Psychoanalytic Therapists in Chicago, IL

Photo of Gail E. Richman, MA, LCPC
Gail E. Richman
MA, LCPC
Verified Verified
Chicago, IL 60602
Waitlist for new clients
My practice orientation is psychoanalytic and is focused on the growth of the personality.
Feelings of depression and anxiety, or family and work conflicts can become overwhelming. Talking about your thoughts, feelings, dreams and experiences during the therapy hour helps relieve emotional suffering and increases your capacity to tolerate and manage difficult feelings such as anger, panic, grief and a sense of isolation.
My practice orientation is psychoanalytic and is focused on the growth of the personality.
Feelings of depression and anxiety, or family and work conflicts can become overwhelming. Talking about your thoughts, feelings, dreams and experiences during the therapy hour helps relieve emotional suffering and increases your capacity to tolerate and manage difficult feelings such as anger, panic, grief and a sense of isolation.
(217) 387-8741 View (217) 387-8741
Photo of Sidney Eileen Miller, LCSW, PhD, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Sidney Eileen Miller
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, PhD
Verified Verified
Chicago, IL 60611
In addition to clinical practice, I am an active member of the American Psychoanalytic Association, and a faculty member at the Chicago Psychoanalytic Institute, organizations that are devoted to preparing and supporting future practitioners as well as mental health concerns of society.
Your awareness of personal pain may be the beginning of your determination to make needed changes in your life. If you long for an improved sense of your self and better relationships, seeking help is the first step. Each person deserves the helpful guidance of another person and I consider it a privilege to be a part of that journey. My background, experience, education, and multicultural focus has prepared me to serve a wide variety of people and to appreciate your unique qualities. Discovering your ability to understand yourself at a deeper level opens up the freedom to make positive choices in your life.
In addition to clinical practice, I am an active member of the American Psychoanalytic Association, and a faculty member at the Chicago Psychoanalytic Institute, organizations that are devoted to preparing and supporting future practitioners as well as mental health concerns of society.
Your awareness of personal pain may be the beginning of your determination to make needed changes in your life. If you long for an improved sense of your self and better relationships, seeking help is the first step. Each person deserves the helpful guidance of another person and I consider it a privilege to be a part of that journey. My background, experience, education, and multicultural focus has prepared me to serve a wide variety of people and to appreciate your unique qualities. Discovering your ability to understand yourself at a deeper level opens up the freedom to make positive choices in your life.
(312) 342-1781 View (312) 342-1781
Photo of Natalia Maltsev, MD, MA, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Natalia Maltsev
Licensed Professional Counselor, MD, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
Chicago, IL 60605
I became a psychotherapist late in life, bringing to our sessions a rich tapestry of real-life experiences and a solid foundation in biomedical sciences, psychodynamic psychotherapy, and psychoanalysis. I know firsthand that there are moments when we realize something in our world isn't quite right. Relationship difficulties, emotional traumas, grief, and a lack of motivation can make us question our ability to cope with reality. We can work together on navigating the intricacies of your life with the help of trauma-informed, attachment-oriented, depth psychology, and psychoanalytic approaches.
I became a psychotherapist late in life, bringing to our sessions a rich tapestry of real-life experiences and a solid foundation in biomedical sciences, psychodynamic psychotherapy, and psychoanalysis. I know firsthand that there are moments when we realize something in our world isn't quite right. Relationship difficulties, emotional traumas, grief, and a lack of motivation can make us question our ability to cope with reality. We can work together on navigating the intricacies of your life with the help of trauma-informed, attachment-oriented, depth psychology, and psychoanalytic approaches.
(872) 273-5110 View (872) 273-5110
Photo of Linda Michaels, PsyD, MBA, Psychologist
Linda Michaels
Psychologist, PsyD, MBA
Verified Verified
Chicago, IL 60611
Not accepting new clients
I integrate psychoanalytic and emotion-focused approaches, training in CBT and DBT, and a compassionate, nonjudgmental approach.
Therapy helps relieve suffering and pain during times of loss or change, and can lead to significant growth and transformation, helping you to make important changes in your life, experience more vitality, and enjoy richer relationships. Most of us benefit from more support during major life transitions, such as a relationship crisis, work problems, loss of a loved one, or the birth of a child. Many of us also struggle to get what we want and need in our personal and professional lives. Partnering with a skilled therapist can help uncover obstacles, get to the root of issues, and create a path to move forward.
I integrate psychoanalytic and emotion-focused approaches, training in CBT and DBT, and a compassionate, nonjudgmental approach.
Therapy helps relieve suffering and pain during times of loss or change, and can lead to significant growth and transformation, helping you to make important changes in your life, experience more vitality, and enjoy richer relationships. Most of us benefit from more support during major life transitions, such as a relationship crisis, work problems, loss of a loved one, or the birth of a child. Many of us also struggle to get what we want and need in our personal and professional lives. Partnering with a skilled therapist can help uncover obstacles, get to the root of issues, and create a path to move forward.
(312) 313-3921 View (312) 313-3921
Photo of Alisha Hooda, Pre-Licensed Professional
Alisha Hooda
Pre-Licensed Professional
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Chicago, IL 60657
Nothing human can be alien to me -Terence. Within the bounds of a safe relationship, I hope you can let the ugly, shameful and irrational parts of you breathe. Together, we can encounter them with compassion, as this is often where the work lies. I endeavor to create a warm holding environment for you as we explore issues more deeply and understand their origins through psychoanalytic, relational and existential perspectives. I share my conceptualizations with clients and provide psychoeducation to deepen insight into our unconscious experiences, while honoring individual uniqueness, cultural nuances, and other complexities.
Nothing human can be alien to me -Terence. Within the bounds of a safe relationship, I hope you can let the ugly, shameful and irrational parts of you breathe. Together, we can encounter them with compassion, as this is often where the work lies. I endeavor to create a warm holding environment for you as we explore issues more deeply and understand their origins through psychoanalytic, relational and existential perspectives. I share my conceptualizations with clients and provide psychoeducation to deepen insight into our unconscious experiences, while honoring individual uniqueness, cultural nuances, and other complexities.
(312) 847-4065 View (312) 847-4065
Photo of Paul M Martin, PsyD, Psychologist
Paul M Martin
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Chicago, IL 60626
My clinical work draws heavily from my training in psychoanalytic theory and technique; to this end, I encourage dream interpretation, analysis of the unconscious, and expression of repressed emotions as avenues towards change.
My style of therapy is best suited towards clients who hope to develop a meaningful therapeutic relationship that can be used to better understand and address uncomfortable feelings and problematic relational patterns. By helping clients talk about disappointing and hurtful relationships throughout their lives, I have been amazed to see how well clients can make sense of what once seemed confusing and disorienting, ultimately moving forward with greater confidence. Additionally, I have a deep respect for the healing process that ensues when people can express their feelings and thoughts free of fear or inhibition.
My clinical work draws heavily from my training in psychoanalytic theory and technique; to this end, I encourage dream interpretation, analysis of the unconscious, and expression of repressed emotions as avenues towards change.
My style of therapy is best suited towards clients who hope to develop a meaningful therapeutic relationship that can be used to better understand and address uncomfortable feelings and problematic relational patterns. By helping clients talk about disappointing and hurtful relationships throughout their lives, I have been amazed to see how well clients can make sense of what once seemed confusing and disorienting, ultimately moving forward with greater confidence. Additionally, I have a deep respect for the healing process that ensues when people can express their feelings and thoughts free of fear or inhibition.
(773) 295-7682 View (773) 295-7682
Photo of Matin Firas, MA, LPC, Pre-Licensed Professional
Matin Firas
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Chicago, IL 60601  (Online Only)
I am a current board member of Chicago Association for Psychoanalytic Psychology (CAPP), as a liaison for graduate students' involvement.
I'm dedicated to providing culturally sensitive care for BIPOC/Asian individuals, 1st and 2nd+ generation immigrants, international students/sojourners, LGBTQIA+ individuals, and those with religious or spiritual backgrounds. I have experience working with anxiety, depression, PTSD, religious trauma, generational/complex trauma, eating disorder, body image issues, cultural/racial/sexual identity issues, LGBTQIA+ issues, life transitions, stress, family and relationship issues, men’s issues (sexual and non sexual), and other challenges one might face.
I am a current board member of Chicago Association for Psychoanalytic Psychology (CAPP), as a liaison for graduate students' involvement.
I'm dedicated to providing culturally sensitive care for BIPOC/Asian individuals, 1st and 2nd+ generation immigrants, international students/sojourners, LGBTQIA+ individuals, and those with religious or spiritual backgrounds. I have experience working with anxiety, depression, PTSD, religious trauma, generational/complex trauma, eating disorder, body image issues, cultural/racial/sexual identity issues, LGBTQIA+ issues, life transitions, stress, family and relationship issues, men’s issues (sexual and non sexual), and other challenges one might face.
(773) 819-6076 View (773) 819-6076
Photo of Madelyn Greenberger, MS, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Madelyn Greenberger
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MS, LCSW
Verified Verified
Chicago, IL 60613
I have advanced psychoanalytic training with adults, adolescents and children.
Psychodynamic therapy focuses on providing a safe environment from which a therapeutic relationship can grow. Through this experience, feelings and thoughts outside our everyday awareness come alive and can be used for self-understanding and growth. As a result, change tends to occur. I assist clients with a range of life situations and emotional concerns, and am interested in working with individuals who have difficulties in relationships, with anxiety, depression, and self-esteem, and who have experienced parental loss and trauma.
I have advanced psychoanalytic training with adults, adolescents and children.
Psychodynamic therapy focuses on providing a safe environment from which a therapeutic relationship can grow. Through this experience, feelings and thoughts outside our everyday awareness come alive and can be used for self-understanding and growth. As a result, change tends to occur. I assist clients with a range of life situations and emotional concerns, and am interested in working with individuals who have difficulties in relationships, with anxiety, depression, and self-esteem, and who have experienced parental loss and trauma.
(312) 548-1666 x847971 View (312) 548-1666 x847971
Photo of Zak Mucha, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Zak Mucha
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Chicago, IL 60640
Recently (2022) I completed psychoanalytic training at the Chicago Center for Psychoanalysis where I am also clinical adjunct faculty and a current board member.
Psychotherapy and psychoanalysis should be an investment in creating a life. It should be a goal-driven partnership between the two people in the room. In the therapeutic process we find new goals and have to reassess priorities, shifting back and forth between concrete issues and more abstract concerns with the continued effort of reducing emotional pain and finding a way to live in the world. If you have a question, please email me at zak(at)zakmucha.com or call 773-273-0474 and we can plan for a meeting over the phone or in person. I will be glad to answer any questions regarding fees and insurance.
Recently (2022) I completed psychoanalytic training at the Chicago Center for Psychoanalysis where I am also clinical adjunct faculty and a current board member.
Psychotherapy and psychoanalysis should be an investment in creating a life. It should be a goal-driven partnership between the two people in the room. In the therapeutic process we find new goals and have to reassess priorities, shifting back and forth between concrete issues and more abstract concerns with the continued effort of reducing emotional pain and finding a way to live in the world. If you have a question, please email me at zak(at)zakmucha.com or call 773-273-0474 and we can plan for a meeting over the phone or in person. I will be glad to answer any questions regarding fees and insurance.
(773) 273-0474 View (773) 273-0474
Photo of Rose Elias, PsyD, Psychologist
Rose Elias
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Chicago, IL 60618
Waitlist for new clients
 I approach my work from a psychodynamic/psychoanalytic, existential and interpersonal base of understanding.
***Please note: I do not currently have openings for new clients and I do not anticipate availability within the next few months. Please feel free to contact me if you would like assistance with referrals or if you would like me to contact you when I have availability. Thank you.***
 I approach my work from a psychodynamic/psychoanalytic, existential and interpersonal base of understanding.
***Please note: I do not currently have openings for new clients and I do not anticipate availability within the next few months. Please feel free to contact me if you would like assistance with referrals or if you would like me to contact you when I have availability. Thank you.***
(773) 828-9122 View (773) 828-9122
Photo of Cay Carroll Kidd, LCPC
Cay Carroll Kidd
Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor, LCPC
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
Chicago, IL 60604  (Online Only)
I'm experienced in different treatment approaches such as Brainspotting, psychoanalytic therapy, CBT and more; where we will collaboratively work together to devise a treatment plan that is unique to you; to help you accomplish the transformation you seek in personal growth and in your interpersonal relationships.
I'm a Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor with 18 years of experience. My work consists of individual psychotherapy with adult clientele only. I enjoy helping people and compassionate in my work with clients. Everyone experiences challenges in life; however, it's through the challenges that you grow the most. Together, we will work closely to analyze what struggles you are facing and their underlying causes, and work towards implementing change to the behaviors and thought patterns that are keeping you from being the best version of yourself.
I'm experienced in different treatment approaches such as Brainspotting, psychoanalytic therapy, CBT and more; where we will collaboratively work together to devise a treatment plan that is unique to you; to help you accomplish the transformation you seek in personal growth and in your interpersonal relationships.
I'm a Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor with 18 years of experience. My work consists of individual psychotherapy with adult clientele only. I enjoy helping people and compassionate in my work with clients. Everyone experiences challenges in life; however, it's through the challenges that you grow the most. Together, we will work closely to analyze what struggles you are facing and their underlying causes, and work towards implementing change to the behaviors and thought patterns that are keeping you from being the best version of yourself.
(312) 626-7561 View (312) 626-7561
Photo of Elizabeth Pierre, MA, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Elizabeth Pierre
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Chicago, IL 60618  (Online Only)
My preferred treatment approach is psychoanalytic and trauma informed.
I enjoy working primarily with individuals who have a history of interpersonal violence. I especially feel honored to journey with those navigating their relationships as they work through their trauma history. I recognize how one's racial, cultural, and faith background impact recovery and welcome integrating these components in therapy. I also take time to explore how childhood experiences shape the individual and current relationships. My hope is that, through our time together, you will gain greater insight into yourself, which will contribute to your flourishing and the flourishing of your relationships.
My preferred treatment approach is psychoanalytic and trauma informed.
I enjoy working primarily with individuals who have a history of interpersonal violence. I especially feel honored to journey with those navigating their relationships as they work through their trauma history. I recognize how one's racial, cultural, and faith background impact recovery and welcome integrating these components in therapy. I also take time to explore how childhood experiences shape the individual and current relationships. My hope is that, through our time together, you will gain greater insight into yourself, which will contribute to your flourishing and the flourishing of your relationships.
(872) 266-7916 View (872) 266-7916
Photo of Bryan Russo - Bryan Russo, LMFT, MS, PhD, Marriage & Family Therapist
Bryan Russo, LMFT
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, PhD
Verified Verified
Chicago, IL 60611  (Online Only)
I have formal post-graduate training in DBT Skills Training, Mindful Awareness, Relational Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy, and Archetypal Analysis.
Too often psychotherapy focuses on causality, pathology and cures. However, rather than being "sick" or 'broken", often we are just lost inside ourselves or relationships. Everyone is a unique person with their own story, experience and perspective. The goal of therapy is to achieve a deeper awareness of where we are, to discover internal meaning for our many experiences, and to experience a life worth living. While working towards that awareness, I feel that it's also important to teach healthier coping skills to assist in dealing with the anxiety and day to day stressors that bring individuals to therapy.
I have formal post-graduate training in DBT Skills Training, Mindful Awareness, Relational Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy, and Archetypal Analysis.
Too often psychotherapy focuses on causality, pathology and cures. However, rather than being "sick" or 'broken", often we are just lost inside ourselves or relationships. Everyone is a unique person with their own story, experience and perspective. The goal of therapy is to achieve a deeper awareness of where we are, to discover internal meaning for our many experiences, and to experience a life worth living. While working towards that awareness, I feel that it's also important to teach healthier coping skills to assist in dealing with the anxiety and day to day stressors that bring individuals to therapy.
(872) 231-3669 View (872) 231-3669
Photo of Donald McDevitt, MS, LCPC, Counselor
Donald McDevitt
Counselor, MS, LCPC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Chicago, IL 60603
I am a Training and Supervising Psychoanalyst on the faculty of the Chicago Psychoanalytic Institute and I welcome individual adults whom are questioning why their attempts to improve the quality of their life is not working. A questioning individual suggests to me a person whom wants to change and live more creatively. Often there can be mixed feelings about change. I recognize that change is difficult. I feel that self exploration is a challenging enterprise that often requires courage and risk. I would like to help you understand why your best efforts have not worked.
I am a Training and Supervising Psychoanalyst on the faculty of the Chicago Psychoanalytic Institute and I welcome individual adults whom are questioning why their attempts to improve the quality of their life is not working. A questioning individual suggests to me a person whom wants to change and live more creatively. Often there can be mixed feelings about change. I recognize that change is difficult. I feel that self exploration is a challenging enterprise that often requires courage and risk. I would like to help you understand why your best efforts have not worked.
(847) 636-1780 View (847) 636-1780
Photo of Ray Noll, PhD, LSW, MA, Pre-Licensed Professional
Ray Noll
Pre-Licensed Professional, PhD, LSW, MA
Verified Verified
Chicago, IL 60603
My approach to therapy is informed by psychoanalytic principles, which enable us to hold the incredible variation of emotional life with attention and engagement.
I work with clients who feel unhappy or stuck in their relationships, their careers, and even life in general to find ways of living that are more honest, authentic, and satisfying. I offer a non-judgmental and collaborative environment where our conversations will help you to recognize how to find meaning, wonder, and joy in your life. An exploration of each person’s unique moods, pleasures, distresses, and challenges can lead to novel and transformative experiences.
My approach to therapy is informed by psychoanalytic principles, which enable us to hold the incredible variation of emotional life with attention and engagement.
I work with clients who feel unhappy or stuck in their relationships, their careers, and even life in general to find ways of living that are more honest, authentic, and satisfying. I offer a non-judgmental and collaborative environment where our conversations will help you to recognize how to find meaning, wonder, and joy in your life. An exploration of each person’s unique moods, pleasures, distresses, and challenges can lead to novel and transformative experiences.
(773) 923-2972 View (773) 923-2972
Photo of Laura E Lambert - Laura E. Lambert, PhD, PhD, Psychologist
Laura E. Lambert, PhD
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Chicago, IL 60603  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
) I hold a Certificate from the Chicago Psychoanalytic Institute (Self/Relational Psychology,) and have trained in Implicit Beck Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Brainspotting Phase 1, Gottman Level 1.
I provide insight-oriented, problem-focused, integrative psychotherapy to adults, with 20 years of experience. Currently most appointments are through telehealth, with the option for monthly in-person meetings. Together we can explore your concerns, improve communication in relationships, and help you make choices to improve your life - career, relationships, family - and negotiate hurdles, or grieve losses. I provide gender-affirming care and support to LBGQTIA individuals and families.
) I hold a Certificate from the Chicago Psychoanalytic Institute (Self/Relational Psychology,) and have trained in Implicit Beck Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Brainspotting Phase 1, Gottman Level 1.
I provide insight-oriented, problem-focused, integrative psychotherapy to adults, with 20 years of experience. Currently most appointments are through telehealth, with the option for monthly in-person meetings. Together we can explore your concerns, improve communication in relationships, and help you make choices to improve your life - career, relationships, family - and negotiate hurdles, or grieve losses. I provide gender-affirming care and support to LBGQTIA individuals and families.
(773) 305-6131 View (773) 305-6131
Photo of Lauren Davis, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Lauren Davis
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Chicago, IL 60611
I work with people across the lifespan, bringing experience in community mental health as well as ongoing psychoanalytic training. In my clinical work, I have found that when therapeutic trust is experienced, a person can understand what is getting in the way of living fully and authentically. Difficulties with one's feelings can be approached compassionately, understood more deeply, and thought about differently.
I work with people across the lifespan, bringing experience in community mental health as well as ongoing psychoanalytic training. In my clinical work, I have found that when therapeutic trust is experienced, a person can understand what is getting in the way of living fully and authentically. Difficulties with one's feelings can be approached compassionately, understood more deeply, and thought about differently.
(312) 945-0424 View (312) 945-0424
Photo of Ida Roldan, PhD, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Ida Roldan
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, PhD, LCSW
Verified Verified
Chicago, IL 60605
Not accepting new clients
I have over 35 years of clinical experience in psychodynamic psychoanalytic therapy. I have particular experience in working with adults who are experiencing relational difficulties as well as suffering from anxiety and depressive disorders.
I have over 35 years of clinical experience in psychodynamic psychoanalytic therapy. I have particular experience in working with adults who are experiencing relational difficulties as well as suffering from anxiety and depressive disorders.
(312) 257-3941 View (312) 257-3941
Photo of Michele Christine Gaspar, MA, LCPC, Counselor
Michele Christine Gaspar
Counselor, MA, LCPC
Verified Verified
Chicago, IL 60618
I listen and use the richness of psychoanalytic theory to help clients understand themselves and develop self awareness.
Our unhappiness is often due to repeating patterns, the "whys" of which can be puzzling to ourselves and others. These patterns prevent us from experiencing joy and contentment, enjoying healthy intimacy with others and living a meaningful life. I am committed to offering therapy that allows you the space in which we can look with honesty and self-compassion at your unique history, patterns and circumstances with curiosity and openness. I see my role as facilitating and accompanying you on a journey of self-discovery. My goal for you is to "be who (you) are and be that well."
I listen and use the richness of psychoanalytic theory to help clients understand themselves and develop self awareness.
Our unhappiness is often due to repeating patterns, the "whys" of which can be puzzling to ourselves and others. These patterns prevent us from experiencing joy and contentment, enjoying healthy intimacy with others and living a meaningful life. I am committed to offering therapy that allows you the space in which we can look with honesty and self-compassion at your unique history, patterns and circumstances with curiosity and openness. I see my role as facilitating and accompanying you on a journey of self-discovery. My goal for you is to "be who (you) are and be that well."
(872) 219-0270 View (872) 219-0270
Photo of Tim Sawyier, MA, LCPC
Tim Sawyier
Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor, MA, LCPC
Verified Verified
Chicago, IL 60602
I am on the faculty of the Chicago Psychoanalytic Institute, where I completed psychoanalytic training, and am a Clinical Fellow of the International Neuropsychoanalysis Society.
Psychotherapy relieves emotional distress by cultivating one's innate capacities to think and grow. We all negotiate the world in idiosyncratic ways developed over the course of our lives, and emotional suffering results when such initially adaptive measures no longer suffice to meet our emotional needs. Understanding the origins of repetitive unsatisfying relationships, low self-esteem, anxiety, and other psychological symptoms allows one to make more informed decisions about how to meet these needs authentically and effectively.
I am on the faculty of the Chicago Psychoanalytic Institute, where I completed psychoanalytic training, and am a Clinical Fellow of the International Neuropsychoanalysis Society.
Psychotherapy relieves emotional distress by cultivating one's innate capacities to think and grow. We all negotiate the world in idiosyncratic ways developed over the course of our lives, and emotional suffering results when such initially adaptive measures no longer suffice to meet our emotional needs. Understanding the origins of repetitive unsatisfying relationships, low self-esteem, anxiety, and other psychological symptoms allows one to make more informed decisions about how to meet these needs authentically and effectively.
(872) 469-7024 View (872) 469-7024
Psychoanalytic Therapists

Does psychoanalytic therapy work?

Psychoanalytic therapy derives from the work of Sigmund Freud. In this type of therapy, discovering buried thoughts and emotions from the unconscious will help a person work through their difficulties and negative behaviors. Research shows that psychoanalytic therapy can be highly effective, with patients reporting improvement in mood, quality of life, and overall well-being.

How long are people typically in psychoanalytic therapy?

Traditional psychoanalysis is in-depth and is conducted in five sessions every week. Today, modern psychoanalytic therapy is less intense and normally incorporates as few as one or two sessions a week. In some cases, positive change can occur quickly. However, if the condition, difficulty, or behavior is deep-seated, improvement may require many months or years of therapy.

Is psychoanalytic therapy suitable for young people?

Children and adolescents can benefit from this type of therapy. Many kids and teens are often unable to form and communicate their thoughts and emotions. Psychoanalytic therapy uses specific techniques such as dream analysis, symbolism, and free association or word association; all of which can be useful tools for less-communicative young people. Through this therapy, a patient will hopefully make connections between what they feel inside and how the world works outside.

Can psychoanalytic therapy be done online?

Modern-day psychoanalytic therapy is very different from traditional psychoanalysis. While an individual can sit face-to-face with the psychoanalyst for multiple sessions a week, they do not have to. Today, psychoanalytic therapy can be effectively conducted online or by phone. The key is that the individual confronts what is repressed and avoided, and this can be done whether in person or over online video.