Therapists in Kula, HI

Photo of Julia Vickers, Marriage & Family Therapist in Kula, HI
Julia Vickers
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Kula, HI 96790  (Online Only)
I know what it’s like to deeply love someone and yet not bring your best self to the relationship. I learned how to have a healthy relationship through facing my fears of vulnerability and failure and taking responsibility for my actions in my relationship. I seek to help couples who are highly committed to one another and are facing a crisis or struggling to connect. When there is crisis or stress, we often rely on unhelpful habits and ways of communicating that wear on our relationships. Let’s work on that love connection that you are both are wanting.
I know what it’s like to deeply love someone and yet not bring your best self to the relationship. I learned how to have a healthy relationship through facing my fears of vulnerability and failure and taking responsibility for my actions in my relationship. I seek to help couples who are highly committed to one another and are facing a crisis or struggling to connect. When there is crisis or stress, we often rely on unhelpful habits and ways of communicating that wear on our relationships. Let’s work on that love connection that you are both are wanting.
(808) 563-4807 View (808) 563-4807
Photo of Dustin Kerrone, Marriage & Family Therapist in Kula, HI
Dustin Kerrone
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Kula, HI 96790  (Online Only)
Love. Joy. Ecstasy. Awe. In my 18 years of clinical experience, I’ve discovered that we each have far more capacity for these expansive feelings than we often realize. Whether you are contending with many challenges, or feel ready to fly through the stars, I can work with you collaboratively to shape a life that fulfills your highest dreams, and maybe even soars beyond them. I’m eager to share what I’ve learned about our abilities to break out of old patterns of pain, fear, and shame into fruitful creativity and communion with the most inspiring aspects of being alive.
Love. Joy. Ecstasy. Awe. In my 18 years of clinical experience, I’ve discovered that we each have far more capacity for these expansive feelings than we often realize. Whether you are contending with many challenges, or feel ready to fly through the stars, I can work with you collaboratively to shape a life that fulfills your highest dreams, and maybe even soars beyond them. I’m eager to share what I’ve learned about our abilities to break out of old patterns of pain, fear, and shame into fruitful creativity and communion with the most inspiring aspects of being alive.
(808) 460-6374 View (808) 460-6374
Photo of Antoinette Rodrigues, Marriage & Family Therapist in Kula, HI
Antoinette Rodrigues
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Kula, HI 96790
Toni’s clients describe her as genuine and compassionate. She enjoys working with couples, families and individuals from a strength-based, cognitive-behavioral and experiential approach. She particularly enjoys working with families in recovery, in all age groups.
Toni’s clients describe her as genuine and compassionate. She enjoys working with couples, families and individuals from a strength-based, cognitive-behavioral and experiential approach. She particularly enjoys working with families in recovery, in all age groups.
(808) 427-1611 View (808) 427-1611
Photo of Dr. Cassendra E. Caceres-Licos, Psychologist in Kula, HI
Dr. Cassendra E. Caceres-Licos
Psychologist, PsyD, MA
Verified Verified
Kula, HI 96790  (Online Only)
I view therapy as a collaborative process toward healing, where I helps folks identify and bring awareness to their behavioral patterns, build curiosity about where these patterns come from and how they serve/served them, and how they may get in the way of thriving. In therapy, I help people develop new skills, perspectives, and offer additional options and pathways for living, not just surviving. Licensed as a clinical psychologist for 3+ years and have 9+ years of working in mental health in a variety of settings including schools, community outpatient, residential treatment, psychiatric hospitals, and integrated healthcare.
I view therapy as a collaborative process toward healing, where I helps folks identify and bring awareness to their behavioral patterns, build curiosity about where these patterns come from and how they serve/served them, and how they may get in the way of thriving. In therapy, I help people develop new skills, perspectives, and offer additional options and pathways for living, not just surviving. Licensed as a clinical psychologist for 3+ years and have 9+ years of working in mental health in a variety of settings including schools, community outpatient, residential treatment, psychiatric hospitals, and integrated healthcare.
(808) 278-9859 View (808) 278-9859
Photo of Dr. Haunani Iao, Psychologist in Kula, HI
Dr. Haunani Iao
Psychologist, PsyD, MA
Verified Verified
Kula, HI 96790  (Online Only)
I am Native Hawaiian, born and raised in Hawai’i with 13+ years of experience and solid training as a licensed clinical health psychologist and 8 years of leadership experience in healthcare. Therapy is a process of growth, learning, and change. My role is to support, guide, coach, and educate. I have specialized training in the treatment of anxiety, insomnia, depression, trauma, and psychological treatments for medical disorders- chronic pain and diabetes. I am trained in two highly effective/evidence based treatments- Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia.
I am Native Hawaiian, born and raised in Hawai’i with 13+ years of experience and solid training as a licensed clinical health psychologist and 8 years of leadership experience in healthcare. Therapy is a process of growth, learning, and change. My role is to support, guide, coach, and educate. I have specialized training in the treatment of anxiety, insomnia, depression, trauma, and psychological treatments for medical disorders- chronic pain and diabetes. I am trained in two highly effective/evidence based treatments- Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia.
(808) 207-7680 View (808) 207-7680
Photo of Daniel Joseph Lane, Psychologist in Kula, HI
Daniel Joseph Lane
Psychologist, PhD, MSc
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Kula, HI 96790
I am a psychodynamic therapist trained in Berkeley, Calif., and primarily work from Object Relations and Control Mastery theories. I also incorporate the Japanese based Naikan psychotherapy and Mindfulness Meditation that may benefit from more of an Eastern approach in their treatment.
I am a psychodynamic therapist trained in Berkeley, Calif., and primarily work from Object Relations and Control Mastery theories. I also incorporate the Japanese based Naikan psychotherapy and Mindfulness Meditation that may benefit from more of an Eastern approach in their treatment.
(808) 425-9553 View (808) 425-9553
Photo of Michele 'shelby' Scofield, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Kula, HI
Michele 'shelby' Scofield
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, PhD, LCSW, CSAC
Verified Verified
Kula, HI 96790
Behavior is an alamalgamation of learned patterns that lead to particular outcomes. Engaging in therapy with Counseling Alternatives for Recovery Maintenance (CARM) will help you identify patterns that no longer serve your desired goals and will help you develop in ways that improve your quality of life...Are you ready?
Behavior is an alamalgamation of learned patterns that lead to particular outcomes. Engaging in therapy with Counseling Alternatives for Recovery Maintenance (CARM) will help you identify patterns that no longer serve your desired goals and will help you develop in ways that improve your quality of life...Are you ready?
(808) 518-6213 View (808) 518-6213
Photo of Cathy Hembd, Marriage & Family Therapist in Kula, HI
Cathy Hembd
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, MFT
Verified Verified
Kula, HI 96790
Are you feeling lonely, depressed, anxious, angry or just dissatisfied with your relationships, your work, or your life? We all are conditioned by our experiences and impacted by genetics, but with awareness and compassion you can begin to make choices that are more fulfilling, satisfying and meaningful. The more we are able to meet the full range of our emotions and all aspects of our internal dialogue, the more freedom we have to be our genuine selves.
Are you feeling lonely, depressed, anxious, angry or just dissatisfied with your relationships, your work, or your life? We all are conditioned by our experiences and impacted by genetics, but with awareness and compassion you can begin to make choices that are more fulfilling, satisfying and meaningful. The more we are able to meet the full range of our emotions and all aspects of our internal dialogue, the more freedom we have to be our genuine selves.
(808) 518-2587 View (808) 518-2587
Photo of Jennifer Purcell, Marriage & Family Therapist in Kula, HI
Jennifer Purcell
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, MA, CSAC
Verified Verified
Kula, HI 96790  (Online Only)
We all experience challenging and overwhelming periods in life. We often turn to friends, family, or faith is often helpful in navigating life's paths, we also benefit from a trained ear that can listen from the outside. Therapy is a safe place for exploration; a journey towards more fulfilling relationships and a time of learning new ideas and skill sets to enjoy a more satisfying life. I work with clients in a safe confidential setting where we can explore any issues that are of concern to you.
We all experience challenging and overwhelming periods in life. We often turn to friends, family, or faith is often helpful in navigating life's paths, we also benefit from a trained ear that can listen from the outside. Therapy is a safe place for exploration; a journey towards more fulfilling relationships and a time of learning new ideas and skill sets to enjoy a more satisfying life. I work with clients in a safe confidential setting where we can explore any issues that are of concern to you.
(808) 582-5954 View (808) 582-5954
Photo of Maria d'Avella, Marriage & Family Therapist in Kula, HI
Maria d'Avella
Marriage & Family Therapist, MFT
Verified Verified
Kula, HI 96790
Depression, anxiety, trauma, and other negative influences can foster doubt and isolation. Fears usurp our natural capacity for joy. Life transitions are challenging and affect entire families. Don't go it alone. Psychotherapy can help evoke wholeness and health, renew relationships and perspective. Be the person you were born to be. Know yourself and make an informed change.
Depression, anxiety, trauma, and other negative influences can foster doubt and isolation. Fears usurp our natural capacity for joy. Life transitions are challenging and affect entire families. Don't go it alone. Psychotherapy can help evoke wholeness and health, renew relationships and perspective. Be the person you were born to be. Know yourself and make an informed change.
(808) 280-3431 View (808) 280-3431
Photo of Anonui Health & Wellness Hawaii LLC, Pre-Licensed Professional in Kula, HI
Anonui Health & Wellness Hawaii LLC
Pre-Licensed Professional, MFT, CSAC
Verified Verified
Kula, HI 96790
Aloha Ka Kou, My name is Monique Pualani Anuenue Gomes and I would be honored to provide you with "Culturally Sensitive" therapeutic services. Please allow me to lend my Kokua (help) and walk with you through this therapeutic journey. Being Native Hawaiian born & raised on Oahu island, have experience working with Hawaii's Unique Multicultural population. According to a recent study by Krogstad (2015) Hawaii is home to the Nation's Largest Multiracial American population. This means, 1 out of 4 individuals (24%) identify with multiracial or multicultural ancestry. Therefore, to provide "culturally sensitive" therapeutic services, is to, provide "competent" therapeutic services.
Aloha Ka Kou, My name is Monique Pualani Anuenue Gomes and I would be honored to provide you with "Culturally Sensitive" therapeutic services. Please allow me to lend my Kokua (help) and walk with you through this therapeutic journey. Being Native Hawaiian born & raised on Oahu island, have experience working with Hawaii's Unique Multicultural population. According to a recent study by Krogstad (2015) Hawaii is home to the Nation's Largest Multiracial American population. This means, 1 out of 4 individuals (24%) identify with multiracial or multicultural ancestry. Therefore, to provide "culturally sensitive" therapeutic services, is to, provide "competent" therapeutic services.
(808) 400-7247 View (808) 400-7247
Photo of Charlie Schlather, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Kula, HI
Charlie Schlather
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, PhD, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Kula, HI 96790
Working through life’s challenges sometimes requires the support, guidance and expertise of an effective counselor. Whether you need to work your way out of a rut, have what feels like intractable habits, or just want to elevate your existence, I can help you harness your inner power and get you on your way to experiencing your true potential.
Working through life’s challenges sometimes requires the support, guidance and expertise of an effective counselor. Whether you need to work your way out of a rut, have what feels like intractable habits, or just want to elevate your existence, I can help you harness your inner power and get you on your way to experiencing your true potential.
(808) 793-5387 View (808) 793-5387
Photo of David Dolan, Counselor in Kula, HI
David Dolan
Counselor, LMHC, CSAC, NCC
Verified Verified
Kula, HI 96790
Aloha! I specialize in the treatment of substance abuse and addictions of all kinds, mental health issues, including anxiety, depression and life transitions, and trauma treatment with somatic healing and Attachment Focused EMDR. If you are struggling with a substance abuse issue and are looking to work with a counselor one-on-one who deeply understands the struggles of addiction and the triumphs of recovery, we may be a good fit. I have been in long term recovery myself for many years and my combined training in psychotherapy and my personal experience place me in a unique position to be of service.
Aloha! I specialize in the treatment of substance abuse and addictions of all kinds, mental health issues, including anxiety, depression and life transitions, and trauma treatment with somatic healing and Attachment Focused EMDR. If you are struggling with a substance abuse issue and are looking to work with a counselor one-on-one who deeply understands the struggles of addiction and the triumphs of recovery, we may be a good fit. I have been in long term recovery myself for many years and my combined training in psychotherapy and my personal experience place me in a unique position to be of service.
(808) 201-3816 View (808) 201-3816
Photo of Crystal L Deichert, Licensed Professional Counselor in Kula, HI
Crystal L Deichert
Licensed Professional Counselor, LMHC, LPC, MFT, EMDR
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Kula, HI 96790  (Online Only)
Aloha! In my practice, I often encounter clients grappling with burnout, emptiness, and a lack of fulfillment in their lives. Physical ailments, particularly in the core: stomach, chest, back, and upper body, are common manifestations of unresolved emotional issues. Clients seek my assistance in addressing these ailments, as well as issues with life purpose, feelings of not fitting in, and a desire for understanding. My clients include visionaries, entrepreneurs, therapists/healers, empaths, light beings, and individuals with high emotional intelligence.
Aloha! In my practice, I often encounter clients grappling with burnout, emptiness, and a lack of fulfillment in their lives. Physical ailments, particularly in the core: stomach, chest, back, and upper body, are common manifestations of unresolved emotional issues. Clients seek my assistance in addressing these ailments, as well as issues with life purpose, feelings of not fitting in, and a desire for understanding. My clients include visionaries, entrepreneurs, therapists/healers, empaths, light beings, and individuals with high emotional intelligence.
(808) 818-5328 View (808) 818-5328
Photo of Tanya Noelle Gabriel, Counselor in Kula, HI
Tanya Noelle Gabriel
Counselor, MA, LMHC, NCC
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Kula, HI 96790  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
The human experience can be extremely challenging at times. With practice, you can learn to navigate the difficult parts of life with more ease, acceptance, and inner peace. I believe in the proven benefits of mindfulness-based therapies which is why my approach to therapy is hands on using therapy models such as Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), Internal Family Systems (IFS), and Mindfulness Based Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (MBCB). I specialize in treating depression and anxiety disorders, and helping people navigate difficult life transitions.
The human experience can be extremely challenging at times. With practice, you can learn to navigate the difficult parts of life with more ease, acceptance, and inner peace. I believe in the proven benefits of mindfulness-based therapies which is why my approach to therapy is hands on using therapy models such as Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), Internal Family Systems (IFS), and Mindfulness Based Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (MBCB). I specialize in treating depression and anxiety disorders, and helping people navigate difficult life transitions.
(808) 731-1167 View (808) 731-1167
Photo of Dr. Nathan Hale, Psychologist in Kula, HI
Dr. Nathan Hale
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Kula, HI 96790  (Online Only)
Are you bothered by constant worry, fear, nervousness or anxiety? Feeling down, depressed, hopeless or like life is always going wrong? Having difficulty focusing or concentrating and feeling like you are always on the move? Is procrastinating or always putting things off until the last minute something you struggle with? These are all a part of being human, and there is nothing wrong with you. Let me help you better how to understand these thoughts, and feelings and drop the struggle against them. I can help you better understand how you can change behaviors and live a better life, even with these thoughts and feelings.
Are you bothered by constant worry, fear, nervousness or anxiety? Feeling down, depressed, hopeless or like life is always going wrong? Having difficulty focusing or concentrating and feeling like you are always on the move? Is procrastinating or always putting things off until the last minute something you struggle with? These are all a part of being human, and there is nothing wrong with you. Let me help you better how to understand these thoughts, and feelings and drop the struggle against them. I can help you better understand how you can change behaviors and live a better life, even with these thoughts and feelings.
(808) 378-7751 View (808) 378-7751
Photo of Katy Brandenburg, Mental Health Counselor in Kula, HI
Katy Brandenburg
Mental Health Counselor, LMHC, MCOUN
Verified Verified
Kula, HI 96790
Currently accepting new clients! My approach is a down-to-earth combination of the practical and the spiritual. If anxiety, depression, ingrained habits, body image/food issues, or low self-worth are preventing you from having the kind of life you yearn for, that is where I can be of service. Left unprocessed, our early life experiences, traumas, and core beliefs about self & others can hold us back from living our full freedom and potential. I see myself as a guide, holding safe space to help you navigate the questions/challenges and learn to trust your inner wisdom.
Currently accepting new clients! My approach is a down-to-earth combination of the practical and the spiritual. If anxiety, depression, ingrained habits, body image/food issues, or low self-worth are preventing you from having the kind of life you yearn for, that is where I can be of service. Left unprocessed, our early life experiences, traumas, and core beliefs about self & others can hold us back from living our full freedom and potential. I see myself as a guide, holding safe space to help you navigate the questions/challenges and learn to trust your inner wisdom.
(808) 215-5902 View (808) 215-5902
Photo of Illuminate Wellness in Kula, HI
Illuminate Wellness
PhD, IFMCP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Kula, HI 96790
Are you ready to heal the root level? The team at Illuminate Wellness provides an integrative approach to healing with evidence-based treatment modalities that encourage self-nurturing, self-reliance, and finding the delicate balance between acceptance and change. Sometimes we all need a bit of extra support. Let us help you heal in an open, non-judgmental, and safe space created just for you to find peace, wellness, and balance.
Are you ready to heal the root level? The team at Illuminate Wellness provides an integrative approach to healing with evidence-based treatment modalities that encourage self-nurturing, self-reliance, and finding the delicate balance between acceptance and change. Sometimes we all need a bit of extra support. Let us help you heal in an open, non-judgmental, and safe space created just for you to find peace, wellness, and balance.
(808) 793-5351 View (808) 793-5351
Photo of Rosie Barton, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Kula, HI
Rosie Barton
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Kula, HI 96790
I specialize in treating eating disorders, but I have years of experience working with a diverse array of concerns, including trauma, depression, and anxiety. We all developed ways to survive painful situations and emotions. But when you have an eating disorder, the survival mechanism becomes the very thing that robs you of the fullness of life. In order to heal, you need to journey into the heart of yourself and greet the fear, discomfort, and pain. This takes courage, and a lot of support. As a therapist, I get in the weeds with you and stand beside you as you take on this most important journey towards recovery.
I specialize in treating eating disorders, but I have years of experience working with a diverse array of concerns, including trauma, depression, and anxiety. We all developed ways to survive painful situations and emotions. But when you have an eating disorder, the survival mechanism becomes the very thing that robs you of the fullness of life. In order to heal, you need to journey into the heart of yourself and greet the fear, discomfort, and pain. This takes courage, and a lot of support. As a therapist, I get in the weeds with you and stand beside you as you take on this most important journey towards recovery.
(808) 431-3634 View (808) 431-3634
Photo of Mary H Dodd, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Kula, HI
Mary H Dodd
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Kula, HI 96790
Not accepting new clients
With over 40 years of experience, I am a good match for many types of clients. However, I’m especially helpful to those experiencing life transitions that are difficult and who are open to adding a counselor to their team. My areas of expertise are : Aging, Parenting issues, Mental/Emotional Health Concerns, Relationship challenges/Couples Counseling and processing Grief and Loss from disease, moving, animal loss or sudden death.
With over 40 years of experience, I am a good match for many types of clients. However, I’m especially helpful to those experiencing life transitions that are difficult and who are open to adding a counselor to their team. My areas of expertise are : Aging, Parenting issues, Mental/Emotional Health Concerns, Relationship challenges/Couples Counseling and processing Grief and Loss from disease, moving, animal loss or sudden death.
(808) 731-1172 View (808) 731-1172

See more therapy options for Kula

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Kula, HI

20+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in Kula, HI who prioritize treating:

96% Depression
96% Anxiety
84% Relationship Issues
84% Trauma and PTSD
80% Grief
72% Stress
68% Self Esteem

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

94% Hawaii Medical Services Association
67% University Health Alliance
61% BlueCross and BlueShield

How Therapists in Kula, HI see their clients

60% In Person and Online
40% Online Only

Gender breakdown

78% Female
22% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Kula?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.