Therapists in New Smyrna Beach, FL

Photo of Erin Tobiasz, Counselor in New Smyrna Beach, FL
Erin Tobiasz
Counselor, MS, LMHC
Verified
1 Endorsed
New Smyrna Beach, FL 32168
I educate and empower clients to learn and to grow by customizing counseling to each individual's needs and unique situations. Respect and non-judgement are essential in helping clients reach their goals. I work with very difficult cases and understand the shame and guilt that come with abuse, trauma, addiction, and domestic violence; I honor clients' needs to take therapy at their own pace. I work with individuals, couples and families and I specialize in treating members of the LGBTQIA community. I am well-trained and experienced in treating Personality Disorders and addiction with co-occurring mental health disorders.
I educate and empower clients to learn and to grow by customizing counseling to each individual's needs and unique situations. Respect and non-judgement are essential in helping clients reach their goals. I work with very difficult cases and understand the shame and guilt that come with abuse, trauma, addiction, and domestic violence; I honor clients' needs to take therapy at their own pace. I work with individuals, couples and families and I specialize in treating members of the LGBTQIA community. I am well-trained and experienced in treating Personality Disorders and addiction with co-occurring mental health disorders.
(386) 269-4624 View (386) 269-4624
Photo of The Wellspring Mental Health Group, Counselor in New Smyrna Beach, FL
The Wellspring Mental Health Group
Counselor, LMHC, LMFT, LCSW, RMHCI
Verified
New Smyrna Beach, FL 32168
The Wellspring Mental Health Group, Inc. was created to offer affordable, yet excellent, mental health care for our community. Our sliding fee scale was designed with your needs in mind. At Wellspring New Smyrna Beach and Wellspring Port Orange, our counselors can work with you to make counseling effective for you. After all, therapy is designed to help you overcome any obstacle. Our mission is to provide personalized mental health care to everyone who seeks it and to restore hope to those who have lost it. Let us help you rediscover the power of hope within you.
The Wellspring Mental Health Group, Inc. was created to offer affordable, yet excellent, mental health care for our community. Our sliding fee scale was designed with your needs in mind. At Wellspring New Smyrna Beach and Wellspring Port Orange, our counselors can work with you to make counseling effective for you. After all, therapy is designed to help you overcome any obstacle. Our mission is to provide personalized mental health care to everyone who seeks it and to restore hope to those who have lost it. Let us help you rediscover the power of hope within you.
(386) 204-3984 View (386) 204-3984
Photo of Volusia Neuropsychology & Behavioral Health, Psychologist in New Smyrna Beach, FL
Volusia Neuropsychology & Behavioral Health
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
New Smyrna Beach, FL 32168
Volusia Neuropsychology & Behavioral Health offers multiple services to meet the needs of all patients. Our dedicated clinicians provide counseling and psychological services for children, adolescents, and adults in a supportive environment that promotes optimal well-being. The neuropsychological component of the practice is dedicated to the evaluation of brain function and assess cognitive, emotional and personality changes that can occur through injury and neurologic and medical illness.
Volusia Neuropsychology & Behavioral Health offers multiple services to meet the needs of all patients. Our dedicated clinicians provide counseling and psychological services for children, adolescents, and adults in a supportive environment that promotes optimal well-being. The neuropsychological component of the practice is dedicated to the evaluation of brain function and assess cognitive, emotional and personality changes that can occur through injury and neurologic and medical illness.
(386) 217-7183 View (386) 217-7183
Photo of Counseling Center New Smyrna Beach, Counselor in New Smyrna Beach, FL
Counseling Center New Smyrna Beach
Counselor
Verified
New Smyrna Beach, FL 32168
Is it time to start a partnership with a counselor? We believe that counseling isn't just for those who are hurting, but that anyone can benefit from an ongoing counseling or life coaching process. In fact, many of our clients are successful individuals and couples who know that everyone has the potential to grow. When a client comes to us for counseling, we strive to provide the client with skills and tools for making and maintaining significant life changes. Because of this, our clients tend to experience a positive difference in their moods, lives, and relationships quickly.
Is it time to start a partnership with a counselor? We believe that counseling isn't just for those who are hurting, but that anyone can benefit from an ongoing counseling or life coaching process. In fact, many of our clients are successful individuals and couples who know that everyone has the potential to grow. When a client comes to us for counseling, we strive to provide the client with skills and tools for making and maintaining significant life changes. Because of this, our clients tend to experience a positive difference in their moods, lives, and relationships quickly.
(386) 516-4721 View (386) 516-4721
Photo of Pamela Lynn Accor, Marriage & Family Therapist Intern in New Smyrna Beach, FL
Pamela Lynn Accor
Marriage & Family Therapist Intern, RMFI
Verified
1 Endorsed
New Smyrna Beach, FL 32168
I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist-Intern status (IMT) and Life Coach with over 5 years of experience working with individuals and families facing issues such as Trauma, Divorce, Relationship Conflict, Relationship Abuse Recovery, Toxic Patterns in Relationships, Mood Disorders, Personality Disorders, Couples Counseling, changes to family structure, parenting issues, PTSD , Health & Wellness, Loss and Grief, Depression, Anxiety, Body Image Issues, ADHD, and more. I have focused my research and studies on addressing Toxic Relationship and How to Recover from Emotional Abuse.
I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist-Intern status (IMT) and Life Coach with over 5 years of experience working with individuals and families facing issues such as Trauma, Divorce, Relationship Conflict, Relationship Abuse Recovery, Toxic Patterns in Relationships, Mood Disorders, Personality Disorders, Couples Counseling, changes to family structure, parenting issues, PTSD , Health & Wellness, Loss and Grief, Depression, Anxiety, Body Image Issues, ADHD, and more. I have focused my research and studies on addressing Toxic Relationship and How to Recover from Emotional Abuse.
(386) 388-7291 View (386) 388-7291
Photo of Matthew Taylor, Counselor in New Smyrna Beach, FL
Matthew Taylor
Counselor, MEd, LMHC-QS, EMDR
Verified
2 Endorsed
New Smyrna Beach, FL 32168
Not accepting new clients
Currently reached capacity for everything except MHC supervision. The FIRST thing to know is that you will be treated as an individual, acknowledging that your learning and healing process is unique. Our goals will be to make sense of your issues once we put all the pieces together. I am to work alongside you as an ally in your healing process, align with your needs, challenge you towards growth, and support your independence and openness. I hope to offer you some relief as soon as possible, so be ready to work, and have your sense of humor ready too!
Currently reached capacity for everything except MHC supervision. The FIRST thing to know is that you will be treated as an individual, acknowledging that your learning and healing process is unique. Our goals will be to make sense of your issues once we put all the pieces together. I am to work alongside you as an ally in your healing process, align with your needs, challenge you towards growth, and support your independence and openness. I hope to offer you some relief as soon as possible, so be ready to work, and have your sense of humor ready too!
(386) 224-6001 View (386) 224-6001
Photo of Deanna Rhoades in New Smyrna Beach, FL
Deanna Rhoades
MEd, EdS, LMHC
Verified
3 Endorsed
New Smyrna Beach, FL 32168
Life is not meant to be a chore or a punishment to be endured. It is also not something that we are meant to tackle alone. If you or someone you know is struggling with feelings of depression, anxiety, anger or disconnection, I'm here to help. I aim to create an environment of safety, curiosity and kindness that will allow clients to discover their own means to healing. We will work together to explore the thoughts, feelings and experiences holding you back from the life you want.
Life is not meant to be a chore or a punishment to be endured. It is also not something that we are meant to tackle alone. If you or someone you know is struggling with feelings of depression, anxiety, anger or disconnection, I'm here to help. I aim to create an environment of safety, curiosity and kindness that will allow clients to discover their own means to healing. We will work together to explore the thoughts, feelings and experiences holding you back from the life you want.
(386) 230-4924 View (386) 230-4924
Photo of Shavarne Carter, Counselor in New Smyrna Beach, FL
Shavarne Carter
Counselor
Verified
New Smyrna Beach, FL 32168  (Online Only)
Going to therapy can be a tough decision to make and what can be even more difficult is finding the "best therapist" for you! Each situation is unique and involves different steps to work towards resolving problems. I am looking to work with clients who are ready to put forth the work it takes to reach their goals. Life is challenging and I am here to help you get through your challenges.
Going to therapy can be a tough decision to make and what can be even more difficult is finding the "best therapist" for you! Each situation is unique and involves different steps to work towards resolving problems. I am looking to work with clients who are ready to put forth the work it takes to reach their goals. Life is challenging and I am here to help you get through your challenges.
(386) 388-7171 View (386) 388-7171
Photo of Alicia Olivieri, Mental Health Counselor in New Smyrna Beach, FL
Alicia Olivieri
Mental Health Counselor, LMHC, QS
Verified
1 Endorsed
New Smyrna Beach, FL 32169  (Online Only)
I specialize in the treatment of anxiety, depression, self-harm behaviors and trauma. My passion has always been trauma related work as I truly believe that the suffering that many people experience is a result of the trauma they have experienced in their lives. My goal is to help provide you the space to feel safe while processing your trauma, as well as find the tools and techniques needed to develop healthy and adaptive ways of coping. The ultimate goal is to help you uncover the strength and resiliency that is inside of you as you work through the healing process.
I specialize in the treatment of anxiety, depression, self-harm behaviors and trauma. My passion has always been trauma related work as I truly believe that the suffering that many people experience is a result of the trauma they have experienced in their lives. My goal is to help provide you the space to feel safe while processing your trauma, as well as find the tools and techniques needed to develop healthy and adaptive ways of coping. The ultimate goal is to help you uncover the strength and resiliency that is inside of you as you work through the healing process.
(386) 387-3798 View (386) 387-3798
Photo of Elizabeth Evans, Marriage & Family Therapist in New Smyrna Beach, FL
Elizabeth Evans
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, CCPS-C
Verified
1 Endorsed
New Smyrna Beach, FL 32168
Change is inevitable; no one stays the same in their life journey. I am passionate about helping others walk through the mountains and valleys in life growing stronger by building their inner strength. Each one of us has wounds and scars but they do not have to define who we are. I love working with individuals, couples, and families to draw on the positive qualities of each member in the family system in order to guide the family toward a more mentally healthier life. Connection is the secret ingredient to your overall well being. When we honor our pain by sharing it, we can heal it. Remaining silent can give power to the pain.
Change is inevitable; no one stays the same in their life journey. I am passionate about helping others walk through the mountains and valleys in life growing stronger by building their inner strength. Each one of us has wounds and scars but they do not have to define who we are. I love working with individuals, couples, and families to draw on the positive qualities of each member in the family system in order to guide the family toward a more mentally healthier life. Connection is the secret ingredient to your overall well being. When we honor our pain by sharing it, we can heal it. Remaining silent can give power to the pain.
(407) 871-6284 View (407) 871-6284
Photo of Elizabeth English, Registered Mental Health Counselor Intern in New Smyrna Beach, FL
Elizabeth English
Registered Mental Health Counselor Intern, MA, RMHCI
Verified
5 Endorsed
New Smyrna Beach, FL 32168
Now Accepting New Clients! As a counselor, I seek to meet clients where they are at and provide a supportive, caring and open space to process their needs. I see each client as the expert in their own lives, and work with them to find an individualized process that works best for them to meet their goals. Through a person-centered foundation, I work alongside clients with an integrative approach to allow clients to process grief, life transitions, depression, and other concerns that they bring to help guide them towards their goals and personal growth.
Now Accepting New Clients! As a counselor, I seek to meet clients where they are at and provide a supportive, caring and open space to process their needs. I see each client as the expert in their own lives, and work with them to find an individualized process that works best for them to meet their goals. Through a person-centered foundation, I work alongside clients with an integrative approach to allow clients to process grief, life transitions, depression, and other concerns that they bring to help guide them towards their goals and personal growth.
(386) 388-6019 View (386) 388-6019
Photo of Kimberly Ingram, Mental Health Counselor in New Smyrna Beach, FL
Kimberly Ingram
Mental Health Counselor, MA, LMHC, CFRC
Verified
6 Endorsed
New Smyrna Beach, FL 32168
Counseling is a journey of self-discovery. I provide a safe, non-judgmental environment for you to process your thoughts. The goal is to help you find the peace of mind you deserve. I specialize in working with first responders of all ages in trauma recovery, PTSD, anxiety, and self-esteem. As a Certified First Responder Counselor, I understand that confidentiality is the priority when working with those in public safety. Being a law enforcement wife for over 25 years has led me to build a practice with a focus on this culture.
Counseling is a journey of self-discovery. I provide a safe, non-judgmental environment for you to process your thoughts. The goal is to help you find the peace of mind you deserve. I specialize in working with first responders of all ages in trauma recovery, PTSD, anxiety, and self-esteem. As a Certified First Responder Counselor, I understand that confidentiality is the priority when working with those in public safety. Being a law enforcement wife for over 25 years has led me to build a practice with a focus on this culture.
(386) 230-0085 View (386) 230-0085
Photo of Garrett Graves, Counselor in New Smyrna Beach, FL
Garrett Graves
Counselor, LMHC, MS
Verified
3 Endorsed
New Smyrna Beach, FL 32168
Welcome! I’m Garrett Graves LMHC. I am an integrative practitioner specializing in play therapy techniques, sand tray techniques, and expressive arts interventions. I also know that for some feelings can seem daunting or overwhelming and I utilize cognitive modalities or traditional "talk therapy" as well. My priority is meeting people where they are and my passion is to connect with those who are stuck or struggling and to chart new ways of being.
Welcome! I’m Garrett Graves LMHC. I am an integrative practitioner specializing in play therapy techniques, sand tray techniques, and expressive arts interventions. I also know that for some feelings can seem daunting or overwhelming and I utilize cognitive modalities or traditional "talk therapy" as well. My priority is meeting people where they are and my passion is to connect with those who are stuck or struggling and to chart new ways of being.
(386) 516-4681 View (386) 516-4681
Photo of Winona Squires, Marriage & Family Therapist in New Smyrna Beach, FL
Winona Squires
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified
10 Endorsed
New Smyrna Beach, FL 32168
Entering therapy is similar to summoning the courage to open an over-flowing closet that has been long ignored. Though daunting, with the right tools and an understanding guide, the task can become a manageable and rewarding experience. As your guide, I can help you shine a light on emotions, experiences, and relationships that you may be afraid to touch due to fear, shame, or uncertainty of how to process them. By utilizing an integrative approach, I help my clients assess and move through their emotional experiences while also applying new skills to help them reach their innermost personal goals.
Entering therapy is similar to summoning the courage to open an over-flowing closet that has been long ignored. Though daunting, with the right tools and an understanding guide, the task can become a manageable and rewarding experience. As your guide, I can help you shine a light on emotions, experiences, and relationships that you may be afraid to touch due to fear, shame, or uncertainty of how to process them. By utilizing an integrative approach, I help my clients assess and move through their emotional experiences while also applying new skills to help them reach their innermost personal goals.
(386) 957-1205 View (386) 957-1205
Photo of Kianna Spivey, Registered Mental Health Counselor Intern in New Smyrna Beach, FL
Kianna Spivey
Registered Mental Health Counselor Intern, MA, RMHCI
Verified
2 Endorsed
New Smyrna Beach, FL 32168
Hi there, I'm Kianna, a Registered Mental Health Counselor Intern (RMHCI) in the state of Florida. I want to congratulate you on taking a bold step towards your healing process! I have a passion for helping others, being an active listener, providing a safe space, and assisting others in difficult times.
Hi there, I'm Kianna, a Registered Mental Health Counselor Intern (RMHCI) in the state of Florida. I want to congratulate you on taking a bold step towards your healing process! I have a passion for helping others, being an active listener, providing a safe space, and assisting others in difficult times.
(386) 674-1249 View (386) 674-1249
Photo of Roger L Corbin, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New Smyrna Beach, FL
Roger L Corbin
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, BS, MSW, LCSW, DC
Verified
New Smyrna Beach, FL 32169
I focus on treating depression, anxiety, and panic associated with life transitions, such as marital. academic and health-related issues. The results of these transitions are often financial stresses, relationship stresses, family dysfunction, and job loss. . I enjoy giving my clients the “tools” to overcome their challenges to lead purposeful, functional, healthy, and joy-filled lives. I am currently travelling. I see clients in the evening by Telehealth. (The address is not an office but my mail forwarding. )
I focus on treating depression, anxiety, and panic associated with life transitions, such as marital. academic and health-related issues. The results of these transitions are often financial stresses, relationship stresses, family dysfunction, and job loss. . I enjoy giving my clients the “tools” to overcome their challenges to lead purposeful, functional, healthy, and joy-filled lives. I am currently travelling. I see clients in the evening by Telehealth. (The address is not an office but my mail forwarding. )
(386) 388-2393 View (386) 388-2393
Photo of Vernicia John-Lewis, Registered Mental Health Counselor Intern in New Smyrna Beach, FL
Vernicia John-Lewis
Registered Mental Health Counselor Intern, MS, RMHCI
Verified
3 Endorsed
New Smyrna Beach, FL 32168
Accepting New Clients! Greetings! I'm Vernicia John-Lewis, a Registered Mental Health Counselor Intern (RMHCI). I am excited to meet and embark on this journey with you. Congratulations in advance on taking this huge step in your healing process. I believe in working in partnership with my clients to maximize their current strengths, help sort their challenges and achieve their goals, while understanding that the clients are the experts of their lives. When you experience trauma or life stressors, it is normal to believe that your life goes downhill or to believe as if everything is falling apart rapidly.
Accepting New Clients! Greetings! I'm Vernicia John-Lewis, a Registered Mental Health Counselor Intern (RMHCI). I am excited to meet and embark on this journey with you. Congratulations in advance on taking this huge step in your healing process. I believe in working in partnership with my clients to maximize their current strengths, help sort their challenges and achieve their goals, while understanding that the clients are the experts of their lives. When you experience trauma or life stressors, it is normal to believe that your life goes downhill or to believe as if everything is falling apart rapidly.
(386) 384-9609 View (386) 384-9609
Photo of Trisha Peterson in New Smyrna Beach, FL
Trisha Peterson
LCSW
Verified
New Smyrna Beach, FL 32169
I am inspired by helping individuals create meaningful lives through a greater understanding of themselves. I believe in the fundamental principles of enlightenment and self-discovery . There is an effectiveness of addressing underlying core issues to promote healing while building self-acceptance, self-love, and empowerment.
I am inspired by helping individuals create meaningful lives through a greater understanding of themselves. I believe in the fundamental principles of enlightenment and self-discovery . There is an effectiveness of addressing underlying core issues to promote healing while building self-acceptance, self-love, and empowerment.
(386) 280-7959 View (386) 280-7959
Photo of Spruce Creek Mental Health Services, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New Smyrna Beach, FL
Spruce Creek Mental Health Services
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
New Smyrna Beach, FL 32168
Offices of: Shannon M. King, LCSW. I have worked with a wide variety of individuals in many different settings and capacities, and have experience working with all ages, couples, families, and groups. I've helped numerous people work through their unique situations and circumstances. I realize, for all of us, there will be challenges and difficult periods in our lives; but that we also have a wonderful capacity to regain control and work through these challenges.
Offices of: Shannon M. King, LCSW. I have worked with a wide variety of individuals in many different settings and capacities, and have experience working with all ages, couples, families, and groups. I've helped numerous people work through their unique situations and circumstances. I realize, for all of us, there will be challenges and difficult periods in our lives; but that we also have a wonderful capacity to regain control and work through these challenges.
(386) 272-7325 View (386) 272-7325
Photo of Lauren Silver, Mental Health Counselor in New Smyrna Beach, FL
Lauren Silver
Mental Health Counselor, MS, LMHC
Verified
New Smyrna Beach, FL 32168
I am a graduate of Long Island University located in Purchase, NY, where I received my Master's of Science in Mental Health Counseling. I received my post graduate experience in Florida in community health centers, hospitals, substance rehabilitation centers, skilled nursing facilities and private practice. This allowed me to gain a wide range of exposure and skills to eventually hold a license in Florida as a mental health counselor. I am also looking forward to obtaining skills in the Shamanic arts and I can provide limited spiritual guidance and referrals to already certified Shamanic healers.
I am a graduate of Long Island University located in Purchase, NY, where I received my Master's of Science in Mental Health Counseling. I received my post graduate experience in Florida in community health centers, hospitals, substance rehabilitation centers, skilled nursing facilities and private practice. This allowed me to gain a wide range of exposure and skills to eventually hold a license in Florida as a mental health counselor. I am also looking forward to obtaining skills in the Shamanic arts and I can provide limited spiritual guidance and referrals to already certified Shamanic healers.
(386) 284-4745 View (386) 284-4745

See more therapy options for New Smyrna Beach

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in New Smyrna Beach, FL

40+

Average cost per session

$110

Therapists in New Smyrna Beach, FL who prioritize treating:

89% Depression
89% Anxiety
82% Relationship Issues
80% Trauma and PTSD
78% Self Esteem
76% Coping Skills
69% Grief

Average years in practice

8 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

80% Aetna
76% Cigna and Evernorth
72% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in New Smyrna Beach, FL see their clients

87% In Person and Online
13% Online Only

Gender breakdown

86% Female
14% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in New Smyrna Beach?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.