Therapists in Colonicaltown South, Orlando, FL

Photo of Michelle S. Moore, Counselor in Colonicaltown South, Orlando, FL
Michelle S. Moore
Counselor, MA, LMHC, CEDS-S
Verified
2 Endorsed
Colonicaltown South, Orlando, FL 32801
My specialities includes working with pre-teens, adolescents and adults struggling with eating disorders, body image, substance use addiction, self-injury, anxiety, depression, anger, relationship struggles, life transitions and trauma/abuse.
My specialities includes working with pre-teens, adolescents and adults struggling with eating disorders, body image, substance use addiction, self-injury, anxiety, depression, anger, relationship struggles, life transitions and trauma/abuse.
(407) 501-8309 View (407) 501-8309
Photo of Andreina Bello, Counselor in Colonicaltown South, Orlando, FL
Andreina Bello
Counselor, LMHC
Verified
Colonicaltown South, Orlando, FL 32803
There are various moments in life in which you may feel unfulfilled, depressed, anxious and unable to self-regulate. Sometimes it is hard to identify your own feelings and explain the reasons why you may act in certain ways. By willingly and intentionally engaging in therapy you may find out that a lot of what you need is someone to listen, validate and guide you through your own healing process. I am a Licensed Clinical Mental Health Counselor who offers therapy in a collaborative environment where we can work together to understand what is troubling you and identify the steps you can take towards realizing the path you envision.
There are various moments in life in which you may feel unfulfilled, depressed, anxious and unable to self-regulate. Sometimes it is hard to identify your own feelings and explain the reasons why you may act in certain ways. By willingly and intentionally engaging in therapy you may find out that a lot of what you need is someone to listen, validate and guide you through your own healing process. I am a Licensed Clinical Mental Health Counselor who offers therapy in a collaborative environment where we can work together to understand what is troubling you and identify the steps you can take towards realizing the path you envision.
(689) 204-2603 View (689) 204-2603
Photo of Kaley Sinclair Jiawon, Counselor in Colonicaltown South, Orlando, FL
Kaley Sinclair Jiawon
Counselor, MA, LMHC, LMFT
Verified
2 Endorsed
Colonicaltown South, Orlando, FL 32803
Waitlist for new clients
Do you feel a disconnect between what you know in your head to be true, but can't seem to feel it deep down in your heart? Do you have the insight, but can't seem to put it into practice? Did you think you were over your past, but you now realize it's still affecting you and all the things that worked before to keep it down aren't working anymore? My clients are ready to start writing their life story instead of just witnessing it and finally get agreement between their head and their heart. They are ready to finally experience healing, peace, empowerment, and connection deep down.
Do you feel a disconnect between what you know in your head to be true, but can't seem to feel it deep down in your heart? Do you have the insight, but can't seem to put it into practice? Did you think you were over your past, but you now realize it's still affecting you and all the things that worked before to keep it down aren't working anymore? My clients are ready to start writing their life story instead of just witnessing it and finally get agreement between their head and their heart. They are ready to finally experience healing, peace, empowerment, and connection deep down.
(407) 573-7091 View (407) 573-7091
Photo of Dominique D. Barritt, Counselor in Colonicaltown South, Orlando, FL
Dominique D. Barritt
Counselor, MA, LMHC, NCC, EMDR, CST
Verified
5 Endorsed
Colonicaltown South, Orlando, FL 32803
Not accepting new clients
"Take the first step in faith. You don't have to see the whole staircase; just take the first step." Martin Luther King, Jr. Dealing with life's challenges can leave us feeling overwhelmed and confused. Choosing counseling is the first step in facing challenges. Counseling provides a safe, compassionate place to gain new perspective, answer difficult questions, and resolve painful conflicts. I am committed to providing knowledgeable, supportive therapy in a non-judgmental, confidential environment. I am a Licensed Mental Health Counselor, Nationally Certified Counselor, Certified EMDR Therapist, and trained Sex Therapist. I hold a Masters Degree from UNF.
"Take the first step in faith. You don't have to see the whole staircase; just take the first step." Martin Luther King, Jr. Dealing with life's challenges can leave us feeling overwhelmed and confused. Choosing counseling is the first step in facing challenges. Counseling provides a safe, compassionate place to gain new perspective, answer difficult questions, and resolve painful conflicts. I am committed to providing knowledgeable, supportive therapy in a non-judgmental, confidential environment. I am a Licensed Mental Health Counselor, Nationally Certified Counselor, Certified EMDR Therapist, and trained Sex Therapist. I hold a Masters Degree from UNF.
(407) 624-4886 View (407) 624-4886
Photo of The Nurture Place, Registered Mental Health Counselor Intern in Colonicaltown South, Orlando, FL
The Nurture Place
Registered Mental Health Counselor Intern, RMHCI
Verified
Colonicaltown South, Orlando, FL 32803
We all have times in our lives when we need someone to walk with us through the challenges of life. We are here to be your support, no matter the challenges.
We all have times in our lives when we need someone to walk with us through the challenges of life. We are here to be your support, no matter the challenges.
(689) 220-3673 View (689) 220-3673
Photo of John Grbac, Psychologist in Colonicaltown South, Orlando, FL
John Grbac
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
3 Endorsed
Colonicaltown South, Orlando, FL 32803
With over 25 years of professional counseling experience, Dr. Grbac provides a variety of services to children and families of central Florida. Beginning as a YMCA camp counselor at age 17, Dr. Grbac has always been dedicated to the happiness and health of children and teenagers. His continued passion and talent at helping has led to his successful private practice as a child psychologist. "Dr. John" is well known in the community for his warm and down-to-earth nature, child-friendly approach and vast clinical background, which fosters comfort and support when dealing with sensitive and challenging life problems.
With over 25 years of professional counseling experience, Dr. Grbac provides a variety of services to children and families of central Florida. Beginning as a YMCA camp counselor at age 17, Dr. Grbac has always been dedicated to the happiness and health of children and teenagers. His continued passion and talent at helping has led to his successful private practice as a child psychologist. "Dr. John" is well known in the community for his warm and down-to-earth nature, child-friendly approach and vast clinical background, which fosters comfort and support when dealing with sensitive and challenging life problems.
(407) 801-6535 View (407) 801-6535
Photo of Stephan Monteserín, Counselor in Colonicaltown South, Orlando, FL
Stephan Monteserín
Counselor, MS, LMHC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Colonicaltown South, Orlando, FL 32801
Life can seem like a barrage of stimuli hurling at us. This makes it difficult to listen quietly and to be led intuitively. How do You respond? We all react differently or sometimes even destructively, manifesting in attempts at control, or feeling insecure and compulsive. If one feels anxious, afraid, and uncertain while trying to do life, the struggle to figure things out can seem even less navigable. I seek to create a safe environment that allows people in pain, emotional paralysis, fear, self harm, sadness, etc... to experience hope and gain practical skills in order to navigate their lives with more savvy and confidence.
Life can seem like a barrage of stimuli hurling at us. This makes it difficult to listen quietly and to be led intuitively. How do You respond? We all react differently or sometimes even destructively, manifesting in attempts at control, or feeling insecure and compulsive. If one feels anxious, afraid, and uncertain while trying to do life, the struggle to figure things out can seem even less navigable. I seek to create a safe environment that allows people in pain, emotional paralysis, fear, self harm, sadness, etc... to experience hope and gain practical skills in order to navigate their lives with more savvy and confidence.
(407) 930-9650 View (407) 930-9650
Photo of Judith Lynn Allen, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Colonicaltown South, Orlando, FL
Judith Lynn Allen
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified
Colonicaltown South, Orlando, FL 32803
I am a Licensed Therapist/ Licensed Clinical Social Worker with over 25 years of experience working with adolescents, young adults, adults, couples and families in a variety of settings within the Orlando and Central Florida community. I have extensive experience in chronic mental health problems as well as generalized personal problems affecting one's social and emotional functioning. My primary goal is to create a caring and collaborative environment for an individual's counseling experience and to assist clients to achieve personal growth and improvement.
I am a Licensed Therapist/ Licensed Clinical Social Worker with over 25 years of experience working with adolescents, young adults, adults, couples and families in a variety of settings within the Orlando and Central Florida community. I have extensive experience in chronic mental health problems as well as generalized personal problems affecting one's social and emotional functioning. My primary goal is to create a caring and collaborative environment for an individual's counseling experience and to assist clients to achieve personal growth and improvement.
(813) 437-9844 View (813) 437-9844
Photo of Solace Counseling, Counselor in Colonicaltown South, Orlando, FL
Solace Counseling
Counselor, MA, MA, LMHC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Colonicaltown South, Orlando, FL 32801
For many of us, life is often difficult. Whether it's addiction, depression, anxiety, relationships, or just the pain of growing up, there are many different struggles we find ourselves over our lifetime. Counseling is meant to be a place where we are able to walk through the struggles and find both real hope and practical help. I work with adults and adolescents walking through a wide variety of life struggles not just to relieve pain, but to find fulfillment and balance in life as a whole.
For many of us, life is often difficult. Whether it's addiction, depression, anxiety, relationships, or just the pain of growing up, there are many different struggles we find ourselves over our lifetime. Counseling is meant to be a place where we are able to walk through the struggles and find both real hope and practical help. I work with adults and adolescents walking through a wide variety of life struggles not just to relieve pain, but to find fulfillment and balance in life as a whole.
(407) 501-8707 View (407) 501-8707
Photo of Gwilym Roddick, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Colonicaltown South, Orlando, FL
Gwilym Roddick
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, DSW, LCSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Colonicaltown South, Orlando, FL 32803
Gwilym Roddick, DSW, LCSW, received graduate degrees from Columbia University (Masters) and Rutgers University (Doctorate). Dr. Roddick specializes in using Evidence-based psychotherapies (e.g. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, Exposure and Response Prevention, Motivational Interviewing) to help people overcome their challenges in life. He has a straightforward approach to psychotherapy, carefully listening to his clients and offering compassionate support.
Gwilym Roddick, DSW, LCSW, received graduate degrees from Columbia University (Masters) and Rutgers University (Doctorate). Dr. Roddick specializes in using Evidence-based psychotherapies (e.g. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, Exposure and Response Prevention, Motivational Interviewing) to help people overcome their challenges in life. He has a straightforward approach to psychotherapy, carefully listening to his clients and offering compassionate support.
(305) 680-1178 View (305) 680-1178
Photo of Artie Gately in Colonicaltown South, Orlando, FL
Artie Gately
LMHC, MA
Verified
Colonicaltown South, Orlando, FL 32803
In a world where internal battles often go unnoticed, I stand as an ally for those facing depression, anxiety, and life's complexities. Understanding the broader societal pressures behind struggles with career, relationships, trauma, boundaries, assertiveness, and addiction, I offer a guiding hand. By gaining a deep, nuanced understanding of your experiences, we create personalized plans addressing immediate concerns and empowering you to reignite your inner spark.
In a world where internal battles often go unnoticed, I stand as an ally for those facing depression, anxiety, and life's complexities. Understanding the broader societal pressures behind struggles with career, relationships, trauma, boundaries, assertiveness, and addiction, I offer a guiding hand. By gaining a deep, nuanced understanding of your experiences, we create personalized plans addressing immediate concerns and empowering you to reignite your inner spark.
(407) 258-2261 View (407) 258-2261
Photo of Sharon Darin, Counselor in Colonicaltown South, Orlando, FL
Sharon Darin
Counselor, MA, LMHC
Verified
Colonicaltown South, Orlando, FL 32801
"Life isn't about waiting for the storm to be over, it's about learning how to dance in the rain." - Vivian Greene. Life happens and sometimes we feel stuck or confused or alone. Counseling provides a safe, supportive place to work through those struggles. We are hard-wired to be in relationship with others. I believe the path to wholeness lies within each of us.
"Life isn't about waiting for the storm to be over, it's about learning how to dance in the rain." - Vivian Greene. Life happens and sometimes we feel stuck or confused or alone. Counseling provides a safe, supportive place to work through those struggles. We are hard-wired to be in relationship with others. I believe the path to wholeness lies within each of us.
(407) 439-2493 View (407) 439-2493
Photo of Anastasia Bipat, Counselor in Colonicaltown South, Orlando, FL
Anastasia Bipat
Counselor, MA, LMHC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Colonicaltown South, Orlando, FL 32803
Do you feel overwhelmed, bogged down, depressed or anxious? I can help you find ways to navigate these struggles. I have an incredible passion for working with others and helping you to find balance in your life. We can work collaboratively to identify what is creating these difficulties and work through them, step by step. I strive to create a supportive space where you feel safe, allowing us to reach the goals you have set for yourself, together.
Do you feel overwhelmed, bogged down, depressed or anxious? I can help you find ways to navigate these struggles. I have an incredible passion for working with others and helping you to find balance in your life. We can work collaboratively to identify what is creating these difficulties and work through them, step by step. I strive to create a supportive space where you feel safe, allowing us to reach the goals you have set for yourself, together.
(321) 413-8053 View (321) 413-8053
Photo of Amaia Oiz, Marriage & Family Therapist in Colonicaltown South, Orlando, FL
Amaia Oiz
Marriage & Family Therapist, MFT, RYT
Verified
Colonicaltown South, Orlando, FL 32804  (Online Only)
I provide a non-judgmental and caring space for you to express your life's challenges and concerns. As you are immersed in the struggles of life you are affected emotionally, mentally, and, physically, and it is difficult to see all the options available to you. Together we will broaden the point of view so that solutions, insight, and clarity appear. I apply a holistic approach to unify the various characteristics of the self. I welcome you to explore what is meaningful to you so that you can best express your authentic self and cultivate important relationships.
I provide a non-judgmental and caring space for you to express your life's challenges and concerns. As you are immersed in the struggles of life you are affected emotionally, mentally, and, physically, and it is difficult to see all the options available to you. Together we will broaden the point of view so that solutions, insight, and clarity appear. I apply a holistic approach to unify the various characteristics of the self. I welcome you to explore what is meaningful to you so that you can best express your authentic self and cultivate important relationships.
(407) 305-4851 View (407) 305-4851
Photo of Pernell Pj Charles, Registered Mental Health Counselor Intern in Colonicaltown South, Orlando, FL
Pernell Pj Charles
Registered Mental Health Counselor Intern
Verified
Colonicaltown South, Orlando, FL 32803
We all have our struggles that prevent us from being the best version of ourselves for our family, our friends, and for our personal freedom. As a former elementary, middle, and high school teacher along with my years in ministry I recognize that most of the time we are aware of what those struggles are but feel powerless to change. Counseling allows for conversations that encourage and scaffold that change.
We all have our struggles that prevent us from being the best version of ourselves for our family, our friends, and for our personal freedom. As a former elementary, middle, and high school teacher along with my years in ministry I recognize that most of the time we are aware of what those struggles are but feel powerless to change. Counseling allows for conversations that encourage and scaffold that change.
(689) 202-4640 View (689) 202-4640
Photo of Florida LGBTQ+ Teletherapy, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Colonicaltown South, Orlando, FL
Florida LGBTQ+ Teletherapy
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Colonicaltown South, Orlando, FL 32801  (Online Only)
Experienced therapist providing teletherapy to LGBTQ+ individuals and allies across the state of Florida. Our conversations often include topics like anxiety, grief, depression, trauma, substance use and feelings of being overwhelmed by life. I also specialize in working with professionals in high stress jobs. My focus is on providing a safe environment where you can share anything on your heart of mind without fear of judgement.
Experienced therapist providing teletherapy to LGBTQ+ individuals and allies across the state of Florida. Our conversations often include topics like anxiety, grief, depression, trauma, substance use and feelings of being overwhelmed by life. I also specialize in working with professionals in high stress jobs. My focus is on providing a safe environment where you can share anything on your heart of mind without fear of judgement.
(352) 618-6361 View (352) 618-6361
Photo of Mirla Zinicola, Registered Mental Health Counselor Intern in Colonicaltown South, Orlando, FL
Mirla Zinicola
Registered Mental Health Counselor Intern, MS
Verified
Colonicaltown South, Orlando, FL 32803
Everyone has a story to tell. Living under the weight of unresolved painful childhood experiences, trauma, loss, relationship problems, transition, and stressful life events can be overwhelming, debilitating, and hard to manage. My priority as a counselor is to honor your story and provide you with an opportunity to begin to unpack the pieces of it that need to be acknowledged and given a voice. I believe that the process of counseling is a collaborative one, where together we can explore issues of concern to you, define and set your goals for therapy, and find solutions that lead to positive change.
Everyone has a story to tell. Living under the weight of unresolved painful childhood experiences, trauma, loss, relationship problems, transition, and stressful life events can be overwhelming, debilitating, and hard to manage. My priority as a counselor is to honor your story and provide you with an opportunity to begin to unpack the pieces of it that need to be acknowledged and given a voice. I believe that the process of counseling is a collaborative one, where together we can explore issues of concern to you, define and set your goals for therapy, and find solutions that lead to positive change.
(689) 220-2699 View (689) 220-2699
Photo of Christina Senesi, Counselor in Colonicaltown South, Orlando, FL
Christina Senesi
Counselor, LMHC, NCC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Colonicaltown South, Orlando, FL 32803
Many clients come to counseling feeling like their lives may be lacking alignment, purpose, and understanding, and feel lost about which direction to go. I view myself as a partner walking alongside you on your journey towards balance and wholeness. I am a Licensed Mental Health Counselor and National Certified Counselor that specializes in the treatment of trauma, anxiety, eating disorders, self-esteem, and relationship concerns
Many clients come to counseling feeling like their lives may be lacking alignment, purpose, and understanding, and feel lost about which direction to go. I view myself as a partner walking alongside you on your journey towards balance and wholeness. I am a Licensed Mental Health Counselor and National Certified Counselor that specializes in the treatment of trauma, anxiety, eating disorders, self-esteem, and relationship concerns
(321) 221-5095 View (321) 221-5095
Photo of Melissa Boeing, Counselor in Colonicaltown South, Orlando, FL
Melissa Boeing
Counselor, LMHC, LMFT, NCC
Verified
Colonicaltown South, Orlando, FL 32803
Waitlist for new clients
I have experience working with children, adolescents, adults, couples and families with a wide variety of issues and challenges. I especially enjoy working with children and teens, using sensory techniques and creativity through art, music, and play in sessions. I utilizes a person-centered and strengths-based integrative approach drawing from a number of different theories and techniques, as needed, to meet the individual needs of each client. I believe in holistic health, which focuses on the important connection between the mind and the body.
I have experience working with children, adolescents, adults, couples and families with a wide variety of issues and challenges. I especially enjoy working with children and teens, using sensory techniques and creativity through art, music, and play in sessions. I utilizes a person-centered and strengths-based integrative approach drawing from a number of different theories and techniques, as needed, to meet the individual needs of each client. I believe in holistic health, which focuses on the important connection between the mind and the body.
(689) 219-4812 View (689) 219-4812
Photo of Anna Luiza Luz, Pre-Licensed Professional in Colonicaltown South, Orlando, FL
Anna Luiza Luz
Pre-Licensed Professional
Verified
Colonicaltown South, Orlando, FL 32803
As a Marriage and Family Therapist student intern, I am excited to begin my career and invite new clients to join me on their journey to healing. I specialize in working with couples, families, and individuals who are struggling with relationship issues, communication problems, and life transitions. My ideal clients are those who are open to exploring their feelings and experiences in a safe and supportive environment. I believe that with the right guidance and support, individuals, couples, and families can find the strength to overcome their challenges and lead more fulfilling lives together.
As a Marriage and Family Therapist student intern, I am excited to begin my career and invite new clients to join me on their journey to healing. I specialize in working with couples, families, and individuals who are struggling with relationship issues, communication problems, and life transitions. My ideal clients are those who are open to exploring their feelings and experiences in a safe and supportive environment. I believe that with the right guidance and support, individuals, couples, and families can find the strength to overcome their challenges and lead more fulfilling lives together.
(689) 400-8155 View (689) 400-8155

See more therapy options for Colonicaltown South, Orlando

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Colonicaltown South, Orlando, FL

20+

Average cost per session

$140

Therapists in Colonicaltown South, Orlando, FL who prioritize treating:

88% Relationship Issues
88% Anxiety
81% Trauma and PTSD
77% Depression
69% Self Esteem
65% Stress
62% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

93% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
86% Aetna
79% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in Colonicaltown South, Orlando, FL see their clients

93% In Person and Online
7% Online Only

Gender breakdown

72% Female
28% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Colonicaltown South, Orlando?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.