Therapists in Chicago, IL

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Photo of Megan Mills, PhD, Psychologist
Megan Mills
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Chicago, IL 60657
Not accepting new clients
I work primarily with adults facing chronic, life-limiting, or potentially life-threatening conditions, such as cancer, diabetes, heart disease, or AIDS. I focus on helping clients find successful ways to cope with illness, and to integrate the experience of illness into their life story and world view. This often involves discussions of faith and spirituality. I work with patients where they are, so if there is underlying mental illness or intellectual disability, I may work with it instead of trying to change it, unless, of course, the client wants to change. I feel fortunate to have found this specialty.
I work primarily with adults facing chronic, life-limiting, or potentially life-threatening conditions, such as cancer, diabetes, heart disease, or AIDS. I focus on helping clients find successful ways to cope with illness, and to integrate the experience of illness into their life story and world view. This often involves discussions of faith and spirituality. I work with patients where they are, so if there is underlying mental illness or intellectual disability, I may work with it instead of trying to change it, unless, of course, the client wants to change. I feel fortunate to have found this specialty.
(773) 993-1753 View (773) 993-1753
Photo of Edwin Caraballo, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Edwin Caraballo
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Chicago, IL 60622  (Online Only)
Another day of feeling overwhelmed with anxiety. Another day of dealing with past events impacting current realities. Sometimes it feels as if you are feeling your way in the dark. The shame and guilt you face make you feel like you are drowning in the ocean. While I enjoy working with different types of people, my ideal client is someone who is able to accept me as a support throughout their journey. Together we will develop a healthy plan that works best for them, rather than looking for total direction from me.
Another day of feeling overwhelmed with anxiety. Another day of dealing with past events impacting current realities. Sometimes it feels as if you are feeling your way in the dark. The shame and guilt you face make you feel like you are drowning in the ocean. While I enjoy working with different types of people, my ideal client is someone who is able to accept me as a support throughout their journey. Together we will develop a healthy plan that works best for them, rather than looking for total direction from me.
(773) 840-0961 View (773) 840-0961
Photo of Rebecca Israilevich, LCPC, ATR-BC, Counselor
Rebecca Israilevich
Counselor, LCPC, ATR-BC
Verified Verified
Chicago, IL 60640
A positive connection with your therapist is one of the main contributors to your growth in therapy. I hope to meet you where you’re at, supporting you with empathy and understanding. Therapy may be for venting, working through a crisis, increasing self-confidence, managing anxiety or depression, identifying roadblocks, or processing trauma. My therapy practice facilitates emotional + cognitive awareness, and a biological understanding, learning how past experiences inform our present day selves. This translates into care: practicing mindfulness, self-compassion and identifying strengths that help carry you through times of change.
A positive connection with your therapist is one of the main contributors to your growth in therapy. I hope to meet you where you’re at, supporting you with empathy and understanding. Therapy may be for venting, working through a crisis, increasing self-confidence, managing anxiety or depression, identifying roadblocks, or processing trauma. My therapy practice facilitates emotional + cognitive awareness, and a biological understanding, learning how past experiences inform our present day selves. This translates into care: practicing mindfulness, self-compassion and identifying strengths that help carry you through times of change.
(847) 860-6549 View (847) 860-6549
Photo of undefined - Kojo Ngoro Psychotherapy, PLLC, DSW, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Kojo Ngoro Psychotherapy, PLLC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, DSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
Chicago, IL 60615  (Online Only)
You are not broken or in need of repair. The fact that you have arrived in this space in the midst of social injustice, unrest, and day-to-day living is a testament to your resilience. Whether you would like to become more proactive with your mental health, learn how to navigate racial trauma, or learn coping skills and techniques for managing stress and anxiety, we can work together to accomplish your goals.
You are not broken or in need of repair. The fact that you have arrived in this space in the midst of social injustice, unrest, and day-to-day living is a testament to your resilience. Whether you would like to become more proactive with your mental health, learn how to navigate racial trauma, or learn coping skills and techniques for managing stress and anxiety, we can work together to accomplish your goals.
(872) 204-1641 View (872) 204-1641
Photo of Gabrielle Kaminsky-Bayer, PhD, Psychologist
Gabrielle Kaminsky-Bayer
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Chicago, IL 60622  (Online Only)
I believe that we all have an inherent need to feel connected, seen, and understood and that is often where the growth, relief, and healing begins. My clinical work is based on a dynamic and relational approach that works collaboratively with clients to gain an understanding of how early experiences underlie behaviors, thoughts, feelings, and explore ways to connect with others. My approach is grounded in a social justice, sex-positive, and anti-oppressive lens, that posits an understanding of how systems of power and privilege manifest in individuals’ lives and impact individuals' ability to heal.
I believe that we all have an inherent need to feel connected, seen, and understood and that is often where the growth, relief, and healing begins. My clinical work is based on a dynamic and relational approach that works collaboratively with clients to gain an understanding of how early experiences underlie behaviors, thoughts, feelings, and explore ways to connect with others. My approach is grounded in a social justice, sex-positive, and anti-oppressive lens, that posits an understanding of how systems of power and privilege manifest in individuals’ lives and impact individuals' ability to heal.
(773) 985-4598 View (773) 985-4598
Photo of undefined -  Talyah Acker, LCPC, LPC, MEd, MAT, Counselor
Talyah Acker
Counselor, LCPC, LPC, MEd, MAT
Verified Verified
Chicago, IL 60616  (Online Only)
The word renaissance literally means rebirth. So many things in our lives we were born into and did not get to choose; like our parents, our siblings, our homes, our genetics, nor the hand of fate in our lives. Yet there are many things we now get to choose; such as how we relate, the meanings we make, what we choose to believe about ourselves and others, and the decisions we make as a result. We began to write our rule book of life, long before we even knew how to write, and often we don’t realize we are still playing by those same rules that may no longer serve us. Now we can choose differently and free ourselves up to win.
The word renaissance literally means rebirth. So many things in our lives we were born into and did not get to choose; like our parents, our siblings, our homes, our genetics, nor the hand of fate in our lives. Yet there are many things we now get to choose; such as how we relate, the meanings we make, what we choose to believe about ourselves and others, and the decisions we make as a result. We began to write our rule book of life, long before we even knew how to write, and often we don’t realize we are still playing by those same rules that may no longer serve us. Now we can choose differently and free ourselves up to win.
(708) 847-5866 View (708) 847-5866
Photo of Kimari S Collier, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Kimari S Collier
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Chicago, IL 60604  (Online Only)
My ideal client experiences challenges in life while managing anxiety, depression and life stressors. Challenges such as relational difficulties, life transitions, and emotion regulation and understanding. My ideal client aims to understand and manage their emotions better, develop healthier relationships and build resilience. My ideal client is open to evidence-based practices to change behavior, reduce stress and cultivate self awareness. My ideal client is between the age of 13 into late adulthood.
My ideal client experiences challenges in life while managing anxiety, depression and life stressors. Challenges such as relational difficulties, life transitions, and emotion regulation and understanding. My ideal client aims to understand and manage their emotions better, develop healthier relationships and build resilience. My ideal client is open to evidence-based practices to change behavior, reduce stress and cultivate self awareness. My ideal client is between the age of 13 into late adulthood.
(630) 382-8089 View (630) 382-8089
Photo of Natalie Rothstein, MA, LCPC, Counselor
Natalie Rothstein
Counselor, MA, LCPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Chicago, IL 60613
If you're looking to navigate difficulties in your life, learn more about yourself, become more mindful, grow or feel more comfortable with who you are, I may be a good therapist fit. I work with adults for individual therapy. My specialty areas include: anxiety, depression, grief & loss, life transitions, self-worth, relationship issues, body image, LGBTQ+, and more. I'm a trauma-informed therapist and I strive to incorporate an anti-racist and anti-oppression lens that considers harm reduction. I continue to explore these areas through learning and doing work to deepen my understanding and awareness personally and professionally.
If you're looking to navigate difficulties in your life, learn more about yourself, become more mindful, grow or feel more comfortable with who you are, I may be a good therapist fit. I work with adults for individual therapy. My specialty areas include: anxiety, depression, grief & loss, life transitions, self-worth, relationship issues, body image, LGBTQ+, and more. I'm a trauma-informed therapist and I strive to incorporate an anti-racist and anti-oppression lens that considers harm reduction. I continue to explore these areas through learning and doing work to deepen my understanding and awareness personally and professionally.
(872) 239-3138 View (872) 239-3138
Ruth Altman
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MA, LCSW
Verified Verified
Chicago, IL 60614  (Online Only)
I specialize in helping adults and couples understand internal and interpersonal factors. We work together to make use of this understanding to facilitate healing and conflict resolution, and to foster meaningful lifestyle changes and satisfying relationships. I have practiced psychotherapy for more than 30 years, have had extensive post-graduate training in psychodynamic psychotherapy at the St. Louis Psychoanalytic Institute and in family therapy at Provident Counseling. For many years I taught at the St. Louis Psychoanalytic Institute in the Advanced Psychotherapy training program and in the Community Education program.
I specialize in helping adults and couples understand internal and interpersonal factors. We work together to make use of this understanding to facilitate healing and conflict resolution, and to foster meaningful lifestyle changes and satisfying relationships. I have practiced psychotherapy for more than 30 years, have had extensive post-graduate training in psychodynamic psychotherapy at the St. Louis Psychoanalytic Institute and in family therapy at Provident Counseling. For many years I taught at the St. Louis Psychoanalytic Institute in the Advanced Psychotherapy training program and in the Community Education program.
(872) 204-2460 View (872) 204-2460
Photo of Kristen Barry, MA
Kristen Barry
MA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Chicago, IL 60602
In the therapeutic setting, my goal is to provide clients the space to be their most authentic selves. Too often in society, we are forced to wear a façade, or be a fraction of ourselves in any given space, for fear of being “too much” or fear of not being accepted fully. In our sessions, I encourage you to take up space unapologetically. I love being able to help my clients discover their real selves and give them the tools to overcome any obstacles in their journeys towards wellness. I show up to sessions as my authentic self, and I encourage my clients to do the same. The work begins where the masks end.
In the therapeutic setting, my goal is to provide clients the space to be their most authentic selves. Too often in society, we are forced to wear a façade, or be a fraction of ourselves in any given space, for fear of being “too much” or fear of not being accepted fully. In our sessions, I encourage you to take up space unapologetically. I love being able to help my clients discover their real selves and give them the tools to overcome any obstacles in their journeys towards wellness. I show up to sessions as my authentic self, and I encourage my clients to do the same. The work begins where the masks end.
(312) 374-6977 View (312) 374-6977
Photo of Brittany Gray, LCPC
Brittany Gray
Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor, LCPC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Chicago, IL 60604
I work with adults and couples who seek to gain a deeper understanding of themselves and how they show up in this world. I want to assist people in becoming their fully realized emotional selves by creating a non-judgmental and sex-positive space for them to safely explore their feelings and share their vulnerabilities. The therapeutic relationship, and collaboration within it, is a crucial component of my work and something that I build and honor throughout the therapeutic process. Clinical areas include neurodivergence, anxiety, depression, identity/sexuality exploration, relationships, trauma, and sex-related issues.
I work with adults and couples who seek to gain a deeper understanding of themselves and how they show up in this world. I want to assist people in becoming their fully realized emotional selves by creating a non-judgmental and sex-positive space for them to safely explore their feelings and share their vulnerabilities. The therapeutic relationship, and collaboration within it, is a crucial component of my work and something that I build and honor throughout the therapeutic process. Clinical areas include neurodivergence, anxiety, depression, identity/sexuality exploration, relationships, trauma, and sex-related issues.
(630) 446-6369 View (630) 446-6369
Photo of Patrice Marie Cross, MA, LCPC, Counselor
Patrice Marie Cross
Counselor, MA, LCPC
Verified Verified
Chicago, IL 60617  (Online Only)
I am a strength-based, caring, and non-judgmental counselor who enjoys building relationships with individuals of all different backgrounds. I take an approach where I believe in identifying positive qualities in an individual and utilizing those qualities to help a person improve in the areas where they are experiencing challenges. I strive to promote self-acceptance where a person can grow to their fullest potential; therefore I tailor my sessions to each individual. My approach is to provide a safe and warm environment where a person feels free to share their experiences and concerns without judgment.
I am a strength-based, caring, and non-judgmental counselor who enjoys building relationships with individuals of all different backgrounds. I take an approach where I believe in identifying positive qualities in an individual and utilizing those qualities to help a person improve in the areas where they are experiencing challenges. I strive to promote self-acceptance where a person can grow to their fullest potential; therefore I tailor my sessions to each individual. My approach is to provide a safe and warm environment where a person feels free to share their experiences and concerns without judgment.
(773) 985-2870 View (773) 985-2870
Photo of Sarah Razo, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Sarah Razo
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Chicago, IL 60630
Life pulls us in all different directions. Sometimes the direction is exciting and sometimes it's overwhelming. I'd be honored to help you walk through the parts of life that feel like too much. I specialize in working with people dealing with trauma, chronic illness, grief, and people who care for others. I work with a trauma informed approach and somatic approach to help you reach your goals.
Life pulls us in all different directions. Sometimes the direction is exciting and sometimes it's overwhelming. I'd be honored to help you walk through the parts of life that feel like too much. I specialize in working with people dealing with trauma, chronic illness, grief, and people who care for others. I work with a trauma informed approach and somatic approach to help you reach your goals.
(773) 378-9382 View (773) 378-9382
Photo of Fabrice Robert Lubin, PsyD, LCP, Psychologist
Fabrice Robert Lubin
Psychologist, PsyD, LCP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Chicago, IL 60647
Having been involved in the mental health field for over a decade, working across various setting (hospitals, VA, college) I now focus on those eager to enhance their creativity, community, and value-driven experiences. As the founder of an organization that has seen significant growth, my interest lies in supporting leaders—whether they are in creative roles, parenting, or mental health professions—who struggle with the demands of their work environments and the prioritization of their own healing. I believe relationships are formed in repair and I am useful to those seeking to deepen the interpersonal and cultural spaces.
Having been involved in the mental health field for over a decade, working across various setting (hospitals, VA, college) I now focus on those eager to enhance their creativity, community, and value-driven experiences. As the founder of an organization that has seen significant growth, my interest lies in supporting leaders—whether they are in creative roles, parenting, or mental health professions—who struggle with the demands of their work environments and the prioritization of their own healing. I believe relationships are formed in repair and I am useful to those seeking to deepen the interpersonal and cultural spaces.
(773) 786-9903 View (773) 786-9903
Photo of Malarie Marquez, MA, LPC, NCC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Malarie Marquez
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Chicago, IL 60611  (Online Only)
Do you ever feel misunderstood? Do you long for a safe, inclusive space where you can freely express your vulnerabilities and emotions freely, without the fear of judgment? Have you outgrown a past version of yourself that your family and friends are unwilling to let go of and want to learn ways to cope with it? My name is Malarie Marquez and I am a Nationally Certified and Licensed Professional Counselor. I am particularly experienced in helping clients with identity development, developing healthy relationships, complicated grief, intimate relationship trauma, navigating college and education and perinatal mental healthcare.
Do you ever feel misunderstood? Do you long for a safe, inclusive space where you can freely express your vulnerabilities and emotions freely, without the fear of judgment? Have you outgrown a past version of yourself that your family and friends are unwilling to let go of and want to learn ways to cope with it? My name is Malarie Marquez and I am a Nationally Certified and Licensed Professional Counselor. I am particularly experienced in helping clients with identity development, developing healthy relationships, complicated grief, intimate relationship trauma, navigating college and education and perinatal mental healthcare.
(312) 525-3028 View (312) 525-3028
Photo of Johna Peterson, MA, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Johna Peterson
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Chicago, IL 60604
At the end of the day I believe we are all basically doing our best . My job is to facilitate in understanding the meanings behind behaviors and feelings that are disrupting your life or relationships. I work on getting to know you at your own pace, as I believe that this is the best way for an authentic relationship to develop.
At the end of the day I believe we are all basically doing our best . My job is to facilitate in understanding the meanings behind behaviors and feelings that are disrupting your life or relationships. I work on getting to know you at your own pace, as I believe that this is the best way for an authentic relationship to develop.
(872) 401-8890 View (872) 401-8890
Photo of Elizabeth Moreno, LSW, MSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Elizabeth Moreno
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LSW, MSW
Verified Verified
Chicago, IL 60643
I am a bi-lingual (English and Spanish) Licensed Social Worker serving young people and adults who want to start their process of learning how to care for their emotional well-being and healing. I have experience with people working through depression, bipolar disorder, substance use, grief, sex & intimacy, trauma, anxiety, adjustment disorders, divorce, domestic violence, immigration, life transitions, peer relationships, relationship issues, self esteem, and stress.
I am a bi-lingual (English and Spanish) Licensed Social Worker serving young people and adults who want to start their process of learning how to care for their emotional well-being and healing. I have experience with people working through depression, bipolar disorder, substance use, grief, sex & intimacy, trauma, anxiety, adjustment disorders, divorce, domestic violence, immigration, life transitions, peer relationships, relationship issues, self esteem, and stress.
(773) 985-7002 View (773) 985-7002
Photo of Tom Undine, MSW, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Tom Undine
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
Chicago, IL 60605
I provide quality mental health counseling and therapy that is thoughtfully tailored to your needs. Our work together will address concerns in an empowering and centering way that produces substantive change. My approach is connective (Therapy works best when we are able to connect and work well together) and directive (by directive I mean that I give things for you to do during the week like writing, journaling, reading, exercises, reflections, and/or activities). I'm known for being helpful with people who have been through therapy and haven't had success. I help people find aliveness, creativity, and strength.
I provide quality mental health counseling and therapy that is thoughtfully tailored to your needs. Our work together will address concerns in an empowering and centering way that produces substantive change. My approach is connective (Therapy works best when we are able to connect and work well together) and directive (by directive I mean that I give things for you to do during the week like writing, journaling, reading, exercises, reflections, and/or activities). I'm known for being helpful with people who have been through therapy and haven't had success. I help people find aliveness, creativity, and strength.
(773) 717-2920 View (773) 717-2920
Photo of Katie Baker, Counselor
Katie Baker
Counselor
Verified Verified
Chicago, IL 60657  (Online Only)
I believe in the resiliency of the human spirit and that our most painful experiences through time and healing can produce some of our most powerful personal growth. However, often it is not a straight line to getting to a more positive space but rather full of ups and downs and starts and stops. My presence with you in therapy is to explore with and support you on your journey wherever you are and wherever you want to go. My approach to working with you is to provide a compassionate environment that holds you as the expert of your life but allows for gentle insight and challenging.
I believe in the resiliency of the human spirit and that our most painful experiences through time and healing can produce some of our most powerful personal growth. However, often it is not a straight line to getting to a more positive space but rather full of ups and downs and starts and stops. My presence with you in therapy is to explore with and support you on your journey wherever you are and wherever you want to go. My approach to working with you is to provide a compassionate environment that holds you as the expert of your life but allows for gentle insight and challenging.
(872) 252-7534 View (872) 252-7534
Photo of Molly Quinn, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Molly Quinn
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Chicago, IL 60606  (Online Only)
I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker, born and raised in rural Illinois. I have been working in the mental health field for over 5 years. I have a passion for working with the LGBTQIA+ community.
I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker, born and raised in rural Illinois. I have been working in the mental health field for over 5 years. I have a passion for working with the LGBTQIA+ community.
(224) 529-0168 View (224) 529-0168

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Chicago, IL

3,000+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in Chicago, IL who prioritize treating:

93% Anxiety
88% Depression
79% Relationship Issues
77% Self Esteem
71% Trauma and PTSD
67% Life Transitions
66% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

95% BlueCross and BlueShield
61% Aetna
49% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in Chicago, IL see their clients

63% In Person and Online
37% Online Only

Gender breakdown

78% Female
19% Male
3% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Chicago?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.