Therapists in McCall, ID

Photo of Jocelyn Pulver, Licensed Professional Counselor in McCall, ID
Jocelyn Pulver
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, NCC, MA
Verified
McCall, ID 83638  (Online Only)
Whether you're navigating the complexities of depression, anxiety, or past trauma, a couple yearning for deeper connection and intimacy, or an individual in search of profound meaning and happiness beyond the surface – you're seen here. This is your space. Whatever you're going through, I'm delighted to meet you, ready to illuminate the patterns and beliefs that may be hindering your desired life. Let's embark on a journey to address your needs, uncover your goals, and bring clarity and wisdom to your path of healing and growth.
Whether you're navigating the complexities of depression, anxiety, or past trauma, a couple yearning for deeper connection and intimacy, or an individual in search of profound meaning and happiness beyond the surface – you're seen here. This is your space. Whatever you're going through, I'm delighted to meet you, ready to illuminate the patterns and beliefs that may be hindering your desired life. Let's embark on a journey to address your needs, uncover your goals, and bring clarity and wisdom to your path of healing and growth.
(208) 547-6255 View (208) 547-6255
Photo of Satu H. Woodland in McCall, ID
Satu H. Woodland
PMHCNS, APRN
Verified
McCall, ID 83638
With over 35 years experience, I specialize in medication management. After a complete evaluation, we will create a treatment plan just for you that addresses your mental health needs. My services include evaluation, medication management and brief counseling in a 30 minute session. If you need longer, more intensive therapy or already have a counselor and just need the medication component, I will refer or work together with your current counselor to get you what you need. Telepsych available which we will be utilizing until it is safe and most likely ongoing.
With over 35 years experience, I specialize in medication management. After a complete evaluation, we will create a treatment plan just for you that addresses your mental health needs. My services include evaluation, medication management and brief counseling in a 30 minute session. If you need longer, more intensive therapy or already have a counselor and just need the medication component, I will refer or work together with your current counselor to get you what you need. Telepsych available which we will be utilizing until it is safe and most likely ongoing.
(208) 413-9203 View (208) 413-9203
Photo of Matt Barrus, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in McCall, ID
Matt Barrus
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
McCall, ID 83638
Are you struggling through a recent traumatic event? Or maybe something difficult that you went through years ago? Perhaps you find it difficult to control how much you drink, or you can't stop looking at pornography? If you are experiencing any of these things, or the commonly-experienced shame that comes along for the ride, I would love to take the time to help you find effective solutions to these issues. I work primarily with adults and older teens, so if you or your teenager have been thinking about trying counseling, today might be the day.
Are you struggling through a recent traumatic event? Or maybe something difficult that you went through years ago? Perhaps you find it difficult to control how much you drink, or you can't stop looking at pornography? If you are experiencing any of these things, or the commonly-experienced shame that comes along for the ride, I would love to take the time to help you find effective solutions to these issues. I work primarily with adults and older teens, so if you or your teenager have been thinking about trying counseling, today might be the day.
(208) 314-1478 View (208) 314-1478
Photo of Dr. Audie Black, Psychologist in McCall, ID
Dr. Audie Black
Psychologist, PhD, ABN
Verified
McCall, ID 83638
Living with a neurological condition can be frustrating and involve memory loss, trouble focusing, and sometimes contribute to depression and anxiety. I am here to help. As a board-certified Clinical Neuropsychologist, I provide comprehensive neuropsychological evaluations for a wide range of conditions, including dementia (e.g., Alzheimer's disease and atypical dementias), brain tumors, post-acute sequelae of COVID-19 (commonly known as "long haulers"), autoimmune conditions, and brain injuries. For additional support, I also provide focused, short-term psychotherapy to help patients adjust to their medical condition and thrive.
Living with a neurological condition can be frustrating and involve memory loss, trouble focusing, and sometimes contribute to depression and anxiety. I am here to help. As a board-certified Clinical Neuropsychologist, I provide comprehensive neuropsychological evaluations for a wide range of conditions, including dementia (e.g., Alzheimer's disease and atypical dementias), brain tumors, post-acute sequelae of COVID-19 (commonly known as "long haulers"), autoimmune conditions, and brain injuries. For additional support, I also provide focused, short-term psychotherapy to help patients adjust to their medical condition and thrive.
(208) 214-6089 View (208) 214-6089
Photo of Heidy Mead, Licensed Professional Counselor in McCall, ID
Heidy Mead
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, M Ed, CRC
Verified
McCall, ID 83638  (Online Only)
I am a licensed professional counselor who understands life circumstances can cause stress, anxiety, depression, anger and a host of other emotions. I enjoy helping people find their strengths and have worked with people who have anxiety, depression, problems with addiction, PTSD, ADHD and anger management issues. I believe people accomplish their goals and can thrive when supported in developing their strengths, healing attachment and emotional wounds and enhancing self-esteem.
I am a licensed professional counselor who understands life circumstances can cause stress, anxiety, depression, anger and a host of other emotions. I enjoy helping people find their strengths and have worked with people who have anxiety, depression, problems with addiction, PTSD, ADHD and anger management issues. I believe people accomplish their goals and can thrive when supported in developing their strengths, healing attachment and emotional wounds and enhancing self-esteem.
(208) 417-8501 View (208) 417-8501
Photo of Communal Change, LLC., Counselor in McCall, ID
Communal Change, LLC.
Counselor, MA, LCPC
Verified
McCall, ID 83638  (Online Only)
Welcome! I would be honored to help you in your healing, assist you in learning to manage life’s difficulties, cope well, become more resilient, be your best self, explore who you are, or simply become aware of your inner strengths. I have a sense of humor and understand providing a neutral safe space to listen. I am an experienced clinician & I will work with you in customizing a treatment plan. If you would like to have a collaborative therapeutic relationship, you are in the right place. I do individual, couples, & family therapy online in Idaho, I have a calendar you can schedule on, if you’d rather get into therapy immediately.
Welcome! I would be honored to help you in your healing, assist you in learning to manage life’s difficulties, cope well, become more resilient, be your best self, explore who you are, or simply become aware of your inner strengths. I have a sense of humor and understand providing a neutral safe space to listen. I am an experienced clinician & I will work with you in customizing a treatment plan. If you would like to have a collaborative therapeutic relationship, you are in the right place. I do individual, couples, & family therapy online in Idaho, I have a calendar you can schedule on, if you’d rather get into therapy immediately.
(208) 603-4237 View (208) 603-4237
Photo of Adam Hugh Brotman, Psychologist in McCall, ID
Adam Hugh Brotman
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
McCall, ID 83638  (Online Only)
As you look for a therapist you might feel very vulnerable, desperate, or fed up with your struggles. I want to help you, whatever your motivations are and however ready you are to change, whether you’re wondering if there’s a problem, you feel lost and confused, or you’re ready to change and you want to start today. At the beginning you might need a safe, accepting presence to help you view yourself clearly and with kindness. You might need someone to help you break free of painful patterns, sort out your feelings to make a tough decision, or make changes you keep trying to make but your efforts never seem to stick.
As you look for a therapist you might feel very vulnerable, desperate, or fed up with your struggles. I want to help you, whatever your motivations are and however ready you are to change, whether you’re wondering if there’s a problem, you feel lost and confused, or you’re ready to change and you want to start today. At the beginning you might need a safe, accepting presence to help you view yourself clearly and with kindness. You might need someone to help you break free of painful patterns, sort out your feelings to make a tough decision, or make changes you keep trying to make but your efforts never seem to stick.
(208) 213-8070 View (208) 213-8070
Photo of Dylan Rogers, Counselor in McCall, ID
Dylan Rogers
Counselor, LPC, NCC, MC
Verified
1 Endorsed
McCall, ID 83638  (Online Only)
Life can be difficult... Stress from work, relationships, and other life experiences may leave a person feeling alone or lacking support. This stress often has adverse and unwanted effects on overall well-being and is important to address. The counseling relationship provides an opportunity to be supported in a safe environment with a counselor who is open, responsive, and accepting of you and your lived experiences. Counseling can be seen as a relational tool in working towards the life you've been wanting for yourself, whether it looks like managing mental health symptoms or realizing your goals.
Life can be difficult... Stress from work, relationships, and other life experiences may leave a person feeling alone or lacking support. This stress often has adverse and unwanted effects on overall well-being and is important to address. The counseling relationship provides an opportunity to be supported in a safe environment with a counselor who is open, responsive, and accepting of you and your lived experiences. Counseling can be seen as a relational tool in working towards the life you've been wanting for yourself, whether it looks like managing mental health symptoms or realizing your goals.
(208) 644-8137 View (208) 644-8137
Photo of Maja Ledgerwood, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in McCall, ID
Maja Ledgerwood
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, DSW, LCSW
Verified
McCall, ID 83638  (Online Only)
(208) 285-4598 View (208) 285-4598

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Therapy by Design, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in McCall, ID
Therapy by Design
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Donnelly, ID 83615
Welcome to Therapy by Design! We are a group of passionate therapists and social workers working together to support clients in a comprehensive way. Our beautiful office is located Downtown Salt Lake City where we provide a peaceful and inclusive space with spectacular views of the valley to set the stage for healing and growth. We serve clients of all ages- children through all stages of adulthood. We are skilled in treating individuals with anxiety, OCD, depression, trauma, PTSD and substance use, grief, life transitions, relationship issues, at others. We offer limited case management services at no additional cost.
Welcome to Therapy by Design! We are a group of passionate therapists and social workers working together to support clients in a comprehensive way. Our beautiful office is located Downtown Salt Lake City where we provide a peaceful and inclusive space with spectacular views of the valley to set the stage for healing and growth. We serve clients of all ages- children through all stages of adulthood. We are skilled in treating individuals with anxiety, OCD, depression, trauma, PTSD and substance use, grief, life transitions, relationship issues, at others. We offer limited case management services at no additional cost.
(385) 469-2895 View (385) 469-2895

Online Therapists

Photo of Jason Almerico, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in McCall, ID
Jason Almerico
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Boise, ID 83702
Hello, I can imagine It's hard reaching out for help when you're going through a tough time, this is a great start. Life is challenging enough without us making it worse and causing more suffering. Anxiety, depression, addiction, grief or relationship problems cause us to feel alone, unhappy, and out of answers on how to fix the situation or feel better. You likely feel flooded with hopelessness or paralyzed on how to motivate yourself to change the situation. Relief is possible. Your hardships will be more bearable when you have a trained professional to listen and provide helpful guidance on how to handle your issues.
Hello, I can imagine It's hard reaching out for help when you're going through a tough time, this is a great start. Life is challenging enough without us making it worse and causing more suffering. Anxiety, depression, addiction, grief or relationship problems cause us to feel alone, unhappy, and out of answers on how to fix the situation or feel better. You likely feel flooded with hopelessness or paralyzed on how to motivate yourself to change the situation. Relief is possible. Your hardships will be more bearable when you have a trained professional to listen and provide helpful guidance on how to handle your issues.
(208) 218-8457 View (208) 218-8457
Photo of David Smith, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in McCall, ID
David Smith
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Boise, ID 83705  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
Taking charge of your healing journey is a heroic step. Much like training for an athletic challenge, it requires dedication, courage, determination, and self-love - as well as a good coach. We will do incredible work together if you are motivated to commit to your own growth process, are curious and open-minded, and are willing to do the sometimes difficult mental, emotional, and spiritual work to change habits and patterns that no longer serve you or those you care about. I'm especially passionate about working with healers, helpers, teachers, parents, caregivers, and people healing from childhood and intergenerational trauma.
Taking charge of your healing journey is a heroic step. Much like training for an athletic challenge, it requires dedication, courage, determination, and self-love - as well as a good coach. We will do incredible work together if you are motivated to commit to your own growth process, are curious and open-minded, and are willing to do the sometimes difficult mental, emotional, and spiritual work to change habits and patterns that no longer serve you or those you care about. I'm especially passionate about working with healers, helpers, teachers, parents, caregivers, and people healing from childhood and intergenerational trauma.
(541) 697-4914 View (541) 697-4914
Photo of Tera Miller, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in McCall, ID
Tera Miller
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
5 Endorsed
Boise, ID 83712
Figuring out you need extra guidance can be difficult to come to terms with. In a society where we are constantly hustling and bustling around to make ends meet, we often put our self care and mental/emotional hygiene on the back burner until it becomes a mess. Mental health is important in making sure all aspects of wellness support balance. As a therapist, I seek to increase understanding of the self and encourage growth in a non-judgmental and gently nurturing atmosphere. I specialize in treating Trauma, Trafficking, Borderline Personality Disorder, Conduct Disorder, Relationships, Anxiety, Depression.
Figuring out you need extra guidance can be difficult to come to terms with. In a society where we are constantly hustling and bustling around to make ends meet, we often put our self care and mental/emotional hygiene on the back burner until it becomes a mess. Mental health is important in making sure all aspects of wellness support balance. As a therapist, I seek to increase understanding of the self and encourage growth in a non-judgmental and gently nurturing atmosphere. I specialize in treating Trauma, Trafficking, Borderline Personality Disorder, Conduct Disorder, Relationships, Anxiety, Depression.
(208) 428-5527 View (208) 428-5527
Photo of Athena Scheidegger, Counselor in McCall, ID
Athena Scheidegger
Counselor, MCOUN, LCPC, NCC
Verified
Nampa, ID 83651
Accepting new clients. For as long as I can remember I have had a passion for helping people, and I feel privileged to provide assistance to people through counseling. As a counselor, I come from a place of non-judgement, empathy, hope, and understanding. My goal is to help each individual or couple get from where they are to where they would like to be. My areas of interest include trauma, PTSD, LGBTQ+, and abuse. I have had training in EMDR. I currently work with individual adults and couples.
Accepting new clients. For as long as I can remember I have had a passion for helping people, and I feel privileged to provide assistance to people through counseling. As a counselor, I come from a place of non-judgement, empathy, hope, and understanding. My goal is to help each individual or couple get from where they are to where they would like to be. My areas of interest include trauma, PTSD, LGBTQ+, and abuse. I have had training in EMDR. I currently work with individual adults and couples.
(208) 218-8267 View (208) 218-8267
Photo of Mandy Helsley, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in McCall, ID
Mandy Helsley
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Boise, ID 83709
Waitlist for new clients
Life can be challenging, especially when trying to handle a negative stress or event that comes our way. It can be difficult to figure out how to get through high stress or heavy lows, and still feel we are able to move forward. I can be an objective perspective that can help you build skills and tools to better cope with the pressure and tension in your life.
Life can be challenging, especially when trying to handle a negative stress or event that comes our way. It can be difficult to figure out how to get through high stress or heavy lows, and still feel we are able to move forward. I can be an objective perspective that can help you build skills and tools to better cope with the pressure and tension in your life.
(208) 908-7815 View (208) 908-7815
Photo of Brian Huck, LCSW Counseling and Consulting, PLLC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in McCall, ID
Brian Huck, LCSW Counseling and Consulting, PLLC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified
5 Endorsed
Eagle, ID 83616
OCD, Anxiety, Depression are three of the most common Mental Health Disorders affecting nearly 20 percent of the U.S. population in any given year. The consequence of untreated anxiety and depression result in significant experienced distress, strain in relationships, lost productivity and missed opportunities. I invite you to contact me and find out how we can work together to reduce the burden of anxiety or depression. I also work with a number of other mental health disorders such as ADHD and ODD, though have chosen to specialize in the treatment of OCD, Anxiety and Depression in my private practice.
OCD, Anxiety, Depression are three of the most common Mental Health Disorders affecting nearly 20 percent of the U.S. population in any given year. The consequence of untreated anxiety and depression result in significant experienced distress, strain in relationships, lost productivity and missed opportunities. I invite you to contact me and find out how we can work together to reduce the burden of anxiety or depression. I also work with a number of other mental health disorders such as ADHD and ODD, though have chosen to specialize in the treatment of OCD, Anxiety and Depression in my private practice.
(208) 423-1321 View (208) 423-1321
Photo of Lisa M Lee, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in McCall, ID
Lisa M Lee
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, EMDR
Verified
Meridian, ID 83642
Few spots available! Welcome to Begin Within Counseling! Is there something holding you back from allowing the life that you want? Are there challenges you are facing right now that seem hopeless to find solutions? You are not alone. I partner with you to help you find real solutions to whatever is holding you back. I merge my professional background with my personal experiences working with Trauma Survivors, HSP/Empath Population, Step Parent Issues, Parents of Autistics, and more.
Few spots available! Welcome to Begin Within Counseling! Is there something holding you back from allowing the life that you want? Are there challenges you are facing right now that seem hopeless to find solutions? You are not alone. I partner with you to help you find real solutions to whatever is holding you back. I merge my professional background with my personal experiences working with Trauma Survivors, HSP/Empath Population, Step Parent Issues, Parents of Autistics, and more.
(208) 497-5608 View (208) 497-5608
Photo of JoAnn Koester, Licensed Professional Counselor in McCall, ID
JoAnn Koester
Licensed Professional Counselor, LCPC, MA
Verified
Meridian, ID 83646
My viewpoint is everyone needs support in life. I've been able to support people through relationship changes, job transitions and loss of loved ones. My ideal client is looking to change something in their life and have freedom to be themselves. When you feel good on the inside life goes better. If you don't feel good call me.
My viewpoint is everyone needs support in life. I've been able to support people through relationship changes, job transitions and loss of loved ones. My ideal client is looking to change something in their life and have freedom to be themselves. When you feel good on the inside life goes better. If you don't feel good call me.
(208) 629-1936 View (208) 629-1936
Photo of Lisa M Tovar, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in McCall, ID
Lisa M Tovar
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-ID, LCSW-OR
Verified
1 Endorsed
Nampa, ID 83651
Hello and welcome to Treasure Valley Counseling and Wellness! Opening your heart and soul to a stranger is intimidating, but it is the first step to healing your inner self. I'm Lisa Tovar- Licensed Clinical Social Worker specializing in treatment for mood disorders, grief and loss, depression and anxiety. I've worked in the mental health field and crisis intervention for over 14 years. I have worked in the hospital and medical clinic settings for ten years and genuinely love what I do. I am passionate about trauma informed care, suicide prevention, and making my clients feel safe and secure.
Hello and welcome to Treasure Valley Counseling and Wellness! Opening your heart and soul to a stranger is intimidating, but it is the first step to healing your inner self. I'm Lisa Tovar- Licensed Clinical Social Worker specializing in treatment for mood disorders, grief and loss, depression and anxiety. I've worked in the mental health field and crisis intervention for over 14 years. I have worked in the hospital and medical clinic settings for ten years and genuinely love what I do. I am passionate about trauma informed care, suicide prevention, and making my clients feel safe and secure.
(208) 877-6076 View (208) 877-6076
Photo of Sara Wall, Licensed Professional Counselor in McCall, ID
Sara Wall
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Nampa, ID 83687
My goal as a therapist is to provide a safe, non-judgmental place for all of us to be real. In a world filled with perfect images and expectations, it's easy to lose sight of who we actually are and where we want to be. Life is filled with ups and downs. It's a privilege helping people navigate through the journey in a compassionate way. I enjoy working with clients aged 14-100 who need help with self-esteem, boundaries, anxiety or couple dysfunction. Late afternoon appointments available
My goal as a therapist is to provide a safe, non-judgmental place for all of us to be real. In a world filled with perfect images and expectations, it's easy to lose sight of who we actually are and where we want to be. Life is filled with ups and downs. It's a privilege helping people navigate through the journey in a compassionate way. I enjoy working with clients aged 14-100 who need help with self-esteem, boundaries, anxiety or couple dysfunction. Late afternoon appointments available
(208) 209-7495 View (208) 209-7495

See more therapy options for McCall

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in McCall, ID

< 10

Therapists in McCall, ID who prioritize treating:

100% Depression
100% Anxiety
89% Trauma and PTSD
78% Relationship Issues
78% Grief
78% Self Esteem
78% Stress

Average years in practice

8 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

88% Regence
88% Blue Cross
75% Aetna

How Therapists in McCall, ID see their clients

66% Online Only
34% In Person and Online

Gender breakdown

50% Female
50% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in McCall?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.