Therapists in Winneshiek County, IA

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Photo of Meg M Hammes, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Winneshiek County, IA
Meg M Hammes
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, CCTP
Verified Verified
Decorah, IA 52101
Not accepting new clients
I come from a client-centered, strengths-based perspective, approaching my work from a non-judgmental stance, knowing, and trusting that the only expert in your life is you! As a certified trauma professional I engage with techniques to help people struggling with wounds from current and past relationships to move on from painful experiences. I believe personal growth happens within relation to others, insight and vulnerability. My role is to support you through that process. I am gender affirming and have a strong passion for work with folks within the LGBTQ+ and BIPOC/AAIP communities.
I come from a client-centered, strengths-based perspective, approaching my work from a non-judgmental stance, knowing, and trusting that the only expert in your life is you! As a certified trauma professional I engage with techniques to help people struggling with wounds from current and past relationships to move on from painful experiences. I believe personal growth happens within relation to others, insight and vulnerability. My role is to support you through that process. I am gender affirming and have a strong passion for work with folks within the LGBTQ+ and BIPOC/AAIP communities.
(414) 626-0797 View (414) 626-0797
Photo of Marion Niles, Counselor in Winneshiek County, IA
Marion Niles
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Decorah, IA 52101
You are considering counseling because you may need support and encouragement at a particularly challenging time in your life. Talking to loved ones may not be an option. A professional counselor can assist you in finding more clarity and insight. When we recognize unhelpful patterns, we can initiate change by looking at our options. Even at times when we can't change the inevitable, we can still learn to cope by utilizing our internal wisdom. Perhaps I can support you on your journey towards increasing insight and wisdom. I believe that therapy is a process which is grounded in trust and in the safety of a therapeutic relationship.
You are considering counseling because you may need support and encouragement at a particularly challenging time in your life. Talking to loved ones may not be an option. A professional counselor can assist you in finding more clarity and insight. When we recognize unhelpful patterns, we can initiate change by looking at our options. Even at times when we can't change the inevitable, we can still learn to cope by utilizing our internal wisdom. Perhaps I can support you on your journey towards increasing insight and wisdom. I believe that therapy is a process which is grounded in trust and in the safety of a therapeutic relationship.
(563) 316-6749 View (563) 316-6749
Photo of Karen Haas Misseldine, Counselor in Winneshiek County, IA
Karen Haas Misseldine
Counselor, LMHC, ATR
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Decorah, IA 52101
I am a Licensed Mental Health Therapist and Registered Art Therapist. I am certified in EMDR and Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy. I have been helping people of all ages navigate mental health and life challenges for over 25 years. Together, we can tailor your therapy to meet your individual needs so you can move beyond whatever is holding you back and begin to experience the relief and change you are seeking. My approach is non-judgmental, compassionate and collaborative.
I am a Licensed Mental Health Therapist and Registered Art Therapist. I am certified in EMDR and Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy. I have been helping people of all ages navigate mental health and life challenges for over 25 years. Together, we can tailor your therapy to meet your individual needs so you can move beyond whatever is holding you back and begin to experience the relief and change you are seeking. My approach is non-judgmental, compassionate and collaborative.
(563) 202-2189 View (563) 202-2189
Photo of Manon C. Bushman, Counselor in Winneshiek County, IA
Manon C. Bushman
Counselor, MA, tLMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Decorah, IA 52101
Hey there! Life can leave us with thoughts, feelings, and emotions that are sometimes difficult to navigate on our own. Everyone deserves a safe space to honestly share their burdens and celebrate their successes! I believe change is inevitable when we show up authentically and strive to gain insight into what is working well and what might not be work so well. When old patterns that no longer serve us, are uncovered, new ways of thinking and being will reflect a life that is true to you!
Hey there! Life can leave us with thoughts, feelings, and emotions that are sometimes difficult to navigate on our own. Everyone deserves a safe space to honestly share their burdens and celebrate their successes! I believe change is inevitable when we show up authentically and strive to gain insight into what is working well and what might not be work so well. When old patterns that no longer serve us, are uncovered, new ways of thinking and being will reflect a life that is true to you!
(319) 264-1953 View (319) 264-1953
Photo of Deanna L Engrav, Marriage & Family Therapist in Winneshiek County, IA
Deanna L Engrav
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, MA, CADC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Decorah, IA 52101
Not accepting new clients
My areas of focus include working with individuals who have experienced trauma and individuals dealing with addiction. I offer an unbiased surrounding where you can feel safe while discussing intimate details about your personal journey throughout life. My approach to therapy is integrative with priority given to EMDR. I look forward to meeting with you and beginning this incredible transition together!
My areas of focus include working with individuals who have experienced trauma and individuals dealing with addiction. I offer an unbiased surrounding where you can feel safe while discussing intimate details about your personal journey throughout life. My approach to therapy is integrative with priority given to EMDR. I look forward to meeting with you and beginning this incredible transition together!
(515) 200-1741 View (515) 200-1741
Photo of George Lough, Psychologist in Winneshiek County, IA
George Lough
Psychologist, PhD, SEP, NARM
Verified Verified
Decorah, IA 52101  (Online Only)
For over forty years I've helped individuals and couples heal their emotional wounds. If you grew up in a dysfunctional family, the traumatic effects of that environment, such as anxiety, depression, anger, and relationship problems, are with you to this day. To have the fully functioning life you want, it is essential to recover from the neglect, abuse, and lack of parental attunement from which you may have suffered in your early years. I'll collaborate with you to help you understand how your past affects your present, and how you can make the changes you need to improve your life and relationships.
For over forty years I've helped individuals and couples heal their emotional wounds. If you grew up in a dysfunctional family, the traumatic effects of that environment, such as anxiety, depression, anger, and relationship problems, are with you to this day. To have the fully functioning life you want, it is essential to recover from the neglect, abuse, and lack of parental attunement from which you may have suffered in your early years. I'll collaborate with you to help you understand how your past affects your present, and how you can make the changes you need to improve your life and relationships.
(608) 523-9041 View (608) 523-9041
Photo of Ricki (Richelle) Christene Bouska, Counselor in Winneshiek County, IA
Ricki (Richelle) Christene Bouska
Counselor, PhD, LMHC, NCC
Verified Verified
Decorah, IA 52101  (Online Only)
I am a woman of great faith, a deep love for my family, and an abundance of hope! I truly believe I was called into the counseling ministry. I have a heart for coming alongside others as they endeavor to move forward in life. With a belief in human potential and each person's inherent worth, I offer companionship for the journey! The name Sacred Space Counseling Center, LLC was intentionally chosen. It encapsulates the essence of what therapy is to me, and ...what I hope it becomes for you! Come, take sanctuary in my Sacred Space!
I am a woman of great faith, a deep love for my family, and an abundance of hope! I truly believe I was called into the counseling ministry. I have a heart for coming alongside others as they endeavor to move forward in life. With a belief in human potential and each person's inherent worth, I offer companionship for the journey! The name Sacred Space Counseling Center, LLC was intentionally chosen. It encapsulates the essence of what therapy is to me, and ...what I hope it becomes for you! Come, take sanctuary in my Sacred Space!
(563) 207-3793 View (563) 207-3793

Online Therapists

Photo of Deanna Kozlowski, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Winneshiek County, IA
Deanna Kozlowski
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LISW
Verified Verified
Mason City, IA 50401
I received my Bachelor of Arts degree in Psychology with a minor in Community Health in 2002 from Eastern Illinois University. I graduated from The University of Chicago in 2006 with my Master's in Social Work with a concentration in Clinical Social Work and specialization in School Social Work. I'm a Licensed Independent Social Worker and certified Cognitive Behavioral Therapist with a history of working in mental health agencies, schools, hospital and private practice settings. I'm currently a member of The National Association of Social Workers (NASW) and Academy of Cognitive Therapists.
I received my Bachelor of Arts degree in Psychology with a minor in Community Health in 2002 from Eastern Illinois University. I graduated from The University of Chicago in 2006 with my Master's in Social Work with a concentration in Clinical Social Work and specialization in School Social Work. I'm a Licensed Independent Social Worker and certified Cognitive Behavioral Therapist with a history of working in mental health agencies, schools, hospital and private practice settings. I'm currently a member of The National Association of Social Workers (NASW) and Academy of Cognitive Therapists.
(641) 672-7462 View (641) 672-7462
Photo of Sarah Gallagher, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Winneshiek County, IA
Sarah Gallagher
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LISW, PMH-C
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Atkins, IA 52206  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
Whether you are new to therapy or you are looking to return to a safe space; it is my intention to provide a supportive environment to help you feel better. I use a combination of evidence based interventions that are tailored to your unique needs. My practice has roots from humanistic and integrative frameworks and I am trained in Polyvagal EMDR and have specialized training in EMDR for perinatal trauma, anxiety and mood disorders through The Touchstone Institute. I have certificates in ACT, DBT and CBT modalities and am informed in Internal Family Systems. I will collaborate with you to select the most effective modality.
Whether you are new to therapy or you are looking to return to a safe space; it is my intention to provide a supportive environment to help you feel better. I use a combination of evidence based interventions that are tailored to your unique needs. My practice has roots from humanistic and integrative frameworks and I am trained in Polyvagal EMDR and have specialized training in EMDR for perinatal trauma, anxiety and mood disorders through The Touchstone Institute. I have certificates in ACT, DBT and CBT modalities and am informed in Internal Family Systems. I will collaborate with you to select the most effective modality.
(319) 984-4149 View (319) 984-4149
Photo of Kristin Schloemer, Counselor in Winneshiek County, IA
Kristin Schloemer
Counselor, LMHC, NCC
Verified Verified
Cedar Rapids, IA 52402  (Online Only)
Flawed with good intentions. I believe this is how many of us would describe ourselves. There's times when our intentions miss the mark & we struggle to express ourselves in ways that are healthy & effective in our relationships. With 20+ years in the mental health field, I've worked with many people just like you who can have difficulty communicating in ways that feel comfortable & genuine. Utilizing a variety of evidence-based approaches, I'll work with you to sort through feelings & situations that create or perpetuate distress & to find calm in who you are & who you want to be. I'm here to help you uncover your potential.
Flawed with good intentions. I believe this is how many of us would describe ourselves. There's times when our intentions miss the mark & we struggle to express ourselves in ways that are healthy & effective in our relationships. With 20+ years in the mental health field, I've worked with many people just like you who can have difficulty communicating in ways that feel comfortable & genuine. Utilizing a variety of evidence-based approaches, I'll work with you to sort through feelings & situations that create or perpetuate distress & to find calm in who you are & who you want to be. I'm here to help you uncover your potential.
(319) 988-2390 View (319) 988-2390
Photo of Stefanie Dingbaum, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Winneshiek County, IA
Stefanie Dingbaum
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LISW
Verified Verified
Manchester, IA 52057
I firmly believe in order to experience true healing in life one must start by discovering the underlying root cause of their pain, stress, or trauma and ultimately working through those areas. I don’t believe in quick band-aid fixes or short-and-sweet solutions. I strive to first build a firm foundation together, built with mutual trust and commitment; knowing the path to healing is not usually linear. I also want you to believe you are resilient enough to come out of any obstacle stronger than when you started. What I strive for in every client interaction is you feeling heard, understood, and accepted just as you are.
I firmly believe in order to experience true healing in life one must start by discovering the underlying root cause of their pain, stress, or trauma and ultimately working through those areas. I don’t believe in quick band-aid fixes or short-and-sweet solutions. I strive to first build a firm foundation together, built with mutual trust and commitment; knowing the path to healing is not usually linear. I also want you to believe you are resilient enough to come out of any obstacle stronger than when you started. What I strive for in every client interaction is you feeling heard, understood, and accepted just as you are.
(563) 674-6012 View (563) 674-6012
Photo of Chad Mohammad 20Min Wpath, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Winneshiek County, IA
Chad Mohammad 20Min Wpath
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW, MSW
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Cedar Falls, IA 50613
I provide 20-minute WPATH/Letter of support on the first session, and I encourage my colleagues to do the same. I am the person you want to see if: You had bad experiences with therapy in the past, or you don't like the idea of staring someone in the eye and answering question after question, or you don't want someone who thinks they know you. All of those things make therapy a huge bummer.
I provide 20-minute WPATH/Letter of support on the first session, and I encourage my colleagues to do the same. I am the person you want to see if: You had bad experiences with therapy in the past, or you don't like the idea of staring someone in the eye and answering question after question, or you don't want someone who thinks they know you. All of those things make therapy a huge bummer.
(319) 669-5021 View (319) 669-5021
Photo of Shaun Schroeder- Tanager Place, Counselor in Winneshiek County, IA
Shaun Schroeder- Tanager Place
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
Cedar Rapids, IA 52403
As a therapist, I strive to help people get connected and reconnected with their lives by being true to themselves and living lives they can be proud of. I strive to teach, inspire, and help each client to reach achievable goals in order to enrich their lives.
As a therapist, I strive to help people get connected and reconnected with their lives by being true to themselves and living lives they can be proud of. I strive to teach, inspire, and help each client to reach achievable goals in order to enrich their lives.
(319) 224-8704 View (319) 224-8704
Photo of Chelsea Siefken, Counselor in Winneshiek County, IA
Chelsea Siefken
Counselor, MA, LMHC , RPT
Verified Verified
Cedar Falls, IA 50613
Thank you for taking a moment to look through my profile, Counseling can be a scary step and finding the right person for you is essential. A little about me, I am a Licensed Mental Health Counselor and Registered Play Therapist. I work with all ages individually, couples and families. Therapy is a wonderful resource and a place to gain insights, grow in a safe and nonjudgmental space. Utilizing your own strengths to assist you in achieving your goals. Working with clients to heal and be become their best. Hearing each client's story and creating a plan with them makes every session unique.
Thank you for taking a moment to look through my profile, Counseling can be a scary step and finding the right person for you is essential. A little about me, I am a Licensed Mental Health Counselor and Registered Play Therapist. I work with all ages individually, couples and families. Therapy is a wonderful resource and a place to gain insights, grow in a safe and nonjudgmental space. Utilizing your own strengths to assist you in achieving your goals. Working with clients to heal and be become their best. Hearing each client's story and creating a plan with them makes every session unique.
(319) 271-8176 View (319) 271-8176
Photo of Sherry Post, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Winneshiek County, IA
Sherry Post
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMHC, MS
Verified Verified
Mason City, IA 50401
I come to work each day with the same goal: To make a difference in the lives of others. My approach to therapy is to get to know each client I serve and build an individual treatment plan that helps them achieve their goals and thrive. My office is a safe space where you can feel comfortable opening up and finding the skills that are the best fit for you. It’s my belief that personal awareness is key to bringing forth change. The more you are aware of your feelings and thoughts, the more you can make a change. Together, let’s take the steps you need to make a positive change in your life.
I come to work each day with the same goal: To make a difference in the lives of others. My approach to therapy is to get to know each client I serve and build an individual treatment plan that helps them achieve their goals and thrive. My office is a safe space where you can feel comfortable opening up and finding the skills that are the best fit for you. It’s my belief that personal awareness is key to bringing forth change. The more you are aware of your feelings and thoughts, the more you can make a change. Together, let’s take the steps you need to make a positive change in your life.
(888) 581-9281 View (888) 581-9281
Photo of Lexy Howell Child And Family Therapist, Marriage & Family Therapist in Winneshiek County, IA
Lexy Howell Child And Family Therapist
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, RPT
Verified Verified
Cedar Rapids, IA 52402
Immediate openings for new clients. It is difficult to see your child struggle and even more difficult when you don't know how to help them. I specialize in helping kids and teens use their strengths to take steps toward their goals. I will create a strong and safe therapeutic alliance, allowing your child to become vulnerable and open up about their problems. I work in a supportive manner and implement solutions that build on your child's unique needs and strengths.
Immediate openings for new clients. It is difficult to see your child struggle and even more difficult when you don't know how to help them. I specialize in helping kids and teens use their strengths to take steps toward their goals. I will create a strong and safe therapeutic alliance, allowing your child to become vulnerable and open up about their problems. I work in a supportive manner and implement solutions that build on your child's unique needs and strengths.
(319) 669-5202 View (319) 669-5202
Photo of Kathleen Jensen, Counselor in Winneshiek County, IA
Kathleen Jensen
Counselor, MA, MS, LMHC
Verified Verified
Cedar Rapids, IA 52402  (Online Only)
My therapeutic perspective comes from the belief that the relationship we build in therapy is the foundation of all meaningful work you do in session. I strive to create an environment that allows you to feel comfortable and accepted to work on hard things. I enjoy supporting clients to explore the connections between earlier life experiences and their current symptoms. I believe you are the expert in your own life and will assist you in seeking better understanding of your thoughts, feelings, and experiences. I hope to help you notice how emotions show up in your body, learn skills to cope in healthier ways, and feel more grounded.
My therapeutic perspective comes from the belief that the relationship we build in therapy is the foundation of all meaningful work you do in session. I strive to create an environment that allows you to feel comfortable and accepted to work on hard things. I enjoy supporting clients to explore the connections between earlier life experiences and their current symptoms. I believe you are the expert in your own life and will assist you in seeking better understanding of your thoughts, feelings, and experiences. I hope to help you notice how emotions show up in your body, learn skills to cope in healthier ways, and feel more grounded.
(319) 456-4606 View (319) 456-4606
Photo of Kerstin Marnin, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Winneshiek County, IA
Kerstin Marnin
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LISW
Verified Verified
Cedar Rapids, IA 52402
I believe that people have the capacity for growth and self-actualization. We are the best experts on ourselves and have tremendous capacity for change but sometimes we don't know how to put that potential to use. Sometimes, anxiety, trauma, or low self-esteem keep us from coping with circumstances or trusting our abilities. We feel trapped, overwhelmed, or helpless and we question or doubt ourselves at every turn. But it doesn't have to stay this way. Therapy can give you the support to feel accepted and the confidence to start facing your biggest challenges.
I believe that people have the capacity for growth and self-actualization. We are the best experts on ourselves and have tremendous capacity for change but sometimes we don't know how to put that potential to use. Sometimes, anxiety, trauma, or low self-esteem keep us from coping with circumstances or trusting our abilities. We feel trapped, overwhelmed, or helpless and we question or doubt ourselves at every turn. But it doesn't have to stay this way. Therapy can give you the support to feel accepted and the confidence to start facing your biggest challenges.
(319) 469-8145 View (319) 469-8145
Photo of Caleb Hess, Counselor in Winneshiek County, IA
Caleb Hess
Counselor, MA, LMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Cedar Falls, IA 50613
I am currently accepting referrals for both in-person and telehealth sessions! I am passionate about working with individuals and couples to promote positive growth and change. My approach to therapy is to work alongside you and develop client-driven interventions to facilitate the changes you want to see. Throughout our sessions together I will strive to create a nonjudgmental atmosphere and empower you on your journey of self-discovery.
I am currently accepting referrals for both in-person and telehealth sessions! I am passionate about working with individuals and couples to promote positive growth and change. My approach to therapy is to work alongside you and develop client-driven interventions to facilitate the changes you want to see. Throughout our sessions together I will strive to create a nonjudgmental atmosphere and empower you on your journey of self-discovery.
(319) 214-7859 View (319) 214-7859
Photo of Hope Connection Counseling & Therapy, LLC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Winneshiek County, IA
Hope Connection Counseling & Therapy, LLC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LISW, LICSW
Verified Verified
Waterloo, IA 50703
Are you struggling? Are you looking for a counselor with a Christian world view? If so, consider reaching out to our counselor. We believe, you were created for a purpose. Never settle for less than God’s very best for your life! We believe purpose can only be found through a personal relationship with Jesus Christ. Contact us if this is something that resonates with you.
Are you struggling? Are you looking for a counselor with a Christian world view? If so, consider reaching out to our counselor. We believe, you were created for a purpose. Never settle for less than God’s very best for your life! We believe purpose can only be found through a personal relationship with Jesus Christ. Contact us if this is something that resonates with you.
(319) 250-2425 View (319) 250-2425

See more therapy options for Winneshiek County

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Winneshiek County, IA

< 10

Therapists in Winneshiek County, IA who prioritize treating:

100% Relationship Issues
100% Anxiety
100% Self Esteem
86% Depression
86% Grief
86% Trauma and PTSD
86% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

32 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% BlueCross and BlueShield
100% Wellmark BCBS
75% Midlands Choice

How Therapists in Winneshiek County, IA see their clients

72% In Person and Online
28% Online Only

Gender breakdown

86% Female
14% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Winneshiek County?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.