Therapists in Decatur, GA

Photo of Kendal Harrod, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Kendal Harrod
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Decatur, GA 30034  (Online Only)
My goal is to provide a safe, non-judgmental space for self-exploration and development of tools to navigate life's challenges. My therapeutic approach is highlighted through a person-centered, solution-focused approach by helping identify individual strengths and increase self-esteem/confidence.
My goal is to provide a safe, non-judgmental space for self-exploration and development of tools to navigate life's challenges. My therapeutic approach is highlighted through a person-centered, solution-focused approach by helping identify individual strengths and increase self-esteem/confidence.
(470) 782-8457 View (470) 782-8457
Photo of Patrick Bryant - The Peaceful Place, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
The Peaceful Place
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Decatur, GA 30030
Even without a pandemic, life can present with struggle, hardship, or overwhelming challenges. We all have many parts, some react, some retreat, some feel stuck, and some feel resigned to life's circumstances. All of our parts are well-intended, but sometimes they cast a shadow, and all we see is one part of ourselves. Whether you're struggling with anxiety, depression, trauma, generalized stress, hopelessness, or relationship issues, obstacles don't have to define you. We will help you build upon strengths, gain new perspective, redefine stories that no longer fit, and form a stronger, healthier connection with self and others.
Even without a pandemic, life can present with struggle, hardship, or overwhelming challenges. We all have many parts, some react, some retreat, some feel stuck, and some feel resigned to life's circumstances. All of our parts are well-intended, but sometimes they cast a shadow, and all we see is one part of ourselves. Whether you're struggling with anxiety, depression, trauma, generalized stress, hopelessness, or relationship issues, obstacles don't have to define you. We will help you build upon strengths, gain new perspective, redefine stories that no longer fit, and form a stronger, healthier connection with self and others.
(404) 390-4230 View (404) 390-4230
Photo of Marcus Price, LCSW, MDiv, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Marcus Price
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, MDiv
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Decatur, GA 30030
Choosing to enter into therapy is a courageous decision that I deeply honor and respect. It says that you believe in your capacity for growth and healing. I am here to facilitate your healing experience by providing a safe, authentic, non-judgmental space for us to get to the heart of what is keeping you stuck in your life or relationships. I work integratively, blending various therapeutic modalities to support couples and individuals in addressing their unique needs.
Choosing to enter into therapy is a courageous decision that I deeply honor and respect. It says that you believe in your capacity for growth and healing. I am here to facilitate your healing experience by providing a safe, authentic, non-judgmental space for us to get to the heart of what is keeping you stuck in your life or relationships. I work integratively, blending various therapeutic modalities to support couples and individuals in addressing their unique needs.
(678) 347-1162 View (678) 347-1162
Photo of Olga A Attebery, LAMFT, LAPC, CCBRT-C, NCC
Olga A Attebery
Associate Professional Counselor, LAMFT, LAPC, CCBRT-C, NCC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Decatur, GA 30033
Sometimes in the midst of struggle, it is hard to be hopeful. When it is hard, it is my privilege to hold that hope for you. I work with both men and women, as well as couples. I am passionate about working with couples through affair recovery and other difficult transitions. I am trained in the Gottman method and use this approach along with techniques from Emotionally Focused Therapy (EFT) to help my couples reach their relationship goals. I also have a passion for working with trauma, grief and loss; and as a first-generation American, the complexities of a multicultural existence.
Sometimes in the midst of struggle, it is hard to be hopeful. When it is hard, it is my privilege to hold that hope for you. I work with both men and women, as well as couples. I am passionate about working with couples through affair recovery and other difficult transitions. I am trained in the Gottman method and use this approach along with techniques from Emotionally Focused Therapy (EFT) to help my couples reach their relationship goals. I also have a passion for working with trauma, grief and loss; and as a first-generation American, the complexities of a multicultural existence.
(404) 620-2263 View (404) 620-2263
Photo of Lauren D Alloy, LCSW, ACSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Lauren D Alloy
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, ACSW
Verified Verified
Decatur, GA 30033
Change is possible! For 20 years I have been helping children, adolescents, and adults to successfully navigate life's challenges.I have been privileged to witness improved self-esteem, decreased anxiety,improved relaionships and increased hope again and again! I see our work together as a joint venture and feel privileged to support, encourage, participate and help navigate as needed. I offer brief treatment for specific challenges and longer-term treatment for more complicated and/or long-standing psychological problems. My approach to treatment is eclectic and and always individually tailored to the particular client or family.
Change is possible! For 20 years I have been helping children, adolescents, and adults to successfully navigate life's challenges.I have been privileged to witness improved self-esteem, decreased anxiety,improved relaionships and increased hope again and again! I see our work together as a joint venture and feel privileged to support, encourage, participate and help navigate as needed. I offer brief treatment for specific challenges and longer-term treatment for more complicated and/or long-standing psychological problems. My approach to treatment is eclectic and and always individually tailored to the particular client or family.
(678) 660-5261 View (678) 660-5261
Photo of Renee Hall-George, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Renee Hall-George
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Decatur, GA 30030
Are you tired of feeling overwhelmed, stressed, rushed? Feeling down or blah, and wondering what’s missing? Maybe you are in transition or dealing with a difficult situation or relationship. Having a safe, nonjudgmental space in order to explore your life may be exactly what you need.
Are you tired of feeling overwhelmed, stressed, rushed? Feeling down or blah, and wondering what’s missing? Maybe you are in transition or dealing with a difficult situation or relationship. Having a safe, nonjudgmental space in order to explore your life may be exactly what you need.
(404) 905-3236 View (404) 905-3236
Photo of Liza Marks, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Liza Marks
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Decatur, GA 30033
Not accepting new clients
I use a trauma-focused lens to help individuals gain insight and shift unhelpful patterns in their lives. I love to work with people struggling with their substance use, disordered eating, relationships, or feeling in touch with themselves. I have a warm, relational vibe, a good sense of humor, and a strong belief in the value of embracing our weirdness.
I use a trauma-focused lens to help individuals gain insight and shift unhelpful patterns in their lives. I love to work with people struggling with their substance use, disordered eating, relationships, or feeling in touch with themselves. I have a warm, relational vibe, a good sense of humor, and a strong belief in the value of embracing our weirdness.
(470) 684-4332 View (470) 684-4332
Photo of Ellerbe May, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Ellerbe May
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Decatur, GA 30030
My practice supports adults in mindfully navigating the challenges of depression, anxiety, relationship issues, and difficult life transitions, including the transition to parenthood. I enjoy working with parents as they navigate difficult moments and phases of their parenting journey and am passionate about helping mothers in the perinatal period, including trying to conceive, pregnancy, postpartum, and the transition to motherhood. For all of us, there are moments in life when things feel like “too much.” These moments are worthy of our attention.
My practice supports adults in mindfully navigating the challenges of depression, anxiety, relationship issues, and difficult life transitions, including the transition to parenthood. I enjoy working with parents as they navigate difficult moments and phases of their parenting journey and am passionate about helping mothers in the perinatal period, including trying to conceive, pregnancy, postpartum, and the transition to motherhood. For all of us, there are moments in life when things feel like “too much.” These moments are worthy of our attention.
(470) 458-4259 View (470) 458-4259
Photo of Sheila P Campbell, EdD,  MS, MA, NCC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Sheila P Campbell
Licensed Professional Counselor, EdD, MS, MA, NCC
Verified Verified
Decatur, GA 30030  (Online Only)
Sheila believes that we all are recovering from something and given a safe space to share one’s feelings without judgement, individuals can grow and heal from past and current pains. Choosing to come in for counseling is often a difficult decision; She wants her clients’ to understand that she is here to provide that safe, non-judgmental space.
Sheila believes that we all are recovering from something and given a safe space to share one’s feelings without judgement, individuals can grow and heal from past and current pains. Choosing to come in for counseling is often a difficult decision; She wants her clients’ to understand that she is here to provide that safe, non-judgmental space.
(678) 831-7290 View (678) 831-7290
Photo of Sabrina Y Byirt - Balance & Growth Wellness LLC ( Sabrina Byirt), MS, LMSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Balance & Growth Wellness LLC ( Sabrina Byirt)
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MS, LMSW
Verified Verified
Decatur, GA 30034  (Online Only)
Have depression and anxiety been interfering with your life daily, and nothing is working? You are not stuck, or, most of all, you are not alone in experiencing these symptoms. If you are ready to make a change and turn over a new leaf, I am here to support you in your healing journey. It is time to reach your full potential as an individual. I am skilled in treating adults and children who are experiencing depression and anxiety, bipolar, ADHD, and substance abuse.
Have depression and anxiety been interfering with your life daily, and nothing is working? You are not stuck, or, most of all, you are not alone in experiencing these symptoms. If you are ready to make a change and turn over a new leaf, I am here to support you in your healing journey. It is time to reach your full potential as an individual. I am skilled in treating adults and children who are experiencing depression and anxiety, bipolar, ADHD, and substance abuse.
(256) 445-9134 View (256) 445-9134
Photo of Debonee Morgan, MS, LMFT, CCTP, OHR, Marriage & Family Therapist
Debonee Morgan
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT, CCTP, OHR
Verified Verified
21 Endorsed
Decatur, GA 30030
Waitlist for new clients
I have several speciality areas, including LGBTQ+, couples and relationships, depression, addiction & recovery, and integrating faith issues with all of these. I believe its all about discovering meaning in life, and your unique place in the world. If you find yourself struggling with your identity or how you fit in a relationship, your family, or community, I'd love to help you untangle that. If you feel pulled under by substance abuse, or the weight of depression, let me join you and see if we can find a light to follow.
I have several speciality areas, including LGBTQ+, couples and relationships, depression, addiction & recovery, and integrating faith issues with all of these. I believe its all about discovering meaning in life, and your unique place in the world. If you find yourself struggling with your identity or how you fit in a relationship, your family, or community, I'd love to help you untangle that. If you feel pulled under by substance abuse, or the weight of depression, let me join you and see if we can find a light to follow.
(404) 236-6194 View (404) 236-6194
Photo of Hanna Rodgers, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Hanna Rodgers
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Decatur, GA 30030  (Online Only)
I am a Georgia licensed clinical social worker providing holistic therapy to adults, through individual therapy and group therapy. I practice within a proactive compassionate teamwork based model. If you are ready to jump in, I am right here to jump in with you. This may include homework between sessions and other ways to continue toward your goals in and out of the therapy office. Our connection and team-spiritedness is the foundation of our work together. I promise to always treat you with kindness, compassion, respect, cultural competency and unconditional positive regard.
I am a Georgia licensed clinical social worker providing holistic therapy to adults, through individual therapy and group therapy. I practice within a proactive compassionate teamwork based model. If you are ready to jump in, I am right here to jump in with you. This may include homework between sessions and other ways to continue toward your goals in and out of the therapy office. Our connection and team-spiritedness is the foundation of our work together. I promise to always treat you with kindness, compassion, respect, cultural competency and unconditional positive regard.
(404) 975-1143 View (404) 975-1143
Photo of Thomas B Kronemberg, MS, LAPC, NCC, Counselor
Thomas B Kronemberg
Counselor, MS, LAPC, NCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Decatur, GA 30030  (Online Only)
I am friendly, compassionate, and down to earth; dedicated to ensuring that each client receives the best care possible. Since I believe that each person is unique, I utilize various types of treatment modalities to promote healing and growth including Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT), Motivational Interviewing (MIT), and play therapy. I have experience working with a number of mental health and emotional concerns, including anxiety, depression, loss and grief, family dysfunction, anger management, substance abuse, pre-marital/marriage counseling, parenting education and men’s issues.
I am friendly, compassionate, and down to earth; dedicated to ensuring that each client receives the best care possible. Since I believe that each person is unique, I utilize various types of treatment modalities to promote healing and growth including Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT), Motivational Interviewing (MIT), and play therapy. I have experience working with a number of mental health and emotional concerns, including anxiety, depression, loss and grief, family dysfunction, anger management, substance abuse, pre-marital/marriage counseling, parenting education and men’s issues.
(470) 232-0266 View (470) 232-0266
Photo of Jodi Spires, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Jodi Spires
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Decatur, GA 30034
Hi, my name is Jodi Spires. For 25 years, I have worked as a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) with people learning to deal with depression, anxiety, trauma, and family issues. Though I am comfortable working with clients of all ages, when working with children, I prefer them to be a little older, like 9/10 years+. I am comfortable working with clients from diverse racial, social, or religious/spiritual backgrounds, as well as the LGBTQIA+ community.
Hi, my name is Jodi Spires. For 25 years, I have worked as a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) with people learning to deal with depression, anxiety, trauma, and family issues. Though I am comfortable working with clients of all ages, when working with children, I prefer them to be a little older, like 9/10 years+. I am comfortable working with clients from diverse racial, social, or religious/spiritual backgrounds, as well as the LGBTQIA+ community.
(678) 928-6812 View (678) 928-6812
Photo of Worth St. George, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Worth St. George
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Decatur, GA 30030
If you feel you are struggling with drugs and/or alcohol and experiencing issues in your life, I'm here to help. Whether you have anxiety, depression or are going through a difficult life transition, you can get through this and you could use a safe space to process this and find direction.
If you feel you are struggling with drugs and/or alcohol and experiencing issues in your life, I'm here to help. Whether you have anxiety, depression or are going through a difficult life transition, you can get through this and you could use a safe space to process this and find direction.
(404) 574-4449 x103 View (404) 574-4449 x103
Photo of Kate Zera Kray, MSW, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Kate Zera Kray
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
Decatur, GA 30030
Are you overcome with grief and wondering how you will (ever) recover from the death of a loved one; the loss of a job; a divorce; or your own decline in health? Are you finding that time does not heal all wounds? I am sorry you are going through a difficult time and I commend you for reaching out for support along your journey. It is my hope that my extensive clinical experience, coupled with your resiliency and resolve, will enable us to uncover the tools necessary to reinvest in your life. I am accepting new clients for virtual meetings. I am licensed in Georgia, Illinois and Iowa.
Are you overcome with grief and wondering how you will (ever) recover from the death of a loved one; the loss of a job; a divorce; or your own decline in health? Are you finding that time does not heal all wounds? I am sorry you are going through a difficult time and I commend you for reaching out for support along your journey. It is my hope that my extensive clinical experience, coupled with your resiliency and resolve, will enable us to uncover the tools necessary to reinvest in your life. I am accepting new clients for virtual meetings. I am licensed in Georgia, Illinois and Iowa.
(404) 341-6729 View (404) 341-6729
Photo of Sarah Meng, LPC, CPCS, Counselor
Sarah Meng
Counselor, LPC, CPCS
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Decatur, GA 30030  (Online Only)
Overwhelmed and grieving the state of the world? Struggling with placing the burden of other people's expectations on yourself? Seeking skilled, non-judgmental support that actually makes a difference? I've got you! I help people connect with themselves, significant others, and community so they can meaningfully engage in life. I am known for my warmth and commitment to high quality care, especially with clients who are queer, trans, neurodivergent, or in a larger body. I am a Health at Every Size clinician.⁠⁠ My practice is culturally affirming and anti-oppressive. I'm licensed in GA, SC, FL, IA, VT, and CO.
Overwhelmed and grieving the state of the world? Struggling with placing the burden of other people's expectations on yourself? Seeking skilled, non-judgmental support that actually makes a difference? I've got you! I help people connect with themselves, significant others, and community so they can meaningfully engage in life. I am known for my warmth and commitment to high quality care, especially with clients who are queer, trans, neurodivergent, or in a larger body. I am a Health at Every Size clinician.⁠⁠ My practice is culturally affirming and anti-oppressive. I'm licensed in GA, SC, FL, IA, VT, and CO.
(404) 737-6983 View (404) 737-6983
Photo of Rebecca Kim, RN, LMSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Rebecca Kim
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, RN, LMSW
Verified Verified
Decatur, GA 30032  (Online Only)
Welcome! I work with individuals experiencing a range of concerns, including trauma, anxiety, life transitions, and relational difficulties. With a foundation in trauma-informed and person-centered care, I bring a warm, holistic, and culturally competent perspective to our therapeutic journey. My affirming and conversational style is designed to both support and gently challenge you as needed, and I draw from diverse therapeutic approaches, including attachment theory, EMDR, and narrative and psychodynamic frameworks.
Welcome! I work with individuals experiencing a range of concerns, including trauma, anxiety, life transitions, and relational difficulties. With a foundation in trauma-informed and person-centered care, I bring a warm, holistic, and culturally competent perspective to our therapeutic journey. My affirming and conversational style is designed to both support and gently challenge you as needed, and I draw from diverse therapeutic approaches, including attachment theory, EMDR, and narrative and psychodynamic frameworks.
(678) 839-9054 View (678) 839-9054
Photo of Leah Kelley, LMSW, MPH, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Leah Kelley
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW, MPH
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Decatur, GA 30032
My goal is to meet each person where they are, to help each person to feel heard, to grow in self-compassion, and learn to validate their emotions. Whatever you're struggling with, whether it's anxiety, depression, body image, trauma recovery, grief, or LGBTQIA+ and gender identity issues, I welcome the opportunity to help you to break out of stuck cycles and get in touch with your true self.
My goal is to meet each person where they are, to help each person to feel heard, to grow in self-compassion, and learn to validate their emotions. Whatever you're struggling with, whether it's anxiety, depression, body image, trauma recovery, grief, or LGBTQIA+ and gender identity issues, I welcome the opportunity to help you to break out of stuck cycles and get in touch with your true self.
(404) 689-9452 View (404) 689-9452
Photo of Cindi L Bockwitz, MA, LPC, RPT-S, Licensed Professional Counselor
Cindi L Bockwitz
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, RPT-S
Verified Verified
Decatur, GA 30033  (Online Only)
Life can be confusing, overwhelming, & mystifying. Maybe you feel worried, fearful, sad or lonely, & want to improve your emotional well-being. Relationships and circumstances sometimes exceed our abilities to cope effectively and we need someone to guide and support us. We are each a singular part of various systems (couple-hood, family, work, faith, community, school). Navigating those systems in healthy ways can feel confusing & difficult; therapy can help you develop insight, perspective, self-understanding, & coping skills to manage your life better. Reaching out for help is both a risk-taking behavior and a strength.
Life can be confusing, overwhelming, & mystifying. Maybe you feel worried, fearful, sad or lonely, & want to improve your emotional well-being. Relationships and circumstances sometimes exceed our abilities to cope effectively and we need someone to guide and support us. We are each a singular part of various systems (couple-hood, family, work, faith, community, school). Navigating those systems in healthy ways can feel confusing & difficult; therapy can help you develop insight, perspective, self-understanding, & coping skills to manage your life better. Reaching out for help is both a risk-taking behavior and a strength.
(404) 800-6539 View (404) 800-6539
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How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Decatur, GA

700+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in Decatur, GA who prioritize treating:

90% Anxiety
86% Depression
77% Relationship Issues
76% Self Esteem
66% Coping Skills
66% Stress
65% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

82% Aetna
62% Cigna and Evernorth
59% BlueCross and BlueShield

How Therapists in Decatur, GA see their clients

68% In Person and Online
32% Online Only

Gender breakdown

81% Female
17% Male
2% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Decatur?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.