Therapists in Chicago, IL

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Photo of Meghan Kean, Psychologist in Chicago, IL
Meghan Kean
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Chicago, IL 60643
Reaching out and asking for help is often a brave and difficult first step. There are many reasons why people seek out therapy. I work to create a safe and supportive environment for all of my clients, so that they may begin to explore and understand themselves, their feelings, and their way of relating to others. I believe that therapy is a collaborative process and a strong therapeutic relationship enables change to happen. I tailor my approach to meet each of my client's unique needs.
Reaching out and asking for help is often a brave and difficult first step. There are many reasons why people seek out therapy. I work to create a safe and supportive environment for all of my clients, so that they may begin to explore and understand themselves, their feelings, and their way of relating to others. I believe that therapy is a collaborative process and a strong therapeutic relationship enables change to happen. I tailor my approach to meet each of my client's unique needs.
(773) 417-1204 View (773) 417-1204
Photo of Dr. Bianca J. Clark, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Chicago, IL
Dr. Bianca J. Clark
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, PhD, LCSW, LPHA
Verified Verified
Chicago, IL 60606  (Online Only)
Hi! My name is Dr. Bianca Clark, and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW). I have a doctorate degree in Advanced Studies in Human Behavior, I have a bachelor's and master's degree in social work. My bachelor's degree is from Loyola University Chicago and my master's degree is from Chicago State University. My background includes mental health, juvenile delinquency, and child welfare. I have worked in behavioral health, outpatient mental health, psychiatric services, crisis, and juvenile justice centers.
Hi! My name is Dr. Bianca Clark, and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW). I have a doctorate degree in Advanced Studies in Human Behavior, I have a bachelor's and master's degree in social work. My bachelor's degree is from Loyola University Chicago and my master's degree is from Chicago State University. My background includes mental health, juvenile delinquency, and child welfare. I have worked in behavioral health, outpatient mental health, psychiatric services, crisis, and juvenile justice centers.
(630) 426-7886 View (630) 426-7886
Photo of Liliana Carrillo, Licensed Professional Counselor in Chicago, IL
Liliana Carrillo
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LCPC
Verified Verified
Chicago, IL 60657  (Online Only)
As a Bilingual counselor (English/Spanish), I want to provide support to a diverse population in an environment where individuals are able to communicate their needs and express themselves in their native language. I believe that language opens the door for creating and strengthening relationships. Life can be a rollercoaster of emotions, but that does not mean you have to face the highs and the lows alone.
As a Bilingual counselor (English/Spanish), I want to provide support to a diverse population in an environment where individuals are able to communicate their needs and express themselves in their native language. I believe that language opens the door for creating and strengthening relationships. Life can be a rollercoaster of emotions, but that does not mean you have to face the highs and the lows alone.
(773) 249-9227 View (773) 249-9227
Photo of Bethany Bacon, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Chicago, IL
Bethany Bacon
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Chicago, IL 60602  (Online Only)
I do my best work with adults who are challenging themselves to increase self-awareness, heal from past hurts, grow in current relationships, and prioritize their emotional and mental health needs. I regularly work with individuals who are working towards building self-confidence and are experiencing anxiety, depression, religious trauma, interpersonal issues, attachment concerns, PTSD, and women-specific concerns.
I do my best work with adults who are challenging themselves to increase self-awareness, heal from past hurts, grow in current relationships, and prioritize their emotional and mental health needs. I regularly work with individuals who are working towards building self-confidence and are experiencing anxiety, depression, religious trauma, interpersonal issues, attachment concerns, PTSD, and women-specific concerns.
(312) 257-3694 x2 View (312) 257-3694 x2
Photo of Rachel Guy, Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor in Chicago, IL
Rachel Guy
Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor, LCPC
Verified Verified
Chicago, IL 60657
Rachel Guy's, LCPC focus of therapy is that therapy is not one size fits all. Rachel likes to pull pieces from different theoretical orientations to best suit the individual. Rachel believes that the client is the expert in their own life and the role of herself as the therapist is to help guide the client to identifying methods to improve overall functioning and well-being that are conducive to their life in a empathic and non-judgmental supportive environment. Rachel also offers art therapy services for clients who are interested in exploring the healing processing through a creative lens.
Rachel Guy's, LCPC focus of therapy is that therapy is not one size fits all. Rachel likes to pull pieces from different theoretical orientations to best suit the individual. Rachel believes that the client is the expert in their own life and the role of herself as the therapist is to help guide the client to identifying methods to improve overall functioning and well-being that are conducive to their life in a empathic and non-judgmental supportive environment. Rachel also offers art therapy services for clients who are interested in exploring the healing processing through a creative lens.
(872) 278-5230 View (872) 278-5230
Photo of Root to Rise Psychotherapy, PLLC, Psychologist in Chicago, IL
Root to Rise Psychotherapy, PLLC
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Chicago, IL 60611  (Online Only)
My primary focus is adults presenting with histories of early and/or chronic trauma (Complex or Developmental Trauma). I work with persons experiencing depression, anxiety, self-harm, difficulties with developmental life transitions, difficulties with mood/emotional dysregulation, issues of separation and loss, abuse (sexual, physical, domestic), relationship issues, grief and loss, as well as difficulties launching into emerging adulthood.
My primary focus is adults presenting with histories of early and/or chronic trauma (Complex or Developmental Trauma). I work with persons experiencing depression, anxiety, self-harm, difficulties with developmental life transitions, difficulties with mood/emotional dysregulation, issues of separation and loss, abuse (sexual, physical, domestic), relationship issues, grief and loss, as well as difficulties launching into emerging adulthood.
(312) 847-2638 View (312) 847-2638
Photo of Heather Beller, Counselor in Chicago, IL
Heather Beller
Counselor, LCPC, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
Chicago, IL 60660  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
Are you exhausted from the relentless pursuit of perfection, always feeling like you fall short no matter how hard you try? Do loved ones tell you "you're too hard on yourself!" and you don't buy it? Do you often find yourself overwhelmed by the fear of conflict or letting others down, sacrificing your own happiness and peace of mind in the process? If these struggles resonate with you, you're not alone. I've helped many folks, often women, who identify as people-pleasers, approval-seekers, and perfectionists, and experience these challenges on a daily basis, feeling trapped in a cycle of self-doubt, constant striving, and burn out.
Are you exhausted from the relentless pursuit of perfection, always feeling like you fall short no matter how hard you try? Do loved ones tell you "you're too hard on yourself!" and you don't buy it? Do you often find yourself overwhelmed by the fear of conflict or letting others down, sacrificing your own happiness and peace of mind in the process? If these struggles resonate with you, you're not alone. I've helped many folks, often women, who identify as people-pleasers, approval-seekers, and perfectionists, and experience these challenges on a daily basis, feeling trapped in a cycle of self-doubt, constant striving, and burn out.
(773) 249-9277 View (773) 249-9277
Photo of Tia Shaha, Licensed Professional Counselor in Chicago, IL
Tia Shaha
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Chicago, IL 60601  (Online Only)
My areas of interest include working with adolescents, young adults, and families/couples. In addition, as a South Asian immigrant, I am passionate about working with the BIPOC and immigrant communities to help normalize therapy. I know that these populations often experience struggles specifically relating to their identity and culture and thus I am always working through a culturally competent lens and learning how intersectionality affects one’s mental health. Overall, I help guide those I work with through life challenges, the difficulties of interpersonal relationships, the complex reactions of trauma, and anxiety/stress.
My areas of interest include working with adolescents, young adults, and families/couples. In addition, as a South Asian immigrant, I am passionate about working with the BIPOC and immigrant communities to help normalize therapy. I know that these populations often experience struggles specifically relating to their identity and culture and thus I am always working through a culturally competent lens and learning how intersectionality affects one’s mental health. Overall, I help guide those I work with through life challenges, the difficulties of interpersonal relationships, the complex reactions of trauma, and anxiety/stress.
(312) 847-0832 View (312) 847-0832
Photo of Mary Gende, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Chicago, IL
Mary Gende
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LSW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Chicago, IL 60657
Hello! I’m Mary Gende, and I specialize in working with kids, adolescents and families. I have worked in an elementary school setting for several years helping students address emotional regulation, social skills, anxiety management, grief management, depression, suicidal thoughts, and more. I am passionate about helping people of all ages gain the necessary tools to cope with life’s ups and downs, because I believe that with time and support, we are all capable of managing stress and distress, along with any other emotions we may encounter.
Hello! I’m Mary Gende, and I specialize in working with kids, adolescents and families. I have worked in an elementary school setting for several years helping students address emotional regulation, social skills, anxiety management, grief management, depression, suicidal thoughts, and more. I am passionate about helping people of all ages gain the necessary tools to cope with life’s ups and downs, because I believe that with time and support, we are all capable of managing stress and distress, along with any other emotions we may encounter.
(872) 278-6029 x508 View (872) 278-6029 x508
Photo of Dr. Jessica Brennan, Psychologist in Chicago, IL
Dr. Jessica Brennan
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Chicago, IL 60640
Dr. Jessica Brennan takes a personalized and holistic approach to psychotherapy. As both a licensed clinical psychologist and certified yoga teacher, she incorporates the needs of the mind, body and emotional self into treatment. Dr. Brennan works with clients to help them identify personal goals, increase insight into problematic behaviors and establish balanced coping skills. She provides support and strategies to increase overall happiness, productivity and life satisfaction.
Dr. Jessica Brennan takes a personalized and holistic approach to psychotherapy. As both a licensed clinical psychologist and certified yoga teacher, she incorporates the needs of the mind, body and emotional self into treatment. Dr. Brennan works with clients to help them identify personal goals, increase insight into problematic behaviors and establish balanced coping skills. She provides support and strategies to increase overall happiness, productivity and life satisfaction.
(630) 474-6217 View (630) 474-6217
Photo of Lindsay Sherman, Counselor in Chicago, IL
Lindsay Sherman
Counselor, MAAT, LCPC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Chicago, IL 60661
Are you struggling with emotions, career, relationships, or chronic pain, but not sure how to move forward? As we've all experienced through the pandemic to certain degrees; life events can be unexpected, overwhelming, and traumatic. You deserve space to process what brings you to therapy with a professional who can validate your experiences and commit to working with you, at your pace, to develop solutions. I work from a culturally-aware, trauma-informed perspective to ensure that you feel seen and heard, and offer Art Therapy. Non-judgmental by nature, I collaborate with clients by building on strengths to overcome challenges.
Are you struggling with emotions, career, relationships, or chronic pain, but not sure how to move forward? As we've all experienced through the pandemic to certain degrees; life events can be unexpected, overwhelming, and traumatic. You deserve space to process what brings you to therapy with a professional who can validate your experiences and commit to working with you, at your pace, to develop solutions. I work from a culturally-aware, trauma-informed perspective to ensure that you feel seen and heard, and offer Art Therapy. Non-judgmental by nature, I collaborate with clients by building on strengths to overcome challenges.
(312) 766-6893 View (312) 766-6893
Photo of David P Smith, Psychologist in Chicago, IL
David P Smith
Psychologist, MA, PhD
Verified Verified
Chicago, IL 60625
I've been a licensed clinical psychologist for over 24 years and have been working in the field for over 45. I received my Ph.D. from the University of Chicago and work in the Chicago area in hospitals and in private practice. My approach to therapy is integrative. I have certification in clinical hypnosis and like to work with patients on practical strategies to improve their lives. Once particular problems are addressed, addressing life's meaning and personal potential is always important.
I've been a licensed clinical psychologist for over 24 years and have been working in the field for over 45. I received my Ph.D. from the University of Chicago and work in the Chicago area in hospitals and in private practice. My approach to therapy is integrative. I have certification in clinical hypnosis and like to work with patients on practical strategies to improve their lives. Once particular problems are addressed, addressing life's meaning and personal potential is always important.
(872) 239-3768 View (872) 239-3768
Photo of Hannah Dunne, Licensed Professional Counselor in Chicago, IL
Hannah Dunne
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Chicago, IL 60614
As a human navigating an ever-changing world, it is my belief that we all hold knowledge, peace, and power within ourselves. However, I understand we do not always feel this way. My clinical background is working with children, adolescents, and adults. I have worked with clients experiencing anxiety, depression, ADHD, life transitions, grief, interpersonal difficulties, self-esteem, parent support, and issues surrounding impulse control and self-regulation. Additionally, I have experience working with individuals experiencing past trauma and am passionate about working with and empowering the LGBTQ+ community.
As a human navigating an ever-changing world, it is my belief that we all hold knowledge, peace, and power within ourselves. However, I understand we do not always feel this way. My clinical background is working with children, adolescents, and adults. I have worked with clients experiencing anxiety, depression, ADHD, life transitions, grief, interpersonal difficulties, self-esteem, parent support, and issues surrounding impulse control and self-regulation. Additionally, I have experience working with individuals experiencing past trauma and am passionate about working with and empowering the LGBTQ+ community.
(872) 266-3135 View (872) 266-3135
Photo of Robert Turk, Licensed Professional Counselor in Chicago, IL
Robert Turk
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Chicago, IL 60642
I am passionate about empowering people to flourish and find greater fulfillment amidst seasons of challenge and transition. Whether you are feeling stuck, lonely, emotionally exhausted, disconnected, anxious, or discouraged, let's work together to build healing and lasting positive change in your life. With my experience growing up internationally, I identify as an Adult Third Culture Kid and hold a special place for people with cross-cultural experiences who may be navigating culture shock, re-assimilation, plans to move, adoption, community building, bicultural relationships, separation from family, and other cultural challenges.
I am passionate about empowering people to flourish and find greater fulfillment amidst seasons of challenge and transition. Whether you are feeling stuck, lonely, emotionally exhausted, disconnected, anxious, or discouraged, let's work together to build healing and lasting positive change in your life. With my experience growing up internationally, I identify as an Adult Third Culture Kid and hold a special place for people with cross-cultural experiences who may be navigating culture shock, re-assimilation, plans to move, adoption, community building, bicultural relationships, separation from family, and other cultural challenges.
(708) 726-8816 x743 View (708) 726-8816 x743
Photo of Matt Lawson, Counselor in Chicago, IL
Matt Lawson
Counselor, MA, NCC, LPC
Verified Verified
Chicago, IL 60601
Are you ready to achieve optimal health? Over the past 20 years, I have helped hundreds of individuals improve their lifestyles through my work in health and fitness. Whether I was offering nutrition counseling, lifestyle coaching, or personal training, I have always appreciated the importance of helping clients develop wholeness between mind and body.
Are you ready to achieve optimal health? Over the past 20 years, I have helped hundreds of individuals improve their lifestyles through my work in health and fitness. Whether I was offering nutrition counseling, lifestyle coaching, or personal training, I have always appreciated the importance of helping clients develop wholeness between mind and body.
(312) 675-4922 x1 View (312) 675-4922 x1
Photo of Dr. Casey Gamboni, Marriage & Family Therapist in Chicago, IL
Dr. Casey Gamboni
Marriage & Family Therapist, PhD, LMFT
Verified Verified
Chicago, IL 60640
I work with individuals, couples, and families. I integrate multiple therapeutic models to fit his clients’ needs—exploring the significant relationships in their lives and emphasizing the role that their individual strengths play in achieving their goals.
I work with individuals, couples, and families. I integrate multiple therapeutic models to fit his clients’ needs—exploring the significant relationships in their lives and emphasizing the role that their individual strengths play in achieving their goals.
(773) 692-6631 x523 View (773) 692-6631 x523
Photo of Keith Varnel Wallace, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Chicago, IL
Keith Varnel Wallace
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, BA, MDiv, LCSW
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Chicago, IL 60643  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
I have a passion for holistic wellness of mind, body and Spirit in the lives of others. My therapeutic endeavors are focused on individuals, couples, children, adolescents, and families who are presently suffering from substance abuse, depression, anxiety disorders, trauma, grief, self esteem, sexual orientation issues and a wide array of life circumstances. As a seasoned psychotherapist, I blend compassion, intellectual insights, current research, and psychological awareness to create sacred spaces in which empowerment and hope may flourish. I welcome working with diverse clients in a colloaborative relationship in achieving ones goals.
I have a passion for holistic wellness of mind, body and Spirit in the lives of others. My therapeutic endeavors are focused on individuals, couples, children, adolescents, and families who are presently suffering from substance abuse, depression, anxiety disorders, trauma, grief, self esteem, sexual orientation issues and a wide array of life circumstances. As a seasoned psychotherapist, I blend compassion, intellectual insights, current research, and psychological awareness to create sacred spaces in which empowerment and hope may flourish. I welcome working with diverse clients in a colloaborative relationship in achieving ones goals.
(917) 746-5234 View (917) 746-5234
Photo of Alyssa Steinke, Marriage & Family Therapist in Chicago, IL
Alyssa Steinke
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, ATR
Verified Verified
Chicago, IL 60607  (Online Only)
Currently offering day and evening appointments Tuesdays, Wednesdays and Thursdays. The first step to seeking help can be intimidating and the most difficult. Therapy can bring clarity and an expanded view of what’s possible. As your therapist, I will support you in navigating difficult emotions, better understanding yourself and accessing your strengths so you can feel like yourself again. When we understand ourselves, and our experiences, we have more control in creating a life that reflects who we are.
Currently offering day and evening appointments Tuesdays, Wednesdays and Thursdays. The first step to seeking help can be intimidating and the most difficult. Therapy can bring clarity and an expanded view of what’s possible. As your therapist, I will support you in navigating difficult emotions, better understanding yourself and accessing your strengths so you can feel like yourself again. When we understand ourselves, and our experiences, we have more control in creating a life that reflects who we are.
(312) 313-5632 View (312) 313-5632
Photo of Morgan McCowan, Pre-Licensed Professional in Chicago, IL
Morgan McCowan
Pre-Licensed Professional, PsyD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Chicago, IL 60601
Not accepting new clients
To me, healing necessarily occurs within the context of authentic relationships, particularly when healing from traumas, be they interpersonal, collective, and/or systemic. As a queer clinician, I am passionate about providing affirming and empowering care that honors clients’ unique resilience, adaptability, and sociocultural values. Using a relational-cultural lens, I enjoy taking a collaborative and strengths-based approach, curiously and compassionately exploring with clients all aspects of their identities, relationships, and experiences of the world.
To me, healing necessarily occurs within the context of authentic relationships, particularly when healing from traumas, be they interpersonal, collective, and/or systemic. As a queer clinician, I am passionate about providing affirming and empowering care that honors clients’ unique resilience, adaptability, and sociocultural values. Using a relational-cultural lens, I enjoy taking a collaborative and strengths-based approach, curiously and compassionately exploring with clients all aspects of their identities, relationships, and experiences of the world.
(773) 974-9517 View (773) 974-9517
Photo of Yahaira Garcia, Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor in Chicago, IL
Yahaira Garcia
Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor, MA, LCPC, LPC, CCTP, CGP
Verified Verified
Chicago, IL 60644  (Online Only)
The first step to a successful self-enhancing journey is recognizing that action needs to be taken. Sometimes we just need a person that is open to listening and guiding us through this journey of improvement. I can assist you with understanding, organizing, and making sense of your thoughts and emotions. I am an art therapist and clinical counselor experienced in working with clients with a range of stressors and obstacles such as: anxiety, depression, anger, communication concerns, parenting concerns, self-esteem, self-identity, educational stressors, and trauma.
The first step to a successful self-enhancing journey is recognizing that action needs to be taken. Sometimes we just need a person that is open to listening and guiding us through this journey of improvement. I can assist you with understanding, organizing, and making sense of your thoughts and emotions. I am an art therapist and clinical counselor experienced in working with clients with a range of stressors and obstacles such as: anxiety, depression, anger, communication concerns, parenting concerns, self-esteem, self-identity, educational stressors, and trauma.
(773) 362-2092 View (773) 362-2092

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Chicago, IL

3,000+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in Chicago, IL who prioritize treating:

93% Anxiety
88% Depression
79% Relationship Issues
77% Self Esteem
71% Trauma and PTSD
67% Coping Skills
67% Stress

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

95% BlueCross and BlueShield
59% Aetna
49% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in Chicago, IL see their clients

63% In Person and Online
37% Online Only

Gender breakdown

79% Female
18% Male
3% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Chicago?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.