Therapists in Chicago, IL

View neighborhoods in Chicago
Photo of Kori C Mill, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Chicago, IL
Kori C Mill
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MA, LCSW, BCD
Verified
Chicago, IL 60614
Have you been in emotional pain for a long time, or do you feel that you are currently in a state of crisis? I can offer you an empathic and collaborative relationship that is focused on your healing and development. I will support and assist you in a process of self-exploration that involves making connections between your past experiences and your present relationships and functioning. Together we will identify your self-defeating patterns of perception and behavior and discover your own unique capacities for growth and change.
Have you been in emotional pain for a long time, or do you feel that you are currently in a state of crisis? I can offer you an empathic and collaborative relationship that is focused on your healing and development. I will support and assist you in a process of self-exploration that involves making connections between your past experiences and your present relationships and functioning. Together we will identify your self-defeating patterns of perception and behavior and discover your own unique capacities for growth and change.
(773) 717-2918 View (773) 717-2918
Photo of Christy Reh, Psychologist in Chicago, IL
Christy Reh
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
3 Endorsed
Chicago, IL 60602
Not accepting new clients
Finding the right therapist is incredibly important and I strive to create a non-judgmental and safe therapeutic environment. I work primarily with individual adult clients with a specialization in working with emerging adult women (ages 18 - 30) but also treat adolescents and their parents when the adolescent is struggling with an eating disorder. Within therapy, I focus on understanding your emotions, expressing your emotions in a healthy and constructive way, relationships, and how early childhood and family experiences have affected you so you are better able to create healthy coping mechanisms for the stresses of daily life.
Finding the right therapist is incredibly important and I strive to create a non-judgmental and safe therapeutic environment. I work primarily with individual adult clients with a specialization in working with emerging adult women (ages 18 - 30) but also treat adolescents and their parents when the adolescent is struggling with an eating disorder. Within therapy, I focus on understanding your emotions, expressing your emotions in a healthy and constructive way, relationships, and how early childhood and family experiences have affected you so you are better able to create healthy coping mechanisms for the stresses of daily life.
(312) 646-4540 View (312) 646-4540
Photo of Gail Gogliotti, Counselor in Chicago, IL
Gail Gogliotti
Counselor, LCPC, BC-DMT
Verified
Chicago, IL 60657
I am a clinical counselor and dance/movement therapist, and that means I use both talking and movement to help my clients explore ways to find balance and achieve positive change. I frequently work with adults and couples to help improve communication patterns, process grief and loss, integrate trauma, and find stability during all of life’s ups and downs. My goal is to help you find balance and live a life that you create, want and deserve. I use verbal and non-verbal cues from my clients to help them understand how they process their experiences and interact with the world. Web info: www.kinespherecounseling.com
I am a clinical counselor and dance/movement therapist, and that means I use both talking and movement to help my clients explore ways to find balance and achieve positive change. I frequently work with adults and couples to help improve communication patterns, process grief and loss, integrate trauma, and find stability during all of life’s ups and downs. My goal is to help you find balance and live a life that you create, want and deserve. I use verbal and non-verbal cues from my clients to help them understand how they process their experiences and interact with the world. Web info: www.kinespherecounseling.com
(773) 823-0890 View (773) 823-0890
Photo of Joshua Bird-Martinez, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Chicago, IL
Joshua Bird-Martinez
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Chicago, IL 60661  (Online Only)
Our experiences don't define us, but rather they shape how we navigate our lives and relationships. The journey into therapy can feel overwhelming, requiring us to open up to a stranger and share our most challenging moments. My goal is to work collaboratively with you to learn about those challenges and how to best support you as you embark on this journey of healing.
Our experiences don't define us, but rather they shape how we navigate our lives and relationships. The journey into therapy can feel overwhelming, requiring us to open up to a stranger and share our most challenging moments. My goal is to work collaboratively with you to learn about those challenges and how to best support you as you embark on this journey of healing.
(773) 389-1916 View (773) 389-1916
Photo of Abena Ntim-Addae, Pre-Licensed Professional in Chicago, IL
Abena Ntim-Addae
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA , NCC, LPC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Chicago, IL 60613
Through rapport-building and a collaborative, judgment-free therapeutic relationship, I strive to create a safe and comforting space in which my clients gain insight into their lives, feel empowered, and experience reduced symptoms. I aim to exude warmth and compassion with my clients and support them as they learn about their emotions, thoughts, and behaviors, and work towards their goals. My clients have described me as patient, trustworthy and engaging.
Through rapport-building and a collaborative, judgment-free therapeutic relationship, I strive to create a safe and comforting space in which my clients gain insight into their lives, feel empowered, and experience reduced symptoms. I aim to exude warmth and compassion with my clients and support them as they learn about their emotions, thoughts, and behaviors, and work towards their goals. My clients have described me as patient, trustworthy and engaging.
(872) 278-6039 View (872) 278-6039
Photo of Beverly Therapists, Counselor in Chicago, IL
Beverly Therapists
Counselor, LCSW, LCPC
Verified
Chicago, IL 60643
The way you feel today, no matter how bad, is just this day in time. Yet, times of crisis and struggle are powerful opportunities for change. We are here to help you through the difficult phases of your life. We strive to empower you to identify and use your strengths, and to manifest inner and outer changes resulting in greater happiness, self-assurance, and choices in your life. We are committed to support and help you achieve meaningful and lasting positive transformation tailored uniquely to you.
The way you feel today, no matter how bad, is just this day in time. Yet, times of crisis and struggle are powerful opportunities for change. We are here to help you through the difficult phases of your life. We strive to empower you to identify and use your strengths, and to manifest inner and outer changes resulting in greater happiness, self-assurance, and choices in your life. We are committed to support and help you achieve meaningful and lasting positive transformation tailored uniquely to you.
(773) 717-2934 View (773) 717-2934
Photo of Ashley Pittman, Counselor in Chicago, IL
Ashley Pittman
Counselor, MA, NCC, LCPC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Chicago, IL 60602  (Online Only)
I have experience treating children, adolescents, and adults with diverse backgrounds and a wide range of mental health concerns, including anger issues, anxiety, depression, and substance abuse. My training includes integrative, cognitive-behavioral, and mindfulness approaches to therapy, and I work out of a humanistic and person-centered approach. I possess a strong sense of compassion and commitment to helping people, while also creating a safe space to help people get unstuck.
I have experience treating children, adolescents, and adults with diverse backgrounds and a wide range of mental health concerns, including anger issues, anxiety, depression, and substance abuse. My training includes integrative, cognitive-behavioral, and mindfulness approaches to therapy, and I work out of a humanistic and person-centered approach. I possess a strong sense of compassion and commitment to helping people, while also creating a safe space to help people get unstuck.
(312) 516-2378 View (312) 516-2378
Photo of Ari Graff, Psychologist in Chicago, IL
Ari Graff
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
1 Endorsed
Chicago, IL 60641  (Online Only)
Are you a man that feels stuck? Do you need help with confidence, masculinity, marriage/romantic relationships, dating, purpose, leadership, self-discipline, and friendships? Many men feel stuck right now, unsure of what it means to be a man and how to feel good about it. We often get conflicting messages from our parents, our partners, and the broader culture about manhood and masculinity. Many people equate masculinity with toxic masculinity. If you’re struggling to figure out how to be a strong, confident man that is also kind and loving, then coaching or a men’s group may be right for you.
Are you a man that feels stuck? Do you need help with confidence, masculinity, marriage/romantic relationships, dating, purpose, leadership, self-discipline, and friendships? Many men feel stuck right now, unsure of what it means to be a man and how to feel good about it. We often get conflicting messages from our parents, our partners, and the broader culture about manhood and masculinity. Many people equate masculinity with toxic masculinity. If you’re struggling to figure out how to be a strong, confident man that is also kind and loving, then coaching or a men’s group may be right for you.
(708) 377-5209 View (708) 377-5209
Photo of NOCD- Therapists for OCD, Psychologist in Chicago, IL
NOCD- Therapists for OCD
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
Chicago, IL 60601  (Online Only)
Imagine what life would be like if you weren't bothered by OCD. NOCD is here to help you regain peace of mind. NOCD is a digital health company that’s focused on effectively treating people with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. Inside the NOCD mobile app, you can work with one of our licensed mental health therapists with specialty training in OCD. When your therapist isn’t available, access support communities and therapeutic tools - so that you are never alone. NOCD’s protocol has been proven to reduce OCD severity by 40% in less than 10 weeks.
Imagine what life would be like if you weren't bothered by OCD. NOCD is here to help you regain peace of mind. NOCD is a digital health company that’s focused on effectively treating people with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. Inside the NOCD mobile app, you can work with one of our licensed mental health therapists with specialty training in OCD. When your therapist isn’t available, access support communities and therapeutic tools - so that you are never alone. NOCD’s protocol has been proven to reduce OCD severity by 40% in less than 10 weeks.
(872) 231-0746 View (872) 231-0746
Photo of Taylor Johnson, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Chicago, IL
Taylor Johnson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Chicago, IL 60647  (Online Only)
Hi there! If you're scrolling through Psychology Today, I imagine you might be experiencing a life change or contemplating making a few. If so, this is a significant step. If I can, I would be happy to support you in this time of challenges or choices. It's helpful for therapy seekers and therapy providers to be in alignment on goals and approaches. So, if any of the following descriptions sound like you, we may be a great fit: 1. A young adult navigating life transitions who'd like a space to get curious & find clarity 2. A high achiever who could benefit from evaluating their lifestyle balance, sense of self & pressure to perform
Hi there! If you're scrolling through Psychology Today, I imagine you might be experiencing a life change or contemplating making a few. If so, this is a significant step. If I can, I would be happy to support you in this time of challenges or choices. It's helpful for therapy seekers and therapy providers to be in alignment on goals and approaches. So, if any of the following descriptions sound like you, we may be a great fit: 1. A young adult navigating life transitions who'd like a space to get curious & find clarity 2. A high achiever who could benefit from evaluating their lifestyle balance, sense of self & pressure to perform
(312) 836-7727 View (312) 836-7727
Photo of Brian Tobin, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Chicago, IL
Brian Tobin
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
3 Endorsed
Chicago, IL 60605
I utilize Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), along with influences of Client-centered therapy and Humanistic philosophy, Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) as well as Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) and am trained in Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR).
I utilize Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), along with influences of Client-centered therapy and Humanistic philosophy, Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) as well as Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) and am trained in Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR).
(872) 395-6018 View (872) 395-6018
Photo of Katie Bell Catalano, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Chicago, IL
Katie Bell Catalano
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Chicago, IL 60601
I have worked with individuals of all ages who are experiencing various stressors such as adults experiencing depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, trauma, relationship issues, career discernment, struggles with identity and substance abuse problems. I have also worked with teenagers and adolescents who are having difficulties with school, peer pressure, and/or a history of trauma. I enjoy working with couples and families, as well. I am also interested in the intersection between physical health and mental health as I believe in a holistic therapeutic approach.
I have worked with individuals of all ages who are experiencing various stressors such as adults experiencing depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, trauma, relationship issues, career discernment, struggles with identity and substance abuse problems. I have also worked with teenagers and adolescents who are having difficulties with school, peer pressure, and/or a history of trauma. I enjoy working with couples and families, as well. I am also interested in the intersection between physical health and mental health as I believe in a holistic therapeutic approach.
(312) 554-3861 View (312) 554-3861
Photo of Eun-Yeop Lee, Psychologist in Chicago, IL
Eun-Yeop Lee
Psychologist, PhD, LBA
Verified
Chicago, IL 60614
Dr. Eun-Yeop Lee is an MA and IL Licensed Psychologist (Pediatric Neuropsychologist), Nationally Certified School Psychologist (NCSP) and Board-Certified Behavior Analyst (BCBA). She completed her doctorate in School Psychology with a specialization in Pediatric Health Issues at the University of South Florida. She has trained and worked across children's hospitals, outpatient clinics, private practice settings in Boston and Chicago.
Dr. Eun-Yeop Lee is an MA and IL Licensed Psychologist (Pediatric Neuropsychologist), Nationally Certified School Psychologist (NCSP) and Board-Certified Behavior Analyst (BCBA). She completed her doctorate in School Psychology with a specialization in Pediatric Health Issues at the University of South Florida. She has trained and worked across children's hospitals, outpatient clinics, private practice settings in Boston and Chicago.
(339) 329-9508 View (339) 329-9508
Photo of Jarom Matheson, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Chicago, IL
Jarom Matheson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified
Chicago, IL 60626  (Online Only)
We have our own journey full of triumphs, struggles, and failure. Therapy is a perfect format to process and come to the understanding of where and why you are that brings you to seek the service. My belief is that therapy is the place for the person to process and discuss each unique experience without judgment and develop a healthy way to cope or come to terms with the consequences. Therapy also can be your opportunity to be seen and heard, which would help you move toward the acceptance of yourself.
We have our own journey full of triumphs, struggles, and failure. Therapy is a perfect format to process and come to the understanding of where and why you are that brings you to seek the service. My belief is that therapy is the place for the person to process and discuss each unique experience without judgment and develop a healthy way to cope or come to terms with the consequences. Therapy also can be your opportunity to be seen and heard, which would help you move toward the acceptance of yourself.
(240) 380-2577 View (240) 380-2577
Photo of Cara McCanse, Psychologist in Chicago, IL
Cara McCanse
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
Chicago, IL 60661  (Online Only)
A fundamental human need is to feel emotionally close to others. Difficulty connecting in a platonic or romantic way can leave one feeling sad, anxious, and lonely. Often, we retreat from attempted connection to avoid potential pain. Alternately, because we don't know any different or don't want to feel disconnected, we become involved with others who cause us more interpersonal stress. But isolating or engaging with harmful others can cause us to feel vulnerable, damaged, and upset with ourselves. This pattern often leads us to question if we are capable and deserving of joining and creating mutually beneficial relationships.
A fundamental human need is to feel emotionally close to others. Difficulty connecting in a platonic or romantic way can leave one feeling sad, anxious, and lonely. Often, we retreat from attempted connection to avoid potential pain. Alternately, because we don't know any different or don't want to feel disconnected, we become involved with others who cause us more interpersonal stress. But isolating or engaging with harmful others can cause us to feel vulnerable, damaged, and upset with ourselves. This pattern often leads us to question if we are capable and deserving of joining and creating mutually beneficial relationships.
(312) 257-3625 View (312) 257-3625
Photo of Jaclyn Driscoll, Marriage & Family Therapist Intern in Chicago, IL
Jaclyn Driscoll
Marriage & Family Therapist Intern, BA
Verified
Chicago, IL 60622
My passion lies in working with adolescents and young adults dealing with self-esteem challenges, self-harm, disordered eating, and substance abuse. Additionally, I am deeply interested in guiding individuals through various topics, including ethical non-monogamy/polyamory, divorce, uncoupling, infidelity, betrayal, sexual trauma, grief, anxiety, depression, boundary setting, transitions, and family dynamics. Through compassionate counseling, I aim to empower clients to lead fulfilling lives and cultivate healthier, more meaningful relationships.
My passion lies in working with adolescents and young adults dealing with self-esteem challenges, self-harm, disordered eating, and substance abuse. Additionally, I am deeply interested in guiding individuals through various topics, including ethical non-monogamy/polyamory, divorce, uncoupling, infidelity, betrayal, sexual trauma, grief, anxiety, depression, boundary setting, transitions, and family dynamics. Through compassionate counseling, I aim to empower clients to lead fulfilling lives and cultivate healthier, more meaningful relationships.
(773) 974-9351 View (773) 974-9351
Photo of Alysha Burd, Licensed Professional Counselor in Chicago, IL
Alysha Burd
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Chicago, IL 60614
Carl Rogers once said “The good life is a process, not a state of being. It is a direction, not a destination”. Meeting you where you are at and walking with you through the journey that is life is my goal as your clinician. I strive to create a safe and warm environment for you to share without judgement. You are the expert of your own life, and I am here to give you space to explore your authentic self. I value you and all the identities you hold, and I am committed to honoring and celebrating those identities throughout our time together.
Carl Rogers once said “The good life is a process, not a state of being. It is a direction, not a destination”. Meeting you where you are at and walking with you through the journey that is life is my goal as your clinician. I strive to create a safe and warm environment for you to share without judgement. You are the expert of your own life, and I am here to give you space to explore your authentic self. I value you and all the identities you hold, and I am committed to honoring and celebrating those identities throughout our time together.
(872) 278-3805 View (872) 278-3805
Photo of Anne Elyse Morrill-Ploum, Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor in Chicago, IL
Anne Elyse Morrill-Ploum
Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor, MA, LCPC, CCTP
Verified
Chicago, IL 60643
Hi, I am a child, adolescent and young adult therapist. I see clients from 3-25 years. I have a strong passion for working with adoptive families and all the challenges that this brings, and I also treat anxiety, depression, mood disorders, kids and teens with huge behaviors, ADHD and executive skills deficits, learning disabilities, attachment, trauma, domestic abuse, sexual, emotional and physical abuse, developmental issues. I also do a lot of parenting work, and I teach Robyn Gobbel's parenting course. I work with a parent in the room for children under 12, as parents become my co-therapist, carrying on the work at home.
Hi, I am a child, adolescent and young adult therapist. I see clients from 3-25 years. I have a strong passion for working with adoptive families and all the challenges that this brings, and I also treat anxiety, depression, mood disorders, kids and teens with huge behaviors, ADHD and executive skills deficits, learning disabilities, attachment, trauma, domestic abuse, sexual, emotional and physical abuse, developmental issues. I also do a lot of parenting work, and I teach Robyn Gobbel's parenting course. I work with a parent in the room for children under 12, as parents become my co-therapist, carrying on the work at home.
(773) 923-1874 View (773) 923-1874
Photo of Tony Peters, Pre-Licensed Professional in Chicago, IL
Tony Peters
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA
Verified
1 Endorsed
Chicago, IL 60657
I believe the catalyst for change lies in acknowledging aspects of your life that no longer serve you. This recognition, along with a genuine desire for change, provides the foundation for your collaborative journey. Drawing on diverse perspectives and each person's unique experience, my role is to guide you toward not just believing but envisioning the effectiveness of the solutions we co-create. Together, we'll identify a path toward meaningful and sustainable change with clear goals and tangible steps, where you feel empowered to take action.
I believe the catalyst for change lies in acknowledging aspects of your life that no longer serve you. This recognition, along with a genuine desire for change, provides the foundation for your collaborative journey. Drawing on diverse perspectives and each person's unique experience, my role is to guide you toward not just believing but envisioning the effectiveness of the solutions we co-create. Together, we'll identify a path toward meaningful and sustainable change with clear goals and tangible steps, where you feel empowered to take action.
(872) 901-7399 x10 View (872) 901-7399 x10
Photo of Monique Spells, Licensed Social Worker in Chicago, IL
Monique Spells
Licensed Social Worker, LSW
Verified
Chicago, IL 60640  (Online Only)
I have experience working with adolescents and at-risk youth in a school setting; as well as working with displaced families and individuals who have experienced homelessness. I work with clients who have: anxiety, depression, sociocultural stressors and other concerns.
I have experience working with adolescents and at-risk youth in a school setting; as well as working with displaced families and individuals who have experienced homelessness. I work with clients who have: anxiety, depression, sociocultural stressors and other concerns.
(773) 819-6846 View (773) 819-6846

See more therapy options for Chicago

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Chicago, IL

3,000+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in Chicago, IL who prioritize treating:

93% Anxiety
88% Depression
79% Relationship Issues
78% Self Esteem
70% Trauma and PTSD
67% Coping Skills
67% Stress

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

94% BlueCross and BlueShield
58% Aetna
48% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in Chicago, IL see their clients

64% In Person and Online
36% Online Only

Gender breakdown

79% Female
18% Male
3% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Chicago?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.