Therapists in Kapaa, HI

Photo of Michele Bradley, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Kapaa, HI
Michele Bradley
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Kapaa, HI 96746  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
My belief is therapy represents a real opportunity to better understand ourselves, our choices and essentially improve our quality of life. In working together, we will explore life’s challenges, celebrate its joys and process the experiences in between. I practice focusing on the client’s strengths and collaborate in creating an individualized approach to address the client’s unique needs. I’m dedicated to assisting individuals develop and maintain fulfilling lives, healthy relationships and understanding the healing strengths of the therapeutic relationship.
My belief is therapy represents a real opportunity to better understand ourselves, our choices and essentially improve our quality of life. In working together, we will explore life’s challenges, celebrate its joys and process the experiences in between. I practice focusing on the client’s strengths and collaborate in creating an individualized approach to address the client’s unique needs. I’m dedicated to assisting individuals develop and maintain fulfilling lives, healthy relationships and understanding the healing strengths of the therapeutic relationship.
(808) 374-9787 x501 View (808) 374-9787 x501
Photo of Dennis Mendonca, Marriage & Family Therapist in Kapaa, HI
Dennis Mendonca
Marriage & Family Therapist, MFT
Verified
Kapaa, HI 96746
Aloha, I have worked with people for over 25 years including 10 years in in-patient hospitals, Child Protective Services, school-based services and for 8 years now have directed a program for men who are abusive in their relationships. I have been in private practice for three years specializing in couples and individual work with adults. In addition to my work experience and education my style of working with people is informed by my own personal time in therapy and 25 years as a meditator. I combine clear listening, gentle support and fierce accountability with each client I see.
Aloha, I have worked with people for over 25 years including 10 years in in-patient hospitals, Child Protective Services, school-based services and for 8 years now have directed a program for men who are abusive in their relationships. I have been in private practice for three years specializing in couples and individual work with adults. In addition to my work experience and education my style of working with people is informed by my own personal time in therapy and 25 years as a meditator. I combine clear listening, gentle support and fierce accountability with each client I see.
(808) 784-7966 View (808) 784-7966
Photo of Megan Smith, Counselor in Kapaa, HI
Megan Smith
Counselor, LMHC
Verified
Kapaa, HI 96746
Waitlist for new clients
Sometimes life's every day challenges and our underlying struggles make it difficult to realize our true potential. Motivated by grief, depression, suicidal thoughts, anxiety, and a range of other experiential states we can find our deepest well of inner strength and guidance. There is support available for anyone wanting to engage in a collaborative relationship to enhance your well-being and quality of life.
Sometimes life's every day challenges and our underlying struggles make it difficult to realize our true potential. Motivated by grief, depression, suicidal thoughts, anxiety, and a range of other experiential states we can find our deepest well of inner strength and guidance. There is support available for anyone wanting to engage in a collaborative relationship to enhance your well-being and quality of life.
(808) 278-9446 View (808) 278-9446
Photo of Dr. Steve, Psychologist in Kapaa, HI
Dr. Steve
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
Kapaa, HI 96746
Aloha :) Currently accepting new Kaiser Permanente and HMSA clients. I welcome individuals of all backgrounds and life experiences into this shared work. I provide professional therapeutic services to couples, families, individual adults, adolescents, and children addressing a range of clinical issues. I honor wherever you are on your journey and believe in cultivating space, and curiosity as we navigate this path together. I believe that understanding and compassion are vital for building trust, mutual respect, and openness, all of which are essential in forming a therapeutic relationship that can encourage change. ​
Aloha :) Currently accepting new Kaiser Permanente and HMSA clients. I welcome individuals of all backgrounds and life experiences into this shared work. I provide professional therapeutic services to couples, families, individual adults, adolescents, and children addressing a range of clinical issues. I honor wherever you are on your journey and believe in cultivating space, and curiosity as we navigate this path together. I believe that understanding and compassion are vital for building trust, mutual respect, and openness, all of which are essential in forming a therapeutic relationship that can encourage change. ​
(808) 707-7839 View (808) 707-7839
Photo of Joan Levy, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Kapaa, HI
Joan Levy
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Kapaa, HI 96746
Psychotherapy that works for individuals and couples ready for change. Breakthrough short term (2-6 sessions) and on-going (for people who live on Kauai) transformational work from a licensed psychotherapist with 43 years experience. With clarity, compassion, breathwork, & expert mindbody skill, I will help you identify & release emotions, body armoring, & inappropriate patterns of consciousness that deny you your vitality & wholeness. Couples learn to identify and change how their early conditioning and automatic defenses sabotage healthy, loving relating.
Psychotherapy that works for individuals and couples ready for change. Breakthrough short term (2-6 sessions) and on-going (for people who live on Kauai) transformational work from a licensed psychotherapist with 43 years experience. With clarity, compassion, breathwork, & expert mindbody skill, I will help you identify & release emotions, body armoring, & inappropriate patterns of consciousness that deny you your vitality & wholeness. Couples learn to identify and change how their early conditioning and automatic defenses sabotage healthy, loving relating.
(808) 646-7270 View (808) 646-7270
Photo of Kimya Sadaghiani, Pre-Licensed Professional in Kapaa, HI
Kimya Sadaghiani
Pre-Licensed Professional
Verified
1 Endorsed
Kapaa, HI 96746
Many of us find ourselves feeling like we are broken and unlovable, like there is something innately wrong with us. If you are feeling this way, I would like to support you in coming back to your inner guidance. You are the expert of your life, and I am committed to gently guiding you back to wellness and wholeness.
Many of us find ourselves feeling like we are broken and unlovable, like there is something innately wrong with us. If you are feeling this way, I would like to support you in coming back to your inner guidance. You are the expert of your life, and I am committed to gently guiding you back to wellness and wholeness.
(808) 720-2179 View (808) 720-2179
Photo of Stefanie Strong, Marriage & Family Therapist in Kapaa, HI
Stefanie Strong
Marriage & Family Therapist, PhD, LSUDC, LMFT
Verified
Kapaa, HI 96746  (Online Only)
Few things in life are as hard as asking for help. This is especially true if you aren't quite sure what to ask for or how to ask. As a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist, I believe that the problems we face are influenced not only by what is happening with us, but also within our relationships with others. Our connections and relationships are important to us and our individual mental and emotional health. So whether I am working with just one person, a couple, or a family, it is not about taking sides, villainizing, victimizing, or blaming. It is about healing, empowering, and recovery.
Few things in life are as hard as asking for help. This is especially true if you aren't quite sure what to ask for or how to ask. As a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist, I believe that the problems we face are influenced not only by what is happening with us, but also within our relationships with others. Our connections and relationships are important to us and our individual mental and emotional health. So whether I am working with just one person, a couple, or a family, it is not about taking sides, villainizing, victimizing, or blaming. It is about healing, empowering, and recovery.
(435) 244-2088 View (435) 244-2088
Photo of Blair Smith Keener, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Kapaa, HI
Blair Smith Keener
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Kapaa, HI 96746  (Online Only)
If you are dealing with high levels of anxiety or depression, or feeling overwhelmed by parenting, I'm glad you are reaching out for help. I specialize in supporting people through the huge changes and unwished for surprises of fertility, pregnancy, postpartum, and parenting -- helping you bring more calm, confidence, and connection to your parenting journey. Whether you are surprised by your anxious thoughts postpartum, in the midst of NICU parenting, struggling to not 'lose your cool' with your toddler, or don't know what to do about an unexpected pregnancy -- you don't have to face it alone.
If you are dealing with high levels of anxiety or depression, or feeling overwhelmed by parenting, I'm glad you are reaching out for help. I specialize in supporting people through the huge changes and unwished for surprises of fertility, pregnancy, postpartum, and parenting -- helping you bring more calm, confidence, and connection to your parenting journey. Whether you are surprised by your anxious thoughts postpartum, in the midst of NICU parenting, struggling to not 'lose your cool' with your toddler, or don't know what to do about an unexpected pregnancy -- you don't have to face it alone.
(808) 431-3537 View (808) 431-3537
Photo of T Moses Counseling Services, LLC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Kapaa, HI
T Moses Counseling Services, LLC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Verified
Kapaa, HI 96746
Do you feel like you're surviving life but not yet thriving? Are you having difficulty making goals and reaching them? Are you feeling overwhelmed by life and what the future holds? I think that the one thing we can all universally agree on is that adulting is hard! However, we can work together to navigate this thing called life and kick its butt as a team! My goal is to create an empathetic, supportive and nurturing environment that allows you the freedom to be your best self.
Do you feel like you're surviving life but not yet thriving? Are you having difficulty making goals and reaching them? Are you feeling overwhelmed by life and what the future holds? I think that the one thing we can all universally agree on is that adulting is hard! However, we can work together to navigate this thing called life and kick its butt as a team! My goal is to create an empathetic, supportive and nurturing environment that allows you the freedom to be your best self.
(808) 731-2481 View (808) 731-2481
Photo of Catherine Long, Marriage & Family Therapist in Kapaa, HI
Catherine Long
Marriage & Family Therapist, EdD, LMFT, CSAC, ICADC
Verified
Kapaa, HI 96746
We were brought into this world to have relationships and sometimes conflicts surface where we are unsure of how to respond or manage these situations. We all need support and a hand to guide us to healthier and more successful, peaceful experiences with ourselves, our family members, in our marriage or with our partner, and/or children.
We were brought into this world to have relationships and sometimes conflicts surface where we are unsure of how to respond or manage these situations. We all need support and a hand to guide us to healthier and more successful, peaceful experiences with ourselves, our family members, in our marriage or with our partner, and/or children.
(808) 419-7258 View (808) 419-7258
Photo of Madeline Jorges, Pre-Licensed Professional in Kapaa, HI
Madeline Jorges
Pre-Licensed Professional, CRC
Verified
Kapaa, HI 96746  (Online Only)
Getting to know yourself is the first step in getting to love yourself. Let's embark on your journey towards a joy filled life together! My name is Madeline Jorges, and I recently relocated to Kauai in July 2022. Since then, I have been fortunate enough to experience the peace and happiness this island and state offers. I have worked as a Career Counselor for 5 years, helping clients like yourself develop and reach their goals. My mission is to create a safe and supportive environment where you can explore your desires and aspirations, and together, we can devise a roadmap to manifest that desired life.
Getting to know yourself is the first step in getting to love yourself. Let's embark on your journey towards a joy filled life together! My name is Madeline Jorges, and I recently relocated to Kauai in July 2022. Since then, I have been fortunate enough to experience the peace and happiness this island and state offers. I have worked as a Career Counselor for 5 years, helping clients like yourself develop and reach their goals. My mission is to create a safe and supportive environment where you can explore your desires and aspirations, and together, we can devise a roadmap to manifest that desired life.
(808) 736-5934 View (808) 736-5934
Photo of Chanella Asuncion, Pre-Licensed Professional in Kapaa, HI
Chanella Asuncion
Pre-Licensed Professional, MSW
Verified
Kapaa, HI 96746
Aloha! I’m Chanella Asuncion, born and raised on the beautiful island of Kauai. I have worked with Kauai’s families for 15 years and have a wide range of experience working with parenting challenges, domestic violence, early childhood education and mental health crisis intervention. I attended the University of Hawaii at Manoa obtaining my master’s in social work with a focus in behavioral mental health. I focus working with youth, teens, and adults who may encounter obstacles and challenges in life.
Aloha! I’m Chanella Asuncion, born and raised on the beautiful island of Kauai. I have worked with Kauai’s families for 15 years and have a wide range of experience working with parenting challenges, domestic violence, early childhood education and mental health crisis intervention. I attended the University of Hawaii at Manoa obtaining my master’s in social work with a focus in behavioral mental health. I focus working with youth, teens, and adults who may encounter obstacles and challenges in life.
(808) 278-9693 View (808) 278-9693
Photo of Hannah D Finazzo-Krueger, Counselor in Kapaa, HI
Hannah D Finazzo-Krueger
Counselor, LMHC
Verified
Kapaa, HI 96746  (Online Only)
I love connecting with others by helping to identify and work towards meaningful authentic change. I have experience working with a range of clientele; from individuals adjusting to transitions, families trying to reconnect after trauma or tragedy, to people wanting to stop or start a behavior/habit/pattern. I regularly work with people across the full gender spectrum, as well as teens and adolescents.
I love connecting with others by helping to identify and work towards meaningful authentic change. I have experience working with a range of clientele; from individuals adjusting to transitions, families trying to reconnect after trauma or tragedy, to people wanting to stop or start a behavior/habit/pattern. I regularly work with people across the full gender spectrum, as well as teens and adolescents.
(808) 855-6958 View (808) 855-6958
Photo of Lynn Pizzitola, Marriage & Family Therapist in Kapaa, HI
Lynn Pizzitola
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, MA, AAMFT
Verified
Kapaa, HI 96746  (Online Only)
If you're having difficulty with relationships, parenting or a life transition...if you're feeling anxious, depressed, or stressed...or if you are just not as happy or fulfilled as you would like to be, you can take more control of your daily experience. If you are ready to explore more hopeful possibilities for your future, you could benefit from giving me a call. My work is multifaceted, with its roots in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. How we feel and what we do are primarily determined by our thoughts about the events in our lives.
If you're having difficulty with relationships, parenting or a life transition...if you're feeling anxious, depressed, or stressed...or if you are just not as happy or fulfilled as you would like to be, you can take more control of your daily experience. If you are ready to explore more hopeful possibilities for your future, you could benefit from giving me a call. My work is multifaceted, with its roots in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. How we feel and what we do are primarily determined by our thoughts about the events in our lives.
(808) 419-7313 View (808) 419-7313
Photo of Jennifer Stevens, Marriage & Family Therapist in Kapaa, HI
Jennifer Stevens
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, MFT
Verified
Kapaa, HI 96746
Waitlist for new clients
Aloha, I value the diversity of healthy relationships and recognize their importance in both individual and family life cycle development. I also understand how painful conflicted relationships in the here and now or from the past can be. I integrate traditional and contemporary psychotherapy to assist adults, children, couples and families in addressing the challenges they face. Using a strength-based framework, I work compassionately with clients to find individualized solutions to life's most personal and difficult problems.
Aloha, I value the diversity of healthy relationships and recognize their importance in both individual and family life cycle development. I also understand how painful conflicted relationships in the here and now or from the past can be. I integrate traditional and contemporary psychotherapy to assist adults, children, couples and families in addressing the challenges they face. Using a strength-based framework, I work compassionately with clients to find individualized solutions to life's most personal and difficult problems.
(808) 378-7992 View (808) 378-7992
Photo of Simon Casey, Drug & Alcohol Counselor in Kapaa, HI
Simon Casey
Drug & Alcohol Counselor, PhD, LADC, MAC
Kapaa, HI 96746
Are you at your Wit's end? If you or someone you love suffering from addictions, self harm, eating disorders, chronic anxiety /depression and looking for clear, concise answers, let's talk. Stop the struggle and suffering and get the help you need. Discover the benefits of solution oriented counseling and receive the much needed tools to finally get out of chaos and self destruction. I have helped thousands of clients to turn their lives around, lets talk about your options to put your life back in balance.
Are you at your Wit's end? If you or someone you love suffering from addictions, self harm, eating disorders, chronic anxiety /depression and looking for clear, concise answers, let's talk. Stop the struggle and suffering and get the help you need. Discover the benefits of solution oriented counseling and receive the much needed tools to finally get out of chaos and self destruction. I have helped thousands of clients to turn their lives around, lets talk about your options to put your life back in balance.
(714) 831-5638 View (714) 831-5638
Photo of Brittni Brooks, Marriage & Family Therapist in Kapaa, HI
Brittni Brooks
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, EMDR, KAP, CBT-i
Verified
1 Endorsed
Kapaa, HI 96746
Do you struggle with intrusive thoughts, distressing memories, and anxiety? EMDR therapy helps to effectively process trauma and allows you to live you life with more ease and regulation. I work with adults and teens to relieve symptoms of PTSD, OCD, addiction, and insomnia. If you have tried talk therapy but still struggle, I welcome you to try EMDR. I utilize ego-state parts work and Ketamine Assisted Psychotherapy as needed. Throughout the healing process, you will notice increased self-trust and a natural release of old coping strategies. You deserve to live life fully, free from the distraction and pain of old wounds.
Do you struggle with intrusive thoughts, distressing memories, and anxiety? EMDR therapy helps to effectively process trauma and allows you to live you life with more ease and regulation. I work with adults and teens to relieve symptoms of PTSD, OCD, addiction, and insomnia. If you have tried talk therapy but still struggle, I welcome you to try EMDR. I utilize ego-state parts work and Ketamine Assisted Psychotherapy as needed. Throughout the healing process, you will notice increased self-trust and a natural release of old coping strategies. You deserve to live life fully, free from the distraction and pain of old wounds.
(303) 997-1602 View (303) 997-1602
Photo of Mariana Ferrari-Elzaurdia, Marriage & Family Therapist in Kapaa, HI
Mariana Ferrari-Elzaurdia
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, MFT
Verified
Kapaa, HI 96746
Most of us experience times when we need help to deal with problems and issues that cause us emotional distress. If you are having a problem or dilemma that is making you feel overwhelmed, you may benefit from the assistance of an experienced, trained professional. Mental health professionals offer the caring and expert assistance that people need during stressful times. As a Marriage and Family Therapist the focus of my work is to understand my clients' symptoms and interaction patterns within their existing environment. I am trained to work with people focusing on how they relate to others.
Most of us experience times when we need help to deal with problems and issues that cause us emotional distress. If you are having a problem or dilemma that is making you feel overwhelmed, you may benefit from the assistance of an experienced, trained professional. Mental health professionals offer the caring and expert assistance that people need during stressful times. As a Marriage and Family Therapist the focus of my work is to understand my clients' symptoms and interaction patterns within their existing environment. I am trained to work with people focusing on how they relate to others.
(808) 639-0963 View (808) 639-0963
Photo of Donna Charron, Marriage & Family Therapist in Kapaa, HI
Donna Charron
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, MFT
Verified
Kapaa, HI 96746
As a marriage and family therapist I work with individuals, couples, children and families helping them handle the stressors of life. What is it that keeps you awake: poor relationships, anxiety, depression? Do you need help with parenting skills? Perhaps you want to change some behavior that no longer works. Are you a returning military personnel, or family member, needing help dealing with the symptoms of PTSD?
As a marriage and family therapist I work with individuals, couples, children and families helping them handle the stressors of life. What is it that keeps you awake: poor relationships, anxiety, depression? Do you need help with parenting skills? Perhaps you want to change some behavior that no longer works. Are you a returning military personnel, or family member, needing help dealing with the symptoms of PTSD?
(855) 338-9176 View (855) 338-9176
Photo of Anonui Health & Wellness Hawaii LLC, Pre-Licensed Professional in Kapaa, HI
Anonui Health & Wellness Hawaii LLC
Pre-Licensed Professional, MFT, CSAC
Verified
Kapaa, HI 96746
Aloha Ka Kou, My name is Monique Pualani Anuenue Gomes and I would be honored to provide you with "Culturally Sensitive" therapeutic services. Please allow me to lend my Kokua (help) and walk with you through this therapeutic journey. Being Native Hawaiian born & raised on Oahu island, have experience working with Hawaii's Unique Multicultural population. According to a recent study by Krogstad (2015) Hawaii is home to the Nation's Largest Multiracial American population. This means, 1 out of 4 individuals (24%) identify with multiracial or multicultural ancestry. Therefore, to provide "culturally sensitive" therapeutic services, is to, provide "competent" therapeutic services.
Aloha Ka Kou, My name is Monique Pualani Anuenue Gomes and I would be honored to provide you with "Culturally Sensitive" therapeutic services. Please allow me to lend my Kokua (help) and walk with you through this therapeutic journey. Being Native Hawaiian born & raised on Oahu island, have experience working with Hawaii's Unique Multicultural population. According to a recent study by Krogstad (2015) Hawaii is home to the Nation's Largest Multiracial American population. This means, 1 out of 4 individuals (24%) identify with multiracial or multicultural ancestry. Therefore, to provide "culturally sensitive" therapeutic services, is to, provide "competent" therapeutic services.
(808) 400-7247 View (808) 400-7247

See more therapy options for Kapaa

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Kapaa, HI

30+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in Kapaa, HI who prioritize treating:

97% Anxiety
88% Depression
79% Relationship Issues
79% Trauma and PTSD
76% Self Esteem
68% Stress
62% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

13 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

96% Hawaii Medical Services Association
58% Hawaii Medical Assurance Association
54% BlueCross and BlueShield

How Therapists in Kapaa, HI see their clients

68% In Person and Online
32% Online Only

Gender breakdown

85% Female
12% Male
3% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Kapaa?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.