Therapists in McCaysville, GA

Photo of Ashley Blomeley, Marriage & Family Therapist in McCaysville, GA
Ashley Blomeley
Marriage & Family Therapist, MBA, LMFT
Verified Verified
McCaysville, GA 30555
Not accepting new clients
In a world full of people, you may be feeling alone, misunderstood, or not truly seen by those around you. This can happen when we are disconnected with those we love or when we are going through difficult things. We weren't meant to traverse this world alone, and developing meaningful relationships with those around us is important to our overall health and wellbeing. If you struggle in relationship with yourself or others and would like to learn how to improve overall self-esteem, healthy boundaries, relationships with family and friends, then you are at the right place.
In a world full of people, you may be feeling alone, misunderstood, or not truly seen by those around you. This can happen when we are disconnected with those we love or when we are going through difficult things. We weren't meant to traverse this world alone, and developing meaningful relationships with those around us is important to our overall health and wellbeing. If you struggle in relationship with yourself or others and would like to learn how to improve overall self-esteem, healthy boundaries, relationships with family and friends, then you are at the right place.
(762) 240-4954 View (762) 240-4954
Photo of Beverly J Matthews, Licensed Professional Counselor in McCaysville, GA
Beverly J Matthews
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC, NCC, CPCS
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
McCaysville, GA 30555
For more than 27 years I've been helping men and women experience more clarity, feel empowered, and overcome their feelings of depression and anxiety. Whether you are struggling with past trauma, relationship issues, problems with work, or feel stuck in any area, I will support you in creating the kind of life you want. Together we will explore the negative beliefs, emotions and behaviors that have held you back and clear the emotional charge associated with them, so that you can begin to accept and love yourself and make healthy and life-enhancing choices moving forward. Trauma is my specialty.
For more than 27 years I've been helping men and women experience more clarity, feel empowered, and overcome their feelings of depression and anxiety. Whether you are struggling with past trauma, relationship issues, problems with work, or feel stuck in any area, I will support you in creating the kind of life you want. Together we will explore the negative beliefs, emotions and behaviors that have held you back and clear the emotional charge associated with them, so that you can begin to accept and love yourself and make healthy and life-enhancing choices moving forward. Trauma is my specialty.
(678) 383-0375 View (678) 383-0375
Photo of Pat Stogner, Marriage & Family Therapist in McCaysville, GA
Pat Stogner
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
McCaysville, GA 30555
My intention in working with you is to help you change unwanted behavior patterns. These patterns are frequently based on negative conclusions we may have drawn about ourselves in the past. I typically use a blend of traditional talk therapy combined with experiential approaches such as Brainspotting,, hypnotherapy, breathwork, psychodrama, and meditation. In this way we are able to re-introduce you to your strengths as well as take the healing to a deeper level. I consider it a privilege to do this work and I honor you for undertaking the challenge of personal growth.
My intention in working with you is to help you change unwanted behavior patterns. These patterns are frequently based on negative conclusions we may have drawn about ourselves in the past. I typically use a blend of traditional talk therapy combined with experiential approaches such as Brainspotting,, hypnotherapy, breathwork, psychodrama, and meditation. In this way we are able to re-introduce you to your strengths as well as take the healing to a deeper level. I consider it a privilege to do this work and I honor you for undertaking the challenge of personal growth.
(678) 671-7267 View (678) 671-7267

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Kyle David Raque, Psychologist in McCaysville, GA
Kyle David Raque
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Blue Ridge, GA 30513
Most people suffer from some form of emotional or mental health issue at some point in their lives. We all have unique vulnerabilities that may be expressed during times of stress in the form of depressive symptoms, anxiety, behavioral issues, or even more serious symptoms. You are not alone, and you have taken the first huge step towards feeling better. If you would like to learn how to harness your own resilience, learn tools to cope, and truly feel understood, speaking with a quality therapist will help you to heal and reach your potential.
Most people suffer from some form of emotional or mental health issue at some point in their lives. We all have unique vulnerabilities that may be expressed during times of stress in the form of depressive symptoms, anxiety, behavioral issues, or even more serious symptoms. You are not alone, and you have taken the first huge step towards feeling better. If you would like to learn how to harness your own resilience, learn tools to cope, and truly feel understood, speaking with a quality therapist will help you to heal and reach your potential.
(762) 204-3445 View (762) 204-3445
Photo of SkyeHelps Counseling & Wellness - Bryce, Counselor in McCaysville, GA
SkyeHelps Counseling & Wellness - Bryce
Counselor, MS, LAPC, EMDR, IFS
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Blue Ridge, GA 30513
I am a holistic and integrative counselor who is passionate about healing from the inside out. I believe when we can turn towards our inner experience, we find there the capacity, courage, and wisdom to deeply heal. When we can heal the parts of us carrying burdens, limiting beliefs, and trauma energy, it gives us the ability to fully step into our authentic selves and who we are meant to be. Sometimes we can't do this on our own and need someone to guide us and be a witness to our experience. My goal is to come alongside others as they do the hard work of healing and being in this world.
I am a holistic and integrative counselor who is passionate about healing from the inside out. I believe when we can turn towards our inner experience, we find there the capacity, courage, and wisdom to deeply heal. When we can heal the parts of us carrying burdens, limiting beliefs, and trauma energy, it gives us the ability to fully step into our authentic selves and who we are meant to be. Sometimes we can't do this on our own and need someone to guide us and be a witness to our experience. My goal is to come alongside others as they do the hard work of healing and being in this world.
(706) 707-5325 View (706) 707-5325
Photo of Karri Lynn Buchanan ~ Concierge Therapist~, Licensed Professional Counselor in McCaysville, GA
Karri Lynn Buchanan ~ Concierge Therapist~
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Mineral Bluff, GA 30559
Welcome to Medallion Therapy, where healing and innovation meet through the convenience of Telehealth services. "A failure is not a mistake, it may simply be the best one can do under the circumstances. The real mistake is to stop trying." This poignant reflection from B.F. Skinner resonates deeply with those grappling with addiction—a challenge that is often misperceived as a string of personal failures rather than the medical condition it truly is. Addiction's complexity can confuse even those closest to us—family and friends who watch helplessly, misconstruing the situation due to its intricate and inconsistent nature.
Welcome to Medallion Therapy, where healing and innovation meet through the convenience of Telehealth services. "A failure is not a mistake, it may simply be the best one can do under the circumstances. The real mistake is to stop trying." This poignant reflection from B.F. Skinner resonates deeply with those grappling with addiction—a challenge that is often misperceived as a string of personal failures rather than the medical condition it truly is. Addiction's complexity can confuse even those closest to us—family and friends who watch helplessly, misconstruing the situation due to its intricate and inconsistent nature.
(678) 374-4047 View (678) 374-4047
Photo of Trish Monahan, Licensed Professional Counselor in McCaysville, GA
Trish Monahan
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, BC-TMH
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Blue Ridge, GA 30513
As a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) in Georgia and a board-certified Telemental Health Counselor (BC-TMH), I am qualified to provide remote counseling services in the state of GA and Florida. I am here to assist you in rediscovering motivation and resilience. Together, we will explore strategies to release the barriers holding you back and embrace a healthier way of navigating life's challenges. My approach focuses on empowering you with the necessary tools to overcome obstacles and transition towards personal growth. My ultimate goal is to meet you where you are and guide you towards the direction and path you desire.
As a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) in Georgia and a board-certified Telemental Health Counselor (BC-TMH), I am qualified to provide remote counseling services in the state of GA and Florida. I am here to assist you in rediscovering motivation and resilience. Together, we will explore strategies to release the barriers holding you back and embrace a healthier way of navigating life's challenges. My approach focuses on empowering you with the necessary tools to overcome obstacles and transition towards personal growth. My ultimate goal is to meet you where you are and guide you towards the direction and path you desire.
(770) 954-8293 View (770) 954-8293
Photo of Tina Jones, Counselor in McCaysville, GA
Tina Jones
Counselor, LPC, MMFT, MHC, NCC
Verified Verified
Blue Ridge, GA 30513
Divorce and family issues are hard to deal with, so I provide therapy to help through hard times. I work with parents and grandparents who are suffering due to alienation and post traumatic stress. I also assist in high-conflict divorce cases where parental alienation exists meeting with the children and adults involved. My experience includes educational counseling experience, as well as life experience. Helping parents and children get through many life changes such as divorce and re-adjustments can be assisted with therapy by giving them tools to cope.
Divorce and family issues are hard to deal with, so I provide therapy to help through hard times. I work with parents and grandparents who are suffering due to alienation and post traumatic stress. I also assist in high-conflict divorce cases where parental alienation exists meeting with the children and adults involved. My experience includes educational counseling experience, as well as life experience. Helping parents and children get through many life changes such as divorce and re-adjustments can be assisted with therapy by giving them tools to cope.
(678) 635-9659 View (678) 635-9659
Photo of H. Bret Smith, Licensed Professional Counselor in McCaysville, GA
H. Bret Smith
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Mineral Bluff, GA 30559  (Online Only)
I've always had a positive attitude for life and even through the trauma of near-death experiences to the joy of watching my children marry, I realize that tomorrow is a new day. I feel the same when working with clients. I enjoy being able to use my skills to help people move from hopelessness to hope and despair to self-confidence.
I've always had a positive attitude for life and even through the trauma of near-death experiences to the joy of watching my children marry, I realize that tomorrow is a new day. I feel the same when working with clients. I enjoy being able to use my skills to help people move from hopelessness to hope and despair to self-confidence.
(706) 203-4689 View (706) 203-4689
Photo of Lindsey Radabaugh, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in McCaysville, GA
Lindsey Radabaugh
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Blue Ridge, GA 30513
Are you tired of tossing and turning at night only to wake up feeling overwhelmed and stressed about the day ahead? Do you feel like things are falling apart and you don’t know how to put "life" back together again? I invite you to join me on a journey to take control of your life & to rediscover balance and peace. I am a clinical social worker with over 15 years of experience in the mental health field. I focus on helping adolescents & adults with an array of needs including unresolved trauma, anxiety disorders, depression, life transitions, grief & loss, relationship problems, health problems, parenting issues and more.
Are you tired of tossing and turning at night only to wake up feeling overwhelmed and stressed about the day ahead? Do you feel like things are falling apart and you don’t know how to put "life" back together again? I invite you to join me on a journey to take control of your life & to rediscover balance and peace. I am a clinical social worker with over 15 years of experience in the mental health field. I focus on helping adolescents & adults with an array of needs including unresolved trauma, anxiety disorders, depression, life transitions, grief & loss, relationship problems, health problems, parenting issues and more.
(706) 383-9989 View (706) 383-9989
Photo of ~Concierge Trauma Therapist~ Karri Lynn Buchanan, Licensed Professional Counselor in McCaysville, GA
~Concierge Trauma Therapist~ Karri Lynn Buchanan
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Mineral Bluff, GA 30559
Medallion offers a compassionate and specialized array of services tailored for individuals coping with trauma, substance use, family conflict, and complex interpersonal relationships. We are committed to serving the LGBTQIA+ community, with particular attentiveness to the needs of trans-identified clients. Our comprehensive care includes gender psycho-social assessments, hormone replacement therapy (HRT) coordination, and documentation assistance for gender re-assignment procedures. We believe that building upon an individual's inherent strengths is pivotal in fostering change and promoting healing.
Medallion offers a compassionate and specialized array of services tailored for individuals coping with trauma, substance use, family conflict, and complex interpersonal relationships. We are committed to serving the LGBTQIA+ community, with particular attentiveness to the needs of trans-identified clients. Our comprehensive care includes gender psycho-social assessments, hormone replacement therapy (HRT) coordination, and documentation assistance for gender re-assignment procedures. We believe that building upon an individual's inherent strengths is pivotal in fostering change and promoting healing.
(706) 350-6439 View (706) 350-6439
Photo of Elizabeth H Earhart, Licensed Professional Counselor in McCaysville, GA
Elizabeth H Earhart
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC, MA, CCC, SLP
Verified Verified
Blue Ridge, GA 30513
I believe you are the expert in your life. I will work as a guide to help you utilize your strengths so you can experience your current interpersonal/relationship challenges with an emphasis on growth, meaning, and purpose.
I believe you are the expert in your life. I will work as a guide to help you utilize your strengths so you can experience your current interpersonal/relationship challenges with an emphasis on growth, meaning, and purpose.
(404) 689-2343 View (404) 689-2343
Photo of Liza Sanderson, Counselor in McCaysville, GA
Liza Sanderson
Counselor, PsyD, CMHC, NCSP, NCC, LPC
Verified Verified
Blue Ridge, GA 30513  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
As a mental health counselor, it has always been my privilege to work alongside clients. I believe in the power of the therapeutic relationship and the connection that derives our humanity. Each individual has such a personal experience in which their life has been based. I believe in meeting clients where they are at, working toward personal goals, tailoring interventions to meet these needs, and challenging individuals to make changes that ultimately lead to the development of a life in which they feel they can thrive.
As a mental health counselor, it has always been my privilege to work alongside clients. I believe in the power of the therapeutic relationship and the connection that derives our humanity. Each individual has such a personal experience in which their life has been based. I believe in meeting clients where they are at, working toward personal goals, tailoring interventions to meet these needs, and challenging individuals to make changes that ultimately lead to the development of a life in which they feel they can thrive.
(801) 666-2524 View (801) 666-2524
Photo of Travis Sanderson, Licensed Professional Counselor in McCaysville, GA
Travis Sanderson
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, CMHC, NCC
Verified Verified
Blue Ridge, GA 30513  (Online Only)
Travis believes in a healthy therapeutic relationship built on trust to help individuals and families achieve their goals. He has specialization in clinical psychology, children and adolescents, substance, Couples and Families, Depression and Anxiety, Behavioral issues, Addiction, trauma, outdoor recreation, and mental health counseling. As a mental health counselor, it has always been my privilege to work alongside clients on their personal journeys. Each individual has such a personal experience in which their life has been based. I believe in meeting clients where they are at, working toward personal goals, and ultimately developing a life in which they feel they can thrive.
Travis believes in a healthy therapeutic relationship built on trust to help individuals and families achieve their goals. He has specialization in clinical psychology, children and adolescents, substance, Couples and Families, Depression and Anxiety, Behavioral issues, Addiction, trauma, outdoor recreation, and mental health counseling. As a mental health counselor, it has always been my privilege to work alongside clients on their personal journeys. Each individual has such a personal experience in which their life has been based. I believe in meeting clients where they are at, working toward personal goals, and ultimately developing a life in which they feel they can thrive.
(801) 797-3679 View (801) 797-3679
Photo of Sven's Counseling Services, Licensed Professional Counselor in McCaysville, GA
Sven's Counseling Services
Licensed Professional Counselor, EdS, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Blue Ridge, GA 30513
Waitlist for new clients
You have survived and achieved so much in your life. I have too. My work as a mental health therapist is to pass on the gifts of those kind helpers who were there for me. I believe in the healthy changes that result from interpersonal connection, the power of creative expression, honesty, and above all: hope. I would be honored to help turn your struggles into healthy coping strategies.
You have survived and achieved so much in your life. I have too. My work as a mental health therapist is to pass on the gifts of those kind helpers who were there for me. I believe in the healthy changes that result from interpersonal connection, the power of creative expression, honesty, and above all: hope. I would be honored to help turn your struggles into healthy coping strategies.
(706) 418-3552 View (706) 418-3552
Photo of Three Creeks Equine Therapy Program, Psychologist in McCaysville, GA
Three Creeks Equine Therapy Program
Psychologist, PsyD, ESMHL
Verified Verified
Mineral Bluff, GA 30559
Three Creeks Program offers traditional psychotherapy services, and equine assisted psychotherapy. In addition to individual, couples and family therapy, for those interested, we also offer equine assisted psychotherapy. Our facility is equipped with professional office spaces and a spacious barn full of our wonderful therapy animals! Our expert staff are trained to help children and adults with a variety of presenting issues, including depression, anxiety, trauma, and adjustment to life changes.
Three Creeks Program offers traditional psychotherapy services, and equine assisted psychotherapy. In addition to individual, couples and family therapy, for those interested, we also offer equine assisted psychotherapy. Our facility is equipped with professional office spaces and a spacious barn full of our wonderful therapy animals! Our expert staff are trained to help children and adults with a variety of presenting issues, including depression, anxiety, trauma, and adjustment to life changes.
(706) 873-2790 View (706) 873-2790
Photo of Alisha Clark in McCaysville, GA
Alisha Clark
LMSW
Verified Verified
Blue Ridge, GA 30513
Do you feel lost and alone without someone to talk to? Are you having uncomfortable feelings and can't figure out why?
Do you feel lost and alone without someone to talk to? Are you having uncomfortable feelings and can't figure out why?
(706) 493-7457 View (706) 493-7457
Photo of Atura Jordan, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in McCaysville, GA
Atura Jordan
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Blue Ridge, GA 30513
Waitlist for new clients
Distressing or traumatic events can leave both children and adults with long lasting images of the worst possible parts of that experience. Our mind remembers how we felt and what we believe about ourselves as a result. Our bodies often store these memories in symptoms that linger long after the event. We want the distress to go away. We want the event to be just another memory with no power over us. We want to believe something better about ourselves and our world. We want to heal.
Distressing or traumatic events can leave both children and adults with long lasting images of the worst possible parts of that experience. Our mind remembers how we felt and what we believe about ourselves as a result. Our bodies often store these memories in symptoms that linger long after the event. We want the distress to go away. We want the event to be just another memory with no power over us. We want to believe something better about ourselves and our world. We want to heal.
(706) 960-8165 View (706) 960-8165
Photo of Nancy E Chancey, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in McCaysville, GA
Nancy E Chancey
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Blue Ridge, GA 30513
I specialize in working with all types of Trauma, including physical and sexual abuse as well as veterans issues and others. I help people connect to the source of their conflict, and then find a path to help them move past it. If you are ready to stop living as just a survivor and move into living as a thriver, you've found the right place. Post Traumatic Stress Disorders and Dissociative Disorders are what I specialize in. However, I also work with depression, anxiety, self-esteem, eating disorders, anger issues, and a wide range of mental health issues.
I specialize in working with all types of Trauma, including physical and sexual abuse as well as veterans issues and others. I help people connect to the source of their conflict, and then find a path to help them move past it. If you are ready to stop living as just a survivor and move into living as a thriver, you've found the right place. Post Traumatic Stress Disorders and Dissociative Disorders are what I specialize in. However, I also work with depression, anxiety, self-esteem, eating disorders, anger issues, and a wide range of mental health issues.
(706) 449-0098 View (706) 449-0098
Photo of Kerri Ann Sanford, Licensed Professional Counselor in McCaysville, GA
Kerri Ann Sanford
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
Blue Ridge, GA 30513
Not accepting new clients
Life isn’t always easy. We all go through challenging and painful seasons that can leave you feeling overwhelmed, lonely, or struggling to enjoy life. Sometimes, you need additional resources to help you work through your problems. Other times, you need help healing from the painful experiences of your past. Whatever you are currently struggling with, you should know that there is hope for a better tomorrow. My purpose is to come alongside you in your pain and suffering and help you discover how you can live a life of fulfillment, joy, and peace.
Life isn’t always easy. We all go through challenging and painful seasons that can leave you feeling overwhelmed, lonely, or struggling to enjoy life. Sometimes, you need additional resources to help you work through your problems. Other times, you need help healing from the painful experiences of your past. Whatever you are currently struggling with, you should know that there is hope for a better tomorrow. My purpose is to come alongside you in your pain and suffering and help you discover how you can live a life of fulfillment, joy, and peace.
(762) 533-7797 View (762) 533-7797

See more therapy options for McCaysville

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in McCaysville, GA

< 10

Therapists in McCaysville, GA who prioritize treating:

100% Relationship Issues
100% Depression
100% Anxiety
100% Grief
100% Parenting
100% Trauma and PTSD
100% Divorce

Average years in practice

20 Years

Gender breakdown

67% Female
33% Male

How Therapists in McCaysville, GA see their clients

100% In Person and Online
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in McCaysville?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.