Therapists in Polk County, FL

View cities in Polk County
Photo of Jim C Thomas, Marriage & Family Therapist in Polk County, FL
Jim C Thomas
Marriage & Family Therapist, DMin, LMFT
Verified Verified
Winter Haven, FL 33881
Since I have been doing counseling/therapy for 40+ years, I am very familiar with many approaches and theories. My first step in working with a person or couples is to help them express the goal(s) they wish to achieve in seeking counseling and then work with them to either discover the skills within themselves or help them develop these skills to reach these goals and live fulfilled lives.
Since I have been doing counseling/therapy for 40+ years, I am very familiar with many approaches and theories. My first step in working with a person or couples is to help them express the goal(s) they wish to achieve in seeking counseling and then work with them to either discover the skills within themselves or help them develop these skills to reach these goals and live fulfilled lives.
(863) 588-0465 View (863) 588-0465
Photo of YvEvolve LLC - yvevolve.com, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Polk County, FL
YvEvolve LLC - yvevolve.com
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW, LCSW-C, LCSW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Kissimmee, FL 34759  (Online Only)
Yvette M. Mosley is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LICSW) in Washington DC, Florida and Maryland. Yvette is a mental health professional that believes Ability – Is what you can do •Motivation – Determines what you do •Attitude-Determines how well you do it; If you can embrace those ideas you are equipped to deal with life stressors. Individuals may experience a variety of life stressors that can lead to one’s life presenting as it is unraveling. The goal is to support individuals in strengthening relationships with themselves and others through mindfulness talk therapy. All through Telehealth! Therapy is within reach!
Yvette M. Mosley is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LICSW) in Washington DC, Florida and Maryland. Yvette is a mental health professional that believes Ability – Is what you can do •Motivation – Determines what you do •Attitude-Determines how well you do it; If you can embrace those ideas you are equipped to deal with life stressors. Individuals may experience a variety of life stressors that can lead to one’s life presenting as it is unraveling. The goal is to support individuals in strengthening relationships with themselves and others through mindfulness talk therapy. All through Telehealth! Therapy is within reach!
(202) 849-9787 View (202) 849-9787
Photo of Sheree L Saulter, Counselor in Polk County, FL
Sheree L Saulter
Counselor, LMHC, MA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Lakeland, FL 33805
"TOTAL Counseling" where we Tackle Obstacles, Tears, Anger & Loneliness. Everyone needs someone! Sometimes life can be overwhelming causing you to feel like you can't breathe. Perhaps you feel stuck or lost. You don't have to face these issues alone. Let's work together to overcome your challenges. Here is a place which offers you freedom to share without being judged if you are feeling depressed, lost, hopeless, anxious or just need someone to talk to.
"TOTAL Counseling" where we Tackle Obstacles, Tears, Anger & Loneliness. Everyone needs someone! Sometimes life can be overwhelming causing you to feel like you can't breathe. Perhaps you feel stuck or lost. You don't have to face these issues alone. Let's work together to overcome your challenges. Here is a place which offers you freedom to share without being judged if you are feeling depressed, lost, hopeless, anxious or just need someone to talk to.
(863) 692-3735 View (863) 692-3735
Photo of KAPS Therapeutic Solutions LLC, Counselor in Polk County, FL
KAPS Therapeutic Solutions LLC
Counselor, LMHC, QS
Verified Verified
Lakeland, FL 33813  (Online Only)
Do you feel your past traumatic events weigh you down like an anchor and it is hard to "be normal?" Are these past memories flooding your day to day experiences preventing you from feeling joy and living in the here and now? Is it challenging to see the real you and believe in your worth? I help both adults and children who have experienced traumatic events and who are struggling with low self-worth to claim back their lives and discover that what happened to them does not define them. Together we will take the journey to identifying the true you so you can have healthy connections with others and most importantly, yourself!
Do you feel your past traumatic events weigh you down like an anchor and it is hard to "be normal?" Are these past memories flooding your day to day experiences preventing you from feeling joy and living in the here and now? Is it challenging to see the real you and believe in your worth? I help both adults and children who have experienced traumatic events and who are struggling with low self-worth to claim back their lives and discover that what happened to them does not define them. Together we will take the journey to identifying the true you so you can have healthy connections with others and most importantly, yourself!
(863) 869-4448 View (863) 869-4448
Photo of Michele Lescard, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Polk County, FL
Michele Lescard
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Lake Wales, FL 33898
Hello there! So glad you are seeking help for your mental health! This is the first step and I am happy to join you on your healing journey. It is essential to take care of our whole selves, physical, mental, and spiritual selves. I enjoy working with people helping them find their inner strengths as they seek solutions and build their toolbox full of coping strategies to manage life. I believe wholeheartedly that everyone has their strengths and gifts, we only need to open our minds and take time to discover them. Let me help you on this journey to self discovery and self-empowerment so you can live happier and in peace.
Hello there! So glad you are seeking help for your mental health! This is the first step and I am happy to join you on your healing journey. It is essential to take care of our whole selves, physical, mental, and spiritual selves. I enjoy working with people helping them find their inner strengths as they seek solutions and build their toolbox full of coping strategies to manage life. I believe wholeheartedly that everyone has their strengths and gifts, we only need to open our minds and take time to discover them. Let me help you on this journey to self discovery and self-empowerment so you can live happier and in peace.
(863) 250-7784 View (863) 250-7784
Lakeland Psychology
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Lakeland, FL 33813
Dr. Suzanne Lavelle is the founder of Lakeland Psychology. She and her associates provide comprehensive psychological evaluations and customized psychological treatment.
Dr. Suzanne Lavelle is the founder of Lakeland Psychology. She and her associates provide comprehensive psychological evaluations and customized psychological treatment.
(863) 269-0725 View (863) 269-0725
Photo of Amanda Gray in Polk County, FL
Amanda Gray
MS, BCBA, IBA, LBA
Verified Verified
Dundee, FL 33838
If you are looking for an Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) therapy that is centered around the overall wellness of your child, with input from the Autistic community, to ensure that their sensory needs are being met. I'm Amanda Gray, the Neurodivergent BCBA owner, and practitioner of Voyage Behavior, Inc. We are located in East Polk County, Florida, but see clients within a 30-45 mile radius of our home office in Dundee, FL. If you'd like your neurodivergent child to thrive and feel supported as their authentic self in this neurotypical world, please give us a call at (833) 869 - 2423, so that we can schedule a call.
If you are looking for an Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) therapy that is centered around the overall wellness of your child, with input from the Autistic community, to ensure that their sensory needs are being met. I'm Amanda Gray, the Neurodivergent BCBA owner, and practitioner of Voyage Behavior, Inc. We are located in East Polk County, Florida, but see clients within a 30-45 mile radius of our home office in Dundee, FL. If you'd like your neurodivergent child to thrive and feel supported as their authentic self in this neurotypical world, please give us a call at (833) 869 - 2423, so that we can schedule a call.
(833) 869-2423 View (833) 869-2423
Photo of Mildred V Holmes, Counselor in Polk County, FL
Mildred V Holmes
Counselor, MA, LMHC, LCPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Davenport, FL 33896  (Online Only)
Over 20 years experience as a clinical counselor helping diverse clients reach their personal and professional goals. I offer caring and compassionate counseling to adults, children and adolescents, couples and families who experience conflict and crisis in their lives. If you are feeling discouraged and in despair, we will work together to re-claim your courage and find happiness and hope.
Over 20 years experience as a clinical counselor helping diverse clients reach their personal and professional goals. I offer caring and compassionate counseling to adults, children and adolescents, couples and families who experience conflict and crisis in their lives. If you are feeling discouraged and in despair, we will work together to re-claim your courage and find happiness and hope.
(863) 456-7931 View (863) 456-7931
Photo of Alex Lane, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Polk County, FL
Alex Lane
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Lakeland, FL 33803
Congrats on clearing the toughest hurdle in this process - deciding you want to change aspects of your life. What's next? Figuring out who you'd like to work with & how does therapy work? For 15+ years, I have had the great honor of experiencing and facilitating the healing & growth of the people I worked with by using empathy, genuine compassion, and proven therapeutic techniques. I have assisted those who struggle with making sense of traumatic experiences as well as depression & anxiety, substance use/abuse, and many of the challenging moments that life throws at us. I'm looking forward to facilitating your journey.
Congrats on clearing the toughest hurdle in this process - deciding you want to change aspects of your life. What's next? Figuring out who you'd like to work with & how does therapy work? For 15+ years, I have had the great honor of experiencing and facilitating the healing & growth of the people I worked with by using empathy, genuine compassion, and proven therapeutic techniques. I have assisted those who struggle with making sense of traumatic experiences as well as depression & anxiety, substance use/abuse, and many of the challenging moments that life throws at us. I'm looking forward to facilitating your journey.
(863) 766-2244 View (863) 766-2244
Photo of Ruby Dixon, Licensed Mental Health Counselor in Polk County, FL
Ruby Dixon
Licensed Mental Health Counselor
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Kissimmee, FL 34759  (Online Only)
Ruby Dixon is a Licensed Mental Health Counselor with over seventeen years of experience. She has experience working with children, adolescents, and adults. She has worked with a variety of mental health disorders to include, but are not limited to, anxiety, depression, ADHD, anger management, stress, conduct disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, military, and family life issues. She is a compassionate counselor who strives to help her clients meet their goals in a safe and judgment free environment. If you are ready to begin your journey to improved mental health please feel free to contact her via email or phone.
Ruby Dixon is a Licensed Mental Health Counselor with over seventeen years of experience. She has experience working with children, adolescents, and adults. She has worked with a variety of mental health disorders to include, but are not limited to, anxiety, depression, ADHD, anger management, stress, conduct disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, military, and family life issues. She is a compassionate counselor who strives to help her clients meet their goals in a safe and judgment free environment. If you are ready to begin your journey to improved mental health please feel free to contact her via email or phone.
(863) 592-2706 View (863) 592-2706
Photo of Kristin Schwartz, Pre-Licensed Professional in Polk County, FL
Kristin Schwartz
Pre-Licensed Professional, RMHCI
Verified Verified
Lakeland, FL 33801
Kristin Schwartz is a Registered Mental Health Counselor Intern in Florida who has been practicing since 2022. She has a M.S. in Professional Counseling from Southeastern University. Kristin offers Trauma Focused Cognitive Behavior Therapy and Dialectical Behavior Therapy for children and adults struggling with anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder. She offers motivational interviewing and solution focused therapy for adolescents struggling with anxiety and depression.
Kristin Schwartz is a Registered Mental Health Counselor Intern in Florida who has been practicing since 2022. She has a M.S. in Professional Counseling from Southeastern University. Kristin offers Trauma Focused Cognitive Behavior Therapy and Dialectical Behavior Therapy for children and adults struggling with anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder. She offers motivational interviewing and solution focused therapy for adolescents struggling with anxiety and depression.
(863) 292-6610 View (863) 292-6610
Photo of Dr. Dornett Elizabeth McIntosh, LPC Intern in Polk County, FL
Dr. Dornett Elizabeth McIntosh
LPC Intern, MA, PhD
Verified Verified
Kissimmee, FL 34759
I am currently accepting new clients and accepts insurance; I am a certified mental health counselor, Psychotherapy, offering, pastoral counseling, providing care and guidance to adults and teenagers. I specialize in helping others to overcome anxiety, depression, behavioral modification, trauma, and grief and loss. I have experience with individuals with depression, anxiety, and other mental health difficulties. I enjoy helping others to overcome life's burdens and challenges and find their inner strengths. My goal is to listen to my clients, promote healing and inspire them to grow, empowering them to make positive decisions.
I am currently accepting new clients and accepts insurance; I am a certified mental health counselor, Psychotherapy, offering, pastoral counseling, providing care and guidance to adults and teenagers. I specialize in helping others to overcome anxiety, depression, behavioral modification, trauma, and grief and loss. I have experience with individuals with depression, anxiety, and other mental health difficulties. I enjoy helping others to overcome life's burdens and challenges and find their inner strengths. My goal is to listen to my clients, promote healing and inspire them to grow, empowering them to make positive decisions.
(863) 593-8897 View (863) 593-8897
Photo of Megan Renz, Licensed Mental Health Counselor in Polk County, FL
Megan Renz
Licensed Mental Health Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
Winter Haven, FL 33884  (Online Only)
I am a licensed mental health counselor licensed in NY and Florida. I have been in the field since 2014 and I help those who struggle with substances, anxiety, and depression.
I am a licensed mental health counselor licensed in NY and Florida. I have been in the field since 2014 and I help those who struggle with substances, anxiety, and depression.
(863) 431-9067 View (863) 431-9067
Photo of Better Together Marriage and Family Counseling , Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Polk County, FL
Better Together Marriage and Family Counseling
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Lakeland, FL 33803
I am licensed in the state of Florida since 2011 and I am also a Qualified Supervisor for RCI's. Relationships are a full time job and can be overwhelming yet so worth it. My professional mission is to provide my clients with the tools that they need to make everyday life fulfilling and purposeful. My specialty is working with couples to overcome barriers and to find their love again. Its important to note that yes couples are Better Together but in reality sometimes they are better a part and co parenting at a distance. Lets work together, the Best is Yet to come!
I am licensed in the state of Florida since 2011 and I am also a Qualified Supervisor for RCI's. Relationships are a full time job and can be overwhelming yet so worth it. My professional mission is to provide my clients with the tools that they need to make everyday life fulfilling and purposeful. My specialty is working with couples to overcome barriers and to find their love again. Its important to note that yes couples are Better Together but in reality sometimes they are better a part and co parenting at a distance. Lets work together, the Best is Yet to come!
(239) 230-3806 View (239) 230-3806
Photo of David A Hernandez, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Polk County, FL
David A Hernandez
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Lakeland, FL 33801
Whether it was your decision or your spouse’s, experiencing divorce leads to confusion, anger, resentment, and anxiety. You’re feeling grief over the pending loss of the marriage and at times wonder if the entire marriage had been a waste. Was it all for nothing? You once loved and trusted each other. Now, the legal proceedings can suddenly make your spouse seem like an adversary. Complications abound including lawyers, court dates and disputes over child visitation. After the divorce is over, your life is nothing like what you had planned...it seems as if your mind is hampered by a heavy fog. How can you sort things out?
Whether it was your decision or your spouse’s, experiencing divorce leads to confusion, anger, resentment, and anxiety. You’re feeling grief over the pending loss of the marriage and at times wonder if the entire marriage had been a waste. Was it all for nothing? You once loved and trusted each other. Now, the legal proceedings can suddenly make your spouse seem like an adversary. Complications abound including lawyers, court dates and disputes over child visitation. After the divorce is over, your life is nothing like what you had planned...it seems as if your mind is hampered by a heavy fog. How can you sort things out?
(863) 877-1383 View (863) 877-1383
Photo of Jen McLaughlin in Polk County, FL
Jen McLaughlin
MS, LMHC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Lakeland, FL 33803
Waitlist for new clients
Are you finding it hard to cope with stress? Uncomfortable with uncertainty? Is your worry interfering with your ability to concentrate, leading to avoidance & procrastination? Maybe you've spent hours scrolling through Psychology Today profiles but froze when it was time to choose one. A part of you would do anything to avoid calling to book this appointment. I get it. But, your untreated anxiety or depression interferes with too many areas of your life—making it harder at work and in relationships. You're isolating because it all feels exhausting and overwhelming. Change is usually challenging for you, but this time, you're ready.
Are you finding it hard to cope with stress? Uncomfortable with uncertainty? Is your worry interfering with your ability to concentrate, leading to avoidance & procrastination? Maybe you've spent hours scrolling through Psychology Today profiles but froze when it was time to choose one. A part of you would do anything to avoid calling to book this appointment. I get it. But, your untreated anxiety or depression interferes with too many areas of your life—making it harder at work and in relationships. You're isolating because it all feels exhausting and overwhelming. Change is usually challenging for you, but this time, you're ready.
(863) 204-3036 View (863) 204-3036
Photo of Patricia L Sabol, Counselor in Polk County, FL
Patricia L Sabol
Counselor, LMHC, NCC, CSOTS
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Lakeland, FL 33805
It's never too late to begin the healing process, or to improve your self awareness and emotional well being. As a licensed therapist, I am here to walk beside you and help you find the solutions that will work best in your life. Whether you are grieving, or feeling anxious or depressed, together we can work towards a treatment plan that will benefit you and promote a healthier sense of emotional wellness.
It's never too late to begin the healing process, or to improve your self awareness and emotional well being. As a licensed therapist, I am here to walk beside you and help you find the solutions that will work best in your life. Whether you are grieving, or feeling anxious or depressed, together we can work towards a treatment plan that will benefit you and promote a healthier sense of emotional wellness.
(863) 588-3595 View (863) 588-3595
Photo of Silver Lining Counseling, Registered Mental Health Counselor Intern in Polk County, FL
Silver Lining Counseling
Registered Mental Health Counselor Intern, MA
Verified Verified
Lakeland, FL 33813
Partnering with my clients in a therapeutic, non-judgmental, loving way is the foundation of my approach. Biofeedback or more specifically Neurofeedback is an evidenced based approach used to help people who have experienced trauma heal. I have and utilize an amazing system to improve the performance of brains in need of healing. I have experience addictions, trauma, the Florida child welfare system, adoptions, and grief.
Partnering with my clients in a therapeutic, non-judgmental, loving way is the foundation of my approach. Biofeedback or more specifically Neurofeedback is an evidenced based approach used to help people who have experienced trauma heal. I have and utilize an amazing system to improve the performance of brains in need of healing. I have experience addictions, trauma, the Florida child welfare system, adoptions, and grief.
(863) 204-1808 View (863) 204-1808
Photo of Valerie Boker, Pre-Licensed Professional in Polk County, FL
Valerie Boker
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA, RMHCI
Verified Verified
Bartow, FL 33830
I know how uncomfortable and nerve-wracking it can be to start therapy. I hope that I can make your experience as comfortable as possible. I have experience working with individuals with depression, anxiety, relationship issues, trauma, and grief. I also have experience working with families, teens and parents. I believe having the “right” therapist can be life changing. I would describe my style as warm, genuine, and non-judgmental. If you are interested in starting counseling, please contact me via email or phone. I would be honored to work alongside you on your healing journey.
I know how uncomfortable and nerve-wracking it can be to start therapy. I hope that I can make your experience as comfortable as possible. I have experience working with individuals with depression, anxiety, relationship issues, trauma, and grief. I also have experience working with families, teens and parents. I believe having the “right” therapist can be life changing. I would describe my style as warm, genuine, and non-judgmental. If you are interested in starting counseling, please contact me via email or phone. I would be honored to work alongside you on your healing journey.
(863) 450-1288 View (863) 450-1288
Photo of Betzaida Garcia, Registered Mental Health Counselor Intern in Polk County, FL
Betzaida Garcia
Registered Mental Health Counselor Intern, MEd, RMHCI
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Lakeland, FL 33801  (Online Only)
I am passionate about helping others by connecting past wounds to spiritual and psychological healing. Counseling provides you with the necessary tools to overcome difficult situations and painful emotions, make healthy changes, and reach your goals. I have worked with clients with various presenting issues, such as mental health disorders-related issues, crisis intervention, substance abuse, life transitions, grief and loss, depression, anxiety trauma, and PTSD.
I am passionate about helping others by connecting past wounds to spiritual and psychological healing. Counseling provides you with the necessary tools to overcome difficult situations and painful emotions, make healthy changes, and reach your goals. I have worked with clients with various presenting issues, such as mental health disorders-related issues, crisis intervention, substance abuse, life transitions, grief and loss, depression, anxiety trauma, and PTSD.
(407) 584-4923 View (407) 584-4923

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Polk County, FL

300+

Average cost per session

$120

Therapists in Polk County, FL who prioritize treating:

89% Anxiety
83% Depression
73% Coping Skills
73% Self Esteem
68% Relationship Issues
67% Stress
62% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

8 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

86% Aetna
86% Cigna and Evernorth
85% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in Polk County, FL see their clients

65% In Person and Online
35% Online Only

Gender breakdown

80% Female
19% Male
1% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Polk County?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.