Therapists in Boundary County, ID

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Photo of Joseph Velazquez, MA LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Joseph Velazquez
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA LMFT
Verified Verified
Bonners Ferry, ID 83805
Going through the motions day-after-day has covered up the real you. ​You have spent a lot of time checking off the boxes that you thought would bring you happiness. Instead, you still feel like something important is missing. All you need is a few more hours in the day, but your to-do list never ends. It’s overwhelming and depressing. You feel unappreciated, unseen and exhausted. You know solutions and clarity are out there, but the direction you need is unknown. You’ve made a few changes and read self-help books but nothing you try seems to stick. You end up anxious, depressed and feeling fragmented. I can help!
Going through the motions day-after-day has covered up the real you. ​You have spent a lot of time checking off the boxes that you thought would bring you happiness. Instead, you still feel like something important is missing. All you need is a few more hours in the day, but your to-do list never ends. It’s overwhelming and depressing. You feel unappreciated, unseen and exhausted. You know solutions and clarity are out there, but the direction you need is unknown. You’ve made a few changes and read self-help books but nothing you try seems to stick. You end up anxious, depressed and feeling fragmented. I can help!
(208) 537-1233 View (208) 537-1233
Photo of Tatum Miller, LCPC, ATR-BC, SEP, Counselor
Tatum Miller
Counselor, LCPC, ATR-BC, SEP
Verified Verified
Naples, ID 83847
I offer expressive art and somatic therapies for adolescents, adults, and families. With over 20 years of experience as a clinical counselor, my specialties include: art therapy, trauma resolution, treatment of anxiety and mood disorders, as well as creating a meaningful and satisfying life and handling unexpected or overwhelming life stressors. My practice is highly individualized, focusing on client and family strengths to promote healthy patterns of communication and positive regard.
I offer expressive art and somatic therapies for adolescents, adults, and families. With over 20 years of experience as a clinical counselor, my specialties include: art therapy, trauma resolution, treatment of anxiety and mood disorders, as well as creating a meaningful and satisfying life and handling unexpected or overwhelming life stressors. My practice is highly individualized, focusing on client and family strengths to promote healthy patterns of communication and positive regard.
(208) 495-3912 View (208) 495-3912
Photo of Stephanie Little Brave Online Or In Office, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Stephanie Little Brave Online Or In Office
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Bonners Ferry, ID 83805
The client is the authority about his/her needs and hopes. If we work together I believe we can achieve the goals we agree upon as we come to know each other. I've worked with couples, families, organizations, and friends in resolving relationship issues for 20 years. I believe attachment issues, trauma and disturbing memories influence our sense of self and can effect how we interact and respond or react in all our relationships. Trauma is personal, some examples are the death of a pet, infidelity, death, war, natural disasters, sexual trauma, growing up in a unstable environment.
The client is the authority about his/her needs and hopes. If we work together I believe we can achieve the goals we agree upon as we come to know each other. I've worked with couples, families, organizations, and friends in resolving relationship issues for 20 years. I believe attachment issues, trauma and disturbing memories influence our sense of self and can effect how we interact and respond or react in all our relationships. Trauma is personal, some examples are the death of a pet, infidelity, death, war, natural disasters, sexual trauma, growing up in a unstable environment.
(208) 505-9314 View (208) 505-9314
Photo of Cecilia Alleen Cecil, LMSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Cecilia Alleen Cecil
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
Bonners Ferry, ID 83805
As individuals we have the miraculous ability to endure, heal and grow, even in the most adverse circumstances and conditions. Oftentimes our various struggles cause us to lose focus and lack the ability to find our strengths, talents and purpose. I consider it a privilege to work with individuals to find clarity and renewed strength facing life’s circumstances.
As individuals we have the miraculous ability to endure, heal and grow, even in the most adverse circumstances and conditions. Oftentimes our various struggles cause us to lose focus and lack the ability to find our strengths, talents and purpose. I consider it a privilege to work with individuals to find clarity and renewed strength facing life’s circumstances.
(208) 974-5325 View (208) 974-5325
Photo of Jeremiah S Guidos, MA, LCPC, Counselor
Jeremiah S Guidos
Counselor, MA, LCPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Bonners Ferry, ID 83805
Hi, My name is Jeremiah Guidos and I work with individuals, couples and families at all stages in life. I'm licensed in Idaho, Oregon and Montana. If you want stronger relationships or you want to change unhealthy patterns, I just might be the person you're looking for. Call me with questions or visit www.healthy-perspectives.com or jeremiahguidos.com. I may be able to help and if I can't, I likely know someone who can.
Hi, My name is Jeremiah Guidos and I work with individuals, couples and families at all stages in life. I'm licensed in Idaho, Oregon and Montana. If you want stronger relationships or you want to change unhealthy patterns, I just might be the person you're looking for. Call me with questions or visit www.healthy-perspectives.com or jeremiahguidos.com. I may be able to help and if I can't, I likely know someone who can.
(208) 274-7106 View (208) 274-7106
Photo of Virginia Ginna Maus, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Virginia Ginna Maus
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Bonners Ferry, ID 83805
As a mindfulness based practitioner, I believe an environment of nonjudgmental awareness enables one to stay open to their experience in order to utilize it for transformation. In fact, Temanos means “a safe place for transformation”. I honor people's circumstances, thoughts, feelings and behaviors and value getting to the heart of the matter. Traumatic experiences shape us in known and unknown ways. I help clients find their innate strength, courage and wisdom to face life's challenges.
As a mindfulness based practitioner, I believe an environment of nonjudgmental awareness enables one to stay open to their experience in order to utilize it for transformation. In fact, Temanos means “a safe place for transformation”. I honor people's circumstances, thoughts, feelings and behaviors and value getting to the heart of the matter. Traumatic experiences shape us in known and unknown ways. I help clients find their innate strength, courage and wisdom to face life's challenges.
(208) 914-6904 View (208) 914-6904
Photo of DuAnn Chambers, LAMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
DuAnn Chambers
Marriage & Family Therapist, LAMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Bonners Ferry, ID 83805
Waitlist for new clients
Whether you want to find relationship communication improvement, understand your behaviors, desire more harmony in life, overcome procrastination, or wanting to feel “normal” despite a trauma history, I am here to support you and hold space in a healing way. As your therapist, I will be by your side as we identify and walk through any blocks, negative patterns, negative beliefs, or trauma histories that feel overwhelming or impossible to face. I am committed to helping you shift the negative momentum that is creating life turbulence, to smoother sailing and a happier, easier life.
Whether you want to find relationship communication improvement, understand your behaviors, desire more harmony in life, overcome procrastination, or wanting to feel “normal” despite a trauma history, I am here to support you and hold space in a healing way. As your therapist, I will be by your side as we identify and walk through any blocks, negative patterns, negative beliefs, or trauma histories that feel overwhelming or impossible to face. I am committed to helping you shift the negative momentum that is creating life turbulence, to smoother sailing and a happier, easier life.
(208) 285-3504 View (208) 285-3504
Photo of Joseph Velazquez, MA , LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Joseph Velazquez
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA , LMFT
Verified Verified
Bonners Ferry, ID 83805
What is the goal of your marriage or relationship? Relationships are vital to becoming a whole person. At times, connecting with your spouse may feel magical, but every relationship goes through tough seasons. I understand how overwhelming it can feel when distance and resentment are the only things growing between you. At times, it may feel like the hurt you are experiencing is not worth the effort. Maybe your relationship is still strong but can stand a bit of tweaking to recapture the zest it once had. Whatever the case, there is always hope. I can help!
What is the goal of your marriage or relationship? Relationships are vital to becoming a whole person. At times, connecting with your spouse may feel magical, but every relationship goes through tough seasons. I understand how overwhelming it can feel when distance and resentment are the only things growing between you. At times, it may feel like the hurt you are experiencing is not worth the effort. Maybe your relationship is still strong but can stand a bit of tweaking to recapture the zest it once had. Whatever the case, there is always hope. I can help!
(208) 580-7989 View (208) 580-7989
Photo of Sarah Elizabeth Lafrenz, LCPC, NCC, Counselor
Sarah Elizabeth Lafrenz
Counselor, LCPC, NCC
Verified Verified
Bonners Ferry, ID 83805
I am a Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor, Certified Life & Success Coach, and the owner of Empowered Wellness Counseling, LLC. Through internships, education, and work experience, I have over thirteen years’ experience working in therapeutic settings, including hospitals, boarding schools, community mental health & private practice. I am a Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor (LCPC), holding a National Certified Counselor (NCC) credential. Additionally, I am a Neuro-Linguistics Programming Practitioner, Emotional Freedom Techniques Practitioner, TIME Techniques Practitioner, & Hypnotherapy Practitioner.
I am a Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor, Certified Life & Success Coach, and the owner of Empowered Wellness Counseling, LLC. Through internships, education, and work experience, I have over thirteen years’ experience working in therapeutic settings, including hospitals, boarding schools, community mental health & private practice. I am a Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor (LCPC), holding a National Certified Counselor (NCC) credential. Additionally, I am a Neuro-Linguistics Programming Practitioner, Emotional Freedom Techniques Practitioner, TIME Techniques Practitioner, & Hypnotherapy Practitioner.
(208) 759-5992 View (208) 759-5992
Photo of Nathan Hooper, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Nathan Hooper
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Bonners Ferry, ID 83805
Navigating through life can become burdensome alone. As your therapist, I help support the improvement of your relationships both at home with family and others in your work or community lives. Clients will find my approach supportive and inviting. You are able to set their own goals and through our work together we will build communication, conflict resolution, and relationship skills. If you would like to learn more about therapy and how counseling process works, please reach out. I am ready to meet you.
Navigating through life can become burdensome alone. As your therapist, I help support the improvement of your relationships both at home with family and others in your work or community lives. Clients will find my approach supportive and inviting. You are able to set their own goals and through our work together we will build communication, conflict resolution, and relationship skills. If you would like to learn more about therapy and how counseling process works, please reach out. I am ready to meet you.
(208) 225-6320 View (208) 225-6320
Photo of Joseph Klemz, LICSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Joseph Klemz
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Bonners Ferry, ID 83805
As an EMDR Counselor, Joe wants to help you see your own wisdom, draw out your strengths, and develop your own solutions. EMDR is a natural way to heal from trauma, and Joe’s training and expertise in EMDR and other therapy tools means that you’ll be able to tackle whatever you’re facing with the right support.
As an EMDR Counselor, Joe wants to help you see your own wisdom, draw out your strengths, and develop your own solutions. EMDR is a natural way to heal from trauma, and Joe’s training and expertise in EMDR and other therapy tools means that you’ll be able to tackle whatever you’re facing with the right support.
(208) 203-1388 View (208) 203-1388
Photo of Dianne E Smith, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Dianne E Smith
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Bonners Ferry, ID 83805  (Online Only)
Are you feeling stuck in your journey and longing for guidance to navigate life's challenges? As a licensed marriage and family therapist since 1981, I've been privileged to support individuals and families in their growth. Embracing telehealth, I aim to create a safe and understanding space where you can explore your experiences and aspirations. My approach is direct yet compassionate, tailored to your unique beliefs, hopes, and goals. I prioritize education, empowering you with knowledge and skills to manage life's obstacles effectively.
Are you feeling stuck in your journey and longing for guidance to navigate life's challenges? As a licensed marriage and family therapist since 1981, I've been privileged to support individuals and families in their growth. Embracing telehealth, I aim to create a safe and understanding space where you can explore your experiences and aspirations. My approach is direct yet compassionate, tailored to your unique beliefs, hopes, and goals. I prioritize education, empowering you with knowledge and skills to manage life's obstacles effectively.
(855) 928-2089 View (855) 928-2089

Online Therapists

Photo of Sydney M. Stevens, MA, LCPC, LMHC, NCC, Counselor
Sydney M. Stevens
Counselor, MA, LCPC, LMHC, NCC
Verified Verified
Coeur d'Alene, ID 83814
I provide counseling services to adolescents, adults, couples, and families in Idaho and Washington. My clinical experience enables me to offer effective outpatient care through in person, Telehealth, or phone sessions. I enjoy working with a variety of clients helping to support individuals in achieving their goals.
I provide counseling services to adolescents, adults, couples, and families in Idaho and Washington. My clinical experience enables me to offer effective outpatient care through in person, Telehealth, or phone sessions. I enjoy working with a variety of clients helping to support individuals in achieving their goals.
(208) 213-2367 View (208) 213-2367
Photo of Emily Stadstad, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Emily Stadstad
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Coeur d'Alene, ID 83814
Hi, I'm Emily! I currently have a short waitlist, but my practice is accepting new clients. I am someone that is dedicated to my work and truly enjoys forming therapeutic relationships with others. I believe the therapist-client relationship is the key to healing in therapy. As a Marriage and Family Therapist, I examine the entire system to support clients in realizing how their relationships, habits, and environments can affect their mental health in both negative and positive ways. My goal as your therapist is to guide you towards a more fulfilling and content way of life.
Hi, I'm Emily! I currently have a short waitlist, but my practice is accepting new clients. I am someone that is dedicated to my work and truly enjoys forming therapeutic relationships with others. I believe the therapist-client relationship is the key to healing in therapy. As a Marriage and Family Therapist, I examine the entire system to support clients in realizing how their relationships, habits, and environments can affect their mental health in both negative and positive ways. My goal as your therapist is to guide you towards a more fulfilling and content way of life.
(208) 225-6854 View (208) 225-6854
Photo of Jenelle Hampson, MA Ed, Licensed Professional Counselor
Jenelle Hampson
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA Ed
Verified Verified
Coeur d'Alene, ID 83815  (Online Only)
First and foremost I believe in providing an empathetic approach curated with intentional decision based action. I put a strong emphasis on mindset work and helping clients recognize they can take their control back. I am passionate about rewriting the stories our brains have told us throughout our lifetime. These stories have shaped the lens in which we see the world and slowly allow us to bury our core-self alive. As we become more suffocated and trapped, naturally our anxiety and depression take over and we lose control of our life.
First and foremost I believe in providing an empathetic approach curated with intentional decision based action. I put a strong emphasis on mindset work and helping clients recognize they can take their control back. I am passionate about rewriting the stories our brains have told us throughout our lifetime. These stories have shaped the lens in which we see the world and slowly allow us to bury our core-self alive. As we become more suffocated and trapped, naturally our anxiety and depression take over and we lose control of our life.
(208) 428-5813 View (208) 428-5813
Photo of Lea B Harger, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Lea B Harger
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Hayden, ID 83835
The ideal client is a person willing to take that difficult step to realizing they need help and reaching out. This will be worth it! A willingness to reflect and work to address traumas and to grow emotionally. Now offering therapy and life coaching to get you there! Introducing, Jenn Schilling Insight Life Coach, who specializes in helping people find purpose, peace, and clarity by rediscovering and connecting with the most important person in their lives, themselves.
The ideal client is a person willing to take that difficult step to realizing they need help and reaching out. This will be worth it! A willingness to reflect and work to address traumas and to grow emotionally. Now offering therapy and life coaching to get you there! Introducing, Jenn Schilling Insight Life Coach, who specializes in helping people find purpose, peace, and clarity by rediscovering and connecting with the most important person in their lives, themselves.
(208) 203-0831 View (208) 203-0831
Photo of Stephanie Shawn Reeves, LCPC, MEd
Stephanie Shawn Reeves
Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor, LCPC, MEd
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Sandpoint, ID 83864
I am a Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor licensed in Montana and Idaho. I have over 30 years experience working with children, teens and adults. I specialize in behavioral challenges, anxiety, depression, and other diagnosis. I also have experience with eating disorders, PTSD, and parent coaching.i have worked in low income and behavioral schools, residential treatment, and a suicide unit for teens in a hospital setting.I use CBT and other modalities to assist clients in rediscovering their Peace. I have a therapy dog in training named Zen that would love to curl up by you and walk along side you in this journey!
I am a Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor licensed in Montana and Idaho. I have over 30 years experience working with children, teens and adults. I specialize in behavioral challenges, anxiety, depression, and other diagnosis. I also have experience with eating disorders, PTSD, and parent coaching.i have worked in low income and behavioral schools, residential treatment, and a suicide unit for teens in a hospital setting.I use CBT and other modalities to assist clients in rediscovering their Peace. I have a therapy dog in training named Zen that would love to curl up by you and walk along side you in this journey!
(208) 907-9030 View (208) 907-9030
Photo of Tiffany Triplett, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Tiffany Triplett
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Post Falls, ID 83854  (Online Only)
My name is Tiffany Triplett and I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist here in ID. I became a therapist because I want to help you! If you are currently facing a difficult situation and or one that you have been struggling with for years, it is important to maintain a sense of support and balance in your life in order to effectively navigate life's ups and downs. My goal is to empower you in implementing effective solutions to not only get you through the challenges you face, but to help you thrive and reach your full potential. I'm here to provide dedicated mental health support tailored to your needs.
My name is Tiffany Triplett and I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist here in ID. I became a therapist because I want to help you! If you are currently facing a difficult situation and or one that you have been struggling with for years, it is important to maintain a sense of support and balance in your life in order to effectively navigate life's ups and downs. My goal is to empower you in implementing effective solutions to not only get you through the challenges you face, but to help you thrive and reach your full potential. I'm here to provide dedicated mental health support tailored to your needs.
(208) 886-1627 View (208) 886-1627
Photo of DeAnna Richmond, MA, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
DeAnna Richmond
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
8 Endorsed
Hayden, ID 83835
Welcome to Alight Counseling. Finding a counselor that is a good fit can be a challenge. Maybe you have tried talk therapy and/or medication, and it has not worked or is not an option for you. We effectively treat clients using both talk therapy and neurofeedback that addresses issues at the source. Neurofeedback is a cutting-edge non-invasive technology designed to train the brain using the brain’s natural reward system.
Welcome to Alight Counseling. Finding a counselor that is a good fit can be a challenge. Maybe you have tried talk therapy and/or medication, and it has not worked or is not an option for you. We effectively treat clients using both talk therapy and neurofeedback that addresses issues at the source. Neurofeedback is a cutting-edge non-invasive technology designed to train the brain using the brain’s natural reward system.
(208) 540-9183 View (208) 540-9183
Photo of Savannah Schertenleib, MA, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Savannah Schertenleib
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Coeur d'Alene, ID 83814
My approach to working with you as a client involves coming alongside you and your journey, where you may feel lost and ready to release all you've been carrying. I work from a foundational space of empathy & compassion, helping my clients gain insight to what behaviors, limiting beliefs, or old patterns may be holding them back from healing and experiencing freedom and sovereignty. My ideal client is open to a holistic approach, one that is cultivated from a safe space where clients reclaim their voice, deepen their sense of self and intuition. My goal is to help my clients feel supported, celebrated, and embodied in who they are.
My approach to working with you as a client involves coming alongside you and your journey, where you may feel lost and ready to release all you've been carrying. I work from a foundational space of empathy & compassion, helping my clients gain insight to what behaviors, limiting beliefs, or old patterns may be holding them back from healing and experiencing freedom and sovereignty. My ideal client is open to a holistic approach, one that is cultivated from a safe space where clients reclaim their voice, deepen their sense of self and intuition. My goal is to help my clients feel supported, celebrated, and embodied in who they are.
(208) 261-2255 View (208) 261-2255

See more therapy options for Boundary County

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Boundary County, ID

10+

Average cost per session

$135

Therapists in Boundary County, ID who prioritize treating:

100% Depression
100% Anxiety
100% Stress
92% Trauma and PTSD
92% Coping Skills
83% Relationship Issues
75% Family Conflict

Average years in practice

14 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

92% Regence
75% Aetna
75% BlueCross and BlueShield

How Therapists in Boundary County, ID see their clients

92% In Person and Online
8% Online Only

Gender breakdown

64% Female
36% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Boundary County?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.