View (331) 207-9639
Photo of Touch of Wholeness Psychological Services LLC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Cook County, IL
Touch of Wholeness Psychological Services LLC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Chicago, IL 60615
There are times when life becomes extremely overwhelming. During these times, I believe having a supportive and engaging ear promotes healing. I am a licensed clinical social worker and I have devoted years to helping individuals who are experiencing difficulty managing life stressors. I have worked with children, adolescents, and adults across multiple settings including community mental health agencies, private practice, residential homes, and schools. My areas of interest include treating young adults clients dealing with life-stage transition difficulties, parents experiencing difficulties with their children, couples and families, as well as individuals experiencing symptoms of anxiety and depression.
There are times when life becomes extremely overwhelming. During these times, I believe having a supportive and engaging ear promotes healing. I am a licensed clinical social worker and I have devoted years to helping individuals who are experiencing difficulty managing life stressors. I have worked with children, adolescents, and adults across multiple settings including community mental health agencies, private practice, residential homes, and schools. My areas of interest include treating young adults clients dealing with life-stage transition difficulties, parents experiencing difficulties with their children, couples and families, as well as individuals experiencing symptoms of anxiety and depression.
(773) 364-6620 View (773) 364-6620
Photo of Princess Gabor, Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor in Cook County, IL
Princess Gabor
Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor, EdD, LCPC
Verified Verified
Elmwood Park, IL 60707  (Online Only)
I hold a Doctorate Degree and a license as a Clinical Professional Counselor (LCPC). I have extensive professional experience with children & adults with concerns including relationship & family conflict, trauma, autism, intellectual disabilities, behavior issues, ADHD, & parent coaching. I worked in residential, hospitals, private practice, & in-house counseling. I facilitated group & individual supervision, parenting education, couples, groups, family, & substance use therapy.
I hold a Doctorate Degree and a license as a Clinical Professional Counselor (LCPC). I have extensive professional experience with children & adults with concerns including relationship & family conflict, trauma, autism, intellectual disabilities, behavior issues, ADHD, & parent coaching. I worked in residential, hospitals, private practice, & in-house counseling. I facilitated group & individual supervision, parenting education, couples, groups, family, & substance use therapy.
(872) 314-0090 View (872) 314-0090
Photo of Katie Wells, Licensed Professional Counselor in Cook County, IL
Katie Wells
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Chicago, IL 60642
My goal is to create a safe space that allows each individual to feel supported, comfortable, and heard. I believe in the importance of meeting each client where they are, increasing self-awareness, identifying strengths, and working alongside each client towards their treatment goals. I use an empathetic and positive, client-centered approach. My areas of interest include anxiety, depression, relationship issues, grief & loss, life transitions, motherhood, women's issues, perinatal/postpartum mental health, and school issues. I also enjoy working with couples, and I am Level 1 Gotten trained.
My goal is to create a safe space that allows each individual to feel supported, comfortable, and heard. I believe in the importance of meeting each client where they are, increasing self-awareness, identifying strengths, and working alongside each client towards their treatment goals. I use an empathetic and positive, client-centered approach. My areas of interest include anxiety, depression, relationship issues, grief & loss, life transitions, motherhood, women's issues, perinatal/postpartum mental health, and school issues. I also enjoy working with couples, and I am Level 1 Gotten trained.
(708) 726-8099 View (708) 726-8099
Photo of Richard Phelps Blue, Counselor in Cook County, IL
Richard Phelps Blue
Counselor, EdD, LCPC, NCC, BCPPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Northbrook, IL 60062
I am most effective with those who are hungry and hurting. I walk beside those who want to make sense of what is keeping them from living the lives they want. I enjoy supporting those who are seeking meaning, direction, and a sense of purpose in their lives. I equip and empower those who want more alive, dynamic and authentic relationships with themselves, others and God. I help people feel their feelings, challenge mistaken beliefs, and experience new and transformational ways of living and being. I bring understanding, encouragement, challenge and hope.
I am most effective with those who are hungry and hurting. I walk beside those who want to make sense of what is keeping them from living the lives they want. I enjoy supporting those who are seeking meaning, direction, and a sense of purpose in their lives. I equip and empower those who want more alive, dynamic and authentic relationships with themselves, others and God. I help people feel their feelings, challenge mistaken beliefs, and experience new and transformational ways of living and being. I bring understanding, encouragement, challenge and hope.
(847) 354-4055 x140 View (847) 354-4055 x140
Photo of Caitlin M Wurster, Psychologist in Cook County, IL
Caitlin M Wurster
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Oak Park, IL 60302
LifeSpan Counseling & Psychological Services offers services to children, adolescents, adults, couples and families. I believe that we all must weather challenges throughout life, and sometimes we need assistance to endure and make sense of these trials in a way that helps us to grow into the best versions of ourselves. My goal as a therapist is to assist children, adolescents, adults, and familes through these times by helping them achieve better understandings of personal choices, strengths, and resilience. In this way, clients come to see themselves as individuals that are capable of change in order to live fulfilling lives.
LifeSpan Counseling & Psychological Services offers services to children, adolescents, adults, couples and families. I believe that we all must weather challenges throughout life, and sometimes we need assistance to endure and make sense of these trials in a way that helps us to grow into the best versions of ourselves. My goal as a therapist is to assist children, adolescents, adults, and familes through these times by helping them achieve better understandings of personal choices, strengths, and resilience. In this way, clients come to see themselves as individuals that are capable of change in order to live fulfilling lives.
(708) 315-7372 View (708) 315-7372
Photo of Ketamine - Midwest Alternative Treatment Clinic in Cook County, IL
Ketamine - Midwest Alternative Treatment Clinic
Verified Verified
Oak Park, IL 60301
At Midwest Alternative Treatment Clinic, we utilize an approach validated in research and experience to tailor a ketamine program that suits your individual needs and meet you where you are in your journey. Rooted in human relationships, our practice strives to improve your health through mutual respect and collaboration. Individuals with depression, anxiety, PTSD, and chronic pain have all received benefit from ketamine and we are excited to assist you on your path to wellness.
At Midwest Alternative Treatment Clinic, we utilize an approach validated in research and experience to tailor a ketamine program that suits your individual needs and meet you where you are in your journey. Rooted in human relationships, our practice strives to improve your health through mutual respect and collaboration. Individuals with depression, anxiety, PTSD, and chronic pain have all received benefit from ketamine and we are excited to assist you on your path to wellness.
(708) 334-8075 View (708) 334-8075
Photo of Benjamin Durchslag, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Cook County, IL
Benjamin Durchslag
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Chicago, IL 60602
My philosophy of care is grounded in the notion that every person has a gift within themselves. People do not need to be fixed; they need support to be able to return to their core self. I am here to support you whether you are going through a transition, dealing with stress, anxiety, depression, or other mental health challenges. Please consider reaching out if you want to make meaning of your life, use difficulty as an opportunity to grow, and/or you are someone deeply committed to improving society. I am here to provide a place to process, balance, and develop.
My philosophy of care is grounded in the notion that every person has a gift within themselves. People do not need to be fixed; they need support to be able to return to their core self. I am here to support you whether you are going through a transition, dealing with stress, anxiety, depression, or other mental health challenges. Please consider reaching out if you want to make meaning of your life, use difficulty as an opportunity to grow, and/or you are someone deeply committed to improving society. I am here to provide a place to process, balance, and develop.
(312) 257-2928 View (312) 257-2928
Photo of Lauren Valdez, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Cook County, IL
Lauren Valdez
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LLMSW
Verified Verified
Chicago, IL 60657
Do you struggle to manage your emotions or anxiety? Do you want to discover your life purpose and live a more meaningful life? I am someone who can help. I specialize in helping people to cultivate emotional awareness, empower themselves to discover their life purpose, explore their trauma histories, develop greater self-compassion, and resolve anxious tendencies through healing conversations.
Do you struggle to manage your emotions or anxiety? Do you want to discover your life purpose and live a more meaningful life? I am someone who can help. I specialize in helping people to cultivate emotional awareness, empower themselves to discover their life purpose, explore their trauma histories, develop greater self-compassion, and resolve anxious tendencies through healing conversations.
(773) 673-9061 x134 View (773) 673-9061 x134
Photo of Bianca Hernandez, Pre-Licensed Professional in Cook County, IL
Bianca Hernandez
Pre-Licensed Professional, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Chicago, IL 60605
Life has a way of throwing things at us and making us feel like we are not enough, like we do not belong, our best isn't good enough. Whether you are an adult or a child, emotions and thoughts like these can impact life and the ability to live the lives we all desire. I would love to assist you or your child on this journey. I specialize in working with children ages 4-17, their parents or caregivers and young adults. I take a holistic approach to treatment and factor in all of the many systems and environments that may be impacting you or your child.
Life has a way of throwing things at us and making us feel like we are not enough, like we do not belong, our best isn't good enough. Whether you are an adult or a child, emotions and thoughts like these can impact life and the ability to live the lives we all desire. I would love to assist you or your child on this journey. I specialize in working with children ages 4-17, their parents or caregivers and young adults. I take a holistic approach to treatment and factor in all of the many systems and environments that may be impacting you or your child.
(312) 906-7183 View (312) 906-7183
Photo of Amaris Counseling LLC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Cook County, IL
Amaris Counseling LLC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW, CFRC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Chicago, IL 60655  (Online Only)
We are a Group Practice Accepting New Clients! Are you ready for healing & wholeness? My goal is to walk alongside you as you uncover your true potential, heal wounds, and live your most authentic life. I am here to partner with you in creating a safe and supportive space for growth and wellness. I specialize in anxiety, depression, faith-based counseling, pre-martial/martial counseling, life transitions, and identity issues. Every person is special and unique and for that reason I utilize a holistic approach and adapt each counseling relationship to the individual’s personal needs, goals, and aspirations.
We are a Group Practice Accepting New Clients! Are you ready for healing & wholeness? My goal is to walk alongside you as you uncover your true potential, heal wounds, and live your most authentic life. I am here to partner with you in creating a safe and supportive space for growth and wellness. I specialize in anxiety, depression, faith-based counseling, pre-martial/martial counseling, life transitions, and identity issues. Every person is special and unique and for that reason I utilize a holistic approach and adapt each counseling relationship to the individual’s personal needs, goals, and aspirations.
(312) 874-7869 View (312) 874-7869
Photo of Catalyst Clinical Group Inc, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Cook County, IL
Catalyst Clinical Group Inc
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Chicago, IL 60640
I believe every person has the ability to effect change in their life. Sometimes, though, we need someone to walk along side us to help navigate through difficult and trying times. My view of therapy is just that—a helpful and compassionate person who provides a safe and stigma-free space to explore, reflect, mourn, and grow. My hope is to provide you with the highest quality mental health services to help you achieve your goals and live a healthy, productive life of your design.
I believe every person has the ability to effect change in their life. Sometimes, though, we need someone to walk along side us to help navigate through difficult and trying times. My view of therapy is just that—a helpful and compassionate person who provides a safe and stigma-free space to explore, reflect, mourn, and grow. My hope is to provide you with the highest quality mental health services to help you achieve your goals and live a healthy, productive life of your design.
(773) 876-8763 View (773) 876-8763

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Cook County, IL

3,000+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in Cook County, IL who prioritize treating:

93% Anxiety
88% Depression
78% Relationship Issues
77% Self Esteem
68% Trauma and PTSD
67% Coping Skills
67% Stress

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

95% BlueCross and BlueShield
59% Aetna
49% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in Cook County, IL see their clients

69% In Person and Online
31% Online Only

Gender breakdown

80% Female
18% Male
2% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Cook County?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.