Therapists in Carbondale, IL

Dr. Susan M Ramirez
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
Carbondale, IL 62903
Waitlist for new clients
At some point in life, everyone experiences some degree of stress or struggle. Fortunately, more attention is being paid to the importance of attending to our emotional and psychological well-being. Still, for a variety of reasons and more often than not, change is challenging. Seeking therapy is a strength and increasing your knowledge of self and others is challenging, meaningful work and a worthwhile investment. Consider what you want to gain from therapy and begin taking intentional steps toward your goal(s).
At some point in life, everyone experiences some degree of stress or struggle. Fortunately, more attention is being paid to the importance of attending to our emotional and psychological well-being. Still, for a variety of reasons and more often than not, change is challenging. Seeking therapy is a strength and increasing your knowledge of self and others is challenging, meaningful work and a worthwhile investment. Consider what you want to gain from therapy and begin taking intentional steps toward your goal(s).
(618) 516-8837 View (618) 516-8837
Photo of Dr. Mallory Lynn Gary in Carbondale, IL
Dr. Mallory Lynn Gary
PhD
Carbondale, IL 62901  (Online Only)
Are you considering marriage and want insight into whether you and your partner are purposefully aligned? Are you currently married but need some help strengthening your partnership or communication? Perhaps you have struggled to identify your purpose or are holding on to unforgiveness. Are thoughts of anger or behaviors of complacency constantly interfering with progress? If you desire to enter into marriage unified, recreate a marriage that exemplifies Christ, approach life with purpose and passion, or experience freedom from past hurt, let's work together, uncovering God's plan of purpose, healing, and wholeness.
Are you considering marriage and want insight into whether you and your partner are purposefully aligned? Are you currently married but need some help strengthening your partnership or communication? Perhaps you have struggled to identify your purpose or are holding on to unforgiveness. Are thoughts of anger or behaviors of complacency constantly interfering with progress? If you desire to enter into marriage unified, recreate a marriage that exemplifies Christ, approach life with purpose and passion, or experience freedom from past hurt, let's work together, uncovering God's plan of purpose, healing, and wholeness.
(618) 851-2597 View (618) 851-2597
Photo of Robert F Cook, Psychologist in Carbondale, IL
Robert F Cook
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
Carbondale, IL 62903  (Online Only)
It is my mission as a psychologist to make psychological services available to all and to provide the highest quality of service I can to anyone who is willing to take a chance and trust me, a complete stranger, to help them. It is not easy to ask for help and it is even harder to make changes, even if the changes are necessary. My ideal client is anyone who is willing to take a chance on trying therapy and who will embrace it as a possible step towards improving themselves.
It is my mission as a psychologist to make psychological services available to all and to provide the highest quality of service I can to anyone who is willing to take a chance and trust me, a complete stranger, to help them. It is not easy to ask for help and it is even harder to make changes, even if the changes are necessary. My ideal client is anyone who is willing to take a chance on trying therapy and who will embrace it as a possible step towards improving themselves.
(618) 627-5719 View (618) 627-5719
Louisette C Plath
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
Carbondale, IL 62901
I believe in a collaborative therapeutic relationship and primarily work with adults. My practice is dedicated to trauma-informed and wellness-based approaches based on mindful observation of internal and external experiences. I promote a person-centered relationship with those interested in identifying and pursuing their values/goals. I have experience in working with persons who have difficulty managing their behavior when experiencing intense emotions as well as those who have experienced trauma (including intimate partner violence), substance abuse, and issues associated with brain injury or learning disability.
I believe in a collaborative therapeutic relationship and primarily work with adults. My practice is dedicated to trauma-informed and wellness-based approaches based on mindful observation of internal and external experiences. I promote a person-centered relationship with those interested in identifying and pursuing their values/goals. I have experience in working with persons who have difficulty managing their behavior when experiencing intense emotions as well as those who have experienced trauma (including intimate partner violence), substance abuse, and issues associated with brain injury or learning disability.
(618) 477-8030 View (618) 477-8030
Photo of Margaret A. Howard, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Carbondale, IL
Margaret A. Howard, LCSW
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MFA, MSW, LCSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Carbondale, IL 62901  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
Providing online, Depth Somatic Psychotherapy to women and gender queer folks in Illinois, Colorado, and Missouri. Depth somatics will help you come back to yourself through embodiment, connection with your Unconscious, and the Land. My Four Pathways approach understands our connection with the Land as supportive and integral to our sense of belonging, beyond human communities. Trauma and the body, Depth, Land (re)connection, EMDR/Flash, and cultural relational, transpersonal, interrelational methods.
Providing online, Depth Somatic Psychotherapy to women and gender queer folks in Illinois, Colorado, and Missouri. Depth somatics will help you come back to yourself through embodiment, connection with your Unconscious, and the Land. My Four Pathways approach understands our connection with the Land as supportive and integral to our sense of belonging, beyond human communities. Trauma and the body, Depth, Land (re)connection, EMDR/Flash, and cultural relational, transpersonal, interrelational methods.
(618) 221-5255 View (618) 221-5255
Photo of Datrese Monique Bradley, Licensed Professional Counselor in Carbondale, IL
Datrese Monique Bradley
Licensed Professional Counselor, LCPC
Verified
Carbondale, IL 62901  (Online Only)
My goal is to meet a client where they are while leading them to where they want to be. My ideal client is someone that wants to begin improving their overall functioning. I am comfortable with any type of client, as long as they are willing to be open and honest. I am here to assist you in identifying strengths, to set boundaries, to set realistic and attainable goals, and process through various emotions. My ideal client wants someone to hear them, to understand their journey, and to help them visualize their ability to grow. We will manage transitions together. My ideal client is someone that wants help, are you that client?
My goal is to meet a client where they are while leading them to where they want to be. My ideal client is someone that wants to begin improving their overall functioning. I am comfortable with any type of client, as long as they are willing to be open and honest. I am here to assist you in identifying strengths, to set boundaries, to set realistic and attainable goals, and process through various emotions. My ideal client wants someone to hear them, to understand their journey, and to help them visualize their ability to grow. We will manage transitions together. My ideal client is someone that wants help, are you that client?
(618) 836-8248 View (618) 836-8248
Photo of Paul Shawler, Psychologist in Carbondale, IL
Paul Shawler
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
Carbondale, IL 62903
Parenting doesn't come with a manual; raising children and adolescents often raises many questions. Whether you have a child who isn't talking or you keep getting calls from school about concerns about their behavior - treatment can support you in your role of raising you child. As parents, sometimes you may want to pull your hair out or you feel like others don't understand. You may benefit from coming in and learning ways to manage stress, help your child with coping skills, and find the life you'd like to be living. Psychological services are designed around your well-being, you aren't crazy - life is just sometimes hard.
Parenting doesn't come with a manual; raising children and adolescents often raises many questions. Whether you have a child who isn't talking or you keep getting calls from school about concerns about their behavior - treatment can support you in your role of raising you child. As parents, sometimes you may want to pull your hair out or you feel like others don't understand. You may benefit from coming in and learning ways to manage stress, help your child with coping skills, and find the life you'd like to be living. Psychological services are designed around your well-being, you aren't crazy - life is just sometimes hard.
(618) 408-1705 View (618) 408-1705
Photo of Brittany E Vaughn, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Carbondale, IL
Brittany E Vaughn
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Carbondale, IL 62901  (Online Only)
Life events can cause anyone to experience symptoms of anxiety and/or depression. How you respond to these symptoms makes all the difference in your overall health. Together we will work to identify your goals of managing these symptoms and develop steps to reduce their affect on your day to day life. Sometimes these life events are traumatic, which can cause much longer term effects on your health. Processing trauma, no matter how long ago it happened, is vital to moving forward past the traumatic event.
Life events can cause anyone to experience symptoms of anxiety and/or depression. How you respond to these symptoms makes all the difference in your overall health. Together we will work to identify your goals of managing these symptoms and develop steps to reduce their affect on your day to day life. Sometimes these life events are traumatic, which can cause much longer term effects on your health. Processing trauma, no matter how long ago it happened, is vital to moving forward past the traumatic event.
(618) 262-0731 View (618) 262-0731
Photo of Dr. Matt Denis, Psychologist in Carbondale, IL
Dr. Matt Denis
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
Carbondale, IL 62903
I provide counseling and psychotherapy for adults, teens, preteens, and couples, across a broad range of issues, including Anxiety, Depression, Relationships, Life Transitions, Family Issues, Stress, Anger Management, Substance Use, Grief, and Social Skills . I consider the client’s way of understanding themselves to be very important in our work together. My approach is collaborative, tailored for each client, and can include Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Humanistic, Psychodynamic, and Mindfulness elements. A primary goal is always to help people live their lives in ways that are fulfilling and healthy.
I provide counseling and psychotherapy for adults, teens, preteens, and couples, across a broad range of issues, including Anxiety, Depression, Relationships, Life Transitions, Family Issues, Stress, Anger Management, Substance Use, Grief, and Social Skills . I consider the client’s way of understanding themselves to be very important in our work together. My approach is collaborative, tailored for each client, and can include Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Humanistic, Psychodynamic, and Mindfulness elements. A primary goal is always to help people live their lives in ways that are fulfilling and healthy.
(618) 552-9297 x105 View (618) 552-9297 x105
Photo of Levi Wampler, Counselor in Carbondale, IL
Levi Wampler
Counselor, LCPC
Verified
Carbondale, IL 62903  (Online Only)
Do you find yourself stuck in the same unproductive arguments no matter what you do? You're a couple who deeply cares for each other but still gets caught in this frustrating cycle, feeling disconnected and doubting your relationship. The constant conflicts are taking a toll, leaving you both anxious and discouraged. But you're ready to make a change. You're ready to find understanding and reconnect. You're ready to build a future filled with love and harmony. I want to help you get there.
Do you find yourself stuck in the same unproductive arguments no matter what you do? You're a couple who deeply cares for each other but still gets caught in this frustrating cycle, feeling disconnected and doubting your relationship. The constant conflicts are taking a toll, leaving you both anxious and discouraged. But you're ready to make a change. You're ready to find understanding and reconnect. You're ready to build a future filled with love and harmony. I want to help you get there.
(618) 598-1147 View (618) 598-1147
Photo of Wanda Hill, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Carbondale, IL
Wanda Hill
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
2 Endorsed
Carbondale, IL 62901  (Online Only)
Making the choice to start therapy can feel like a challenge, but the benefits it yields can be a liberating experience that can change the course of your life. Therapy is a space where you are free to express thoughts and feelings without fear of judgment. You can explore and work towards the goals that you identify as important. My goal is to help you discover and utilize tools to aid in healing from anxiety, depression and past experiences, through use of learned coping skills, mindfulness practices, and understanding self-compassion.
Making the choice to start therapy can feel like a challenge, but the benefits it yields can be a liberating experience that can change the course of your life. Therapy is a space where you are free to express thoughts and feelings without fear of judgment. You can explore and work towards the goals that you identify as important. My goal is to help you discover and utilize tools to aid in healing from anxiety, depression and past experiences, through use of learned coping skills, mindfulness practices, and understanding self-compassion.
(618) 617-6940 View (618) 617-6940
Photo of Seth Erickson, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Carbondale, IL
Seth Erickson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, MA
Verified
Carbondale, IL 62901  (Online Only)
Greetings! I'm Seth Erickson, and I'm honored to walk alongside you on your journey toward better mental health. I deeply appreciate your courage in seeking therapy—it's a powerful stride toward your overall well-being. Your dreams and desires matter greatly to me, and I'm wholeheartedly committed to aiding you in reaching them. Whether you're aiming to ease anxiety, conquer depression, or heal from past hurts, I'm dedicated to offering a compassionate, personalized approach that resonates with your individual needs.
Greetings! I'm Seth Erickson, and I'm honored to walk alongside you on your journey toward better mental health. I deeply appreciate your courage in seeking therapy—it's a powerful stride toward your overall well-being. Your dreams and desires matter greatly to me, and I'm wholeheartedly committed to aiding you in reaching them. Whether you're aiming to ease anxiety, conquer depression, or heal from past hurts, I'm dedicated to offering a compassionate, personalized approach that resonates with your individual needs.
(618) 262-0794 View (618) 262-0794
Photo of Dr. Christian Gillespie, Psychologist in Carbondale, IL
Dr. Christian Gillespie
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
1 Endorsed
Carbondale, IL 62901  (Online Only)
Maybe you have tried convincing yourself that you don’t really “need” help, but you are tired of feeling drained, unhappy, or frustrated. Perhaps you need emotional relief from trauma, strained relationships… or are simply hoping to regain some balance in your life. If this hits close to home; you do NOT have to keep going through life feeling this way. We're here to help you get your light back, reinvigorating your relationships, and gain a fresh perspective on tackling your problems. If you are willing, let’s start opening the blinds on the dark areas in your life. Together, let’s restore your light and reclaim your power & joy.
Maybe you have tried convincing yourself that you don’t really “need” help, but you are tired of feeling drained, unhappy, or frustrated. Perhaps you need emotional relief from trauma, strained relationships… or are simply hoping to regain some balance in your life. If this hits close to home; you do NOT have to keep going through life feeling this way. We're here to help you get your light back, reinvigorating your relationships, and gain a fresh perspective on tackling your problems. If you are willing, let’s start opening the blinds on the dark areas in your life. Together, let’s restore your light and reclaim your power & joy.
(618) 247-5807 View (618) 247-5807
Photo of Tanya D McLeod, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Carbondale, IL
Tanya D McLeod
Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Verified
Carbondale, IL 62901
Hi, my name is Tanya, a Licensed Clinical Social Worker located in Southern Illinois. I have 15+ years of experience working in the medical and mental health in various settings such as hospital, prisons, residential, outpatient and private practice.
Hi, my name is Tanya, a Licensed Clinical Social Worker located in Southern Illinois. I have 15+ years of experience working in the medical and mental health in various settings such as hospital, prisons, residential, outpatient and private practice.
(618) 787-1429 View (618) 787-1429
Photo of Levi Wampler, Counselor in Carbondale, IL
Levi Wampler
Counselor, LCPC
Verified
Carbondale, IL 62903  (Online Only)
Do you find yourself stuck in the same unproductive arguments no matter what you do? You're a couple who deeply cares for each other but still gets caught in this frustrating cycle, feeling disconnected and doubting your relationship. The constant conflicts are taking a toll, leaving you both anxious and discouraged. But you're ready to make a change. You're ready to find understanding and reconnect. You're ready to build a future filled with love and harmony. I want to help you get there.
Do you find yourself stuck in the same unproductive arguments no matter what you do? You're a couple who deeply cares for each other but still gets caught in this frustrating cycle, feeling disconnected and doubting your relationship. The constant conflicts are taking a toll, leaving you both anxious and discouraged. But you're ready to make a change. You're ready to find understanding and reconnect. You're ready to build a future filled with love and harmony. I want to help you get there.
(618) 934-8360 View (618) 934-8360
Photo of Janelle Kellerman, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Carbondale, IL
Janelle Kellerman
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Carbondale, IL 62901  (Online Only)
My passion is treating clients with anxiety, depression, mood disorders, and trauma. Since I was a little girl, I have always been fascinated with learning about other cultures, people who are different than me, and the stories that make them who they are. I hope to be a part of your story and help create a narrative that aligns with your goals.
My passion is treating clients with anxiety, depression, mood disorders, and trauma. Since I was a little girl, I have always been fascinated with learning about other cultures, people who are different than me, and the stories that make them who they are. I hope to be a part of your story and help create a narrative that aligns with your goals.
(618) 368-5004 View (618) 368-5004
Photo of Amanda Sneed, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Carbondale, IL
Amanda Sneed
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Carbondale, IL 62901  (Online Only)
My ideal client is anyone that is seeking change and looking to create more balance in their life. My goal is to create a normalcy in the process of finding support during times when we need clarity. Whether or not there is an identified focus, I will walk individuals through gaining awareness and increasing skills to enhance life functioning through a client centered and empowerment focus. My experience includes working with individuals experiencing depression, anxiety, relationship issues, low self esteem, difficult life transitions, trauma (including working with women in a domestic violence shelter.
My ideal client is anyone that is seeking change and looking to create more balance in their life. My goal is to create a normalcy in the process of finding support during times when we need clarity. Whether or not there is an identified focus, I will walk individuals through gaining awareness and increasing skills to enhance life functioning through a client centered and empowerment focus. My experience includes working with individuals experiencing depression, anxiety, relationship issues, low self esteem, difficult life transitions, trauma (including working with women in a domestic violence shelter.
(224) 434-4607 View (224) 434-4607
Photo of Austin Fishback, Pre-Licensed Professional in Carbondale, IL
Austin Fishback
Pre-Licensed Professional, MSE
Verified
Carbondale, IL 62901
You deserve to live a life that you love. There are many people who see therapy as something intrusive, unnecessary, or believe they will be judged. As a therapist, I believe that the connection built between the patient and therapist is the foundation that can lead you to the life that you want to live. My goal is to help you achieve your goals and see you become happier with the life you are currently living. Yes, sometimes therapy can bring up painful emotions, memories or events, but this pain can lead to growth and a better life. Life is too short to let the traumas of the past keep you from the life you were meant to live!
You deserve to live a life that you love. There are many people who see therapy as something intrusive, unnecessary, or believe they will be judged. As a therapist, I believe that the connection built between the patient and therapist is the foundation that can lead you to the life that you want to live. My goal is to help you achieve your goals and see you become happier with the life you are currently living. Yes, sometimes therapy can bring up painful emotions, memories or events, but this pain can lead to growth and a better life. Life is too short to let the traumas of the past keep you from the life you were meant to live!
(618) 386-5232 x1 View (618) 386-5232 x1
Photo of Shana Silger, Licensed Professional Counselor in Carbondale, IL
Shana Silger
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, CMPC
Verified
3 Endorsed
Carbondale, IL 62901
Are you dreaming the big dreams and want to take your game next level? I help athletes understand the huge role the mental game plays. Let's access your courage, strength, & ability to persevere so you can hit all your goals and more! Individualized sessions are tailored specific to your mental game needs. Do you want to master your thoughts, control your emotions, and develop the focus of a champion? We work on your mental strength and tenacity. We also work on improving your confidence and your ability to stay motivated through even the toughest of times! Are you willing to let yourself win today?!
Are you dreaming the big dreams and want to take your game next level? I help athletes understand the huge role the mental game plays. Let's access your courage, strength, & ability to persevere so you can hit all your goals and more! Individualized sessions are tailored specific to your mental game needs. Do you want to master your thoughts, control your emotions, and develop the focus of a champion? We work on your mental strength and tenacity. We also work on improving your confidence and your ability to stay motivated through even the toughest of times! Are you willing to let yourself win today?!
(618) 226-8951 View (618) 226-8951
Photo of Kristi Weaver, Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor in Carbondale, IL
Kristi Weaver
Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor, LCPC
Verified
Carbondale, IL 62901
As a person-centered therapist with over fifteen years of experience in working with clients of all ages, I will meet you where you are at mentally, emotionally, and spiritually. I will help you embark on a journey to greater peace, happiness, and self-satisfaction. Whether you're having difficulty coping with life's many stressors, are feeling down, lacking motivation, or struggling to define and set meaningful goals for your life, I'm here to provide you with empathic support and guidance as you face life's many challenges.
As a person-centered therapist with over fifteen years of experience in working with clients of all ages, I will meet you where you are at mentally, emotionally, and spiritually. I will help you embark on a journey to greater peace, happiness, and self-satisfaction. Whether you're having difficulty coping with life's many stressors, are feeling down, lacking motivation, or struggling to define and set meaningful goals for your life, I'm here to provide you with empathic support and guidance as you face life's many challenges.
(618) 347-4297 View (618) 347-4297

See more therapy options for Carbondale

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Carbondale, IL

60+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in Carbondale, IL who prioritize treating:

88% Anxiety
80% Depression
80% Self Esteem
77% Trauma and PTSD
77% Stress
72% Coping Skills
70% Relationship Issues

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

87% BlueCross and BlueShield
80% Aetna
74% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in Carbondale, IL see their clients

51% Online Only
49% In Person and Online

Gender breakdown

74% Female
22% Male
4% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Carbondale?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.